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INTRODUCTION

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CASE STUDY
India Habitat Centre (IHC) has been Symbol
conceived as an ideal physical The India Habitat Centre logo, an
environment with a range of facilities, amalgam of the divine archer Shiva,
that would maximize the effectiveness of juxtaposed
the individuals and institutions, in their against the downward pointing triangle
holistic support of the habitat. that represents his consort Shakti,
The principal resolve of the Centre - "to symbolizes
restore at every level - environment and the archetypal marriage of energies
ecological - a balanced, harmonious and projected in abstract form - a key to the
improved way of life," is reflected in its secret of
concept and design. cosmic and universal harmony.

Spread over nine acres in the heart of


New Delhi, IHC has a built up area of
approximately one million square feet. It
incorporates innovative new
technologies in building management
systems, conference systems,
communication and energy conservation,
creating probably the most intelligent
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PROJECT DETAIL
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building in the country.
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Site : 9.6 acres


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The whole complex consists of five main Architect: Joseph


building blocks with aerial walkways Allen Stein
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interconnecting the building blocks.


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These building blocks being separated Ground coverage : 9549 sq.m


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manage to create interesting courtyards First basement : 18819 sq.m


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that are partially open to the elements. Second basement : 18819 sq.m
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Approx cost : 100 crores


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Parking : 1000 cars


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PLATE NO 2 VIEW OF INDIAN HABITAT CENTRE

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Human Settlement Management Institute
LOCATION
The India Habitat Centre, located working in habitat related areas to
CASE STUDY
in New Delhi, India, was conceived to be increase their effectiveness. The
a catalyst relationship between architect who designed the building
individuals and institutions (e.g. NGO's) complex was Joseph Allen Stein.

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PLATE NO 3 ISOMETRIC PLAN OF INDIAN HABITAT CENTRE


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Human Settlement Management Institute
Purpose of the Construction of Indian three parts. The middle one is left open
CASE STUDY Habitat Centre whereas there is landscaped roundabout
Indian Habitat Centre has been formation on its either sides.
constructed for various activities apart for
commercial purposes. It is a centre for Shading Devices
cultural, economic and social activities. The reflectors are installed above the
Dramas, plays are also organized at the building to provide shade and prevent sun
centre. There is banquet hall and party from entering into the building. The
lawn and also a Restaurant. Basically, it is reflectors are aligned at an angle which
open for public use also. . The Habitat reflect back 70% of the sunlight and
Centre would be a home not only to those change their angle during winter to allow
offices and research organizations but in sunlight to fall on the windows.
order to facilitate their interaction, the
centre provides a range of facilities like
conference venues, exhibition halls,
seminar rooms, restaurants and
performance venues for cultural activities.

Design Concept of Indian Habitat Centre


The creation of a green and healthy
environment forms the backbone of the
complex. This contributes to the urban
level functions and also creates a healthy rg
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and pleasant environment for the working
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employees. PLATE NO 4 INDOOR ENVIRONMENT


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The height of the building is around 30m


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high. The entire facade is cladded with red


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bricks which give a majestic look to the


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structure. Vertical and Horizontal ribbon


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windows have been used with a special


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glass that restricts the entry of sunlight.


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The atrium of the structure is beautifully


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designed with various landscape


features such as sculptures, green areas in
the centers resulting in the formation of a
roundabout in the atrium. The atrium is
rectangular in shape and is divided into PLATE NO 5 COURTYARD VIEW

PLATE NO 6 VIEW OF INDIAN HABITAT CENTRE


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Human Settlement Management Institute
OBJECTIVES OF IHC Promote education, research, training
and professional development on
CASE STUDY

Develop an integrated physical habitat and human settlement and


environment in which various environment related issues.
professions and institutions dealing
with different facets of habitat and Organise and promote conferences,
habitat related environmental issues seminars, lectures, public debates and
would function, interact and attempt exhibitions in matters relating to
to resolve habitat related problems in habitat, human settlements and
a coordinated manner. environment.

Promote awareness in regard to


habitat related environmental issues Acquire, hold, improve and develop
including water, air, noise and waste lands and construct buildings and
pollution, energy and its conservation, related facilities on behalf of
water and human waste management members of the Centre.
and other such matters.
Constitute or cause to be constituted
Promote better urban and rural Regional Centres at convenient places
settlements relevant of the Indian to promote the objectives of the
social, cultural and economic context Centre
and related to the lifestyle of its rg
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people. To do such all other lawful activities
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as the Centre considers conducive to


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Inculcate better awareness and the attainment of all or any of the


above objectives.
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sensitivity in regard to all aspects of


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creative human activity including the


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significance of art in habitat.


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Document all relevant information


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pertaining to habitat, human


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settlements and environmental issues.

Advise and if needed, assist the


Government in the formation and
implementation of policies relating to
habitat, and human settlements.

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Human Settlement Management Institute
CASE STUDY

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PLATE NO 7 SITE PLAN


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ARCHITECTURAL SCHEME Orientation


The IHC is composed of variety of • Building is designed with a view to keep
functions which have been put together in minimum exposure on the east and west
such a compact form. it has been planned site.
a series of four to seven story blocks with • North block with number of openings
shaded courtyards protecting from the recessed behind two blocks to shade it
excesses of tropical climate and motor from NW sun.
traffic of adjacent heavily traffic • Eastern face conveys a fortress like
intersection .The various functions are quality.
•RENTED OFFICES SPACE • Building width have been restricted to
•RESTURANT 15 mts enabling the interiors to be lit from
•AMPHITHEATRE
•AUDITORIUM(537 SEATING)
both sides
•EXHIBITION HALL
•ART GALLERY
•FITNESS CENTRE
•CONVENTION CENTRE
•LIBRARY

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Human Settlement Management Institute
DESIGN REVIEW
CASE STUDY
• Though of an imposing nature, the the construction purpose. The entire
building complex manages to blend office block rests on the steel girders
in with its surroundings through its without any support of the columns
natural embellishments. In keeping in between the longitudinal plan.
with its habitat theme, the whole Most of the horizontal ribbon
complex has been generously windows have slots for plantation
provided with natural greenery to purpose which add to the beauty of
provide an undiluted experience of the entire complex.
open nature.
• The fountain just beyond the Energy Efficiency:
second entrance serves purpose not •The building stands out in energy
only by being spectacular, but also efficiency.
by relieving the surroundings of the •The interesting blue sunshade
heat. provided between the two buildings
• The interesting glass/steel in court helps to maintain the
structure near the second entrance environment and gives a cool effect.
provides natural light to the •The trees also helps to maintain the
underground parking area. environment and gives the natural
• The building’s two entrances are effect. Trees are planted at very part
not one and the same. of the court.
• The first entrance depicts a rg
•Fountains makes the environment
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more cooler & gives a effect of
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seemingly long deep corridor.


• The second entrance seems to lightness.
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hide the spacious courtyards. •Allen stein planned the building in


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• The absence of roof gutters rids such a way so that the maximum
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the complex of clutter. Instead, part of the floor enjoys sunlight.


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separations between walls that are


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lined with tiles facilitates the disposal Universal Access:


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of rain water. Handicap car parking is provided,


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• The roof shading devices not only plus railing is provided at very parts
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look spectacular in sky blue, but also of the building where needed.
serve to block out the Sun’s rays. Lift is provided from basement to the
• The external facade of the terrace.
Convention centre has a mundane
appearance which masks the open Emotions:
inner space. IHC serves different emotions at
• The courtyards laden with various different places.
types of vegetation from tall trees to Gate no.2 creates curiosity to a
small shrubs create different spaces. person when stands in front of
• The presence of an amphitheatre the building.
also marks an interesting feature of Gate no.3 gives surprise when it
the complex. opens to a huge space.
• The area without the shading
devices is laden with grass lawns to
provide a different setting altogether.
Construction Technique
Massive Steel girders have been for

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Human Settlement Management Institute
CASE STUDY

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PLATE NO 8 TYPICAL FLOOR PLAN

PLATE NO 9 AUDITORIUM PLAN 35


Human Settlement Management Institute
CASE STUDY

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PLATE NO 10 GROUND PLAN

PLATE NO 11 VIEW OF LAND SCAPE COURT


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Human Settlement Management Institute
CASE STUDY

PLATE NO 12 BASEMENT PLAN

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PLATE NO 13STRUCTURE PLAN

PLATE NO 14 LOWER BASEMENT PLAN

PLATE NO 15 SECTION 37
Human Settlement Management Institute
INFERENCES
CASE STUDY

• The orientation and designing of • All the public activities are located
building of the building is done on the ground floor and semi public
keeping in mind the comfort of the and private activities are located on
users and making it eco – friendly. the higher floors for smooth
functionality.
• The site is very pedestrian friendly
with a smooth pedestrian flow but one • All the parking has been provided in
gets confused about what is where. the basement , except the VIP parking.
There is problem of signages . This keeps the surface free of traffic
movement.
• The core system makes the
movement very rigid and makes the • The complex is well serviced , with
connectivity between the blocks very major chunk of the services in the
poor. lower basement and services are well
connected to the buildings through
• The zoning of the functions have cores.
been done according to existing
buildings around the site. Hence , • The articulation of the open spaces
is features that makes the IHC a
responding to the surroundings.
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distinctive and active public space in
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• The beautifully landscaped courts the city.


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and open spaces are well linked to


• There is focus on creating an
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each other and spaces seem to flow


improved climate environment by
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into each other.


introducing low energy climate
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• The complex has its own water controls.


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purification plant, making it even more


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• Passive solar techniques like using

INDIA HABITAT CENTRE


energy efficient.
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shading canopies which reflect the


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• Administration centre is located in unwanted radiation , keeping width of


the centre of the complex so that it is the court is equal to the height of the
easily accessible to all. building, makes the centre the energy
efficient.
• Open spaces like amphitheatre make
the complex lively.

• An important consequences of
combing the public spaces with offices
is the creation of informal activity
arrangement as may activity spaces
ensures that the campus is alive and
populated even after office hours.

• The convention centre has been


given a separate entrance so that it
does not interfere with other functions
even in case of an event.
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Human Settlement Management Institute