Anda di halaman 1dari 213

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A17.2—2001
ASME A17.1—2000

GUIDE FOR
INSPECTION OF
ELEVATORS,
ESCALATORS, AND
MOVING WALKS
Includes Inspection Procedures for
Electric Traction and Winding Drum Elevators,
Hydraulic Elevators, and Escalators and Moving Walks

Consolidation of A17.2.1, A17.2.2, and A17.2.3

A N A M E R I C A N N A T I O N A L S T A N D A R D

COPYRIGHT 2003; American Society of Mechanical Engineers Document provided by IHS Licensee=SEPCS-PETROLIAM/4397000001, User=, 05/12/2003
02:53:39 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document
Policy Management Group at 1-800-451-1584.
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--- ASME A17.2—2001

GUIDE FOR
INSPECTION OF
ELEVATORS,
ESCALATORS, AND
MOVING WALKS
Includes Inspection Procedures for
Electric Traction and Winding Drum Elevators,
Hydraulic Elevators, and Escalators and Moving Walks

Consolidation of A17.2.1, A17.2.2, and A17.2.3

A N A M E R I C A N N A T I O N A L S T A N D A R D
COPYRIGHT 2003; American Society of Mechanical Engineers Document provided by IHS Licensee=SEPCS-PETROLIAM/4397000001, User=, 05/12/2003
02:53:39 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document
Policy Management Group at 1-800-451-1584.
This edition was approved by the American National Standards Institute on
October 4, 2001 and was issued on December 31, 2001.

The next edition of the Guide is scheduled for publication in 2003. There will
be no addenda issued to this edition.

ASME issues written replies to inquiries concerning interpretations of


technical aspects of this Guide.

ASME is the registered trademark of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

This Guide was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for American
National Standards. The Standards Committee that approved the Guide was balanced to assure
that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an opportunity to participate.
The proposed Guide was made available for public review and comment that provides an
opportunity for additional public input from industry, academia, regulatory agencies, and the
public-at-large.
ASME does not “approve,” “rate,” or “endorse” any item, construction, proprietary device,
or activity.
ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in
connection with any items mentioned in this document, and does not undertake to insure anyone
utilizing a standard against liability for infringement of any applicable letters patent, nor assume
any such liability. Users are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such
patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, is entirely their own responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to
be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this Guide.
ASME accepts responsibility for only those interpretations of this document issued in
accordance with the established ASME procedures and policies, which precludes the issuance
of interpretations by individuals.

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990

Copyright © 2001 by
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

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COPYRIGHT 2003; American Society of Mechanical Engineers Document provided by IHS Licensee=SEPCS-PETROLIAM/4397000001, User=, 05/12/2003
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CONTENTS

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix

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Committee Roster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii

Introduction

Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Qualifications of Inspectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Personal Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Duties of Inspectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Arrangement for Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Recommended Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Reference Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Part 1
Elevator — Inside of Car

1.1 Door Reopening Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5


1.2 Stop Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.3 Operating Control Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.4 Sills and Car Floor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.5 Car Lighting and Receptacles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.6 Car Emergency Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.7 Car Door or Gate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.8 Door Closing Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.9 Power Closing of Doors or Gates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.10 Power Opening of Doors or Gates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.11 Car Vision Panels and Glass Car Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.12 Car Enclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.13 Emergency Exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.14 Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
1.15 Signs and Operating Device Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
1.16 Rated Load, Platform Area, and Data Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
1.17 Standby Power Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
1.18 Restricted Opening of Car or Hoistway Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
1.19 Car Ride . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

iii

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Part 2
Elevator — Machine Room

Safety Precautions (Electric Elevators) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20


Safety Precautions (Hydraulic Elevators) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

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2.1 Access to Machine Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.2 Headroom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.3 Lighting and Receptacles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.4 Machine Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2.5 Housekeeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2.6 Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.7 Fire Extinguisher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.8 Pipes, Wiring, and Ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2.9 Guarding of Exposed Auxiliary Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2.10 Numbering of Elevators, Machines, and Disconnect Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2.11 Disconnecting Means and Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
2.12 Controller Wiring, Fuses, Grounding, Etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
2.13 Governor, Overspeed Switch, and Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
2.14 Code Data Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
2.15 Static Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
2.16 Overhead Beam and Fastenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
2.17 Drive Machine Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
2.18 Traction Drive Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
2.19 Gears, Bearings, and Flexible Couplings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
2.20 Winding Drum Machine and Slack Cable Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
2.21 Belt- or Chain-Drive Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
2.22 Motor Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
2.23 Absorption of Regenerated Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
2.24 AC Drives From a DC Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
2.25 Traction Sheaves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
2.26 Secondary and Deflector Sheaves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
2.27 Rope Fastenings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
2.28 Terminal Stopping Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
2.29 Car and Counterweight Safeties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
2.30 Hydraulic Power Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
2.31 Relief Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
2.32 Control Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
2.33 Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
2.34 Flexible Hydraulic Hose and Fitting Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
2.35 Supply Line and Shutoff Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
2.36 Hydraulic Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
2.37 Pressure Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
2.38 Roped Water Hydraulic Elevators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

iv

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Part 3
Elevator — Top of Car

Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
3.1 Top-of-Car Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
3.2 Car Top Light and Outlet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
3.3 Top-of-Car Operating Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
3.4 Top-of-Car Clearance and Refuge Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
3.5 Normal Terminal Stopping Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
3.6 Final and Emergency Terminal Stopping Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
3.7 Car Leveling and Anticreep Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
3.8 Top Emergency Exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
3.9 Floor and Emergency Identification Numbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
3.10 Hoistway Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
3.11 Hoistway Smoke Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
3.12 Pipes, Wiring, and Ducts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
3.13 Windows, Projections, Recesses, and Setbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
3.14 Hoistway Clearances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
3.15 Multiple Hoistways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
3.16 Traveling Cables and Junction Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
3.17 Door and Gate Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
3.18 Car Frame and Stiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
3.19 Guide Rails Fastening and Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
3.20 Governor Rope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
3.21 Governor Releasing Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
3.22 Wire Rope Fastening and Hitch Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
3.23 Suspension Rope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
3.24 Top Counterweight Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
3.25 Car, Overhead, and Deflector Sheaves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
3.26 Broken Rope, Chain, or Tape Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
3.27 Crosshead Data Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
3.28 Counterweight and Counterweight Buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
3.29 Counterweight Safeties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
3.30 Speed Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
3.31 Slack Rope Device — Roped-Hydraulic Elevators Installed Under
A17.1b–1989 and Later Editions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
3.32 Traveling Sheave — Roped-Hydraulic Elevators Installed Under
A17.1b-1989 and Later Editions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
3.33 Counterweight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
3.34 Compensating Ropes and Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

Part 4
Elevator — Outside Hoistway

4.1 Car Platform Guard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84


4.2 Hoistway Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
4.3 Vision Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

v
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02:53:39 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document
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4.4 Hoistway Door Locking Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
4.5 Access to Hoistway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
4.6 Power Closing of Hoistway Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
4.7 Sequence Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
4.8 Hoistway Enclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
4.9 Elevator Parking Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
4.10 Emergency Doors in Blind Hoistways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
4.11 Separate Counterweight Hoistway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
4.12 Standby Power Selection Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
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Part 5
Elevator — Pit

Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
5.1 Pit Access, Lighting, Stop Switch, and Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
5.2 Bottom Clearance, Runby, and Minimum Refuge Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
5.3 Final and Emergency Terminal Stopping Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
5.4 Normal Terminal Stopping Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
5.5 Traveling Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
5.6 Governor-Rope Tension Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
5.7 Car Frame and Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
5.8 Car Safeties and Guiding Members — Including Roped-Hydraulic
Elevators Installed Under A17.1b–1989 and Later Editions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
5.9 Buffer and Emergency Terminal Speed Limiting Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
5.10 Compensating Chains, Ropes, and Sheaves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
5.11 Plunger and Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
5.12 Car Buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
5.13 Guiding Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
5.14 Supply Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

Part 6
Elevator — Firefighters’ Service

6.1 Operation of Elevators Under Fire and Other Emergency Conditions


(A17.1b–1973 Through A17.1b–1980) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
6.2 Operation of Elevators Under Fire and Other Emergency Conditions
(A17.1–1981 Through A17.1b-1983) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
6.3 Firefighters’ Service (A17.1–1984 Through A17.1a–1988 and A17.3) . . . . . . . . 112
6.4 Firefighters’ Service (A17.1b–1989 Through A17.1d–2000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114

Part 7
Escalator — External

7.1 General Fire Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120


7.2 Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
7.3 Handrails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
7.4 Entrance and Egress Ends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
7.5 Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

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7.6 Caution Signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125


7.7 Combplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
7.8 Deck Barricade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
7.9 Steps and Upthrust Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
7.10 Operating Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
7.11 Skirt Obstruction Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
7.12 Handrail-Speed Monitoring Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
7.13 Rolling Shutter Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
7.14 Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
7.15 Balustrades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
7.16 Ceiling Intersection Guards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
7.17 Step/Skirt Clearances, Panels, and Performance Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
7.18 Outdoor Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

Part 8
Escalator — Internal

8.1 Machinery Space Access, Lighting, Receptacle, and Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140


8.2 Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
8.3 Controller and Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
8.4 Drive Machine and Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
8.5 Speed Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
8.6 Broken Drive Chain and Disconnected Motor Safety Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
8.7 Reversal Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
8.8 Broken Step Chain Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
8.9 Step Upthrust Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
8.10 Missing Step Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
8.11 Step Level Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
8.12 Steps, Step Chains, and Trusses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
8.13 Handrails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
8.14 Code Data Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
8.15 Response to Smoke Detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147

Part 9
Moving Walk — External

9.1 General Fire Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148


9.2 Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
9.3 Handrails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
9.4 Entrance and Egress Ends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
9.5 Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
9.6 Caution Signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
9.7 Combplates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
9.8 Deck Barricades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
9.9 Treadways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
9.10 Operating Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

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9.11 (Reserved) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
9.12 Handrail-Speed Monitoring Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
9.13 Rolling Shutter Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
9.14 Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
9.15 Balustrades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
9.16 Ceiling Intersection Guards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
9.17 Skirt Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
9.18 Outdoor Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

Part 10
Moving Walk — Internal

10.1 Machinery Space Access, Lighting, Receptacle, and Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161


10.2 Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
10.3 Controller and Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
10.4 Drive Machine and Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
10.5 Speed Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
10.6 Broken Drive Chain and Disconnected Motor Safety Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
10.7 Reversal Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
10.8 Broken Treadway Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
10.9 (Reserved) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
10.10 Missing Pallet Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
10.11 Pallet Level Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
10.12 Pallets, Pallet Chains, and Trusses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
10.13 Handrails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
10.14 Code Data Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
10.15 Response to Smoke Detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167

Nonmandatory Appendix

A Inspection Checklists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

viii

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FOREWORD

Following the publication of the 1925 edition felt that it was time for the Manual to take on
of the Safety Code for Elevators, Dumbwaiters, a new format. Thus, the fifth edition of the
and Escalators, requests for a handbook, or Manual, published in 1979, was reorganized into
manual, covering the inspection of elevators four major Parts: Electric Elevators, Hydraulic
were received by the A17 Committee. This Com- Elevators, Escalators, and Moving Walks. Each
mittee appointed a subcommittee to prepare Part was further divided into three major Divi-
such a manual. Cities, states, insurance compa- sions: Routine Inspection, Periodic Inspection
nies, elevator manufacturers and maintenance and Test, and Acceptance Inspection and Test.
companies, and the federal government fur- New Appendices were added to this edition,
nished the Committee with material based on containing sample inspection checklists for elec-
their field experiences. A final draft was pre- tric elevators, hydraulic elevators, escalators
pared and was unanimously approved by the and moving walks. A considerable amount of
A17 Committee, the Code Sponsors, and the new material was also added to the Manual to
American National Association (presently bring it in line with the 1978 edition of the
known as the American National Standards In- Code.
stitute, Inc.) and the first edition of the Manual
In order to keep the Manual as current as
was published in 1937 simultaneously with the
possible, the Committee began the policy of
fourth edition of the Code.
publishing supplements on a regular basis. Sup-
A second edition of the Manual was prepared
plements were issued in 1980 and 1981 to up-
by the Committee to bring it in line with the
date the 1979 edition.
fourth edition of the Code, including the 1942
The sixth edition of the Manual contained
supplement. A new Part to cover the inspection
of escalators, and new Appendices were added the revisions included in the 1980 and 1981
to cover descriptions of various types of safeties, supplements, as well as many other revisions
methods for determining stopping distances of made to keep the Manual abreast of new Code
gradual-type safeties, guide rail data, types of requirements and to add more comprehensive
speed governors, and the handling and sock- inspection and testing procedures. The title of
eting of wire rope. The second edition of the this edition was also changed to ANSI/ASME
Manual was approved by the American Stan- A17.2 Inspectors’ Manual for Elevators and Esca-
dards Association and was published in 1945. lators. This change was made to reflect a reorga-
The third edition of the Manual was published nization of the A17 Committee structure, and
in 1960 and included revision to bring it in line to shorten the title for convenience.
with the 1960 edition of the Code. The seventh edition of the Manual included
The fourth edition of the Manual was pub- the revisions in the 1983 and 1984 supplements
lished in 1973 to bring it in line with the 1971 as well as other new revisions. One of the
editions including the 1972 supplement to the major revisions was the Inspection Checklists
Code, and to update the inspection procedures. in Appendix E, which were expanded to include
A new Part was also added to cover the inspec- routine and periodic inspections and tests in
tion of moving walks. addition to acceptance inspections and tests.
The Inspectors’ Manual Subcommittee was The eighth edition included revisions in the
reactivated in 1976 to review the Manual and 1986 and 1987 supplements as well as other
coordinate it with a proposed new edition of revisions listed in the Summary of Changes
the Code. The Subcommittee, during its review, section.

ix
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In 1989, the Inspectors’ Manual Committee In 1993, the Inspectors’ Manual Committee
polled the inspection community to determine was requested to review equipment installed
what portions of the Manual were most effective prior to the 1955 edition of A17.1. ASME A17.2.3
and the direction that should be taken to meet includes inspection and testing procedures for
the need of the inspector. In response to re- assuring compliance with some requirements
quests for equipment, specific inspection guide- in pre-1955 editions of A17.1.
lines, techniques, and cautionary notes as well In 1999, based on feedback from the user
as field convenience, the concept of individual community, the A17 Main Committee approved
equipment inspection manuals was developed. the Inspectors’ Manual Committee’s recommen-
The Committee decided to concentrate initially dation to consolidate the three existing manuals:
on three major segments. As a result, the Inspec- A17.2.1–1996, Inspectors’ Manual for Electric
tors’ Manual is to be published in three volumes: Elevators (including A17.2.1a–1997 and
A17.2.1, Electric Elevators; A17.2.2, Hydraulic A17.2.1b–1998 Addenda); A17.2.2–1997, Inspec-
Elevators; and A17.2.3, Escalators and Moving tors’ Manual for Hydraulic Elevators (including
A17.2.2a–1998 Addenda); and A17.2.3–1998, In-
Walks. Each volume addresses inspection proce-
spectors’ Manual for Escalators and Moving
dures for assuring compliance with the A17.1
Walks (including A17.2.3a–2000 Addenda). The
Code since 1955 and the A17.3 Code. It is the
resulting A17.2–2001, Guide for the Inspection
Committee’s plan to publish additional manuals
of Elevators, Escalators, and Moving Walks, rep-
to address inspection of other equipments such
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resents an editorial consolidation of the three


as roped-hydraulic elevators, dumbwaiters, manuals. The revised standard also includes
sidewalk elevators, private residence elevators, technical revisions, which have been approved
hand elevators, material lifts and dumbwaiters by the A17.1 Committee since the last publica-
with automatic transfer devices, special purpose tions.
personnel elevators, rack and pinion elevators, The following is a list of past editions and
inclined elevators, screw-column elevators, ele- supplements and the dates on which they re-
vators used for construction, wheelchair and ceived final approval. The dates of issuance are
stairway chairlifts, shipboard elevators, and also included for documents published since
rooftop elevators. 1979.

Editions and Supplements Approved Issued

First Edition ASA A17.2–1937 July 1937 )

Second Edition ASA A17.2–1945 October 22, 1945 )

Third Edition ASA A17.2–1960 August 10, 1960 )


Addenda ASA A17.2a–1965 July 29, 1965 )
Supplement USAS A17.2b–1967 July 7, 1967 )

Fourth Edition ANSI A17.2–1973 May 29, 1973 )

Fifth Edition ANSI A17.2–1979 February 18, 1979 May 15, 1979
Supplement ANSI A17.2a–1980 August 11, 1980 September 15, 1980
Supplement ANSI A17.2b–1981 November 23, 1981 January 15, 1982

Sixth Edition ANSI/ASME A17.2–1982 September 22, 1982 November 30, 1982
Supplement ANSI/ASME A17.2a–1983 September 23, 1983 December 20, 1983
Supplement ANSI/ASME A17.2b–1984 August 16, 1984 September 16,
1984

Seventh Edition ANSI/ASME A17.2–1985 July 23, 1985 October 31, 1985
Supplement ANSI/ASME A17.2a–1986 September 8, 1986 October 31, 1986
Supplement ANSI/ASME A17.2b–1987 September 11, 1987 October 30, 1987

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Editions and Supplements Approved Issued

Eight Edition ANSI/ASME A17.2–1988 August 25, 1988 October 31, 1988
Addenda ANSI/ASME A17.2a–1989 November 10, 1989 December 31, 1989
Addenda ANSI/ASME A17.2b–1990 October 8, 1990 January 21, 1991

First Edition ASME A17.2.1–1993 January 22, 1993 May 31, 1993
Addenda ASME A17.2.1a–1994 August 18, 1994 December 31, 1994
Addenda ASME A17.2.1b–1995 August 10, 1995 January 29, 1996

Second Edition ASME A17.2.1–1996 September 6, 1996 January 31, 1997


Addenda ASME A17.2.1a–1997 December 16, 1997 January 30, 1998
Addenda ASME A17.2.1b–1998 November 13, 1998 February 19, 1999

First Edition ASME A17.2.2–1994 April 14, 1994 May 31, 1994
Addenda ASME A17.2.2a–1995 August 10, 1995 January 10, 1996
Addenda ASME A17.2.2b–1996 September 6, 1996 December 31, 1996

Second Edition ASME A17.2.2–1997 November 18, 1997 December 31, 1997
Addenda ASME A17.2.2a–1998 November 13, 1998 February 5, 1999

First Edition ASME A17.2.3–1994 August 19, 1994 October 21, 1994
Addenda ASME A17.2.3a–1996 September 6, 1996 November 22, 1996
Addenda ASME A17.2.3b–1997 November 18, 1997 December 31, 1997

Second Edition ASME A17.2.3–1998 November 16, 1998 February 26, 1999
Addenda ASME A17.2.3a–2000 June 22, 2000 August 10, 2000

First Edition ASME A17.2–2001 October 4, 2001 December 31, 2001

xi
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ASME A17 ELEVATOR
AND ESCALATOR COMMITTEE
(October 2000)

STANDARDS COMMITTEE R. L. Phillips, Georgia Department of Labor


V. P. Robibero, Schindler Elevator Corp.
R. L. Seymour, Chair
A. Rehman, Alternate, Schindler Elevator Corp.
J. W. Coaker, Vice Chair
D. L. Steel, Vice Chair R. L. Seymour, Robert L. Seymour and Associates, Inc.
G. A. Burdeshaw, Secretary R. S. Seymour, Alternate, Robert L. Seymour and
Associates, Inc.

L. Bialy, Otis Elevator Co. C. F. Starmer, GAL Manufacturing


D. A. Witham, Alternate, GAL Manufacturing
B. D. Black, Eastern Paralyzed Veterans Association
D. L. Steel, David L. Steel Escalators
W. C. Burklund, Montgomery Kone, Inc.
D. L. Turner, Davis L. Turner & Associates
D. J. Camp, Dover Elevator Systems
R. S. Caporale, Alternate, Elevator World, Inc.
E. A. Donoghue, Edward A. Donoghue Associates
A. H. Verschell, Consulting Engineer
R. E. Droste, Consultant
C. E. Vlahovic, TSSA
R. T. Farley, NAESA International
C. H. Murphy, Alternate, Massachusetts Department of D. M. Winkle, IUEC Local #14
Public Safety
J. A. Filippone, Port Authority of New York and New
Jersey
J. H. Humphrey, Alternate, Port Authority of New York and
New Jersey Ex Officio Members
C. C. Fox, Rainbow Security Control Ltd. E. J. Crawford A. J. Saxer
G. W. Gibson, George W. Gibson and Associates, Inc. A. J. Marchant

H. E. Godwin, Jr., North Carolina Department of Labor


A. P. Juhasz, Montgomery Kone, Inc.
G. A. Kappenhagen, Schindler Elevator Corp.
M. P. Lamb, Alternate, Schindler Elevator Corp. Honorary Members
K. S. Lloyd, Abell Elevator International L. J. Blaiotta A. A. Mascone
S. K. Lloyd, Alternate, Abell Elevator International F. W. Bowman J. McAulay, Jr.
Z. R. McCain, Jr., McCain Engineering Associates, Inc. W. E. Chamberlain H. E. Peelle, Jr.
M. V. Farinola, Alternate, MV Farinola, Inc. B. J. Fanguy E. M. Philpot
R. A. Gregory, Alternate, Vertex Corp. W. J. Figiel R. L. Rogers
C. E. Hempel S. Wagoner
D. A. McColl, Otis Canada, Inc. C. L. Kort R. W. Young
J. L. Meyer, State of California, Division of Occupational
Safety and Health
E. F. Parvis, Fujitec America, Inc.
M. Boutelle, Alternate, Fujitec America, Inc.
H. E. Peelle III, The Peelle Co., Ltd. Regulatory Advisory Council
S. P. Reynolds, Alternate, The Peelle Co., Ltd. N. B. Martin J. R. Runyan

xii
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NATIONAL INTEREST REVIEW COMMITTEE CODE COORDINATION COMMITTEE
J. P. Andrew R. A. Molinari E. A. Donoghue, Chair G. W. Gibson
J. Antona N. J. Montesano R. Mohamed, Secretary G. A. Kappenhagen
L. C. Arnold T. S. Mowrey P. D. Armstrong M. J. Pfeiffer
W. Baehr J. Murphy L. Bialy D. S. Snyder
R. Barker F. G. Newman D. J. Camp W. J. Sterling
R. J. Blatz J. S. Nicksic P. Caploon R. D. Weber
M. A. Boyle J. J. O’Donoghue
J. E. Brannon D. J. O’Keefe III
W. J. Braun E. J. Orrico III
T. A. Bremer A. Patel
J. A. Caluori M. S. Peck
P. Caploon B. Y. Peyton DUMBWAITER AND ATD COMMITTEE
M. A. Chavez M. J. Pfeiffer H. E. Peelle III, Chair E. A. Donoghue
H. J. Clifford R. B. Pohlman, Jr.
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G. A. Burdeshaw, Secretary H. E. Peelle, Jr.


R. F. Dieter M. Poulin L. C. Arnold J. B. Peskuski
R. C. Duncan J. Powell R. Dolan E. J. Matot II, Alternate
S. M. Eisenman P. M. Puno
B. Faerber L. S. Rigby
J. J. Faup C. W. Rogler
S. E. Fisher J. R. Runyan
J. G. Gerk R. D. Schloss
L. A. Giovannetti S. Shanes EARTHQUAKE SAFETY COMMITTEE
R. E. Haukeness M. Shipley
H. H. Hayes H. Simpkins G. W. Gibson, Chair S. L. Wagner, Alternate
J. E. Herwig K. J. Smith J. Smith, Vice Chair N. E. Marchitto
J. Inglis M. L. Smith M. A. Brookes, Secretary J. L. Meyer
D. J. Jolly D. S. Snyder D. J. Camp W. C. Ribeiro
F. A. Kilian J. L. Stabler R. E. Droste A. J. Schiff
J. W. Koshak R. B. Sweeney R. E. Fleming
M. L. Lane D. A. Swerrie
M. R. Liberatore M. B. Taylor
M. A. Malek D. Tolar
J. J. Mancuso A. W. Whaley
C. C. Mann D. J. Wilson
EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
N. E. Marchitto W. J. Witt
N. B. Martin D. Younkin E. A. Donoghue, Chair J. A. Filippone
J. M. McKinley E. K. Zimpritsch D. McColl, Vice Chair C. E. Vlahovic
G. A. Burdeshaw, Secretary

B44.1/A17.5 ELEVATOR AND ESCALATOR


ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT COMMITTEE
H. E. Godwin, Jr., Chair M. L. Hite ELECTRICAL COMMITTEE
J. W. Blain J. M. Weber, Alternate A. P. Juhasz, Chair R. F. Hadaller
J. D. Busse S. J. Koinoff J. M. Weber, Alternate G. Henry
J. Caldwell M. R. Liberatore G. A. Burdeshaw, Secretary J. H. Hidaka
B. Colavecchio R. Mackenzie T. D. Barkand Y. C. Ho
J. H. Hidaka, Alternate A. Rehman J. W. Blain A. Rehman, Alternate
S. E. Fisher C. E. Vlahovic T. H. Nguyen, Alternate N. E. Marchitto
R. F. Hadaller J. D. Busse A. L. Peck
J. Caldwell R. B. Pohlman, Jr.
J. P. Donnelly P. M. Puno
R. E. Droste V. P. Robibero
R. C. Duncan C. E. Vlahovic
R. Elias M. Stergulc, Alternate
S. E. Fisher M. Yonemoto
H. E. Godwin, Jr. S. H. Grainer, Alternate

xiii

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ELEVATORS USED FOR CONSTRUCTION COMMITTEE EXISTING INSTALLATIONS COMMITTEE
R. A. Gregory, Chair C. C. Fox A. J. Saxer, Chair D. McColl
E. A. Donoghue R. L. Phillips L. M. Taylor, Vice Chair P. McPartland
E. S. Yoo, Secretary J. S. Nicksic
V. A. Amatulli G. Nyborg III
W. C. Burklund F. Padgett
J. H. Butler R. L. Phillips
E. A. Donoghue J. M. Pohlman
M. A. Fortin B. Pounders
EMERGENCY OPERATIONS COMMITTEE A. P. Gallo J. S. Rearick
R. A. Gregory D. S. Snyder
D. J. Camp, Chair D. McColl
H. H. Hayes G. Stiffler
M. A. Brookes, Secretary C. H. Murphy
B. R. Hines J. D. Carlisle, Jr., Alternate
P. Caploon T. F. Norton
A. P. Jolly C. E. Vlahovic
D. Chu J. J. O’Donoghue
M. L. Lane P. J. Welch
D. Cook R. B. Pohlman, Jr.
K. S. Lloyd L. E. White
E. A. Donoghue A. Rehman
S. K. Lloyd, Alternate
J. J. Faup L. F. Richardson
R. B. Fraser M. W. Bunker, Jr., Alternate
A. J. Gatfield J. B. Semple
R. F. Hadaller R. L. Seymour
R. E. Haukeness S. Shanes
H. Ickes C. F. Starmer
C. Koenig D. A. Witham, Alternate
M. Martin C. E. Vlahovic
J. C. Carlson, Alternate
HAND AND SIDEWALK ELEVATOR COMMITTEE

R. S. Caporale, Chair G. Greenberg


V. G. Bahna H. J. Macuga
J. P. Merkel, Alternate N. J. Montesano
E. A. Donoghue

ESCALATOR AND MOVING WALK COMMITTEE


D. L. Steel, Chair J. W. Kenneally
R. Schaeffer, Vice Chair M. R. Liberatore
R. Mohamed, Secretary J. J. Marcusky
P. E. Burge D. McColl
A. Rehman, Alternate T. G. Moskal
P. A. Carrajat T. R. Nurnberg
HOISTWAY COMMITTEE
R. A. Di Piero K. J. Smith, Alternate
S. H. Grainer E. F. Parvis L. M. Capuano, Chair U. S. Kharbanda
Y. Haruta, Alternate K. A. Apperson, Alternate D. McColl, Vice Chair P. Labadie
P. L. Hackett D. E. Rush M. A. Brookes, Secretary M. R. Liberatore
R. F. Hadaller D. S. Snyder L. Bialy J. E. Morrissey
K. G. Hamby D. L. Turner P. Winey, Alternate R. L. Phillips
H. H. Hayes C. E. Vlahovic L. J. Blaiotta R. Quinlan
G. A. Kappenhagen P. J. Welch D. J. Camp K. Uerling, Alternate
D. R. Evans, Alternate C. J. White G. B. Cassini A. Rehman
M. E. Jagoditz, Alternate S. P. Reynolds
F. R. Cooper S. W. Smith
E. A. Donoghue N. K. Tandon, Alternate
G. W. Gibson C. F. Starmer
H. J. Gruszynski D. A. Witham, Alternate
J. J. Urban, Alternate C. E. Vlahovic
EVACUATION GUIDE COMMITTEE R. F. Hadaller
J. L. Meyer, Chair E. A. Donoghue
R. S. Seymour, Vice Chair C. C. Fox
R. Mohamed, Secretary D. S. Snyder

xiv

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HYDRAULIC COMMITTEE LIMITED-USE/LIMITED-APPLICATION
G. A. Kappenhagen, Chair D. McColl ELEVATOR COMMITTEE
G. A. Burdeshaw, Secretary M. G. Miller B. D. Black, Chair E. J. Matot II
L. Bialy E. W. Rossman, Alternate D. C. Balmer, Vice Chair M. L. McDonald
P. Winey, Alternate R. V. Mistry E. S. Yoo, Secretary W. M. McKinley
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P. E. Burge T. S. Mowrey K. Brinkman C. H. Murphy


A. Rehman, Alternate L. S. Rigby R. G. Buonora M. W. Schumacher
C. C. Fox C. W. Rogler E. A. Donoghue A. H. Verschell
R. F. Hadaller W. M. Shrum, Jr. C. C. Fox R. B. Weber
H. A. Hammerstrom H. Simpkins G. A. Kappenhagen D. M. Winkle, Sr.
A. Jahn J. Strzelec
N. L. Keylin C. E. Vlahovic
M. R. Liberatore L. E. White

INCLINED ELEVATOR COMMITTEE MAINTENANCE, REPAIR, AND REPLACEMENT


COMMITTEE
A. H. Verschell, Chair R. Elias
J. R. Carrick H. H. Hayes Z. R. McCain, Jr., Chair D. McColl
R. A. Gregory, Vice Chair J. Murphy
E. S. Yoo, Secretary J. S. Nicksic
R. E. Baxter W. B. Pletch
J. A. Caluori A. Priestman
INSPECTORS’ MANUAL COMMITTEE J. J. DeLorenzi J. R. Quackenbush
E. A. Donoghue J. S. Rearick
K. S. Lloyd, Chair J. T. Herrity
M. V. Farinola A. Rehman
S. K. Lloyd, Alternate M. R. Liberatore
J. Filippone V. P. Robibero
W. F. Barkman, Vice Chair N. B. Martin
R. F. Hadaller M. D. Kao, Alternate
R. Mohamed, Secretary Z. R. McCain, Jr.
R. E. Haukeness A. Saxer
R. E. Baxter D. McColl
H. H. Hayes R. D. Schloss
R. J. Burke J. L. Meyer
A. S. Hopkirk D. S. Snyder
J. J. Knolmajer, Alternate J. Murphy
J. E. Jaster J. Strzelec
J. A. Caluori B. L. O’Neill
A. P. Jolly L. M. Taylor
J. W. Coaker D. C. Randall
K. S. Lloyd M. Tevyaw
C. E. Cunningham J. D. Rosenberger
S. K. Lloyd, Alternate C. E. Vlahovic
E. A. Donoghue R. D. Schloss
G. M. Losey D. M. Winkle, Sr.
M. V. Farinola R. S. Seymour
R. T. Farley G. Simard
J. A. Filippone D. S. Snyder
H. S. Frank J. Strzelec
R. F. Hadaller R. D. Troiano
H. H. Hayes C. E. Vlahovic

MECHANICAL DESIGN COMMITTEE


INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS COMMITTEE G. W. Gibson, Chair M. P. Lamb
L. Bialy, Vice Chair D. P. Kraft, Alternate
G. W. Gibson, Chair R. E. Droste G. Di Francesco, Alternate M. L. Lane
L. Bialy, Vice Chair R. T. Farley
D. J. Camp, Vice Chair A. A. Mascone
T. Derwinski, Alternate A. P. Juhasz M. A. Brookes, Secretary D. McColl
G. A. Burdeshaw, Secretary G. A. Kappenhagen R. J. Bolen T. G. Moskal
V. Q. Bates N. E. Marchitto
M. Boutelle A. Rehman
D. J. Camp D. L. Steel R. V. Mistry, Alternate W. C. Ribeiro
R. S. Caporale J. Strzelec R. E. Fleming D. S. Snyder
E. A. Donoghue D. L. Turner S. L. Wagner, Alternate M. B. Taylor
C. C. Fox C. E. Vlahovic
H. S. Frank S. P. Wurth
R. F. Hadaller

xv

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MINE ELEVATOR COMMITTEE RESIDENCE ELEVATOR COMMITTEE
A. J. Saxer, Chair D. C. Lewetag A. H. Verschell, Chair H. K. Inderdahl
T. D. Barkand, Vice Chair A. L. Martin E. S. Yoo, Secretary J. C. Lund, Alternate
E. S. Yoo, Secretary N. B. Martin D. C. Balmer M. E. Mahoney
C. D. Barchet H. E. Newcomb P. M. Bass S. L. Whittenburg, Alternate
B. Bertram D. J. Podobinski G. L. Harmon, Alternate M. L. McDonald
P. E. Fernatt J. K. Taylor K. Brinkman A. Norton, Alternate
M. G. Kalich P. Chance W. M. McKinley
R. Elias H. E. Peelle III
F. M. Hoch J. B. Peskuski
M. J. Holat R. L. Phillips

RACK AND PINION AND SPECIAL PURPOSE


PERSONNEL ELEVATOR COMMITTEE
A. J. Marchant, Chair R. E. Haukeness
E. P. Banke T. E. Meinen SHIPBOARD ELEVATOR COMMITTEE
P. E. Borders B. L. O’Neill E. J. Crawford, Chair M. R. Tilyou
G. A. Cox C. E. Vlahovic W. D. George
J. A. Harrison E. B. Wahlberg
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xvi

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PREFACE

FORM AND ARRANGEMENT X.X.4 Code references


X.X.4.1 Electric elevators (as applicable)
This Guide addresses how-to inspection
X.X.4.2 Hydraulic elevators (as applicable)
guidelines, techniques, and cautionary notes in
a logical sequence. Subsections are arranged When a requirement within A17.1 or A17.3
to focus on routine inspection requirements, cross-references another requirement, the
followed by periodic (annual and five year) and cross-reference is shown with the refering re-
acceptance criteria. Appropriate references to quirement in braces, { }. For the A17.1–2000
the latest edition of the Code, in effect at the and later edition requirements, where no direct
time of this Guide’s publication, are listed at cross-reference is found within the A17.1–2000
the end of each subsection. The referenced Cross-Reference Table, the prior code Rule
numbers may not be the same in earlier edi- (A17.1d–2000 and earlier editions) is shown in
tions. This Guide is organized as follows: Parts parentheses, ( ), with a preceding “NR” desig-
1 through 6 apply to electric and hydraulic nation.
elevators, Parts 7 and 8 apply to escalators, Subsection numbering of items may not be
and Parts 9 and 10 apply to moving walks. The sequential when there are no inspection or test
Parts are arranged to show the location of the procedures indicated within this Guide.
inspection:
NOTE: This Guide addresses the requirements of A17.1–
1955 and later editions and latest edition of A17.3. Some
Part 1 Elevator — Inside of Car requirements in earlier editions of A17.1 are also addressed.
Part 2 Elevator — Machine Room The inspector is referred to the particular edition of the
Part 3 Elevator — Top of Car A17.1 Code that applies for requirements prior to 1955.
Part 4 Elevator — Outside Hoistway
Part 5 Elevator — Pit This Guide has included the pertinent require-
Part 6 Elevator — Firefighters’ Service ment from prior editions of A17.1, which differ
Part 7 Escalator — External from the requirements in the latest edition. As
Part 8 Escalator — Internal the inspector becomes familiar with the pre-
Part 9 Moving Walk — External scribed order of inspection procedures, varia-
Part 10 Moving Walk — Internal tions may be appropriate. The Foreword, Pref-
ace, and Appendix that are included in this
Each inspection location is further subdivided document have been approved by the A17 Com-
as follows: mittee, but are not part of this American Na-
tional Standard.
X Location of inspection
X.X Item to be inspected NOTE: See also Application under the Introduction of this
X.X.1 Periodic inspection (routine) Guide.
X.X.1.1 Electric elevators (as applicable)
X.X.1.2 Hydraulic elevators (as applicable)
X.X.2 Periodic test
REQUIREMENTS FOR EXISTING
X.X.2.1 Electric elevators (as applicable)
INSTALLATIONS
X.X.2.2 Hydraulic elevators (as applicable)
X.X.3 Acceptance inspection Elevators and escalators in jurisdictions that
X.X.3.1 Electric elevators (as applicable) have adopted the Safety Code for Existing Eleva-
X.X.3.2 Hydraulic elevators (as applicable) tors and Escalators, ASME A17.3, and installa-

xvii

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ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS GUIDE
Abbreviation Unit Abbreviation Unit

A Ampere lb pound (mass)


°C degree Celsius lbf pound (force)
deg degree (angle) lx lux
°F degree Fahrenheit m meter
ft/min foot per minute m2 square meter
ft/s foot per second m3 cubic meter
ft foot mA milliampere
fc footcandle m/s meter per second
ft2 square foot m/s2 meter per second per second
ft3 cubic foot mm millimeter
ft/s2 foot per second per second mm2 square millimeter
h hour mm3 cubic millimeter
Hz hertz MPa megapascal
in. inch N Newton
in.2 square inch psi pound per square inch
in.3 cubic inch s second
kg kilogram V volt
kPa kilopascal

tions that have been altered in accordance with System; ASME Guide SI-1, Orientation and
Part XII of the Safety Code for Elevators and Guide for Use of SI (Metric) Units; or CAN/CSA-
Escalators ANSI/ASME A17.1d–1986 and later Z234-1, Canadian Metric Practice Guide.
editions must, as a minimum, conform to the
requirements identified in this Guide as “A17.3.”
If an existing installation does not meet the DEFINITIONS
requirements of the A17.3 Code, it must be
upgraded. If an existing installation was re- For definitions, see Section 3 of the ASME
quired to meet more stringent requirements, it A17.1d–2000 and earlier editions (Section 3.1,
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must continue to meet those requirements. A17.1–2000 and later editions).


Alteration, if made, must conform to the re-
quirements of A17.1, Part XII and the entire
installation must conform to the requirements ASME ELEVATOR PUBLICATIONS
of A17.3. The alteration requirements in A17.1,
This Guide is one of the numerous codes
Part XII may be more stringent than the require-
and standards that have been or are being
ments of A17.3. The equipment must conform
developed and published by the American Soci-
to the more stringent of the two.
ety of Mechanical Engineers. The following pub-
lications are of special interest to users of this
Guide. For prices and availability, contact:
METRIC (SI) UNITS
This edition of the Guide uses both imperial ASME Order Department
and metric (SI) units. The units used in the 22 Law Drive
Guide are the units found in the referenced Box 2300
code [e.g., imperial (metric) or metric (imperial)]. Fairfield, NJ 07007-2300
Information on the usage of SI units and conver- Tel: 800-843-2763
sion to imperial units is contained in IEEE/ASTM Fax: 973-882-1717
SI 10-1997, Standard for the Use of the Interna- E-Mail: infocentral@asme.org
tional System of Units (SI): The Modern Metric ASME Website: www.asme.org/catalog

xviii

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ASME A17.1 Safety Code for Elevators and Handbook on A17.1 Safety Code. This Hand-
Escalators. This American National Standard book augments the A17.1 Code with commen-
Safety Code covers the design, construction, tary diagrams and illustrations that are intended
installation, operation, testing, maintenance, al- to explain the requirements of the A17.1 Code.
teration, and repair of elevators, dumbwaiters, The commentary contained in the Handbook
escalators, moving walks, and material lifts and is the opinion of the author and has not been
dumbwaiters with automatic transfer devices. approved by the A17 Committee.
Inspection Checklists. The checklist forms QEI-1 Standard for the Qualification of Eleva-
shown in this book are published in convenient- tor Inspectors. This Standard covers require-
size pads. ments for the qualification and duties of inspec-
ASME A17.3 Safety Code for Existing tors and inspection supervisors engaged in the
inspection and testing of equipment within the
Elevators and Escalators. This Code covers ret-
scope of the A17.1 Code. It also includes require-
roactive requirements for existing elevators and
ments for the accreditation of organizations that
escalators. The purpose of this Code is to estab-
certify inspectors and inspection supervisors as
lish minimum requirements that will provide a
meeting the QEI criteria.
reasonable degree of safety for the general
ASME A18.1 Safety Standard for Platform
public. While many of these requirements will
Lifts and Stairway Chairlifts. This safety Stan-
also increase the degree of safety for the eleva- dard covers the design, construction, installa-
tor mechanic and inspector, this area has not tion, operation, inspection, testing, mainte-
been addressed at this time. nance, and repair of inclined stairway chairlifts
ASME A17.4 Guide for Emergency Personnel. and inclined and vertical platform lifts intended
This Guide for emergency personnel (fire, po- for transportation of a mobility impaired per-
lice, etc.), building owners, lessees, and building son only.
operating managers explains the proper proce-
dures to be used for the safe removal of passen-
gers from stalled cars.
CAN/CSA B44.1/ASME A17.5. This Standard CORRESPONDENCE WITH A17 COMMITTEE
covers driving machine controllers, logic con- ASME codes and standards are developed
trollers, operating devices, and accessories and maintained with the intent to represent
there to, for starting, stopping, regulating, con- the consensus of concerned interests. As such,
trolling, or protecting electric motors, genera- users of this and other ASME A17 codes and
tors, or other equipment for elevators, escala- standards may interact with the Committee by
tors, moving walks, dumbwaiters, and elevating requesting interpretations, proposing revisions,
devices for wheelchair lifts and stairway chair- and attending committee meetings. Correspon-
lifts. dence should be addressed to:
Published Interpretations. Interpretations of
the various A17 standards are published periodi- Secretary, A17 Standards Committee
cally. ASME International
Interpretations of A17.1 and A17.2 approved Three Park Avenue
by the A17 Committee from June 14, 1972 New York, NY 10016-5990
through June 1979 were published in a separate E-mail: infocentral@asme.org
book in 1980.
Starting with the 1981 edition of the Code, Proposing Revisions. Revisions are made peri-
interpretations are published with each new odically to the Guide to incorporate changes
edition and supplement of the applicable stan- that appear necessary or desirable, as demon-
dard. A compilation of Interpretations Nos. 2- strated by the experience gained from the appli-
13 (June 1979 – May 1989) has also been pub- cation of the procedures, and in order to con-
lished by ASME. form to developments in elevator technology.

xix

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Approved revisions will be published periodi- proval of a proprietary design or situa-
cally. tion. The inquirer may also include
The Committee welcomes proposals for revi- any plans or drawings that are neces-
sions to this Guide. Such proposals should be sary to explain the question; however,
as specific as possible: citing the Item num- they should not contain proprietary
ber(s), the proposed wording, and a detailed names or information.
description of the reasons for the proposal in- Requests that are not in this format will be
cluding any pertinent documentation. written in this format by the Committee prior
Requesting Interpretations. On request, the to being answered, which may inadvertently
A17 Committee will render an interpretation of change the intent of the original request.
any requirement of the Guide. Interpretations ASME procedures provide for reconsideration
can only be rendered in response to a written of any interpretation when or if additional infor-
request sent to the Secretary of the Standards mation that might affect an interpretation is
Committee. available. Further, persons aggrieved by an in-
The request for interpretation should be clear terpretation may appeal to the congnizant ASME
and unambiguous. It is further recommended committee or subcommittee. ASME does not
that the inquirer submits his request using the “approve,” “certify,” “rate,” or “endorse” any
following format: item, construction, proprietary device, or ac-
tivity.
Subject: Cite the applicable Item number(s)
Attending Committee Meetings. The A17
and a concise description.
Standards Committee and the various Working
Edition: Cite the applicable edition and supple-
Committees regularly hold meetings, all of
ment of the Guide for which the inter-
which are open to the public. Persons wishing
pretation is being requested.
to attend any meeting should contact the Secre-
Question: Phrase the question as a request for
tary of the Standards Committee.
an interpretation of a specific item
suitable for general understanding
and use, not as a request for an ap-

xx
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INTRODUCTION

SCOPE experience to recognize potential deficiencies


and to focus the inspection in those areas.
This Guide covers recommended inspection
This Guide uses the following format to de-
and testing procedures for electric and hydraulic
scribe the appropriate inspection and test:
elevators, escalators, and moving walks re-
(a) For inspections and tests performed in
quired to conform to the Safety Code for Eleva-
compliance with ASME A17.1d–2000 and earlier
tors and Escalators, A17.1–1955 and later edi-
editions:
tions and The Safety Code for Existing Elevators
(1) Routine: the examination and operation
and Escalators, A17.3. This Guide also addresses
of equipment at specified intervals by an inspec-
some requirements from editions of A17.1 prior
tor to check for compliance with the applicable
to 1955.
Code requirements.
NOTE: This Guide may not reflect the latest requirements (2) Periodic Tests: routine inspection and
in the current A17.1 and A17.3 Codes. tests plus additional detailed examination and
operation of equipment at specified intervals
witnessed by an inspector to check for compli-
ance with the applicable Code requirements.
(c) Acceptance: the initial inspection and
tests of new or altered equipment to check for
APPLICATION
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compliance with the applicable Code require-


This Guide is intended to assist qualified in- ments.
spectors performing routine inspections and (b) For inspections and tests performed in
witnessing periodic and acceptance inspections compliance with ASME A17.1–2000 and later
and tests. It is not intended to serve as a basis editions:
for government regulations. This Guide does not (1) Periodic Inspection: the examination and
contain information on handling discrepancies operation of equipment at specified intervals
noted during an inspection and test. The author- by an inspector to check for compliance with
ity having jurisdiction in their legislation adopt- the applicable Code requirements.
ing the Code is responsible for addressing this (2) Periodic Tests: the testing and detailed
subject. The acceptance inspection and testing examination and operation of equipment at
procedures apply only to the extent that they specified intervals witnessed by an inspector to
conform to the latest edition of the A17.1 Code. check for compliance with the applicable Code
The routine and periodic inspection and testing requirements.
procedures apply only to the extent that they (3) Acceptance: the initial inspection and
conform to the applicable Code requirements test of new or altered equipment to check for
that were in effect at the time of installation or compliance with the applicable Code require-
alteration. The inspection and testing proce- ments.
dures do not take into account local regulations The procedures in this Guide are recommen-
that may differ. dations only and are intended to illustrate a
It is recognized that inspectors will not be method of complying with the requirements
able to accomplish all the inspection procedures in ASME A17.1d–2000 and earlier editions and
specified in this Guide, during each inspection. A17.1–2000 and later editions, requirements 8.10
Qualified inspectors have the knowledge and and 8.11. The person performing the inspection

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INTRODUCTION ASME A17.2–2001

and test may employ other methods to demon- tions and A17.1–2000 and later editions, require-
strate compliance with the applicable code re- ments 8.10.1.1(c) and 8.11.1.1 to be certified by
quirement. Qualified inspectors have the knowl- an organization accredited by The American
edge and experience to recognize potential Society of Mechanical Engineers Qualifications
deficiencies and to focus the inspection where for Elevator Inspectors Committee in accordance
necessary. with the requirements set forth in the Standard
Where no inspection procedure is specified for the Qualification of Elevator Inspectors,
for routine inspections, it indicates that the Code ASME QEI-1 and be recognized by the authority
requirements need no explanation. This does having jurisdiction.
not indicate that no inspection of the specified
item is required. The item is to be inspected
for compliance with the applicable Code require-
ments.
PERSONAL SAFETY
Where, as an example, the periodic inspection
has no specified inspections, the inspections Inspectors are cautioned that many potential
specified under routine are to be used for the hazards exist in the inspection of elevators,
periodic inspection. If, as an example, the ac- escalators, and moving walks.
ceptance inspection has a test procedure that The inspector should be suitably clothed be-
differs from the test procedure specified under fore starting the inspection. Loose clothing, par-
periodic, the acceptance test procedure should ticularly neckties, should be avoided. Keep but-
be followed for acceptance inspection and the tons buttoned. The inspector should be
periodic test procedure should be followed for constantly alert for moving objects, and when
periodic inspections. on top of an elevator car, for hoistway projec-
This Guide contains inspection procedures tions such as beams, adjacent moving cars,
for compliance with the applicable Code only. cams, and other equipment attached or
A17.1d–2000 and earlier editions Rule 1000.2 mounted in the hoistway. The power supply
and A17.1–2000 and later editions requirements line disconnect switch should be opened,
8.10.1.2 and 8.11.1.2, reads in part “the inspec- locked, and tagged when it is desired to prevent
tion and test required by this Part are to deter- movement of the elevator, escalator, or moving
mine that the equipment conforms to the appli- walk or when inspecting electrical parts.
For elevators, when dual or attendant opera-
cable Code requirements at the time of
tion is provided, the changeover switch should
installation and any alteration.” This Guide con-
be in the position for operation from the car
tains no recommendations that exceed the re-
only. Before inspecting an elevator in a bank
quirements of A17.1d–2000 and earlier editions
of “Group Automatic Operation” elevators, have
Rule 1000.2 and A17.1–2000 and later editions
the elevator to be inspected disconnected from
requirements 8.10.1.2 and 8.11.1.2, and A17.3.
the group operation.
To facilitate making inspections and tests, Where means of communication is provided
sample checklists can be found in Appendix in the car, determine it is operative.
A of this Guide. The checklist Item numbers For escalators and moving walks, the inspec-
correspond to the Item numbers in this Guide. tors should be constantly alert for moving ob-
The checklist also contains appropriate A17.1 jects. Prior to entering either the upper or lower
and A17.3 references for each Item. pits, or truss, disconnect the electric power from
NOTE: See also Form and Arrangement under the Preface the driving machine and brake by opening the
of this Guide. stop switch or main line disconnect switch.
For additional safe practices, see “Safety Pre-
cautions” outlined in the applicable Items in
this Guide and the Elevator Industry Field Em-
ployees’ Safety Handbook and your employer’s
safety policies and procedures.
QUALIFICATIONS OF INSPECTORS
NOTE: The Elevator Industry Field Employees’ Safety Hand-
Inspectors and inspection supervisors are re- book is available from Elevator World, P.O. Box 6507,
quired by ASME A17.1d–2000 and earlier edi- Mobile, Alabama 36606 (http://safety.elevator-world.com/).

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ASME A17.2–2001 INTRODUCTION

Prior to removing the unit from service for the following arrangements prior to an inspec-
inspection, both ends of the escalator or moving tion or test:
walk must be safely barricaded. Extreme caution (a) Provide qualified personnel for periodic
should be taken when mounting and riding an and acceptance inspections and tests to perform
escalator or moving walk that has a step re- the tests specified in the applicable code or
moved. The removed step or pallet should be regulations.
in front of the inspector at all times. (b) Have a person familiar with the operation
When standing on the escalator or moving of the elevator available to accompany and
walk prior to starting the unit, grasp the handrail assist during the inspections. The inspector
and brace for any thrust. Whenever possible, should be accompanied by a person familiar
run the unit in the up direction. Close inspec- with the operation of the equipment to assist
tions should not be attempted until the unit is him during his inspections.
stopped, power is removed from the driving
machine and brake, and the main line switch
is properly tagged and locked out.

RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT
(a) Routine (and Periodic under A17.1–2000
DUTIES OF INSPECTORS and later editions) Inspection and Tests. The
following equipment is recommended:
The duties of inspectors are:
(1) flashlight with a nonconductive case;
(a) when witnessing acceptance inspections
(2) 6 ft (2 m) rule of nonconductive material;
and tests of new or altered installations, to
(3) set of thick gages;
determine whether all parts of the installation
(4) small hammer, preferably a 1⁄2 lb (0.2
conform to the requirements of the applicable
kg) ball peen;
code or regulations and whether the required
(5) chalk or crayon;
safety devices function as required;
(6) small metal mirror;
(b) when making routine and/or periodic in-
(7) safety hat (nonconductive);
spections and tests, to determine that the equip-
(8) copy of the latest applicable codes and
ment conforms to the applicable Code edition
standards (i.e., A17.1, A17.3, ANSI/NFPA 70,
(edition which it was installed, A17.3 and local

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etc.);
requirements) and that alterations conform with
(9) copy of the applicable local regulations;
Code requirements. Determine that periodic
(10) copy of the latest edition of the Elevator
tests performed by the owner or his agent are
Industry Filed Employees’ Safety Handbook;
conducted in accordance with Code require-
(11) copy of the checklist as contained in this
ments and results of these tests demonstrate
Guide;
Code compliance.
(12) padlock, multiple lock device, and “Do
(c) to report the results of inspections and
Not Start” tags;
tests in accordance with applicable local regula-
(13) caliper;
tions.
(14) telescoping pointer with an alligator clip;
It is not the function or duty of inspectors to
(15) other items such as an eraser, kitchen
make any repairs or adjustments to the equip-
spatula, etc. (for escalators and moving walks).
ment, nor to recommend methods or proce-
(b) Periodic and Acceptance Inspection and
dures for correction of deficiencies.
Tests. In addition to the equipment specified
for routine inspections, the following should be
provided by the owner or contractor;
(1) stop watch;
(2) 50 ft (15 m) nonconductive tape;
ARRANGEMENT FOR INSPECTION (3) tachometer, which reads directly in ft/
The inspecting authority or the inspector min;
should request the owner or his agent to make (4) meter, to check grounding continuity,

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INTRODUCTION ASME A17.2–2001

correct phasing and verification of voltages, AC/ TABLE 1 PROCUREMENT INFORMATION


DC amps, and resistance; Organization Address and Phone Number
(5) level, 30 deg/60 deg triangle, and pro-
tractor or angle finder; ANSI American National Standards Institute,
(6) door test scale (gage) to check closing Inc.
11 West 42nd Street
door force; New York, New York 10036
(7) suitable test weights; Telephone: (212) 642-4900
(8) a light meter that can accurately mea-
sure light level from 0.2 fc to 10 fc (2.2 lx to ASME The American Society of Mechanical
108 lx); Engineers
Three Park Avenue
(9) dynamometer; New York, New York 10016-5990
(10) copy of all pertinent drawings, specifica- Telephone: (212) 591-8500
tion, data sheets, and required test procedures; http://www.asme.org
(11) transceiver;
(12) come-along and “Chicago” grip or mid- ASME Order Department
22 Law Drive
line rope clamps; Box 2300
(13) “Out of Service” signs and/or barricades Fairfield, New Jersey 07007-2300
at hoistway doors/top and bottom of escalator; Telephone: (201) 882-1167
(14) device for testing smoke detectors; (800) 843-2763
(15) no. 16-gage copper wire;
ASTM American Society for Testing and
(16) keys for access and operation of all ele- Materials
vator equipment; 100 Barr Harbor Drive
(17) hydraulic jack and 4 x 4; W. Conshohocken, Pennsylvania
(18) plumb line (for escalators); 19428-2959
(19) torque wrench (for escalators); Telephone: (610) 832-9500

NOTE: If iron counterweight sections are used as test CSA Canadian Standards Association
weights and scales are not available to accurately determine 178 Rexdale Boulevard
their weight in pounds, their approximate weight can be Etobicoke, Ontario M9W1R3 Canada
determined by multiplying the product of the length, Telephone: (416) 747-4000
breadth, and thickness in inches by 0.26. If weights are
lead, multiply by 0.41. If weights are steel, multiply by 0.28. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Deduct for volume of any holes or slots. Engineers, Inc.
445 Hoes Lane
P.O. Box 1331
Piscataway, New Jersey 08855-1331
Telephone: (800) 678-4333

REFERENCE DOCUMENTS NFPA National Fire Protection Association


1 Batterymarch Park
Table 1 lists the organizations from which P.O. Box 9101
documents referenced in this book can be pro- Quincy, Massachusetts 02269-9101
Telephone: (617) 770-3000
cured.

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PART 1
ELEVATOR — INSIDE OF CAR

ITEM 1.1 determined by an examination of the equip-


DOOR REOPENING DEVICE ment. While the car and hoistway doors are
being closed, obstruct the beam which should
1.1.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier cause the doors to stop and reopen. This type
Editions) of device is usually installed in addition to a
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and mechanical or electronic reopening device.
Later Editions)
1.1.2 Periodic Test
For elevators installed under A17.1–1955
through A17.1d–1975, power opening of the car 1.1.3 Acceptance
door was permitted to take place anywhere
in the hoistway. For elevators installed under 1.1.4 References
A17.1e–1975, power opening of the car door
1.1.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
was permitted to take place only within the
earlier editions — Section 112 and Rule
landing zone.
1001.2(a)(1).
CAUTION: In any of the following tests where the inspector A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
uses an object to test the reopening device, the object ments 2.13 and 8.11.2.1.1(a).
must not be inserted when the door is nearing its fully A17.3 — Section 2.8.
closed position.
1.1.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
(a) Mechanical Reopening Device (Safety earlier editions — Section 112 {Rule 300.13};
Edge). Actuate the device while the doors are and Rules 1001.2(a)(1), and 1004.2(a)(1).
being closed and note whether car and hoistway A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
doors stop and reopen. For vertically sliding ments 2.13 {3.13}; and 8.11.2.1.1(a) and
car doors or gates, a stop and reopen is not 8.11.3.1.1(a).
required for obstructions within 5 in. (127 mm) A17.3 — Section 2.8.
of the sides of the opening.
(b) Electronic Reopening Device. Place an ob-
ject in front of the leading edge of the car door
at various positions while it is being closed.
The car and hoistway doors should stop and ITEM 1.2
reopen. For vertically sliding car doors or gates, STOP SWITCHES
a stop and reopen is not required for obstruc-
1.2.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
tions within 5 in. (127 mm) of the sides of the
Editions)
opening.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
(c) Photoelectric Reopening Device. To qualify
Later Editions)
as a reopening device that complies with the
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Code, the device must sense the presence of An emergency stop switch must be provided
the obstruction anywhere within the opening on freight elevators and existing passenger ele-
along the leading edge of the car door. Deter- vators with perforated enclosures. An emer-
mine the location of the light beam or beams gency stop switch or in-car switch must be
with relation to the car floor. Where an invisible provided on passenger elevators.
beam is used, the position of the beam can be (a) Emergency Stop Switch. Operate the

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1.2.1–1.3.1.2 ASME A17.2–2001

emergency stop switch and note whether the verify that they do not stick or bind, are properly
car stops promptly. On elevators installed under marked, and that the car stops when the op-
A17.1–1980 and later editions, the stop switch erating device is released.
should also activate an audible signaling device. (b) Automatic Operation and Signal Opera-
On elevators installed under A17.1a–1982 and tion. Operate the car, making stops in both the
later editions, an emergency stop switch is re- up and down direction. At each stop, open the
quired to be located in or adjacent to each car car door or gate and note the relation of the
operating panel. Passenger elevators with non- car platform sill to the landing sill. Note op-
perforated car enclosures may be equipped with erating push buttons work properly.
an in-car stop switch in lieu of the emergency (c) Hand Rope, Lever, Wheel, or Crank Opera-
stop switch. tion. This type of operation is prohibited for
(b) In-Car Stop Switch. Passenger elevators elevators installed under A17.1–1955 and later
installed under A17.1d–1986 and later editions editions and by A17.3.
do not require an in-car emergency stop switch (d) Dual and Attendant Operation. Where the
but do require an in-car stop switch. The in- elevator can be operated at times only from
car stop switch must be key operated or behind the car and at times as an automatic elevator
a locked panel. Check the operation of this (dual or attendant operation), check the opera-
switch by placing it in the stop position and tion under both operating conditions.
attempt to operate the car by the normal means. (e) Emergency Release Switch in Car. Emer-
gency release switches that permit operation
1.2.2 Periodic Test with the car door or gate open and other perma-
nent devices that render door interlocks and
1.2.3 Acceptance
door or gate electric contacts inoperative are
1.2.4 References not permitted under A17.1–1955 and later edi-
tions or by A17.3.
1.2.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 210.2(e), 210.2(v), and 1.3.1.1 Electric Elevators
1001.2(a)(2). (a) Car Leveling and Truck Zoning Device.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- When an automatic leveling device is provided,
ments 2.26.2.5, 2.26.2.21, and 8.11.2.1.1(b). the accuracy of stopping in both directions of
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.10.4(t) and 3.10.4(u). travel should be noted at each landing. A level-
ing tolerance may be required by an accessibility
1.2.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and or handicapped code. Where inching buttons
earlier editions — Rules 306.4(b)(1), 306.4(b)(6), are provided, test them to determine that they
and 1004.2(a)(2). will operate the car only within the zone allowed
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-

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by the Code. While the car is leveling, operate
ments 3.26.4.2(a), 3.26.4.2(f), and 8.11.3.1.1(b). the emergency or in-car stop switch as outlined
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.10.4(t) and 3.10.4(u) in Item 1.2.1. This should stop the car.
{4.7.4}.
NOTE [Item 1.3.1.1(a)]: Leveling devices cannot be expected
to stop the car exactly level with the landing sill.

(b) Car-Switch Operation. Operate the car


ITEM 1.3 switch to determine whether the operating han-
dle returns to the stop position and latches in
OPERATING CONTROL DEVICES
this position when the hand is removed. Note
1.3.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier any evidence of excessive friction, or weakened
Editions) or broken centering springs.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
1.3.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators
Later Editions)
(a) Car Leveling and Truck Zoning Device.
(a) Continuous-Pressure Operation. Operate When an automatic leveling device is provided,
the car in each direction by means of the op- the accuracy of stopping in both directions of
erating buttons or other devices in the car to travel should be noted at each landing. A level-

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ASME A17.2–2001 1.3.1.2–1.4.1.2.1

ing tolerance may be required by an accessibility or bolts. Check the operation of the hinged car-
or handicapped code. Where inching buttons platform sill electric contact.
are provided, test them to verify that they will (b) Hinged Hoistway Landing Sills
operate the car only within the zone allowed (1) Visually examine the sill plate for cracks,
by the Code. While the car is leveling, operate wear, broken welds, or loose rivets. Check the
the emergency or in-car stop switch as outlined area under the sill for foreign material, which
in Item 1.2.1. would prevent proper operation at the landing.
(2) Check all bolts on the counterweight
NOTE [Item 1.3.1.1(a)]: Leveling devices cannot be expected
to stop the car exactly level with the landing sill. housing and stop angles. Inspect the ropes or
chains that connect the sill to the counterweight.
Check pivot points and sheaves for wear and
1.3.2 Periodic Test proper lubrication. Check the operation of the
1.3.3 Acceptance hinged hoistway landing sill. It should be possi-
ble to lower the hinged sill only when the
1.3.4 References hoistway door is fully opened.
1.3.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 210.1a, 210.1e, and 1.4.1.1 Electric Elevators
1001.2(a)(3).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 1.4.1.1.1 Sills and Car Floor. Determine the
ments 2.26.1.1, 2.26.1.6, and 8.11.2.1.1(c). condition of the car floor and car and landing
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.10.1, 3.10.2, and 3.10.7. sills. Look especially for damage to floors and
1.3.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and sills as well as loose sills. Check the clearance
later editions — Rules 210.1a {306.1}, 306.3, and between the car and landing sills. See Table
1004.2(a)(3). 3.14.3(a).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- A floating platform is not permitted by
ments 2.26.1.1 {3.26.1}, 3.26.3, and 8.11.3.1.1(c). A17.1a–1957 and later editions or by A17.3. A
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.10.1 and 3.10.2 {Section floating platform is a car platform that permits
4.7}, and 3.10.9 {4.7.6}. operation of the car with the car gate or door
open.
Elevator systems may, however, use isolated
platform construction that may have load
weighing signaling devices. Such use is not
ITEM 1.4 prohibited. Try operating the car from the land-
SILLS AND CAR FLOOR ing operating device with a load of 30 lb (13.6
kg) on the platform with the car gate or door
1.4.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
in the open position. This test is to be repeated
Editions)
with the test load placed in various locations.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
The car should not operate under such condi-
Later Editions
tions.
(a) Hinged Car Platform Sills
(1) Visually examine the sill plate for cracks,
1.4.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators
wear, broken welds, or loose rivets. Check the
area under the sill for foreign material, which
would prevent proper operation at the landing. 1.4.1.2.1 Sills and Car Floor. Determine the
(2) Check all bolts on the counterweight condition of the car floor and car and landing
housing and stop angles. Inspect the ropes or sills. If a floating platform is found, refer to
chains that connect the sill to the counterweight. 1.4.1.1.1 for instructions. Look especially for
Check pivot points and sheaves for wear and damage to floors and sills as well as loose sills.
proper lubrication. Check the clearance between the car and landing
(3) Inspect the hand lever and linkage for sills for compliance with the Code. See Table
excess wear, and loose or missing cotter pins 3.14.3(a).

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1.4.2–1.5.4.1 ASME A17.2–2001

1.4.2 Periodic Test (b) Standby (Emergency) Illumination.


A17.1b–1968 and later editions, and A17.3, re-
1.4.3 Acceptance quire standby (emergency) illumination of pas-
Check that landing sills are substantially flush senger elevator cars in case of failure of the
with the floor surface of the landings and the normal car lighting power supply. When emer-
sill does not present a tripping hazard. Changes gency lighting is supplied, check its operation
in level up to 1⁄4 in. (6 mm) may be vertical by disconnecting the normal lighting supply.
and without edge treatment. Changes in level Where the standby (emergency) lighting is sup-
between 1⁄4 in. (6 mm) and 1⁄2 in. (13 mm) must plied by batteries, check that such batteries are
be beveled, and changes in level above 1⁄2 in. in good condition and properly maintained, and
(13 mm) must be ramped. that any recharging equipment is operable.
Check that the emergency power supply is lo-
1.4.4 References cated on each elevator.
1.4.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
1.5.2 Periodic Test: Yearly Test (for A17.1d–
earlier editions — Rules 108.1, 110.10d, 110.11a,
2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1
110.13a, 203.16, 210.12, and 1001.2(a)(4).
Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions)
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.5.1, 2.11.10.3, 2.11.11.1, 2.11.13.1, Car lamps and diffusers, if provided, should
2.15.16, (NR 210.12), and 8.11.2.1.1(d). be in place for all safety and buffer tests. They
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.3.3 and 3.3.4. must remain in place during the test. Where
ANSI A117.1. there is a question as to the adequate capacity
of the emergency power supply, an endurance
1.4.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
test should be made.
earlier editions — Rules 108.1 {300.9}, 110.10d
{300.11}, 110.11a, 110.13a, 203.16 {301.6}, 210.12,
and 1004.2(a)(4). 1.5.3 Acceptance
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- When the hoistway doors are closed, the Code
ments 2.5.1 {3.5}, 2.11.10.3 {3.11}, 2.11.11.1, requires a minimum illumination at the landing
2.11.13.1, 2.15.16 {3.15}, (NR 210.12), and edge of the car door sill of 5 fc (54 lx) for
8.11.3.1.1(d). passenger elevator and 21⁄2 fc (27 lx) for freight
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.3.3 and 3.3.4 {4.2.2}. elevators. If there is any question as to whether
ANSI A117.1. the illumination is adequate, require that light
intensity readings be taken.
Determine whether glass has been installed
and guarded to provide adequate protection for
passengers in case the glass panels break or
ITEM 1.5 become dislodged. Glass panels and their struc-
CAR LIGHTING AND RECEPTACLES ture must be capable of withstanding the re-
1.5.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier quired elevator tests without damage.
Editions Check if glass exceeding 1 ft2 (0.093 m2) in
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and area and abutting panels whose total area is
Later Editions) greater than 1 ft2 (0.093 m2) meet the require-
ments for laminated glass in ANSI Z97.1.
(a) Normal Illumination. Examine lighting fix- Car lights may be turned off automatically.
tures to determine whether they are securely A17.1b–1989 and later editions specify certain
fastened. At least two lamps must be provided. conditions that must be met before lights can
Examine the electric lighting fixtures to verify be automatically turned off.
that bulbs or tubes are guarded to prevent injury
to persons in the event of breakage. If the light
1.5.4 References
diffuser is of the open “egg-crate” type, the
bulbs must have a protective coating to prevent 1.5.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
shattering if broken. earlier editions — Rules 204.7 and 1001.2(a)(5).

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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ASME A17.2–2001 1.5.4.1–1.7.1

A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- automatic elevators. They are also required to
ments 2.14.7 and 8.11.2.1.1(e). operate in case of failure of the normal building
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.4.5 and 3.4.6. power supply.
1.5.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and 1.6.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check the opera-
earlier editions — Rules 301.7 and 1004.2(a)(5). tion of the audible signaling device (alarm) and
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- means of two-way conversation or telephone,
ments 3.14 and 8.11.3.1.1(e). whichever is supplied. Where the emergency
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.4.5 and 3.4.6 {4.2.3}. power supply for these signal means is supplied
by batteries, check that such batteries are in
good condition and are being properly main-
tained.

1.6.2 Periodic Test: Yearly Test (for A17.1d–


ITEM 1.6 2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1
CAR EMERGENCY SIGNAL Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions)
1.6.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier When there is a question as to the adequate
Editions) capacity or condition of the emergency power
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and supply, a test should be made.
Later Editions)
1.6.3 Acceptance
Elevators installed under A17.1–1955 through
A17.1b–1980, which are operated without a des- 1.6.4 References
ignated attendant, must be provided with an
emergency signal audible outside the hoistway, 1.6.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
or with a telephone. earlier editions — Rules 211.1 and 1001.2(a)(6).
All elevators installed under A17.1b–1980 and A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
later editions and A17.3 are required to have ments 2.27.1 and 8.11.2.1.1(f).
emergency signaling devices. A17.1–1991 and A17.3 — Paragraph 3.11.1.
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

later editions require that the switch marked 1.6.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
“ALARM” be illuminated when activated and earlier editions — Rules 211.1 {306.11} and
that elevators with a travel greater than 100 ft 1004.2(a)(6).
(30.4 m) be provided with a second audible A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
signaling device at the designated level. Operate ments 2.27.1 {3.27} and 8.11.3.1.1(f).
the audible signaling device (alarm) and the A17.3 — Paragraph 3.11.1 {4.7.8}.
means of two-way conversation. Disconnect the
normal power source to check that the emer-
gency power source will operate the lighting,
alarm, and means of two-way conversation. In
buildings that do not have someone in continu- ITEM 1.7
ous attendance, check the outdoor signal or CAR DOOR OR GATE
means of conversation with outside emergency
1.7.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
service. Elevators installed under A17.1–1955
Editions)
through A17.1a–1979 are required to have an
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
emergency signaling device only if the car is
Later Editions)
operated at any time without a designated oper-
ator in the car. (a) Examination of Doors or Gates. Examine
A17.1b–1968 through A17.1–1971 require the car door or gates and note any broken,
means of two-way conversation on automatic bent, or sprung members. Operate doors or
elevators having a travel of 65 ft (19.8 m) or gates to verify that they operate freely and
more or a distance exceeding 15 ft (4.5 m) that bottom sill-guide tracks or bottom guiding
between landings. A17.1–1978 and later editions members are in place, securely fastened, and
require means of two-way conversation on all are not worn enough to permit the doors or

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1.7.1–1.8.4.2 ASME A17.2–2001

gates to come out of their tracks at any position A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
of their travel. Collapsible-type gates are not ments 2.12.7.3 {3.12}, 2.13.2.1 {3.13}, 2.14.4
permitted on passenger elevators installed un- through 2.14.6 {3.14}, 2.26.2 (2.26.2.15), {3.26.4},
der A17.1a–1988 and later editions. If collapsible and 8.11.3.1.1(g).
gates are power operated, check that power A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.4.2 and 3.4.3 {4.2.3};
opening is limited. Check finger guards on col- and Appendix A.
lapsible gates.
(b) Test for Closed Position. With the hoistway
doors or gates in the closed position, check the
closed position of the car doors or gates as
outlined in Item 4.2.1(b) for hoistway door or
gate interlocks. A door or gate is considered
to be in the closed position when the clear ITEM 1.8
open space between the leading edge of the DOOR CLOSING FORCE
door or gate and the nearest face of the jamb
or sill does not exceed 2 in. (51 mm) or, in the 1.8.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
case of biparting doors, when the door panels Editions)
are within 2 in. (51 mm) of contact with each Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
other. Later Editions)
(c) Location of Car Doors or Gates. A17.3
To test the door closing force, park the car
specifies the maximum distance from the face
at floor level and start the doors in the closing
of the car door or gate to the face of the
direction. Allow the doors to close between
hoistway door. Where the distance is exceeded,
one-third and two-thirds of their normal travel
verify that space guards are provided on either
and stop them. Push a force measuring device
car or hoistway doors, and that sight guards
with a range appropriate to measure 30 lbf (133
are provided for horizontally sliding hoistway
N) against the stopped door, removing the stop
doors. Take measurements to confirm compli-
so the door is held stationary by the force
ance with these requirements.
measuring device. Slowly back off on the device

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
1.7.2 Periodic Test until the point the door just starts to move. At
this point, the door and measuring forces are
1.7.3 Acceptance in equilibrium and the force can be read.

Verify that the car door or gate electric con-


tacts are inaccessible from inside the car. Verify 1.8.2 Periodic Test
that the distance from the face of the car door
or gate to the face of the hoistway door does 1.8.3 Acceptance
not exceed the Code requirements.
1.8.4 References
1.7.4 References
1.7.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and 1.8.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 112.2a, 204.4, 204.5, earlier editions — Rules 112.4(b), 1001.2(a)(8),
204.6, 210.2(q), and 1001.2(a)(7). and 1002.2h.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.13.2.1, 2.14.4, 2.14.5, 2.14.6, 2.26.2 ments 2.13.4.2.3, 8.11.2.1.1(h), and 8.11.2.2.8.
(2.26.2.15), and 8.11.2.1.1(g). A17.3 — Paragraph 2.8.1.
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.4.2 and 3.4.3 and Ap-
1.8.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
pendix A.
earlier editions — Rules 112.4(b), 301.7, and
1.7.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and 1004.2(a)(8).
earlier editions — Rules 111.7(c) {300.12}, 112.2a A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
{300.13}, 204.4 through 204.6 {301.7}, 210.2(q) ments 2.13.4.2.3, 3.14, and 8.11.3.1.1(h).
{306.4}, and 1004.2(a)(7). A17.3 — Paragraph 2.8.1 {Section 4.1}.

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ASME A17.2–2001 ITEM 1.9–1.10.2.2

ITEM 1.9 performing the test must demonstrate that


POWER CLOSING OF DOORS power is not applied to open the doors when
OR GATES the car is more than 12 in. (305 mm) from
the landing. Verify that the car is stopped or
1.9.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier substantially level with the landing before the
Editions) hoistway door is fully open. Also, see Fig. 1.10.2.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
(b) 5-Year Test of Leveling Zone and Leveling
Later Editions)
Speed (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions);
Where a door open button is provided, check Category 5 Test of Leveling Zone (for A17.1–
that when depressed and the door is closing it 2000 and Later Editions). Check that the zone
causes the door to stop or to stop and reopen. in which the leveling device will move the car
Where sequence closing is provided on verti- toward the landing does not exceed 30 in. (762
cally sliding door, check its operation. mm) for an automatic device or 10 in. (254 mm)
for a manual device. The leveling speed is not
1.9.2 Periodic Test
permitted to exceed 150 ft/min (0.76 m/s).
1.9.3 Acceptance For static control elevators, installed under
A17.1a–1988 and later editions, the person or
1.9.4 References firm installing or maintaining the elevator must
1.9.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and provide a written checkout procedure, and dem-
earlier editions — Rules 112.3 and 1001.2(a)(9). onstrate to the authority having jurisdiction that
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- the leveling speed with the doors open is limited
ments 2.13.3 and 8.11.2.1.1(i). to a maximum of 150 ft/min (0.76 m/s) and
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.8.2. that the limiting (or speed monitor) means is
1.9.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and independent of the operation of the normal
earlier editions — Rules 112.3 {300.13} and means to control this speed.
1004.2(a)(9).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 1.10.2.1 Electric Elevators. 5-Year Test of In-
ments 2.13.3 {3.13} and 8.11.3.1.1(i). ner Landing Zone (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.8.2 {Section 4.1}. Editions); Category 5 Test of Inner Landing Zone
(for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). On static
control elevators, installed under A17.1a–1988
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and later editions, the person or firm installing


ITEM 1.10 or maintaining the equipment is required to
POWER OPENING OF DOORS submit a written procedure and demonstrate
OR GATES that the zone in which the car can move with
the doors open is no more than 3 in. (76 mm)
1.10.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier above or below the landing.
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions) 1.10.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators. For static control
elevators, installed under A17.1a–1988 and later
1.10.2 Periodic Test editions, the person or firm installing or main-
(a) 5-Year Test, Advance Power Opening (for taining the elevator must provide a written
A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 5 checkout procedure, and demonstrate to the
Test, Advance Power Opening (for A17.1–2000 authority having jurisdiction that the leveling
and Later Editions). Verify that power opening speed with the doors open is limited to a maxi-
of the doors can occur only when the car is mum of 150 ft/min (0.76 m/s) and that the
within 18 in. (457 mm) of the landing. In the limiting (or speed monitor) means is indepen-
case of static control, installed under A17.1– dent of the operation of the normal means to
1988 and later editions, the person or firm control this speed.

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FIG. 1.10.2 ASME A17.2–2001

Truck Zone
66 in. Car allowed to move with doors open
(Requirements 2.12 and 2.26.1.6)

Landing Zone (Automatic Operation Elevators)


Horizontal slide or swing doors must be closed
mechanically when outside of this zone
(Requirements 1.3 and 2.11.3)
Distance
car sill is Unlocking Zone (Maximum)

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
above landing Opening of car and/or hoistway doors permitted
30 in. (Requirements 2.11.6, 2.12, and 2.14.5.7)

Inner Landing Zone (Static Controls)


Car may not move if stopped outside of this zone
unless doors are fully closed
18 in.
(Requirement 2.26.1.6.7)

Unlocking Zone (Minimum)


12 in. Manual opening of car and hoistway doors required
10 in. (Requirements 2.12 and 2.14.5.7)

3 in.
1 in.
Landing Landing

1 in.
3 in.
Anticreep Leveling Zone (Hydraulic Elevators)
Anticreep leveling device shall maintain car within
this zone
10 in.
(Requirement 3.26.3)
12 in.
Distance
car sill is Leveling Zone (Manual Leveling) Power opening of
below landing doors permitted
18 in. (Requirements 2.12.3.1, 2.13.2.1, and 2.26.1.6)

Leveling Zone (Automatic Leveling With Static Controls)


Initiation of power opening of doors permitted
(Requirements 2.12.3.1, 2.13.2, and 2.26.1.6)
30 in.

Leveling Zone (Automatic Leveling Without Static Controls)


Door opening cannot occur outside of unlocking zone.
Initiation of power opening of doors permitted
(Requirements 2.12.3.1, 2.13.2, and 2.26.1.6)
GENERAL NOTES:
(a) Refer to Requirement numbers for details.
(b) 1 in. p 25.4 mm
(c) Refer to applicable edition of the Code.

FIG. 1.10.2 DOOR OPERATION RELATIVE TO CAR POSITION

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ASME A17.2–2001 1.10.3–1.12.1

1.10.3 Acceptance 1.11.2 Periodic Test

1.10.4 References
1.11.3 Acceptance
1.10.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
When a glass door is provided, check the
earlier editions — Rules 111.12, 210.1e, 210.9c,
type of glass, thickness, minimum surface area,
1001.2(a)(10), 1002.3g, 1002.3h, and 1002.3i.
and edging.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments (NR 111.12), 2.26.1.6, 2.26.9 (2.26.9.3), 1.11.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. When 80% of
8.11.2.1.1(j), 8.11.2.3.7, 8.11.2.3.8, and 8.11.2.3.9. the surface area of the door is glass, it is
1.10.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 classified as a glass door.
and earlier editions — Rules 111.5 {300.12},
210.1e, 210.9(c), 306.3, and 1004.2(a)(10). 1.11.4 References
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.12.5 {3.12}, 2.26.1.6, 2.26.9 (2.26.9.3), 1.11.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
3.26.3, and 8.11.3.1.1(j). earlier editions — Rules 204.2e, 204.5i, and
1001.2(a)(11).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.14.2.5, 2.14.5.8, and 8.11.2.1.1(k).
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.4.2 and 3.4.3.

1.11.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000


and earlier editions — Rules 204.2e and 204.5i
{301.7}, and 1004.2(a)(11).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ITEM 1.11 ments 2.14.2.5, 2.14.5.8 {3.14}, and 8.11.3.1.1(k).
CAR VISION PANELS AND GLASS A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.4.2 and 3.4.3 {4.2.3}.
CAR DOORS
1.11.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions) ITEM 1.12
If the glass in the door panel is less than CAR ENCLOSURE
80% of the total surface area of the door, it
1.12.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
is a vision panel and must conform to those
Editions)
requirements. Car vision panels are required to
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
be of wire or laminated glass and have a maxi-
and Later Editions)
mum area of 144 in.2 (0.093 m2) and maximum
panel width of 6 in. (152 mm). A17.1d–1970 and Verify that the car enclosure is structurally
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

later editions in addition to the above require- sound and is securely fastened to the platform.
ments, required glazing materials to conform Verify that capacity plates and any required
to ANSI Z97.1. certificates are posted in the car. Note any
The thickness of the glazing may also be evidence of alterations or additions to the car
shown. Verify that the glass is the right type that have materially changed the car weight.
(wired or laminated), is not cracked or broken, Also, note any alteration to car enclosure, in-
and is marked with glazing standard. Since ANSI cluding decorative panels. (See Item 1.12.3.)
Z97.1 covers many types of glazing materials, (a) Freight elevators installed under A17.1a–
the required marking does not assure that the 1982 and later editions, verify that signs speci-
glazing is laminated glass. If laminated glass is fying the class of loading are in place and the
tapped lightly with the edge of a coin, the loading imposed on the elevator is as specified
sound will be dampened and different from on the sign. Verify that signs restricting passen-
nonlaminated glass. ger use are posted.

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1.12.1–1.13.1.1 ASME A17.2–2001

(b) Freight elevators installed under A17.1– 1.12.2 Periodic Test


1955 through A17.1–1981 are required to have
one of the following signs: 1.12.3 Acceptance
(1) “THIS ELEVATOR DESIGNED FOR GEN-
ERAL FREIGHT LOADING.” Check that glass exceeding 1 ft2 (0.093 m2)
(2) “THIS ELEVATOR DESIGNED FOR MO- in area for the markings required by ANSI Z97.1.
TOR-VEHICLE LOADING.” Check that the car enclosure material is metal,
(3) “THIS ELEVATOR DESIGNED FOR laminated glass, or has been type tested in its
LOADED INDUSTRIAL TRUCK WEIGHING end-use configuration and that the flame spread
LB MAXIMUM.” smoke contribution, vertical burn, test and criti-
On elevators not permitted to carry passen- cal radiant flux of the enclosure material con-
gers, the following additional sign must be form to the Code requirements. If in doubt,
posted: “THIS IS NOT A PASSENGER ELEVA- request a copy of the test report.
TOR, NO PERSONS OTHER THAN THE OPERA- Check for the minimum clear headroom.
TOR AND FREIGHT HANDLERS ARE PERMITTED
TO RIDE ON THIS ELEVATOR.” 1.12.4 References
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

The above sign regarding passengers is 1.12.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
also required by A17.3. earlier editions — Rules 207.2b, 207.4, 207.5,
In elevators permitted to carry employees, 211.9, 1001.2(a)(12), and 1202.5; and Sections
the sign should read: “NO PASSENGERS EX- 204 and 1104.
CEPT EMPLOYEES PERMITTED.” A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
(c) For freight elevators installed under A17.1– ments 2.16.2.2, 2.16.4, 2.16.5, 2.29.1,
1984 and later editions, check the Code for 8.11.2.1.1(l), and 8.7.2.14; and 2.14 and 8.3.7.
required sign wording. A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.4.1 and 3.7.5.
(d) For freight elevators installed under A17.1–
1987 and later editions that are permitted to carry 1.12.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
passengers, check to see that there are no open- and earlier editions — Sections 204 {Rule 301.7}
ings, other than those required for signal, op- and 1104; and Rules 211.9 {306.11},
erating or communication equipment, entrances, 1004.2(a)(12), 1202.5, and 1203.2e.
vision panels, emergency exits, or ventilation. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
(e) Napped, tufted, woven, looped, or similar ments 2.14 {3.14} and 8.3.7; and 2.29.1 {3.27},
materials are allowed on car enclosure walls if 8.11.3.1.1(l), 8.7.2.14, and 8.7.3.13.
they meet the test requirements. Test reports A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.4.1 {4.2.3} and 3.7.5
should be available to indicate compliance with {4.2.4}.
acceptance criteria.
(f) Note any equipment inside cars other than
that used for the operation of the elevator. The
Code permits lighting, heating, ventilating, and
air-conditioning devices to be installed inside
all cars, and permits conveyor tracks, lift hooks, ITEM 1.13
and support beams mounted in the ceiling of EMERGENCY EXIT
passenger elevators. Check structural supports
1.13.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
and clearances from floor.
Editions)
(g) A17.1–1990 and later editions required the
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
car to have an identification number on the car
and Later Editions)
control station where more than one elevator’s
machinery is in a hoistway or machine room. 1.13.1.1 Electric Elevators. Verify that top exit
(h) A17.1–1991 and later editions required that panels are in place and unobstructed (see Item
panels be attached to the enclosure with tamper- 3.12), and determine whether side emergency
resistant fasteners, or when the panels are re- exit doors of passenger elevators are closed and
moved any perforations greater than 1⁄2 in. (13 locked. The Code requires an electric contact on
mm) diameter be guarded. side emergency exit doors.

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ASME A17.2–2001 1.13.1.2–1.15.3

1.13.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Verify that top located above the car ceiling or outside the car
exit panels are in place and unobstructed (see enclosure.
Item 3.9), and that the side emergency exit Check that observation elevators exposed to
doors of passenger elevators are closed and direct sunlight, which are installed under
locked. The Code requires an electric contact A17.1a–1985 and later editions, are provided
on side emergency exit doors. with forced ventilation and that an emergency
power source is on each car that is capable of
1.13.2 Periodic Test operating the ventilation for 1 h. The minimum
capacity for this ventilation is one air change
1.13.3 Acceptance
per minute.
Verify that any side emergency exit door is
so hinged as to swing in, that it can be opened 1.14.2 Periodic Test
from the inside only by using a special-shape
removable key, that it can be opened from the
1.14.3 Acceptance
outside by means of a nonremovable handle,
and that it is provided with a properly function-
ing electric contact to interrupt power to the 1.14.4 References
driving machine and brake when opened.
1.14.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
1.13.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Side emergency earlier editions — Rules 204.2c, 204.3c, and
exits are not required for direct plunger eleva- 1001.2(a)(14).
tors unless they are equipped with safeties. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.14.2.3, 2.14.3.3, and 8.11.2.1.1(n).
1.13.4 References
1.13.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and 1.14.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
earlier editions — Rules 204.1e, 204.1j, and and earlier editions — Rules 204.2c and 204.3c
1001.2(a)(13). {301.7}, and 1004.2(a)(14).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.14.2.3 and 2.14.3.3 {3.14}, and
ments 2.14.1.5, 2.14.1.10, and 8.11.2.1.1(m).
8.11.3.1.1(n).
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.4.4.
1.13.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
and earlier editions — Rules 301.7 and
1004.2(a)(13).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 3.14 and 8.11.3.1.1(m). ITEM 1.15
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A17.3 — Paragraph 3.4.4 {4.2.4}. SIGNS AND OPERATING DEVICE


SYMBOLS
1.15.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions)
ITEM 1.14 Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
VENTILATION and Later Editions)
1.14.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Check that symbols are substituted for, or
Editions) used in conjunction with, the required wording
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 for operating devices on elevators installed un-
and Later Editions) der A17.1–1979 and later editions and that the
main floor is identified by a star.
If ventilating fans are installed inside the car,
verify that they are properly guarded, ade-
quately supported and securely fastened in 1.15.2 Periodic Test
place and not obstructing the emergency exit.
Ventilating fan blowers, if provided, are to be 1.15.3 Acceptance

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1.15.4–1.7.2.1 ASME A17.2–2001

1.15.4 References 1.16.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000


and earlier editions — Section 207 {Rule 301.10},
1.15.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
and Rule 1004.2(a)(16).
earlier editions — Rules 210.13 and
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
1001.2(a)(15).
ments 2.16 {3.16} and 8.11.3.1.1(p).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
A17.3 — Section 3.7 {para. 4.2.4}.
ments 2.26.12 and 8.11.2.1.1(o).

1.15.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000


and earlier editions — Rules 210.13 {306.12} and
1004.2(a)(15).
ITEM 1.17
A17.1–2000 and later editions – Requirements
STANDBY POWER OPERATION
2.26.12 (NR 306.12) and 8.11.3.1.1(o).

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
1.17.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions)
ITEM 1.16 Visually inspect transfer switch and means of
RATED LOAD, PLATFORM AREA, AND transfer for evidence of damage or misuse.
DATA PLATE Verify that the key used to operate the selection
switch is adequately controlled.
1.16.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions) 1.17.2 Periodic Test
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions) 1.7.2.1 Electric Elevators
(a) Yearly Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Check that the data (capacity) plate is installed Editions); Category 1 Test (for A17.1–2000 and
inside the car. Later Editions). Have the elevator(s) taken out
of normal service and placed at the floor where
1.16.2 Periodic Test the standby power switch is located. Have the
system transferred to standby power and oper-
1.16.3 Acceptance ate the elevator(s) with no load in the car. Check
Measure the inside dimensions of the car 36 the switch that overrides automatic sequence
in. (914 mm) above the floor, inside of any operation, if provided. Make several trips and
panels or wall surfaces, but exclusive of any stops checking for proper operation. From the
handrails and space for doors, and compute machine room use a tachometer to verify that
the inside net platform area. Compare this area the elevator is running at normal speed espe-
with the maximum area permitted for the rated cially in the up direction (speed must not exceed
load. The Code includes limitations of inside 125% of rated speed). If a separate power ab-
net platform area in relation to the rated load sorption means such as a resistor bank is used
for freight elevators for three classes of loading, to absorb regenerative power, it must be con-
including special requirements where the load- nected on the load side of the elevator discon-
ing is by industrial trucks. Determine that signs, nect switch. If more than one elevator is oper-
and capacity and data plates are provided. ated from the same power source
simultaneously, test the simultaneous oper-
ation.
1.16.4 References
(b) 5-Year Test, Only One Elevator on Standby
1.16.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and Power Supply (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Edi-
earlier editions — Section 207 and Rule tions); Category 5 Test, Only One Elevator on
1001.2(a)(16). Standby Power Supply (for A17.1–2000 and
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- Later Editions). Have the elevator placed on
ments 2.16 and 8.11.2.1.1(p). standby power as outlined in Item 1.17.2(a).
A17.3 — Section 3.7. Place the rated load on the elevator (125%

16

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ASME A17.2–2001 1.7.2.1–1.18.1

rated load for passenger elevators and freight ply (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Cate-
elevators that are permitted to carry passengers) gory 5 Test, More Than One Elevator Operating
and operate the elevator observing for safe Simultaneously on Standby Power Supply (for
operation. Use a tachometer in the machine A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). Have the eleva-
room to verify that the overhauling load does tors placed on standby power supply operation
not cause a speed increase in excess of 125% and loaded with the rated load and operate all
of rated speed or the governor tripping speed. of the elevators simultaneously observing that
(c) 5-Year Test, More Than One Elevator Op- they operate normally.
erating Simultaneously on Standby Power Sup-
ply (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Cate- 1.17.3 Acceptance
gory 5 Test, More Than One Elevator Operating In addition to the above test, verify that the
Simultaneously on Standy Power Supply (for means of transfer to standby power is at the
A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). Have the eleva- designated landing and that the switch overrides
tors placed on standby power supply operation any automatic sequence provided. The switch
and loaded with the rated load (125% rated must be key operated or behind a locked door.
load for passenger elevators and freight eleva-
tors that are permitted to carry passengers) 1.17.3.1 Electric Elevators. Check that if other
and operate all of the elevators simultaneously building loads (such as power and lighting) are
observing that they operate normally and will used as a means of absorption of regenerative
safely lower, stop, and hold. Use a tachometer to power, such loads are transferred to standby
check the speed of each elevator when operating power with the elevator(s).
simultaneously in the down direction. Verify 1.17.4 References
that each elevator stops at or near the terminal
landing and before the final terminal stopping 1.17.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
device is operated. The speed should not exceed earlier editions — Rules 207.8, 210.10, 211.2,
125% of the rated speed or the governor tripping 1001.2(a)(17), 1002.2g, and 1002.3e.
speed. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.16.8, 2.26.10, 2.27.2, 8.11.2.1.1(q),
1.17.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators 8.11.2.2.7, and 8.11.2.3.5.
(a) Yearly Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier 1.17.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
Editions); Category 1 Test (for A17.1–2000 and and earlier editions — Rules 211.2 {306.11},
Later Editions). Have the elevator(s) taken out 1002.2g {1005.2c(6)}, and 1004.2(a)(17).
of normal service and placed at the floor where A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
the standby power switch is located. Have the ments 2.27.2 {3.27}, 8.11.2.2.7 {8.11.3.2.3(f)}, and
system transferred to standby power and oper- 8.11.3.1.1(q).
ate the elevator(s) with no load in the car. Check A17.3 — Paragraph 3.11.2 {4.7.8}.
the switch that overrides automatic sequence
operation, if provided. Make several trips and
stops checking for proper operation. If more
than one elevator is operated simultaneously
from the same power supply, test the simultane- ITEM 1.18
ous operation. RESTRICTED OPENING OF CAR OR
(b) 5-Year Test, Only One Elevator on Standby HOISTWAY DOORS
Power Supply (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Edi-
1.18.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
tions); Category 5 Test, Only One Elevator on
Editions)
Standby Power Supply (for A17.1–2000 and
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
Later Editions). Have the elevator placed on
and Later Editions)
standby power as outlined in Item 1.17.2(a).
Place the rated load on the elevator and operate (a) All passenger elevators installed under
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the elevator observing for safe operation. A17.1–1980 and later editions must comply with
(c) 5-Year Test, More Than One Elevator Op- restricted opening of the hoistway or car doors.
erating Simultaneously on Standby Power Sup- When the car is outside a specified zone, this

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1.18.1–1.19.4.1 ASME A17.2–2001

requires that either the hoistway door or car (3) Both of the previous checks will only be
door can be opened no more than 4 in. (102 required at one or two landings if the restricted
mm) from inside the car but the car door can opening mechanism can be inspected from the
be opened from outside the car without special car top.
tools. The specified zone in which restricted
opening applies depends on when an elevator 1.18.2 Periodic Test
was installed as follows:
1.18.3 Acceptance
(1) On elevators installed under A17.1–1980
through A17.1–1982 the specified zone is outside See Fig. 1.10.2.
the landing zone [18 in. (457 mm) above or
below the landing]. 1.18.4 References
(2) On elevators installed under A17.1–1983 1.18.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
through A17.1–1988 and those that must comply earlier editions — Rules 111.12 and
with A17.3 the specified zone is outside the 1001.2(a)(18).
unlocking zone. The unlocking zone is a distance A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
set by the manufacturer between 0 in. and 18 ments (NR 111.12) and 8.11.2.1.1(r).
in. (457 mm) above and below the landing. (An A17.3 — Paragraph 2.7.4.
unlocking zone is not required.)
1.18.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
(3) On elevators installed under A17.1–1989
and earlier editions — Rules 111.5 {300.12} and
and later editions, the doors must be able to
be opened from 0 in. to 3 in. (76 mm) above 1004.2(a)(18).
and below the landing [an unlocking zone is A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.12.5 {3.12} and 8.11.3.1.1(r).
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

required and doors may be opened up to 18


in. (457 mm) above and below the landing]. The A17.3 — Paragraph 2.7.4 {Section 4.1}.
car or hoistway door must meet the restricted
opening requirements when the car is more
than 18 in. (457 mm) above and below the
landing. ITEM 1.19
(b) Some manufacturers comply with this by CAR RIDE
locking the car door rather than the hoistway
door. Some manufacturers incorporate the lock- 1.19.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
ing into the door operator, and some install Editions)
vanes or other mechanisms on the doors and Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
hoistway to achieve compliance. Follow the pro- and Later Editions)
cedure below to verify compliance with this Operate the car at normal operation speed
requirement. from one terminal landing to the other, listen
(1) For elevators installed under A17.1–1980 for unusual noise, and observe whether there
and later editions and elevators required to is excessive or irregular motion of the car, which
comply with A17.3, have the car stopped at a may indicate that the car or counterweight guide
point beyond 18 in. (457 mm) above and then rails are not properly aligned. If such motion
below the landing. With the power off, attempt occurs, when on top of the car, check for loose
to manually open the car door. If the car door or worn guide shoes or rollers and proper align-
opens more than 4 in. (102 mm), the hoistway ment of the guide rails.
door must not open more than 4 in. (102 mm)
from inside the car with the car in any position 1.19.2 Periodic Test
more than 18 in. (457 mm) above or below the
landing. 1.19.3 Acceptance
(2) For elevators installed under A17.1–1989
1.19.4 References
and later editions, follow the previous proce-
dure. If found satisfactory, have the car stopped 1.19.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
at the 3 in. (76 mm) point and verify that the earlier editions — Section 200 and Rules 203.2
doors can be manually opened. and 1001.2(a)(19).

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ASME A17.2–2001 1.19.4.1–1.19.4.2

A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-


ments 2.23, 2.15.2, and 8.11.2.1.1(s).
1.19.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
and earlier editions — Rules 301.1a, 301.6,
1004.2(a)(19), and 1206.1a {1206.5a}.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 3.23.1, 3.15, 8.11.3.1.1(s), and 8.6.1.6.2
{8.6.5}.

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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PART 2
ELEVATOR — MACHINE ROOM

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS connect switch and follow the lock-out and tag-
(ELECTRIC ELEVATORS) out procedures. If a stop switch has not been
provided in the overhead machinery space,
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

The following precautions must be observed open, tag, and lock the main line disconnect.
when making inspections in overhead machin-
ery spaces and machine rooms.
(a) Upon entering the machine room, note
the location of all moving equipment.
(b) Before stepping on any overhead grating SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
or platform, visually examine the supports and (HYDRAULIC ELEVATORS)
fastenings to determine they are sufficiently The following precautions should be observed
strong and rigid. when making inspections in machinery spaces
(c) Observe any low headroom that creates and machine rooms.
a hazard in machine rooms, particularly in sec- (a) Upon entering the machine room, note
ondary levels. the location of all moving equipment.
(d) Determine that there is nothing on the (b) Observe any low headroom that creates
grating, platform, or flooring that will cause a hazard in machine rooms.
slipping or tripping. Check for any temporary (c) Verify that there is nothing on the floor
covers over openings in grating or flooring. that will cause slipping or tripping.
(e) Before inspecting any moving parts (such (d) Before inspecting any moving parts by feel
as sheaves, drums, brakes, governors, relays, or manipulation, make certain the power supply
etc.) by feel or manipulation, make certain the to the equipment under inspection is opened.
power supply to the equipment under inspection Further, it is required to lock out and tag out
is opened. Further, it is required to lock out the disconnect switch. To ensure the proper
and tag out the main line disconnect switch. disconnect switch has been opened, attempt to
To ensure the proper disconnect switch has operate the elevator.
Opening the main line disconnect switch of
been opened, attempt to operate the elevator.
one elevator in a group of elevators may not
Opening the main line disconnect switch
disconnect the power supply from all of the
of one elevator in a group of elevators may
circuits to the controller, relay panel, and floor
not disconnect the power supply from all of
selector. This condition exists in the case of
the circuits to the controller, relay panel, and
signal operation, collective-automatic operation,
floor selector. This condition exists in the case of
and group-automatic operation, etc. In view of
signal operation, collective-automatic operation, this, care should be exercised in the inspection
and group-automatic operation, etc. In view of of such elevators to avoid contact with circuits
this, exercise care in the inspection of such that remain energized. This condition may also
elevators to avoid contact with circuits that occur in the case of a single elevator where
remain energized. This condition may also occur more than one supply of electric power is pro-
in the case of a single elevator where more vided for the elevator.
than one supply of electric power is provided
NOTE: For consistency of measurement, the oil should be at
for the elevator.
normal operating temperature when checking rated speed,
(f) Before entering the overhead machinery operating speed in the down direction, relief valve set-
space in the hoistway, open the main line dis- ting, etc.

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ASME A17.2–2001 ITEM 2.1–2.3.2

ITEM 2.1 A17.3 — Paragraph 2.2.2 {Section 4.1}.


ACCESS TO MACHINE SPACE ANSI/NFPA 70 — Section 620-71.

2.1.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier


Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
Later Editions) ITEM 2.2
HEADROOM
(a) Check that permanent, safe, and conve-
nient means of access to machine rooms and 2.2.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
machinery spaces have been provided and Editions)
maintained. Check stairways and ladders to see Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
they are stable and secure. Later Editions)
(b) Check that the access door is maintained
2.2.2 Periodic Test
in the closed and locked position. It must be self-
closing and openable from the inside without a 2.2.3 Acceptance
key. For elevators installed under A17.1–1978
and later editions, also check that the door is Verify that machine and control rooms have
self-locking. the minimum overhead clearances. Clear head-
room measurements are taken from the floor
2.1.2 Periodic Test to the bottom of the lowest obstruction below
the ceiling (e.g., wiring raceways, conduit,
2.1.3 Acceptance beams).

2.2.4 References
2.1.3.1 Electric Elevators. Check that access
to the machine room meets the accessibility 2.2.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
requirements of the Code. For access doors earlier editions — Rules 101.4 and 1001.2(b)(2).
required to meet fire ratings, check for proper A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
labeling. Access to the machine room includes ments 2.7.4 and 8.11.2.1.2(b).
passage from the top building floor to the ma-
2.2.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
chine room.
earlier editions — Rules 101.4 {300.2} and
2.1.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check that access 1004.2(b)(2).
to the machine room meets the accessibility A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
requirements of the Code. For access doors ments 2.4.7 {3.7} and 8.11.3.1.2(b).
required to meet fire ratings, check for proper
labeling.

2.1.4 References
ITEM 2.3
2.1.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 101.1a, 101.3a, 101.3b, LIGHTING AND RECEPTACLES
101.3c, 101.3d, and 1001.2(b)(1). 2.3.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- Editions)
ments 2.7.1.1, 2.7.3.1, 2.7.3.2, 2.7.3.3, 2.7.3.4, Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
and 8.11.2.1.2(a). Later Editions)
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.2.2.
ANSI/NFPA 70 — 620-71. Check machine room for adequate lighting.
For elevators installed under A17.1a–1988 and
2.1.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and later editions, check that a duplex receptacle
earlier editions — Rules 300.1, 300.2, and has been provided in the machine room and
1004.2(b)(1). machinery spaces, and that it is operable.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 3.1, 3.7, and 8.11.3.1.2(a). 2.3.2 Periodic Test

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2.3.3–2.5.1 ASME A17.2–2001

2.3.3 Acceptance 2.4.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check that ma-


chinery is separated from other parts of the
2.3.4 References building by required enclosure. A17.1b–1989
and later editions prohibit location of machine
2.3.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and and control rooms in the hoistway.
earlier editions — Rules 101.5a, 101.5c, and
1001.2(b)(3). 2.4.2 Periodic Test
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.7.5.1, (NR 101.5c), and 8.11.2.1.2(c). 2.4.3 Acceptance
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.2.3. 2.4.3.1 Electric Elevators. Check that a sign
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Sections 250-112, 410-18, stating the maximum allowable floor load has
and 620-85. been prominently displayed in all main and
secondary machine rooms. The sign is required
2.3.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and to be metal with black letters and figures at
earlier editions — Rules 101.5a and 101.5c least 4 in. (102 mm) high on a white background.
{300.2}, and 1004.2(b)(3). Bar-type overhead gratings and platform
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- openings and fabricated or expanded metal
ments 2.7.5.1 and (NR 101.5c) {3.7}, and must comply with Code size requirements. Mea-
8.11.3.1.2(c). sure and verify openings for compliance.
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.2.3 {Section 4.1}.
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Sections 250-112, 410-18, 2.4.4 References
and 620-85.
2.4.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 100.3c, 100.3d, 100.5,
101.1a, 101.2, 101.8, and 1001.2(b)(4).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.1.3.3, 2.1.3.4, 2.1.5, 2.7.1.1, 2.7.2.1, 2.7.8,
and 8.11.2.1.2(d).
ITEM 2.4
A17.3 — Paragraphs 2.2.1 and 2.2.6.
MACHINE SPACE
2.4.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
2.4.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier earlier editions — Rules 101.1a {300.2}, 105.2
Editions) and 105.4 {300.6}, and 1004.2(b)(4).
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
Later Editions) ments 2.7.1.1 {3.7}, 2.9.2 and 2.9.4 {3.9}, and
Check the condition of the equipment in the 8.11.3.1.2(d).
machine room, overhead machinery spaces, and A17.3 — Paragraphs 2.2.2 and 2.2.6 {Sec-
machinery space located in the hoistway by tion 4.1}.
examining the following:
(a) Check that overhead gratings or platforms
are properly supported, and secure.
(b) Check the machine room and secondary
machine rooms for any leaks in the roof or ITEM 2.5
windows. Machines, control equipment, HOUSEKEEPING
sheaves, and other machinery should be pro-
2.5.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
tected from the elements.
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
2.4.1.1 Electric Elevators. For elevators in-
Later Editions)
stalled under A17.1–1993 and later editions
where remote machine rooms or control rooms Check that the machine room area is not used
are provided, check the access to ropes and for the storage of any flammable liquids with
sheaves. Check the communications between a flash point less than 110°F (43°C), and for
the elevator car and machine room. materials and articles not necessary for the

22
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ASME A17.2–2001 2.5.1–2.7.4.2

maintenance and operation of the elevator. 2.6.4 References


Check the floor area for cleanliness, noting any
accumulation of oil, grease, or dirt. 2.6.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
For observation elevators with glass car enclo- earlier editions — Rules 101.5b, 102.4, and
sures or hoistway enclosures, check to see that 1001.2(b)(6).
a written procedure for cleaning the glass exists. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
The written procedure is not required to be ments 2.7.5.2, 2.8.4, and 8.11.2.1.2(f).
kept in the machine room, but must be kept A17.3 — Paragraph 2.2.4.
on premises.
2.6.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 101.5b {300.2}, 102.4,
2.5.2 Periodic Test
and 1004.2(b)(6).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
2.5.3 Acceptance ments 2.7.5.2 {3.7}, 2.8.4, and 8.11.3.1.2(f).
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.2.4 {Section 4.1}.
2.5.4 References
2.5.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 1001.2(b)(5), 1206.2b,
and 1206.9.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 8.11.2.1.2(e), 8.6.4.8, and 8.6.10.3. ITEM 2.7
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
2.5.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 1004.2(b)(5) and 1206.1, 2.7.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
1206.2b {1206.5a}, and 1206.9. Editions)
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
ments 8.11.3.1.2(e) and 8.6.1.2, 8.6.4.8 {8.6.5}, Later Editions)
and 8.6.10.3. Check to see that a class “ABC” fire extin-
guisher is mounted convenient to the access
door. The extinguisher should be tagged to
indicate monthly check and required annual
maintenance.
ITEM 2.6
VENTILATION 2.7.2 Periodic Test
2.6.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions) 2.7.3 Acceptance
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
Later Editions)
2.7.4 References
Check that mechanical ventilation and air con-
ditioning are in operating condition. Check that 2.7.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
natural machine room ventilation is open and earlier editions — Rules 1001.2(b)(7) and
functioning. 1206.1h.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
2.6.2 Periodic Test ments 8.11.2.1.2(g) and 8.6.1.6.5.

2.7.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and


2.6.3 Acceptance
earlier editions — Rules 1004.2(b)(7), and 1206.2f
Check that adequate ventilation is provided {1206.5a}.
by natural or mechanical means to ensure safe A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
and normal operation of the elevator. ments 8.11.3.1.2(g), and (NR 1206.2f) {8.6.5}.

23

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ITEM 2.8–2.10.1 ASME A17.2–2001

ITEM 2.8 ITEM 2.9


PIPES, WIRING, AND DUCTS GUARDING OF EXPOSED AUXILIARY
EQUIPMENT
2.8.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions) 2.9.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and Editions)
Later Editions) Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
Only such pipes, wiring, and ducts used in Later Editions)
direct connection with the elevator are permitted Check that guards of auxiliary equipment are
to be installed in the machine room or machin- in place and secure.
ery spaces. Check permitted sprinkler piping for
any leakage. For elevators required to meet
A17.3, pipes conveying gases, vapors, or liquids 2.9.2 Periodic Test
not connected with the operation of the elevator
must be guarded so that any discharge will not 2.9.3 Acceptance
affect the operation of the elevator.

2.8.2 Periodic Test 2.9.4 References


2.8.3 Acceptance 2.9.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–-2000 and
Check that sprinkler risers and return piping earlier editions — Rules 104.1 and 1001.2(b)(9).
have been located outside the machine room A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
and machinery spaces. Check to see that an ments 2.10.1 and 8.11.2.1.2(i).
automatic, nonresetting means independent of
the elevator control is provided to disconnect 2.9.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
the main line power to the affected elevators earlier editions — Rules 104.1 {300.5} and

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
before the sprinkler water is discharged into 1004.2(b)(9).
the machine room or machinery spaces. A shunt A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
trip circuit breaker activated by a heat detector ments 2.10.1 {3.10} and 8.11.3.1.2(i).
is one method of meeting these requirements.
The Code prohibits sprinkler activation or dis-
connection of main line power by smoke de-
tectors.

2.8.4 References
ITEM 2.10
2.8.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and NUMBERING OF ELEVATORS,
earlier editions — Rules 102.1, 102.2, and MACHINES, AND DISCONNECT
1001.2(b)(8).
SWITCHES
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.8.1, 2.8.2, and 8.11.2.1.2(h). 2.10.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
A17.1 — Inquiry 88-26. Editions)
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.2.5. Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
ANSI/NFPA 13. and Later Editions)
2.8.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and For elevators installed under A17.1–1960
earlier editions — Rules 102.1 and 102.2 {300.3}, through A17.1b–1989, where the machinery of
and 1004.2(b)(8). more than one elevator is in a single machine
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- room, check that the number for each car has
ments 2.8.1 and 2.8.2 {3.8}, and 8.11.3.1.2(h). been painted, or securely attached to the drive
A17.1 — Inquiry 88-26. machine and disconnect switch. A17.1–1990 and
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.2.5 {Section 4.1}. later editions numbers to be at least 11⁄2 in. (38
ANSI/NFPA 13. mm) in height.

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.10.2–2.11.3.1

2.10.2 Periodic Test 2.11.2 Periodic Test

2.10.3 Acceptance 2.11.3 Acceptance


Elevator identification numbers assigned by
the authority having jurisdiction should be rec- (a) Location. Check that the main line discon-
orded and cross-referenced with the manufac- necting means has been located where it is
turers, contractors, and building identification readily accessible to qualified persons.
numbers. (b) Power From More than One Source. For
elevators with more than one power source,
check to see that a separate disconnecting
2.10.4 References means has been provided for each source of
electrical power, and that the main line discon-
2.10.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and necting means is within sight of the equipment
earlier editions — Rules 208.10, 210.4, 211.9, served. Check to see that warning signs for
and 1001.2(b)(10). multiple disconnecting means, indicating parts
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- of the control panel are not de-energized by
ments (NR 208.10), 2.26.4, 2.29.1, and one switch are mounted on or adjacent to the
8.11.2.1.2(j).

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
disconnecting means.
ANSI/NFPA 70 — 620-51.
(c) Car Light Disconnecting Means. Check to
see that a single means for disconnecting all
2.10.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 ungrounded car light power supply conductors
and earlier editions — Rules 210.4, 211.9 has been provided in the machine room for
{306.11}, and 306.6. each car. For installations where the machinery
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- for more than one car is in a single machine
ments 2.26.4, 2.29.1 {3.27}, and 3.26. room, the disconnecting means must be num-
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Section 620-51. bered to correspond to the number of the eleva-
tor car whose light source the disconnecting
means controls.

2.11.3.1 Electric Elevators


(a) For elevators without generator field con-
ITEM 2.11 trol, the main line disconnecting means must
DISCONNECTING MEANS AND be located within sight of the power converter
CONTROL or motor starter. When the disconnecting means
is not within sight of the hoist machine or
2.11.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier control panel, an additional manually operated
Editions) switch should be installed adjacent to the re-
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 mote equipment connected in the control circuit
and Later Editions) to prevent starting.
Check that the main line disconnecting means (b) For elevators with generator field control,
is in good working order and securely mounted. the main line disconnecting means must be
located within sight of the motor starter for the
2.11.1.1 Hydraulic Elevators. For elevators in- driver motor of the motor-generator set. When
stalled under ASME A17.1a–1994 and later edi- the disconnecting means is not within sight of
tions, verify that the sign “KEEP SWITCH the hoist machine, the control panel, or the
CLOSED EXCEPT DURING MAINTENANCE, RE- motor-generator set, an additional manually op-
PAIRS, AND INSPECTIONS“ is placed on the erated switch should be installed adjacent to
switch when the anticreep device is dependent the remote equipment connected in the control
on availability of power. circuit to prevent starting.

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2.11.3.2–2.12.2 ASME A17.2–2001

2.11.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. The main line (b) any accumulation of combustible ma-
disconnecting means should be located within terials, especially on resistance grids or wires,
sight of the motor starter and should remove or on control circuit rectifiers;
power from both the motor and control valve. (c) whether contacts of reverse-phase re-
lay, where provided, are open;
(d) excessively worn hinge pins and shunt
2.11.4 References wiring on relays or contactors;
2.11.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and (e) check mechanical interlock between
earlier editions — Rules 210.4 and 1001.2(b)(11). relays.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- (b) Inspection Made With Power On. Observe
ments 2.26.4 and 8.11.2.1.2(k). the operation of the control equipment when
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.10.5. the elevator is run in each direction. Note any
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Sections 620-51, 620-52, and arcing of contacts, excessive heating of coils
620-53. or resistances, and misalignment of relays, con-
tactors, and switches.
2.11.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 2.12.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators
and earlier editions — Rules 306.3a(5)(b), 306.4, (a) Inspection Made With Power Off. Examine
306.6, and 1004.2(b)(11). all relays, switches, contactors, control circuit
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- rectifiers, transformers, capacitors, resistors,
ments 3.26.3.1 [3.26.3.1.4(b)], 3.26.4, 3.26, and vacuum tubes, pc boards, etc., and note:
8.11.3.1.2(k). (1) any excessively worn or burned con-
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.10.5 {4.7.5}. tacts, broken connectors, broken or cracked re-
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Sections 620-51, 620-52, and sistance grids or resistance tubes;
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

620-53. (2) proper fuse type and rating; no fuses


should be jumped or shorted.
(3) check for any jumper wires or temporary
wiring changes:
(a) whether the equipment is clean;
(b) any accumulation of combustible ma-
terials, especially on resistance grids or wires,
ITEM 2.12 or on control circuit rectifiers;
CONTROLLER WIRING, FUSES, (c) hydraulic elevators installed under
GROUNDING, ETC. A17.1c–1986 and later editions require a reverse-
phase relay or other means to prevent overheat-
2.12.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier ing in the event of a phase failure or reversal.
Editions) If a reverse-phase relay is not provided, a low
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 oil timer may meet the requirement to prevent
and Later Editions) overheating in the event of a phase reversal and/
or failure. The condition of the control provided
2.12.1.1 Electrical Elevators should be checked.
(a) Inspection Made With Power Off. Examine (d) excessively worn hinge pins and shunt
all relays, switches, contactors, control circuit wiring on relays or contactors;
rectifiers, transformers, capacitors, resistors, (e) check mechanical interlock between
vacuum tubes, pc boards, etc., and note: relays.
(1) any excessively worn or burned con- (b) Inspection Made With Power On. Observe
tacts, broken connectors, broken or cracked re- the operation of the control equipment when
sistance grids or resistance tubes; the elevator is run in each direction. Note any
(2) proper fuse type and rating. No fuses arcing of contacts, excessive heating of coils
should be jumped or shorted. or resistances, and misalignment of relays, con-
(3) check for any jumper wires or temporary tactors, and switches.
wiring changes:
(a) whether the equipment is clean; 2.12.2 Periodic Test

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.12.3–2.13.1.1

TABLE 2.12.3 WORKING CLEARANCES


Minimum Clear Distance, ft
Voltage to Ground,
Nominal Condition 1 Condition 2 Condition 3

0–150 3 3 3
151–600 3 31⁄2 4

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) 1 in. p 25.4 mm
(b) 1 ft p 0.3048 m

Ceiling
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Sections 110-16, 620-53, 620-
72, and 620-82.

ITEM 2.13
GOVERNOR, OVERSPEED SWITCH,
AND SEAL
30 in. 30 in. 30 in.
2.13.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions)
Floor
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions)
FIG. 2.12.3 WORKING CLEARANCES 2.13.1.1 Inspection Made With Power Off
(a) Examine governor fastening bolts to verify
that the governor is securely fastened in place
2.12.3 Acceptance and that the governor rope is free of the gover-
Check that sufficient clear working space has nor jaws or other obstructions.
been provided around control panels and dis- (b) Examine all linkages, gears, pins, collars,
connecting means, to provide safe and conve- bushings, and latches that are used to connect
nient access to all live parts of the equipment the weights and the rope gripping devices for
necessary for maintenance and adjustment. See evidence of excessive wear and lost motion,
Table 2.12.3 and Fig. 2.12.3. and note whether all bearings and rubbing sur-
faces are not restricted by paint or other foreign
2.12.4 References substances.
(c) Lift the weights or flyballs by hand and
2.12.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and note whether all moving parts, including the
earlier editions — Rules 102.1, 210.4, governor-rope jaws, operate freely and that
1001.2(b)(12), and 1206.1f. there is ample room for the rotation of governor
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- weight or flyballs in their extreme extended
ments 2.8.1, 2.26.4, 8.11.2.1.2(l), and 8.6.1.6.3. position. Check all parts of the governor for
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.10. lubrication.
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Sections 620-17, 620-72, 620- (d) Examine rope gripping surfaces.
82, and 110-16. (e) Where the governor is provided with a
2.12.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 speed-reducing switch and an overspeed (stop-
and earlier editions — Rules 102.1 {300.3}, 306.5, ping) switch, determine by operating the gover-
306.6, 1004.2(b)(12), 1206.1f, and 1206.5a. nor mechanism by hand, where practical,
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- whether these switches operate.
ments 2.8.1 {3.8}, 3.26.5, 3.26, 8.11.3.1.2(l), (f) Verify that means of adjusting tripping
8.6.1.6.3, and 8.6.5. speed and pull-through force are sealed.

27

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2.13.2–2.13.2.1 ASME A17.2–2001

2.13.2 Periodic Test plish this, have the person performing the test
park the elevator car about 12 in. (305 mm)
2.13.2.1 Electric Elevators
below the top opening and open the main line
(a) Yearly Test of Governor (for A17.1d–2000
disconnect switch.
and Earlier Editions); Category 1 Test of Gover-
(a) Lift the governor rope to ensure suffi-
nor (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). Make cient slack to spin sheave. When installing a
a general examination of the governor-rope sys- clamp on a governor rope, be careful not to
tem, including the condition of the governor, damage the rope. [See Item 2.13.2(b)(5).]
governor rope, governor-rope tension sheave (b) With a rubber drive wheel held against
assembly, and releasing carrier. Check that the the governor sheave driven by a variable speed
proper type of rope, identified on the governor drill motor, gradually build up the governor
marking plate, has been installed. speed until it trips.
(1) With the main line switch in the open (c) To read the tripping speed, use a cali-
position, inspect governors by a manual exten- brated tachometer reading in ft/min (m/s). Hold
sion of the governor weights to make sure there the wheel inside the governor sheave groove
is no restriction of motion and verify that all at the centerline of the rope. Take several read-
parts, including the rope gripping jaws, operate ings and record the average.
freely. Check all bearings, pins, governor-rope (4) If any adjustments are made, be sure
grip jaws, and rubbing surfaces to make sure the locknuts are tight and install a new seal.
they are not worn excessively and are properly Use a No. 36 [0.106 in. (2.69 mm)] drill or
lubricated and free of paint. smaller. Install the seal with a sealing tool.
(2) Inspection Made With Power On. Open Retest as outlined above, and record the tripping
the governor overspeed (stopping) switch, speed. Check the tripping speed of the governor
where provided, and check to be sure that the switches using the same procedure. Place the
elevator cannot be operated. Reset the governor rope on the governor sheave.
switch, and have the car operated at normal Remove the clamp and inspect the gov-
speed in each direction and note: ernor rope for any damage or kinks. Reinstall all
(a) any tendency of the governor rope to sheave and switch covers. Check the releasing
slide on the sheave groove when the car is carrier. On drum-operated safeties, check for
started or stopped; slack rope between the releasing carrier and
(b) any eccentric or lateral motion of the drum.
governor sheave;
(c) whether the rope runs free of the jaws NOTE: If an elevator, for any reason, is running below the
rated speed, the governor calibration must be based on
at all times.
the rated speed.
(3) A test of the governor tripping speed is
not required unless the seal on the governor (5) For Class B-type safeties, check the force
has been disturbed or the inspection indicates necessary to pull the governor rope through
that for other reasons a test is necessary. If a the governor. In no case may the pull-through
test is made, the governor must be sealed and force exceed one-fifth of the rated ultimate
tagged after the test. strength of the governor rope. The force re-
(b) 5-Year Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier quired to pull the governor rope from the releas-
Editions); Category 5 Test (for A17.1–2000 and ing carrier is required to be no more than 60%
Later Editions). After the car and counterweight of the pull-through force.
guide shoes, safety parts, and governors have One method of performing this test is
been inspected, check as follows: as follows: The best place to check this is from
(1) Determine the tripping speed of the gov- the top of the car since the governor rope and
ernor using Table 2.13.2. The tripping speed is release carrier are usually accessible from there.
stamped on the governor marking plate. [See Fig. 2.13.2.] Make this connection fairly
(2) Have governors calibrated to the setting direct with minimum angle between the gover-
as shown in Table 2.13.2. nor rope and the sling. Take special care that
(3) The sheave must be free to rotate with the attachment does not damage the governor
no obstruction by the governor rope. To accom- rope. In most cases the attachment can be made

28

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TABLE 2.13.2 GOVERNOR ADJUSTMENT SETTINGS
Car Governor Cwt.
ASME A17.2–2001

Car Governor Tripping Cwt. Governor [Note (1)] Car Governor Overspeed Switch Settings, Overspeed Governor
Speed Tripping Speed Down Direction Switch Overspeed
Settings, Switch
Rated Rqmt. Rqmt. Rqmt. Rqmt. Rqmts. Up Direction Settings

COPYRIGHT 2003; American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Car 2.18.2.1, 2.18.2.1, 2.18.2.2, 2.18.2.2, 2.18.4.2.1
Speed, Minimum, Maximum, Minimum, Maximum, and Rqmt. Rqmt. Rqmt. Rqmt.
ft/min ft/min ft/min ft/min ft/min 2.18.4.2.2 2.18.4.2.3 2.18.4.2.5 2.18.4.2.4 2.18.4.1

0 to 125 144 175 145 192 Not Not Not


150 173 210 174 231 Required Required Required

175 202 250 203 275


200 230 280 231 308 Not more
225 259 308 260 338 than 90%
250 288 337 289 370 of car
300 345 395 346 434 governor Not more
Not more
350 403 452 404 497 down than 90%
than 100%
400 460 510 461 561 tripping of car Counter-
of car Not more

29
450 518 568 519 624 setting governor weight
governor than 100%
500 575 625 575 687 down governor
down of car

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
tripping overspeed
tripping governor
600 690 740 691 814 setting switch
setting if a down
700 805 855 806 940 for required
speed tripping
800 920 970 921 1,067 elevators for any
reducing setting
900 1,035 1,085 1,036 1,193 Not more with speed
switch is
1,000 1,150 1,200 1,151 1,320 than 95% static
provided
1,100 1,265 1,320 1,266 1,452 of car controls
1,200 1,380 1,440 1,381 1,584 governor
1,300 1,495 1,560 1,496 1,716 down
1,400 1,610 1,680 1,611 1,848 tripping
1,500 1,725 1,800 1,726 1,980 setting

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1,600 1,840 1,920 1,841 2,112
1,700 1,955 2,040 1,956 2,244
1,800 2,070 2,160 2,071 2,376
1,900 2,185 2,280 2,186 2,508
2,000 2,300 2,400 2,301 2,640

NOTE:
(1) The counterweight governor tripping speed must exceed the car governor tripping speed.

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TABLE 2.13.2
2.13.2.1 ASME A17.2–2001

Governor

Attachment
to governor rope
Come-along

Dynamometer

Crosshead
Governor rope
releasing carrier

FIG. 2.13.2 DYNAMOMETER CONNECTIONS FOR TESTING THE PULL-THROUGH OF


GOVERNOR JAWS

to a portion of the governor rope that does not tightening will likely damage the governor rope
reach the governor when the car is at the upper and require its replacement. A so-called “Chi-
landing. When clamps (fist grip) are used for cago” grip that is used for pulling large diameter
this purpose, they should comply with non- electrical conductors is also recommended for
babbitted rope fastenings as outlined in Item this connection since it would be less likely to
3.29, and the nuts tightened with a torque damage the governor rope. These grips can be
wrench to the torque recommended by the ordered with jaws that are machined to the
manufacturer. Typical torques are 45 ft-lb (61 diameter of the rope. Midline rope clamps that
N·m) for 3⁄8 in. (9.5 mm) rope, 65 ft-lb (88 N·m) grip with a wedge conforming to the rope size
for 7⁄16 in. (11 mm) and 1⁄2 in. (13 mm) rope, may also be used. Regardless of the method
and 130 ft-lb (176 N·m) for 9⁄16 in. (14 mm) and used, extra care must be taken to provide a
5
⁄8 in. (16 mm) rope; either over- or under- secure connection that will not damage the

30
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ASME A17.2–2001 2.13.2.1–2.13.2.2

governor rope. Note the spring tension of the elevator cannot be operated in either direction.
safety releasing carrier so that it can be restored Reset the governor switch, and have the car
to its original setting after completion of the test. operated at normal speed in each direction
Remove the spring tension from the re- and note:
leasing carrier so that it will not restrain the (a) any tendency of the governor rope to
rope. Trip the governor, and pop up the gover- slide on the sheave groove when the car is
nor rope tension sheave to allow approximately started or stopped;
1 ft (0.305 m) movement of the governor rope (b) any eccentric or lateral motion of the
without lifting the tension sheave. Operate the governor sheave.
come-along pulling at least 6 in. (152.4 mm) of (b) 5-Year Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
the governor rope through the governor. Note Editions); Category 5 Test (for A17.1–2000 and
the reading on the dynamometer and compare Later Editions). After the car and counterweight
it to the rated ultimate strength of the rope. If guide shoes, safety parts, and governors have
a release carrier is used, it must release at no been inspected, check as follows:
more than 60% of the governor pull-through (1) The tripping speed of the governor shall
force. This can be checked with the same equip- be determined using Table 2.13.2, Governor
ment by connecting the dynamometer and Adjustment Settings, from A17.2, except that
come-along between the governor rope at the the tripping speed shall be based on the elevator
releasing carrier and the existing connection operating speed in the down direction. The
and the governor rope. governor switch should operate before or at
After this test, perform the following the application of the safety. If a tripping speed
three steps: is stamped on the governor marking plate, it
(a) Carefully inspect the governor rope at should be considered the maximum for that
the point of connection to assure that it has governor.
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

not been damaged. (2) Governors shall be calibrated to the set-


(b) Restore the governor release carrier. ting as shown in Table 2.13.2 or manufacturer’s
(c) Reset and inspect the governor. marking plate, whichever is less.
(6) Ensure the governor has been sealed (3) The sheave must be free to rotate with
and tagged. no obstruction by the governor rope. To accom-
plish this, park the elevator car about 12 in.
2.13.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators (305 mm) below the top opening and open the
(a) Yearly Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier main line disconnect switch.
Editions); Category 1 Test (for A17.1–2000 and (a) Lift the governor rope to ensure suffi-
Later Editions). Make a general examination of cient slack to spin the sheave. When installing
the governor-rope system, including the condi- a clamp on a governor rope, be careful not to
tion of the governor, governor rope, governor- damage the rope.
rope tension sheave assembly, and releasing (b) With a rubber drive wheel held against
carrier. Check to verify that the type of rope, the governor sheave driven by a variable speed
identified on the governor marking plate, has electric drill, gradually build up the governor
been installed. speed until it trips.
(1) With the main line switch in the open (c) To read the tripping speed, use a ta-
position, governors shall be inspected by a chometer reading in ft/min (m/s). Hold the ta-
manual extension of the governor weights to chometer wheel at the pitch diameter of the
make sure there is no restriction of motion and governor sheave. Take several readings and
verify that all parts, including the rope gripping record the average.
jaws, operate freely. All bearings, pins, rope (4) If any adjustments are made, be sure
grip jaws, and rubbing surfaces shall be checked the locknuts are tight and install a new seal.
to make sure they are not worn excessively, Use a No. 36 [0.106 in. (2.69 mm)] drill or
are properly lubricated, and free of paint. smaller. Install the seal with a sealing tool.
(2) Inspection Made With Power On. Open Retest as outlined above and record the tripping
the governor overspeed (stopping) switch, speed. Check the tripping speed of the governor
where provided, and check to be sure that the switches using the same procedure. Place the

31

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2.13.2.2–2.13.3.2 ASME A17.2–2001

rope on the governor sheave. Remove the clamp releasing carrier so that it will not restrain the
and inspect the governor rope for any damage rope. The governor shall be tripped, and the
or kinks. Reinstall all sheave and switch covers. governor rope tension sheave propped up to
allow approximately 1 ft movement of the gov-
NOTE: If an elevator, for any reason, is running below the ernor rope without lifting the tension sheave.
rated speed, the governor calibration must be based on
the rated speed.
Operate the come-along pulling at least 6 in.
(152 mm) of the governor rope through the
(5) For Type B safeties, the force necessary governor. Note the reading on the dynamometer
to pull the governor rope through the governor and compare it to the rated ultimate strength
shall be checked. In no case may the pull- of the rope. If a release carrier is used, it must
through force exceed one-fifth of the rated ulti- release at no more than 60% of the governor
mate strength of the governor rope. The force pull-through force. This can be checked with
required to actuate the releasing carrier, where the same equipment by connecting the dyna-
provided, shall be no more than 60% of the mometer and come-along between the governor
pull-through force. One method of performing rope at the releasing carrier and the existing
this test is as follows: connection and the governor rope.
(a) The best place to check this is from (6) After this test perform the following
the top of the car since the governor rope three steps:
and release carrier, where provided, are usually (a) Carefully inspect the governor rope at
accessible from there [see Fig. 2.13.2]. Make the point of connection to assure that it has
this connection fairly direct with minimum angle not been damaged.
between the governor rope and the sling. Take (b) Restore the governor release carrier.
special care that the attachment does not dam- (c) Reset and inspect the governor.
age the governor rope. In most cases the attach- (7) The governor should be sealed and a
ment can be made to a portion of the governor metal test tag installed by the person that per-
rope that does not reach the governor when formed the test.
the car is at the upper landing. When clamps
(fist grip) are used for this purpose, they shall 2.13.3 Acceptance
comply with nonbabbitted rope fastenings, and
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

2.13.3.1 Electric Elevators


the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the
(a) Governor Tests. Check the governor mark-
torque recommended by the manufacturer. This
ing plate to determine that it is marked with
is usually 45 ft-lb (61 N·m) for 3⁄8 in. (9.5 mm)
size, material, and construction of the governor
rope, 65 ft-lb for (88 N·m) for 7⁄16 in. (11 mm)
rope used and the governor-tripping speed.
and 1⁄2 in. (13 mm) rope, and 130 ft-lb (176
(b) Speed Load Tests. The use of a tachometer
N·m) for 9⁄16 in. (14 mm) and 5⁄8 in. (16 mm)
in making speed-load tests is required. The
rope. Either over- or under-tightening will likely
tachometer reading must be taken after the car
damage the governor rope and require its re-
has reached its constant speed. Take and record
placement. A so-called “Chicago” grip that is
speed readings with no load in the car and
used for pulling large diameter electrical con-
with rated load in the car in both the up and
ductors is also recommended for this connec-
down directions. Tachometer readings must be
tion since it would be less likely to damage the
taken from the side of the governor rope or
governor rope. These grips can be ordered with
hoisting ropes. Speed readings from any other
jaws that are machined to the diameter of the
position on the governor rope or hoisting ropes
rope. Midline rope clamps that grip with a
will be inaccurate. Where the car is roped 2:1,
wedge conforming to the rope size may also
the car speed is one-half the hoist rope speed.
be used. Regardless of the method used, extra
care must be taken to provide a secure connec- 2.13.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators
tion that will not damage the governor rope. (a) Governor Tests. Check the governor mark-
Note the spring tension of the safety releasing ing plate to verify that it is marked with size,
carrier so that it can be restored to its original material, and construction of the governor rope
setting after completion of the test. for which it was designed and the governor-
(b) Remove the spring tension from the tripping speed.

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.13.3.2–2.15.3

(b) Speed Load Tests. The tachometer reading 2.14.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
must be taken after the car has reached its and earlier editions — Section 309 and Rule
constant speed. Speed readings shall be taken 1200.6.
and recorded with no load in the car and with A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
rated load in the car in both the up and down ments 8.9 and 8.7.1.8.
direction. Tachometer readings must be taken
by holding the tachometer wheel at the pitch NOTE: Items 2.15 through 2.29 apply to electric elevators
diameter of the governor sheave. only.

2.13.4 References
2.13.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Section 206 and Rules 205.15,
210.2(j), 1001.2(b)(28), 1002.2c, 1002.3a, 1002.3b,
1003.2a, and 1206.1a.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- ITEM 2.15
ments 2.18, 2.17.15, 2.26.2 (2.26.2.10), STATIC CONTROL
8.11.2.1.2(bb), 8.11.2.2.3, 8.11.2.3.1, 8.11.2.3.2, 2.15.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
8.10.2.2.2(cc)(1), and 8.6.1.6.2. Editions)
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.6.1 and 3.10.4(g). Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
2.13.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and Later Editions)
and earlier editions — Sections 205 and 206;
and Rules 301.8, 1002.2(b), 1005.2c, 1005.4, 2.15.2 Periodic Test
1202.7, and 1206.1.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 2.15.2.1 Electric Elevators: Yearly Test (for
ments 2.17 and 2.18, 3.17.1, 8.11.2.2.2, 8.11.3.2.3, A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1
8.11.3.4, 8.7.2.19, and 8.6.1.2. Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). The
A17.3 — Paragraph 4.9.7. person or firm installing or maintaining an ele-
vator with a driving motor employing static
control without MG set should demonstrate con-
formance with the Code as follows:
(a) Run the car and demonstrate that there
ITEM 2.14 are two devices that each independently will
CODE DATA PLATE remove power from the driving machine motor
and cause the car to stop. At least one of the
2.14.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier devices is required to be an electromechanical
Editions) contactor, which also opens the driving machine
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 brake circuit.
and Later Editions) (b) Prevent the above electromechanical con-
Check that the Code Data Plate is installed. tactor from being energized and register a call.
This is the Code that is to be used for the Demonstrate, with the doors closed, that the
inspection and test. brake will not lift and the car will not move.
(c) Demonstrate that either of two contactors
2.14.2 Periodic Test in the brake circuit will prevent the brake from
lifting.
2.14.3 Acceptance (d) Demonstrate that the operation of any of
the electrical protective devices will cause both
2.14.4 References devices specified in Item 2.13.2(a) to remove
2.14.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and power from the driving machine motor and,
earlier editions — Section 215 and Rule 1200.6. brake.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 8.9 and 8.7.1.8. 2.15.3 Acceptance

33

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2.15.4–2.17.2.1 ASME A17.2–2001

2.15.4 References car and observe the operation of the brake. The
brake should not chatter. It may apply on or
2.15.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
before the completion of the slowdown and
earlier editions — Rules 210.2, 210.9(d),
leveling operation. Check to see that the brake
1001.2(b)(13), and 1003.2h.
is automatically applied on or after normal
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
stops. The clearance between the brake shoe
ments 2.26.2, 2.26.9.5, 8.11.2.1.2(m), and
and the brake drum when the car is running
8.10.2.2.2(m).
should not be greater than necessary to permit
free running. Examine the brake pins to deter-
mine whether they are properly lubricated and
not frozen, and that retainers are in place. Note
ITEM 2.16 any harsh and abrupt brake action. Examine
OVERHEAD BEAM AND FASTENINGS brake-activated contacts (if provided) for proper
operation.
2.16.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier (b) Inspection Made With Power Off
Editions) (1) Examine the brake and drum to deter-
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 mine that the brake linings are free of oil and
and Later Editions) whether there is any scoring of the drum.
2.16.1.1 Electric Elevators. Examine overhead (2) If the elevator has been running, the
beams to determine whether they are securely brake drum may be warm but should not be
fastened to supports or firmly embedded in uncomfortable to the touch. A hot drum usually
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

walls. Note any settlement of supports. Examine indicates a dragging brake shoe.
all exposed bolt fastenings of beams supporting NOTE: The design of the actuating linkage of some brakes
machinery or sheaves. is such that a single unit or link is used both to govern
the spring pressure applying the brake shoes when the
2.16.2 Periodic Test brake applies and the amount of clearance between the
brake shoes and the brake drum when the brake is released.
2.16.3 Acceptance With this type of design, it is possible to improperly adjust
the releasing feature so that it will prevent the brake shoes
2.16.3.1 Electric Elevators. Examine overhead from gripping the brake drum when the brake applies. The
machine and sheave beam supports. Record adjustment of this type of brake should be examined to
the dimensions and span of beams and check determine that the adjustment is such that the brake shoes
them against layout drawings. are not prevented from properly applying and that there
is sufficient margin in the adjustment for the brake lining
wear (no part of the brake should contact the machine for
2.16.4 References
at least the thickness of the lining).
2.16.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 105.1, 105.2, 105.3, and 2.17.2 Periodic Test
1001.2(b)(14).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 2.17.2.1 Electric Elevators
ments 2.9.1, 2.9.2, 2.9.3, and 8.11.2.1.2(n). (a) Yearly Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions); Category 1 Test (for A17.1–2000 and
Later Editions)
(b) 5-Year Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions); Category 5 Test (for A17.1–2000 and
ITEM 2.17 Later Editions). For passenger elevators and
DRIVE MACHINE BRAKE freight elevators permitted to carry passengers,
place 125% of rated load in the car at an upper
2.17.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
landing and run it to the lowest landing by
Editions)
normal operating means. The driving machine
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
must safely lower, stop, and hold the car with
and Later Editions)
this overload. The elevator is not required to
2.17.1.1 Electric Elevators attain rated load performance under overload
(a) Inspection Made With Power On. Run the conditions. The car is not required to raise this

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.17.2.1–2.19.1.1

load or stop level within normal limits. After (3) Inspect the brushes; note any sparking
the elevator has stopped, have the main line or chattering.
disconnect means opened and verify that the (b) Inspection Made With Power Off. Examine
brake will hold the elevator. brush holders, commutators or slip rings, and
determine:
2.17.3 Acceptance (1) the condition of the brush holders and
brushes;
2.17.3.1 Electric Elevators. For passenger ele- (2) whether commutator or slip rings are
vators and freight elevators permitted to carry burned, pitted, grooved, or scored, and are clean
passengers, test the brake with 125% of rated and free from oil; and also that the commutators
load. Test other freight elevators with the rated are free from high mica;
load. Freight elevators designed for Class C2 (3) any accumulation of carbon, copper
loading must also be subjected to a static test dust, oil, or other substances in the slot of an
with the load indicated on the car capacity plate. undercut commutator;
Test freight elevators designed for Class C2 (4) that exposed armature and field terminal
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

loading for conformance with the leveling re- conditions are tight. Give special attention to
quirements. With the load placed in the car, the shunt field connections of DC motors.
run the car to the lowest landing by normal (5) that the leads are not broken or their
operating means. The driving machine must insulation is not cracked or broken;
safely lower, stop, and hold the car with its (6) that the motor windings are free of oil,
load. The elevator is not required to attain rated dust, or lint deposits.
load performances under overload conditions.
2.18.2 Periodic Test
2.17.4 References
2.18.3 Acceptance
2.17.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 207.2b, 207.8, 208.8, 2.18.4 References
210.8, 1001.2(b)(15), and 1002.3d.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 2.18.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
ments 2.16.2.2, 2.16.8, 2.24.8.3, 2.26.8, earlier editions — Section 208 and Rule
8.11.2.1.2(o), and 8.11.2.3.4. 1001.2(b)(16).
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.8.4. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.24 and 8.11.2.1.2(p).
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.8.1.

ITEM 2.18
TRACTION DRIVE MACHINES ITEM 2.19
GEARS, BEARINGS, AND FLEXIBLE
2.18.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
COUPLINGS
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 2.19.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
and Later Editions) Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
2.18.1.1 Electric Elevators
and Later Editions)
(a) Inspection Made With Power On
(1) Have the elevator operated in each direc- 2.19.1.1 Electric Elevators
tion, making frequent stops, and observe the (a) Inspection Made With Power On
operation of the motor. Observe commutators (1) Have the elevator operated in each direc-
for excessive sparking or brush chatter. Observe tion, making frequent stops. Observe if there
bearings for excessive noise and wear. is any excessive play or backlash in the bearings
(2) Inspect all motor fastening bolts for or gearing. Unusual noise or play is usually an
tightness. indication of gear or thrust bearing trouble, or

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2.19.1.1–2.20.2.1 ASME A17.2–2001

damage to bearing liners, rollers, or balls. It may winding drum machines may be used for freight
be constructive to run the elevator at inspection elevator only. Open the main line switch and
speed as well as rated speed to fully observe examine hoist rope fastenings in the drum. Note
any deterioration. that the required tag indicates that the ropes
(2) Observe through the access covers to have been refastened within 12 months for
determine whether gears are carrying oil and machines located over the hoistway and within
that oil rings, chains, or other methods of feed- 24 months for machines located at the bottom
ing lubricant, where used, operate freely. or at the side of the hoistway, except where
(b) Inspection Made With Power Off. Examine provided with an auxiliary rope fastening device.
the oil in the gear case and bearing oil wells Visually examine and hammer-test the drum
to determine that it is free of damaging metallic for defects or cracks. Where ropes extend be-
particles or other foreign substances. Check the yond their clamps or sockets, check to see that
oil level and note any leakage. Visually check means have been provided to prevent the rope
the gears and sleeve bearings, where feasible, ends from coming out of the inside of the drum
for excessive wear and scoring. Examine for and interfering with other parts of the machine.
any oil leaks that may damage the flexible part (b) Slack Cable Device. Slack cable devices
of the coupling and for any excessive wear. are only required on winding drum machines.
Verify that when the flexible part of the cou- (1) Inspection Made With Power Off. Deter-
pling fails, it will not completely disengage from mine that there is no interference with free and
each unit. Inspect flexible couplings for wear complete movement of the slack cable device.
and excess slack. Determine that it is located as close as possible
to the machine drum so that the switch will
2.19.2 Periodic Test open with a minimum of slack rope.
2.19.2.1 Electric Elevators. If possible, visually (2) Inspection Made With Power On. Manu-
inspect flexible couplings to determine that fail- ally trip the slack cable device and attempt to
ure of the flexible element will not result in run the car. The enclosed contact must remain
disengagement. open until manually reset.

2.19.3 Acceptance NOTE: The location of slack cable switches can be found in:
(a) the basement machine, in the machine itself;
2.19.4 References (b) the overhead machine, on top of the crosshead or
inside or near the machine; and
2.19.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and (c) the pulley type, on overhead machine.
earlier editions — Section 208 and Rules
1001.2(b)(17) and 1206.1a.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 2.20.2 Periodic Test
ments 2.24, 8.11.2.1.2(q), and 8.6.1.6.2. 2.20.2.1 Electric Elevators
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.8.1.
(a) Machine. With the car resting on its fully
compressed buffers, check that at least one turn
of rope is remaining on the drum.
(b) Slack Cable Device
ITEM 2.20 (1) With the car running, trip the device
WINDING DRUM MACHINE AND SLACK manually using a piece of wood or similar ob-
CABLE DEVICE ject. The enclosed contact must remain open
until manually reset.
2.20.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
If there is any question about the opera-
Editions)
tion of the device, lower the car onto suitable
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
blocking in the pit and determine that the re-
and Later Editions)
sulting slack rope will actually trip the device
2.20.1.1 Electric Elevators and stop the car.
(a) Winding Drum Machine. For elevators in- (2) For double-belt drum machine, check
stalled under A17.1–1955 and later editions, that the driving belt is shifted to the idler pulley.

36
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ASME A17.2–2001 2.20.3–2.22.1.1

2.20.3 Acceptance wear. Belts and chains are required to be re-


placed in matched sets. Check that all machine
2.20.3.1 Electric Elevators. Check that the
belt guards and chain guards are in place and
speed and Code limits of travel are not exceeded
secure.
and that no counterweight is provided.
Check that the broken belt or broken chain
2.20.4 References device interrupts power to the drive machine
and applies the brake if any belt of chain be-
2.20.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and comes slack. Examine belt-shifting forks of dou-
earlier editions — Rules 208.1, 210.2, 212.6, ble-belt machines to determine whether they
212.7, 212.10, 1001.2(b)(18), 1002.2d, and 1206.3. are worn excessively by the edge of the belts,
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- and check their operation while the car is being
ments 2.24.1, 2.26.2, 2.20.2, 2.20.7, 2.20.10, operated up and down the hoistway; note that
8.11.2.1.2(r), 8.11.2.2.4, and 8.6.4.10. the belts shift to the proper pulley without
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.8.2, 3.10.4, 3.12.6, excessive effort.
3.12.7, and 3.12.9. Check all machine fastening bolts, belt guards,
and chair guards. Also, check the fastenings of
any platforms under ceiling machinery. Verify
that the brake is located on the traction sheave
or drum assembly side of the drive machine.
ITEM 2.21
BELT- OR CHAIN-DRIVE MACHINE
2.21.2 Periodic Test

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
2.21.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 2.21.3 Acceptance
and Later Editions)
2.21.1.1 Electric Elevators
(a) The installation of belt-drive machines or 2.21.4 References
chain-drive machines was permitted for freight 2.19.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
elevators in A17.1–1937 and previous editions
earlier editions — Rules 208.9 and 1001.2(b)(19).
when rated speeds did not exceed 60 ft/min
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
(0.30 m/s) subject to the following.
ments 2.24.9 and 8.11.2.1.2(s).
(1) Single belt-drive machines and chain-
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.8.3.
drive machines were permitted, if provided with
electrically released brakes applied directly to
the driving machine and with terminal stopping
devices as required for electric elevators.
(2) Chains for chain-drive machines were
required to be of the multiple-link belt type.
(3) Double belt-drive machines were permit-
ted only when driven from a line shafting sup- ITEM 2.22
plying power for other purposes. MOTOR GENERATOR
(b) Belt-drive and chain-drive machines were 2.22.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
prohibited in A17.1–1955 through A17.1b–1983. Editions)
In A17.1–1983 and later editions, belt-drive and Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
chain-drive machines, also known as indirect- and Later Editions)
drive machines, were permitted subject to limi-
tations. 2.22.1.1 Electric Elevators. Motor-generator
Check for proper number of belts or chains. sets and exciters that are part of the elevator
Examine belts for splice condition, proper ten- control system should operate smoothly, with-
sion, wear, burns, and for cuts and breaks in out excessive noise or vibration. Inspect brushes
the surface. Check drive chains for excessive and commutators as indicated in Item 2.16.1.

37

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2.22.2–2.24.2.1 ASME A17.2–2001

2.22.2 Periodic Test 2.23.3 Acceptance


2.23.3.1 Electric Elevators. If the normal
2.22.3 Acceptance Test of Generator Suicide power source is incapable of absorbing the
Circuit energy generated by an overhauling load, a
2.22.3.1 Electric Elevators. Make a full speed separate means such as a resistor bank must
run, without releveling, with either an empty be provided on the load side of each elevator
car to the bottom landing or a fully loaded car power supply line disconnecting means to ab-
to the top landing. Observe the suicide circuit sorb the regenerated power.
operation in the machine room.
(a) If the loop circuit is of the type that is not 2.23.4 References
opened when the car stops, connect a voltmeter 2.23.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
to brushes on the adjacent brush stems of earlier editions — Rules 210.10, 1001.2(b)(21),
the motor. With the suicide circuit temporarily and 1003.2k.
defeated, observe whether the voltage steadily A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
increases. If so, immediately reestablish the sui- ments 2.26.10, 8.11.2.1.2(u), and 8.10.2.2.2(u).
cide circuit and observe a decrease in voltage, A17.3 — Paragraph 3.10.10.
which verifies that the suicide circuit is op-
erating.
(b) If the loop circuit is the type that is opened
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

when the car stops, connect a voltmeter to


brushes on adjacent brush stems of the motor ITEM 2.24
generator and check for zero voltage with the AC DRIVES FROM A DC SOURCE
brake set.
(c) Make a full speed run, without releveling, 2.24.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
either with an empty car to the bottom landing Editions)
or a fully loaded car to the top landing, and Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
allow the brake to set. Observe that the machine and Later Editions)
does not pull through the brake, thereby ensur-
ing that the restored suicide circuit is effective. 2.24.2 Periodic Test
2.24.2.1 Electric Elevators: Yearly Test of AC
2.22.4 References Drives From a DC Source (for A17.1d–2000 and
Earlier Editions); Category 1 Test of AC Drives
2.22.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
From a DC Source (for A17.1–2000 and Later
earlier editions — Rules 210.9f, 1001.2(b)(20),
Editions). The person or firm installing or main-
and 1003.2j.
taining an AC drive from a DC source should
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
demonstrate that the elevator conforms to Code
ments 2.26.9.7, 8.11.2.1.2(t), and 8.10.2.2.2(t).
requirements.
(a) Run the car and demonstrate that either of
two devices will prevent the flow of alternating
current to the AC motor and cause the car to
stop. At least one of the devices must be an
ITEM 2.23 electromechanical relay, which in its de-ener-
ABSORPTION OF REGENERATED gized position prevents alternating current from
POWER flowing in the hoist motor.
(b) Prevent the above relay from being ener-
2.23.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier gized and register a call. Demonstrate, with the
Editions) doors closed, that the brake will not lift and
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 the car will not move.
and Later Editions) (c) Demonstrate that either of two contactors
in the brake circuit will prevent the brake from
2.23.2 Periodic Test lifting.

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.24.2.1–2.26.1.1

(d) Demonstrate that the operation of any of (d) Rope Changes. Where the material, grade,
the electrical protective devices will cause both number, or diameter of ropes have changed
devices specified in Item 2.22.2(a) to prevent and the existing sheave has been retained, check
the flow of alternating current to the hoist motor. for approval by a licensed professional engineer
or the original equipment manufacturer.
2.24.3 Acceptance
2.25.2 Periodic Test
2.24.4 References
2.25.2.1 Electric Elevators: 5-Year Test (for
2.24.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 5
earlier editions — Rules 210.2, 210.9(e), Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). For
1001.2(b)(22), and 1003.2i. passenger elevators and freight elevators per-
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- mitted to carry employees, the driving machine
ments 2.26.2, 2.26.9.6, 8.11.2.1.2(v), and must safely stop and hold the car with 125%
8.10.2.2.2(m)(3). of the rated load. See Item 2.15.2.

2.25.3 Acceptance
2.25.3.1 Electric Elevators. Check that the
ITEM 2.25 sheaves and drums are permanently and legibly
TRACTION SHEAVES marked to state the minimum groove bottom
diameter permissible for regrooving and re-
2.25.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier quired to maintain structural integrity.
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 2.25.4 References
and Later Editions)
2.25.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
2.25.1.1 Electric Elevators earlier editions — Rules 207.8, 208.2, 208.3, 212,
(a) Inspection Made With Power Off. Inspect 1001.2(b)(23), 1202.14, 1206.1a, and 1206.1b.
fastenings for tightness where demountable A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
sheaves are attached to the sheave spider. Note ments 2.16.8, 2.24.2, 2.24.3, 2.20, 8.11.2.1.2(w),
any evidence of lost motion or misalignment 8.7.2.21, 8.6.1.6.2, and 8.6.4.1.
of the traction sheaves with other sheaves. A17.3 — Paragraph 3.8.1.
Examine the traction sheaves for worn
grooves and determine that all ropes seat to
the same depth in the grooves. Particles of metal
under rope sheaves are evidence of groove or
sheave wear. Carefully examine the sheave for ITEM 2.26
cracks or other deficiencies. See Item 2.24.1. SECONDARY AND DEFLECTOR
(b) Inspection Made With Power On. Excessive SHEAVES
lubrication of the wire ropes or wear of the
2.26.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
sheave grooves may result in reduction of trac-
Editions)
tion. Test traction by operating the empty car
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
in the up direction and stop it by opening the
and Later Editions)
emergency stop switch. Any material reduction
of traction may be noted by observing slippage 2.26.1.1 Electric Elevators. Examine the over-
between ropes and traction sheaves. head secondary and deflector sheaves and test
(c) Regrooving. Prior to regrooving any them with light blows from a small hammer.
sheave or drum, check that the minimum groove If the sound resulting from the blows is dull
bottom diameter will be maintained for struc- and flat, unlike the ring given by sound metal,
tural integrity. For elevators installed under sheave parts should be examined carefully for
A17.1d–1986 and later editions, the sheave or cracks.
drum must be marked to indicate the minimum Examine the sheaves for worn grooves and
permissible groove bottom diameter. determine whether all ropes seat to the same

39

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2.26.1.1–2.28.2.1 ASME A17.2–2001

depth in the grooves. Look for evidence of any 2.27.4 References


misalignment of sheaves. Determine whether
2.27.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
bearing bolts are secure.
earlier editions — Rules 105.3c and 1001.2(b)(25)
Inspect sheave shafts and bearings for wear
and Section 212.
and other defects. Determine whether the shafts
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
and bearings are adequately lubricated.
ments 2.9.3.3 and 8.11.2.1.2(y), and 2.20.
A17.3 — Section 3.12.
2.26.2 Periodic Test

2.26.3 Acceptance
2.26.3.1 Electric Elevators. Record and check
for conformity to approved drawings and speci- ITEM 2.28
fications; the diameter of drums, overhead TERMINAL STOPPING DEVICES
sheaves, and secondary sheaves.

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
2.28.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
2.26.4 References Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
2.26.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and and Later Editions)
earlier editions — Section 208 and Rules
1001.2(b)(24) and 1206.1a. 2.28.1.1 Electric Elevators
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- (a) Traction Machines. In some cases, the nor-
ments 2.24, 8.11.2.1.2(x), 8.6.1.6.2. mal terminal stopping switches are located in
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.8.1. the machine room and operated by a rope,
tape, or chain attached to the car. Examine
these switches for alignment, fastening, cleanli-
ness, and general condition of operation mecha-
nisms.
ITEM 2.27 (b) Winding Drum Machines. Examine the fi-
ROPE FASTENINGS nal terminal stopping switch operated by the
machine for alignment fastening, cleanliness,
2.27.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier lubrication, and general operating condition.
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 2.28.2 Periodic Test
and Later Editions)
2.28.2.1 Electric Elevators
2.27.1.1 Electric Elevators. Examine that sec- (a) Yearly Test of Normal Terminal Stopping
tion of rope between the top of the car and Devices (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions);
the point on the counterweight side which could Category 1 Test of Normal Stopping Devices (for
not be examined from the top of the car or A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). Check normal
from openings in the counterweight runway terminal stopping devices as follows:
enclosure. (1) Render inoperative the normal elevator
Where multiple roping is used, examine over- stopping means.
head rope anchorages (dead-end hitches). Verify (2) Render inoperative the emergency ter-
that the hitch plate supporting the wire rope minal stopping device. Do not disable the emer-
fastenings is mounted on the top of supporting gency terminal speed limiting device.
members. (See Item 3.22.) (3) Run the car at contract speed into the
Verify that all lock nuts and cotter pins are bottom terminal and demonstrate that the car
in place. Verify the data shown on the rope data slows down and stops in the vicinity of the
tag attached to one of the wire rope fastenings. bottom terminal.
(4) Repeat the above test at the top terminal.
2.27.2 Periodic Test (5) Restore the normal stopping means and
emergency terminal stopping device. Check nor-
2.27.3 Acceptance mal elevator operation.

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.28.2.1–2.29.2.1

(b) 5-Year Test of Emergency Terminal Stop- 2.28.4 References


ping and Emergency Speed Limiting Devices
2.28.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
(for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category
earlier editions — Section 209 and Rules
5 Test of Emergency Terminal Stopping and 1001.2(b)(26) and 1002.3f.
Emergency Speed Limiting Devices (for A17.1– A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
2000 and Later Editions). For static control eleva- ments 2.25, 8.11.2.1.2(z), and 8.11.2.3.6.
tors with rated speeds over 500 ft/min (2.54 m/ A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.8.2, 3.9.1, 3.9.2, and
s), installed under A17.1b–1983 through A17.1a– 3.10.4.
1991, or with rated speeds over 200 ft/min (1.02
m/s) installed under A17.1b–1992 and later edi-
tions, use emergency terminal stopping devices
where required, except if an emergency terminal
speed limiting device is used (see Item 3.5.2) ITEM 2.29
or if the normal terminal stopping device limits CAR AND COUNTERWEIGHT SAFETIES
the generator shunt field directly. Check as
follows: 2.29.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
(1) Have the normal elevator stopping Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
means disabled.
and Later Editions)
(2) Have the normal terminal stopping de-
vice disabled. 2.29.1.1 Electric Elevators. See Item 5.8.1.1.
(3) Have the car run at rated speed into the
bottom terminal and verify that the car stops 2.29.2 Periodic Test
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

and power is removed from the driving machine 2.29.2.1 Electric Elevators
motor and brake. It is permissible for the car (a) Yearly Test Inspection of Safeties (for
to restart automatically, provided that no other A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1
electrical protective device has operated. Test Inspection of Safeties (for A17.1–2000 and
(4) Have the above test repeated at the top Later Editions)
terminal. (1) Examine the car and counterweight
(5) Restore the normal stopping means and guide shoes and their fastenings to determine
normal terminal stopping device. Check normal that they are properly secured, aligned, and
operation. adjusted. Check the gibs or rollers for excessive
wear.
(2) Under normal operating conditions, the
clearance between the guide rail and each rail
2.28.3 Acceptance
gripping face of the safety parts is approxi-
mately equal. The distance between the rail
2.28.3.1 Electric Elevators. Perform the test
gripping faces of the safety parts should not
in Item 2.28.2(a) for the bottom normal terminal
be less than the thickness of the guide rail plus
stopping device in the down direction at 125% 9
⁄64 in. (3.4 mm), with a 1⁄16 in. (1.6 mm) minimum
of rated load for passenger elevators and freight between either side of the rail and the gripping
elevators permitted to carry passengers. The face. For elevators installed prior to A17.1–1955,
bottom normal terminal stopping devices of the distance between the rail gripping faces
freight elevators not permitted to carry passen- should not be less than the thickness of the
gers are to be tested with rated load. The top guide rail plus 3⁄32 in. (2.4 mm).
normal terminal stopping devices for all eleva- (3) For elevators employing wood guide
tors must be tested with rated load. The car rails, the distance between the rail gripping
should stop at or near the terminal landings surfaces should not be less than the thickness
with all loads, except where an automatic level- of the rail plus 1⁄4 in. (6.4 mm).
ing device is provided, in which case the normal (4) On drum-operated Type B safeties, in-
terminal stopping device should stop the car spect the safety rope and its deflecting sheaves
within the range of the leveling device. and their fastenings to determine that they are

41

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2.29.2.1 ASME A17.2–2001

TABLE 2.29.2(a) MAXIMUM SAFETY (7) With the elevator car platform at a con-
ROPE PULLOUT venient height, the safety can readily be checked
For Car Safeties: from the pit to determine that:
200 ft/min or less 42 in. (a) all rollers are properly in place;
201 to 375 ft/min 36 in. (b) trip (finger) rods are in position to pick
Over 375 ft/min 30 in. up the rollers;
(c) when the governor rope is pulled to
For Counterweight Safeties:
All speeds 42 in. impart motion to the trip (finger) rods, the roller
must move upward into the ultimate wedged
GENERAL NOTES: positions in the safety block without restriction.
(a) 1 in. p 25.4 mm
(b) 1 ft/min p 5.08 E – 03 m/s
The operation shall be repeated several times
observing that the rollers fall toward the rail.
When the “finger” engages the roller, if there
is any tendency for the roller to fall away from
the rail, a jam between the roller and safety
not worn excessively or corroded, and that the block can result in a safety failure.
rope sheaves are securely fastened and are in (d) normally, the rollers should be at the
operating condition. lowest point of travel resting against the guard;
Safety drum rope must be of a corrosion- have the trip (finger) rods adjusted so that the
resistant material and not be of tiller rope con- rollers engage simultaneously when wedged
struction. Before any test is made on drum between the roller pocket and the guide rail.
safeties, ensure that the proper safety wrench (8) The Code requires a safety mechanism

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
is available, then pull out the safety drum rope switch, operated by the car safety, to be installed
until the safety jaws contact the rail and start on all safeties. While inspecting the safety, de-
to exert pressure. The movement of the safety termine that the switch contacts open before
drum rope, starting from a fully retracted posi- the safety jaws or rollers contact the guide rails.
tion, must not exceed the values based on rated Then open the switch manually and determine
speed shown in Table 2.29.2(a). that the car will not run when the switch is
The number of turns of rope remaining open.
on the safety drum must be sufficient to allow (b) Yearly Test Inspection of Wood Guide Rail
for additional pullout of the safety drum rope Safeties (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions);
to ensure proper operation of the safety when Category 1 Test Inspection of Wood Guide Rail
the governor is operated due to an overspeed Safeties (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions)
condition. (1) The effectiveness of safeties of this type
Reset the safety on completion of the depends on a substantial initial engagement of
above inspection. Keep sufficient tension on the the toothed safety jaw with the wood guide rail
safety drum rope to prevent kinking and to in a manner to produce an increasing engage-
ensure that the rope will be evenly and uni- ment with the rail until the car or counterweight
formly wound on the safety drum with no slack. is brought to rest. Therefore, the condition of the
(5) On Type A and Type B safeties that are guide rails is a prime consideration in making an
self-releasing, it is not necessary to actuate the examination of the equipment.
safety prior to a test. Inspect the mechanism (2) The guide rails must be of first quality
to see that it is clean and lubricated and that selected wood with the width sized to fill the car
there is no corrosion present. guide shoe minus the normal running clearance.
(6) Before checking the adjustments of the Guide rails that are more than 1⁄8 in. (3.2 mm)
trip (finger) rods and rollers, examine all cross- undersize in width or show evidence of “comb-
head pivot points and linkage for lost motion, ing” by the safety jaws should be replaced.
loose or missing set screws, and excessive fric- (3) From the top of the car, examine all
tion. Any lost motion in the actuation lever safety operating parts including levers and link-
should be removed. Lost motion and the inertia age to be sure that all keys and set screws are
of the governor-rope system may cause safety in place and tight. There should not be an
applications under normal starting conditions. excessive amount of lost motion in the transmit-

42

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.29.2.1

tal of movement to the finger rods actuating either case, be careful of the final location so
the safety jaws. that it will be accessible after the test.
(4) From the pit, with the elevator car plat- (3) Type A and self-releasing Type B safeties
form at a convenient height, the safety jaws are released by moving the car or counterweight
can be readily examined and applied against in the up direction. This should be accomplished
the guide rails by pulling the governor rope. with one short move. After one move, be sure
Bring the safety jaws in contact with both guide that the governor has released the governor
rails in such a manner that any downward rope. If it is not released, move the governor
motion of the car would cause the jaw teeth sheave or the jaw to gain this release.
to dig into the rails. (4) The drum-operated Type B safety is re-
(5) When a safety operating switch is pro- leased with a safety wrench from inside the car
vided, the motion of bringing the safety jaws or at the counterweight. This is a two-person
in contact with the rails must be sufficient to operation. One person must be stationed on
operate the switch. top of the car, or in the pit, to hold the governor
(c) Yearly Test of Safeties (for A17.1d–2000 rope so it does not overhaul while the second
and Earlier Editions); Category 1 Test of Safeties person releases and resets the governor. The
(for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions) second person should then proceed to the car
(1) After the safety has been inspected, posi- or counterweight and release the safety while
tion the car or counterweight in the lower por- the first person is holding back on the rope
tion of the hoistway so that it will be accessible and reinsert into the releasing carrier.
after the test. Jump out the switches on the (5) Examine all of the safety parts to deter-
governor and safety (or that part of the safety mine that they have returned to the normal
circuit) that would prevent a full setting of the running positions, and be sure that there is no
safety. Start the car or counterweight, whichever slack in the safety rope.
is being tested, in the down direction at the (6) Inspect the guide rails for scoring and
slowest operating speed and trip the governor loose hardware. Dress any scored rail surface.
by hand. On centrifugal governors that do not (7) It is not necessary to record the stopping
have a dropping jaw, engage the flyweight into distance in this test.
the actuating device before starting the car (8) Determine that all jumpers have been
down. Run the car down until the machine stalls removed.
or drives through the hoisting ropes. Next, open (d) Yearly Test of Wood Guide Rail Safeties
the main line disconnect switch, remove any (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category
jumpers and proceed to the safety being tested. 1 Test of Wood Guide Rail Safeties (for A17.1–
2000 and Later Editions). With governor-oper-
CAUTION: Take care not to stand directly in front of the ated safeties, set the governor in the applied
main line disconnect when opening under full load. Examine position and run the car in the down direction
all parts of the safety equipment to determine if anything
is broken or out of order. See that all ropes are properly
from the controller to see that it will operate
on the drum to fully apply the safety, be sure that not the safety. Continue to operate until the ropes
less than three turns of rope remain on the drum. This is slip on traction machines or slacken on drum
necessary to meet the requirement of not less than three machines. For Type A safeties without gover-
turns remaining on the drum after a rated load, rated nors, set blocking in the pit securely and run
speed test. Flexible guide clamp safeties that are drum-
operated do not require any turns of rope to remain on
the car down slowly to see that the jaws come
the drum after a test. into proper position when a slack rope is ob-
tained.
(2) Check the platform for level. All elevators (e) 5-Year Test of Safeties (Rated Load, Rated
installed under A17.1–1955 and later editions Speed) (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions);
must not be out of level more than 3⁄8 in./ft (31 Category 5 Test of Safeties (Rated Load, Rated
mm/m) in any direction. Speed) (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions)
Elevators installed prior to A17.1–1955
must not be out of level more than 1⁄2 in./ft (42 CAUTION: Take care not to stand directly in front of the
mm/m) in any direction. Counterweight safeties main line disconnect when opening and closing. Do not
may be set in the pit or just above the car. In permit any person to ride the car during the 5-year test

43

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2.29.2.1 ASME A17.2–2001

(for A17.1d–2000 and earlier editions), Category 5 test (for order to determine the distance the car will
A17.1–2000 and later editions). travel after the governor is tripped. Spot the
car or counterweight this distance above the
(1) Place the rated load on the elevator car point where the stop is desired. Put a reference
platform using test weights, centered on each mark on a suspension rope (chalk mark or tape).
quarter symmetrically with relation to the cen- Move the car or counterweight up a few floors,
terline. Test counterweight safeties with no load far enough to reach your mark at full speed.
in the car. Jump out any governor switches, Start the car or counterweight down and trip
or any part of the safety circuit, that will prevent the governor by hand when you see the mark.
a full setting of the safety. Shut down adjacent Let the elevator run until the machine stops or
cars during test. If you are testing a drum-type drives through the ropes (on winding drum
safety, you must shut down any car adjacent machines, stop at the first indication of slack
to the releasing carrier, and keep it shut down rope), then immediately remove power from
until all slack in the safety rope is under control. the hoisting machine. If a normal safety setting
If a safety wrench is to be used, put it in the occurs, put all the cars back in service, except
elevator car and remove the release hole cover the one being worked on and the one adjacent
on the car floor. Do not insert the wrench into to the releasing carrier. On an elevator with a
the release hole until after the safety is applied. winding drum machine, be sure to take up any
(2) For drum-operated Type B safeties, the slack rope before the safety is released.
safety mechanism switch (plank switch) must (5) Remove electrical jumpers and reset the
not be jumped out. For the duration of the test, governor, unless it is a drum-operated safety.
this switch must be temporarily adjusted to If it is drum operated, one person will go to
open as close as possible to the position at the car top and hold the safety rope as the
which the car safety mechanism is in the fully governor is reset. Inspect the governor for any
applied position. The opening of this switch has damage.
an effect on the safety slide, which must be (6) Proceed to the elevator car to release
taken into consideration. the safety. Before the safety is released, check
(3) When testing safeties, the following the platform for level. On all elevators installed
steps must be considered: under A17.1–1955 and later editions, it must
(a) Before setting the car safety, tie down not be out of level more than 3⁄8 in./ft (31 mm/
the counterweight safety lift lever with four m) in any direction. On elevators installed prior
wraps of No. 16 gage copper wire or equivalent. to A17.1–1955, it must not be out of level more
This will avoid an accidental setting of the coun- than 1⁄2 in./ft (42 mm/m) in any direction. Eleva-
terweight safety by inertia. Do not block the tors installed prior to A17.1–1955 are allowed
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

counterweight safety; it must remain workable. a greater flexibility of stopping distance than
Reverse the procedure for testing counterweight shown in Table 2.29.2(b). For gradual wedge
safeties. clamp, flexible guide clamp, and wedge clamp
(b) Most compensating-rope sheaves (constant retarding force) Type B safeties, see
have a tie-down device. This device will proba- Tables 2.29.2(c), 2.29.2(d), and 2.29.2(e).
bly lock when a safety is set. To avoid the work (7) Generally, it will not be possible to in-
required to release the device, it is recom- spect the safety due to the location of the car;
mended that the device be made inoperative therefore, the safety must be released. To do
or be removed and the compensating-rope this on other than drum-operated Type B safe-
sheave be tied down with a line to keep it in ties, move the car or counterweight, whichever
place. is being tested, in the up direction. On drum-
(c) Make sure that any adjustable stops operated safeties, after checking for at least
on the governor tension sheave are set very three turns of rope remaining on the drum,
close to the movable unit. wind in the safety drum rope while a second
(d) Make sure that the buffers are fully person is standing on top of the car holding
extended and filled to a normal level with oil. back on the rope. To complete the winding, he
(4) Add the dimension of the safety rope must insert the minie ball into the releasing
pullout to the estimated stopping distance in carrier. Move the car, or counterweight, and

44

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.29.2.1

TABLE 2.29.2(b) MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM TABLE 2.29.2(c) GRADUAL WEDGE CLAMP
STOPPING DISTANCES FOR TYPE B CAR SAFETY
SAFETIES WITH RATED LOAD, AND TYPE B Maximum
COUNTERWEIGHT SAFETIES WITH NO LOAD Stopping
IN THE CAR Distance Minimum Stopping Distance
Stopping Distances Governor Car + Rated Car + Rated
Tripping Load or for Load or for
Rated Speed, Minimum, Maximum,
Speed, Counterweight, Car + 150 lb, Counterweight,
ft/min ft-in. ft-in.
ft/min ft-in. ft-in. ft-in.
0 to 125 0-1 1-0
175 6-2 1-5 1-11
150 0-1 1-1
200 6-3 1-5 2-0
175 0-2 1-3
300 6-11 1-6 2-4
200 0-2 1-4
400 7-10 1-8 2-7
225 0-3 1-6
500 8-10 1-11 2-11
250 0-3 1-7
600 9-11 2-1 3-4
300 0-5 1-11
700 11-1 2-4 3-10
350 0-7 2-4
800 12-4 2-7 4-6
400 0-9 2-10
900 13-6 3-0 5-4
450 0-11 3-4
1,000 14-8 3-6 6-1
500 1-1 3-11
1,100 16-0 4-0 7-0
600 1-7 5-3
1,200 17-4 4-7 8-0
700 2-2 6-10
1,300 18-6 5-1 9-0
800 2-9 8-9
1,400 19-8 5-8 10-1
900 3-6 10-10
1,500 21-1 6-2 11-1
1,000 4-4 13-2
1,100 5-2 15-9 GENERAL NOTES:
1,200 6-2 18-7 (a) For elevators installed prior to A17.1–1955.
1,300 7-3 21-8 (b) 1 ft/min p 5.08 E – 03 m/s
1,400 8-5 25-0 (c) 1 in. p 25.4 mm
1,500 9-8 28-7
1,600 11-0 32-5
1,700 12-5 36-5
1,800 13-11 40-9 surface. Also, check for any loose rail or bracket
fastenings.
GENERAL NOTES: (10) To inspect a car safety, move the car
(a) This table is for rated load, rated speed test only. Use Table
2.17.3 in the Code for rated load, overspeed test only.
to a convenient height above the pit floor. A
(b) Use Table 2.17.3 of the A17.1 Code when performing counterweight safety can be inspected from the
acceptance tests. car top. Examine all parts of the equipment to
(c) 1 ft/min p 5.08 E – m/s
(d) 1 in. p 25.4 mm
determine if any are broken or out of order.
Be sure that the ropes are in their sheave
grooves and are properly wound on the drum.
Be sure that the safety has returned to the
measure the safety slide mark on the rails. The normal running position.
stopping distance is the average length of the (11) After the safety tests are complete:
continuous marks on all four rail faces after (a) remove any jumpers from the safety
deducting the length of the safety jaw or wedge. switches;
See Item 2.29.2(f) for a detailed description of (b) remove any line from the compensat-
measuring safety slide marks. ing-rope sheave;
(8) The stopping distance must be within (c) replace the tie-down device or any of
the range shown in Table 2.29.2(b). The stopping its parts that were removed;
distance permitted is determined by the tripping (d) remove any tie down that was
speed of the governor. When performing a rated wrapped on the car or counterweight safety lift
load, rated speed test, the rated speed is the lever;
speed at which the governor is tripped during (e) readjust the safety-mechanism switch.
this test. (12) Ensure the required test tags are in-
(9) Check the rails and dress any scored stalled.

45

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2.29.2.1 ASME A17.2–2001

TABLE 2.29.2(d) FLEXIBLE GUIDE CLAMP TABLE 2.29.2(e) WEDGE CLAMP SAFETY
SAFETY (CONSTANT RETARDING FORCE)
Maximum Maximum
Stopping Stopping
Distance Minimum Stopping Distance Distance Minimum Stopping Distance

Governor Car + Rated Car + Rated Governor Car + Rated Car + Rated
Tripping Load or for Load or for Tripping Load or for Load or for
Speed, Counterweight, Car + 150 lb, Counterweight, Speed, Counterweight, Car + 150 lb, Counterweight,
ft/min ft-in. ft-in. ft-in. ft/min ft-in. ft-in. ft-in.

175 0-10 0-5 0-6 175 1-4 0-10 0-10


200 0-11 0-6 0-7 200 1-6 0-11 1-0
300 1-7 0-7 0-8 300 2-0 1-0 1-2
400 2-5 0-8 1-1 400 2-10 1-2 1-7
500 3-5 0-11 1-6 500 3-11 1-5 2-0
600 4-10 1-2 1-11 600 5-2 1-7 2-5
700 6-5 1-6 2-5 700 6-8 1-11 3-0
800 8-2 1-10 3-2 800 8-6 2-2 3-7
900 10-4 2-2 3-11 900 10-8 2-7 4-4
1,000 12-7 2-7 4-8 1,000 12-11 3-0 5-1
1,100 15-2 3-0 5-8 1,100 15-6 3-6 6-0
1,200 18-0 3-6 6-8 1,200 18-5 4-0 7-1
1,300 21-1 4-0 7-10 1,300 21-8 4-7 8-2
1,400 24-7 4-7 8-11 1,400 25-0 5-1 9-4
1,500 28-0 5-2 10-0 1,500 28-3 5-7 10-5

GENERAL NOTES: GENERAL NOTES:


(a) ft/min p 5.08 E – 03 m/s (a) For elevators installed prior to A17.1–1955.
(b) 1 in. p 25.4 mm (b) 1 ft/min p 5.08 E – 03 m/s
(c) 1 in. p 25.4 mm

(f) Determination of Slide on the Guide the marks, to 45 deg with the light considerably
Rails for Type B Safeties below the marks. Often it is possible to pick
(1) General. Following a safety test, there up the marks with the light source almost in
is often considerable difficulty in determining line with the face of the guide rail.
the actual slide of the safety jaws on the guide (3) Marks on Dry Guide Rails. When the
rails. In the case of a well-lubricated rail, the guide rail is dry, as is the case with roller guides,
first action of the closing jaws is to squeeze the mark may be very difficult to determine as
out the film of oil or grease. This area of reduced there is no disturbed film of lubricant to aid in
lubrication is often mistaken for part of the its location. However, by carefully adjusting the
mark but should not be included in the mea- position of the light source and changing the
sured sliding distance. Start the measurement angle of vision, it is generally possible to deter-
at the point where actual contact is made by mine the point at which the mark starts.
a jaw on the guide rail and is generally indicated (4) Determination of Final Position of Jaws.
by a slight roughening along the line of travel As the jaws tend to bite more deeply into the
of the jaw. This has a somewhat different color, guide rail after full application, even with types
the guide rail looks gray in contrast with the where the pressure of the jaws on the guide
polished surface. rail is designed to remain constant, there is
(2) Effect of Illumination. The angle of illu- little difficulty, as a rule, in determining the final
mination and the position of the observer have position of the jaws. Where the guide rails are
much to do with the ease with which the marks lubricated, the terminal mark may generally be
may be identified. The marks showing in Figs. indicated by the piling up of oil or grease below
2.29.2(a) and 2.29.2(b) are the same marks the safety shoe; frequently the entire print of
viewed from the same position with identical the shoe or gib may be seen on the guide rail
exposures but with the illumination changed in the final stop position.
from 60 deg with the light level with the end of (5) Interrupted Marks. It occasionally hap-

46

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.29.2.1–2.29.4.1

Guide rail Guide rail

A A

measure all four sides


measure all four sides

Slide distance;
Slide distance;

B
B

NOTES: NOTES:
(1) A — Start of slide. (1) A — Start of slide.
(2) B — End of slide. (2) B — End of slide.

FIG. 2.29.2(a) SAFETY MARKS ON GUIDE FIG. 2.29.2(b) SAFETY MARKS ON GUIDE
RAILS, POOR ILLUMINATION RAILS, GOOD ILLUMINATION

pens that the safety jaws will come in contact down direction by tripping the governor jaws
with the guide rail and leave a mark for a certain by hand. Also, test the inertia application of
distance, and then the mark will be lost for a safety.
distance of a few inches or perhaps a foot. This (b) Type B and Type C safeties are tested as
may be due to several causes, among them outlined in Item 2.29.2(e), and must be subject
slight deviations in the alignment of the guide to overspeed tests. Gradually increase the speed
rails, variations in thickness, or the sudden en- of the car until the governor causes application
gagement of the governor rope by the governor, of the safety. Determine that the stopping dis-
with a following jump of the governor rope that tance is in compliance with the maximum and
will permit the jaws to clear for a small fraction minimum slide distances allowed. On elevators
of a second. In no case should these preliminary equipped with AC driving machine motors,
marks be considered in the measurement of where the car with its rated load does not cause
the slide. Measure the slide from the highest sufficient overspeed when the machine brake
point of the continuous marking only. is released to trip the governor jaws, the safeties
(6) Measurement of Stopping Distance. De- must be tested by operating the car at its normal
termine the stopping distance by measuring the speed in the down direction and tripping the
length of the marks made by the safety on both governor jaw by hand.
sides of each guide rail, deducting the length (c) Counterweight safeties, where provided,
of the safety jaw or wedge, and taking the must be tested with no load in the car.
average of the four measurements.

2.29.3 Acceptance Test of Governor and 2.29.4 References


Safeties 2.29.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
2.29.3.1 Electric Elevators earlier editions — Sections 205 and 1306, Table
(a) Test Type A governor-operated safeties by 205.3, and Rules 1001.2(b)(29), 1002.2b, 1002.3a,
operating the car at its normal speed in the 1003.2, and 1202.6.

47
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2.29.4.1–2.31.3.2 ASME A17.2–2001

A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- the valve is not intact, test adjustment and
ments 2.17 and 8.2.6, Table 2.17.3, and Require- sealing must be required.
ments 8.11.2.1.2(cc), 8.11.2.2.2, 8.11.2.3.1,
8.10.2.2, and 8.7.2.18. 2.31.2 Periodic Test
A17.3 — Sections 3.5 and 3.6 and para.
3.10.4(m). 2.31.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators: Yearly Test (for
A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
NOTE: Items 2.30 through 2.37 apply to hydraulic eleva-
tors only. Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). Have
an inspectors pressure gauge installed in the
system. There is usually a fitting provided for
this in the machine room. Test the relief valve
by inching the car at slow speed against the
ITEM 2.30 stop ring. Then cause the controls to attempt
HYDRAULIC POWER UNIT to run the car at full speed and read the gauge.
The full output of the pump should bypass at
2.30.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
a gauge reading 150% or less of the working
Editions)
pressure.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
After the test, check the car for proper opera-
and Later Editions)
tion and visually inspect the system or leaks.
2.30.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators After this test, the means of adjustment must
(a) Motor. Have the elevator operated in the
be sealed. The annual test of flexible hydraulic
up direction, making several starts, and observe
hose and fitting assembly (Item 2.17) may be
the operation of the motor, pump, and drive.
conducted concurrently with this relief valve
Check for excessive noise, misalignment, and
test.
loose mounting.
(b) Pump. The pump should be checked for A17.1–1971 and later editions require that the
leaks around the shaft and for unusual noise working pressure be on a plate mounted on
that could be caused by cavitation due to a the power unit.
partially plugged suction line or strainer or low
oil level. 2.31.3 Acceptance

2.30.3 Acceptance 2.31.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check the work-


ing pressure given on the elevator layout with
2.30.4 References that on the tank plate. If these agree, verify
2.30.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 them by installing an inspectors pressure gauge
and earlier editions — Section 304; and Rules in the system, at or near the cylinder; run the
1004.2(b)(13) and 1206.5. car up at rated speed with rated load. The gauge
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- should read the working pressure. For elevators
ments 3.24, 8.11.3.1.2(m), and 8.6.5. with Class C2 loading, place the maximum static
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Sections 250-110, 250-112, load on the elevator then run it down about 2
and 620-82. in. (54 mm) to 3 in. (76 mm) on inspection.
Then turn it back on automatic and read the
pressure as the car levels up. If the gauge is
installed at the power unit, the pressure will
ITEM 2.31 be slightly more than the pressure at the cylin-
RELIEF VALVES der. This difference is dependent on the length
2.31.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier and configuration of the supply piping and
Editions) speed of the elevator. In some cases this differ-
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 ence is very small and can be ignored.
and Later Editions)
CAUTION: When installing a gauge at the cylinder, the car
2.31.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators: Relief Valve. Ex- must be blocked during its installation and removal and
amine the relief valve and verify that it is sealed the gauge should be installed so that it can be read from
to prevent tampering. If the means of sealing outside the hoistway.

48

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.31.4–2.33.1.2

2.31.4 References 2.32.2 Periodic Test

2.31.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 2.32.3 Acceptance


and earlier editions — Section 308; Rules 303.1,
2.32.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check the man-
303.2, 303.4b, 1004.2(b)(13), 1005.2a, and
ual lowering valve for identification function
1006.2b; and Section 3 (Definitions).
and location.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 3.28, 3.19.1, 3.19.2, 3.19.4.2, 8.11.3.1.2(m), 2.32.4 References
8.11.3.2.1, and 8.10.3.2.2(m); and 1.3 (Defini-
tions). 2.32.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
A17.3 — Paragraph 4.4.1. and earlier editions — Section 303 and Rule
1004.2(b)(15).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 3.19 and 8.11.3.1.2(o).
A17.3 — Section 4.4.

ITEM 2.32
CONTROL VALVE ITEM 2.33
TANKS
2.32.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions) 2.33.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 Editions)
and Later Editions) Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions)
2.32.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators
2.33.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators
(a) Control Valve. The valves, fittings, and (a) Atmospheric Storage and Discharge
interconnecting piping should be checked for Tanks. Examine the discharge tank for corrosion
pressure rating, leakage, and adequate support. and leaks. Note whether the tank is covered
(b) Manual Lowering Valve and Anticreep Ele- to prevent entrance of foreign material and is
vators. Manual lowering valve and anticreep suitably vented to the atmosphere. Determine
elevators installed under the A17.1–1984 and whether there is sufficient liquid remaining in
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

later editions are required to have a manual the tank when the car is at the highest point
lowering valve identified and located on or adja- of its travel to cover the intake and to prevent
cent to the control valve. cavitation. A means is required for indicating
Check the operation of the manual low- the permissible minimum liquid level.
ering valve and the anticreep leveling device (b) Pressure Tanks
as follows: (1) Determine whether the tank installed un-
(a) Position the car at a landing in response der A17.1–1971 and later editions, or any re-
to operation by the normal landing device. placement tank, is marked to indicate that it
(b) Lower the car by opening the manual was made and tested in conformance with Sec-
lowering valve to initiate a downward move- tion VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel
ment. The pump motor should start when or Code. This may be stamped on the tank or on
before the car exceeds 1 in. (25 mm) from the a data plate attached in such a manner that
floor. removal would result in its destruction. The
(c) Close the manual lowering valve [the following information should be included:
car should be within 1 in. (25 mm) of the floor (a) name of manufacturer;
when the pump motor stops]. (b) maximum allowable working pressure
See Item 3.7 for additional information and at temperature;
procedure for testing the anticreep device when (c) minimum design metal temperature;
there is no manual lowering valve. (d) manufacturers serial number; and

49

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2.33.1.2–2.34.2.2 ASME A17.2–2001

(e) the year built. data required by the ASME Boiler and Pressure
(2) Examine for corrosion, leaks, badly cor- Vessel Code should be verified (see Item
roded surfaces, or any indication of cracking or 2.16.1.2).
failure of the metal. If any of the above condi-
tions exist, recommend that a hydraulic eleva- 2.33.4 References
tors static test be performed in accordance with 2.33.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
the ASME Pressure Vessel Code. Check the and earlier editions — Section 304; and Rules
tank for: 1004.2(b)(16), 1005.3b, 1203.6, and 1206.5b.
(a) a pressure gauge; A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
(b) a place to install an inspectors ments 3.24, 8.11.3.1.2(p), 8.11.3.3.2, 8.7.3.29,
gauge; and 8.6.5.1, 8.6.5.2, 8.6.5.5, and 8.6.5.6.
(c) a liquid level gauge. A17.3 — Section 4.5.
Verify that these are in good working
order and install an inspectors gauge to check
the accuracy of the permanently installed gauge.

2.33.2 Periodic Test


ITEM 2.34
2.33.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators: 3-Year Inspec- FLEXIBLE HYDRAULIC HOSE AND
tion and Test of Pressure Tanks (for A17.1d– FITTING ASSEMBLIES
2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 3 Test and
Test Pressure Tanks (for A17.1–2000 and Later 2.34.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions) Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
WARNING: Hydraulic elevators static test can be dangerous
if not performed by qualified persons.
and Later Editions)

The pressure tank should be thoroughly 2.34.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Visually exam-
cleaned and inspected both internally and exter- ine flexible hydraulic hoses, fitting assemblies,
nally. It should be subjected to Hydraulic Eleva- and flexible couplings for evidence of leakage,
tors static test at 150% of the working pressure. slippage of hose fittings, and damage to outer
This is done by removing all control devices, hose covering sufficient to expose reinforce-
and isolating the tank. A calibrated inspector’s ment or cause distortion or bulging of hose
gauge with maximum reading twice the test body. Such damage will warrant further test.
pressure must be installed. Check hose and fitting assemblies for proper
The tank is then filled completely with water. identification and permanent marking and re-
Care must be taken to remove all of the air placement date.
from the tank. If air or any compressible gas
2.34.2 Periodic Test
is trapped in the tank, the test will become
dangerous. A hand pump can then be used to 2.34.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators: Yearly Test (for
provide the test pressure. The tank should be A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1
held at the test pressure for at least 1 min Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). From
and inspected for leaks, distortions, or damage. the machine room have the car inched up at
Since there is no compressible fluid (air or other slow speed until the stop ring is engaged. Then
gas) in the tank, a very small leak will cause operate the system at rated speed to provide
a rapid loss of pressure. This may be cause for full relief valve bypass pressure for 30 s. While
replacement of the tank. under pressure, observe the hose for any signs
After the test, the tank must be thoroughly of leakage, slippage of hose fittings, damage
cleaned before returning to service. to outer hose covering, bulging, or distortion
of the hose body. Any of these signs require
2.33.3 Acceptance replacement of the hose. Have a metal tag
2.33.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. The tank should attached to the hose in a permanent manner
be visually inspected for damage that may have indicating the date of the test and the name of
resulted from handling and installation. The the person or firm that performed the test.

50

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.34.3–2.35.4.2

TABLE 2.34.3 MINIMUM BEND RADIUS FOR system. In such cases the replacement part
SAE 100R2 HOSE pressure rating should be checked by examining
From SAE J517 100R2 Hose the rating supplied by the manufacturer. Also,
inspect the piping for support to prevent undue
ID OD Minimum Burst Minimum Bend stress due to weight of pipe or other equipment.
in. in. Pressure, psi Radius, in.
Check fittings for absence of corrosion, leaks,
1 31
⁄2 ⁄32 14,000 7 and evidence of excessive vibration. On grooved
5 3
⁄8 1 ⁄32 11,000 8 fittings, check that the housing segments are
3 1
⁄4 1 ⁄4 9,000 91⁄2
7
⁄8 1 1
⁄8 8,000 11
bolt pad to bolt pad, that coupling keys are in
1 1 9
⁄16 8,000 12 the pipe groove, that bolt heads are seated and
11⁄4 2 6,500 161⁄2 nuts are tight.
11⁄2 2 1
⁄4 5,000 20
3
2 2 ⁄4 4,000 25

GENERAL NOTE: 1 in. p 25.4 mm 2.35.2 Periodic Test

2.34.3 Acceptance Test 2.35.3 Acceptance

2.34.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check that the 2.35.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. The Code re-
hose is not installed in the hoistway or projects quires a material safety factor of 5 and elonga-
into or through any wall. Check for twists, kinks, tion of not less than 10% for valves, fittings,
or sharp bending radius. See Table 2.34.3. and supply piping. Most valve and fitting are
rated with a material safety factor of 3. There-
2.34.4 References fore, the manufacturers published rating should
2.34.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 be down rated for elevator application. This can
and earlier editions — Rules 303.3c, be done by multiplying the published rating by
1004.2(b)(17), and 1005.2d. 3 and dividing by 5 (Example: Manufacturer’s
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- rating 1,000 psi, 1000 ⴛ 3⁄5 p 600 psi).
ments 3.19.3.3, 8.11.3.1.2(q), and 8.11.3.2.4. If the manufacturer’s rating is based on a
safety factor other than 3, the actual safety
factor should be used in the above equation.
The elongation requirements prohibit the use
of cast iron, malleable iron, and some brass/
bronze materials. Some valves manufactured
ITEM 2.35
by or for the elevator manufacturer may be
SUPPLY LINE AND SHUTOFF
rated to meet the requirements of the elevator
VALVE code by the elevator manufacturer.
2.35.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Verify that pipe fittings have been installed
Editions) in locations that permit disassembly and inspec-
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 tion of components.
and Later Editions)
2.35.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Inspect the sup-
ply line between the cylinder and the pumping 2.35.4 References
unit for leaks, adequate support, vibration, or
other evidence of damage. The manufacturer 2.35.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
rating of the piping working pressure must be and earlier editions — Section 303 and Rule
greater than the working pressure indicated on 1004.2(b)(18).
the power unit. A careful examination of the A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
piping and fittings will indicate if a replacement ments 3.19 and 8.11.3.1.2(r).
has been made that does not match rest of the A17.3 — Paragraph 4.4.4.

51
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ITEM 2.36–2.38.2 ASME A17.2–2001

ITEM 2.36 and cylinder. Visually inspect for condition and


HYDRAULIC CYLINDERS damage.

2.36.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier 2.37.2 Periodic Test


Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 2.37.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators: Yearly Test (for
and Later Editions) A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1
Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). Test
2.36.2 Periodic Test the pressure switch in the following manner:
(a) Place the car at any landing except the
2.36.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators: Yearly Test (for bottom landing.
A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1 (b) Remove one electrical lead from the pres-
Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). This sure switch and try to run the car in the down
test should be performed after the relief valve direction. If the car will not run by normal
test in Item 2.31 and the flexible hose test in means, open the main line disconnect switch.
Item 2.34. Cylinders that cannot be inspected Connect a circuit continuity tester, such as an
visually should be tested in the following man- ohmmeter, across the pressure switch and lower
ner with no load in the car. Mark the location the car on the buffer with the manual lowering
of the car at any convenient position. Open the valve.
disconnect switch for 15 min. Note the position (c) The ohmmeter should indicate that the
of the car platform with respect to the reference pressure switch is open when the car comes
mark. A change in car position that cannot to rest on the buffer.
be accounted for by visible oil leakage, valve
leakage, or temperature change of the oil indi- 2.37.3 Acceptance
cates a leak of the cylinder or in the underground
piping and a need for further inspection, tests, 2.37.4 References
or repairs.
2.37.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
2.36.3 Acceptance and earlier editions — Rules 306.14,
1004.2(b)(20), and 1005.2e.
2.36.4 References A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
2.36.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 ments 3.26.8, 8.11.3.1.2(t), and 8.11.3.2.5.
and earlier editions — Rules 302.3, 1004.2(b)(19),
and 1005.2b.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 3.18.3, 8.11.3.1.2(s), and 8.11.3.2.2.
ITEM 2.38
ROPED WATER HYDRAULIC
ELEVATORS

ITEM 2.37 2.38.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier


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PRESSURE SWITCH Editions)


Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
2.37.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier and Later Editions)
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 2.38.2 Periodic Test: 3-Year Test (for A17.1d–
and Later Editions) 2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 3
Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later
2.37.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. For elevators in-
Editions)
stalled under A17.1–1981 and later editions, a
pressure switch is required if the top of the Check the condition of the rod at the thread
cylinder is above the storage tank. This switch end, which is where the bolt and nut are against
is to prevent operation of the valves if there is the plunger. This should be done on the bottom
no pressure in the line between the down valve and top ends. It is very common for the rod

52

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ASME A17.2–2001 2.38.2–2.38.4

to break where the thread and nut end are


against the plunger of packing thread.

2.38.3 Acceptance

2.38.4 References
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PART 3
ELEVATOR — TOP OF CAR

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS (i) As a general rule, it is advisable to start


the inspection from the top of the hoistway.
Observe the following precautions when mak-
ing inspections from the top of the car:
(a) Be sure to have a firm and secure surface,
free of oil and grease, on which to stand. If
the car top is not clean, have it cleaned before
the inspection is made (Rule 1206.2c). ITEM 3.1
(b) Use special care where car tops are curved TOP-OF-CAR STOP SWITCH
or domed. 3.1.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
(c) Test the strength of the car top before Editions)
subjecting it to the entire body weight. Avoid Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
standing on the car top emergency exit cover Later Editions)
or equipment.
(d) Be sure to have a firm hold on the cross- Check the top-of-car stop switch in both direc-
head or other parts of the car structure when tions to assure it is functioning properly and
the car is moving. in compliance with the Code before proceeding
with the inspection.
NOTE: When inspecting electric elevators, never hold the
ropes. The practice of holding ropes may result in a serious
3.1.2 Periodic Test
injury on an elevator equipped with 2:1 roping.

(e) If there is an adjacent car in the hoistway, 3.1.3 Acceptance


be careful to keep all parts of the body within
the limits of the car being inspected. Keep inside 3.1.4 References
the limits of the car area when the car is moving
3.1.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
to avoid contact with counterweights or projec-
earlier editions — Rules 210.2(h) and
tions in the hoistway.
1001.2(c)(1).
NOTE: When inspecting electric elevators, be alert to coun- A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
terweights of elevators that may be located adjacent to the ments 2.26.2.8 and 8.11.2.1.3(a).
elevator being inspected. A17.3 — Paragraph 3.10.4(e).
(f) Check the car top stop switch for proper 3.1.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
operation and be prepared to use it in case of earlier editions — Rules 306.4 and 1004.2(c)(1).
an emergency. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
(g) Check the top-of-car operating device (Rule ments 3.26.4 and 8.11.3.1.3(a).
210.1d), for proper operation before using it to A17.3 — Paragraph 4.7.4(a).
operate the car during inspection.
(h) Where the overhead car clearance is lim-
ited, it is important to observe overhead obstruc-
tions. This is particularly important where a
working platform is provided on top of the car.
ITEM 3.2
NOTE: Working platforms are prohibited by Rule 204.1g. CAR TOP LIGHT AND OUTLET

54

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.2.1–3.4.1.1

3.2.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier 3.3.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions) Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
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Later Editions) Later Editions)


For elevators installed under A17.1–1979 and Check top-of-car operating device for proper
later editions, check that a light and outlet have operation. See Top-of-Car Safety Precautions
been provided and that they are operational. para. (8). A17.1d–1970 and later editions and
The light must be guarded to prevent damage A17.3 require that the means to transfer control
when accidentally hit by a person moving onto be on top of the car between the crosshead
or around on the car top. For elevators installed and the access entrance. If separate additional
under the 1993 ANSI/NFPA 70, verify that the means are provided for making power door or
outlet is GFCI protected. The 1996 ANSI/NFPA automatic car leveling devices operative, verify
70 requires the receptacle be the GFCI type. that operation is by constant pressure means.
Test GFCI operation with either the built-in test
button or GFCI tester. 3.3.2 Periodic Test

CAUTION: If the GFCI protection is not in the receptacle, 3.3.3 Acceptance


the top car light will go out when it is tested.
3.3.4 References
3.2.2 Periodic Test 3.3.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 204.1g, 210.1d, and
3.2.3 Acceptance
1001.2(c)(3).
Check the GFCI receptacle operation using A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
the test button. Use a receptacle tester to check ments 2.14.1.7, 2.26.1.4, and 8.11.2.1.3(c).
the receptacle for grounding and polarity. The A17.3 — Paragraph 3.10.3.
inspector is not required to have the unit disas-
3.3.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
sembled but should visually inspect the installa-
earlier editions — Rules 306.2 and 1004.2(c)(3).
tion for evidence of nonlisted components. Also,
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
see Item 2.11.3(c) for car lighting disconnect
ments 3.26.2 and 8.11.3.1.3(c).
located in the machine room.
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.10.3 and 4.7.2.
3.2.4 References
3.2.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 204.7 and 1001.2(c)(2).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- ITEM 3.4
ments 2.14.7 and 8.11.2.1.3(b). TOP-OF-CAR CLEARANCE AND
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.4.5. REFUGE SPACE
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Section 210-7.
3.4.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
3.2.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and Editions)
earlier editions — Rules 204.7 {301.7} and Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
1004.2(c)(2). Later Editions)
A17.1–2000 and Later Editions — Require-
ments 2.14.7 {3.14} and 8.11.3.1.3(b). 3.4.1.1 Electric Elevators. Check the refuge
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.4.5 {4.2.3}. space for elevators installed under A17.1–1978
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Section 210-7. and later editions.
Before making any inspections or tests, deter-
mine the available top car clearance. Where
possible, determine this by placing the car with
its floor level with the top terminal landing.
ITEM 3.3 Care must be exercised in measuring this clear-
TOP-OF-CAR OPERATING DEVICE ance from the car top as, in many existing

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3.4.1.1–3.4.2 ASME A17.2–2001

elevators, the top clearance may be insufficient Prior to A17.1–1978, neither the refuge space
to permit a person to stand when the car floor nor the 6 in. (152 mm) clearance shown in Fig.
is level with the top terminal landing. Where 3.4.1.2 was required. A17.1–1955 through 1977
the clearance appears to be insufficient, stop required only that the top car clearance be equal
the car at or below the top landing and the top to the sum of the top car runby plus 2 ft
car clearance determined as follows: (609 mm), or the distance that any equipment
(a) Measure the distance from the top of the projected above the crosshead or car top if
car crosshead to the nearest obstruction directly there is no crosshead provided.
above it. For elevators installed under A17.1–1955
(b) Measure the projection of any sheaves, or through A17.1–1986, overhead beams or
other equipment mounted in or on the car hoistway construction located vertically over car
crosshead, above the top of the crosshead. must be located at least 2 ft (609 mm) horizon-
(c) Measure the distance from the top of any tally from the crosshead. For elevators installed
equipment mounted on top of the car (not under A17.1–1987 and later editions, the mea-
the car crosshead) to the nearest obstruction surement should be made from the lowest part
directly above it. of the obstruction or beam over the car.
(d) For underslung car frames, measure the Care must be exercised in measuring this
distance between the overhead car rope dead clearance from the car top as, in many existing
end hitch or overhead car sheave and the por- elevators, the top clearance may be insufficient
tions of the car structure directly below them. to permit a person to stand when the car floor
(e) Subtract the distance, if any, the car floor is level with the top terminal landing. Where
is below the top terminal landing from the the clearance appears to be insufficient, stop
distances measured in Items 3.4.1(a), (c), and the car at or below the top landing and the top
(d). The question of whether or not the top car car clearance determined as follows:
clearance, as measured, is adequate or con- (a) Measure the distance from the top of the
forms to Code requirements cannot be deter- car crosshead to the nearest obstruction directly
mined until the counterweight runby and coun- above it.
terweight buffer compression have been (b) Measure the projection of any sheaves, or
measured. (See Item 5.2.3.) other equipment mounted in or on the car
(f) Where an oil buffer is used for the counter- crosshead, above the top of the crosshead.
weight and no provision is made to prevent (c) Measure the distance from the top of any
the jump of the car upon counterweight engage- equipment mounted on top of the car (not
ment, add one-half of the gravity stopping dis- the car crosshead) to the nearest obstruction
tance. directly above it.
(d) For underslung car frames, measure the
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NOTE: The projection of rope fastenings or guide shoes distance between the overhead car rope dead
above the car structure is not to be considered an encroach- end hitch or overhead car sheave and the por-
ment on the top car clearance. However, excessive projec-
tions of the car structure directly below them.
tion is not permitted if interference with sheaves or other
equipment would be encountered on maximum overtravel. (e) Subtract the distance, if any, the car floor
is below the top terminal landing from the
distances measured in Items 3.4.1(a), (c), and (d).
3.4.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check the refuge The question of whether or not the top car
space for elevators installed under A17.1–1996 clearance, as measured, is adequate or con-
and later editions. For elevators installed under forms to Code requirements cannot be deter-
A17.1–1978 to A17.1b–1995, verify that the ref- mined until the top car runby is determined.
uge space is at least 650 in.2 (0.419 m2) and at
NOTE: The projection of rope fastenings or guide shoes
least 16 in. (406 mm) on any side with minimum above the car structure is not to be considered an encroach-
vertical clearance of at least 42 in. (1 067 mm). ment on the top car clearance. However, excessive projec-
Before making any inspections or tests, deter- tions are not permitted if interference with sheaves or other
mine the available top car clearance. Where equipment would be encountered on maximum overtravel.
possible, determine this by placing the car with
its floor level with the top terminal landing. 3.4.2 Periodic Test

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.4.3–3.4.4.2

Possible obstruction
at top of hoistway
6 in. (152 mm),
Requirement 3.8
(Rule 300.3e)

Any equipment on top


of crosshead (junction
box, light fixture, etc.)

Door operator, or
other equipment 42 in. (1067 mm),
on top of car Requirement 3.8
(Rule 300.3g)

Top car runby

Top terminal landing

FIG. 3.4.1.2 TOP CAR CLEARANCE AND RUNBY


(A17.1–1978 and Later Editions)

3.4.3 Acceptance (b) The top car clearances should be mea-


sured and recorded.
3.4.3.1 Electric Elevators
(c) Measure and verify dimensions of the ref-
(a) Measure and record the top car and coun-
uge space.
terweight clearances.
(b) Measure and verify dimensions of the ref-
uge space. 3.4.4 References
3.4.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. For elevators in- 3.4.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
stalled under A17.1–1996 and later editions, earlier editions — Rule 1206.8 and Sections 107
check that the refuge space is outlined with a and 1304.
contrasting color. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
(a) Determine the top car runby and verify ments 8.6.4.11, 2.4, and 8.2.4.
existence of stop ring by inching the car against A17.3 — Paragraph 2.4.4.
the stop ring, from outside the car (not from
car top) then open the top hoistway door and 3.4.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
measure the distance from the car platform to earlier editions — Rules 300.8, 302.4,
the top landing. The runby should be recorded. 1004.2(c)(4), 1006.2a, and 1006.2c.

57
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3.4.4.2–3.5.2.2 ASME A17.2–2001

A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- bottom terminal stopping device can be checked
ments 3.4, 3.18.4, 8.11.3.1.3(d), 8.10.3.2.2(s), and by stopping the car near the bottom terminal
8.10.3.2.3(d). and sighting the alignment of the cam and
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.4.4 {Section 4.1}. switch roller (see Item 5.5). The switch roller
should strike the bevel of the cam. Also, deter-
mine the condition of the limit switch rollers,
as reduction of the effective roller diameter due
to either wear or loss of roller(s) may interfere
ITEM 3.5 with or prevent proper switch operation. The
NORMAL TERMINAL STOPPING combination of excessively worn car guide
DEVICES shoes and limit switch rollers, may cause cars
to malfunction.
3.5.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Test the operation of the normal terminal
Editions) stopping device by operating the car at inspec-
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and tion speed until the normal terminal stopping
Later Editions) device can be reached by hand. Use an insulated
3.5.1.1 Electric Elevators. Observe caution if object to actuate this device and try to move
the top car clearance is limited. Run the car to the car in the direction of the device. The car
the top of its travel at inspection speed to should not move in the direction of the device,
examine the normal terminal stopping device. but should be able to move in the opposite
Normal terminal stopping devices of traction direction.
elevators may be located in the machine room
or overhead machinery space and mechanically 3.5.2 Periodic Test
connected to and driven by the car. If mechani-
cally attached to the car, manually open the 3.5.2.1 Electric Elevators: Yearly Test (for
broken drive device switch with the car at rest. A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1
This should prevent the car from starting. When Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). Test
the normal terminal stopping devices are lo- the operation of the normal terminal stopping
cated in the hoistway, determine that stopping device by operating the car at inspection speed
switches and cams are in correct alignment and until the normal terminal stopping device can
are securely fastened. The alignment of the be reached by hand. Use an insulated object
bottom terminal stopping device can be checked to actuate this device and try to move the car
by stopping the car near the bottom terminal in the direction of the device. The car should
and sighting the alignment of the car and switch not move in the direction of the device, but
roller (see Item 5.5). The switch roller should must be able to move in the opposite direction.
strike the bevel of the cam. Also, determine the
3.5.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators: Yearly Test (for
condition of the limit switch rollers, as reduction
A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1
of the effective roller diameter due to either
Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions)
wear or loss of the tires may interfere with or
(a) Render the normal elevator stopping
prevent proper switch operation. The combina-
means and the emergency terminal stopping
tion of excessively worn car guide shoes and
inoperative.
limit switch rollers may cause cars to overrun
(b) Do not disable the emergency terminal
their terminals.
speed limiting device or the normal terminal
3.5.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Observe caution stopping device.
if the top car clearance is limited. Run the car (c) Run the car at rated speed (from outside
up at inspection speed to examine the normal the car) into the bottom terminal and demon-
terminal stopping device. strate that the car slows down and stops in the
Normal terminal stopping devices are usually vicinity of the bottom terminal.
located in the hoistway. Verify that stopping (d) Repeat the above test for the top terminal.
switches and cams are in correct alignment and (e) Restore all stopping means and check for
are securely fastened. The alignment of the proper operation.

58

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.5.3–3.6.2.1

3.5.3 Acceptance where the rated speed exceeds 100 ft/min (0.51
m/s) and at the bottom landing where reduced
3.5.3.1 Electric Elevators. See Item 2.28.3.
stroke buffers are used. In A17.1–1955 through
3.5.4 References A17.1c–1969 an emergency terminal stopping
device was required where a reduced stroke
3.5.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and buffer was used or the speed was over 100 ft/
earlier editions — Rules 207.4, 209.2, 210.2, min (0.51 m/s). Verify that the emergency termi-
1001.2(c)(7), 1002.2e, 1003.2f, and 1003.3(k). nal stopping device functions independent of
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- the normal stopping means and the normal
ments 2.16.4, 2.25.2, 2.26.2, 8.11.2.1.3(g), terminal stopping device. Verify that the emer-
8.11.2.2.5, 8.10.2.2.2(z), and 8.10.2.3.2(k). gency terminal speed limiting device functions
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.9.1 and 3.10.4. independent of the normal terminal stopping
3.5.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and device and that its car speed sensing device
earlier editions — Rules 305.1a, 1002.2e functions independent of the normal speed con-
{1005.2c}, 1003.3(k), and 1004.2(c)(5). trol system.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- Where mechanical or hydraulic emergency
ments 3.25.1.1, 8.11.2.2.5 {8.11.3.2.3}, terminal speed limiting devices are provided,
8.10.2.3.2(k), and 8.11.3.1.3(e). refer to the manufacturer’s recommended test
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.9.1 {Section 4.6} and procedures.
3.10.4. Inspect the device for condition and align-
ment. Slowly move the car up and verify that
the device will be operated by movement of
the car.

ITEM 3.6 3.6.2 Periodic Test


FINAL AND EMERGENCY TERMINAL
STOPPING DEVICES 3.6.2.1 Electric Elevators
(a) Yearly Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
3.6.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1 Test (for A17.1–2000 and
Editions) Later Editions). Before testing final terminal
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and stopping devices from the top of the car, deter-
Later Editions) mine whether the potential switch on the con-
troller is of the manually or electrically restored
3.6.1.1 Electric Elevators. Observe caution if
type. If it is the manually restored type, opera-
the top car clearance is limited. Run the car to
tion of the final terminal stopping device should
the top of its travel at inspection speed and
not be tested from the car unless someone is
examine the final terminal stopping device.
in the machine room to reset the controller
(a) The upper final terminal stopping device
switch when instructed to do so by the in-
must be located as close to the terminal landing
spector.
as possible without interfering with the normal
Run the car up the hoistway at inspection
terminal stopping device, but actuate before the
speed until the upper final terminal stopping
car strikes the overhead.
device may be reached by hand. Use an insu-
(b) Check the fastening and alignment of the
lated object to actuate this device, and try to
switch and cam. The switch roller should strike
move the car in each direction. The car should
the bevel surface of the cam. If properly located
not move; if it does, the inspection should not
and adjusted, the roller will center laterally on
be continued until this defect is corrected.
the cam, assuring free motion of the roller
The operation of the final terminal stop-
arm and positive opening of the switch contact
ping device (final limit) and its relation to the
without damaging the switch.
cam can be tested by jumping out the normal
3.6.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–1970 and terminal stopping device and running the car
later editions require an emergency terminal past the terminal floor at inspection speed. The
speed limiting device at the top terminal landing car should stop close to the floor. It may be

59

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3.6.2.1–3.7.4.2 ASME A17.2–2001

necessary to jump out the final terminal stop- 3.7.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
ping device to move the car back to floor level. Editions)
After the final terminal stopping device has Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
been tested, remove all jumpers. Later Editions)
(b) 5-Year Test of Emergency Terminal Stop-
3.7.1.1 Electric Elevators. Examine fastenings
ping Means (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Edi-
and clearances of car leveling devices, including
tions); Category 5 Test of Emergency Terminal
cams and vanes located in the hoistway.
Stopping Means (for A17.1–2000 and Later Edi-
tions). For static control elevators, see Item 3.7.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Examine fasten-
2.28.2.1(b) and for emergency terminal speed ings and clearances of car leveling devices,
limiting devices, see Item 5.3.2. including cams and vanes located in the
hoistway. With the car level with the floor, place
3.6.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators: Yearly Test (for a mark on the rail relative to a guide shoe or
A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1 roller. Lower it slightly more than 1 in. (25 mm)
Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). Block by using inspection operation. Turn the car back
or tie the device in the functioning position and on normal operation and observe that it levels
move the car down. Then attempt to run the within 1 in. (25 mm) of the floor level for
car up at rated speed. The emergency terminal elevators installed under A17.1–1978 and later
speed limiting device should prevent the car editions. For elevators installed prior to A17.1–
from running in excess of 100 ft/min (0.51 1978 edition and/or required to comply with
m/s). The car should not run with the emergency A17.3, observe that the car will level to within
terminal stopping device in the functioning po- 3 in. (76 mm) of the floor. If a manual lowering
sition. valve is available in the machine room, required
under A17.1–1984 and later editions, it is used as
described in Item 2.32.1 for testing the anticreep
3.6.3 Acceptance
device. Check that the anticreep device remains
operative regardless of the position of the car
3.6.4 References and hoistway doors, emergency stop switch or
in-car stop switch, hinge car platform sill electric
3.6.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and contacts and broken rope, tape, or chain switch
earlier editions — Rules 209.3, 1001.2(c)(8), for normal stopping devices.
1002.2e, and 1003.3(k). For maintained pressure hydraulic elevators,
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- operate the car in both directions.
ments 2.25.3, 8.11.2.1.3(h), 8.11.2.2.5, and
8.10.2.3.2(k). 3.7.2 Periodic Test
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.9.2.
3.7.3 Acceptance
3.6.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 305.2, 1004.2(c)(6), and
3.7.4 References
1005.2.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 3.7.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
ments 3.25.2, 8.11.3.1.3(f), and (NR 1005.2). earlier editions — Rules 210.1e and
A17.1–1955 — Rule 320.2. 1001.2(c)(10).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.26.1.6 and 8.11.2.1.3(j).

3.7.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and


earlier editions — Rules 306.3, 306.4, and
1004.2(c)(7).
ITEM 3.7 A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
CAR LEVELING AND ANTICREEP ments 3.26.3, 3.26.4, and 8.11.3.1.3(g).
DEVICES A17.3 — Paragraphs 4.7.3 and 4.7.4.

60

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ASME A17.2–2001 ITEM 3.8–3.10.1.1

ITEM 3.8 3.9.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier


TOP EMERGENCY EXIT Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
3.8.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Later Editions)
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and (a) For elevators installed under A17.1a–1973
Later Editions) and later editions, check that floor numbers
have been provided in the hoistways, not less
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

(a) For elevators installed under A17.1–1955 than 4 in. (102 mm) in height, placed on the
through A17.1–1960, check that the top emer- walls and/or doors of the hoistway at intervals
gency exit opens outward. Verify that the exit where a person on top of the car can determine
is hinged or otherwise attached to the car and the floor position. Check that floor numbers are
can be opened from both inside and from the provided and legible.
top of the car without the use of special tools. (b) For elevators installed under A17.1–1990
For elevators installed under A17.1–1965 and and later editions, check that emergency identi-
later editions, and those elevators required to fication numbers are provided on the crosshead,
meet A17.3, verify that the top emergency exit or the car frame where there is no crosshead
is locked, and openable from the top of the car where more than one elevator’s machinery is
only without the use of special tools. in a hoistway or machine room.
(b) For elevators in unenclosed hoistways, top
emergency exits are prohibited for elevators 3.9.2 Periodic Test
installed under the 1989 and later editions.
3.9.3 Acceptance
3.8.2 Periodic Test
3.9.4 References
3.8.3 Acceptance 3.9.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
Measure the top emergency exit size and earlier editions — Rules 100.7, 211.9, and
clearances. 1001.2(c)(15).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
3.8.4 References ments 2.29.2, 2.29.1, and 8.11.2.1.3(o).

3.8.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and 3.9.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 204.1e and earlier editions — Rules 100.7 {300.1}, 211.9
1001.2(c)(12). {306.11}, and 1004.2(c)(10).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.14.1.5 and 8.11.2.1.3(l). ments 2.29.2 {3.1}, 2.29.1 {3.27}, and 8.11.3.1.3(j).
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.4.4.

3.8.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and


earlier editions — Rules 204.1e {301.7} and
1004.2(c)(9).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- ITEM 3.10
ments 2.14.1.5 {3.14} and 8.11.3.1.3(i). HOISTWAY CONSTRUCTION
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.4.4 {4.2.3}. 3.10.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions)
3.10.1.1 Electric Elevators. Check the condi-
ITEM 3.9 tion of the hoistway enclosure, and remote
FLOOR AND EMERGENCY counterweight hoistway; note any damage or
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERING loose materials.

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3.10.1.2–3.11.1.1 ASME A17.2–2001

3.10.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check the condi- place, and properly lubricated. Check hydraulic
tion of the hoistway enclosure, and note any door operators for any oil leakage.
damage or loose materials. (2) Examine any stationary or retiring cams,
operating interlocks, interlock contacts, or door
3.10.2 Periodic Test operators. Determine whether they are in correct
alignment with the roller arm of the interlock
3.10.3 Acceptance or door operating mechanism. Check whether
Determine if the hoistway enclosure conforms their travel is sufficient to ensure proper opera-
to the building code requirements. Inspect the tion of the interlocks or door operators.
hoistway enclosure for substantially flush con- (3) Examine relating chains, sprockets, and
struction. Projections should be properly bev- wire cables for proper tension and note any
eled or protected. For elevators with no top excessive wear.
emergency exit installed in unenclosed (4) Test hoistway door operators actuated
hoistways, determine that all landings are pro- by magnetic controls to determine the car is
vided with either hoistway entrances or emer- within the landing zone, or within the limits of
gency doors. the leveling zone where an automatic leveling
device is provided, before the control causes
3.10.4 References the door operator to open to the hoistway door.
Check that the car is at rest or substantially
3.10.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
level with the landing before the door is in the
earlier editions — Section 100 and Rule
fully open position. Air- (pneumatic) operated
1001.2(c)(16).
doors must meet similar requirements, provided
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
they are manually controlled. The car must be
ments 2.1 and 8.11.2.1.3(p).
within the landing zone or within the leveling
A17.3 — Section 2.1.
zone before the door-operating device is in a
3.10.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 position to engage the door-operating cam.
and earlier editions — Rules 300.1 and (5) Examine the name plates on hoistway
1004.2(c)(11). door or gate interlocks, combination mechanical
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- locks and electric contacts, and car door or gate
ments 3.1 and 8.11.3.1.3(k). electric contacts. Verify that they are of a type
A17.3 — Section 2.1 {4.1}. approved by the authority having jurisdiction.
For elevators installed under A17.1–1987 and
later editions, check that mercury tube switches
have not been used for electric contacts.
(6) Hoistway Door or Gate: Separate or
ITEM 3.11 Combination Mechanical Locks and Electric Con-
HOISTWAY SMOKE CONTROL tacts. Combination mechanical locks and electric
contacts of the hoistway unit system are permit-
3.11.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
ted by A17.1–1955 and later editions, on freight
Editions)
elevators under restricted conditions.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
(a) Inspect mechanical locks operated
and Later Editions)
manually from top of car, where used, with
3.11.1.1 Electric Elevators hoistway door or gate electric contacts. With
(a) Car and Hoistway Door and Gate Op- the door or gate in the fully closed position,
erating, Locking and Contact Devices, and Inter- pull on the door or gate, which should be
locking Retiring Cams held closed by the lock. Determine whether the
(1) Examine all hoistway and car door or locking member is in a position to lock the door
gate operating motors and cams. Check locking when or before the contact is closed by the
and contact devices, switches, or other op- door or gate.
erating mechanisms located on top of the car (b) Where the locking members of such
or in the hoistway. Determine whether they are devices are operated by car cams, place the
in proper working order, securely fastened in door or gate in the fully closed position and

62

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.11.1.1–3.11.1.2

move the car a sufficient distance away from swinging doors of automatic elevators must be
the floor to permit the locking member to lock provided with door closers arranged to close
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the door or gate. With the car in this position, an open door automatically if the car leaves
pull or push on the door, which should be held the landing zone for any reason. Check the door
closed by the lock. Release the lock manually closers by manually opening the doors to the
and open the door or gate. Then slowly close fully open position, then release the doors. As
it to the position where the electric contact just they are returning to the closed position, manu-
closes and note whether the locking number is ally stop and release the doors at approximately
in a position to lock the door. the half-way point and at approximately 2 in.
(b) Car and Hoistway Door, Gate Hangers, and (51 mm) from the strike jamb. Verify that the
Equipment doors return to the fully closed and locked
(1) Examine the condition of hoistway and position.
car door or gate hangers, tracks, and guides to (4) Examine hoistway and car door or gate
determine they are securely fastened in place, counterweights to determine they are properly
engaged and not worn, so that the doors will guided or boxed to retain the counterweight if
not come out of their guideway at any point the suspension means breaks.
in their travel, and are lubricated. If the guides (5) Examine car and hoistway door or gate
are not made out of fire-resistive materials, suspension members together with their con-
check that the fire tabs are engaged in the nections, pulleys, and pulley supports.
guideway. Check that the door frames are se- (c) Restricted Opening of Hoistway Doors and/
curely fastened to the buiding structure. or Car Doors on Passenger Elevators. For eleva-
NOTE: The requirement that hoistway door panels and tors required to comply with the restricted open-
guides meet certain fire-resistive criteria was specifically ing requirements (Item 1.18), check that the car
stated in Part 1 for horizontally sliding doors until A17.1c– doors can be opened from the top of the car
1986 and for vertically sliding doors until A17.1–1984. How- within specified zones, without the use of special
ever, where required by Rule 100.1, the entire entrance
tools.
assembly is still required to meet the fire-resistive criteria,
but is now specified in Section 1102. (d) Landings Locked Out of Service. Verify
that the following landings are not locked out
(2) When multipanel entrances are pro- of service:
vided, check that they are interconnected or (1) top and bottom landings;
equipped with interlocks on each driven panel
(2) for elevators installed under A17.1b–
for elevators installed under A17.1–1990 and
1989 and later editions, the designated and
later editions. A17.1–1989 and earlier editions
alternate landings for Phase I Firefighters’ Ser-
require the panels to be interconnected. Exam-
vice and all Phase II landings;
ine interconnections of the panels of multisec-
(3) check that automatic fire doors can be
tion doors. Determine if they are in proper
opened manually from the hoistway side and
condition and are securely fastened to the door
that they do not lock any doors that lead to
panels. Examine interconnections, whether in
building exits.
hanger chains, ropes, or other parts, or in the
door closer arms and pins. Check for any wear
that might cause the panels to become discon- 3.11.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. For elevators in-
nected from each other and permit the car to stalled under A17.1–1955 through A17.1–1980,
operate with one or more of the panels open. that serve more than three floors, check that
On two-speed entrances for elevators installed one-third of the required venting is permanently
under A17.1–1990 and later editions, check that open or automatically opened by a damper. All
the slow and fast panels are provided with a venting should be to the outside. Portions of
secondary mechanical interconnecting means. the required vents may be closed with glass.
On center-opening doors with a single interlock, This should consist of plain glass, a maximum
check that the interlock is operated by the non- of 1⁄8 in. (3.2 mm) thick. The vent area was
driven panel for elevators installed under A17.1– required to be a minimum of 3.5% of the cross-
1990 and later editions. sectional area of the hoistway (3 ft2 min.) for
(3) Horizontally sliding or single-section each car.

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3.11.1.2–3.13.1 ASME A17.2–2001

Verify that elevators installed under A17.1– 3.12.2 Periodic Test


1981 and later editions, are provided with an
3.12.2.1 Electric Elevators. Check as outlined
approved means to prevent the accumulation
in Item 2.8.3.
of smoke and hot gases in case of fire. Assure
ventilation is in accordance with building code 3.12.3 Acceptance
requirements and is in working order. Check
that any required openings are in the open Check that sprinkler risers and return piping
position and not locked or blocked. have been located outside the hoistway. Check
that shutoff valves have been provided for each
branch line and are accessible outside the
3.11.2 Periodic Test hoistway. Check to see that an automatic, non-
resetting means is provided to disconnect the
main line power to affected elevators before
3.11.3 Acceptance water is discharged into the hoistway. The Code
Check that means to prevent the accumulation prohibits sprinkler activation or disconnection
of smoke and hot gases in case of fire is in of main line power by smoke detectors.
accordance with the requirements of the build-
ing code. 3.12.4 References
3.12.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Section 102 and Rule
3.11.4 References 1001.2(c)(18).
3.11.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
earlier editions — Rules 100.4 and 1001.2(c)(17). ments 2.8 and 8.11.2.1.3(r).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- A17.3 — Paragraph 2.1.4.
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ments 2.1.4 and 8.11.2.1.3(q). 3.12.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000


and earlier editions — Section 102 {Rule 300.3}
3.11.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and Rule 1004.2(c)(13).
and earlier editions — Rules 100.4 {300.1} and A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
1004.2(c)(12). ments 2.8 {3.8} and 8.11.3.1.3(m).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- A17.3 — Paragraph 2.1.4 {Section 4.1}.
ments 2.1.4 {3.1} and 8.11.3.1.3(l).

ITEM 3.13
WINDOWS, PROJECTIONS, RECESSES,
AND SETBACKS
ITEM 3.12
PIPES, WIRING, AND DUCTS 3.13.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions)
3.12.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
Editions) and Later Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
(a) Hoistway Windows. Elevators installed un-
and Later Editions)
der A17.1–1971 and later editions are not permit-
Only pipes, wiring, and ducts used in connec- ted to have windows in the hoistways.
tion with the elevator may be installed in the Where windows are provided in hoistways
hoistway. Check sprinkler piping for leakage. of existing elevators, verify that they are
For elevators required to meet A17.3, pipes guarded on the inside or outside as required
conveying gases, vapors, or liquids not con- by local regulations or the Code edition in effect
nected with the operation of the elevator must at the time of installation.
be guarded so that any discharge will not affect For elevators required to meet A17.3, check
the operation of the elevator. that every hoistway window ten stories or less

64

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.13.1–3.15.3

above a thoroughfare, and every such window 3.14.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Car Horizontal
opening three stories or less above a roof of Clearances. Observe the clearances between car
an adjacent building are guarded. Also, check and hoistway enclosures, and between adja-
that every exterior hoistway window has been cent cars.
identified with 4 in. (102 mm) high letters
marked “ELEVATOR.” 3.14.2 Periodic Test
(b) Projections, Recesses, and Setbacks. De-
termine that guards for recesses in the hoistway 3.14.3 Acceptance
enclosure opposite car openings, other than Measure and record horizontal hoistway di-
landing entrances, are in place and secured. mensions and clearances. See Tables 3.14.3(a)
Check that landing sill guards, dust covers, and and 3.14.3(b).
landing entrance toe guards are securely in
place. 3.14.4 References
3.14.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
3.13.2 Periodic Test earlier editions — Sections 107 and 108 and
Rule 1001.2(c)(20).
3.13.3 Acceptance A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.4, 2.5, and 8.11.2.1.3(t).
3.13.4 References A17.3 — Section 2.4.
3.14.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
3.13.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
and earlier editions — Sections 108 {Rule 300.9}
earlier editions — Rules 100.5, 100.6, 110.10,
and 110 {Rule 300.11}; and Rule 1004.2(c)(15).
and 1001.2(c)(19).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.5 {3.5} and 2.11 {3.11}, and 8.11.3.1.3(o).
ments 2.1.5, 2.1.6, 2.11.10, and 8.11.2.1.3(s).
A17.3 — Section 2.4 {4.1}.
A17.3 — Paragraphs 2.1.2 and 2.1.3.

3.13.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000


and earlier editions — Rules 100.5 and 100.6
{300.1}, 110.10 {300.11}, and 1004.2(c)(14).
ITEM 3.15
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.1.5 and 2.1.6 {3.1}, 2.11.10 {3.11}, and MULTIPLE HOISTWAYS
8.11.3.1.3(n). CAUTION: Inspectors are cautioned to beware of personal
A17.3 — Paragraphs 2.1.2 and 2.1.3 {Sec- hazards of being struck by an adjacent car, or counter-
tion 4.1}. weight, or of being crushed in the overhead between the
car and the top of the hoistway or any projection.

3.15.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier


Editions)
ITEM 3.14 Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
HOISTWAY CLEARANCES and Later Editions)
Observe the clearances between cars in a
3.14.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
multiple hoistway. See Table 3.14.3(a).
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 3.15.2 Periodic Test
and Later Editions)
3.15.3 Acceptance
3.14.1.1 Electric Elevators. Observe the clear-
ances between car and hoistway enclosures, Verify multiple hoistways are constructed in
between car and counterweight or counter- compliance with the building code. Measure
weight screen, between the counterweight and the running clearances between cars including
hoistway enclosure, and between adjacent cars. equipment attached to the car.

65

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3.15.4–3.16.1 ASME A17.2–2001

TABLE 3.14.3(a) HORIZONTAL CLEARANCES


Maximum, Minimum, Rqmt.
Clearances Between in. in. No.

Car platform and landing sill


Side-post construction 11⁄2 1
⁄2 2.5.1.4
Corner-post construction 11⁄2 3
⁄4 2.5.1.4

Car and hoistway enclosure (except sides


3
used for loading and unloading) ... ⁄4 2.5.1.1

Car platform sill and hoistway enclosure


for full width of hoistway opening
Vertically sliding hoistway doors 71⁄2 ... 2.5.1.5
Other than vertically sliding hoistway
doors 5 ... 2.5.1.5

Car and counterweight ... 1 2.5.1.2

Two adjacent cars ... 2 2.5.1.3

3
Counterweight and counterweight screen ... ⁄4 2.5.1.2

3
Counterweight and hoistway enclosure ... ⁄4 2.5.1.2

GENERAL NOTE: 1 in. p 25.4 mm

3.15.4 References cable at the connection points. Where a steel


--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

member is used to support the traveling cable,


3.15.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
examine its attachment to the hoistway or car
earlier editions — Rules 100.1d and
connection point and verify that it is securely
1001.2(c)(21).
fastened. The live load on steel supporting fillers
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
should hang in the direction of tightening of
ments 2.1.1.4 and 8.11.2.1.3(u).
the supporting bolt or other means of fastening
3.15.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and the dead end taped or clamped to the live
and earlier editions — Rules 100.1d {300.1} and end. Examine for any evidence of wear or breaks
1004.2(c)(16). in the steel supporting fillers, which may dam-
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- age the insulation of the conductors or cause
ments 2.1.1.4 {3.1} and 8.11.3.1.3(p). the traveling cable to release, causing strain or
breakage to the conductors at the terminal lugs.
(b) Flexible Wire Mesh Automatic Tightening
Devices. Where a flexible wire mesh automatic
tightening device is used, examine the grip to
ITEM 3.16 be sure that it is securely fastened to its support
TRAVELING CABLES AND JUNCTION at the hoistway or car connection point. Examine
BOXES the eye of the grip attached to the supporting
member. When a double eye attachment is
3.16.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier used, the eyes should be attached so they share
Editions)
the load equally and do not exceed 15 deg
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
from the axis of the vertical cable.
and Later Editions)
There are basically three types of flexible
(a) Junction Boxes and Traveling Cable Sup- wire mesh automatic tightening devices (see
porting Means. Hoistway and car junction boxes Fig. 3.16.1):
should be securely fastened with covers in (1) closed type;
place. Examine the supporting means of the (2) split-laced type;

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.16.1–3.16.2

TABLE 3.14.3(b) HORIZONTAL DISTANCES


Distance Between Horizontally Sliding
and Swinging Hoistway Door and Edge Maximum, Minimum, Rqmt.
of Landing Sill in. in. No.

Elevators that can be opened from car only


New Installations 4 ... 2.11.4
New or altered elevators in existing
multiple hoistways
Swinging Doors 4 ... 2.11.4
Sliding Doors 5 ... 2.11.4

Automatic or continuous pressure operation


Sliding Hoistway Doors 21⁄4 ... 2.11.4
3
Swinging hoistway doors ⁄4 ... 2.11.4
Swinging hoistway doors on freight
elevators not accessible to general
public and located in industrial type
buildings 4 ... 2.11.4

GENERAL NOTE: 1 in. p 25.4 mm

--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
Closed Split-Laced Split-Rod

FIG. 3.16.1 SELF-TIGHTENING GRIPS

(3) split-rod type. placing strain or breakage on the individual


Examine the grip where the eye is attached conductors. Milking of the grip may cause wear
to the wire mesh section for any visible signs to the insulation of traveling cable.
of wear or breakage. This point is subject to (c) Traveling Cables. Examine the traveling
damage because of flexing of the cable. It is cables for:
recommended that the lower section of the grip (1) excessive twists or kinks;
be secured to the traveling cable to prevent (2) damage due to chafing;
triggering (total or partial relaxing of the grip) (3) intertwining of multiple cables;
and culminate in milking of the grip (slight (4) clearance from hoistway equipment
movement of grip on the outer section of the such as buffers, plungers, brackets, beams, etc.
traveling cable). Examine for damage caused
by the securing means. The triggering of the
grip may cause the cable to release, thereby 3.16.2 Periodic Test

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3.16.3–3.17.1 ASME A17.2–2001

3.16.3 Acceptance alignment with the roller arm of the interlock


or door operating mechanism. Check whether
Check that traveling cables are properly in-
their travel is sufficient to ensure proper opera-
stalled, supported, and protected against dam-
tion of the interlocks or door operators.
age. Traveling cables should be supported by
(3) Examine relating chains, sprockets, and
one of the following means:
wire cables for proper tension and note any
(a) by internal steel supporting member;
excessive wear.
(b) by looping the cables around supports for
(4) Test hoistway door operators actuated
unsupported lengths of less than 100 ft (30.5 m);
by magnetic controls to determine the car is
(c) by suspending from the supports by a
within the landing zone, or within the limits of
means that automatically tightens around the
the leveling zone where an automatic leveling
cable when tension is increased for unsupported
device is provided, before the control causes
lengths of up to 200 ft (61 m).
the door operator to open to the hoistway door.
3.16.4 References Check that the car is at rest or substantially
level with the landing before the door is in the
3.16.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and fully open position. Air- (pneumatic) operated
earlier editions — Rules 102.1 and 1001.2(c)(22). doors must meet similar requirements, provided
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- they are manually controlled. The car must be
ments 2.8.1 and 8.11.2.1.3(v). within the landing zone or within the leveling
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Section 620-41. zone before the door operating device is in a
position to engage the door operating cam.
3.16.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
(5) Examine the name plates on hoistway
and earlier editions — Rules 102.1 {300.3} and
door or gate interlocks, combination mechanical
1004.2(c)(17).
locks and electric contacts, and car door or gate
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
electric contacts. Verify that they are of a type
ments 2.8.1 {3.8} and 8.11.3.1.3(q).
approved by the authority having jurisdiction.
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Section 620-41.
For elevators installed under A17.1–1987 and
later editions, check that mercury tube switches
have not been used for electric contacts.
(6) Hoistway Door or Gate: Separate or
ITEM 3.17 Combination Mechanical Locks and Electric Con-
tacts. Combination mechanical locks and electric
DOOR AND GATE EQUIPMENT
contacts of the hoistway unit system are permit-
3.17.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier ted by A17.1–1955 and later editions, on freight
Editions) elevators under restricted conditions.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 (a) Inspect mechanical locks operated
and Later Editions) manually from top of car, where used, with
hoistway door or gate electric contacts. With
(a) Car and Hoistway Door and Gate Op- the door or gate in the fully closed position,
erating, Locking and Contact Devices, and Inter- pull on the door or gate, which should be
locking Retiring Cams held closed by the lock. Determine whether the
(1) Examine all hoistway and car door or locking member is in a position to lock the door
gate operating motors and cams. Check locking when or before the contact is closed by the
and contact devices, switches, or other op- door or gate.
erating mechanisms located on top of the car (b) Where the locking members of such
or in the hoistway. Determine whether they are devices are operated by car cams, place the
in proper working order, securely fastened in door or gate in the fully closed position and
place, and properly lubricated. Check hydraulic move the car a sufficient distance away from
door operators for any oil leakage. the floor to permit the locking member to lock
(2) Examine any stationary or retiring cams, the door or gate. With the car in this position,
operating interlocks, interlock contacts, or door pull or push on the door, which should be held
operators. Determine whether they are in correct closed by the lock. Release the lock manually

68
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ASME A17.2–2001 3.17.1–3.17.3

and open the door or gate. Then slowly close fully open position, then release the doors. As
it to the position where the electric contact just they are returning to the closed position, manu-
closes and note whether the locking member ally stop and release the doors at approximately
is in a position to lock the door. the half-way point and at approximately 2 in.
(b) Car and Hoistway Door, Gate Hangers, and (51 mm) from the strike jamb. Verify that the
Equipment doors return to the fully closed and locked
(1) Examine the condition of hoistway and position.
car door or gate hangers, tracks, and guides to (4) Examine hoistway and car door or gate
determine they are securely fastened in place, counterweights to determine they are properly
engaged and not worn, so that the doors will guided or boxed to retain the counterweight if
not come out of their guideway at any point the suspension means breaks.
in their travel, and are lubricated. If the guides (5) Examine car and hoistway door or gate
are not made out of fire-resistive materials, suspension members together with their con-
check that the fire tabs are engaged in the nections, pulleys, and pulley supports.
guideway. Check that the door frames are se- (c) Restricted Opening of Hoistway Doors and/
curely fastened to the building structure. or Car Doors on Passenger Elevators. For eleva-
tors required to comply with the restricted open-
NOTE: The requirement that hoistway door panels and
ing requirements (Item 1.18), check that the car
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

guides meet certain fire-resistive criteria was specifically


stated in Part 1 for horizontally sliding doors until A17.1c– doors can be opened from the top of the car
1986 and for vertically sliding doors until A17.1–1984. How- within specified zones, without the use of special
ever, where required by Rule 100.1, the entire entrance tools.
assembly is still required to meet the fire-resistive criteria,
(d) Landings Locked out of Service. Determine
but is now specified in Section 1102.
that the following landings are not locked out
(2) When multipanel entrances are pro- of service:
vided, check that they are interconnected or (1) top and bottom landings;
equipped with interlocks on each driven panel (2) for elevators installed under A17.1b–
for elevators installed under A17.1–1990 and 1989 and later editions, the designated and
later editions. A17.1–1989 and earlier editions alternate landings for Phase I Firefighters’ Ser-
require the panels to be interconnected. Exam- vice and all Phase II landings:
ine interconnections of the panels of multisec- (3) check that automatic fire doors can be
tion doors. Determine if they are in proper opened manually from the hoistway side and
condition and are securely fastened to the door that they do not lock any doors that lead to
panels. Examine interconnections, whether in building exits.
hanger chains, ropes, or other parts, or in the (e) Hoistway Door Interlocks: Auxiliary Lock.
door closer arms and pins. Check for any wear, A 4 in. (102 mm) locking range is permitted on
which might cause the panels to become discon- elevators operated from inside the car only. An
nected from each other and permit the car to auxiliary lock is required; it is incorporated either
operate with one or more of the panels open. in the door closing mechanism or consists of
On two-speed entrances for elevators installed a rack attached to the landing sill or top track
under A17.1–1990 and later editions, check that and an engaging pawl on the door. When the
the slow and fast panels are provided with a doors are power closing, the auxiliary lock is
secondary mechanical interconnecting means. usually placed on the closing mechanism to
On center-opening doors with a single interlock, prevent damage.
check that the interlock is operated by the non-
driven panel for elevators installed under A17.1– 3.17.2 Periodic Test
1990 and later editions.
3.17.3 Acceptance
(3) Horizontally sliding or single section
swinging doors of automatic elevators must be Check that entrance panel(s), frame hardware
provided with door closers arranged to close and transoms are labeled by a certifying agency
an open door automatically if the car leaves acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction,
the landing zone for any reason. Check the door when installed in fire-resistive construction. A
closers by manually opening the doors to the single label may be provided for the complete

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3.17.3–3.19.1 ASME A17.2–2001

entrance assembly. Check that interlocks or rectly in line with the bottom gusset bolts. If
combination mechanical locks and electric con- any blistering of paint is noted, scrape to expose
tacts and car door or gate electric contacts are the metal and determine its condition. If a crack
labeled by a certifying agency acceptable to the appears, it is probable that it will be found to
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

authority having jurisdiction. have started from the outer edge of the stile
When gasketing material is applied to fire- flange. Check that welded repairs and required
resistive entrances, check that it has been tested written certification are in compliance with the
and labeled by a certifying agency acceptable Code. Wood car frames are prohibited by A17.1–
to the authority having jurisdiction. 1955 and later editions.
Check that center-opening doors are mechani-
3.18.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Wood car
cally interconnected or there is an interlock on
frames are prohibited by A17.1–1955 and later
each driven panel. On horizontally sliding doors
editions.
provided with a single interlock, check that the
door closer is attached to the leading panel 3.18.2 Periodic Test
that moves in the opposite direction. Check the
secondary mechanical interconnecting means 3.18.3 Acceptance
on multispeed doors.
3.18.4 References
3.17.4 References
3.18.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
3.17.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and earlier editions — Sections 203 and 213 and
earlier editions — Sections 110 and 111 and Rules 1001.2(c)(24), 1200.4, and 1202.4a.
Rules 210.1e and 1001.2(c)(23). A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- ments 2.15, 8.8, 8.11.2.1.3(x), 8.6.2, and
ments 2.11, 2.12, 2.26.1.6, and 8.11.2.1.3(w). 8.7.2.15.1.
A17.3 — Sections 2.6 and 2.7.
3.18.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
3.17.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and earlier editions — Section 213 {Rule 302.5}
and earlier editions — Sections 110 {Rule 300.11} and Rules 301.6 and 1004.2(c)(19).
and 111 {Rule 300.12}; and Rules 210.1e {306.3} A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
and 1004.2(c)(18). ments 8.8 {3.18.5}, 3.15, and 8.11.3.1.3(s).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.11 {3.11}, 2.12 {3.12}, 2.26.1.6 {3.26.3},
and 8.11.3.1.3(r).
A17.3 — Sections 2.6 and 2.7 {4.1}.
ITEM 3.19
GUIDE RAILS FASTENING AND
EQUIPMENT

ITEM 3.18 3.19.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier


CAR FRAME AND STILES Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
3.18.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier and Later Editions)
Editions)
For car and counterweight guide rails, rail
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
fastenings, car crossheads, and car guiding
and Later Editions)
members, the following requirements shall
3.18.1.1 Electric Elevators. Failure of the older be met:
car frame stiles (upright structural members) (a) Examine the guide rails, paying particular
has occurred sufficiently for these members to attention to the condition of the surfaces and
receive special attention. Make a careful exami- the correct alignment of the joints. Repeated
nation of the stiles at the lowest bolt of the operation of the car safety or improperly ad-
car frame crosshead gusset plate. Note any justed or loose car guide shoes that permit the
evidence of cracks on the stiles, especially di- safety jaws to run against the rail surfaces

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.19.1–3.20.3

frequently cause serious wear or scoring of the A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
rails and the safety jaws. ments 2.17.16, 8.11.2.1.3(y), and 8.6.4.3.
Where sliding-type guide shoes are used, A17.3 — Paragraph 3.5.6.
determine that rails are free of lint and dirt,
and are adequately but not excessively lubri- 3.19.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
cated and that the proper lubricant, as indicated and earlier editions — Sections 200 {Rule 301.1b}
on the crosshead data plate has been used. and 308; and Rules 301.1, 301.6, and
Where roller guides are used, rails should be 1004.2(c)(20).
clean and dry without lubricant. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
(b) Check the following fastenings to deter- ments 2.23 {3.23.2}, 3.28, 3.23, 3.15, and
mine whether they are sound and tight, and 8.11.3.1.3(t).
that there are no missing bolts or guide clips: A17.3 — Paragraph 4.9.8.
(1) rails to brackets;
(2) brackets to building construction;
(3) fishplate bolts;
(4) crosshead connection bolts;
(5) car guide shoe bolts.
ITEM 3.20
3.19.1.1 Electric Elevators. Alignment of GOVERNOR ROPE
Guide Rails. If any excessive or irregular motion
of the car was noted during the in the car 3.20.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
inspection, examine guide rail alignment. Exam- Editions)
ine the counterweight guide rails for distance Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
between guides. and Later Editions)

3.19.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators: Alignment of 3.20.1.1 Electric Elevators. Governor rope


Guide Rails. If any excessive or irregular motion should not be lubricated after installation as
of the car was noted during the in-the-car in- the lubricant may interfere with the ability of
spection, examine guide rail alignment. Exam- the governor jaws to stop the governor rope
ine the sheave guide rails as outlined above and apply the safety. Governor rope must not
and for distance between guides. On roped- be of tiller rope construction. Check the gover-
hydraulic elevators, inspect the sheave guide nor rope as outlined in Item 3.29.
rails as specified above.
3.20.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Inspect the gov-
3.19.2 Periodic Test ernor rope for evidence of lubricant being added
after installation as the additional lubricant may
interfere with the ability of the governor jaws
3.19.3 Acceptance
to stop the governor rope and apply the safety.
3.19.3.1 Electric Elevators. For elevators in- Check the governor rope data tag and verify
stalled with guide shoes, check that a metal that the rope complies with the specification
lubrication marking plate has been securely on the governor marking plate. Inspect the gov-
attached to the car crosshead, readily visible, ernor rope as outlined in Item 3.23 for suspen-
and legibly and permanently marked. sion ropes.
3.19.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Verify that a
metal lubrication marking plate has been se- 3.20.2 Periodic Test
curely attached to the car crosshead, readily
visible, and legibly and permanently marked. 3.20.3 Acceptance
Verify the governor rope that has been in-
3.19.4 References
stalled is the correct type, size, and construction
3.19.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and as indicated on the speed governor data plate.
earlier editions — Rules 205.16, 1001.2(c)(25), See Item 2.12. Check for installation of the
and 1206.1d. required governor rope data tag.

71
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3.20.4–3.22.1.1 ASME A17.2–2001

3.20.4 References A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-


ments 2.17.15 and 8.11.2.1.3(aa).
3.20.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
A17.3 — Section 3.5.
earlier editions — Rules 206.5, 1001.2(c)(26),
1202.7, and 1206.1c. 3.21.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- and earlier editions — Rules 205.15, 301.8,
ments 2.18.5, 8.11.2.1.3(z), 8.7.2.19, and 8.6.4.2. 1004.2(c)(22), and 1005.4.
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.6.2. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.17.15, 3.17.1, 8.11.3.1.3(v), and 8.11.3.4.
3.20.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
and earlier editions — Rules 206.5, 301.8,
1001.2(c), 1004.2(c)(23), 1202.7, and 1206.1c.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.18.5, 3.17.1, 8.11.2.1.3, 8.11.3.1.3(w),
8.7.2.19, and 8.6.4.2. ITEM 3.22
A17.3 — Section 3.6 and para. 4.9.7. WIRE ROPE FASTENING AND HITCH
PLATE
3.22.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
ITEM 3.21 and Later Editions)
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

GOVERNOR RELEASING CARRIER


3.22.1.1 Electric Elevators
3.21.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier (a) Wire Rope Fastenings and Sheaves. Check
Editions) that ropes conform to the specifications on
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 the crosshead data plate and rope data tag.
and Later Editions) Determine that rope fastenings at both the car
and counterweight ends of the ropes have been
3.21.1.1 Electric Elevators. Examine the gov-
properly made up.
ernor rope releasing carrier on top of the car.
(b) Auxiliary Rope Fastening Devices. Where
Note whether parts are rusted or caked with
an auxiliary rope fastening device is provided,
dirt and whether springs are broken.
determine that the auxiliary device is not car-
3.21.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. For roped-hy- rying the load because of rope stretch or failure
draulic elevators installed under A17.1b–1989 at the regular rope fastening. Check that an
and later editions, examine governor rope re- electric switch is provided to open motor and
leasing carrier, if provided. Note whether parts control circuits when the auxiliary rope fasten-
are rusted or caked with dirt or paint and ing device operates. Determine that it is properly
whether springs are broken. adjusted and operational.
(c) Shackle Rods. Where the shackle rod and
3.21.2 Periodic Test: 5-Year Test (for A17.1d– rope socket are separate pieces, determine that
2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 5 the fastening between the two parts is positive
Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later to prevent their separation.
Editions) (d) Tapered Rope Sockets. Determine whether
there are any broken wires at the point where
Test the governor releasing carrier as outlined
the rope enters the socket. This is especially
in Item 2.13.2(b).
important in the case of the car suspension
ropes of drum machines. Such breaks usually
3.21.3 Acceptance
occur at rope fastenings just inside the small
end of the socket and can, in many cases, be
3.21.4 References
detected by prying the individual wires in the
3.21.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and strand with a sharp instrument, such as the
earlier editions — Rules 205.15 and blade of a knife. Also, determine that the rope,
1001.2(c)(27). where it enters the socket, has not had wire or

72

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.22.1.1

Top of embedment
d + 1/16 in. medium
max.
1/ d min.
2

Rope strand
diameter, d, in.

Tapered rope socket per


Requirement 2.20.9.4 Rope
(Rule 212.9d)

GENERAL NOTE: 1 in. = 25.4 mm

FIG. 3.22.1 CROSS-SECTION THROUGH TAPERED ROPE SOCKET SHOWING MAXIMUM AND
MINIMUM PROJECTION OF LOOPS ABOVE EMBEDMENT MEDIUM

strand lays disturbed or changed and no strands as wedge clamps, are used, check that the
bulge out. wedge is properly seated in the fastening.
(1) Where babbitted metal sockets are used, (f) Roping Arrangement
note any change in color of steel wires caused (1) Where 1:1 roping is used, determine that
by overheating when the socket was made up. any steel plates used to support the rope shackle
(2) Where thermosetting resin composition rods are attached to the underside or to the
is used, note the manufacturers directions must webs of the car frame members in such a
be strictly followed in handling, mixing, pouring, manner that the fastening bolts or rivets are
and curing the resin material. not in tension. Where rope equalizing springs
(3) When the embedment medium has are used, determine that shackle rods are not
cooled or cured, and the seizing at the small worn at the point where they pass through
end has been removed, make a visual inspec- the steel supporting plate. Note any collapsed
tion. See Fig. 3.22.1 and Table 3.22.1. springs.
(e) Other Rope Fastenings. U-bolt type rope (2) Where 2:1 roping is used, examine dead
clips (clamps) are prohibited for suspension end rope hitches. Determine that steel plates
ropes. Where nontapered rope fastenings such for supporting rope shackle rods are placed on

73

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3.22.1.1–3.22.1.2 ASME A17.2–2001

TABLE 3.22.1 PROJECTION OF ROPE (3) at bottom terminal landing.


STRANDS ABOVE EMBEDMENT MEDIUM FOR If properly adjusted, the equalizer arms
6- AND 8-STRAND ROPES should be at the center of their range of motion
at the midpoint of the hoistway and not be at
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Projection Above Embedment, in.


Rope either limit of their range of motion at the top
Dia., in. Maximum Minimum or bottom terminal landing.
3
⁄8 0.17 0.06 (i) Antirotation Device. For suspension ropes
7
⁄16 0.20 0.07 installed or replaced under ASME A17.1–1993
1
⁄2 0.21 0.08 through A17.1–1996, check the antirotation de-
9
⁄16 0.23 0.09 vice for proper installation. The wire rope used
5
⁄8 0.25 0.09
11 should be a continuous loop through the eye
⁄16 0.27 0.10
3
⁄4 0.29 0.11 of each shackle and connected with at least
13
⁄16 0.31 0.12 two wire rope clips. Verify that the loop is only
7
⁄8 0.32 0.13 hand-tight so that it does not restrict the lateral
15
⁄16 0.34 0.14 motion of the shackle rods. For elevators in-
1 0.36 0.15
stalled under A17.1a–1997, verify that there is
GENERAL NOTE: 1 in.p 25.4 mm a means provided to prevent rotation of suspen-
sion ropes without restricting their movement.

top of the supporting beams or are located in 3.22.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators (Roped-
such a manner that the bolts supporting the Hydraulic Elevators Installed Under A17.1b–
suspension plates are not in tension. Determine 1989 and Later Editions)
that suspension members are securely fastened (a) Wire Rope Fastenings and Sheaves. Check
and that no bending of the supporting members that ropes conform to the specifications on the
has occurred. crosshead data plate and rope data tag. Verify
(g) Winding Drum Machines. On winding that rope fastenings at both the car and dead
drum machines, hoisting ropes must be refas- end of the ropes have been properly made up.
tened every 12 months for machines located (b) Shackle Rods. Where the shackle rod and
above the hoistway and 24 months for machines rope socket are separate pieces, verify that the
located below or beside the hoistway. At least fastening between the two parts is positive to
one turn of rope must remain on the drum prevent their separation.
when the car is resting on its fully compressed (c) Nontapered Rope Fastenings. Where non-
buffer. tapered rope fastenings such as wedge clamps
(h) Rope Equalizers. For elevators installed are used, and approved by the authority having
under A17.1–1955 through A17.1–1987, suspen- jurisdiction, review the certification and verify
sion rope equalizers, if provided, must be of that the socket used is marked and identical to
the individual compression spring type. Other the one on the certification. Also, verify that
types of rope equalizers were permitted subject the socket is installed in accordance with the
to the approval of the enforcing authority on manufacturer’s/supplier’s instructions. Inspect
the basis of adequate tensile and fatigue tests the socket for secure seating of the wedge and
made by a qualified laboratory. damage to the rope.
For elevators installed under A17.1a–1988 (d) Tapered Rope Sockets. Determine whether
and later editions, single bar type equalizers there are any broken wires at the point where
may be used on winding drum machines subject the rope enters the socket. Also, verify that the
to limitations. Other types of rope equalizers rope, where it enters the socket, has not had
are required to be tested by an independent wire or strand lays disturbed or changed and
laboratory for Code compliance. no strands bulge out.
Examine rope equalizers and determine (1) Where babbitted metal sockets are used,
the range of their motion with the car in each note any change in color of steel wires caused
of the following positions: by overheating when the socket was made up.
(1) midpoint of hoistway; (2) Where thermosetting resin composition
(2) at top terminal landing; is used, note the manufacturer’s directions must

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.22.1.2–3.23.1.1

be strictly followed in handling, mixing, pouring, 3.22.4 References


and curing the resin material.
3.22.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
(3) Inspection of Socket After Pouring.
earlier editions — Section 212 and Rules 105.3c,
When the embedment medium has cooled or
203.13, 1001.2(c)(28), 1200.5, and 1206.3.
cured, and the seizing at the small end has been
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
removed, a visual inspection shall be made for:
ments 2.20, 2.9.3.3, 2.15.13, 8.11.2.1.3(bb), 8.6.3,
(a) retention of rope lay where it leaves
8.6.4.10.
the small end or the socket;
A17.3 — Paragraphs 3.12.5, 3.12.8, and 3.12.9.
(b) full penetration of filler material as
evidence by it being visible around the circum- 3.22.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
ference of the small end of the socket; and and earlier editions — Section 212; and Rules
(c) correct seating of the strain loops in 105.3c, 203.13, 302.1b, 1004.2(c)(24), and 1200.5.
the filler material. [See Fig. 3.22.1.] A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
(e) Rope equalizers, if provided, must be of ments 2.20, 2.9.3.3, 2.15.13, 3.18.1.2,
the individual compression spring type. Exam- 8.11.3.1.3(x), and 8.6.3.
ine rope equalizers and determine the range of A17.3 — Paragraph 4.9.10.
their motion with the car in each of the following
positions:
(1) midpoint of hoistway;
(2) at top terminal landing;
(3) at bottom terminal landing. If properly
adjusted, the equalizer arms shall be at the ITEM 3.23
center of their range of motion at the midpoint SUSPENSION ROPE
of the hoistway and shall not be at either limit
3.23.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
of their range of motion at the top or bottom
Editions)
terminal landing.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
(f) Antirotation Device. For suspension ropes
and Later Editions)
installed or replaced under ASME A17.1–1993
through A17.1–1996, check the antirotation de- 3.23.1.1 Electric Elevators
vice for proper installation. The wire rope used (a) Wire Rope Inspection. Examine suspen-
should be a continuous loop through the eye sion ropes and note if they conform to the Code
of each shackle and connected with at least requirements. Do not examine moving ropes
two wire rope clips. Verify that the loop is only with hands even if they are gloved, holding rags,
hand-tight so that it does not restrict the lateral cotton waste, etc. Wire rope data is required to
motion of the shackle rods. For elevators in- be shown on the car crosshead data plate.
stalled under A17.1a–1997, verify that there is (1) Internal breakage of wire ropes is diffi-
a means provided to prevent rotation of suspen- cult to detect and, consequently, may be a
sion ropes without restricting their movement. greater hazard than surface wear. The surface
of the rope may show little or no wear, but if
3.22.2 Periodic Test the rope is bent over a short radius, individual
wires will snap and in extreme cases the rope
may be broken by hand. Such failures are more
3.22.3 Acceptance
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

likely to occur in governor and compensating


3.22.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check that the ropes where the ropes are lightly loaded and
center-opening doors are mechanically intercon- the ratio of sheave diameter to rope diameter
nected or there is an interlock on each driven is smaller.
panel. On horizontally sliding doors provided (2) When replacing suspension ropes, all
with a single interlock, check that the door ropes in a set must be replaced. The ropes in
closer is attached to the leading panel, which the set must all be from the same manufacturer
moves in the opposite direction. Check the sec- and of the same material, grade, construction,
ondary mechanical interconnecting means on and diameter, and preferably cut from the
multispeed doors. same reel.

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3.23.1.1 ASME A17.2–2001

(3) The lengths of all wire ropes in a set experience is recommended as a guide for the
of suspension ropes, and consequently the rope inspection and evaluation of wire ropes. Give
tensions, should be substantially equal if maxi- particular attention to where the wire rope pas-
mum rope life and efficiency are to be obtained. ses over sheaves, such as in relation of the
If the tensions do not appear to be substantially position of the wire rope over sheaves with the
the same, equalization of the rope lengths is car at terminal landings.
recommended. (a) Move the car downward 2 ft (610 mm)
(4) If ropes are dirty or overlubricated, a or 3 ft (914 mm) at a time and examine each
proper inspection may not be possible unless rope at each of these stops. Note when broken
the dirt or excess lubricant is removed. wires begin to appear. Thereafter check at fre-
(b) Wire Rope Inspection Procedure. Note that quent intervals to determine the rate of increase
it is not possible to describe the inspection in the number of broken wires. Any rapid in-
procedure for every single type of wire rope crease in the number of broken wires is sig-
installation nor to outline every detail of the nificant.
inspection procedure. Select the location from (b) Count the number of broken crown
which a proper examination of the rope can wires in a rope lay (see Fig. 3.23.1) measured
best be made. For example, the suspension along the length of a rope within which the
ropes of an overhead drum machine cannot be spiral strands complete one turn about the axis.
examined from the top of the car. See Item A lay may be considered as a section of rope
2.27.1. approximately 61⁄2 times the diameter of the
(1) For suspension ropes on traction ma- rope, that is, 31⁄4 in. (83 mm) for 1⁄2 in. (13 mm)
chines with 1:1 roping, examination of the ropes rope and 41⁄16 in. (103 mm) for 5⁄8 in. (16 mm)
should preferably start with the car located at rope.
the top of the hoistway and made from the Refer to the A17.1 Code for rope re-
top of the car, examining the ropes on the placement criteria.
counterweight side. (2) Breaks in the valleys of the ropes, while
(2) For traction machine ropes with 2:1 rop- infrequent, may be an indication of internal
ing, examination of the ropes should preferably breaks. This is not to be confused with a broken
start with the car located at the top of the outside wire when the original break occurred
hoistway and made from the top of the car. at a worn crown and a secondary fracture has
Examine both the dead-end side and the travel- occurred near the point where two adjacent
ing-end side of the counterweight ropes, and strands make contact. In this case, a piece of
dead-end side of the car ropes. The remainder wire has broken out and is missing, and gener-
of the ropes can be examined at the traction ally both ends of the broken wire remaining
sheave by moving the car up the hoistway. are visible.
(3) For overhead winding drum machines (3) Note that where preformed rope is used,
with 1:1 roping, the hoisting ropes must be greater care is required to detect broken wires
examined from the overhead machinery space. that do not protrude from the surface of the
Where the driving machine is located below, rope.
those portions of the ropes leading from the (d) Governor Ropes. Governor ropes should
driving machine drum or sheave and from the be inspected and replaced as outlined for sus-
counterweight to the overhead sheaves can be pension and compensating ropes of traction
examined from the car top as the car descends, machines. Check governor rope and data tag.
except for a small portion which must be exam- The Code also requires the governor rope data
ined from the pit. to be shown on a metal plate attached to the
(4) On all elevators, mark the ropes with speed governor.
chalk to indicate the location of the unexamined (1) If a governor rope has been replaced
section of ropes and examine them later from since the last inspection, determine that the
the machine room or overhead machinery new rope is of the same material, diameter, and
space, or from the pit. construction as that specified on the governor
(c) Wire Rope Inspection Criteria marking plate. If not, a test of the car safety
(1) The following method based on field and governor is required.

76

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ASME A17.2–2001 FIG. 3.23.1

(a) 6 × 19 Suspension Rope, (b) 6 × 19 Suspension (c) Extra Flexible


Warrington-Type Strand Rope, Filler-Wire-Type Strand 8 × 19 Suspension Rope,
[Note (1)] [Note (2)] Seale-Type Strand
[Note (3)]
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

(d) Extra Flexible (e) Extra Flexible (f) Tiller-Rope


8 × 21 Suspension Rope, 8 × 25 Compensating and Construction [Note (6)]
Filler-Wire-Type Strand Governor Rope, FIller-Wire-
[Note (4)] Type Strand [Note (5)]
GENERAL NOTE: Sketches (a) through (f) show ropes with fiber core. Steel cores may be used in the ropes in sketches (a)
through (e).
NOTES:
(1) Outer layer of strand is comprised of alternating large and small wires.
(2) Each strand includes six filler wires that are considered as not load bearing.
(3) 8 ⴛ 19 construction is more flexible than 6 ⴛ 19 and may be used over smaller sheaves.
(4) 8 ⴛ 21 construction is more flexible than 6 ⴛ 19 [sketches (a) and (b)], also more flexible than 8 ⴛ 19 [sketch (c)]. The 8 ⴛ
21 is especially designed for basement single-wrap and double-wrap traction machines, also basement drum machines,
and under-slung-car installations.
(5) Each strand includes six filler wires that are considered as not load bearing.
(6) Used for hand-operating ropes. Not permitted for suspension rope or governor rope, except for replacement on old elevators
with governors designed for it. This type of rope is also prohibited to connect the safety to the governor rope (Requirement
2.17.12).

FIG. 3.23.1 TYPICAL WIRE ROPE CONSTRUCTIONS

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3.23.1.1–3.24.1.1 ASME A17.2–2001

(2) Ensure wire ropes that have been pre- to appear. Thereafter, check at frequent intervals
viously installed have not been used. to determine the rate of increase in the number
of broken wires.
3.23.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators (Roped- (d) Count the number of broken crown wires
Hydraulic Elevators Installed Under A17.1b– in a rope lay [see Table 1001.2(c)(29)(a) in
1989 and Later Editions) A17.1d–2000 and earlier editions] measured
(a) Wire Rope Inspection. Examine suspen- along the length of a rope within which the
sion ropes and note if they conform to the Code spiral strands complete one turn about the axis.
requirements. Do not examine moving ropes A lay may be considered as a section of rope
with hands even if they are gloved, holding rags, approximately 61⁄2 times the diameter of the
cotton waste, etc. Wire rope data is required to rope, that is, 31⁄4 in. (83 mm) for 1⁄2 in. (13 mm)
be shown on the car crosshead data plate. rope and 41⁄16 in. (103 mm) for 5⁄8 in. (16 mm)
(1) Internal breakage of wire ropes is diffi- rope.
cult to detect and, consequently, may be a
greater hazard than surface wear. The surface 3.23.2 Periodic Test
of the rope may show little or no wear, but if
the rope is bent over a short radius, individual 3.23.3 Acceptance
wires will snap and in extreme cases the rope 3.23.4 References
may be broken by hand. Such failures are more
likely to occur in governor and compensating 3.23.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
ropes where the ropes are lightly loaded and earlier editions — Section 212 and Rules 206.7,
the ratio of sheave diameter to rope diameter 1001.2(c)(29), 1200.4d, and 1202.14.
is smaller. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
(2) When replacing suspension ropes, all ments 2.20, 2.18.7, 8.11.2.1.3(cc), 8.6.2.5, and
ropes in a set must be replaced. The ropes in 8.7.2.21.
the set shall all be from the same manufacturer 3.23.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
and of the same material, grade, construction, and earlier editions — Sections 212 and 1307;
and diameter, and preferably cut from the and Rules 1001.2(c)(29), 1004.2(c)(25), 1200.4d,
same reel. 1202.14, and 1203.9.
(3) The lengths of all wire ropes in a set
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-


of suspension ropes, and consequently the rope ments 2.20, 8.2.7, 8.11.2.1.3(cc), 8.11.3.1.3(y),
tensions, shall be substantially equal if maxi- 8.6.2.5, 8.7.2.21, and 8.7.3.25.
mum rope life and efficiency are to be obtained.
If the tensions do not appear to be substantially NOTE: Items 3.24 through 3.29 apply to electric elevators
only.
the same, equalization of the rope lengths shall
be recommended.
(4) If ropes are dirty or overlubricated, a
proper inspection may not be possible unless
the dirt or excess lubricant is removed.
(b) It shall be noted that it is not possible ITEM 3.24
to describe the inspection procedure for every TOP COUNTERWEIGHT CLEARANCE
single type of wire rope installation nor to out-
3.24.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
line every detail of the inspection procedure.
Editions)
The inspector shall use his best judgement in
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
making the inspection and in selecting his loca-
and Later Editions)
tion from which a proper examination of the
rope can best be made. Always place the stop 3.24.1.1 Electric Elevators. With the car at the
switch in the stop position while inspecting the bottom terminal landing, check the top counter-
rope. weight clearance.
(c) Move the car 2 ft (610 mm) or 3 ft (914 NOTE: The projection of rope fastenings or guide shoes
mm) at a time and examine each rope at each above the counterweight structure may not always be an
of these stops. Note when broken wires begin encroachment on the top counterweight clearance. How-

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.24.1.1–3.27.2

ever, excessive projection should not be permitted if interfer- 3.25.4 References


ence with sheaves or other equipment would be encoun-
tered upon maximum overtravel. 3.25.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Section 208.
3.24.2 Periodic Test A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ment 2.24.
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.8.1.
3.24.3 Acceptance
3.24.3.1 Electric Elevators. Measure and rec-
ord the top counterweight clearance.

3.24.4 References ITEM 3.26


BROKEN ROPE, CHAIN, OR TAPE
3.24.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and SWITCH
earlier editions — Rules 107.1h and 1001.2(c)(5).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 3.26.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
ments 2.4.9 and 8.11.2.1.3(e). Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions)
3.26.1.1 Electric Elevators. Check the device
by opening the switch by hand, and attempt
to move the car. The car should not move.
ITEM 3.25 Verify that the linkage attached to the switch
CAR, OVERHEAD, AND DEFLECTOR permits free operation of the switch.
SHEAVES
3.25.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier 3.26.2 Periodic Test
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 3.26.3 Acceptance
and Later Editions)
3.26.4 References
3.25.1.1 Electric Elevators
(a) Car Sheaves. Inspect car sheave and 3.26.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
sheave bearings for condition and adequacy earlier editions — Rules 209.2c(2), 210.2(f)
of lubrication. Verify that sheave bearings are 1001.2(c)(9), and 1002.2i.
securely fastened to the frame members. Ham- A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
mer test rim and spokes of sheaves as outlined ments 2.25.2.3.2, 2.26.2.6, 8.11.2.1.3(i), and
in Item 2.26. Verify that required sheave guards 8.11.2.2.9.
are in place. A17.3 — Paragraph 3.10.4(d).
(b) Overhead and Deflector Sheaves. Inspect
overhead and deflector sheaves where inspec-
tion cannot be made from the overhead as
outlined in Item 2.26.
ITEM 3.27
3.25.2 Periodic Test CROSSHEAD DATA PLATE
3.27.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
3.25.3 Acceptance
Editions)
3.25.3.1 Electric Elevators. Record and check Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
for compliance with drawings and specifications and Later Editions)
the diameter of drums, overhead sheaves, and
deflector sheaves. 3.27.2 Periodic Test

79
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3.27.3–3.29.1.1 ASME A17.2–2001

3.27.3 Acceptance compensating chains are required to be fas-


tened directly to steel counterweight frames or
3.27.3.1 Electric Elevators. Check and verify
to a bracket, but not to tie rods. Verify that
the information on the crosshead data plate,
compensating chains are suspended so that
the hoist rope data tag, and the governor rope
they will not catch on beams or other projections
data tag.
in the hoistway.
3.27.4 References 3.28.2 Periodic Test
3.27.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

earlier editions — Rules 207.3, 212.2, 3.28.3 Acceptance


1001.2(c)(11), and 1202.14. 3.28.3.1 Electric Elevators. Counterweights
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- without either mechanical compensation or
ments 2.16.3, 2.20.2, 8.11.2.1.3(k), and 8.7.2.21. counterweight safeties may be located in a re-
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.12.2. mote hoistway. See Item 4.11.

3.28.4 References
3.28.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Sections 201 and 202 and
ITEM 3.28
Rule 1001.2(c)(13).
COUNTERWEIGHT AND A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
COUNTERWEIGHT BUFFER ments 2.22, 2.21, 8.11.2.1.3(m).
3.28.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier A17.3 — Section 3.2.
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions)
3.28.1.1 Electric Elevators ITEM 3.29
(a) Check that lock nuts and cotter pins at the COUNTERWEIGHT SAFETIES
top and bottom of the rods are in place and
3.29.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
that filler weights (subweights) are securely held
Editions)
in place.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
(b) Check that the counterweight guide shoes
and Later Editions)
are securely fastened to the frame and that
the guiding members are not worn excessively. 3.29.1.1 Electric Elevators. Examine the coun-
Also, check if swivel-type or roller-type guide terweight guiding members and their fastenings
shoes are free to move as intended. to verify that they are properly secured, aligned,
(c) Where 2:1 roping is used, inspect the coun- and adjusted, and not excessively worn. Check
terweight sheave and bearings for condition that all moving parts of the safety are lubricated,
and adequacy of lubrication. Also, verify that free from corrosion, free to operate, and that
the sheave bearings are securely fastened to under ordinary operating conditions the clear-
the counterweight frame and required sheave ance between the guide rail and each rail grip-
guards are in place. Hammer test the sheave ping face of the safety components is correct.
rim and spokes as outlined in Item 2.26. Inspect the safety drum rope and its deflecting
(d) Where the counterweight buffer is sheaves and their fastenings to determine that
attached to the counterweight, determine that they are not worn excessively or corroded, that
the buffer fastening bolts are tight. Determine the sheaves are securely fastened, and are in
that the oil buffer is filled with oil to the proper operating condition. The Code requires safety
level. rope to be of corrosion-resistant material (if not
(e) Check fastenings for compensating chains a continuation of the governor rope). Tiller rope
or ropes to determine that they are securely is prohibited for this application.
fastened to the counterweight. For elevators Check the buffer portion of Type C safeties
installed under A17.1–1960 and later editions, to determine that the oil level is within allowable

80

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.29.1.1–ITEM 3.31

limits. Also, test the buffer compression switch 3.30.3 Acceptance


and the oil level device for proper functioning.
3.30.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check and verify
3.29.2 Periodic Test the information on the crosshead data plate.
Have the rated load placed in the car and use
3.29.2.1 Electric Elevators a tachometer to verify the rated speed going
(a) Yearly Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier up and the operating speed in the down direc-
Editions); Category 1 Test (for A17.1–2000 and tion. The following procedure is recommended:
Later Editions). Check counterweight safeties as (a) After the top-of-car refuge area, top-of-car
outlined in Item 2.29. run-by, and operation of top-of-car operating
(b) 5-Year Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier device have been verified, have the rated load
Editions); Category 5 Test (for A17.1–2000 and placed in the car and run it to the top with the
Later Editions). Check counterweight safeties as top-of-car operating device while occupying the
outlined in Item 2.29. refuge area. Be sure to include the weight of
the person in and on top-of-car in the load.
3.29.3 Acceptance
(b) Have an assistant inside the car place the
3.29.3.1 Electric Elevators car on independent service, if available, and
(a) Check that a metal marking plate has been place a call to the lowest landing.
securely attached to the safety plank, readily (c) Hold a tachometer against the rail and
visible, and legibly and permanently marked. determine the operating speed in the down
Check that the date is accurate and the data direction.
complies with the Code. (d) Have the person inside the car place a
(b) If a couterweight is provided and the space call to a midlevel landing.
below the hoisway is not permanently secured
against access, verify that a counterweight CAUTION: Be aware of top-of-car clearances.
safety is provided.
(c) Test counterweight safeties as outlined in Hold the tachometer against the rail and
Item 2.29. determine the rated speed.
For roped-hydraulic elevators, also verify the
3.29.4 References information on the hoist rope data tag, the
3.29.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and governor rope data tag, and the rail lubrication
earlier editions — Section 205 and Rules marking plate.
109,1001.2(c)(14), 1002.3a, 1003.2, and 1308.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 3.30.4 References
ments 2.17, 2.6, 8.11.2.1.3(n), 8.11.2.3.1, 8.10.2.2,
and 8.2.3. 3.30.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.5.2. and earlier editions — Rules 205.16, 300.8, 301,
1004.2(c)(8), 1006.2g, and Section 3.
NOTE: Items 3.30 through 3.33 apply to hydraulic eleva- A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
tors only.
ments 2.17.16, 3.4 (NR 301), 8.11.3.1.3(h),
8.10.3.2.3(cc), and 1.3.
A17.3 — Section 4.9.

ITEM 3.30
SPEED TEST
3.30.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
ITEM 3.31
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
SLACK ROPE DEVICE —
and Later Editions) ROPED-HYDRAULIC ELEVATORS
INSTALLED UNDER A17.1b–1989
3.30.2 Periodic Test AND LATER EDITIONS

81
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3.31.1–ITEM 3.33 ASME A17.2–2001

3.31.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier 3.32.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions) Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions) and Later Editions)

3.31.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Visually inspect 3.32.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Inspect the
the slack rope device to verify that there is no sheave for the following:
damage or interference with its movement. (a) secure tight fastening to plunger or cyl-
inder;
(b) means to prevent slack ropes from leaving
3.31.2 Periodic Test the sheave securely in place;
(c) guide shoes seated in guide rails and con-
3.31.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators: Yearly Test (for
dition of guides and rails;
A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1
(d) rope changes. Where the material, grade,
Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). Have
number, or diameter of ropes have changed
the car lowered on the safety or supports in
and the existing sheave has been retained, check
the pit to prevent the car from reaching the
for approval by a licensed professional engineer
first floor. The device should cause power to
of the original equipment manufacturer.
be removed from the lowering valve. Then at-
tempt to run the car up. The device should not
allow power to the pump. Jump the device, 3.32.2 Periodic Test
move the car up. Then remove the jumper and
attempt to run the car by normal means. The 3.32.3 Acceptance
car should not operate in either direction until
the slack rope device is manually reset. 3.32.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Verify the fol-
lowing:
(a) sheaves exceed the minimum allowable
3.31.3 Acceptance pitch diameter;
(b) sheaves are marked with the minimum
3.31.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Inspect the de-
permissible groove bottom diameter;
vice and verify it will operate if any one of the
(c) finished grooves or lining for ropes;
ropes becomes slack.
(d) fillet are provided for points of changes
in diameter;

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3.31.4 References (e) sheave in guide rails and condition of rails
and guides.
3.31.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
and earlier editions — Rules 302.1b, 306.4, 3.32.4 References
1004.2(c)(26), and 1005.2f.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 3.32.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
ments 3.18.1.2, 3.26.4, 8.11.3.1.3(z), and (NR and earlier editions — Section 212; and Rules
1005.2f). 208.2, 208.3, 208.5, 301.1b, 302.1b, 307,
A17.3 — Paragraph 4.9.9. 1004.2(c)(27), and 1203.9.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.20, 2.24.2, 2.24.3, 2.24.5, 3.23.2, 3.18.1.2,
(NR 307), 8.11.3.1.3(aa), and 8.7.3.25.
A17.3 — Paragraph 4.9.8.

ITEM 3.32
TRAVELING SHEAVE — ROPED-
HYDRAULIC ELEVATORS INSTALLED
UNDER A17.1b–1989 AND LATER ITEM 3.33
EDITIONS COUNTERWEIGHT

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ASME A17.2–2001 3.33.1–3.34.4.2

3.33.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
Editions) ments 3.4.6, 3.22.2, 3.17.2, and 8.2.3.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 A17.3 — Paragraphs 4.9.2 and 4.9.6.
and Later Editions)
3.33.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. If a counter-
weight is provided, inspect it for:
(a) secure fastening and placement of weight ITEM 3.34
sections; COMPENSATING ROPES AND
(b) locknuts and cotter pins in place; CHAINS
(c) guide shoes securely fastened and not
worn excessively; 3.34.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
(d) guide rails securely fastened and engaging Editions)
counterweight guides. Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
and Later Editions)
3.33.2 Periodic Test
3.34.1.2 Electric Elevators. Examine compen-
3.33.3 Acceptance sating chains and fastenings for excessive wear,
damage, or deterioration. Sash cord wear is no
3.33.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Verify the top
indication of chain damage. See Item 3.23 for
counterweight clearance and bottom counter-
inspection of compensating ropes.
weight runby. Also, verify that a counterweight
buffer is not provided. 3.34.2 Periodic Test
If a counterweight is provided and the space
below the hoistway is not permanently secured 3.34.4 Acceptance
against access, verify that a counterweight
safety is provided. 3.34.4 References
3.34.4.2 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
3.33.4 References
earlier editions — Rules 202.4, 1001.2(c)(30), and
3.33.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 1003.2g.
and earlier editions — Rules 300.8f, 301.4, 301.9, A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
and 1308. ments 2.21.4, 8.11.2.1.3(dd), and 8.10.2.2.3(w)(3).

83

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PART 4
ELEVATOR — OUTSIDE HOISTWAY

ITEM 4.1 4.1.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and


CAR PLATFORM GUARD earlier editions — Rules 301.6 and 1004.2(d)(1).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
4.1.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier ments 3.15 and 8.11.3.1.4(a).
Editions) A17.3 — Paragraph 3.3.2 {4.2.2}.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
Later Editions)
Place the car 2 ft (610 mm) or 3 ft (914 mm)
above one of the landings with the hoistway
door open and inspect the guard to determine
that it is in place and securely fastened. In some
cases, the guard can be inspected from the pit
with the car at the bottom terminal landing. ITEM 4.2
On truck loading elevators with collapsible HOISTWAY DOORS
gates, check that a head guard, which extends
the full width of the hoistway door, is provided 4.2.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
when the vertical hoistway door opening is Editions)
greater than the distance from the car platform Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
to the car top. Later Editions)

4.2.1.1 Electric Elevators


4.1.2 Periodic Test (a) Manually Operated Hoistway Door. Open
and close each manually operated hoistway
4.1.3 Acceptance door, examine each, including any hand-oper-
ated latches, and note any broken glass panels
For all elevators where a car leveling or truck in the doors or any structural defects in the
zoning device is provided, check that there is frames. Try to open the door by pulling on it,
a smooth metal guard extending a distance and also by lifting it without touching the lock
below the platform floor equal to the depth of or latch. If it can be opened in this manner,
the leveling or truck zone plus 3 in. (76 mm), the lock or latch is defective, or the door has
but not less than 21 in. (533 mm) on the entrance sagged so that the lock or latch is not engaging
side of the platform. This apron must have a properly. Check that pull straps are in good
width equal to or greater than the widest condition and properly secured on the upper
hoistway door opening. panel of vertical slide biparting doors.
(b) Closed Position of Hoistway Door or Gate.
4.1.4 References With the car door or gate in the closed position
and with the hoistway door or gate fully open,
4.1.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and close the hoistway door or gate slowly from the
earlier editions — Rules 203.9 and 1001.2(d)(1). landing side until the maximum clear opening is
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- reached at which the actuation of the elevator
ments 2.15.9 and 8.11.2.1.4(a). operating device will cause the car to start.
A17.3 — Section 3.3 and para. 3.2.2. Measure the distance from the nearest face of

84
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ASME A17.2–2001 4.2.1.1–4.2.1.2

the door jamb or gate sill to the nearest edge Maximum


Door Type Clearance, in. Code Edition
of the door or gate, or between the meeting
3
edges of biparting doors. Verify that from this Horizontal slide ⁄8 1955 and later
Vertical slide 1 1971 and later
position the door cannot be reopened from the Swing 3
⁄8 1971 and later
landing side.
GENERAL NOTE: 1 in.p25.4 mm
The measured distance should not exceed
the dimensions indicated in the following para-
(d) Distance Between Panel(s) or Frame. On
graphs:
elevators installed under A17.1–1990 and later
(1) Horizontally sliding or swinging doors editions with horizontally and vertically sliding
or vertically sliding counterweighted doors or hoistway doors in the closed and locked posi-
gates, 3⁄8 in. (9.5 mm), except for elevators tion, apply 30 lbf (133 N) using a door test
installed under A17.1–1955 through 1990, hori- scale to the leading edge of the door at the
zontally sliding doors, 4 in. (102 mm), where furthest point from the interlock. Measure the
the conditions set forth below are met. gap at the furthest point from the interlock. The
(a) Car is operated from inside only. difference shall not exceed the 1 in. (25 mm)
(b) The doors are power closing or maximum per panel.
equipped with door closers that will normally
close the door to 3⁄8 in. (9.5 mm) of the closed 4.2.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators
position and lock it. (a) Manually Operated Hoistway Door. Open
(c) Hoistway doors are equipped with and close each manually operated hoistway
auxiliary locks. (Item 3.17.1). door, examine each, including any hand-oper-
ated latches, and note any broken glass panels
(d) Where hoistway doors are equipped
in the doors or any structural defects in the
with mechanical locks and electric contacts, 2
frames. Try to open the door by pulling on it,
in. (51 mm).
and also by lifting it without touching the lock
(2) Vertically sliding biparting counterbal- or latch. If it can be opened in this manner,
anced doors, when the astragal of the upper the lock or latch is defective, or the door has
panel is within 3⁄4 in. (19 mm) of the lower sagged so that the lock or latch is not engaging
panel. For elevators installed under A17.1–1955 properly. Check that the pull straps are in good
through 1991, this distance was when the door condition and properly secured on the upper
was not more than 3⁄4 in. (19 mm) from their panel of vertical slide biparting doors.
stopped position when provided with interlocks (b) Closed Position of Hoistway Door or
or when more than 3⁄4 in. (19 mm) from their Gate. With the car door or gate in the closed
stopped position when provided with interlocks position and with the hoistway door or gate
or when provided with mechanical locks and fully open, close the hoistway door or gate
electrical contacts within 2 in. (54 mm) of contact slowly from the landing side until the maximum
with each other. The Code prohibits overlapping clear opening is reached, at which the actuation
rigid astragals and center latches. of the elevator operating device will cause the
(3) Check the condition of the leading edges car to start. Measure the distance from the
of the entrance panels. Verify that horizontally nearest face of the door jamb or gate sill to
sliding doors are in the closed position when the nearest edge of the door or gate, or between
the car is waiting at a landing. the meeting edges of biparting doors. Verify
(c) Hoistway Door to Sill Clearance. Verify that from this position the door cannot be re-
that door panels will not appreciably deflect, opened from the landing side.
deform, or come out of the guides or tracks. The measured distance should not ex-
For horizontally sliding doors installed under ceed the dimensions indicated in the following
A17.1b–1992 and later editions, check that safety paragraphs:
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retainers are provided at the top and bottom (1) For elevators installed under A17.1–1990
of the panels. Verify that the clearances between and earlier editions, horizontally sliding or
door panels with each other, their frames, and swinging doors or vertically sliding counter-
their sills have not become excessive. The re- weighted doors or gates, 3⁄8 in. (9.5 mm), except
quirements became effective: for elevators installed under A17.1–1955 through

85

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4.2.1.2–ITEM 4.3 ASME A17.2–2001

1990, horizontally sliding doors, 4 in. (102 mm), elevators installed under A17.1–1990 and later
where the conditions set forth below are met. editions with horizontally sliding and vertically
(a) Car is operated from inside only. sliding hoistway doors in the closed and locked
(b) The doors are power closing or position, apply 30 lbf (133 N) using a door test
equipped with door closers that will normally scale to the leading edge of the door at the
close the door to 3⁄8 in. (9.5 mm). furthest point from the interlock. Measure the
(c) Hoistway doors are equipped with gap at the furthest point from the interlock. The
auxiliary locks (Item 3.23.1). difference shall not exceed the 1 in. (25 mm)
(d) Where hoistway doors are equipped max. per panel.

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with mechanical locks and electric contacts, 2
in. (54 mm). 4.2.2 Periodic Test
(2) For elevators installed under A17.1–1990
and earlier editions, vertically sliding biparting 4.2.3 Acceptance
counterbalanced doors, when the astragal of
the upper panel is within 3⁄4 in. (19 mm) of the Examine hoistway doors, interlocks, and me-
lower panel. For elevators installed under A17.1– chanical locks and electric contacts (see Item
1955 through 1991, this distance was when the 4.4). Determine whether doors meet the require-
door was not more than 3⁄4 in. (19 mm) from ments for passenger or for freight elevators.
their stopped position when provided with inter- Measure the height and width of the entrance.
locks or provided with mechanical locks and Measure the distances between the hoistway
electric contacts within 2 in. (54 mm) of contact face of horizontally sliding or swinging doors
with each other. The Code prohibits overlapping and the hoistway edge of the landing sill [see
rigid astragals and center latches. Table 3.14.3(b)]. Also, measure the distances
(3) For elevators installed under A17.1–1990 between the hoistway face of the hoistway
and later editions, 3⁄8 in. (9.5 mm) except 3⁄4 in. doors and the car door or gate (see Item 1.7.1).
(19 mm) for vertically sliding biparting counter- Check the measured distances. Check that the
balanced doors. Check the condition of the lead- doors, door frame, and entrance hardware are
ing edges of the entrance panels. Verify that labeled. See Item 3.17.3.
horizontally sliding doors are in the closed posi-
tion when the car is waiting at a landing. 4.2.4 References
(c) Hoistway Door to Sill Clearance. For eleva-
tors installed under A17.1–1993 and later edi- 4.2.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
tions, check the hoistway door to sill clearance. earlier editions — Section 110; and Rules 111.7,
Verify that door panels will not appreciably 210.2, and 1001.2(d)(2).
deflect, deform, or come out of the guides or A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
tracks. For horizontally sliding doors installed ments 2.11, 2.12.7, 2.26.2, and 8.11.2.1.4(b).
under A17.1b–1992 and later editions, check that A17.3 — Paragraph 3.10.4.
safety retainers are provided at the top and 4.2.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
bottom of the panels. Verify that the clearances earlier editions — Section 110 {Rule 300.11};
between door panels with each other, their Rules 111.2b and 111.3b {300.12}; and 306.4,
frames, and their sills have not become exces- 1004.2(d)(2), and 1006.2h.
sive. The requirements became effective: A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.11 {3.11}; 2.12.2.2 and 2.12.3.2 {3.12};
and 3.26.4, 8.11.3.1.4(b), and 8.10.3.2.3(r).
Maximum
Door Type Clearance, in. Code Edition A17.3 — Paragraph 4.7.4.
3
Horizontal slide ⁄8 1955 and later
Vertical slide 1 1971 and later
3
Swing ⁄8 1971 and later
GENERAL NOTE: 1 in.p25.4 mm
ITEM 4.3
(d) Distance Between Panel(s) or Frame. On VISION PANELS

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ASME A17.2–2001 4.3.1–4.4.3

4.3.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier 4.4.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions) Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
Later Editions) Later Editions)
Where vision panels are provided, note that On doors or gates equipped with interlocks,
clear wired glass is used and is secured in which are unlocked automatically by retiring
place. For elevators installed under A17.1–1990 cams or similar devices, when the car is in the
and later editions, check that the required vision unlocking zone place the car near each landing
panel grill is in place. outside this zone above and below the landing
so that the automatic unlocking device on the
car cannot release the interlock. With the car
4.3.2 Periodic Test away from the landing, try to open the hoistway
door by hand. It should not be possible to open
the door. For sliding doors on elevators installed
4.3.3 Acceptance
under A17.1a–1991 and later editions, check that
Check that elevators with automatic or contin- a force of 30 lbf (133 N) applied at the farthest
uous pressure operation, with manually oper- point from the interlock will not open the doors
ated or self-closing hoistway doors of the verti- more than 1 in. (25 mm) per panel. Observe
cally or horizontally sliding type, have a vision the door operation and note that on closing the
panel at all landings except at landings of auto- doors do not bounce open beyond the close
matic operating elevators where a hall position position.
indicator is provided. On vertical sliding biparting doors with retir-
Check that all horizontally swinging doors ing cams, check the alignment of the cam and
have vision panels. interlock rollers as follows: With the doors open
When a glass door is provided, check the and the car level with the landing, observe the
type of glass, thickness, minimum surface area, alignment of the interlock roller with the retiring

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and edging. cam and note as well that the interlock roller
is near the vertical center of the retiring cam
so that the retiring cam cannot operate the
4.3.4 References interlock when the car is outside the landing
4.3.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and zone.
earlier editions — Rules 110.7 and 1001.2(d)(3).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 4.4.2 Periodic Test
ments 2.11.7 and 8.11.2.1.4(c).
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.6.3.
4.4.3 Acceptance
4.3.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and Determine whether interlocks or mechanical
earlier editions — Rules 110.7 {300.11} and locks and electric contacts are provided [see
1004.2(d)(3). Item 3.17.1(a)(6)]. Note that they are inaccessible
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- from the landing side.
ments 2.11.7 {3.11} and 8.11.3.1.4(c). Verify that the interlocks, or the mechanical
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.6.3 {Section 4.1}. locks and electric contacts, are of a type that
have been tested and approved, and are marked
for identification [see Item 3.17.1(a)(5)].
Check the retiring cam and note that it is
permanently marked with its horizontal force
and horizontal movement. Verify that the hori-
zontal force and movement comply with mini-
ITEM 4.4 mum code requirements. Where a moderniza-
HOISTWAY DOOR LOCKING tion did not replace a retiring cam, which was
DEVICES installed under A17.1–1960 or earlier editions,

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4.4.3–4.6.4.1 ASME A17.2–2001

the marking would not be present. See also 4.5.2 Periodic Test
Item 3.17.3.
4.5.3 Acceptance
4.4.4 References
4.5.3.1 Hydraulic Elevators. Check hoistway
4.4.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and access switches and/or unlocking devices where
earlier editions — Section 111 and Rule provided.
1001.2(d)(4).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 4.5.4 References
ments 2.12 and 8.11.2.1.4(d).
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.7.1. 4.5.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 111.6, 111.7, and
4.4.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and 1001.2(d)(5).
earlier editions — Section 111 {Rule 300.12} and A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
Rule 1004.2(d)(4). ments 2.12.6, 2.12.7, and 8.11.2.1.4(e).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- A17.3 — Paragraph 2.7.3.
ments 2.12 {3.12} and 8.11.3.1.4(d).
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.7.1 {Section 4.1}. 4.5.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 111.6 and 111.7 {300.12},
and 1004.2(d)(5).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.12.6 and 2.12.7 {3.12}, and 8.11.3.1.4(e).
ITEM 4.5 A17.3 — Paragraph 2.7.3 {Section 4.1}.
ACCESS TO HOISTWAY
4.5.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
Later Editions)
ITEM 4.6
POWER CLOSING OF HOISTWAY
(a) Unlocking Devices. Check any escutcheons DOORS
on doors and verify that they are intact, securely
fastened in place, and not deformed. The un- 4.6.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
locking device key is to be kept on the premises Editions)
by a person responsible for the maintenance Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
of the elevators and only accessible to qualified Later Editions)
persons in case of emergency. For the elevators
installed under A17.1–1978 and later editions, 4.6.2 Periodic Test
the key way should be located at a height not
greater than 6 ft 11 in. (2.11 m) above the floor. 4.6.3 Acceptance
(b) Hoistway Access Switches. Hoistway ac- Where both a hoistway door and a car door
cess switches were required for all elevators or gate are opened and/or closed by power,
installed under A17.1–1955 edition. Hoistway check that the hoistway door and the car door
access switches are required under certain con- or gate are:
ditions for elevators installed under A17.1–1960 (a) both of the horizontally sliding type; or
and later editions. For elevators installed under (b) both of the vertically sliding type.
A17.1b–1983 and later editions and A17.3, the
movement of the car by upper access switch
4.6.4 References
is limited in the down direction to the height
of crosshead above the platform and in the up 4.6.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
direction to the length of the platform guard. earlier editions – Section 112 and Rule
Check for proper operation. Verify that the 1001.2(d)(6).
switch key is kept in a location where it is A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
available only to authorized persons. ments 2.13 and 8.11.2.1.4(f).

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ASME A17.2–2001 4.6.4.2–ITEM 4.9

4.6.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and 4.8.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
earlier editions — Rules 112.3 through 112.6 Editions)
{300.13}, and 1004.2(d)(6). Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- Later Editions)
ments 2.13.3 through 2.13.6 {3.13}, and
(a) Hoistway Enclosures. Where openwork-
8.11.3.1.4(f).
type enclosures and doors are permitted and
A17.3 — Section 2.8 {4.1}.
used, check enclosure panels at all floors and
note whether they are securely fastened in
place. Also, verify that wire netting or mesh
required by the applicable regulations is in place
and securely fastened.
ITEM 4.7
(b) Glass Curtain Walls. A17.1f–1975 and later
SEQUENCE OPERATION editions permit elevator hoistways with glass
4.7.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier curtain walls. The panels are required to be
Editions) laminated glass. See Item 1.11.
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
Later Editions) 4.8.2 Periodic Test
Check the door sequence operation on eleva-
tors with vertical biparting power-operated 4.8.3 Acceptance
hoistway doors and power-operated car doors Determine whether the hoistway enclosure
or gates. conforms to building code requirements for fire-
(a) During opening operation, hoistway door resistive construction.
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should be opened two-thirds or more of its Verify that means to prevent accumulation
travel before car door or gate starts to open. of smoke and hot gases, such as venting or
(b) During closing operation, the car door or pressurization, are provided as required by the
gate should be closed two-thirds or more of its applicable building code. See Item 3.11.
travel before the hoistway door starts to close.
4.8.4 References
4.7.2 Periodic Test
4.8.4.1 Electric Elevators A17.1d–2000 and
4.7.3 Acceptance earlier editions – Rules 100.1, 100.4, 100.5, and
1001.2(d)(8).
4.7.4 References A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.1.1, 2.1.4, 2.1.5, and 8.11.2.1.4(h).
4.7.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
A17.3 — Paragraphs 2.1.1 and 2.1.2.
earlier editions — Rules 112.6, 112.3d, and
ANSI Z97.1.
1001.2(d)(7).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 4.8.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
ments 2.13.6, 2.13.3.4, and 8.11.2.1.4(g). earlier editions — Rules 100.1, 100.4, and 100.5
4.7.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and {300.1}; and 1004.2(d)(8).
earlier editions — Rules 112.6 and 112.3d A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
{300.13}, and 1004.2(d)(7). ments 2.1.1, 2.1.4, and 2.1.5 {3.1}; and
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 8.11.3.1.4(h).
ments 2.13.6 and 2.13.3.4 {3.13}, and A17.3 — Paragraphs 2.1.1 and 2.1.2 {Sec-
8.11.3.1.4(g). tion 4.1}.

ITEM 4.8 ITEM 4.9


HOISTWAY ENCLOSURE ELEVATOR PARKING DEVICES

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4.9.1–4.10.3.2 ASME A17.2–2001

4.9.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier removable only in the locked position, and that
Editions) the lock can be unlocked from the landing side
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and only. Verify that the key for this lock is accessible
Later Editions) only to authorized persons. Check that a sign
indicating “Danger, Elevator Hoistway” has
Check operation of parking (service key) de-
been provided on the landing side of each
vice and verify that all parts of the device are
emergency door.
free to operate and that the door cannot be
opened unless the car is at the landing. For 4.10.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. For elevators in-
elevators installed under A17.1–1978 and later stalled under A17.1–1955 edition, check that
editions, the device should be located at a height emergency doors are closed, locked, and free
not greater than 6 ft 11 in. (2.11 m) above the from fixed obstructions. Check the operation of
floor. the door electric contact. For elevators installed
4.9.2 Periodic Test under A17.1–1960 and later editions, check that
the emergency doors are self-closing and self-
4.9.3 Acceptance locking. Verify that the key for this lock is acces-
sible to authorized people. Check that a sign
See Item 4.4.3. indicating “Danger, Elevator Hoistway,” has
4.9.4 References been provided on the landing side of each
emergency door.
4.9.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rule 1001.2(d)(9).
4.10.2 Periodic Test
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Requirement
8.11.2.1.4(i).
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.7.2. 4.10.3 Acceptance
4.9.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and 4.10.3.1 Electric Elevators. Check the opera-
earlier editions — Rule 1004.2(d)(9). tion of the self-closing device and functioning
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Requirement of the self-locking device, and that a door electric
8.11.3.1.4(i). contact is provided. Check that it can be un-
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.7.2 {Section 4.1}. locked from the landing side only through the
use of the cylinder-type lock, with a key that
will not unlock any other door or device in the
building.
Check that the key is kept where it is available
ITEM 4.10 only to authorized persons.
EMERGENCY DOORS IN BLIND Verify that cylinder-type lock with a minimum
HOISTWAYS of either a five-pin or five-disc combination has
4.10.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier been provided on the landing side of the door,
Editions) that the key is removable only in the locked
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 position, and that the door can be unlocked
and Later Editions) from the landing side.

4.10.1.1 Electric Elevators. For elevators in- 4.10.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Verify that a cyl-
stalled under A17.1–1955, check that emergency inder-type lock with a minimum of either five-
doors are closed, locked, and free from fixed pin or five-disc combination, has been provided
obstructions. Check the operation of the door on the landing side of the door, that the key
electric contact. For elevators installed under is removable only in the locked position, and
A17.1–1960 and later editions, check for the that the door can be unlocked from the land-
above and that the emergency doors are self- ing side.
closing and self-locking. Verify that a cylinder-
type lock with a minimum of five-pin or five- NOTE: Emergency doors in blind hoistways are required
disc combination is provided, that the key is on hydraulic elevators only where car safeties are used.

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ASME A17.2–2001 4.10.4–4.12.4.2

4.10.4 References 4.11.4 References


4.10.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and 4.11.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 110.1 and 1001.2(d)(10). earlier editions — Rules 103.1, 103.3, 110.1, and
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 1001.2(d)(11).
ments 2.11.1.1, 2.11.1.2, and 8.11.2.1.4(j). A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.3.1, 2.3.3, 2.11.1.1, 2.11.1.2, and
4.10.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 8.11.2.1.4(k).
and earlier editions — Rules 110.1 and 1004.2.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.11.1.1 and 2.11.1.2 and (NR 1004.2).
ITEM 4.12
STANDBY POWER SELECTION SWITCH
4.12.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions)
ITEM 4.11 Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000
SEPARATE COUNTERWEIGHT and Later Editions)
HOISTWAY Check that the standby power selection key
is kept in a location where it is available only
4.11.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
to authorized persons.
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 4.12.2 Periodic Test: Yearly Test (for A17.1d–
and Later Editions) 2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1
Test (for A17.1–2000 and Later
4.11.1.1 Electric Elevators. Where the coun-
Editions)
terweight runs within a separate enclosure out-
side the hoistway, each rope and its fastening See Item 1.17.2.
should be inspected at the door in such enclo- 4.12.3 Acceptance
sure nearest to the top of the hoistway. Deter-
mine that inspection doors in the counterweight 4.12.4 References
enclosure meet the requirements of the Code. 4.12.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
Instruct the operator to move the car a short earlier editions — Rules 211.2, 211.8,
distance at a time and inspect the ropes. 1001.2(d)(13), and 1002.2g.
The Code prohibits the location of counter- A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
weights outside the elevator hoistway, except ments 2.27.2, 2.27.8, 8.11.2.1.4(l), and 8.11.2.2.7.
for elevators without mechanical compensation A17.3 — Paragraph 3.11.2.
or counterweight safeties installed under the
4.12.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000
A17.1f–1975 and later editions. A17.1f–1975
and earlier editions — Rules 207.8 {301.10},
through A17.1b–1983, limited separate counter-
211.2 and 211.8 {306.11}, 1002.2g, 1004.2(d)(11),
weight hoistways to observation-type elevators.
and 1005.2c.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
4.11.2 Periodic Test ments 2.16.8 {3.16}, 2.27.2 and 2.27.8 {3.27},
8.11.2.2.7, 8.11.3.1.4(k), and 8.11.3.2.3.
4.11.3 Acceptance A17.3 — Paragraph 3.11.2 {4.7.8}.
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PART 5
ELEVATOR — PIT

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS (1) Open the stop switch adjacent to the pit
access door.
Observe the following precautions when mak-
(2) Open main line disconnect switch if fir-
ing inspections due to the limited space avail-
efighters’ service requirements allow bypassing
able between the underside of the car and the of the interlocks. A17.1b–1973 through A17.1g–
pit floor when the car is level with the bottom 1976 allowed this type of operation.
terminal landing. (3) Plan where to take refuge in case the
(a) Before starting the inspection, observe the car inadvertently moves toward the pit.
following precautions: (4) Calculate the undercar clearance that will
(1) Have a person familiar with the opera- be available if the car stops on the bumpers
tion of the elevator stationed on top of the car or on the compressed buffers.
when using the top-of-car operating device or (5) Where adequate undercar clearance is
outside the car using the hoistway access not available, provide temporary undercar
switch, when provided. When neither is pro- blocking to ensure the necessary clearance.
vided, station a person in the car. Since the (c) On entering the pit, the pit stop switch
top-of-car operating device operates at slow should be opened and should only be closed
speed, its use is suggested. if it is desired that the person in or on top of
(2) Issue the following instructions to the the car moves it for the purpose of inspection.
operator in the car or on top: Take every precaution to make sure that no
(a) The car should be moved only when part of the body projects into portions of any
and as directed. adjoining elevator hoistway area.
(b) The operator in the car or on top (d) Do not enter wet pits carrying an electric
should repeat the directions and receive an OK extension light. Under such conditions avoid
before moving the car. contact with any parts of the terminal limit or
(c) To prevent accidental starting of the other switches. If there is water in the pit, it
car, the operator should, immediately following must be removed prior to the inspection.
each stop, perform one of the following: (e) If there is debris, spilled oil, or grease, it
(1) open the emergency stop switch; must be cleaned prior to inspection.
(2) where possible, open the hoistway (f) When in the pit, have the operator keep
or car door, or gate as soon as the car stops one hand on the stop switch (ready to activate
and keep it open until directed to move the car. it) when moving the car. The car may continue
(3) Test the operation of the following, to move down in the leveling zone.
where provided, as outlined in this Guide:
(a) car emergency stop switch, in-car stop
switch, top-of-car stop switch, and pit stop switch.
(b) car door or gate electric contacts;
(c) hoistway door or gate interlocks or
electric contacts.
(4) Verify that the elevator will not respond
to any corridor calls. ITEM 5.1
(b) Before entering the pit, observe the follow- PIT ACCESS, LIGHTING, STOP SWITCH,
ing precautions: AND CONDITION

92

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ASME A17.2–2001 5.1.1–5.1.4.2

5.1.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Carefully note the location of all equipment in
Editions) the pit and under the car, and identify a refuge
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and area to use in case the car runs down unexpect-
Later Editions) edly. Note the location of cars and equipment
in adjacent hoistways. Sump covers level with
(a) Check that the means of access is safe, the pit floor are required by A17.1a–1985 and
convenient, and accessible only to authorized later editions. On entering the pit examine for
persons. cleanliness especially in trenches and depres-
(1) If a pit access door is provided, check sions allowed for buffers, vertically sliding
that it is locked and is self-closing and can be doors, or structural members.
opened from inside the pit without a key. A17.3 Check the pit area for the installation of
also requires that this door be kept closed and any pipes or ducts not related to the operation
locked. of the elevator. For elevators installed under
(2) If access is through the lowest landing, A17.1–1993 and later editions, a permanent
check that the hoistway door unlocking device means of preventing the accumulation of water
or access switch operates properly. is required.
(b) If access is through the lower landing and (f) For elevators installed under A17.1a–1988
the pit floor is more than 4 ft (1 219 mm) below and later editions, check that a duplex receptacle
the access sill, check the required pit ladder for has been provided in the pit. For elevators
compliance and secure fastening to the wall. If installed under ANSI/NFPA 70-1993, check the
the ladder is not secure, do not use it. A17.1– receptacle is provided with ground-fault circuit-
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1978 and later editions required a pit ladder for interrupter protection.
pit extending more than 3 ft (914 mm) below For elevators installed under ANSI/NFPA 70-
the access sill. 1996 and later editions, check that the receptacle
(c) Check that the stop switch can be reached is of the ground-fault circuit-interrupter type.
from the access entrance and that it will prevent A single receptacle supplying a permanently
the car from operating by placing it in the stop installed sump pump does not require ground-
position and having a person in the car attempt fault circuit-interrupter protection.
to move it. In addition to the other requirements
in A17.1–1971 and later editions require the 5.1.2 Periodic Test
stop and run positions to be marked on the
switch. For elevators installed under A17.1–1978 5.1.3 Acceptance
through A17.1b–1992, two-pit switches are re-
quired when the pit access is from the lowest Examine the pit construction for Code compli-
landing and the pit depth is more than 6 ft 7 ance and note that the pit floor is approximately
in. (2 007 mm). For elevators installed under level. If the pit has a drain, verify that it is not
A17.1–1993 and later editions, two-pit switches directly connected to a sewer.
are required when the depth exceeds 66 in.
(1 676 mm). Verify that either switch will stop 5.1.4 References
the car.
5.1.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
(d) The pit light switch must be accessible earlier editions — Rules 102, 103.2, 106.1,
from the pit access door. Turn this switch on and 210.2(g), 1001.2(e)(1), and 1206.2a.
verify that lighting meets Code requirements. A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
A17.1a–1988 and later editions require the bulb ments 2.8, 2.3.2, (NR 106.1), 2.26.2.7,
to be guarded externally to reduce accidental 8.11.2.1.5(a), and 8.6.4.7.
breakage. This edition also requires that a du- A17.3 — Paragraphs 2.3.1, 2.3.2, and 2.7.3.
plex receptacle be provided in the pit. ANSI/NFPA 70 — Section 620-85.
(e) From a safe position on the landing or pit
access door, use a light to visually inspect the 5.1.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
pit for the presence of water, accumulation of earlier editions — Section 102 {Rule 300.3}; and
combustible materials, oil or other materials, or Rules 106.1 {300.7}, 300.10, 306.4, 1004.2(e)(1),
equipment not related to the elevator operation. and 1206.2a.

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5.1.4.2–5.2.3.1 ASME A17.2–2001

A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- low the sum of the distance the car can travel
ments 2.8 {3.8}; (NR 106.1) {3.2}, 3.6, 3.26.4, above the top terminal landing until the plunger
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8.11.3.1.5(a), and 8.6.4.7. strikes its mechanical stop plus 150 mm (6 in.).
A17.3 — Paragraphs 2.3.1, 2.3.2, and 2.7.3
{Section 4.1}; and 3.10.4. 5.2.2 Periodic Test
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Section 620-85.
5.2.3 Acceptance
5.2.3.1 Electric Elevators. Check the bottom
car and counterweight clearance and runby for
ITEM 5.2 compliance with the Code requirements. Posi-
BOTTOM CLEARANCE, RUNBY, AND tion the car above the lower landing to allow
MINIMUM REFUGE SPACE access to the pit. These may be determined as
follows:
5.2.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
(a) Bottom Car Runby. See Fig. 5.2.3.
Editions)
(1) Measure the distance from the landing
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
sill to the car floor sill dimension a.
Later Editions)
(2) Without moving the car, measure dis-
If there has been an obvious change such as a tance from the buffer to the buffer strike plate
new buffer, buffer mounting, or rope fastenings, on the bottom of the car dimension b. Subtract
check the car and counterweight bottom clear- a from b; this will be the bottom car runby.
ances and runbys (see Item 5.2.3). Note that a negative number indicates that the
car will strike the buffer when level with the
5.2.1.1 Electric Elevators. The car and coun-
bottom landing.
terweight runby may be less than provided upon
(3) For spring-return-type oil buffers, where
installation, provided the car and counterweight
compression is permitted, check that any com-
does not strike the buffer, the top car clearances
pression of the car and counterweight buffers
have not been reduced below that required at
does not exceed 25% of the buffer stroke.
the time of installation or alteration (Item 3.4),
(b) Bottom Car Clearance. See Fig. 5.2.3.
and the final terminal stopping devices remain
(1) Measure the distance (dimension c) from
operational (Items 2.26, 3.8, and 5.4). For spring-
the lowest structure member beneath the car,
return type oil buffers, where compression is
ignoring roller guides, platform aprons, safety
permitted, check that any compression of the
jaws, and other equipment located within 12
car and counterweight buffers does not exceed
in. (305 mm) horizontally of the hoistway wall.
25% of the buffer stroke.
(2) Measure the distance from the buffer to
Where required, examine the counterweight
the buffer striking plate on the car and add the
guard for secure fastening and placement. In
buffer stroke to this measurement b plus buffer
some cases, removable blocking is furnished in
stroke. Subtract b plus buffer stroke from c to
connection with the counterweight buffer to
obtain the bottom car clearance. Do not consider
provide adjustment following rope stretch in
trenches, depressions, or foundation encroach-
order to secure proper counterweight runby
ments when making these measurements. Also,
without shortening the ropes. If smooth metal
use these measurements to determine that no
plates are used for blocking, examine for evi-
part of the car or equipment will touch the floor
dence of the plates being coated with oil and
when the car rests on its fully compressed
picked up by the counterweight.
buffer.
Check the available refuge space for elevators
(c) Bottom Counterweight Runby. With the
installed under A17.1b–1972 and later editions.
car level with the top terminal landing, visually
5.2.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check the avail- check the distance between the bottom of the
able refuge space for elevators installed under counterweight and the top of the counterweight
A17.1e–1987 and later editions. buffer in the pit, or where a gravity-return coun-
If a counterweight is provided, the minimum terweight buffer is used, between the buffer
counterweight runby must not be reduced be- plunger and the striker block in the pit.

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ASME A17.2–2001 5.2.3.1–5.2.3.2

Bottom car runby = b − a


Bottom car clearance = c − (b + buffer stroke)

Example:
Buffer stroke = 10 in.
a = 24 in.
a b = 30 in.
c = 66 in.
b
Bottom car runby = 30 in. − 24 in. = 6 in.
c
Bottom car clearance = 66 in. − (30 in. + 10 in.) = 26 in.

GENERAL NOTES: Minimum refuge space not less than (a) or (b) below.
(a) 24 in. by 48 in. by 24 in. high; or
(b) 18 in. by 36 in. by 42 in. high.

FIG. 5.2.3 BOTTOM CAR CLEARANCE HYDRAULIC ELEVATORS

For spring-return-type oil buffers, where com- other equipment located within 12 in. (305 mm)
pression is permitted, check that any compres- horizontally of the hoistway walls.
sion of the car and counterweight buffers does (2) Measure the distance (dimension b)
not exceed 25% of the buffer stroke. from the buffer to the buffer striking plate on
Check the counterweight runby against the the car and add the buffer stroke to this mea-
data plate shown in the pit. surement. Subtract b plus buffer stroke from c
5.2.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. Check the bottom to obtain the bottom car clearance. Do not
car clearance and runby for compliance with consider trenches, depressions, or foundation
the Code requirements. Position the car above encroachments when making these measure-
the lower landing to allow access to the pit. ments. Also, use these measurements to verify
These may be determined as follows: that no part of the car or equipment will touch
(a) Bottom car Runby. See Fig. 5.2.3. the floor when the car rests on its fully com-
(1) Measure the distance from the landing pressed buffer.
sill to the car floor sill, dimension a. (c) Bottom Plunger Clearance. Verify that with
(2) Without moving the car, measure dis- the car on full compressed buffers, the plunger
tance from the buffer to the buffer strike plate does not strike the bottom of the casing. To
on the bottom of the car, dimension b. Subtract do this, lower the car by inspection or manual
a from b; this will be the bottom car runby. lowering and fully compress the buffers. On
Note that a negative number indicates that the spring buffers that may not be compressed
car will strike the buffer when level with the easily, measure the distance from the buffer
bottom landing. strike plate to the buffer springs with the car
(b) Bottom Car Clearance. See Fig. 5.2.3. level with the landing (runby). Add to this dis-
(1) Measure the distance (dimension c) from tance the full stroke of the buffer. With the
the lowest structure member beneath the car, buffer springs removed, the car must be lowered
ignoring roller guides, platform aprons, and at least the sum of the two distances.

95
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5.2.3.2–ITEM 5.4 ASME A17.2–2001

If a counterweight is provided, verify the bot- that the device is securely fastened and not
tom counterweight runby and that no counter- loose.
weight buffers are provided.
Check the counterweight runby against the 5.3.2 Periodic Test
data plate shown in the pit.
5.3.2.1 Electric Elevators
5.2.4 References (a) Yearly Test (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
Editions); Category 1 Test (for A17.1–2000 and
5.2.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and Later Editions). The operation of the final termi-
earlier editions — Rules 103.2, 107.1a, 107.1b, nal stopping device (final limit) and its relation
201.4h, 1001.2(e)(2), 1202.14b, and 1206.8. to the cam by jumping out the normal terminal
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- stopping device and running the car past the
ments 2.3.2, 2.4.1, 2.4.2, 2.22.4.8, 8.11.2.1.5(b), terminal floor at slow speed. The car should
(NR 1202.14b), and 8.6.4.11. stop as close to the floor as practical.
A17.3 — Paragraphs 2.4.2 and 2.4.3. The final terminal stopping device should
5.2.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and not function when the car is stopped by the
earlier editions — Rules 300.8, 302.3c, normal terminal stopping device. Where spring
1004.2(e)(2), and 1006.2e. buffers are used, verify that the device will
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- function before the buffer is engaged. Measure
ments 3.4, 3.18.3.3, 8.11.3.1.5(b), and the length of the cam and, using the bottom
8.10.3.2.5(c). car runby and buffer stroke, check that the
A17.3 — Paragraph 2.1.5. device will continue to function until the car
rests on its fully compressed buffer. After this
test, it will be necessary to jump the final termi-
nal stopping device to move the car off of it.
(b) 5-Year Test of Emergency Terminal Stop-
ping Means (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Edi-
ITEM 5.3 tions); Category 5 Test of Emergency Terminal
FINAL AND EMERGENCY TERMINAL Stopping Means (for A17.1–2000 and Later Edi-
STOPPING DEVICES tions). For static control elevators see Item
2.28.2(b) and for emergency terminal speed lim-
5.3.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
iting devices see Item 5.3.2.
Editions)
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
Later Editions) 5.3.3 Acceptance

5.3.1.1 Electric Elevators. The lower final ter-


minal stopping device should be located as 5.3.4 References
close to the terminal landing as possible without 5.3.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
interfering with the normal terminal stopping earlier editions — Rules 209.3, 1001.2(e)(4), and
device. 1003.2e.
Where spring buffers are used, the lower A17.1–2000 and Later Editions – Requirements
terminal stopping device must stop the car be- 2.25.3, 8.11.2.1.5(d), and 8.10.2.2.5(c).
fore the car strikes the buffer. With the car A17.3 — Paragraph 3.9.2.
parked as near the device as possible and the
stop button in the stop position, use a light to
check alignment of the device and the operating
cam. The roller should be centered on the cam
in such a position that the cam or roller will
not be damaged when it operates. This must
allow free motion of the roller arm and positive ITEM 5.4
opening of the switch contact without damaging NORMAL TERMINAL STOPPING
the switch. Have the car moved up and check DEVICES

96

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ASME A17.2–2001 5.4.1–5.6.4.1

5.4.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier 5.5.4 References


Editions)
5.5.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
earlier editions — Rule 102.2.
Later Editions)
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Requirement
If the normal terminal stopping device is lo- 2.8.2.
cated in the hoistway, check that it is securely ANSI/NFPA 70 — Section 620-41.
fastened, that the roller is in good condition
5.5.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
and aligned with the cam. The alignment with
earlier editions — Rules 102.2 {300.3} and
the cam may have to be checked from the top
1004.2(e)(6).
of the car as described in Item 3.5.1.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.8.2 {3.8} and 8.11.3.1.5(f).
5.4.2 Periodic Test
ANSI/NFPA 70 — Section 620-41.
See Items 2.28 and 3.5.

5.4.3 Acceptance

5.4.4 References ITEM 5.6


GOVERNOR-ROPE TENSION DEVICES
5.4.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 209 and 1002.2e. 5.6.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- Editions)
ments 2.25 and 8.11.2.2.5. Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.9.1. Later Editions)
5.4.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and Examine the governor-rope tension device
earlier editions — Rules 305.1, 1002.2e {1005.2c}, and determine whether:
and 1004.2(e)(5). (a) there is sufficient remaining travel of the
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- sheave frame to maintain tension in the gover-
ments 3.25.1, 8.11.2.2.5 {8.11.3.2.3}, and nor rope and that the frame is securely fastened
8.11.3.1.5(e). to the hoistway;
A17.3 — Paragraph 3.9.1 {Section 4.6}. (b) the frame moves freely in its guides;
(c) the operation of the sheave while the car
is in motion, reveals no excessive wear of the
sheave, shaft, or bearings, and that all parts

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are lubricated;
ITEM 5.5 (d) check for excess lubricant or other contam-
TRAVELING CABLES inants that may get on the governor rope;
(e) with the car operating, listen for noise
5.5.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier caused by rubbing or bearing in a failure mode.
Editions) Lifting of the tension weights with the car at
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and rest and the stop switch in the stop position
Later Editions) may also assist in detecting defects.
Examine the lower portion of the traveling 5.6.2 Periodic Test
cables and their connections to the car as out-
lined in Item 3.11. The cables should not touch 5.6.3 Acceptance
the pit floor or rub against any other equipment.
Examine visible portion of cables for wear, twist, 5.6.3.1 Electric Elevators. See Item 2.28.3.
or damage.
5.6.4 References
5.5.2 Periodic Test 5.6.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
earlier editions — Rules 206.7, 1001.2(e)(7), and
5.5.3 Acceptance 1206.1a.

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5.6.4.1–5.8.1.1 ASME A17.2–2001
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A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 5.7.3 Acceptance


ments 2.18.7, 8.11.2.1.5(g), and 8.6.1.6.2.
If a wood platform has been painted with
5.6.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and fire-retardant paint, have the installer furnish
earlier editions — Rules 206.7, 301.8, data on the paint to verify Code compliance.
1004.2(e)(11), and 1206.1a.
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require- 5.7.4 References
ments 2.18.7, 3.17.1, 8.11.3.1.5(k), and 8.6.1.6.2.
5.7.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
A17.3 — Paragraph 4.9.7.
earlier editions — Rules 203.8, 203.6, 207.2b(3),
and 1001.2(e)(9).
A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ments 2.15.8, 2.15.6, 2.16.2.2, and 8.11.2.1.5(i).
ITEM 5.7 A17.3 — Section 3.3.
CAR FRAME AND PLATFORM 5.7.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
5.7.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier earlier editions — Section 308; and Rules 301.6,
Editions) 302.2c, and 1004.2(e)(7).
Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
Later Editions) ments 3.28, 3.15, 3.18.2.3, and 8.11.3.1.5(g).
A17.3 — Section 3.3 {para. 4.2.2}.
Examine the car portion of the car frame
accessible from the pit and determine whether
all fastenings, including those between the car
frame and the platform, are securely in place
and that the frame is not distorted. ITEM 5.8
Examine the buffer strike plates to determine CAR SAFETIES AND GUIDING
that they have not been deformed or removed.
MEMBERS — INCLUDING ROPED-
Examine the frame and platform members
HYDRAULIC ELEVATORS INSTALLED
and their fastenings. Distorted or straightened
members, blistered paint, exuded rust from be- UNDER A17.1b–1989 AND LATER
tween members or around bolts or rivets, and EDITIONS
oil bubbles on members may all be clues to a 5.8.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier
cracked or fractured member. Where examina- Editions)
tion reveals the possibility of a fracture, further Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and
investigation should be made as identified in Later Editions)
Item 3.18.
Check any platform toe guards and aprons 5.8.1.1 Electric Elevators
on entrance sides and determine whether they (a) Steel Guide Rails. Examine the car and
are securely fastened to the platform. Check counterweight guiding members and their fas-
platform balancing weights and determine tenings to determine that they are properly
whether they are securely fastened. Check the secured, aligned, and adjusted, and that they
platform guard for secure fastening and length. are not worn excessively.
If a truck zoning device is provided, the guard Determine that all moving parts of the
should meet Code requirements for this appli- safety are clean, lubricated, not corroded, free
cation. to operate, and that the clearance between the
If a wood car platform is provided, check guide rail and each rail gripping face of the
the fire protection of the underside of the car safety parts is in compliance with the Code (see
platform for compliance. If a fire-retardant paint note below).
has been used, it should be in good condition. Check that the rope used to connect the
If the underside is clad with sheet metal, it safety to the governor rope is securely fastened
must be in place. and snugly seated in the deflection sheaves
without any kink or excess slack. The rope
5.7.2 Periodic Test should not be corroded. On drum-operated safe-

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ASME A17.2–2001 5.8.1.1–5.8.2.1

ties check that the safety drum rope is correctly any downward motion of the car would cause
wound on the drum. Where the safety jaws are the jaw teeth to dig into the rails.
connected with tie rods, such rods must be (3) When a safety operating switch is pro-
straight and secure. vided, the motion of bringing the safety jaws
If the safety switch is located here, inspect in contact with the rails must be sufficient to
its condition, position, and fastening. Check to operate the switch.
see that a metal marking plate is securely
attached to the safety plank, readily visible, and 5.8.1.2 Hydraulic Elevators
legibly and permanently marked indicating the (a) Steel Guide Rails
following: (1) Examine the car and counterweight
(1) the maximum tripping speed, in ft/min guiding members and their fastenings to verify
(m/s), for which the safety may be used; that they are properly secured, aligned, and
(2) the maximum weight in pounds that adjusted, and that they are not worn excessively.
the safety as installed is designed to stop and (2) Verify that all moving parts of the safety
sustain. are clean, lubricated, not corroded, free to oper-
This marking plate has been required ate, and that the clearance between the guide
since A17.1–1955, but A17.3 does not require rail and each rail gripping face of the safety
this marking plate. Prior to A17.1–1955 the safety parts are in compliance with the Code.
was required to be marked with load and speed (3) Check that the rope used to connect the
date, but no marking method was specified. safety to the governor rope is securely fastened
and snugly seated in the deflection sheaves
NOTE: A running clearance of 3⁄32 in. (2.4 mm) was permitted
for safeties installed under the 1937 and earlier editions of
without any kink or excess slack. The rope shall
the Code. A clearance of 9⁄64 in. (3.6 mm) is required for not be corroded. If the safety switch is located
elevators installed under A17.1–1955 and later editions. This under the car, inspect its condition, position,
facilitates adjusting the governor rope movement (required and fastening.
to operate the safety mechanism to the point where the (b) Wood Guide Rails. An examination of the
safety jaws exert pressure on the rails) to within the maxi-
mum permitted by Rule 205.11. The closer running clear-
following items shall be made in addition to
ance, permitted for the older safeties, may result in wear the governor-rope system and guide rails.
on the gripping surface of the jaws which requires careful (1) From the top of the car, examine all
inspection to detect, and may necessitate frequent readjust- safety operating parts including levers and link-
ment. A17.3 does not address safety jaw running clearance age to be sure that all keys and set screws are in
but does address the safety rope pullout that often affects
the safety jaw clearance. If sliding guides have been re-
place and tight. There shall not be an excessive
placed with roller guides, the safety jaws must not touch amount of lost motion in the transmittal of
the guide rail when the roller guide is at its fullest extent movement to the finger rods actuating the safety
of movement. jaws.
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(2) From the pit, with the elevator car plat-


(b) Wood Guide Rails. Make an examination form at a convenient height, the safety jaws
of the following items in addition to the gover- can be readily examined and applied against
nor-rope system and guide rails. the guide rails by pulling the governor rope.
(1) From the top of the car, examine all The safety jaws shall be brought in contact with
safety operating parts including levers and link- both guide rails in such a manner that any
age to be sure that all keys and set screws are downward motion of the car would cause the
in place and tight. There should not be an jaw teeth to dig into the rails.
excessive amount of lost motion in the transmit- (3) When a safety operating switch is pro-
tal of movement to the finger rods actuating vided, the motion of bringing the safety jaws
the safety jaws. in contact with the rails shall be sufficient to
(2) From the pit, with the elevator car plat- operate the switch.
form at a convenient height, the safety jaws
can be readily examined and applied against
the guide rails by pulling the governor rope. 5.8.2 Periodic Test
The safety jaws should be brought in contact
with both guide rails in such a manner that 5.8.2.1 Electric Elevators. See Item 2.29.

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5.8.2.2 ASME A17.2–2001

5.8.2.2 Hydraulic Elevators rails. Then open the switch manually and verify
(a) Yearly Test Inspection of Safeties (for that the car will not run when the switch is
A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); Category 1 open.
Test Inspection of Safeties (for A17.1–2000 and (b) Yearly Test and Inspection of Wood Guide
Later Editions) Rail Safeties (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Edi-
(1) Examine the car guide shoes and their tions); Category 1 Test and Inspection of Wood
fastenings to verify that they are properly se- Guide Rail Safeties (for A17.1–2000 and Later

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cured, aligned, and adjusted. Check the gibs or Editions)
rollers for excessive wear. (1) The effectiveness of safeties of this type
(2) Under normal operating conditions, the depends on a substantial initial engagement of
clearance between the guide rail and each rail the toothed safety jaw with the wood guide rail
gripping face of the safety parts is approxi- in a manner to produce an increasing engage-
mately equal. The distance between the rail ment with the rail until the car or counterweight
gripping faces of the safety parts shall not be is brought to rest. Therefore, the condition of the
less than the thickness of the guide rail plus guide rails is a prime consideration in making an
9
⁄64 in. (3.4 mm) with 1⁄16 in. (1.6 mm) min. examination of the equipment.
between either side of the rail and the grip- (2) The guide rails must be of first quality
ping face. selected wood with the width sized to fill the car
(3) Inspect the mechanism to see that it is guide shoe minus the normal running clearance.
clean and lubricated and that there is no corro- Guide rails that are more than 1⁄8 in. (3.2 mm)
sion present. undersize in width or show evidence of “comb-
(4) Before checking the adjustments of the ing” by the safety jaws shall be replaced.
trip (finger) rods and rollers, all crosshead pivot (3) From the top of the car, examine all
points and linkage shall be examined for lost safety operating parts including levers and link-
motion, loose or missing set screws, and exces- age to be sure that all keys and set screws are in
sive friction. Any lost motion in the actuation place and tight. There shall not be an excessive
lever shall be removed. Lost motion and the amount of lost motion in the transmittal of
inertia of the governor-rope system may trip movement to the finger rods actuating the safety
the safeties under normal starting conditions. jaws.
(5) With the elevator car platform at a con- (4) From the pit, with the elevator car plat-
venient height, the safety can readily be checked form at a convenient height, the safety jaws
from the pit to verify that: can be readily examined and applied against
(a) all rollers are properly in place; the guide rails by pulling the governor rope.
(b) trip (finger) rods are in position to pick The safety jaws shall be brought in contact with
up the rollers; both guide rails in such a manner that any
(c) when the governor rope is pulled to downward motion of the car would cause the
impart motion to the trip (finger) rods, the roller jaw teeth to dig into the rails.
must move upward into the ultimate wedged (5) When a safety operating switch is pro-
positions in the safety block without restriction. vided, the motion of bringing the safety jaws
The operation shall be repeated several times in contact with the rails shall be sufficient to
observing that the rollers fall toward the rail. operate the switch.
When the “finger” engages the roller, if there (c) Yearly Test of Safeties (for A17.1d–2000
is any tendency for the roller to fall away from and Earlier Editions); Category 1 Test of Safeties
the rail, a jam between the roller and safety (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions)
block can result in a safety failure; (1) After the safety has been inspected, posi-
(d) normally, the rollers shall be at the tion the car or counterweight in the lower por-
lowest point of travel resting against the guard; tion of the hoistway so that it will be accessible
the trip (finger) rods shall be adjusted so that after the test. Jump out the switches on the
the rollers engage simultaneously when wedged governor and safety (or that part of the safety
between the roller pocket and the guide rail. circuit) that would prevent a full setting of the
(6) Verify that the switch contacts open be- safety. Start the car in the down direction at
fore the safety jaws or rollers contact the guide the slowest operating speed and trip the gover-

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ASME A17.2–2001 5.8.2.2

nor by hand. On centrifugal governors that do platform using test weights, centered on each
not have a dropping jaw, engage the flyweight quarter symmetrically with relation to the cen-
into the actuating device before starting the car terline.
down. Run the car down until the safety sets (2) Use a tachometer to determine the op-
and stops the car. Next, open the main line erating speed in the down direction with the
disconnect switch, remove any jumpers and rated load.
proceed to the safety being tested. (3) Jump out any governor switches, or any
part of the safety circuit, that will prevent a full
CAUTION: Verify that there is no excess slack in the suspen-
setting of the safety. Adjacent cars shall be shut
sion ropes that could result in the car falling should the
safety slip. Examine all parts of the safety equipment to down during test.
determine if anything is broken or out of order. (4) For Type B safeties, the safety mecha-
nism switch (plank switch) must not be jumped
(2) Check the platform for level. out. For the duration of the test, this switch
(3) After the safety has been examined, re- must be temporarily adjusted to open as close
store power and if necessary, jump the slack as possible to the position at which the car
rope switch. Then release safety by moving the safety mechanism is in the fully applied position.
car in the up direction. Restore and reset the The opening of this switch has an effect on the
governor to operating position. safety slide, which must be taken into consider-
(4) Examine all of the safety parts to verify ation.
that they have returned to the normal running (5) When testing safeties, the following
positions, and be sure that there is no slack in steps must be considered:
the safety rope. (a) Make sure that any adjustable stops
(5) Inspect the guide rails for scoring and on the governor tension sheave are set very
loose hardware. Dress any scored rail surface. close to the movable unit.
(6) It is not necessary to record the stopping (b) Make sure that the buffers are fully
distance in this test. extended and filled to a normal level with oil.
(7) Verify that all jumpers have been re- (6) Add the dimension of the safety rope
moved. pullout to the estimated stopping distance in
(d) Test of Wood Guide Rail Safeties. With order to determine the distance the car will
governor-operated safeties, set the governor in travel after the governor is tripped. Spot the
the applied position and run the car in the down car a distance above the point where the stop
direction from the controller to see that it will is desired. Put a reference mark on the governor
operate the safety. Continue to operate until with chalk. Move the car up a few floors, far
the ropes slip on traction machines or slacken enough to reach the mark at full speed. Start
on drum machines. For Type A safeties without the car down and trip the governor by hand

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governors, set blocking in the pit securely and when you see the mark. Let the elevator run
run the car down slowly to see that the jaws until the machine stops or the rope becomes
come into proper position when a slack rope slack then immediately remove power from the
is obtained. hoisting machine. The slack rope device should
(e) 5-Year Test of Safeties [Rated Load, Rated also open and require manual reset to operate
Speed (except for where wooded guide rails the elevator. If a normal safety setting occurs,
are used)] (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier Editions); put all the cars back in service, except the one
Category 5 Test of Safeties [Rated Load, Rated being tested. Before inspecting of the safety,
Speed (except for where wooded guide rails be sure to check for excessive slack in suspen-
are used) (for A17.1–2000 and Later Editions). sion rope.
CAUTION: Care shall be taken not to stand directly in front (7) Proceed to the elevator car and check
of or look directly at the main line disconnect switch when the platform for level. It shall not be out of
opening and closing. Do not permit any person to ride the level more than 3⁄8 in./ft (31 mm/m) in any
car during the 5-year test (for A17.1d–2000 and earlier direction.
editions), Category 5 test (for A17.1–2000 and later edi-
(8) Move the car up to release the safety
tions).
and reset the governor.
(1) Place the rated load on the elevator car (9) For Type B safety, measure the slide

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5.8.2.2–5.9.1.1 ASME A17.2–2001

marks on all four rail surfaces. Take the average 5.8.3.2 Hydraulic Elevators. The acceptance
and subtract the length of the safety jaws. This test is the same as the 5-year test (for A17.1d–
slide distance must be within the range given 2000 and earlier editions), Category 5 test of
in the Code. It is recommended that the formulas safeties (for A17.1–2000 and later editions). Ex-
in Part XIII of A17.1d–2000 and earlier editions amine the data on the safety marking plate and
be used to determine the maximum and mini- verify that it meets the requirements for the
mum slide distance. When performing this rated speed and load of the installation.
load, rated speed test, the rated speed is the
speed at which the governor is tripped during
5.8.4 References
this test.
(10) Check the rails and dress any scored 5.8.4.1 Electric Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
surface. Also, check for any loose rail or bracket earlier editions — Section 203 and Rules 205.11,
fastenings. 1001.2(e)(10), 1001.2b(2)(c), 1002.3a, 1206.1g,
(11) To inspect a car safety, move the car and 1202.4a.
to a convenient height above the pit floor. Exam- A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
ine all parts of the equipment to determine if ments 2.15, 2.17.11, 8.11.2.1.5(j), [NR
any are broken or out of order. Be sure that 1001.2b(2)(c)], 8.11.2.3.1, 8.6.4.5, and 8.7.2.15.1.
the ropes are in their sheave grooves. Be sure A17.3 — Section 3.5.
that the safety jaws and mechanisms have re-
turned to the normal running position. 5.8.4.2 Hydraulic Elevators. A17.1d–2000 and
(12) After the safety tests are complete, re- earlier editions — Sections 205 and 1306; and
move any jumpers from the safety switches Rules 301.8, 301.9, 1004.2(e)(10), 1005.2c, and
and readjust the safety mechanism switch. 1005.4.
(13) Ensure the required test tags are in- A17.1–2000 and later editions — Require-
stalled. ments 2.17 and 8.2.6; and 3.17.1, 3.17.2,
Counterweights are seldom used on hydraulic 8.11.3.1.5(j), 8.11.3.2.3, and 8.11.3.4.
elevators and counterweight safeties would be A17.3 — Paragraphs 4.9.6 and 4.9.8.
even less frequent. However, if they are found,
they may be tested as follows.
NOTE: Items 5.9 through 5.10 apply to electric elevators
Since counterweight safeties for hydraulic ele- only.
vators are operated by breaking or slacking of
the counterweight suspension means, the test
shall be made by placing an extended jack and
blocking under the counterweight. Then slowly
move the car up allowing the counterweight to
contact the safety. Then lower the jack, to obtain
slack rope, to operate the safety and verify that
the counterweight safety will stop and hold the
counterweight, to obtain slack rope to operate
the safety. It will be necessary to jump the slack ITEM 5.9
rope device when conducting this test to prevent BUFFER AND EMERGENCY TERMINAL
it from operating before sufficient slack rope is SPEED LIMITING DEVICES
obtained to operate the safety. After this test
--`,,`,,,,``,```,`,,,,,,,`````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

5.9.1 Routine (for A17.1d–2000 and Earlier


the elevator should not operate until both the
safety switch and the slack rope device are Editions)
manually reset. Periodic Inspection (for A17.1–2000 and