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Bahagian B

( 20 Markah )
Jawab semua soalan berikut.

1 Diagram 1.1 shows the structure of a plant cell as seen under an electron microscope.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan struktur satu sel tumbuhan yang dilihat di bawah mikroskop
electron.

Nucleus
Nukleus
Ribosome
Ribosom

Rajah 1.1

(a) (i) Name organelles P, Q and R.


Namakan organel P, Q dan R.

P : ...............................................................................
Q : ...............................................................................
R : ...............................................................................
[3 markah]

(ii) Explain the function of organelle P in the plant cell.


Terangkan fungsi organel P dalam sel tumbuhan.

…………………………………...............................................................................
…………………………………................................................................................
…………………………………................................................................................
[2 markah]
(b) The ribosomes in Q synthesize proteins to form hormone.
Explain the effect to the plant’s growth if the cells in the shoot tip are lacking in
ribosomes.
Ribosom dalam Q mensintesis protein untuk membina hormon.
Terangkan kesan ke atas pertumbuhan suatu tumbuhan jika sel pada bahagian hujung
pucuk tumbuhan kekurangan ribosom.
………………………………………...............................................................................
………..……………………………................................................................................
………..……………………………...............................................................................
[2 markah]

(c) Diagram 1.2 shows a plant.


Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan suatu tumbuhan.

Diagram 1.2
Rajah 1.2

(i) State the level of cell organisation of part S.


Nyatakan aras organisasi sel bagi bahagian S.

.........................................................................................
[1 markah]
(ii) Explain how the cell organisation is build up.
Terangkan bagaimana organisasi sel bagi S dibina.

...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
[2 markah]

2
Diagram 2.1
Rajah 2.1

Figure 2.1 shows a fluid mosaic model of plasma membrane.


Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan model cecair mozaik membran plasma.

(a) Label structures P, Q, R and S using the following:


Dengan menggunakan istilah yang diberi labelkan struktur P, Q, R dan S.

 Protein Pembawa

 Kolesterol

 Protein Liang

 Fosfolipid

[4markah]
Diagram 2.2
Rajah 2.2

An experiment has been carried out on plant cell, S which is soaked in solution T. The result
is shown in Diagram2.2.
Satu eksperimen telah dijalankan terhadap sel tumbuhan S yang direndam ke dalam larutan
T. Hasilnya seperti Rajah 2.2 telah diperolehi.

(b) State the type of solution T.


Nyatakan jenis larutan T.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1markah]

(c)(i) Name the phenomenon that occurs on plant cell S.


Namakan fenomena yang berlaku pada sel tumbuhan S tersebut.

…………………………………………………………………………………………..........

[1markah]
(ii) Explain how does the phenomenon in (c) (i) occurs.
Huraikan bagaimana fenomena di (c)(i) di atas berlaku.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 markah]

(d)(i) Draw the shape of the plant cell after it is soaked in distilled water in the space
provided below.
Pada ruangan di bawah lukiskan bentuk sel tumbuhan itu selepas direndam semula
dalam air suling.

[1markah]

(ii) State the process that takes place in the cell.


Nyatakan proses yang dialami oleh sel tersebut.

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

[1 markah]

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