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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Cadangan jawapan
Kertas 3 – KIMIA SPM 2017 – Cg Adura

[SPM04-01-P3]
(a)
Cadangan jawapan Skor
Observation Inferences 3
Dapat menyatakan dua pemerhatian Dapat menyatakan dua inferens yang
dengan tepat: lengkap sepadan dengan pemerhatian:
Contoh jawapan lengkap:
Contoh inferens lengkap:
1. Wasap putih terbebas / white fume Magnesium oksida terbentuk/ MgO
released formed
2. Jisim kandungan mangkuk pijar Magnesium berpadu / bertindak balas
bertambah/ mass increases dengan oksigen / Magnesium react with
3. Pepejal/ serbuk putih terbentuk / oxygen
white solid produce/ formed Magnesium teroksida/ dioksidakan
4. Nyalaan putih/ terang/ berkilau // Magnesium oxidized
burn brightly
Dapat menyatakan satu pemerhatian Dapat menyatakan satu inferens yang
yg lengkap atau dua pemerhatian yg lengkap atau dua inferens yang kurang
kurang lengkap: lengkap:

Contoh jawapan kurang lengkap: Contoh inferens kurang lengkap:


1. Wasap terbebas // asap putih Sebatian magnesium terbentuk
terbentuk Magnesium berpadu / bertindak balas
2. Jisim magnesium bertambah dengan udara
3. Pepejal/ serbuk terbentuk Magnesium teroksida/ dioksidakan
4. Magnesium menyala
Dapat menyatakan satu idea tentang Dapat menyatakan satu idea inferens:
pemerhatian:
Contoh jawapan:
Contoh jawapan: Tindak balas berlaku
1. Gas dibebaskan // gas putih
2. Terdapat pertambahan berat
3. Berat magnesium bertambah
4. Nyalaan/ baraan / cahaya
Jisim mangkuk pijar bertambah
|

b
Cadangan jawapan Skor
Dapat mencatatkan ketiga-tiga jisim dengan 2 t. perpuluhan dengan betul: 3

Contoh jawapan:
Jisim mangkuk pijar dan penutup: 25.35 g

Jisim mangkuk pijar, penutup dan pita magnesium: 27.75 g

Jisim mangkuk pijar, penutup dan magnesium oksida setelah disejukkan:


29.35 g
Dapat mencatatkan mana-mana dua jisim dengan 2 t. perpuluhan dengan 2
betul
Dapat mencatatkan mana-mana satu jisim dengan 2 t. perpuluhan dengan 1
betul

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

(i) dan (ii)


Cadangan jawapan Skor
Dapat menentukan jisim magnesium, jisim oksigen dan menunjukkan 3
langkah menentukan formula empirik magnesium oksida dengan betul:

Jisim magnesium: 27.75 -25.35 = 2.40 / 2.4 g


Jisim oksigen: 29.35 – 27.75 = 1.60 / 1.6 g
Langkah menentukan formula empirik magnesium oksida:
2 .4
L1: Mol magnesium: = 0.1
24
1 .6
Mol oksigen: = 0.1
16

L2: Nisbah Mg : O = 1:1


L3: Formula empirik = MgO
Dapat menyatakan jisim magnesium, jisim oksigen dan menunjukkan 2
langkah pertama atau menyatakan formula empirik magnesium oksida dengan
betul

Dapat menyatakan jisim magnesium atau jisim oksigen atau menyatakan


formula empirik magnesium oksida dengan betul

d
Cadangan jawapan Skor
Dapat menyatakan definasi secara operasi berdasarkan formula empirik
dengan tepat:

Contoh jawapan:
1 mol magnesium react with 1 mol oxygen
Dapat menyatakan definasi secara operasi berdasarkan formula empirik
dengan kurang tepat:
Contoh jawapan:
1 mol magnesium bertindak balas dengan oksigen
Dapat menyatakan definasi secara operasi mengikut konsep:

Contoh jawapan:
Mol magnesium dan oksigen adalah sama.

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Negeri Sembilan – 2016

Explanation score
1(a) [Able to fulfil the following criteria]
1. all readings correct
2. two decimal places
3. without unit
Answer:
Methanol = 1.55 Ethanol = 1.20 Propanol = 1.10 Butanol = 1.61 3

One of criteria is not fulfilled


2
[Able to fulfil criteria 1] 1
[No response given or wrong response] 0

Explanation score
[Able to state all variables correctly]
1 Sample answer:
(b) Manipulated variable: Types of alcohols//[Name of alcohols]
Responding variable: Heat of combustion//Temperature 3
increase/change
Fixed variable: Aluminium can//Water (Reject: Volume of water)
[Able to state any 2 variables correctly]
2
[Able to state any 1 variable correctly] 1

[No response given or wrong response] 0

Explanation score
[Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and the
1 responding variable with direction correctly]
(c) Sample answer:
The higher the number of carbon atoms per molecule of alcohol, the 3
higher the heat of combustion.
Note : RV  MV score 2

[Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and the
responding variable]
Sample answer:
The higher the number of carbon atoms, the higher the heat of 2
combustion.

[Able to state an idea of hypothesis]


Sample answer:
Different alcohols ,different heat of combustion. 1

[No response given or wrong response] 0

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Explanation score
Able to draw a bar chart by fulfill the following criteria:
1 (i) Axes are labelled with correct unit
(d) (ii)Scale used must cover at least 50% of graph paper
(iii)Uniform spacing and width for each bar 3
Sample answer:[Refer to page 8]
Able to draw a bar chart by fulfill the following criteria:
(i) Axes are labelled with correct unit 2
(ii)Uniform spacing and width for each bar
Able to draw a bar chart by fulfill the following criteria:
(i) Axes are labelled with correct unit
(ii) All bars are combined 1

[No response given or wrong response] 0

Explanation score
1(e)
[Able to predict the heat of combustion of pentanol and draw the bar for
pentanol correctly]
Criteria : 1. Value with correct unit
3
2.The bar drawn as in 1(d) score 3
Answer:
2260 kJ mol-1
[Draw a correct bar chart]

[Able to predict the heat of combustion of pentanol and draw the bar for
pentanol]
Answer: 2
2260 + 20 [without unit]
[Draw a correct bar chart]

[Able to predict the heat of combustion of pentanol or draw the bar for
pentanol]
Answer:
1
2260 + 20 [without unit]
or
[Draw a correct bar chart]

[No response given or wrong response] 0

Explanation score
[Able to state the operational definition for heat of combustion correctly]
1 (f) Sample answer:
3
The heat released/produced when 1 mole of alcohol is burnt in excess
oxygen, thermometer reading increases.
[Able to state the operational definition for heat of combustion]
Sample answer:
Heat released/produced when alcohol is burnt in excess oxygen. 2
[Able to state an idea of operational definition for heat of combustion]
Sample answer: 1
Heat released when alcohol burns.
[No response given or wrong response] 0

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Melaka 2016

Mark Scheme Mark


1(a) Able to state all pH value correctly
3
Answer

Acid solution Colour of indicator pH value


Acid P Red 1
Acid Q Yellowish orange 5
Acid R Yellow 6
|
Able to state any twopH value correctly 2
Able to state any one pH value correctly 1
No response or wrong response 0

1(b) Able to state all the variables correctly


3
Sample answer
Manipulated variable:
Type of acid // Acid P, Q, R and S // Four different acids

Responding variable:
pH value // Colour of indicator // Strength of acid

Fixed variable:
Concentration of acid // Universal indicator // volume of acid

Able to state any two variables correctly 2


Able to state any one variable // idea of all variables 1
No response or wrong response 0

1(c) Able to state all correct inferences


3
Acid Inference
P P is a strong acid // P ionize completely in
water // P produces high concentration of
hydrogen ions.
Q Q is a weak acid // Q ionize partially in water
// Q produces low concentration of hydrogen
ions.
R R is a weak acid // R ionize partially in water
// R produces low concentration of hydrogen
ions.
|
Able to state any two inferences correctly. 2
Able to state any one inferences // idea of all inferences 1

No response or wrong response 0

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

1(d) Able to state the relationship between pH value with the strength of
acid correctly. 3

Sample answer
When pH value increases, the strength of acid decreases.

Able to state the relationship between pH value with the strength of


acid less correctly. 2

Sample answer
pH value is inversely proportional to the strength of acid.

Able to give an idea


1
Sample answer
pH value is affected by strength of acid.

No response or wrong response 0

1(e) Able to state the operational definition for strong acid correctly.
1. Low pH value 3
2. Add universal indicator

Sample answer
Acid that shows low pH value when universal indicator is added into it.

Able to state the operational definition for strong acid less correctly.
1. Low pH value // 2
2. Add universal indicator

Sample answer
i. Acid that shows low pH value. //
ii. Add universal indicator into the acid.

Able to state an idea of operational definition


1
Sample answer:
Colour of indicator change // pH less than 7 // Ionise completely

No response or wrong response 0

1(f) Able to record all the burette readings accurately with two decimal
place and with correct unit. 3

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Answers

Set Initial burette reading Final burette reading


I 0.30 cm3 24.30 cm3
II 24.30 cm3 47.80 cm3
III 0.50 cm3 25.00 cm3
|
Able to record all burette readings less correctly with or without unit
2
Sample answers

Set Initial burette reading Final burette reading


I 0.30 24.30
II 24.30 47.80
III 0.50 25.00
or
Set Initial burette reading Final burette reading
I 0.3 cm3 24.3 cm3
II 24.3 cm 3 47.8 cm3
III 0.5 cm 3 25 cm3
|
Able to record at least four burette readings less correctly
1
Sample answers:

Set Initial burette reading Final burette reading


I 1.7 24.3
II 24.3 48.2
III 0.5 25
|
No response or wrong response 0

1(g) Able to construct a table to record the initial burette readings, final
burette readings and volume of acid for Set I, Set II and Set III that 3
contain:

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

1. Correct titles
2. Readings and units

Sample answer:

Set Initial burette Final burette Volume of


reading (cm3) reading (cm3) acid (cm3)
I 0.30 24.30 24.00
II 24.30 47.80 23.50
III 0.50 25.00 24.50
|
Able to construct a less accurate table that contains the following:
2
1. Titles
2. Readings

Sample answer:

Set Initial burette Final burette Volume of


reading reading acid
I 0.3 24.3 24.0
II 24.3 47.8 23.5
III 0.5 25.0 24.5
|
Able to construct a table that contains titles and readings for initial
burette readings and final burette readings only. 1

Sample answer:

Set Initial burette reading Final burette reading


I 0.3 24.3
II 24.3 47.8
III 0.5 25.0
|
No response or wrong response 0

1(h) Able to predict the volume of acid S correctly with unit.


3
Answer: 50.0 cm3
Able to predict the volume of acid S
2
Answer: 50
Able to give an idea to predict the volume of acid S
1
Sample answer: more than 25 // more than acid P

No response or wrong response 0

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

(i)(i) Able to state the correct observation for both set.


Sample answers 3

Set I :
Bubbles released // Calcium carbonate dissolve in ethanoic acid
solution.

Set II :
No bubbles // Calcium carbonate does not dissolve in glacial ethanoic
acid.
Able to state correct observation for any one set.
Sample answers: 2

Set I :
Bubbles released // Calcium carbonate dissolve in ethanoic acid
solution.
or
Set II :
No bubbles // Calcium carbonate does not dissolve in glacial ethanoic
acid.
Able to give an idea of the observation
Sample answers: 1
Calcium carbonate reacts with acid // Carbon dioxide gas
No response or wrong response 0

(i)(ii) Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and
the responding variable and state the direction correctly. 3

Sample answer:
Presence of water causes acid to show its properties.
Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and
the responding variable less correctly. 2

Sample answer:
Acid will shows its acidic properties when water presence.
Able to state the idea of hypothesis
1
Sample answer:
Reaction occurs when water present.
No response or wrong response 0

(j) Able to classify all the acids correctly


3
Sample answer:

Strong acid Weak acid

Nitric acid Citric acid


Sulphuric acid Carbonic acid

|
Able to classify any three acids correctly 2
Able to classify any two acids correctly 1
No response or wrong response 0

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Perlis 2015

Rubric Score
1(a) Able to state an observation accurately

Sample answer:
3
Rubber strip Y is extended longer than rubber strip X

Able to state the observation correctly

Sample answer: 2
Rubber strip Y is extended/become longer//
Rubber strip X do not extended

Able to state idea of the observation

Sample answer: 1
Rubber strip extended

No response or wrong response 0

Rubric Score
1(b) Able to state an accurate inference for this experiment:

Sample answer:
3
Rubber strip X is harder than rubber strip Y
Able to state the inference for this experiment:

Sample answer: 2
Rubber strip X is hard// Rubber strip Y is soft
Able to state the general inference for this experiment:

Sample answer: 1
X is more elastic rubber
No response or wrong response 0

Rubric Score
1(c) Able to write all the reading of rubber strip X and Y correctly with one
decimal place.

Answer:
Rubber strip X: 5.0, 5.0, 5.0, 6.0 3
Rubber strip Y: 5.0, 5.5, 6.4, 8.5

Able to write all the reading of rubber strip X and Y correctly


2
Able to write 3 correct reading for rubber strip X and 3 correct
reading for rubber strip Y 1

No response or wrong response 0

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Rubric Score
1(d) Able to construct a table with correct title and units and accurately
Type of
rubber Rubber strip X Rubber strip Y 3
Weight (g) 0 15 30 45 0 15 30 45
Length 5.0 5.0 5.0 6.0 5.0 5.5 6.4 8.5
(cm)

Able to construct a table without title or units and less accurately


Type of Rubber strip
rubber Rubber strip Y
X
2
Weight 15 30 45 15 30 45
Length 5.0 5.0 6.0 5.5 6.4 8.5
|
Able to give the idea about to construct table
Type of Rubber strip
rubber Rubber strip Y
X 1
Length 5.0 5.0 6.0 5.5 6.4 8.5

No response or wrong response 0

Rubric Score
Able to state three variables correctly:
1(e) Sample answer:
(i) Manipulated variable: Rubber strip X, Rubber strip Y

(ii) Responding variable: The length of rubber strip after weight is


3
removed

(iii) Fixed variable: Size of rubber strip, mass of weight


Able to state any 2 of the above information correctly 2
Able to state any 1 of the above information correctly 1
No response or wrong response 0

Rubric Score
Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and the
1(f) responding variable correctly and with direction
3
Sample answer:
Rubber strip X is more elastic than rubber strip Y
Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and the
responding variable correctly and without direction

Sample answer:
The elasticity of rubber strip X is high than rubber strip Y 2
Able to state an idea of the hypothesis
Sample answer:
Rubber strip x is less elastic. 1
No response or wrong response 0

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Rubric Score
1(g) Able to give an accurately relationship between length of rubber strip and
elasticity.
Sample answer: 3
The length of rubber strip increases the elasticity decreases

Able to give less accurately relationship between length of rubber strip and
elasticity.

Sample answer: 2
The length increases the elasticity decreases

Able to give and idea of relationship between length of rubber strip and
elasticity

Sample answer: 1
directly proportional

No response or wrong response 0

Rubric Score
1(h) Able to state the operational definition correctly

Sample answer:
3
The longer the length of rubber strip after weight is removed the less
elastic the rubber strip.

Able to state the operational definition less correctly

Sample answer:
After weight is removed the rubber strip become longer 2

Able give an idea for operational definition

Sample answer:
The length of rubber strip increase 1

No response or wrong response 0

Rubric Score
1(i) Able to explain the observation by stating all the following aspect correctly

Answer:

Rubber strip Y has more double bond between carbon and carbon atom//
Rubber strip X has less double bond between carbon and carbon atom// 3
Rubber strip Y easily undergoes oxidation process compared to rubber
strip X//

Able to explain the observation by stating any two of the aspect correctly
2
Able to explain the observation by stating any one of the aspect correctly
1
No response or wrong response 0

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Rubric Score
1(j) Able to predict the rubber that will snap first and state the type of rubber
strip X and Y correctly

Answer:
Rubber Y will snap first 3
Rubber strip X : Vulcanized rubber
Rubber strip y : Unvulcanized rubber

Able state any two of the answer correctly


2
Able state any one of the answer correctly
1
No response or wrong response 0

Rubric Score
1(k) Able to classify all the substances correctly

Sample answer:
Substance that can Substance that cannot
coagulate latex coagulate latex 3
Nitric acid Sodium hydroxide
Methanoic acid Ammonia
|

Able to classify any three the substances correctly 2


Able to classify any two the substances correctly 1
No response or wrong response 0

13 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Johor Julang – Set 2017

Measuring using numbers / Mengukur menggunakan nombor


1 Rubric Score
(a) [Able to measure the diameter of dents correctly and accurately with unit] 3
[Berupaya mengukur diameter lekuk dengan betul dan jitu dengan unit]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Brass : 1.20 cm, 1.00 cm, 1.20 cm
Copper : 1.35 cm, 1.60 cm. 1.50 cm

[Able to measure the diameter of dents without 2 decimal places and unit] 2
[Berupaya mengukur diameter lekuk tanpa dua titik perpuluhan atau unit]
[Able to state four diameters of dents without 2 decimal places and unit] 1
[Berupaya menyatakan empat diameter lekuk dengan betul]
[No response or wrong response] 0
[Tiada jawapan atau jawapan salah]

Communicate / Berkomunikasi
1 Rubric Score
(b) [Able to construct the table to record the diameters and average diameter 3
of dents on brass and copper block with correct:
1. Titles and units
2. Reading]
[Berupaya membina jadual untuk menrekodkan diameter dan diameter
purata blok loyang dan kuprum dengan betul:
1. Tajuk dan unit
2. Bacaan]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Type of block Diameter of dents (cm) Average diameter of dents
Jenis blok Diameter lekuk (cm) (cm)
I II III Purata diameter lekuk (cm)
Brass 1.20 1.00 1.20 1.13
Loyang
Copper 1.35 1.50 1.60 1.48
Kuprum
|
[Able to construct a less accurate the table that contain the following : 2
1. Titles without unit
2. Reading]
[Berupaya membina jadual kurang tepat yang mengandungi yang berikut :
1. Tajuk tanpa unit
2. Bacaan]

[Able to construct the idea of tabulation of data] 1


[berupaya membina idea penjadualan data]
[No response or wrong response] 0
[Tiada jawapan atau jawapan salah]

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Observe / Memerhati
1 Rubric Score
(c)(i) [Able to state the observation correctly - Must have comparison] 3
[Berupaya menyatakan pemerhatiaan dengan betul – dalam bentuk
perbandingan]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


The average diameter of dents on brass block is 1.13 cm and the
average diameter of dents on copper block is 1.48 cm //
The size / diameter of dents on brass block is smaller than the size /
diameter of dents on copper block //
Diameter purata lekuk pada blok loyang adalah 1.13 cm dan diameter
purata lekuk pada blok kuprum adalah 1.48 cm //
Saiz / diameter lekuk pada blok loyang lebih kecil daripada saiz /
diameter pada blok kuprum //
[Able to state the incomplete observation] 2
[Berupaya menyatakan pemerhatian yang tidak lengkap]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


The size / diameter of dents on copper block is bigger //
The size / diameter of dents on brass block is smaller
Saiz / diameter lekuk pada blok kuprum lebih besar //
Saiz / diameter lekuk pada blok loyang lebih kecil
[Able to state the idea of observation] 1
[Berupaya menyatakan idea bagi pemerhatian]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


The size / diameter of dents on copper block is big //
The size / diameter of dents on brass block is small
Saiz / diameter lekuk pada blok kuprum besar //
Saiz / diameter lekuk pada blok loyang kecil
[No response or wrong response] 0
[Tiada jawapan atau jawapan salah]
Making inference / membuat inferens
1 Rubric Score
(c)(ii) [Able to state the inference correctly] 3
[Berupaya menyatakan inferens dengan betul]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Brass is harder than copper // Copper is less harder than brass
Loyang lebih keras daripada kuprum // Kuprum kurang keras daripada
loyang
[Able to state the incomplete inference ] 2
[Berupaya menyatakan inferens kurang lengkap]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Brass is harder // Copper is less harder.
Loyang lebih keras // Kuprum kurang keras.
[Able to state the idea of inference ] 1
[Berupaya menyatakan idea bagi inferens]
Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:
Brass is hard // Copper is soft.
Loyang keras // Kuprum lembut.
[No response or wrong response] 0
[Tiada jawapan atau jawapan salah]

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Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Interpret data / Mentafsir data


1 Rubric Score
(c)(iii) [Able to explain the arrangement of particles in the materials correctly] 3
[Berupaya menerangkan susunan zarah dalam bahan dengan betul]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Brass / Loyang Copper / Kuprum
1. Atomic size of zinc / foreign 1. Atomic size of copper atoms
atoms and copper are are same.
different. Saiz atom-atom kuprum
Saiz atom zink / atom asing adalah sama
dan kuprum adalah berbeza
2. The presence of zinc / foreign 2. Atoms are in closely pack in
atoms in brass disrupts the orderly manner in layers
orderly arrangement of Atom-atom disusun dengan
copper atoms. kemas dan rapi dalam
Kehadiran atom zink / atom lapisan
asing mengganggu susunan
kemas dan rapi atom-atom
kuprum.
3. Layers of atom more difficult 3. Layer of atoms easily sliding
to slide each another when when force is applied
force is applied. Lapisan-lapisan atom mudah
Lapisan-lapisan atom lebih menggelongsor apabila daya
sukar menggelongsor antara dikenakan
satu sama lain apabila daya
dikenakan
|
[Able to state at least two point completely or three points without the 2
name of atoms]
[Berupaya menyatakan sekurang-kurangnya dua isi lengkap atau 3 isi
tanpa nama atom]
[Able to state at least one point completely] 1
[Berupaya menyatakan sekurang-kurangnya satu isi lengkap]
[No response or wrong response] 0
[Tiada jawapan atau jawapan salah]

16 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Manipulate variables / memanipulasi pembolehubah


1 Rubric Score
(d) [Able to state all the variable and action to be taken correctly] 6
[Berupaya menyatakan semua pembolehubah dan tindakan yang perlu
diambil dengan betul]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Variables Action to be taken
Pembolehubah Tindakan yang diambil
Manipulated variable : The way to manipulate variable :
Pembolehubah dimanipulasi : Cara memanipulasikan pembolehubah :

Type of block // Replace brass block with copper block


Brass block and copper block Menggantikan blok loyang dengan blok
Jenis blok // kuprum
Blok loyang dan blok kuprum
Responding variable : What to observe in the responding
Pembolehubah bergerakbalas: variable:
Apa yang diperhatikan pada
Diameter of dents // pembolehubah bergerakbalas:
Hardness
Diameter lekuk // The measurement of diameter of dents
Kekerasan Pengukuran diameter lekuk
Controlled variable : How to maintain the controlled
Pembolehubah ditetapkan : variable :
Cara untuk mengekalkan
pembolehubah ditetapkan:
Height of weight //
Mass of weight // Using the same height of weight//
Size of stainless steel ball Using the same mass of weight //
bearing Using the same size of stainless steel
ketinggian pemberat // ball bearing
Jisim pemberat // Gunakan tinggi pemberat yang sama
Saiz bebola keluli nirkarat //Gunakan jisim pemberat yang sama
//Gunakan saiz bebola keluli nirkarat
yang sama
|

[Able to state all three variables and at least two corresponding action to 5
be taken correctly]
[Berupaya menyatakan semua tiga pembolehubah dan sekurang-
kurangnya dua tindakan yang perlu diambil pada pembolehubah yang
berkaitan dengan betul]

[Able to state at least two variables and at least two corresponding action 4
to be taken correctly]
[Berupaya menyatakan sekurang-kurangnya dua pembolehubah dan
sekurang-kurangnya dua tindakan yang perlu diambil pada pembolehubah
yang berkaitan dengan betul]

[Able to state at least two variables and at least one corresponding action 3
to be taken correctly]
[Berupaya menyatakan sekurang-kurangnya dua pembolehubah dan
sekurang-nurangnya satu tindakan yang perlu diambil pada pembolehubah
yang berkaitan dengan betul]

17 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

[Able to state at least one variables and at least one corresponding action 2
to be taken correctly]
[Berupaya menyatakan sekurang-kurangnya satu pembolehubah dan
sekurang-kurangnya satu tindakan yang perlu diambil pada pembolehubah
yang berkaitan dengan betul]
[Able to state at least one variables correctly] 1
[Berupaya menyatakan sekurang-kurangnya satu pembolehubah dengan
betul]
[No response or wrong response] 0
[Tiada jawapan atau jawapan salah]

Making hypothesis / membuat hipotesis


1 Rubric Score
(e) [Able to state the hypothesis correctly] 3
[Berupaya menyatakan hipotesis dengan betul]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Brass block has a smaller size / diameter of dents than copper block
Brass is harder than copper //
Blok loyang mempunyai saiz / diameter lekuk yang lebih kecil daripada
blok kuprum.
Loyang lebih keras daripada kuprum

[Able to state the hypothesis less correctly] 2


[Berupaya menyatakan hipotesis kurang tepat]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Brass is harder //
Copper is less harder
Loyang lebih keras
Kuprum kurang keras

[Able to state the idea of hypothesis] 1


[Berupaya menyatakan idea hipotesis]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:

Brass is hard //
Copper is soft
Loyang keras //
Kuprum lembut

[No response or wrong response] 0


[Tiada jawapan atau jawapan salah]

18 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Operational definition / Mendefinisi secara operasi


1 Rubric Score
(f) [Able to state the operational definition correctly] 3
[Berupaya menyatakan mendefinisi secara operasi dengan betul]

What should be done: Drop 1.0 kg weight from 0.5 meter height on the
material block.
What should be observed: Dents formed on the material block.
Apa yang perlu dibuat : Jatuhkan pemberat 1.0 kg dari ketinggian 0.5 meter
di atas blok bahan.
Apa yang diperhatikan : Lekuk terbentuk di atas blok bahan

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:

Smaller dents formed when 1.0 kg weight dropped from 0.5 meter height
on the block.
Lekuk yang lebih kecil terbentuk apabila pemberat 1.0 kg dijatuhkan dari
ketinggian 0.5 meter di atas blok bahan.

[Able to state the operational definition correctly] 2


[Berupaya menyatakan mendefinisi secara operasi dengan betul]

What should be done : Drop weight on the material block.


What should be observed : Dents formed.
Apa yang perlu dibuat : Jatuhkan pemberat di atas blok bahan.
Apa yang diperhatikan : Lekuk terbentuk

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:

A small dents formed when weight dropped on the block.


Lekuk yang kecil terbentuk apabila pemberat dijatuhkan di atas blok
bahan.

[Able to state the idea of operational definition] 1


[Berupaya menyatakan idea bagi mendefinisi secara operasi]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:

The harder the material produce a smaller dent


Bahan yang lebih keras menghasilkan lekuk yang lebih kecil

[No response or wrong response] 0


[Tiada jawapan atau jawapan salah]

19 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Predict / meramal
1 Rubric Score
(g) [Able to predict the diameter of dent correctly] 3
[Berupaya meramalkan diameter lekuk dengan betul]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:

Diameter / size of dents on copper more than 1.60 cm


Diameter /saiz lekuk pada blok kuprum lebih besar daripada 1.60 cm
[Able to predict less correctly] 2
[Berupaya meramal dengaa kurang tepat]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Diameter become larger / bigger / increase
Diameter semakin besar / meningkat

[Able to state the idea of prediction] 1


[Berupaya menyatakan idea meramal]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Change
Berubah
[No response or wrong response] 0
[Tiada jawapan atau jawapan salah]

Clasify/mengelas
1 Rubric Score
(h) [Able to classify all materials correctly] 3
[Berupaya mengelaskan semua bahan dengan betul]

Sample answer / Contoh jawapan:


Alloy / Aloi Pure metal / Logam tulen
Stainless steel Iron
Keluli nirkarat Besi
Bronze Aluminium
Gangsa Aluminium
Duralumin Chromium
Duralumin Kromium
# if reverse, score 1
Jika terbalik, skor 1

[Able to classify at least four materials correctly] 2


[Berupaya mengelaskan sekurang-kurangnya empat bahan dengan tepat]

[Able to classify at least two materials correctly] 1


[Berupaya mengelaskan sekurang-kurangnya dua bahan dengan tepat]

[No response or wrong response] 0


[Tiada jawapan atau jawapan salah]

20 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Esei

Kelantan-2017

(a) [Dapat menyatakan pernyataan masalah dengan betul.] 3


Sampel jawapan:

Adakah kepekatan elektrolit mempengaruhi hasil elektrolisis di anod?

[Dapat menyatakan pernyataan masalah dengan kurang tepat] 2


Sampel jawapan:
Adakah kepekatan elektrolit mempengaruhi hasil elektrolisis?

[Dapat memberi idea bagi pernyataan masalah.] Sampel jawapan: 1


Kepekatan elektrolit mempengaruhi hasil elektrolisis
0

Rubriks
(b) [dapat menyatakan hubungan di antara pemboleh ubah dimanipulasi dan 3
pemboleh ubah bergerak balas dan mempunyai arah]
Sampel jawapan:
Jika larutan natrium klorida pekat digunakan hasil di anod ialah gas
klorin. Jika larutan natrium klorida cair digunakan hasil di anod ialah
gas oksigen.

[dapat menyatakan hubungan di antara pemboleh ubah dimanipulasi dan 2


pemboleh ubah bergerak balas]
Sampel jawapan:
Jika larutan natrium klorida pekat digunakan hasil di anod ialah gas
klorin // Jika larutan natrium klorida cair digunakan hasil di anod
ialah gas oksigen.

[Dapat menyatakan idea bagi hipotesis] 1


Sampel jawapan:
Kepekatan elektrolit mempengaruhi hasil di anod

Tiada respons atau respons salah 0

(c) [Dapat menyatakan dua pemboleh ubah dengan betul] 3

Sampel jawapan
Pemboleh ubah dimanipulasi: Kepekatan elektrolit
Pemboleh ubah bergerak balas: Hasil di anod
Pemboleh ubah dimalarkan : Jenis elektrod
[Dapat menyatakan dua pemboleh ubah dengan betul] 2
[dapat menyatakan satu pemboleh ubah dengan betul] 1
[tiada respons atau respons salah] 0

21 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Rubriks
(d) [Dapat menyenaraikan bahan dan radas dengan lengkap] 3
Sampel jawapan:
Bahan: Larutan natrium klorida 0.001moldm-3 , larutan natrium klorida
1.0 moldm-3

Radas
Elektrod karbon, sel elektrolisis, elektrod karbon, wayar penyambung
dan klip buaya, sel kering, tabung uji

[Dapat menyenaraikan bahan dan radas dengan kurang lengkap] 2


Sampel jawapan:
Bahan: Larutan natrium klorida

Radas
Elektrod karbon, sel elektrolisis, elektrod karbon, wayar penyambung
dan klip buaya, sel kering, tabung uji kecil

[Dapat menyenaraikan bahan dan radas dengan tidak lengkap] 1

Sampel jawapan:
Bahan: Larutan natrium klorida

Radas
elektrod karbon, bikar, wayar penyambung dan klip buaya, sel kering,

[Tiada respons atau respons salah] 0

Rubriks
(e) [dapat menyenaraikan semua langkah dengan betul] 3

Prosedur/kaedah
1. Masukkan larutan natrium klorida 0.001 moldm-3 ke dalam sel
elektrolisis sehingga separuh penuh.
2. Masukkan larutan natrium klorida 0.001 moldm-3 ke dalam 2
tabung uji kecil sehingga penuh.
3. Telangkupkan tabung uji yang berisi larutan kepada keduadua
elektrod
4. Sambungkan kedua-dua elektrod kepada sel kering dengan
wayar penyambung dan klip buaya.
5. Pemerhatian direkodkan.
6. Langkah 1 hingga 4 diulang dengan menggunakan larutan
natrium klorida 1.0 moldm-3 .
[dapat menyenaraikan langkah-langkah 1, 4, 5 dan 6 ] 2
[dapat menyenaraikan langkah-langkah 1, 4 dan 5] 1
[tiada respons atau respons salah] 0

22 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

2(f) [dapat membina jadual dengan aspek berikut] 2

Kepekatan elektrolit Pemerhatian di anod


(moldm-3)
0.001
1.0
|

[dapat membina jadual dengan tidak lengkap] 1

Kepekatan elektrolit Pemerhatian di anod


0.001
1.0
|
[tiada respons atau respons salah atau jadual kosong] 0

23 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Kedah 2017

24 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

25 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

26 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

27 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

JUJ-2017

Rubric
Able to give the problem statement correctly Sample answer:
How does the effectiveness of cleansing action of two different types of
cleansing agent in hard water? 3
// What is the difference in effectiveness of cleansing action in hard water
using soap and detergent?
Able to give the problem statement less correctly
Sample answer:
(a) How does different type of cleansing agent affect the effectiveness of
cleansing action in hard water? 2
// To investigate the effectiveness of different type of cleansing agent in
hard water.
Able to give an idea of statement of the problem Sample answer:
To study the effectiveness of cleansing action in hard water 1

No response or wrong response 0

Rubric
Able to state all variables correctly

Sample answer:
(b) Manipulated variable :Types of cleansing agent//soap and detergent 3
Responding variable : Effectiveness of cleansing agent//ability
to remove the oily stains on cloth Constant variable :
Hard water//Cloth with oily stains//Sizeof cloth
Able to state any two variables correctly 2
Able to state any one variable correctly 1
No response or wrong response 0

Rubric
Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and the
responding variable correctly

Sample answer:
Detergent is more effective than soap in hard water.
3
// Detergent in hard water can remove the oily stains on cloth while soap
cannot.
Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and the
responding variable incorrectly

Sample answer:
(c) Detergent is more effective // Soap is less effective 2
// Detergent in hard water can remove the oily stains on cloth
//soap cannot remove stain on cloth.
Able to state an idea of hypothesis 1
No response or wrong response 0

28 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Rubric
Able to give the completely list of the apparatus and materials Answer:
Apparatus:
Beakers, measuring cylinder, glass rod
3
Material:
Soap, detergent, [cleansing agent X dan cleansing agent Y], 0.5 - 1 mol dm- magnesium
sulphate solution/[sea water/hard water], 2 pieces of cloth with oily stains.
(d) Able to give the list of the apparatus and materials correctly but not completely

2
Answer:
Apparatus: Any containers, glass rod

Material: Cleansing agent, cloth with oily stains.


Able to give two materials and at least one apparatus
Answer : 1
Material:
Soap solution / detergent, hard water [any container]
No response or wrong response 0

Rubric e
Able to state all procedures correctly

Sample answer :

1. Label 2 beakers as A and B respectively


2. Fill all the beakers with [50 - 100 cm3 ]of hard water / magnesium sulphate solution
3. Add cleansing agent X/detergent in beaker A and cleansing agent Y/soap in bikar B.
(e) 4. Place a piece of cloth with oily stain into each beaker
5. Stir the solution in each beaker using glass rod until no change can be observed
6. Wash the oily stain on each piece of cloth using the solution in each beaker
7. Record the observation.

Able to state three steps of procedures correctly Steps 2, 3, 5, 6, 2

Able to state two steps of procedures correctly Steps 2, 3, 6 1


No response or wrong response 0

29 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

30 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Johor 2015

Explanation
(a) [Able to state the problem statement correctly]:

Suggested answer: 3
Which metals are harder, alloys or pure copper?

[Able to state the problem statement less correctly]

Suggested answer: 2
Are alloys are harder than pure metals?

[Able to state the problem statement less correctly]

Suggested answer: 1
Which metals are harder?

[No response given or wrong response] 0

Explanation
(b) [Able to state thevariables correctly]:

Suggested answer:
(a) Manipulated variable : Type of metals block 3
(b) Responding variable : Hardness of metals
(c) Fixed variable : Size of steel ball bearing /Height of weight

[Able to state thevariables less correctly]


2
Suggested answer:
One mistake
[Able to state i thevariables less correctly]
1
Suggested answer:
Two mistakes
[No response given or wrong response] 0

Explanation
(c) [Able to state thehypothesis correctly]:
3
Suggested answer:
Alloy is harder than pure metals / Pure metals are harder than alloy
[Able to state thehypothesis less correctly]
2
Suggested answer:
Alloy is harder
[Able to statethehypothesis less correctly]
1
Suggested answer:
Alloy produce smaller dent
[No response given or wrong response] 0

31 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com
Bahan Kimia SPM 2017 – Kertas 3 | Cikgu Adura

Explanation
(d) [Able to list the apparatus and materials correctly]:

Suggested answer:
Apparatus : 1 kg of weight, thread, cellophane tape, retort stand, 1 meter of 3
ruler, ruler
Materials : steel ball bearing, copper block, bronze block

[Able to list the apparatus and materials less correctly]


2
Suggested answer: One mistake
[Able to list the apparatus and materials less correctly]
1
Suggested answer: Two mistakes
[No response given or wrong response]
0
Suggested answer: More than three mistakes

Explanation
(e) [Able to state theprocedure correctly]:

Suggested answer:
1. Put a steel ball to an alloy block using cellophane tape.
2. Hang 1 kg weight at a height of 50 cm from the top of the alloy block.
3. Put a bronze block under the weight.
3
4. Release the weight so that it falls on the steel ball bearing.
5. Measure the diameter of the dent formed on top of the alloy block using
meterruler.
6. Record the diameter reading in the table.
7. Repeat the steps 1 to 5 using pure metal block.

[Able to state theprocedure less correctly]


2
Suggested answer: One mistake in procedure
[Able to statetheprocedure less correctly]
1
Suggested answer: Two mistakes in procedure
[No response given or wrong response]
0
Suggested answer: More than three mistakes in procedure

Explanation
(f) [Able to draw the table correctly]:

Suggested answer:
Type of block Diameter of dent / cm 2
Bronze
Pure copper
|
[Able to draw the table less correctly]
Suggested answer:
One mistake in table such as
1
1. Table not properly drawn
2. No unit
3. No type of block mention
[No response given or wrong response] 0

32 21Nov2017 | cikguadura.wordpress.com