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Vectors 9

8. The vector that must be added to the vector


ˆ ˆ and 3ˆ
i  3ˆj  2k ˆ so that the
i  6ˆj  7k
resultant vector is a unit vector along the y-axis is
(a) 4ˆ ˆ
i  2ˆj  5k (b)  4ˆ ˆ
i  2ˆj  5k
(c) 3ˆ ˆ
i  4ˆj  5k (d) Null vector
Fundamentals of Vectors 9. How many minimum number of coplanar vectors
1. The vector projection of a vector 3ˆ ˆ on y-
i  4k having different magnitudes can be added to give
axis is zero resultant
[RPMT 2004] (a) 2 (b) 3
(a) 5 (b) 4 (c) 4 (d) 5
(c) 3 (d) Zero 10. A hall has the dimensions 10m 12m 14m. A
2. Position of a particle in a rectangular-co-ordinate fly starting at one corner ends up at a
system is (3, 2, 5). Then its position vector will be diametrically opposite corner. What is the
(a) 3ˆ ˆ
i  5ˆj  2k (b) 3ˆ ˆ
i  2ˆj  5k magnitude of its displacement
(c) 5ˆ ˆ
i  3ˆj  2k (d) None of these (a) 17 m (b) 26 m
3. If a particle moves from point P (2,3,5) to point Q (c) 36 m (d) 20 m
(3,4,5). Its displacement vector be 11. 100 coplanar forces each equal to 10 N act on a
(a) ˆi ˆ j  10k ˆ (b) ˆ ˆ
i  ˆj  5k body. Each force makes angle  / 50 with the
preceding force. What is the resultant of the forces
(c) ˆ
i  ˆj (d) 2ˆ ˆ
i  4ˆj  6k
(a) 1000 N (b) 500 N
4. A force of 5 N acts on a particle along a direction
making an angle of 60° with vertical. Its vertical (c) 250 N (d) Zero
component be 12. The magnitude of a given vector with end points
(a) 10 N (b) 3 N (4, – 4, 0) and (– 2, – 2, 0) must be
(c) 4 N (d) 2.5 N (a) 6 (b) 5 2
5. If A  3i  4 j and B  7ˆ
ˆ ˆ i  24ˆ j, the vector
(c) 4 (d) 2 10
having the same magnitude as B and parallel to A
is  1 ˆ 1 ˆ
13. The expression  i j  is a
(a) 5ˆi  20ˆ j (b) 15 ˆ
i  10ˆ j  2 2 
(c) 20ˆ
i  15ˆ
j (d) 15ˆ
i  20ˆ
j (a) Unit vector (b) Null vector
6. Vector A makes equal angles with x, y and z axis. (c) Vector of magnitude 2 (d)
Value of its components (in terms of magnitude of Scalar
A ) will be
14. Given vector A  2ˆ
i  3ˆ
j, the angle between A
A A and y-axis is
(a) (b)
3 2 [CPMT 1993]

3 (a) tan 1 (b) tan 1


(c) 3A (d) 3/ 2 2/ 3
A
(c) sin1 2 / 3 (d) cos1 2 / 3
7. If A  2ˆ
i  4ˆ ˆ the direction of cosines of the
j  5k
15. The unit vector along ˆ
iˆ
j is
vector A are
2 4 5 (a) k̂ (b) ˆ
iˆ
j
(a) , and (b)
45 45 45 ˆ
i  ˆj ˆi  ˆj
(c) (d)
1 2 3 2 2
, and
45 45 45 16. A vector is represented by 3ˆ
i ˆ ˆ . Its length
j  2k
4 4 in XY plane is [EAMCET (Engg.)
(c) , 0 and (d) 1994]
45 45
(a) 2 (b) 14
3 2 5
, and
45 45 45 (c) 10 (d) 5
10 Vectors
17. Five equal forces of 10 N each are applied at one 26. A boy walks uniformally along the sides of a
point and all are lying in one plane. If the angles rectangular park of size 400 m× 300 m, starting
between them are equal, the resultant force will from one corner to the other corner diagonally
be [CBSE PMT 1995] opposite. Which of the following statement is
(a) Zero (b) 10 N incorrect [HP PMT 1999]

(c) 20 N (d) 10 2N (a) He has travelled a distance of 700 m


(b) His displacement is 700 m
18. The angle made by the vector A  ˆ
i  ˆj with x-
(c) His displacement is 500 m
axis is
(d) His velocity is not uniform throughout the walk
[EAMCET (Engg.) 1999]
(a) 90° (b) 45° 27. The unit vector parallel to the resultant of the
 
vectors A  4ˆ ˆ and B  ˆ
i  3ˆj  6k i  3ˆ ˆ
j  8k
(c) 22.5° (d) 30°
is [EAMCET 2000]
19. Any vector in an arbitrary direction can always be
replaced by two (or three) 1 ˆ ˆ) 1 ˆ ˆ)
(a) (3i  6ˆj  2k (b) (3i  6ˆj  2k
(a) Parallel vectors which have the original vector 7 7
as their resultant
1 ˆ ˆ) 1 ˆ ˆ)
(b) Mutually perpendicular vectors which have (c) (3i  6ˆj  2k (d) (3i  6ˆj  2k
the original vector as their resultant
49 49
28. Surface area is [J&K CET 2002]
(c) Arbitrary vectors which have the original (a) Scalar (b) Vector
vector as their resultant
(d) It is not possible to resolve a vector (c) Neither scalar nor vector (d) Both scalar and
vector
20. Angular momentum is [MNR 1986]
(a) A scalar (b) A polar vector 29. With respect to a rectangular cartesian coordinate
system, three vectors are expressed as
(c) An axial vector (d) None of these
  
21. Which of the following is a vector a  4ˆ
i ˆ
j , b  3ˆ
i  2ˆ
j and ˆ
c  k
(a) Pressure (b) Surface tension
where ˆ
i, ˆ ˆ are unit vectors, along the X, Y and
j, k
(c) Moment of inertia (d) None of these
  Z-axis respectively. The unit vectors r̂ along the
22. If P  Q then which of the following is NOT
correct direction of sum of these vector is [Kerala CET
  (Engg.) 2003]
(a) P ˆ
ˆ Q (b) | P| | Q|
  1 ˆ ˆ ˆ 1 ˆ ˆ ˆ
ˆ  QP
(c) PQ ˆ ˆ
ˆQ
(d) P  Q  P ˆ
(a) r (i  j  k) ˆ
(b) r (i  j  k)
3 2
23. The position vector of a particle is
 ˆ ˆ 1ˆ ˆ ˆ 1 ˆ ˆ ˆ
r  (a cost)i  (a sint) j . The velocity of the ˆ
(c) r (i  j  k) (d) ˆ
r (i  j  k)
particle is [CBSE PMT 1995] 3 2
(a) Parallel to the position vector 30. The angle between the two vectors
(b) Perpendicular to the position vector  
A  3ˆ ˆ and B  3ˆ
i  4ˆj  5k ˆ is
i  4ˆj  5k
(c) Directed towards the origin [DPMT 2000]
(d) Directed away from the origin
(a) 60° (b) Zero
24. Which of the following is a scalar quantity [AFMC
1998] (c) 90° (d) None of these
(a) Displacement (b) Electric field 31. The position vector of a particle is determined by
(c) Acceleration (d) Work  ˆ
the expression r  3t2ˆ
i  4t2ˆ
j  7k
25. If a unit vector is represented by
0.5ˆ
i  0.8ˆ ˆ , then the value of ‘c’ is
j  ck [CBSE The distance traversed in first 10 sec is [DPMT
2002]
PMT 1999; EAMCET 1994]

(a) 1 (b) 0.11 (a) 500 m (b) 300 m

(c) 0.01 (d) 0.39 (c) 150 m (d) 100 m


Vectors 11
32. Unit vector parallel to the resultant of vectors (c) 4ˆ
i  5ˆ ˆ
j  20k (d) 5ˆ
i  4ˆ ˆ
j  10k
 
A  4ˆ
i  3ˆ
j and B  8ˆ
i  8ˆ
j will be [BHU 1995] 6. An object of m kg with speed of v m/s strikes a
wall at an angle  and rebounds at the same speed
24ˆ
i  5ˆ
j 12ˆ
i  5ˆ
j and same angle. The magnitude of the change in
(a) (b)
13 13 momentum of the object will be
(a) 2mv cos

i  5ˆj
(c) (d) None of these (b) 2 mv sin
13 
v1   
v2
(c) 0
33. The component of vector A  2ˆ
i  3ˆ
j along the (d) 2 mv
vector ˆ
i ˆ
j is [KCET 1997] 7. Two forces, each of magnitude F have a resultant
of the same magnitude F. The angle between the
5 two forces is
(a) (b) 10 2
2 [CBSE PMT 1990]
(a) 45° (b) 120°
(c) 5 2 (d) 5
(c) 150° (d) 60°
34. The angle between the two vectors 8. For the resultant of the two vectors to be
  maximum, what must be the angle between them
A  3ˆ ˆ and B  3ˆ
i  4ˆj  5k i  4ˆ ˆ will be
j  5k
[Pb. CET 2001] (a) 0° (b) 60°
(c) 90° (d) 180°
(a) 90° (b) 0°
9. A particle is simultaneously acted by two forces
(c) 60° (d) 45° equal to 4 N and 3 N. The net force on the particle
is [CPMT 1979]
Addition and Subtraction of Vectors (a) 7 N (b) 5 N

1. There are two force vectors, one of 5 N and other (c) 1 N (d) Between 1 N and 7
of 12 N at what angle the two vectors be added to N
get resultant vector of 17 N, 7 N and 13 N 10. Two vectors A and B lie in a plane, another
respectively vector C lies outside this plane, then the
(a) 0°, 180° and 90° (b) 0°, 90° and 180° resultant of these three vectors i.e., A  B  C
(c) 0°, 90° and 90° (d) 180°, 0° and 90° [CPMT 1983]
2. If A  4ˆ
i  3ˆ
j and B  6ˆ
i  8ˆ
j then magnitude (a) Can be zero
(b) Cannot be zero
and direction of A B will be
(c) Lies in the plane containing A  B
1
(a) 5, tan (3 / 4) (b) 5 5, tan1 (1 / 2) 
(d) Lies in the plane containing C
(c) 10, tan1 (5) (d) 25, tan1 (3 / 4) 11. If the resultant of the two forces has a magnitude
smaller than the magnitude of larger force, the
3. A truck travelling due north at 20 m/s turns west
two forces must be
and travels at the same speed. The change in its
velocity be (a) Different both in magnitude and direction
(b) Mutually perpendicular to one another
[UPSEAT 1999]
(c) Possess extremely small magnitude
(a) 40 m/s N–W (b) 20 2 m/s N–W
(d) Point in opposite directions
(c) 40 m/s S–W (d) 20 2 m/s S–W 12. Forces F1 and F2 act on a point mass in two
4. If the sum of two unit vectors is a unit vector, then mutually perpendicular directions. The resultant
magnitude of difference is [CPMT 1995; CBSE force on the point mass will be
PMT 1989] [CPMT 1991]
(a) 2 (b) 3 (a) F1  F2 (b) F1  F2
(c) 1 / 2 (d) 5 (c) F12  F22 (d) F12  F22
A  2ˆ
i ˆ
j, B  3ˆ ˆ and ˆ.
5. jk C  6ˆ
i  2k 13. If | A  B | | A | | B |, the angle between A
Value of A  2B  3C would be and B is
(a) 20ˆ
i  5ˆ ˆ
j  4k (b) 20ˆ
i  5ˆ ˆ
j  4k (a) 60° (b) 0°
(c) 120° (d) 90°
12 Vectors
14. Let the angle between two nonzero vectors A (c) A 2  B 2  2AB sin (d)
and B be 120° and resultant be C
A 2  B 2  2AB sin
(a) C must be equal to | A  B|
22. Following sets of three forces act on a body. Whose
(b) C must be less than | A  B| resultant cannot be zero [CPMT 1985]
(c) C must be greater than | A  B| (a) 10, 10, 10 (b) 10, 10, 20
(d) C may be equal to | A  B| (c) 10, 20, 23 (d) 10, 20, 40
15. The magnitude of vector A, B and are 23. When three forces of 50 N, 30 N and 15 N act on a
C
body, then the body is
respectively 12, 5 and 13 units and A  B  C
(a) At rest
then the angle between A and B is
(b) Moving with a uniform velocity
[CPMT 1997]
(c) In equilibrium
(a) 0 (b) 
(d) Moving with an acceleration
(c)  / 2 (d)  / 4
24. The sum of two forces acting at a point is 16 N. If
16. Magnitude of vector which comes on addition of the resultant force is 8 N and its direction is
two vectors, 6ˆ
i  7ˆ
j and 3ˆ
i  4ˆ
j is perpendicular to minimum force then the forces
[BHU 2000] are [CPMT 1997]
(a) 136 (b) 13.2 (a) 6 N and 10 N (b) 8 N and 8 N
(c) 202 (d) 160 (c) 4 N and 12 N (d) 2 N and 14 N
17. A particle has displacement of 12 m towards east 25. If vectors P, Q and R have magnitude 5, 12 and 13
and 5 m towards north then 6 m vertically upward. units and P  Q  R, the angle between Q and R
The sum of these displacements is is [CEET 1998]
[AIIMS 1998]
1 5 1 5
(a) 12 (b) 10.04 m (a) cos (b) cos
(c) 14.31 m (d) None of these 12 13
18. The three vectors 1 12 1 7
(c) cos (d) cos
A  3ˆ
i  2ˆ ˆ, B  ˆ
jk i  3ˆ ˆ
j  5k and 13 13
C  2ˆ
i ˆ ˆ form
j  4k 26. The resultant of two vectors A and B is
(a) An equilateral triangle (b) perpendicular to the vector A and its magnitude is
Isosceles triangle equal to half the magnitude of vector B. The angle
between A and B is
(c) A right angled triangle (d)
No triangle (a) 120° (b) 150°
19. For the figure (c) 135° (d) None of these
(a) A  B  C 27. What vector must be added to the two vectors
ˆ
i  2ˆ ˆ and 2ˆ
j  2k i ˆ ˆ, so that the resultant
jk
(b) B  C  A
may be a unit vector along x-axis
(c) C  A  B [BHU 1990]
(d) A  B  C  0 (a) 2ˆ ˆ
i  ˆj  k (b)  2ˆ
i ˆ ˆ
jk
20. Let C  A  B then (c) 2ˆ ˆ
i  ˆj  k (d)  2ˆ
i ˆ ˆ
jk
(a) | C | is always greater then | A | 28. What is the angle between P and the resultant
(b) It is possible to have | C | | A | and of (P  Q) and (P  Q)
| C | | B |
(a) Zero (b) tan1(P / Q)
(c) C is always equal to A + B
(c) tan1(Q / P ) (d)
(d) C is never equal to A + B
1
21. The value of the sum of two vectors A and B tan (P  Q) /(P  Q)
with  as the angle between them is 29. The resultant of P and Q is perpendicular to
[BHU 1996] P . What is the angle between P and Q
(a) A 2  B 2  2AB cos (b) (a) cos1(P / Q) (b) cos1( P / Q)
A 2  B 2  2AB cos (c) sin1 (P / Q) (d) sin1 ( P / Q)
Vectors 13
  
30. Maximum and minimum magnitudes of the 38. The magnitudes of vectors A, B and C are 3, 4
resultant of two vectors of magnitudes P and Q are   
and 5 units respectively. If A  B  C , the angle
in the ratio 3 : 1. Which of the following relations  
between A and B is
is true
[CBSE PMT 1990]
(a) P  2Q (b) P  Q
(c) PQ  1 (d) None of these 
(a) (b) cos1(0.6)
31. The resultant of two vectors P and Q is R. If 2
Q is doubled, the new resultant is perpendicular 
1  7
to P. Then R equals (c) tan   (d)
 5 4
(a) P (b) (P+Q)
(c) Q (d) (P–Q) 39. While travelling from one station to another, a car
32. Two forces, F1 and F2 are acting on a body. travels 75 km North, 60 km North-east and 20 km
East. The minimum distance between the two
One force is double that of the other force and the
stations is [AFMC 1993]
resultant is equal to the greater force. Then the
angle between the two forces is (a) 72 km (b) 112 km
1
(a) cos (1 / 2) 1
(b) cos (1 / 2) (c) 132 km (d) 155 km

(c) cos1(1 / 4) (d) cos1(1 / 4) 40. A scooter going due east at 10 ms–1 turns right
through an angle of 90°. If the speed of the
33. Given that A  B  C and that C is  to A . scooter remains unchanged in taking turn, the
Further if | A | | C |, then what is the angle change is the velocity of the scooter is
between A and B [BHU 1994]

  (a) 20.0 ms–1 south eastern direction


(a) radian (b) radian
4 2 (b) Zero
3 (c) 10.0 ms–1 in southern direction
(c) radian (d)  radian
4 (d) 14.14 ms–1 in south-west direction
34. A body is at rest under the action of three forces,
  41. A person goes 10 km north and 20 km east. What
two of which are F1  4ˆ i , F2  6ˆ
j, the third will be displacement from initial point
force is [AMU 1996] [AFMC 1994, 2003]

(a) 4ˆ
i  6ˆ
j (b) 4ˆ
i  6ˆ
j (a) 22.36 km (b) 2 km

(c)  4ˆ
i  6ˆ
j (d)  4ˆ
i  6ˆ
j (c) 5 km (d) 20 km

35. A plane is revolving around the earth with a speed 42. Two forces F1  5ˆi  10ˆ ˆ and
j  20k
of 100 km/hr at a constant height from the surface 
F2  10ˆi  5ˆ ˆ act on a single point.
j  15k
of earth. The change in the velocity as it travels
half circle is  
The angle between F1 and F2 is nearly
[RPET 1998; KCET 2000]
(a) 200 km/hr (b) 150 km/hr [AMU 1995]

(c) 100 2 km/ hr (d) 0 (a) 30° (b) 45°


36. What displacement must be added to the (c) 60° (d) 90°
displacement 25ˆ
i  6ˆ
j m to give a 43. Which pair of the following forces will never give
displacement of 7.0 m pointing in the x- direction resultant force of 2 N [HP PMT 1999]
(a) 18ˆ
i  6ˆ
j (b) 32ˆ
i  13ˆ
j (a) 2 N and 2 N (b) 1 N and 1 N
(c)  18ˆ
i  6ˆ
j (d)  25ˆ
i  13ˆ
j (c) 1 N and 3 N (d) 1 N and 4 N
37. A body moves due East with velocity 20 km/hour 44. Two forces 3N and 2 N are at an angle  such that
and then due North with velocity 15 km/hour. The the resultant is R. The first force is now increased
resultant velocity to 6N and the resultant become 2R. The value of 
[AFMC 1995] is [HP PMT 2000]

(a) 5 km/hour (b) 15 km/hour (a) 30° (b) 60°

(c) 20 km/hour (d) 25 km/hour (c) 90° (d) 120°


14 Vectors
 
45. Three concurrent forces of the same magnitude 53. Two vectors A and B are such that
are in equilibrium. What is the angle between the    
A  B  A  B . Then
forces ? Also name the triangle formed by the
forces as sides [AMU (Med.) 2000]
   
[JIPMER 2000] (a) A. B  0 (b) A  B  0

(a) 60° equilateral triangle (c) A  0 (d) B  0
(b) 120° equilateral triangle
(c) 120°, 30°, 30° an isosceles triangle Multiplication of Vectors
(d) 120° an obtuse angled triangle 1. If a vector 2ˆ ˆ is perpendicular to the
i  3ˆj  8k
    
46. If | A  B| | A|  | B| , then angle between A vector 4ˆj  4ˆ ˆ . Then the value of
i  k  is

and B will be [CBSE PMT 2005]
[CBSE PMT 2001] 1
(a) –1 (b)
(a) 90° (b) 120° 2
(c) 0° (d) 60° 1
47. The maximum and minimum magnitude of the (c)  (d) 1
2
resultant of two given vectors are 17 units and 7
unit respectively. If these two vectors are at right 2. If two vectors 2ˆ ˆ and  4ˆ
i  3ˆj  k i  6ˆ ˆ
j  k
angles to each other, the magnitude of their are parallel to each other then value of  be
resultant is [Kerala CET (Engg.) 2000]
(a) 0 (b) 2
(a) 14 (b) 16
(c) 3 (d) 4
(c) 18 (d) 13
3. A body, acted upon by a force of 50 N is displaced
48. The vector sum of two forces is perpendicular to through a distance 10 meter in a direction making
their vector differences. In that case, the forces an angle of 60° with the force. The work done by
[CBSE PMT 2003]
the force be
(a) Are equal to each other in magnitude
(a) 200 J (b) 100 J
(b) Are not equal to each other in magnitude
(c) 300 (d) 250 J
(c) Cannot be predicted
4. A particle moves from position 3ˆ
i  2ˆ ˆ to
j  6k
(d) Are equal to each other
14ˆ
i  13ˆ ˆ
j  9k due to a uniform force of
49. y component of velocity is 20 and x component of
velocity is 10. The direction of motion of the body (4ˆ
i ˆ ˆ) N. If the displacement in meters
j  3k
with the horizontal at this instant is then work done will be
[Manipal 2003]
[CMEET 1995; Pb. PMT 2002, 03]
(a) tan1(2) (b) tan1(1 / 2)
(a) 100 J (b) 200 J
(c) 45° (d) 0° (c) 300 J (d) 250 J
50. Two forces of 12 N and 8 N act upon a body. The
5. If for two vector A and B , sum (A  B) is
resultant force on the body has maximum value of
[Manipal 2003] perpendicular to the difference (A  B) . The ratio
(a) 4 N (b) 0 N of their magnitude is
(c) 20 N (d) 8 N (a) 1 (b) 2
51. Two equal forces (P each) act at a point inclined to (c) 3 (d) None of these
each other at an angle of 120°. The magnitude of 6. The angle between the vectors A and B is  .
their resultant is [Karnataka CET
2004] The value of the triple product A .(B  A ) is
[CBSE PMT 1991, 2005]
(a) P / 2 (b) P / 4
(a) A 2 B (b) Zero
(c) P (d) 2P
52. The vectors 5i  8 j and 2i  7 j are added. The (c) A 2 B sin (d) A 2 B cos
magnitude of the sum of these vector is 7. If
   
A  B  B  A then the angle between A
[BHU 2000]
and B is
(a) 274 (b) 38
[AIEEE 2004]
(c) 238 (d) 560
Vectors 15
(a)  / 2 (b)  / 3 16. A force F  (5ˆ i  3ˆj) Newton is applied over a
(c)  (d)  / 4 particle which displaces it from its origin to the
ˆ point r  (2ˆi  1ˆj) metres. The work done on
8. If A  3ˆ ˆ
i  ˆj  2k and B  2ˆ
i  2ˆj  4k then
the particle is [MP PMT 1995]
value of | A  B | will be
(a) – 7 J (b) +13 J
(a) 8 2 (b) 8 3 (c) +7 J (d) +11 J
17. The angle between two vectors  2ˆ ˆ and
i  3ˆj  k
(c) 8 5 (d) 5 8
ˆ )N ˆ
i  2ˆ ˆ is
j  4k
9. The torque of the force F  (2ˆ
i  3ˆ
j  4k [EAMCET 1990]

ˆ) m about the (a) 0° (b) 90°


acting at the point r  (3ˆ
i  2ˆ
j  3k
(c) 180° (d) None of the above
origin be
[CBSE PMT 1995] 18. The angle between the vectors (ˆ i ˆ j) and

(a) 6ˆ
i  6ˆ ˆ
j  12k (b) (ˆ ˆ) is
jk
17ˆ
i  6ˆ ˆ
j  13k [EAMCET 1995]

(c)  6ˆ ˆ (d) (a) 30° (b) 45°


i  6ˆ
j  12k
ˆ (c) 60° (d) 90°
 17ˆ
i  6ˆ
j  13k
19. A particle moves with a velocity
10. If A  B  C, then which of the following ˆ m / s under

i  4ˆ
j  3k the influence of a
statements is wrong
constant force F  20ˆ
i  15ˆ ˆ N. The
j  5k
(a) C  A (b) CB
instantaneous power applied to the particle is
(c) C  (A  B) (d) C  (A  B)
[CBSE PMT 2000]
11. If a particle of mass m is moving with constant
velocity v parallel to x-axis in x-y plane as shown (a) 35 J/s (b) 45 J/s
in fig. Its angular momentum with respect to origin (c) 25 J/s (d) 195 J/s
at any time t will be 20. If then angle between P and Q is
P .Q  PQ,
ˆ
(a) mvbk ˆ
(b)  mvbk [AIIMS 1999]
(c) mvbˆ
i (d) mvˆ
i (a) 0° (b) 30°

ˆ (c) 45° (d) 60°


12. Consider two vectors F 1  2ˆi  5k and
21. A force F  5ˆ ˆ
i  6ˆj  4k acting on a body,
ˆ. The magnitude of the scalar
F 2  3ˆj  4k
produces a displacement S  6ˆ ˆ. Work done
i  5k
product of these vectors is
[MP PMT 1987] by the force is
(a) 20 (b) 23 [KCET 1999]

(c) 5 33 (d) 26 (a) 10 units (b) 18 units


(c) 11 units (d) 5 units
13. Consider a vector F  4ˆ
i  3ˆ
j. Another vector
that is perpendicular to F is 22. The angle between the two vectors A  5ˆ
i  5ˆj

(a) 4ˆ
i  3ˆ
j (b) 6î and B  5ˆ
i  5ˆ
j will be [CPMT 2000]

(c) 7k̂ (d) 3ˆ


i  4ˆ
j (a) Zero (b) 45°

14. Two vectors A and B are at right angles to (c) 90° (d) 180°
each other, when [AIIMS 1987] 23. The vector P  aˆ ˆ
i  aˆj  3k and
(a) A  B  0 (b) A  B  0 Q  aˆ
i  2ˆ ˆ are perpendicular to each other.
jk
(c) A B  0 (d) A. B  0 The positive value of a is
15. If | V1  V 2 | | V1  V 2 | and V2 is finite, then [AFMC 2000; AIIMS 2002]
[CPMT 1989] (a) 3 (b) 4
(a) V1 is parallel to V2 (c) 9 (d) 13
24. A body, constrained to move in the Y-direction is
(b) V 1  V 2
subjected to a force given by
(c) V1 and V2 are mutually perpendicular F  (2ˆ
i  15ˆ ˆ) N. What is the work
j  6k
(d) | V 1 | | V 2 |
16 Vectors
done by this force in moving the body a distance 32. Let Aˆ
i A cos  ˆ
jA sin be any vector.
10 m along the Y-axis [CBSE PMT 1994]
Another vector B which is normal to A is
(a) 20 J (b) 150 J [BHU 1997]
(c) 160 J (d) 190 J
(a) ˆ
i B cos  j B sin (b)
25. A particle moves in the x-y plane under the action ˆ
i B sin  j B cos
of a force F such that the value of its linear
momentum (P ) at anytime t is (c) ˆ
i B sin  j B cos (d)
Px  2 cost, py  2 sint. The angle ˆ
i B cos  j B sin
 between
F and P at a given time t. will be [MNR 1991; 33. The angle between two vectors given by
UPSEAT 2000] 6i  6 j  3k and 7i  4 j  4k is
(a)   0 (b)   30 [EAMCET (Engg.) 1999]

(c)   90 (d)   180 1  1  1  5 


(a) cos  
 (b) cos  

26. The area of the parallelogram represented by the  3  3
vectors A  2ˆ
i  3ˆ
j and B  ˆ
i  4ˆj is
1  2  1
 5
(a) 14 units (b) 7.5 units (c) sin  
 (d) sin  

 3  3 
(c) 10 units (d) 5 units
34. A vector A points vertically upward and B
27. A vector F 1 is along the positive X-axis. If its points towards north. The vector product A  B
vector product with another vector F 2 is zero is [UPSEAT 2000]

then F 2 could be (a) Zero (b) Along west

[MP PMT 1987] (c) Along east (d) Vertically downward

35. Angle between the vectors (ˆ j) and (ˆ


i ˆ ˆ) is
jk
(a) 4 ĵ (b)  (ˆ
i ˆ
j)

ˆ) (a) 90° (b) 0°


(c) (ˆ
jk (d) (4ˆ
i)
(c) 180° (d) 60°
28. If for two vectors A and B, A  B  0, the
36. The position vectors of points A, B, C and D are
vectors ˆ, B  4ˆ ˆ, C  7ˆ ˆ
A  3ˆ
i  4ˆ
j  5k i  5ˆ
j  6k i  9ˆ
j  3k
(a) Are perpendicular to each other
and D  4ˆi  6ˆj then the displacement vectors
(b) Are parallel to each other
AB and CD are
(c) Act at an angle of 60° (a) Perpendicular
(d) Act at an angle of 30° (b) Parallel
29. The angle between vectors (A  B) and (c) Antiparallel
(d) Inclined at an angle of 60°
(B  A) is
37. If force (F )  4ˆ
i  5ˆ
j and displacement
(a) Zero (b) 
(s)  3ˆ ˆ then the work done is
i  6k
(c)  / 4 (d)  / 2
[Manipal 1995]
30. What is the angle between ( P  Q) and (a) 4 3 (b) 5 6
(P  Q) (c) 6  3 (d) 4  6
 38. If | A  B | | A . B |, then angle between A
(a) 0 (b)
2 and B will be
[AIIMS 2000; Manipal 2000]

(c) (d)  (a) 30° (b) 45°
4
(c) 60° (d) 90°
31. The resultant of the two vectors having magnitude 39. In an clockwise system [CPMT 1990]
2 and 3 is 1. What is their cross product
ˆˆ
(a) ˆj  k i (b) ˆ
i .ˆ
i  0
(a) 6 (b) 3
(c) ˆj  ˆj  1 ˆ.ˆ
(d) k j 1
(c) 1 (d) 0
Vectors 17
40. The linear velocity of a rotating body is given by 47. Find the torque of a force F  3ˆ
i ˆ ˆ acting
j  5k
v    r, where  is the angular velocity and ˆ
at the point r  7ˆ
i  3ˆj  k
r is the radius vector. The angular velocity of a
ˆ and the radius vector [CPMT 1997; CBSE PMT 1997; CET 1998; DPMT 2004]
body is   ˆ
i  2ˆj  2k
ˆ, then | v| is (a) 14ˆ
i  38ˆ ˆ
j  16k
r  4ˆ
j  3k
(b) 4ˆ
i  4ˆ ˆ
j  6k
(a) 29 units (b) 31 units
(c) 37 units (d) 41 units (c) 21ˆ
i  4ˆ ˆ
j  4k (d)
41. Three vectors a, b and c satisfy the relation  14ˆ
i  34ˆ ˆ
j  16k
a. b  0 and a. c  0. The vector a is
48. The value of (A  B) (A  B) is
parallel to [AIIMS 1996]
(a) b (b) c [RPET 1991, 2002; BHU 2002]

(c) b. c (d) b c (a) 0 (b) A 2  B 2


42. The diagonals of a parallelogram are 2î and
(c) B  A (d) 2(B  A)
ˆ. What is the area of the parallelogram
2j  
49. If Aand B are perpendicular vectors and
(a) 0.5 units (b) 1 unit  
vector A  5ˆ
i  7ˆ ˆ and B  2ˆ
j  3k i  2ˆ ˆ.
j  ak
(c) 2 units (d) 4 units
43. What is the unit vector perpendicular to the The value of a is
following vectors 2ˆ
i  2ˆ ˆ and 6ˆ
jk i  3ˆ ˆ
j  2k [EAMCET 1991]

ˆ
i  10ˆ ˆ
j  18k (a) – 2 (b) 8
(a) (b)
5 17 (c) – 7 (d) – 8
ˆ
i  10ˆ ˆ
j  18k 50. A force vector applied on a mass is represented as

F  6ˆ
i  8ˆ ˆ
j  10k and accelerates with
5 17
2
ˆ ˆ 1 m/s . What will be the mass of the body in kg.
i  10ˆ
j  18k
(c) (d)
5 17 [CMEET 1995]

ˆ
i  10ˆ ˆ
j  18k (a) 10 2 (b) 20
5 17
(c) 2 10 (d) 10
44. The area of the parallelogram whose sides are
ˆ ˆ 51. Two adjacent sides of a parallelogram are
represented by the vectors j  3k and
represented by the two vectors ˆ ˆ and
i  2ˆj  3k
ˆ ˆ is
i  2ˆj  k

i  2ˆ ˆ . What is the area of parallelogram
jk
(a) 61 sq.unit (b) 59 sq.unit
[AMU 1997]
(c) 49 sq.unit (d) 52 sq.unit
(a) 8 (b) 8 3
45. The position of a particle is given by
r  (i  2 j  k) momentum P  (3i  4 j  2k). (c) 3 8 (d) 192
The angular momentum is perpendicular to
[EAMCET (Engg.) 1998] 52. The position vectors of radius are 2ˆ ˆ and
i  ˆj  k

i  3ˆ ˆ while those of linear momentum are
jk
(a) x-axis

i  3ˆ
jkˆ. Then the angular momentum is
(b) y-axis
[BHU 1997]
(c) z-axis
(a) 2ˆ ˆ
i  4k (b) 4ˆ ˆ
i  8k
(d) Line at equal angles to all the three axes
(c) 2ˆ
i  4ˆ ˆ
j  2k (d) 4ˆ ˆ
46. Two vector A and B have equal magnitudes. Then i  8k
the vector A + B is perpendicular to 53. What is the value of linear velocity, if
 
ˆ and r ˆ
  3ˆ
i  4ˆj  k  5ˆ
i  6ˆ
j  6k [CBSE
(a) A B (b) A – B
PMT 1999; CPMT 1999, 2001;
(c) 3A – 3B (d) All of these Pb. PMT 2000; Pb. CET 2000]
18 Vectors
(a) 6ˆ
i  2ˆ ˆ
j  3k (b) 6ˆ
i  2ˆ ˆ
j  8k wt, sin1  0.9659, the value of R is ( in kg wt)
ˆ [CET 1998]
(c) 4ˆ
i  13ˆ
j  6k (d)
 18ˆ
i  13ˆ ˆ
j  2k (a) 0.9659 P 150o Q
54. Dot product of two mutual perpendicular vector is (b) 2
2 1
[Haryana CEET 2002] (c) 1
R
(a) 0 (b) 1 1
(d)
(c)  (d) None of these 2
 
55. When A.B   | A || B |, then 2. A body is in equilibrium under the action of three
[Orissa JEE 2003] coplanar forces P, Q and R as shown in the figure.
  Select the correct statement
(a) A and B are perpendicular to each other [AFMC 1994]
 
(b) A and B act in the same direction P Q R
(a)  
  sin sin sin Q 
(c) A and B act in the opposite direction P
  P Q R  
(d) A and B can act in any direction (b)  
      cos cos cos R
56. If | A  B| 3 A.B, then the value of| A  B|
P Q R
is (c)  
tan tan tan
[CBSE PMT 2004]
P Q R
 AB 
1/ 2
(d)  
(a)  A 2  B 2  (b) A B sin sin sin
 3 

3. If a body is in equilibrium under a set of non-
(c) (A  B  2 2
3 AB) 1/ 2
(d) collinear forces, then the minimum number of
forces has to be
2 2 1/ 2
(A  B  AB) [AIIMS 2000]

57. A force F  3ˆ ˆ acting on a particle
i  cˆj  2k (a) Four (b) Three
 (c) Two (d) Five
causes a displacement S  4ˆ ˆ in its
i  2ˆj  3k
4. How many minimum number of non-zero vectors
own direction. If the work done is 6J, then the
in different planes can be added to give zero
value of c will be [DPMT 1997]
resultant
(a) 12 (b) 6 (a) 2 (b) 3
(c) 1 (d) 0 (c) 4 (d) 5

58. A force F  (5ˆ
i  3ˆ
j) N is applied over a particle 5. As shown in figure the tension in the horizontal
which displaces it from its original position to the point cord is 30 N. The weight W and tension in the
 string OA in Newton are
s  (2ˆi  1ˆj) m. The work done on the particle is
[DPMT 1992]
[BHU 2001]
(a) + 11 J (b) + 7 J (a) 30 3, 30 A
(c) + 13 J (d) – 7 J 30o
(b) 30 3, 60
 
59. If a vector A is parallel to another vector B 30 N
  (c) 60 3, 30
then the resultant of the vector A  B will be O
(d) None of these
equal to W
[Pb. CET 1996]
 Relative Velocity
(a) A (b) A
(c) Zero vector (d) Zero 1. Two cars are moving in the same direction with the
same speed 30 km/hr. They are separated by a
Lami's Theorem distance of 5 km, the speed of a car moving in the
opposite direction if it meets these two cars at an
interval of 4 minutes, will be
1. P, Q and R are three coplanar forces acting at a
point and are in equilibrium. Given P = 1.9318 kg (a) 40 km/hr (b) 45 km/hr
(c) 30 km/hr (d) 15 km/hr
Vectors 19
2. A man standing on a road hold his umbrella at 30° from the motor cycle is 100 m, how long will it
with the vertical to keep the rain away. He throws take for the policemen to catch the thief
the umbrella and starts running at 10 km/hr. He (a) 1 second (b) 19 second
finds that raindrops are hitting his head vertically,
(c) 90 second (d) 100 second
the speed of raindrops with respect to the road will
be 10. A man can swim with velocity v relative to water.
(a) 10 km/hr (b) 20 km/hr He has to cross a river of width d flowing with a
velocity u (u > v). The distance through which he
(c) 30 km/hr (d) 40 km/hr
is carried down stream by the river is x. Which of
3. In the above problem, the speed of raindrops w.r.t.
the following statement is correct
the moving man, will be
(a) If he crosses the river in minimum time
(a) 10 / 2 km/ h (b) 5 km/h
du
(c) 10 3 km/ h (d) 5 / 3 km/ h x
v
4. A boat is moving with a velocity 3i + 4j with respect
to ground. The water in the river is moving with a du
velocity – 3i – 4j with respect to ground. The (b) x can not be less than
v
relative velocity of the boat with respect to water
is [CPMT 1998] (c) For x to be minimum he has to swim in a
(a) 8j (b) – 6i – 8j
  v
(c) 6i +8j (d) 5 2  sin1  
2  u
direction making an angle of
5. A 150 m long train is moving to north at a speed
of 10 m/s. A parrot flying towards south with a with the direction of the flow of water
speed of 5 m/s crosses the train. The time taken (d) x will be max. if he swims in a direction
by the parrot the cross to train would be:
[CBSE PMT 1992]  v
 sin1
(a) 30 s (b) 15 s making an angle of 2 u with
(c) 8 s (d) 10 s direction of the flow of water
6. A river is flowing from east to west at a speed of 5 11. A man sitting in a bus travelling in a direction from
m/min. A man on south bank of river, capable of
west to east with a speed of 40 km/h observes
swimming 10m/min in still water, wants to swim
that the rain-drops are falling vertically down. To
across the river in shortest time. He should swim
[BHU 1998] the another man standing on ground the rain will
(a) Due north appear [HP PMT 1999]

(b) Due north-east (a) To fall vertically down


(c) Due north-east with double the speed of river (b) To fall at an angle going from west to east
(d) None of these
(c) To fall at an angle going from east to west
7. A person aiming to reach the exactly opposite
point on the bank of a stream is swimming with a (d) The information given is insufficient to decide
speed of 0.5 m/s at an angle of 1200 with the the direction of rain.
direction of flow of water. The speed of water in
12. A boat takes two hours to travel 8 km and back in
the stream is [CBSE PMT 1999]
still water. If the velocity of water is 4 km/h, the
(a) 1 m/s (b) 0.5 m/s
time taken for going upstream 8 km and coming
(c) 0.25 m/s (d) 0.433 m/s back is [EAMCET 1990]
8. A moves with 65 km/h while B is coming back of A
with 80 km/h. The relative velocity of B with (a) 2h
respect to A is (b) 2h 40 min
[AFMC 2000]
(c) 1h 20 min
(a) 80 km/h (b) 60 km/h
(c) 15 km/h (d) 145 km/h (d) Cannot be estimated with the information
given
9. A thief is running away on a straight road on a
jeep moving with a speed of 9 m/s. A police man 13. A 120 m long train is moving towards west with a
chases him on a motor cycle moving at a speed of speed of 10 m/s. A bird flying towards east with a
10 m/s. If the instantaneous separation of jeep speed of 5 m/s crosses the train. The time taken
20 Vectors
by the bird to cross the train will be 5. A vector a is turned without a change in its
[Manipal 2002]
length through a small angle d . The value of
(a) 16 sec (b) 12 sec |  a| and a are respectively
(c) 10 sec (d) 8 sec
(a) 0, a d (b) a d , 0
14. A boat crosses a river with a velocity of 8 km/h. If
(c) 0, 0 (d) None of these
the resulting velocity of boat is 10 km/h then the
velocity of river water is [CPMT 2001] 6. Find the resultant of three vectors OA, OB and
(a) 4 km/h (b) 6 km/h OC shown in the following figure. Radius of the
circle is R. C
(c) 8 km/h (d) 10 km/h B
(a) 2R 45o
45o
(b) R(1  2) A
O

(c) R 2

(d) R( 2  1)
1. If a vector P making angles , , and 
respectively with the X, Y and Z axes respectively. 7. Figure shows ABCDEF as a regular hexagon. What
is the value of AB  AC  AD  AEE AF D
Then sin2   sin2   sin2  
(a) AO
(a) 0 (b) 1 F C
(b) 2AO
(c) 2 (d) 3 O
(c) 4 AO
2. If the resultant of n forces of different magnitudes A B
(d) 6AO
acting at a point is zero, then the minimum value
of n is [SCRA 2000] 8. The length of second's hand in watch is 1 cm. The
change in velocity of its tip in 15 seconds is
(a) 1 (b) 2 [MP PMT 1987]
(c) 3 (d) 4 
(a) Zero (b) cm/ sec
3. Can the resultant of 2 vectors be zero [IIIT 2000] 30 2
(a) Yes, when the 2 vectors are same in 
(c) cm/ sec (d)
 2
magnitude and direction cm/ sec
30 30
(b) No
9. A particle moves towards east with velocity 5 m/s.
(c) Yes, when the 2 vectors are same in After 10 seconds its direction changes towards
magnitude but opposite in sense north with same velocity. The average acceleration
of the particle is
(d) Yes, when the 2 vectors are same in
[CPMT 1997; IIT-JEE 1982]
2
magnitude making an angle of with each 1
3 (a) Zero (b) m/ s2 N  W
2
other
1 1
4. The sum of the magnitudes of two forces acting at (c) m/ s2 N  E (d) m/ s2 S  W
point is 18 and the magnitude of their resultant is 2 2
12. If the resultant is at 90° with the force of A force F   K (yˆ
10. i  xˆ
j) (where K is a positive
smaller magnitude, what are the, magnitudes of
constant) acts on a particle moving in the x-y
forces [Roorkee 1992; AIEEE
plane. Starting from the origin, the particle is
2002]
taken along the positive x- axis to the point (a, 0)
(a) 12, 5 (b) 14, 4 and then parallel to the y-axis to the point (a, a).
The total work done by the forces F on the
(c) 5, 13 (d) 10, 8
particle is
[IIT-JEE 1998]
Vectors 21
   
(a)  2 Ka 2 (b) 2Ka 2 Reason : A  B as well as A  B lie in the
 
plane containing A and B , but
(c)  Ka 2 (d) Ka2  
A  B lies perpendicular to the
11. The vectors from origin to the points A and B are  
plane containing A and B.
A  3ˆ
i  6ˆ ˆ
j  2k and B  2ˆ ˆ
i  ˆj  2k
2. Assertion : Angle between ˆ i  ˆ
j andˆi
respectively. The area of the triangle OAB be
is 45°
5 2 Reason : ˆi  ˆj is equally inclined to both
(a) 17 sq.unit (b) 17 sq.unit î
2 5 and ĵ and the angle between î and
3 5 ĵ is 90°
(c) 17 sq.unit (d) 17 sq.unit 
5 3 3. Assertion : If  be the angle between A
12. A metal sphere is hung by a string fixed to a wall.  
 A B
The sphere is pushed away from the wall by a and B , then tan   
stick. The forces acting on the sphere are shown in A.B
   
the second diagram. Which of the following Reason : A  B is perpendicular to A.B
   
statements is wrong 4. Assertion : If | A  B|  | A  B| , then
 
(a) P  W tan angle between A and B is 90°
   
(b) T  P  W  0 Reason : A B  B A
 
5. Assertion : Vector product of two vectors is
(c) T 2  P 2  W2
an axial vector
(d) T  P W P  
W Reason : If v = instantaneous velocity, r =
13. The speed of a boat is 5 km/h in still water. It 
radius vector and  = angular
crosses a river of width 1 km along the shortest   
velocity, then   v  r .
possible path in 15 minutes. The velocity of the
river water is 6. Assertion : Minimum number of non-equal
vectors in a plane required to give
[IIT 1988; CBSE PMT 1998, 2000]
zero resultant is three.
(a) 1 km/h (b) 3 km/h    
Reason : If A  B  C  0, then they must lie in
(c) 4 km/h (d) 5 km/h one plane
14. A man crosses a 320 m wide river perpendicular to 7. Assertion : Relative velocity of A w.r.t. B is
the current in 4 minutes. If in still water he can greater than the velocity of either,
swim with a speed 5/3 times that of the current, when they are moving in opposite
then the speed of the current, in m/min is directions.
[Roorkee 1998] Reason : Relative velocity of A w.r.t.
 
(a) 30 (b) 40 B  vA  vB
(c) 50 (d) 60. 8. Assertion : Vector addition of two vectors
 
A and B is commutative.
   
Reason : A  B  B  A
   
9. Assertion : A.B  B.A
Reason : Dot product of two vectors is
commutative.
     
10. Assertion :   r  F and  F  r
Read the assertion and reason carefully to mark the Reason : Cross product of vectors is
correct option out of the options given below: commutative.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and the 11. Assertion : A negative acceleration of a
reason is the correct explanation of the assertion. body is associated with a slowing
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is down of a body.
not the correct explanation of the assertion. Reason : Acceleration is vector quantity.
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false. 12. Assertion : A physical quantity cannot be
(d) If the assertion and reason both are false. called as a vector if its magnitude is
zero.
(e) If assertion is false but reason is true.
Reason : A vector has both, magnitude and
direction.
 
1. Assertion : A  B is perpendicular to both 13. Assertion : The sum of two vectors can be
    zero.
A  B as well as A  B.
22 Vectors
Reason : The vector cancel each other, when
they are equal and opposite.
14. Assertion : Two vectors are said to be like
vectors if they have same direction
but different magnitude.
Reason : Vector quantities do not have specific
direction.
15. Assertion : The scalar product of two
vectors can be zero.
Reason : If two vectors are perpendicular to
each other, their scalar product will be
zero.
16. Assertion : Multiplying any vector by an
scalar is a meaningful operations.
Reason : In uniform motion speed remains
constant.
17. Assertion : A null vector is a vector whose
magnitude is zero and direction is
arbitrary.
Reason : A null vector does not exist.
18. Assertion : If dot product and cross product
 
of A and B are zero, it implies that
 
one of the vector A and B must be
a null vector.
Reason : Null vector is a vector with zero
magnitude.
19. Assertion : The cross product of a vector
with itself is a null vector.
Reason : The cross-product of two vectors
results in a vector quantity.
20. Assertion : The minimum number of non
coplanar vectors whose sum can be
zero, is four.
Reason : The resultant of two vectors of
unequal magnitude can be zero.
    
21. Assertion : If A.B  B.C, then A may

not always be equal to C
Reason : The dot product of two vectors
involves cosine of the angle between
the two vectors.
22. Assertion : Vector addition is commutative.
   
Reason : (A  B)  (B  A).