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Linear Algebra

Date: 27.08.2017
Duration: 1 hour
ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS
Chapter Test - I / LINEAR ALGEBRA
Instructor: Reginald Lourd Raj R
Marks : 20

a j
 3
0 1
Questions 1 to 6 carry one mark each
 
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1. The matrix A =  0 −1 0  has three distict eigenvalues and one of its eigenvectors is  0 .
1 3

r
2 0 2 1
Which one of the following can be another eigenvector of A?

u
       
0 −1 1 1
A.  0  B.  0  C.  0  D.  −1 
−1 0 −1 1

o
    
2 −2 x1 0
2. The equation = has
1 −1 x2 0

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x1 0
A. no solution B. only one solution = C. non-zero unique solution D. multiple
x2 0
solution

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3. The matrix P is the inverse of a matrix Q. If I denotes the identity matrix, which one of the following

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options is correct?

A. P Q = I but QP 6= I

a
B. QP = I but P Q 6= I
C. P Q = I and QP = I

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D. P Q − QP = I

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4. The product of eigenvalues of a matrix P is

g
 
2 0 1
P= 4 −3 3 

e
0 2 −1
A. -6 B. 2 C. 6 D. -2

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5. The determinant of a 2 × 2 matrix is 50. If one eiqenvalue of the matrix is 10, the other eigenvalue is ——.

6. A real square matrix A is called skew-symmetric if

A. AT = A B. AT = A−1 C. AT = −A D. AT = A + A−1
Questions 7 to 13 carry two marks each
1 1 
√ 0 √
 2 2 
 
 

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7. Consider the matrix P =  0 1 0 
 
 
 
 −1 1 
√ 0 √

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2 2
Which of the following statements about P is INCORRECT?

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A. Determinant of P is equal to 1.
B. P is orthogonal.
C. Inverse of P is equal to its transpose.
D. All eigenvalues of P are real numbers.

8. Consider the matrixA =



λ2 − 80


50
70
70
80


rd
whose eigenvalues λ1 and λ2 are X1 =

, respectively. The value X1T X2 is ——



70
λ1 − 50

and X2 =

u
70
 
a 0 3 7

o
 2 5 1 3 
9. The matrix A =  0 0 2 4  has det(A) = 100 and trace(A) = 14.

0 0 0 b
The value of |a − b| is ———
1
10. Let r and s be real numbers. If A =  2

2
0
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0
 
1

3  and b =  1 , then the system of linear

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r s 0 s−1

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equations AX = b has

A. no solution for s 6= 2r.

a
B. infinitely many solutions for s − 2r 6= 2.
C. a unique solution for s = r = 2.

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D. infinitely many solutions for s = 2r = 2.

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5 3
11. For a matrix A = , ONE of the normalized eigen vectors is given as
1 3

g
 1   3   1 
1
 
√ √ √
 2   2   10   5 

e
A.  √  B.   C.   D. 
       

 3   −1   1   2 
√ √ √
2 2 10 5

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1 1
12. A matrix has eigen values -1 and -2. The corresponding eigenvectors are and respectively.
−1 −2
The matrix is
       
1 1 1 2 −1 0 0 1
A. B. C. D.
−1 −2 −2 −4 0 −2 −2 −3
13. Let the eigen values of a 2 × 2 matrix A be 1,-2 with eigenvectors 1,-2 with eigenvectors x1 and x2 respec-
tively.Then the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrix A2 − 3A + 4I would respectively be

A. 2, 14;x1 , x2 B. 2, 14;x1 + x2 , x1 − x2
C. 2, 0 ;x1 , x2 D. 2, 0 ;x1 + x2 , x1 − x2

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