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INTRODUCTION

Our project proposal is about to design water supply system in Durian Tunggal,
Malacca. Durian Tunggal is a Mukim in Alor Gajah District, Melaka, Malaysia. It is
situated within the parliamentary constituency of Hang Tuah Jaya and the district of
southern Alor Gajah. It is also located 4 Kilometre from Lebuh Ayer Keroh tol Plaza.
The proposed area for the project is about 1500 acres. Figure 1.0 below shows the
location for the proposed area in Durian Tunggal.

Figure 1.0 Location for proposed area

For the study area, the proposed construction around the proposed area is residential
area, industrial area, hotel, mosque and school area. The layout for the proposed
construction is shown in the Figure 1.1 below.
Figure 1.1 : Proposed construction
WATER SUPPLY DESIGN CALCULATION

Water Demand Calculation


No. Jenis Premis Penduduk Setara (dicadangkan)
1. Kediaman 5 per unit*
Komersial (termasuk pusat hiburan/rekreasi,
2. 3 per 100m² kawasan kasar
kafeteria, teater)
0.2 per pelajar
Sekolah/Institusi Pengajian :
1 per pelajar
- Sekolah/Institusi Siang
3. 0.2 per pelajar untuk pelajar
- Dengan asrama penuh
tanpa asrama dan 1 per pelajar
- Dengan sebahagian asrama
untuk penduduk asrama
4. Hospital 4 per katil
Hotel (Dengan kemudahan masakan dan
5. 4 per bilik
cucian pakaian)
6. Kilang (tidak termasuk sisa yang diproses) 0.3 per pekerja
7. Pasar (jenis basah) 3 per gerai
8. Pasar (jenis kering) 1 per gerai
9. Stesen petrol/Perkhidmatan 18 per stesen
10. Stesen Bas 4 per petak bas
11. Stesen teksi 4 per petak teksi
12. Masjid 0.5 per orang
13. Gereja/Kuil 0.2 per orang
14. Stadium 0.2 per orang
15. Kolam renang/Kompleks sukan 0.5 per orang
16. Tandas awam 16 per tandas
0.2 per petak penumpang
17. Lapangan terbang
0.3 per pekerja
18. Laundri 10 per mesin
19. Penjara 1 per orang
20. Padang golf 20 per lubang
Jadual 4.2 Keperluan Kawasan Tanah Bagi Kelas 1 dan 2 Tangki
*The required area does not include any buffer zone surrounding
each plant. Appropriate setbacks and access paths within the plants
have been included.

Population Land Area Requirement*


Equivalent (PE) (m3) (acre)
100 210 0.052
150 285 0.07
200 360 0.089
250 430 0.106
300 485 0.12
350 545 0.135
400 600 0.148
450 655 0.162
500 700 0.173
550 745 0.184
600 790 0.195
650 835 0.206
700 870 0.215
750 905 0.224
800 940 0.232
850 980 0.242
900 1010 0.25
950 1040 0.257
1000 1070 0.264
1100 1115 0.276
1200 1160 0.287
1300 1200 0.297
1400 1240 0.306
1500 1275 0.315
1600 1310 0.324
1700 1340 0.331
1800 1370 0.339
1900 1395 0.345
2000 1420 0.351
Category Type Bil Unit PE Total Liters/day Total
Domestic Low cost house 4 800 5.00 4000.00 1,100 880,000
Double storey 4 200 5.00 1000.00 1,500 300,000
Apartment 4 400 5.00 2000.00 1,500 600,000
Commercial Multi - storey 2 100 3.00 300.00 3,000 300,000
shop Tingkat
(100m2)
Market Dry 200 1.00 200.00 450 90,000
Wet 100 3.00 300.00 1,500 150,000
Hotel 300 4.00 1200.00 1,500 450,000
Industri medium 5 1,000 0.30 300.00 50,000 250,000
Petrol station 2 18.00 36.00 10,000 20,000
- without
washing bay
Sosial Mosque 2 2,000 0.50 1000.00 50 100,000
Surau 4 200 0.50 100.00 50 10,000
sekolah 2 2,000 0.20 400.00 50 100,000
Kindergaten 6 300 0.20 60.00 30 9,000
Total = 3,259,000 𝑚3 /
𝑑𝑎𝑦
Coagulation

Design flow = 60 × 103 𝑚3 /day


Average alum dosage = 5 mg/L

The quantity of alum needed on a daily basis in kg/d,

Amount needed = Q × dose


= 60 × 103 𝑚3 /day × 5 mg/L [ (1kg/ 106 mg)(1000L/𝑚3 )]
= 300 kg/day

Sedimentation Tank

The key parameters and typical values in the design of settling tank are :-

 Surface over flow rate, 20 – 35 𝑚3 /day/𝑚2


 Detention times, 2 – 8 h
 Weir overflow rate, 150 – 300 𝑚3 /day/𝑚2

1. Surface Area

Design flow = 60 × 103 𝑚3 /day


Design Overflow Rate = 40 m/day

The surface area is = 60 × 103 𝑚3 /day / 40 m/day


= 1500 𝑚2

2. Length to Width Dimension

Common length to width, L : W ratios ( 2:1 < L:W < 5:1 ). Therefore, the
suggestion number of tanks is 5 tanks, each with a width of 10 m, a total surface
area of 1500 𝑚2 ,
Length = 1500 𝑚2 / (5 tanks)(10m) = 30 m, therefore it is fulfil the length to
width ratio.

3. Tank depth

Rule of thumb that the detention time should be 2-8 h. Assumed the detention
time of 120 min.

Q = V/t
V = Qt
V = ( 12000 𝑚3 /day )(120 min) / ( d/1440 min)
= 1000 𝑚3

Depth = 1000 𝑚3 / 300 𝑚2


= 3.333 m ~ 4 m

Flocculation Tank

Sedimentation Sedimentation Sedimentation Sedimentation Sedimentation


Tank 1 Tank 2 Tank 3 Tank 4 Tank 5

Therefore, for each tank, the length is 30 m, the width is 10 m and the depth is 4 m.