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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 2.1 deret volta ......................................................................................... 8


Tabel 2.2 data dimensi dan berat...................................................................... 24
Tabel 2.3 larutan NaCl 0.1M 250 ml ............................................................... 26
Tabel 2.4 larutan HCl 0.1M 250 ml ................................................................. 27
Tabel 2.5 larutan NaOH 0.1M 250 ml ............................................................. 29
Tabel 2.6 larutan K2CrO4 ................................................................................. 31
Tabel 2.7 aqua dm 250 ml ................................................................................ 33
Tabel 3.1 karakteristik dari korosi retak tegang ............................................... 51
Tabel 3.2 data pengamatan awal korosi retak tegang ...................................... 61
Tabel 3.3 data pengamatan akhir korosi retak tegang ...................................... 62
Tabel 3.4 data pengamatan selama pengujian korosi retak tegang .................. 62
Tabel 4.1 deret volta ......................................................................................... 70
Tabel 4.2 data awal pengujian .......................................................................... 83
Tabel 4.3 data pengukuran pH dan potensial ................................................... 83
Tabel 5.1 jenis anoda dengan resistivitas lingkungan ...................................... 91
Tabel 5.2 data awal pengujian .......................................................................... 106
Tabel 5.3 data pengamatan dimensi dan berat ................................................. 107
Tabel 5.4 data pengamatan visual, potensial dan pH ....................................... 107
Tabel 6.1 data awal pengujian .......................................................................... 128
Tabel 6.2 data dimensi dan berat...................................................................... 128
Tabel 6.3 data pengamatan visual, potensial dan pH larutan NaCl + ekstrak kulit
manggis ............................................................................................................ 129
Tabel 6.4 data pengamatan visual, potensial dan pH larutan NaCl + ekstrak daun
jambu biji ......................................................................................................... 130

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 diagram Pourbaix ......................................................................... 9


Gambar 2.2 uniform corrosion......................................................................... 12
Gambar 2.3 pitting corrosion. .......................................................................... 13
Gambar 2.4 korosi batas butir. ......................................................................... 13
Gambar 2.5 korosi erosi. .................................................................................. 14
Gambar 2.6 korosi celah. ................................................................................. 15
Gambar 2.7 skema proses pengaruh berbagai larutan terhadap laju korosi. ... 19
Gambar 2.8 proses pengaruh berbagai larutan terhadap laju korosi. .............. 23
Gambar 2.9 diagram Pourbaix NaCl 0,1 M 250 ml........................................ 35
Gambar 2.10 diagram Pourbaix HCl 0,1M 250 ml ......................................... 36
Gambar 2.11 diagram Pourbaix NaOH 0,1M 250 ml...................................... 37
Gambar 2.12 diagram Pourbaix K2CrO4 0,1M 250 ml.................................... 38
Gambar 2.13 diagram Pourbaix aqua dm 250 ml. ........................................... 39
Gambar 3.1 sketsa dari SCC ............................................................................ 48
Gambar 3.2 faktor utama terjadinya korosi retak tegang ................................. 49
Gambar 3.3 diagram Pourbaix ......................................................................... 53
Gambar 3.4 skema proses Stress Corrosion Cracking ................................... 54
Gambar 3.5 proses Stress Corrosion Cracking ............................................... 60
Gambar 4.1 deret galvanis pada macam-macam jenis logam .......................... 71
Gambar 4.2 lapisan coating untuk pencegahan korosi..................................... 73
Gambar 4.3 pemasangan two dissimilar metals untuk proteksi dari korosi galvanik
.......................................................................................................................... 73
Gambar 4.4 lapisan/coating untuk sebuah paduan logam ................................ 74
Gambar 4.5 pemasangan galvanic couple ........................................................ 74
Gambar 4.6 digram Pourbaix........................................................................... 75
Gambar 4.7 skema proses Galvanic Corrosion ............................................... 76
Gambar 4.8 proses Galvanic Corrosion........................................................... 82
Gambar 4.9 diagram Pourbaix NaCl 0,1 M 250 ml......................................... 85
Gambar 5.1 proteksi katodik metode anoda korban......................................... 90
Gambar 5.2. instalasi paket anoda tunggal....................................................... 92

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Gambar 5.3. instalasi paket anoda gabungan ................................................... 93
Gambar 5.4. instalasi paket anoda di bawah pipa ............................................ 93
Gambar 5.5. instalasi anoda dengan backfill terpisah ...................................... 94
Gambar 5.6 digram Pourbaix........................................................................... 97
Gambar 5.7 skema proses pengendalian korosi dengan metode anoda korban 99
Gambar 5.8 proses pengendalian korosi dengan metode anoda korban .......... 105
Gambar 5.9 diagram Pourbaix NaCl 0,1 M 250 ml......................................... 108
Gambar 6.1 skematik proses inhibisi pada pipa baja ....................................... 114
Gambar 6.2 mekanisme proteksi ...................................................................... 119
Gambar 2.3 digram Pourbaix........................................................................... 120
Gambar 2.4 skema proses pengendalian korosi dengan penambahan inhibitor
ekstrak bahan alam ........................................................................................... 121
Gambar 2.4 skema proses pengendalian korosi dengan penambahan inhibitor
ekstrak bahan alam ........................................................................................... 127
Gambar 6.5 diagram Pourbaix NaCl + ekstrak kulit manggis 250 ml ............ 131
Gambar 6.6 diagram Pourbaix NaCl + ekstrak daun jambu bijih 250 ml ....... 132

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