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HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK CONTROL (HIRARC)

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK CONTROL (HIRARC)

HIRARC FORM
Company UTHM-OSHA SECTION 1
Conducted by:
Process / Location: PLANTS AND MACHINERY
(Name, designation)
Approved by:
DR MUHAMMAD FIKRI BIN HASMORI
(Name, designation)
Date: 12/9/2018 Review Date: 1.12/9/2018 2.
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION RISK ASSESSMENT RISK CONTROL
Existing risk
Which can cause/ Recommended control
No Work Activity Hazard control Likelihood Severity Risk
effect measures
(is any)
1. (TOWER  The operator might
CRANE) fall from the height  Fatality Provide safety harness and
1 4 4
Operator when climbing the lifelines
climbing up the tower crane
tower crane  The operator can trip  Major injury 1 4 4 Provide guardrail on the
down from the climbing ladder
climbing ladder
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK CONTROL (HIRARC)
 Presence of sharp
object on the  Finger cut/ Injury
1 1 1 To provide leather gloves
climbing ladder to the fingers/
(corroded ladder)
2.  Major injury The lift conducted by the
 Material falling 3 4 12
 Fatality trained operator
Monthly chain inspection
 Injury
(MOBILE  Lifting slings snaps 1 4 4 (differentiation by the color
 Fatality
CRANE) tag)
Lifting material  Hit the nearby
workers as the Inspect the bundle prior to
 Overweight 1 4 4
lifting might snaps unload
due to heavy load
3.  Fatality  Ensure the
 Send the mobile crane
ground is
operators to refresher
stable and
(MOBILE course on handling and
avoid soggy
CRANE) maneuvering mobile
 Crane topples  Property Damage ground 1 4 4
Outriggers cranes
 Material Damage  Place
placement  Operator checks the area
outriggers
with PIC to and confirm
on the steel
the area is safe to park
base plate
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK CONTROL (HIRARC)

4.  Hoist snaps during  Competent person must


(HOIST)
operation first have tested and
Using hoist to get  Fatality
1 4 4 examined the hoist before
to one place from  Falling from the  Major injury
the operation
another hoist
 Wearing PPE
5 (EXCAVATOR)  Person struck by  Fatality 1 4 4  Look for bystanders
Using excavator moving parts of the  Major Injury before moving. Place a
in the machine whilst on controller to control the
construction site the ground traffic
 Keep mirrors & lights
clean and in good
condition.
 Warning goal posts
should be erected at a
safe distance
 Worker to wear light
colored vests
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK CONTROL (HIRARC)
 Head damage
 The arm of the  Place a controller to
 Property damage
excavator stuck on 2 4 8 observe the overhead
 The excavator
the overhead before starting any work
topples over
6.  Only handle stable or
safely arranged loads
 Centered the load before
 Falling loads  Fatality
1 3 3 moving it.
 Major injury
 Forklift operator needs to
(FORKLIFT)
attend classes on
Using forklift in
operating forklift
the construction
 Place a sign when the
site  Person struck by
forklift is in operation
moving parts of the
 Fatality  Place a controller whom
machine whilst on 1 3 3
 Injury can give overview on the
the ground
surrounding
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK CONTROL (HIRARC)
 High visibility clothing
Crushing when mixer must be worn
lorry is backing onto the  Fatality  Place a controller whom
1 3 3
pump hopper  Injury can give overview on the
surrounding
(CONCRETE
PUMP)
7  Use well trained,
Using concrete
competent operators to
pump
Persons can be injured pump concrete
 Fatality
by being struck directly 2 4 8  Persons not involved in
 Injury
by the whipping hose the concrete pour should
be excluded from the
delivery hose area.
8 CONCRETE Exposed to hand-arm Hand-arm vibration Workers wear 3 4 12  Used a reduction
VIBRATOR vibration. syndrome (HAVS) and the personal vibration, or anti-
carpal tunnel protective vibration, or tool
syndrome. equipment produces less vibration
(PPE). Provide than conventional tools
safe working during construction
procedure. operations.
 Anti-vibration gloves
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK CONTROL (HIRARC)
dampen vibrations
transmitted to the hand
during operation of heavy
machinery or power tools.

 Wear adequate clothing


and head-gear for skin
and head protection in
 Heat stress/stroke  Workers
 Exposure to strong adverse weather.
due to hot working wear
sunlight.  Reduce the time your
environment. personal
 Exposure to
 Fatigue and back is exposed to
vibrations from the protective
Musculoskeletal vibration by getting off
9 Lift crane engine. equipment 3 3 9
(MSDs) problems the machine at least once
 Exposure to noise (PPE)
caused by every hour.
from engine. Provide safe  Reduce noise exposure by
vibrations.
 Permanent hearing working keeping doors and
damage (deaf). procedure. windows shut while
working.
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK CONTROL (HIRARC)

 Workers
 Respiratory protective
 Inhale of hazardous wear (PPE)
Concrete cutting  Irritations to eyes, equipment should be
dust.  Provide
10 and drilling nose and lung. 3 3 9 worn.
 Inhale of toxic safe
machine  Lung cancer.  Suitable eye protection
fumes from engine. working
should be worn.
procedure.
DISCUSSION OF TABLE HIRARC

(a) Based on the HIRARC table, the most critical hazard for SAFETY is the activity when using
mobile crane to lift the material, the material can fall down while the most critical hazard for
HEALTH is when concrete vibrator whereby the inhaling of hazardous dust. and inhaling of
toxic fumes from engine can cause effect to the health
(b) Both of the hazard are being chosen as the most critical due to the risk from both hazards are high
which is 12.
(c) The proposed control measures for safety hazard (mobile crane to lift the material) according to
the hierarchy of risk control:
Elimination: It is not suitable to eliminate the mobile crane since most of the materials at the
construction site are heavy and requires tool to removes it.
Substitution: Using lorry/vehicles that on ground/manual force to lift materials. Using the pulley
system, which does not raise the material to a certain height.
Engineering Control:
Redesign: Use Spreader beams, which spread the load being lifted, are recommended for lifting
long, large objects. When long loads (eg, shutters, steel sections, etc) are lifted, slingers should
attach a rope or ‘tag line’ to one or both ends of the load so that rotational movement may be
controlled.
Isolation: Create “Exclusion Zone”. no-one should work under an area where loads are being
lifted.
Administrative control:
Safe work procedures - Workers can be required to use standardized safety practices during
lifting process.
Supervision and training- Initial training on safe work procedures and refresher training should
be offered to the lift crane operator.
Personal Protective Equipment- Always wear Personal Protective Equipment in the site area.
(d) The proposed control measures for health hazard (concrete vibrator) according to the hierarchy
of risk control:
Elimination: It is not suitable to eliminate the concrete vibrator since vibration of concrete is
needed to reduce honeycomb effect.
Substitution: • Used a reduction vibration, or anti-vibration, or tool produces less vibration than
conventional tools during construction operations.
Administrative control:
Safe work procedures - Workers can be required to use standardized safety practices when using
concrete vibrator.
Supervision and training- Initial training on safe work procedures and refresher training should
be offered to the people who use concrete vibrator.
Maintenance- Concrete vibrators must be maintained regularly to reduce the health hazard to the
worker.
Job rotation- Concrete vibrator should not be used in a long period to reduce exposure time.
Personal Protective Equipment- Always wear Personal Protective Equipment in the site area