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Binders for paints and

varnishes — Linseed
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stand oil —
Requirements and
methods of test

ICS 87.060.20

BS ISO 276:2002

National foreword
This British Standard reproduces verbatim ISO 276:2002 and implements it as
the UK national standard. It supersedes BS 4725:1987 which is withdrawn.
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee
STI/3, Paint media and related products, which has the responsibility to:

— aid enquirers to understand the text;

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— present to the responsible international/European committee any

enquiries on the interpretation, or proposals for change, and keep the
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Summary of pages
This British Standard, having
been prepared under the This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, the ISO title page,
direction of the Materials and pages ii and iii, a blank page, pages 1 and 2, an inside back cover and a back
Chemicals Sector Policy and cover
Strategy Committee, was
published under the authority The BSI copyright date displayed in this document indicates when the
of the Standards Policy and document was last issued.
Strategy Committee on
12 August 2002

Amendments issued since publication

Amd. No. Date Comments

© BSI 12 August 2002

ISBN 0 580 40235 5

BS ISO 276:2002


Second edition
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Binders for paints and varnishes —

Linseed stand oil — Requirements and
methods of test
Liants pour peintures et vernis — Standolies d'huile de lin — Exigences et
méthodes d'essai

Reference number
ISO 276:2002(E)
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BS ISO 276:2002
BS ISO 276:2002

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ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO
member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical
committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has
the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in
liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical
Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted
by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International
Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this International Standard may be the subject of
patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 276 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 35, Paints and varnishes, Subcommittee SC 10, Test
methods for binders for paints and varnishes.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 276:1981), which has been technically revised. The
major changes are that the determinations of odour, ash and unsaponifiable-matter content and the tests for
polybromide, the presence of colophony (rosin) and the presence of blown oils have been deleted. Standard test
methods for the determination of viscosity, clarity and colour have been added.

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BS ISO 276:2002

Binders for paints and varnishes — Linseed stand oil —

Requirements and methods of test
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1 Scope
This International Standard specifies the requirements and the corresponding test methods for five types of linseed
stand oil suitable for paints and varnishes.

2 Normative references
The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of
this International Standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these
publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to
investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For
undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC
maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.

ISO 2114:2000, Plastics (polyester resins) and paints and varnishes (binders) — Determination of partial acid value
and total acid value

ISO 3681:1996, Binders for paints and varnishes — Determination of saponification value — Titrimetric method

ISO 4630:1997, Binders for paints and varnishes — Estimation of colour of clear liquids by the Gardner colour

ISO 12058-1:1997, Plastics — Determination of viscosity using a falling-ball viscometer — Part 1: Inclined-tube

ISO 15715:—1), Binders for paints and varnishes — Determination of turbidity

3 Term and definition

For the purposes of this International Standard, the following term and definition apply.

linseed stand oil
polymerized linseed oil obtained from linseed oil by heat treatment and conforming to the requirements given in this
International Standard

NOTE Certain linseed stand oils are also referred to as “lithographic varnishes”.

1) To be published.

BS ISO 276:2002

4 Requirements and test methods

The five types of linseed stand oil shall meet the requirements given in Table 1.

Table 1 — Required characteristics and test methods for linseed stand oil
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Characteristic Stand oil 1 Stand oil 2 Stand oil 3 Stand oil 4 Stand oil 5 Test method
(extra-low (low (medium (high (extra-high
viscosity) viscosity) viscosity) viscosity) viscosity)

at 20 °C Pa⋅sa max. 1 > 1 but u 4 > 4 but u 8 > 8 but u 16 > 16

at 23 °C Pa⋅sa max. 0,9 > 0,9 but u > 3,4 but u 6,8 > 6,8 but u 13 > 13
Viscosity ISO 12058-1

at 25 °C Pa⋅sa max. 0,8 > 0,8 but u 3 > 3 but u 6 > 6 but u 11 > 11

Turbidity To be agreed between the interested parties ISO 15715

Colour (Gardner) To be agreed between the interested parties ISO 4630
Acid value mg KOH/g max. 6 max. 10 max. 12 max. 15 max. 20 ISO 2114
Saponification value mg KOH/g 186 to 200 ISO 681
a 1 Pa⋅s = 10 poise.

5 Test report

The test report shall contain at least the following information:

a) a reference to this International Standard (ISO 276);

b) all details necessary for complete identification of the product tested (manufacturer, brand name, batch
number, etc.);

c) the results of the tests, and whether or not the product complies with the relevant specification limits;

d) any deviation, by agreement or otherwise, from the test methods specified;

e) any specific agreements between the interested parties;

f) the dates of the tests.

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