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Arab states of the Persian Gulf

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states
which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait,
Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
(UAE).[1][2][3] This excludes the non-Arab state of Iran. All of
these nations except Iraq are part of the Gulf Cooperation Council

1 Culture
2 Politics
3 Freedom of Press
4 Peace The Persian Gulf's coastline skirts seven
5 Economy Arab countries on its western shores and Iran
6 See also to the east. (Oman's Musandam peninsula
7 Further reading meets the gulf at the Strait of Hormuz.)
8 References
9 External links

Soap operas are important national pastimes in the Persian Gulf Arab region. They are most popular during the
time of Ramadan, when families gather to break their fast. Most of these soap operas are based in Kuwait.[5][6]
Kuwaiti soap operas are the most-watched soap operas in the Persian Gulf region.[7][8] Although usually
performed in the Kuwaiti dialect, they have been shown with success as far away as Tunisia.[9] Kuwaiti popular
culture, in the form of theatre, radio and television soap opera, flourishes and is exported to neighbouring Arab
states of the Persian Gulf.[10][11] Darb El Zalag, Khalti Gmasha, and Ruqayya wa Sabika are among the most
important television productions in the Gulf region.[12] Kuwait is widely considered the cultural capital of the
Arab states of the Persian Gulf region,[13][14] frequently dubbed the "Hollywood of the Gulf" due to the
popularity of its Arabic television soap operas and theatre.[33]

The inhabitants of Eastern Arabia's coast share similar cultures and music styles such as fijiri, sawt and liwa.
The most noticeable cultural trait of Eastern Arabia's Arabs is their orientation and focus towards the sea.[34]
Maritime-focused life in the small Arab states has resulted in a sea-oriented society where livelihoods have
traditionally been earned in marine industries.[34]

Before the GCC was formed in 1981, the term "Khaleeji" was solely used to refer to the inhabitants of Eastern
Arabia.[35] Historically, "Khaleeji" meant descendants of Ichthyophagi, the coast-dwelling "fish eaters".[36]
Geographically, the Arabic-speaking is solely Eastern Arabia.[37][38]

Some states are constitutional monarchies with elected parliaments. Bahrain (Majlis al Watani) and Kuwait
(Majlis al Ummah) have legislatures with members elected by the population.
The Sultanate of Oman also has an advisory council (Majlis ash-Shura) that is popularly elected. In the UAE, a
federation of seven monarchical emirates, the Federal National Council (United Arab Emirates) functions only
as an advisory body, but some of its members are now chosen via a limited electoral college nominated by the
seven rulers. Saudi Arabia remains a hereditary monarchy with limited political representation. In Qatar, an
elected national parliament has been mooted and is written into the new constitution, but elections are yet to be

Freedom of Press
Press in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf have varying degrees of freedom with Kuwait topping the league
with a lively press that enjoys considerably more freedom than its Persian Gulf counterparts according to
Freedom House and Reporters Without Borders. Both organizations rank Kuwait's press as the most free of all
Arab states of the Persian Gulf and, in fact, rank amongst the top three most free press in the Arab world.[40][41]
Qatar and Oman come in second and third respectively within the regional ranks.

The six Arab states of the Persian Gulf lie in a volatile region and their six governments, with varying degrees
of success and effort, try and advance peace in their own countries and other countries. However Arab Gulf
states, specifically Saudi Arabia and Qatar, stand accused of funding Islamist militants such as Hamas and the
Muslim Brotherhood.[42] According to the Institute of Economics and Peace (IEP)'s Global Peace Index of
2016, the six governments had varying degrees of success in maintaining peace amongst their respective
borders with Qatar ranked number 1 amongst its regional peers as the most peaceful regional and Middle
Eastern nation (and ranked 34 worldwide) while Kuwait ranks second in both the regional and the Middle East
region (and 51 worldwide) followed by the UAE in the third spot (61 worldwide).[43]

All of these Arab states have significant revenues from
petroleum. The United Arab Emirates has been successfully
diversifying the economy. 79% of UAE's total GDP comes from
non-oil sectors.[44] Oil accounts for only 2% of Dubai's GDP.[45]
Bahrain has the Persian Gulf's first "post-oil" economy because
the Bahraini economy does not rely on oil.[46] Since the late 20th
century, Bahrain has heavily invested in the banking and tourism
sectors.[47] The country's capital, Manama is home to many large
financial structures. Bahrain and Kuwait have a high Human
Development Index (worldwide rank of 45 and 48 respectively)
and was recognised by the World Bank as high income

In addition, the small coastal states (especially Bahrain and

Map of the Gulf Cooperation Council's
Kuwait) were successful centers of trade and commerce prior to
members (Iraq is not a member).
oil. Eastern Arabia also had significant pearl banks, but the
pearling industry collapsed in the 1930s after the development of
cultured pearl methods by Japanese scientists.

According to the World Bank, most of these Arab states have been the world's most generous donors of aid as a
share of GDP.[48]

See also
Eastern Arabia
Persian Gulf
Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, originally (and still) known as the "Gulf
Cooperation Council" (GCC).
Iran-Arab relations
Gulf/2000 Project
List of the busiest airports in the Arab states of Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf naming dispute

Further reading
Madawi Al-Rasheed, ed. (2005). Transnational Connections and the Arab Gulf.
Lawrence G. Potter, ed. (2009). The Persian Gulf in History.
Lawrence G. Potter, ed. (2014). Sectarian Politics in the Persian Gulf.
"The Persian Gulf's ancient Ethnic Diversity: An Evolutionary History" in Security in the Persian Gulf:
Origins, Obstacles and the Search for Consensus, Edited by G. Sick and L. Potter, pp. 284.

1. Mary Ann Tétreault; Gwenn Okruhlik; Andrzej Kapiszewski (201 1). Political Change in the Arab Gulf States: Stuck in
Transition ( ransition). "The
authors first focus on the politics of seven Gulf states: Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar , Saudi Arabia, and the UAE."
2. World Migration 2005 Costs and Benefits of International Migration(
C&pg=PP55&dq). International Organization for Migration. 2005. p. 53.
3. "U.S. Official to Tour Persian Gulf Arab Lands"(
-gulf-arab-lands.html). The New York Times. 1987. "A leading American diplomat will start a trip to Iraq and six other
Arab countries of the Persian Gulf region this week to discuss the Iran-Iraq war , Administration officials said today."
4. "Secretariat General of the Gulf Cooperation Council"(
5. "Big plans for small screens"( -small-screens/#.VwhXXv
l97IV). BroadcastPro Me. "Around 90% of Khaleeji productions take place in Kuwait. "
6. Papavassilopoulos, Constantinos (10 April 2014)."OSN targets new markets by enriching its Arabic content of fering" (h
ttps:// fering). IHS Inc.
7. Fattahova, Nawara (26 March 2015)."First Kuwaiti horror movie to be set in ‘haunted’ palace"(http://news.kuwaittime Kuwait Times.
8. Al Mukrashi, Fahad (22 August 2015)."Omanis turn their backs on local dramas"(
n/omanis-turn-their-backs-on-local-dramas-1.1568086). Gulf News. "Kuwait’s drama industry tops other Gulf drama as
it has very prominent actors and actresses, enough scripts and budgets, produces fifteen serials annually at least. "
9. Mansfield, Peter (1990).Kuwait: vanguard of the Gulf ( .
Hutchinson. p. 113. "Some Kuwaiti soap operas have become extremely popular and, although they are usually
performed in the Kuwaiti dialect, they have been shown with success as far away asunisia." T
10. Clive Holes (2004).Modern Arabic: Structures, Functions, and Varieties (
r1xY4TQC&pg=PA75). Georgetown University Press. p. 75.ISBN 978-1-58901-022-2.
11. Ali Alawi. "Ali's roadtrip from Bahrain to Kuwait (PHOT OS)" (
om-bahrain-to-kuwait-photos_13423). "The trip to Kuwait – a country that has built a deep connection with people in
the Persian Gulf thanks to its significant drama productions in theater , television, and even music – started with 25
kilometers of spectacular sea view"
12. "Kuwaiti Drama Museum: formulating thoughts of the Gulf"( 23 May 2014.
13. "Kuwait an urban spectacle"( . Muscat
Daily. 26 March 2015.
14. "‫( "اﻟﻠﻪ… اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻳﺎ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ‬ . Al-Jarida (in Arabic). 28 July
15. "‫ وﺗﺘﺒﺮأ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﻘﻮق ﻓﻲ "ﺑﻨﺎت ﺳﻜﺮ ﻧﺒﺎت‬.."‫( " "ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺗﺮﺣﻞ إﻟﻰ "ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮود اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬
l). MBC (in Arabic). 29 August 2015.
16. "‫ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻲ ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮد اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬: ‫( "ﻫﻴﻔﺎء ﺣﺴﻴﻦ‬
Arabic). 8 July 2015.
17. "‫ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻲ ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮد اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ وﻳﻘﺼﺪوﻧﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﺸﻬﺮة‬:‫( "ﻣﻨﻰ اﻟﺒﻠﻮﺷﻲ‬
8%A7-%D9%84%D9%84%D8%B4%D9%87%D8%B1%D8%A9) (in Arabic). 25 August 2013.
18. "‫ أﺑﺤﺚ داﺋﻤﺎ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺘﻤﻴّﺰ واﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮد اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬:‫( "ارﺣﻤﺔ ﻟـ اﻟﺸﺮق‬
Arabic). 21 December 2014.
19. " "‫ واﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ »ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮود اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬... ‫ اﻟﺪراﻣﺎ ﻣﻨﺘﻌﺸﺔ‬:"‫( "اﻟﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻟـ »اﻟﺮاي‬
6/02/03/654281/nr/kuwait). Al Rai (in Arabic). 3 February 2016.
20. "‫ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮود اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬:‫( "زﻳﻨﺐ اﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮي‬
D9%84%D8%AE%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%AC/) . Al-Anba (in Arabic). 28 February 2007.
21. "‫( "اﻟﻨﺠﻢ اﻟﻜﻮﻣﻴﺪي داوود ﺣﺴﻴﻦ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮد اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ ﻏﺼﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺧﺸﻢ أﻛﺒﺮ رأس‬
vv0hrk5mc). Scope. 26 May 2016.
22. " "‫ ﻋﺎﺗﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ »دﺑﻲ" و»أم ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‬:‫( "أﺣﻤﺪ اﻟﺠﺴﻤﻲ‬
5f158adaee3). Al Khaleej (in Arabic). 3 July 2016.
23. "!‫أﻗﺪار‬.."‫ اﻧﺠﺬاﺑﻲ ﻟـ"ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮود اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬:‫( "ﻃﻼل اﻟﺴﺪر ﻓﻲ اﻟﺪﻳﻮاﻧﻴﺔ‬
earquarter=20122). Al Watan (in Arabic). 4 April 2012.
24. "‫ ﺣﺮﻳﺼﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻧﺼﻮص ﺟﻴﺪة أﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻈﻬﻮر ﻓﻲ رﻣﻀﺎن‬:‫( "رﻳﻢ أرﺣﻤﺔ‬
991517600/). Al-Jarida (in Arabic). 7 June 2016.
25. "‫ ﻣﻮزة ﺗﻌﻴﺶ ﻓﻲ ذاﻛﺮﺗﻲ‬:‫( "وﻓﺎء ﻣﻜﻲ‬
uthor=1). Al-Qabas (in Arabic). 13 March 2009.
26. "‫ﻞ رﻗﻴﺎ ً ﻋﻦ اﻟﻔﻨﺎﻧﻴﻦ اﻟﻜﺒﺎر‬
ّ ‫ اﻟﻤﻮاﻫﺐ اﻟﺸﺎﺑﺔ ﻻ ﺗﻘ‬:‫( "ﻣﻲ أﺣﻤﺪ‬ .
Al-Jarida (in Arabic). 19 February 2010.
27. "‫ ﻟﻦ أﻧﺴﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ ﻃﺎرق اﻟﻌﻠﻲ ﻣﻌﻲ‬:‫( "!اﻹﻣﺎراﺗﻲ أﺣﻤﺪ اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ‬ Arabic). 6 March 2016.
28. "‫ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮود اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬:‫( "ﺳﻨﺎء‬ 119586&CatID=835). Al-Qabas
(in Arabic). 17 December 2015.
29. "‫ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ "ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮود اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ" ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻻﺗﻤﻠﻚ أﻛﺎدﻳﻤﻴﺔ‬:‫ ﻧﺒﻴﻞ اﻟﻔﻴﻠﻜﺎوي‬.‫ رﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ إدارة ﻧﻘﺎﺑﺔ اﻟﻔﻨﺎﻧﻴﻦ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺘﻴﺔ د‬- ‫ﻓﻴﺪﻳﻮ‬
‫( "ﻟﻠﻔﻨﻮن‬ . Al Watan (in Arabic). 22 April
30. "‫ ﻧﻔﺨﺮ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ اﻷﻣﻴﺮ ﺳﻌﻮد ﺑﻦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬:‫( "ﻓﺎﻳﺰ ﺑﻦ دﻣﺦ‬
062016). Annahar (in Arabic). 1 June 2016.
31. "‫ أﺗﻤﻨﻰ اﺳﺘﻤﺮار ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺎﺗﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺪراﻣﺎ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺘﻴﺔ‬:"‫( "اﻷردﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﺒﻴﺮ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﻟـ "اﻻﻧﺒﺎء‬
4%D9%83%D9%88%D9%8A%D8%AA%D9%8A%D8%A9/) . Al Anba (in Arabic). 12 August 2013.
32. "Kuwait Cultural Days kick off in Seoul" ( .
Kuwait News Agency(in Arabic). 18 December 2015.
33. [15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32]
34. "Iranians in Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates"( A67&d
q). Eric Andrew McCoy. pp. 67–68.
35. "Eastern Arabia Historic Photographs: Kuwait, 1900-1936"( .
Ahmad Mustafa Abu-Hakima. 1986.
36. "The Persian Gulf in History"( A12&dq). Lawrence G.
Potter. p. 12.
37. "History of eastern Arabia, 1750-1800: the rise and development of Bahrain and Kuwait" (
ks?id=v_FtAAAAMAAJ&q). Ahmad Mustafa Abu-Hakima. 1965.
38. "Labor, Nationalism and Imperialism in Eastern Arabia: Britain, the Shaikhs and the GulfilOWorkers in Bahrain,
Kuwait and Qatar, 1932-1956" ( . Hassan Mohammed
Abdulla Saleh. 1991.
39. Gerd Nonneman, "Political Reform in the Gulf Monarchies: From Liberalisation to Democratisation? A Comparative
Perspective", in Anoushiravan Ehteshami and Steven W right (eds.)(2007), Reform in the Middle East Oil Monarchies,
ISBN 978-0-86372-323-0, pp. 3-45.
40. "Freedom of the Press 2016"(
41. "2016 World Press Freedom Index"( Archived
from the original ( on 2017-02-14.
42. [1] ( -four-middle-eastern-powers-cut-diplomatic-ties-terror
43. "Global Peace Index 2016"(
44. "Diversification raises non-oil share of UAE's GDP to 71%"(
es-non-oil-share-of-uae-s-gdp-to-71-1.795268) .
45. "Oil Makes Up 2% of Dubai GDP Post-Diversification"(
46. "Bahrain: Reform-Promise and Reality"(
_Reforms.pdf) (PDF). J.E. Peterson. p. 157.
47. "Bahrain's economy praised for diversity and sustainability"( . Bahrain Economic Development Board. Archived fromthe original (htt
p:// December 28, 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
48. squander-their-resources-
indefinitely-haves-andThe economy: The haves and the have-nots

External links
Gulf Research Center

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Categories: Arabian Peninsula Persian Gulf Arab League

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