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General Psychology Exercise Log, 1st Sem AY 2017-2018

CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING

Exercise 1. Identify whether the following situations are examples of either classical or operant conditioning. If your answer is
Classical, identify the UCS, UCR, NS, CS and CR. If your answer is Operant, identify whether Positive/ Negative Reinforcement or
Positive/ Negative Punishment. Also, identify the positive/ negative reinforcer or the positive/ negative punisher. Write your
answers in the space provided.

1. Ramsay Bolton is undergoing chemotherapy. He always feels nauseated after the season and has started feeling a big
dislike of the hospital. So when his chemotherapy schedule is coming near, he would incessantly tell his parents that he
doesn’t want to go. To convince him, his parents would give Ramsay three scoops of his favorite ice cream flavor when he
agrees to go to his chemo session. It was okay at first but then, on the fourth instance, Ramsay would start to feel
nauseated when his parents gave him ice cream. Starting that day, Ramsay would feel nauseated when he sees ice cream
or even when he would just think about eating ice cream.
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2. Lola Jenessa would knock on the door four times whenever she visits her grandchildren Jeane, Mark Francis and Nerma at
their house during weekends. Although Jeane and Mark Francis really likes their Lola Jenessa, Nerma is scared of her
because she would often pinch her on the cheeks. Because of this, Nerma would feel scared when she would hear
someone knocking four times.
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3. Anteiku appreciates hard working employees and gives incentives for those who never show up late in a month. Kaneki
Ken one of the employees in Anteiku and has never showed up late since he started working three months ago. As a
result, he has received the incentive every month.
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4. Niña and Almira are both BSBA students taking the same class in General Psychology. Niña is a very quiet and aloof girl.
Chrisboy on the other hand is very lively and loud. Because of her quietness and aloofness, Chrisboy would often pick on
Niña and bully her during their General Psychology class. He would call her names and pull her hair while they are having
classes. Because of this, Niña started making absences in Gen Psych and expressed her fear in attending the class until
she had totally stopped attending her classes altogether.
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General Psychology Exercise Log, 1st Sem AY 2017-2018

5. Arcele has always experienced extreme bouts of anxiety whenever she sees a red gown. She would start feeling numb
and her mind would go blank when she sees a red gown. To overcome this, Arcele consulted Ms. Yohanon, a psychologist.
As a technique, Ms. Yohanon frequently showed edited photos and videos of Arcele and members of her family enjoying
a vacation while wearing red dresses. After several sessions and videos showing her and members of her family enjoying
while wearing a red dress, Arcele’s anxiety when seeing a red gown is replaced by images of happiness.
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6. Daryl was an excellent student. He was also a model youth in their community and was often regarded as the youth leader
in their community’s youth organization. His parents and most of the people that he interacted with often praise him and
applaud him for his upright behavior. However, when he started failing his classes and started doing unacceptable
behaviors, he was now being ignored by his parents and all the people who once praise him for his upright behavior. Only
when he reverts to his old model youth self do they try to speak to him. But when he does bad things, no one, even his
parents would not utter a single word to him.
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7. During the midsem break, Leonard and his friends decided to go on an overnight trip. They were enjoying the whole night
and was drinking Shembot while eating grilled squid. It was Leonard’s first time to try drinking Shembot while pairing it
with his favorite food, the grilled squid. He was doing fine and laughing with his friends’ jokes when Leonard suddenly felt
a very strong sensation. He was having difficulty breathing and started vomiting. His head also started spinning and was
experiencing jolts of pain in his temple. The sensations that he was feeling that time was so bad that even when he
recovered a few days after, he instantly rejected his friends’ invites to drink Shembot. Moreover, Leonard would no longer
eat his favorite, grilled squid as the smell of the squid would bring back the pain that he felt in his temple and the feeling
of nausea – same as what he experienced during their overnight trip.
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8. Carmilo is very competitive. He can tolerate anything, except for losing. When he competes, he would always give it his
all and would make sure that he wins. In all his competitions, he has never experienced defeat not until one time, when
he because too relaxed and complacent in his competitor that he actually ended up losing. Because of this experience,
Carmilo became even more focused during his competitions and did not become complacent during his competitions.

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General Psychology Exercise Log, 1st Sem AY 2017-2018

BASIC PHENOMENA IN CLASSICAL CONDITIONING

Exercise 2. Using the scenarios which you identified as classical conditioning in Exercise 1, describe the Acquisition process for each
scenario, provide a probable scenario which will exhibit generalization, discrimination, extinction, and spontaneous recovery.

Exercise 1. Number __________

Generalization Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous Recovery


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Exercise 1. Number __________

Generalization Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous Recovery


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Exercise 1. Number __________

Generalization Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous Recovery


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General Psychology Exercise Log, 1st Sem AY 2017-2018

Exercise 1. Number __________

Generalization Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous Recovery


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Exercise 1. Number __________

Generalization Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous Recovery


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Exercise 1. Number __________

Generalization Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous Recovery


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General Psychology Exercise Log, 1st Sem AY 2017-2018

Exercise 3. Using the following scenario, identify the steps which you will use to achieve the specified schedules of reinforcement
in each number.

Imagine a rat in a “Skinner box.” The Skinner Box is as plain as it can be except for a protruding lever above a food dish. A hungry
rat has been placed inside the Skinner Box and the only way that the rat can get food is to press the lever.

1. CONTINUOUS REINFORCEMENT
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2. FIXED-RATIO SCHEDULE
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3. VARIABLE-RATIO SCHEDULE
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4. FIXED-INTERVAL SCHEDULE
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5. VARIABLE-INTERVAL SCHEDULE
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