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DAFTAR ISI

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN ........................................................................... v

LEMBAR PERYATAAN .............................................................................. v

LEMBAR PERSEMBAHAN ........................................................................ v

KATA PENGANTAR .................................................................................... i

DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................................... ii

DAFTAR GAMBAR ...................................................................................... v

DAFTAR TABEL .......................................................................................... vii

BAB I. PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang ....................................................................... 1
1.2. Tujuan Penulisan .................................................................... 2
1.3. Perumusan Masalah ............................................................... 2
1.4. Tempat Praktikum .................................................................. 3
1.5. Sistematika Penulisan ............................................................ 3
BAB II. PEMBUATAN CETAKAN DAN INTI
2.1. Tujuan .................................................................................... 5
2.2. Teori Dasar ............................................................................. 5
2.3. Metodologi Praktikum ............................................................ 15
2.3.1. Skema Proses ................................................................ 15
2.3.2. Penjelasan Praktikum.................................................... 16
2.3.3. Gambar Proses .............................................................. 17
2.4. Alat dan Bahan ....................................................................... 18
2.4.1. Alat ............................................................................... 18
2.4.2. Bahan ........................................................................... 18
2.5. Pengumpulan dan Pengolahan Data ....................................... 19
2.5.1. Pengumpulan Data ....................................................... 19
2.5.2. Pengolahan Data........................................................... 19
2.6. Analisa dan Pembahasan ........................................................ 22

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2.7. Kesimpulan dan Saran ............................................................ 25
2.7.1. Kesimpulan ................................................................... 25
2.7.2. Saran ............................................................................. 26
BAB III. PENGUJIAN PASIR
3.1. Tujuan ..................................................................................... 27
3.2. Teori Dasar ............................................................................. 27
3.3. Metodologi Praktikum ............................................................ 37
3.3.1. Skema Proses ............................................................... 37
3.3.2. Penjelasan Praktikum.................................................... 41
3.3.3. Gambar Proses .............................................................. 43
3.4. Alat dan Bahan ....................................................................... 44
3.4.1. Alat ............................................................................... 44
3.4.2. Bahan ........................................................................... 45
3.5. Pengumpulan dan Pengolahan Data ....................................... 45
3.5.1 Pengumpulan Data ....................................................... 45
3.5.2 Pengolahan Data........................................................... 47
3.6. Analisa dan Pembahasan ........................................................ 51
3.7. Kesimpulan dan Saran ............................................................ 54
3.7.1. Kesimpulan ................................................................... 54
3.7.2. Saran ............................................................................. 54
BAB IV. PELEBURAN DAN PEMBEKUAN LOGAM
4.1. Tujuan ..................................................................................... 55
4.2. Teori Dasar ............................................................................. 55
4.3. Metodologi Praktikum ............................................................ 68
4.3.1. Skema Proses ................................................................ 68
4.3.2. Penjelasan Praktikum.................................................... 69
4.3.3. Gambar Proses .............................................................. 70
4.4 Alat dan Bahan ....................................................................... 71
4.4.1 Alat ............................................................................... 71
4.4.2 Bahan ........................................................................... 71
4.5 Pengumpulan Data .................................................................. 71
4.6 Analisa dan Pembahasan ........................................................ 71

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4.7 Kesimpulan ............................................................................. 73
4.7.1. Kesimpulan ................................................................... 73
4.7.2. Saran ............................................................................. 73
BAB V. ANALISA CACAT CORAN
5.1 Tujuan ..................................................................................... 74
5.2 Teori Dasar ............................................................................. 74
5.3 Metodologi Praktikum ............................................................ 81
5.3.1 Skema Proses ............................................................... 81
5.3.2 Penjelasan Praktikum.................................................... 82
5.3.3 Gambar Proses .............................................................. 82
5.4 Alat dan Bahan .......................................................................... 82
5.4.1 Alat ............................................................................... 82
5.4.2 Bahan ........................................................................... 82
5.5. Pengumpulan Data.................................................................... 83
5.6. Analisa dan Pembahasan .......................................................... 84
5.7. Kesimpulan dan Saran .............................................................. 86
5.5.1. Kesimpulan ................................................................... 86
5.5.2. Saran ............................................................................. 86

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Prosedur Pembuatan Cetakan. ...................................................... 5


Gambar 2.2 Kurva Ekspansi Thermal Beberapa Jenis Pasir. ........................... 10
Gambar 2.3 Beberapa Jenis Pola...................................................................... 14
Gambar 2.4 (a) Inti disangga dengan chaplet, (b) chaplet,
(c) hasil coran dengan lubang pada bagian dalamnya. ..................................... 15
Gambar 2.5 Skema Proses Pembuatan Cetakan dan Inti. ................................ 16
Gambar 2.6 Proses Pembuatan Cetakan dan Inti. ............................................ 17
Gambar 3.1 Prosedur Pembuatan Cetakan. ...................................................... 28
Gambar 3.2 Jenis-jenis butiran pasir. ............................................................... 29
Gambar 3.3 Skema Proses Pengujian kadar air. ............................................ 37
Gambar 3.4 Skema Proses Pengujian Kadar Lempung. .................................. 38
Gambar 3.5 Skema Proses Pengujian Kekuatan Tekan dan Geser. ................. 39
Gambar 3.6 Skema Proses Pengujian Permeabilitas Pasir. ............................. 40
Gambar 3.7 Skema Proses Pengujian Distribusi Besar Butir .......................... 40
Gambar 3.8 Proses Pengujian Kadar Air Pasir. ............................................... 43
Gambar 3.9 Proses Pengujian Kadar Lempung dan Besar Butir Pasir ............ 43
Gambar 3.10 Proses Pengujian Permeabilitas, Kekuatan Tekan dan Geser
Pasir Cetak. ...................................................................................................... 44
Gambar 3.11 Grafik Kekuatan Tekan. ............................................................. 49
Gambar 3.12 Grafik Kekuatan Geser. .............................................................. 50
Gambar 4.1 Kupola yang Digunakan untuk Peleburan Besi Tuang. ............... 58
Gambar 4.2 Jenis Tungku Krusibel. ................................................................. 61
Gambar 4.3 Tungku Induksi ............................................................................ 63
Gambar 4.4 Tanur Induksi Frekuensi Menengah ............................................. 64
Gambar 4.5 L-D dan Kaldo Blown Converter Serta Blast Furnace. ............... 65

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Gambar 4.6 Skema Proses Pembuatan Cetakan dan Inti. ................................ 68
Gambar 4.7 Proses Pembuatan Cetakan dan Inti. ............................................ 70
Gambar 5.1 Tipe Porositas. ............................................................................. 76
Gambar 5.2 Gas Defect. ................................................................................... 76
Gambar 5.3 Penyusutan. .................................................................................. 77
Gambar 5.4 Skema Proses Analisa Cacat Coran. ............................................ 81
Gambar 5.5 Proses Analisa Cacat Coran. ........................................................ 82
Gambar 5.6 Cacat Geser. ................................................................................. 83
Gambar 5.7 Cacat Porositas. ............................................................................ 83
Gambar 5.8 Cacat Shrinkage............................................................................ 83
Gambar 5.9 Cacat Permukaan Kasar ............................................................... 84
Gambar 5.10 Inklusi Pasir. ............................................................................... 84

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 2.1 Data Awal Produk Regulator Gas .................................................... 19


Tabel 3.1 Data Pengujian Kadar Air Awal ...................................................... 45
Tabel 3.2 Data Pengujian Kadar Air Akhir ...................................................... 45
Tabel 3.3 Data Pengujian Kadar Lempung Awal ............................................ 45
Tabel 3.4 Data Pengujian Kadar Lempung Akhir ............................................ 46
Tabel 3.5 Data Pengujian Kekuatan ................................................................. 46
Tabel 3.6 Data Pengujian Permeabilitas .......................................................... 46
Tabel 3.7 Data Pengujian Distribusi Besar Butir ............................................. 47
Tabel 4.1 Data Peleburan dan Pembekuan Logam .......................................... 71
Tabel 5.1 Data Analisa Coran .......................................................................... 83

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