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DAFTAR ISI

Lembar Pengesahan ...................................................................................................................... i


Kata Pengantar............................................................................................................................. ii
Daftar Isi .....................................................................................................................................iii
Daftar Gambar ............................................................................................................................. v
Daftar Tabel ................................................................................................................................ vi
BAB I........................................................................................................................................... 1
Pendahuluan ................................................................................................................................ 1
1.1. Latar Belakang .................................................................................................................. 1
1.2. Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................................................. 2
1.3. Tujuan Praktik Kerja Lapangan ........................................................................................ 2
1.4. Batasan Masalah ............................................................................................................... 3
1.5. Metode Peneliatian............................................................................................................ 3
1.6. Waktu dan Tempat Pelaksanaan ....................................................................................... 4
1.7. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan ......................................................................................... 4
BAB II ......................................................................................................................................... 6
Landasan Teori ........................................................................................................................... 6
2.1.Siklus Rankine ................................................................................................................... 6
2.2. Electrostatic Precipitator................................................................................................ 10
2.2.1. Komponen – Komponen ESP .................................................................................... 11
2.2.2. Cara Kerja .................................................................................................................. 12
2.2.3. Efisiensi Pengumpulan Debu (Dust Collection Efficiency)....................................... 17
2.3. Performance Test Code untuk ESP (ASME PTC 21-1991) .......................................... 19
2.4. Standar Baku Mutu Pencemaran untuk PLTU ............................................................... 20
BAB III ........................................................................................................................................ 4
Deskripsi Objek ........................................................................................................................... 4
3.1. Electrostatic Precipitator................................................................................................ 21
3.2. Cara Kerja ElectroStatic Precipitator ............................................................................. 21
3.3. Proses Pembentukan Medan Magnet .............................................................................. 23
3.4. Proses ESP ...................................................................................................................... 24

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3.4.1. Charging .................................................................................................................... 24
3.4.2. Pengumpulan ............................................................................................................. 24
3.4.3. Rapping...................................................................................................................... 24
3.4.4. Pengumpulan Hopper ................................................................................................ 25
3.5. Electrostatic Precipitator pada Power plant PT. ANDALAN FURNINDO .................. 25
3.5.1. Persiapan .................................................................................................................... 25
3.5.2. Start ESP ................................................................................................................... 25
3.5.3. Stop ESP .................................................................................................................... 26
3.5.4. Spesifikasi ESP .......................................................................................................... 26
3.5.5. Bagian-bagian dari Electrostatic Precipitator .......................................................... 26
3.5.5.1. Casing .............................................................................................................. 27
3.5.5.2. Hopper ............................................................................................................. 27
3.5.5.3. Collecting Electrode ......................................................................................... 27
3.5.5.4. Discharge Electrode ......................................................................................... 28
3.5.5.5. Sistem Kontrol Aliran Gas Buang .................................................................... 29
3.5.5.6. Rapper .............................................................................................................. 30
3.5.5.7. Sumber Energi Listrik ...................................................................................... 31
BAB IV ...................................................................................................................................... 32
PEMBAHASAN........................................................................................................................ 32
4.1.Flue Gas System .............................................................................................................. 32
4.2. Penggunaan Electrostatic Precipitator ........................................................................... 32
4.2.1. Grafik Pembacaan Data ............................................................................................. 33
4.3.Pengaruh penggunaan ESP terhadap industri dan lingkungan sekitar ............................ 35
BAB V ......................................................................................................................................... 4
PENUTUP ................................................................................................................................... 4
5.1. Saran ................................................................................................................................. 5
5.2. Kesimpulan ....................................................................................................................... 5

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1. Diagram Alir dan Diagram T-s Siklus Rankine Ideal Sederhana ........................... 6
Gambar 2.2. Pengaruh diturunkannya tekanan kondensor dan pemanasan lanjut uap................9
Gambar 2.3. Pengaruh penaikkan tekanan kerja boiler ............................................................. 10
Gambar 2.4. Alur kerja ESP ...................................................................................................... 12
Gambar 2.5. Diagram suplai energi listrik ESP ........................................................................ 13
Gambar 2.6. Perbandingan karakteristik pelepasan muatan untuk korona.............................. 14
Gambar 2.7. Spark antara Discharge Electrode dengan Collecting Plate ................................ 14
Gambar 2.8. Particle Charging pada ESP................................................................................. 16
Gambar 3.1 Prinsip elektrostatik pada Fly ash .......................................................................... 22
Gambar 3.2 Proses pengumpulan debu ..................................................................................... 22
Gambar 3.3 Bagian-bagian ESP ................................................................................................ 26
Gambar 3.4 Collecting Electrode .............................................................................................. 28
Gambar 3.5 Discharge Electrode .............................................................................................. 28
Gambar 3.6 Vane ....................................................................................................................... 29
Gambar 3.7 Rapper ................................................................................................................... 30
Gambar 4.1. Daily Report ........................................................................................................ 35

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DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel 2.1. Tabel Standar Baku Mutu Udara .............................................................................. 20
Tabel 4.1. Pembacaan Rata - rata .............................................................................................. 34

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