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Squaring Made Easy (But First, learn by heart squares of numbers till 30):

Lets start with 50 to 60 numbers:

51 +1 (51= 50 + 1, so separate +1 as shown & multiply)

51 +1

26 01 = 2601 (Ans) (26 is obtained as 5*5 +1= 26)

So, 512 = 2601

Quickly,

52 +2

52 +2

27 04 = 2704 So, 522= 2704 (27 is obtained as 5*5 +2= 27)

So now all can be done mentally as:

532 = 28 09

542= 29 16

552= 30 25

562= 31 36

572= 32 49

582= 33 64

592= 34 81

602= 3600

So, number 25 played a very important role here as we added unit’s place of each number
above to 25 so as to obtain first two leftmost numbers.
Now, lets do squaring of 50 to 60 numbers:

61 +11 (Here writing 61 as 50 + 11, so separated +11 as shown)

61 +11

36 121 = 37 21 ( First Multiplying 11*11=121, carrying 1 as shown; 36 is obtained as


applying the same logic as in 50-60 squares we’ve done, 25 +11=36; After adding, carry 1 in 36
we get 37)

So, if you understood the logic of squaring of 50 to 60, you’d have understood this too.

Quickly,

62 +12

62 +12

37 144 = 38 44 (25+12=37, then +1 = 38)

So now all can be done mentally as:

632= 39 69

642= 40 96

652= 42 25

662= 43 56

672= 44 89

682= 46 24

692= 47 61

702= 4900
Now for 40 to 50, applying the same logic

41 -9 (41= 50-9, so writing -9 separately)

41 -9

16 81= 1681 (9*9=81; 25-9=16)

Quickly again,

42 -8

42 -8

17 64=1764 (25-8= 17)

So now all can be done mentally as:

432= 18 49

442= 19 36

452= 20 25

462= 21 16

472= 22 09

482= 23 04

492= 24 01

502=2500
Now Squaring 30 to 40:

31 -19 (31= 50-19, so writing -19 separately)

31 -19

6 361= 961 (25-19=6; then add carry 3, we get 9)

Quickly,

32 -18

32 -18

7 324= 1024 (25-18=7, then add carry 3, we get 10)

So now all can be done mentally as:

332= 10 89

342= 11 56

352= 12 25

362= 12 96

372= 13 69

382= 14 44

392= 15 21

402=1600

So, logic is simple, it’s just that how you use it frequently during practicing of questions.

Regards,

Ish Kumar Tripathi