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Io = 0.

001
n= 0.07
q= 2.5

∆Xi = f

Xi (1-Xi) Xi + (1-Xi)(Io-(n^2*q^2)/(y^10/3))/(1-(q^2/(9,81*y))
1 0 100 0.00027
2 100 100 0.00027
3 200 100 0.00024
4 300 100 0.00021
5 400 100 0.00018
6 500 100 0.00016
7 600 100 0.00014
8 700 100 0.00012
9 800 100 0.00010
10 900 100 0.00009
11 1000 100 0.00007
12 1100 100 0.00006
13 1200 100 0.00005
14 1300 100 0.00004
15 1400 100 0.00004
16 1500 100 0.00003
17 1600 100 0.00003
18 1700 100 0.00002
19 1800 100 0.00002
20 1900 100 0.00001
21 2000 100 0.00001
22 2100 100 0.00001
23 2200 100 0.00001
24 2300 100 0.00001
25 2400 100 0.00001
26 2500 100 0.00000
27 2600 100 0.00000
Yi

f+1 Yi+(f+(f+1))/2*(∆Xi)
0.00027 3.0
0.00024 3.0
0.00021 2.9
0.00018 2.9
0.00016 2.9
0.00014 2.9
0.00012 2.9
0.00010 2.9
0.00009 2.8 aliran seragam
0.00007 2.8
0.00006 2.8
0.00005 2.8
0.00004 2.8
0.00004 2.8
0.00003 2.8
0.00003 2.8
0.00002 2.8
0.00002 2.8
0.00001 2.8
0.00001 2.8
0.00001 2.8
0.00001 2.8
0.00001 2.8
0.00001 2.8
0.00000 2.8
0.00000 2.8
0.00000 2.8

∆Xi Yi
0 3.0
100 3.0
200 2.9
300 2.9
400 2.9
500 2.9
600 2.9
700 2.9
800 2.8
900 2.8
1000 2.8
1100 2.8
1200 2.8
1300 2.8
1400 2.8
1500 2.8
Titik y dasar Saluran
0 3.00 2
100 2.97 2
200 2.95 2
300 2.92 2
400 2.90 2
500 2.89 2
600 2.87 2
700 2.86 2
800 2.85 2
900 2.84 2
1000 2.83 2
1100 2.83 2
1200 2.82 2
1300 2.82 2
1400 2.81 2
1500 2.81 2
1600 2.81 2
1700 2.80 2
1800 2.80 2
1900 2.80 2
2000 2.80 2
2100 2.80 2
2200 2.80 2
2300 2.80 2
2400 2.79 2
2500 2.79 2
2600 2.79 2
Yi
3.1

3.0

3.0

2.9

2.9

2.8

2.8

2.7
0 200 400 600 800 1000
2.8

2.8

2.7
0 200 400 600 800 1000
Q = A*1/n*R^(2/3)*I^(1/2)

Q= 20 m3/det
Io = 0.001
n= 0.025
B= 10 m
Yn = 2m
Yi = 2.02 m

A = B*Y 10*Y

P = B+2*Y 10+2*Y

R = A/P =(10*Y)/(10+2*Y)

Q = A*1/n*R^(2/3)*I^(1/2)

20 = 10*Y*(1/0,025)*(10*Y/(10+2*Y))^(2/3)*(0,001)^(1/2)

Y coba2 Q = 25

y= 2 32.09
1.98 31.62
1.96 31.15
1.94 30.68
1.92 30.21
1.9 29.74
1.88 29.28
1.86 28.82
1.84 28.36
1.82 27.90
1.8 27.45
1.78 26.99
1.76 26.54
1.74 26.09
1.72 25.65
1.7 25.20 1.70791
1.691 25.00 Yn 1.691 n
1.68 24.76
1.66 24.32 1.47359
1.64 23.88 Yn 1.459
1.62 23.44 A/(10+2*Y)
1.6 23.01 10*Y
1.58 22.58 Q=A.V Y A R
1.56 22.15 1.25 2 20 1.43
1.54 21.72 1.95 19.5 19.750 1.40 1.416
1.52 21.30 1.9 19 19.250 1.38 1.390
1.5 20.87 1.85 18.5 18.750 1.35 1.364
1.48 20.45 1.8 18 18.250 1.32 1.337
1.46 20.04 1.75 17.5 18.500 1.30 1.350
1.459 20.01 1.7 17 18.000 1.27 1.323
Y normal 1.65 16.5 17.000 1.24 1.268
1.6 16 16.500 1.21 1.240
1.55 15.5 16.000 1.18 1.212
1.5 15 15.500 1.15 1.183
1.47 14.7 15.100 1.14 1.160

L Y
1.50
- 0.40
### 0.50
### 0.60
### 0.70 1.00
### 0.80
### 0.90
### 1.00 0.50
### 1.10

-
- 5,000.00 10,000.0

L Y
- 0.40 1.50
### 0.50
### 0.60
### 0.70 1.00
### 0.80
### 0.90
### 1.00 0.50
### 1.10

-
- 5,000.00 10,000.0
0.50

-
- 5,000.00 10,000.0
Yc = ((Q/B)^2/(B^2)*9,81)^(1/3)
0.732 m

V=Q/A
(n^2*Q^2)/(A^2*R^(4/3))
V V^2/2g E ∆E If If rata Io-If ∆X L
1.250 0.0796 2.0796 0 0.000388 0 0 - -
1.282 0.0838 2.0338 0.0459 0.000403 0.000396 0.000604 75.91 75.91
1.316 0.0882 1.9882 0.0455 0.000435 0.000419 0.000581 78.38 154.29
1.351 0.0931 1.9431 0.0452 0.000470 0.000453 0.000547 82.51 236.80
1.389 0.0983 1.8983 0.0448 0.000510 0.00049 0.00051 87.75 324.56
1.429 0.1040 1.8540 0.0443 0.000490 0.0005 0.0005 88.55 413.11
1.471 0.1102 1.8102 0.0438 0.000531 0.000511 0.000489 89.48 502.59
1.515 0.1170 1.7670 0.0432 0.000630 0.000581 0.000419 103.08 605.66
1.563 0.1244 1.7244 0.0426 0.000689 0.00066 0.00034 125.03 730.69
1.613 0.1326 1.6826 0.0418 0.000756 0.000722 0.000278 150.73 881.43
1.667 0.1416 1.6416 0.0410 0.000832 0.000794 0.000206 198.86 1,080.29
1.701 0.1474 1.6174 0.0242 0.000900 0.000866 0.000134 180.11 1,260.40

Y L
0
1.50
20399.9191051296
21124.7827896991
21325.3439198572
1.00 21390.6724773713
Y 21396.0763595369
21365.9695837105
0.50 21316.0011951093

-
- 5,000.00 10,000.00 15,000.00 20,000.00 25,000.00 Y
1.20

1.00

0.80
Axis Ti tl e

0.60

0.40

Y 0.20

-
1.50 - 5,000.00 10,000.00
Axi s Ti t

Y
1.00
Y

0.50

-
- 5,000.00 10,000.00 15,000.00 20,000.00 25,000.00
0.50

-
- 5,000.00 10,000.00 15,000.00 20,000.00 25,000.00
Y
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
1.101

5,000.00 10,000.00 15,000.00 20,000.00 25,000.00


Axi s Ti tl e

Y
SOAL
saluran berbentuk segiempat dengan lebar 10 m mengalirkan debit q = 3.5 m³/detik mempunyai
kemiringan dasar saluran 0,001 dan n = 0.010 hitung profil muka air ( garis perbedaan ) yang terjadi
karena adanya bendung dimuka air kedalaman air sedikit dihulu bendung adalah 2 m. dengan metode
langkah langsung. hitungan kearah hulu dilakukan sampai kedalaman 1 % lebih besar dari kedalaman
normal

DIKETAHUI :
B = 10 m
n = 0.002
Io = 0.001
Q = 35 m3/det

A= BXY

P= B+2XY

R= A/P

2⁄3 1
1 10 Y
25 = 10 Y X 0.001
0.002 10 + 2Y

10 Y 2⁄3
Y = 0.1581
10 + 2Y

0.1581
Y = 10 Y 2⁄3
10 + 2Y

Y= 0.4 5.02
0.5 7.19
0.6 9.63
0.7 12.30
0.8 15.19
0.9 18.28
1 21.54
1.101 25.01

yn = 1.101
KEDALAMAN KRITIS

A = 10 X Y
R = A / ( 10 + 2 X Y )
V = Q/A
E = V²/2g + Y
Y normal

Y A R V V^2/2g E ∆E If If rata
0.4 4 0.37 6.25 1.99 2.39 - 0.00 -
0.5 5 4.500 0.45 0.41 5.00 1.27 1.77 0.62 0.00 0.00
0.6 6 5.500 0.54 0.50 4.17 0.88 1.48 0.29 0.00 0.00
0.7 7 6.500 0.61 0.57 3.57 0.65 1.35 0.13 0.00 0.00
0.8 8 7.500 0.69 0.65 3.13 0.50 1.30 0.05 0.00 0.00
0.9 9 7.000 0.76 0.61 2.78 0.39 1.29 0.00 0.00 0.00
1 10 8.000 0.83 0.68 2.50 0.32 1.32 (0.03) 0.00 0.00
1.101 11.01 10.005 0.90 0.83 2.27 0.26 1.36 (0.05) 0.00 0.00

L Y
- 0.4
0.50 0.5
1.10 0.6
1.80 0.7
2.60 0.8
3.50 0.9
4.50 1
5.60 1.101

Y
1.20

1.00

0.80
Axi s Ti tl e

0.60

0.40

0.20

-
- 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00
Axi s Ti tl e
detik mempunyai
bedaan ) yang terjadi
ah 2 m. dengan metode
h besar dari kedalaman
Io-If ∆X L
- - -
0.00 ### ###
0.00 724.86 ###
0.00 200.56 ###
0.00 65.33 ###
0.00 5.40 ###
0.00 (30.11) ###
0.00 (50.0) ###
Q = A*1/n*R^(2/3)*I^(1/2)

A = (B*mY)*Y (10*m*Y)*Y

P = (B+2(1+m^2*Y)

R = A/P =((5*m*Y)*Y)/(5+2(1+m^2*Y)

Q = A*1/n*R^(2/3)*I^(1/2)

40 = 5*Y*(1/0,025)*(((5*m*Y)*Y)/(5+2(1+m^2*Y))^(2/3)*(0,001)^(1/2)
m

1.25 A/(10+2*Y)
10*Y
Y A R
Q=A.V 2 20 1.43
1.95 19.5 19.750 1.40
1.9 19 19.250 1.38
1.85 18.5 18.750 1.35
1.8 18 18.250 1.32
1.75 17.5 18.500 1.30
1.7 17 18.000 1.27
Y normal 1.71 17.1 17.300 1.27

L Y
Y - 2.00
1.50 46.22 1.95
92.13 1.90
137.70 1.85
1.00
182.89 1.80
227.63 1.75
Y
0.50 271.87 1.70
263.06 1.71

-
-

00

00
0.

0.
0

0
,0

,0
20

40
-

-
20
,0
0 0.
00
40
,0
0 0.
00
Y))^(2/3)*(0,001)^(1/2)

y= 2 #REF!
1.45 #REF!
1.4 #REF!
1.35 #REF!
1.3 #REF!
1.25 #REF!
1.2 #REF!
1.15 #REF!
1.13 #REF!
1.125 #REF!
1.71 #REF!
B 25

Yc = ((Q/B)^2/(B^2)*9,81)^(1/3)
0.850 m

A/(10+2*Y) V=Q/A
(n^2*Q^2)/(A^2*R^(4/3))
V V^2/2g E ∆E If If rata Io-If
1.250 0.0796 2.0796 0 0.0000 - -
1.416 1.282 0.0838 2.0338 0.0459 0.0000 0.0000 0.0010
1.390 1.316 0.0882 1.9882 0.0455 0.0000 0.0000 0.0010
1.364 1.351 0.0931 1.9431 0.0452 0.0000 0.0000 0.0010
1.337 1.389 0.0983 1.8983 0.0448 0.0000 0.0000 0.0010
1.350 1.429 0.1040 1.8540 0.0443 0.0000 0.0000 0.0010
1.323 1.471 0.1102 1.8102 0.0438 0.0000 0.0000 0.0010
1.285 1.462 0.1089 1.8189 (0.0087) 0.0000 0.0000 0.0010
Yn = 1.123
∆X L
- -
46.2222 46.2222
45.9099 92.1321
45.5700 137.7021
45.1913 182.8934
44.7397 227.6331
44.2340 271.8672
(8.8121) 263.0551