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Vitor Henrique Garcia Alegre

São Paulo- Brazil

Climate analysis:

As could be seen in the excel Sheets and previous assignment, São Paulo
is a city with high levels of Relative Humidity, Solar Radiation and temperatures
that range from 13°C to 35°C, which is not a very wide difference, especially when
compared to other climate regions in Europe or Belgium. Another important factor
that must be considered is the wind, which is in average more present at 16h and
has as annual mean, 2,75m/s.

Olgyay Analysis:

In the following charts, it is possible to validate the comfort analysis during

wintertime (August) and Summertime (January).

Image 1-Olgyay Chart - Wintertime

Image 2-Olgyay Chart – Summetime

As could be seen, the relative humidity keeps high levels during all year,
while temperature decreases in winter. However, both charts do not take into
consideration the solar radiation and wind, and those, together, can change
completely the perceived comfort in an environment. São Paulo is a city with a
severe solar radiation, in a way that the comfort zone would be dislocated and
there would be more points in the outside area during summer (however, it’s
interesting during winter). We should also consider the action on wind, because
it has the opposite effect, being interesting during summer, but not in winter. It’s
also to keep in mind that the wind and the radiation work differently during the
hours. While the radiation is stronger on periods around noon (in average), the
wind follows this function:

Image 3-Average wind speed per hour

With those considerations in mind, we can postulate the main problems on
perceived comfort:

• High temperatures, considering wind and solar radiation during summer;
• High relative humidity;
• Small temperatures, considering wind and radiation during the afternoon
and night on wintertime;
To address those situations, we can propose some design strategies that
would collaborate to the room and residential comfort.

Design 1:

A very interesting design because it addresses the situation during

summer and winter.

Design 2:

The use of trees might be interesting, especially during summertime.

Design 3:

This solution is especially interesting for summertime, but the presence of

windows facing the right side would also be interesting to make radiation come in
during the afternoon and sundown, so the house could get warmer.
Design 4:

This concept is also interesting because it makes radiation possible to
enter during wintertime. However, it’s important that the wind can be shut out,
using a door, for example, during wintertime.

Design 5:

The usage of covered paths protects from solar radiation and offers wind
during summertime.
Design 6:

The last chosen design is the usage of a High Efficiency air conditioner, so
the indoor relative humidity would be lower and the temperature controlled.

Design of vernacular architecture analysis:

Even though that many of these designs would help the climatic comfort in
São Paulo, they aren’t normally used, since that the architecture of the city was
historically based on European designs and now it’s more modern and detached
from those standards. So, in a certain way, it is hard to point a vernacular
architecture in São Paulo.
However, for this analysis, we will focus on the “palacete paulista” style, which
is like the case of Casa das Rosas.

Normally, the palacetes had big terraces, where people could enjoy sun light
and the wind. A big number of windows is also common in those constructions,
so that the house would have light, heat from the Sun and wind during
summertime. As seen in the picture and in the “Casa das Rosas” case, richer
properties would have a garden and even a fountain, which worked as shadows
and refreshing place during daytime. It was also common to find high ceilings and
tall windows, which helped on the ventilation and heat exchange. However, some
of aesthetical standards followed by the Brazilian aristocracy limited the
possibilities and sometimes, restricted itself to models similar as the one showed

below, in a way that the climatic comfort wasn’t elevated as it could be (since the
architecture in matter better served European countries such as France and