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Modern States of Matter

As you all know, matter can be defined as something that takes up space. State of matter is a form that
matter takes on. Most of the people know about only three states of matter those are: – solid, liquid and
gas but there are some other states as well known as Modern States of Matter.

Types of states of matter: –

States of matter are divided in two types: –

Low Energy States: – Low energy states are further divided in two sub categories as followed: –
Classical States of Matter: – There are total four types of classical states: – Solid, Liquid, Gas and Plasma.
Modern States of Matter: – There are total 11 modern states of matter: –
Degenerate Matter: – In this state, matter remains under very high pressure.
Photonic Matter: – This state can be defined as a natural form in which photons form molecules by
bonding together. This state can be made artificially as well.
Quantum: – In this state of matter, the magnitude of the physical property can get affected on only certain
discrete values.
Super Conductivity: – This is a phenomenon in which, when certain materials cooled below a critical
temperature then zero electrical resistance and discharge of magnetic flux field occurs.
Quantum Spin Liquid: – This is a state of interaction of quantum spins.
String Net Liquid: – In this state of matter, atoms are arranged unstably.
Supercritical Fluid: – In this state, matter can be called neither liquid nor gas.
Bose-Einstein Condensate: – Some scientists consider Bose-Einstein condensate as a classical state of
matter and some scientists consider it one of modern state.
Fermionic Condensate: – They are somewhat similar to Bose-Einstein condensate but composed of
fermions.
Dropleton: – It is a quasiparticle as it comprises of both electrons and holes inside a semiconductor.
Jahn-Teller Metal: – This state shows some characteristics of an insulator but acts as a conductor.
Very High Energy States: – There is one state of matter that is very high energy state, Quark-gluon
plasma.