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Analisis Faktor Risiko Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 yang Mempengaruhi Kualitas Hidup Pasien

Dwi Yuliawati.1, Zulfachmi Wahab2, Arum Kartikadewi3

ABSTRAK
Latar Belakang: Prevalensi penderita DM yang semakin meningkat berkaitan dengan faktor risiko. Faktor risiko
penderita akan berdampak pada kualitas hidup.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis faktor risiko yang
mempengaruhi kualitas hidup pasien DM tipe 2 di RSUD Tugurejo Semarang.

Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampling
menggunakan teknik consecutive-sampling. Faktor risiko berupa kontrol gula darah, profil lipid, tekanan darah,
indeks massa tubuh, riwayat merokok dan aktivitas fisik. Analisis kualitas hidup menggunakan DQOL. Analisis
statistik menggunakan uji Chi-Square dan Regresi Logistik dengan tingkat kemaknaan 0,05 dan interval
kepercayaan 95%.

Hasil: Dari 54 sampel didapatkan pengaruh yang signifikan antara kontrol gula darah (p=0,000), profil lipid
(p=0,010), tekanan darah (p=0,000), riwayat merokok (p=0,027) dan aktifitas fisik (p=0,005) terhadap kualitas
hidup pasien DM tipe 2, dengan persamaan regresi logistik y= -4,778 +5,269 (kontrol gula darah) +-2,710
(profil lipid) +4,371 (tekanan darah) +3,808 (riwayat merokok) +2,608 (aktivitas fisik).

Kesimpulan:Kualitas hidup berhubungan dengan kontrol gula darah, profil lipid, tekanan darah, riwayat merokok
dan aktifitas fisik.

Kata Kunci: faktor risiko DM, DM tipe 2, kualitas hidup


1
Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang
2
Staf Pengajar Bagian Ilmu Penyakit Dalam Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang
3
Staf Pengajar Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang
Risk Factors Analysis of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 that Affects to the Quality of life of Patients
Dwi Yuliawati.1, Zulfachmi Wahab2, Arum Kartikadewi3

ABSTRACT
Background:The increasing prevalence of DM is related to the risk factors. The risk factors patients would have an
impact on the quality of life. The purpose of this research is analyzing risk factors that affect to the quality of life
patient DM type 2 in Tugurejo hospital, Semarang.

Methods: This research was used observational analytic method by the cross sectional approach. The sampling
method was used consecutive sampling technique. The risk factors were blood sugar control, lipid profile, blood
pressure, mass of body index, smoke habits and physical activity as well as the quality of life which analyzed by
DQOL. Data analysis was analyzed with chi-square test and logistic regression in a statistical analysis with 0,05
significance level and 95% confidence intervals.

Results: From of 54 sample, factor which have significant influence to quality of life patients DM type 2 are blood
sugar control (p = 0,000), lipid profile (p = 0,010), blood pressure (p=0,000), smoke habits (p = 0,027) and
physical activity (p = 0,005) with regression logistics equation y = -4,778 + 5,269 (control of blood sugar) + -
2,710 (lipid profile) + 4,371 (blood pressure) + 3,808 (smoke habits) + 2,608 (physical activity).

Conclusion: Quality of life relate to blood sugar conrol, lipid profile,blood pressure, smoke habits and physical
activity.

Keywords: Risk factors DM, DM type 2, quality of life


1
Undergraduate Student of Medical Faculty of Muhammadiyah University Semarang
2
Lecturer of Internist at Medical Faculty of Muhammadiyah University Semarang
3
Lecture at Medical Faculty of Muhammadiyah University Semarang