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PRAMBANAN TEMPLE

Prambanan Temple or Roro Jonggrang Temple is the largest Hindu temple complex in
Indonesia built in the 9th century AD. This temple is dedicated to Trimurti, the three major
Hindu gods of Brahma as the creator god, Vishnu as the nurturing deity, and Shiva as the god
of destruction. Based on the inscription of Siwagrha the original name of this temple complex
is Siwagrha (Sanskrit meaning 'House of Shiva'), and indeed in garbagriha (main room) this
temple is located at the statue of Shiva Mahadewa as high as three meters indicating that in
this temple Shiva god is preferred.
The temple complex is located in Prambanan, Sleman and Prambanan sub-districts, Klaten,
approximately 17 kilometers north-east of Yogyakarta, 50 kilometers southwest of Surakarta
and 120 kilometers south of Semarang, just on the border between Central Java province and
Yogyakarta Special Region. Its location is very unique, Prambanan Temple is located in the
administrative area of Bokoharjo village, Prambanan, Sleman, while the entrance of the
Prambanan temple complex is located in the administrative area of Tlogo village, Prambanan,
Klaten.
This temple is including UNESCO World Heritage Site, the largest Hindu temple in
Indonesia, as well as one of the most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia. The architecture of
this building is tall and slender in accordance with the Hindu architecture in general with the
Shiva temple as the main temple has a height reaching 47 meters looming in the middle of a
smaller cluster of temple complexes. As one of the grandest temples in Southeast Asia,
Prambanan temple attracts tourists from all over the world.
Borobudur temple

Borobudur is a Buddhist temple located in Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.


This temple is located at approximately 100 km to the southwest of Semarang, 86 km west of
Surakarta, and 40 km to the northwest of Yogyakarta. This stupa-shaped temple was founded
by Mahayana Buddhists around the 8th century during the reign of Shililendra. Borobudur is
the largest Buddhist temple or temple in the world, as well as one of the largest Buddhist
monuments in the world.

This monument consists of six square terraces on which there are three circular courtyard, the
walls are decorated with 2,672 relief panels and originally there are 504 Buddha statues.
Borobudur has the most complete and complete collection of Buddhist reliefs in the world.
The largest main stupa in the middle as well crowns this building, surrounded by three
circular rows of 72 perforated stupas in which there is a buddha statue sitting cross-legged in
a perfect lotus position with mudra (hand attitude) Dharmachakra mudra (rotating wheel
dharma).

This monument is a model of the universe and built as a sacred place to glorify Buddha as
well as serve as a place of pilgrimage to guide mankind from the world of carnal lust to
enlightenment and wisdom according to Buddhism. Pilgrims enter through the eastern side to
begin the ritual at the base of the temple by walking around this sacred building clockwise,
while continuing up the next steps through three levels of realm in Buddhist cosmology. The
three levels are Kāmadhātu (lust of nature), Rupadhatu (tangible realm), and Arupadhatu
(intangible realm). In this journey pilgrims walk through a series of alleys and staircases by
witnessing no less than 1,460 beautiful relief panels engraved on the walls and balustrades.

According to historical evidence, Borobudur was abandoned in the 14th century with the
weak influence of Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms in Java and the influx of Islamic influence.
The world began to realize the existence of this building since found in 1814 by Sir Thomas
Stamford Raffles, then serving as Governor-General of England over Java. Since then
Borobudur has undergone a series of rescue and restoration efforts. The largest restoration
project was held in the period 1975 to 1982 for the efforts of the Government of the Republic
of Indonesia and UNESCO, then this historic site included in the list of World Heritage
Sites.Borobudur is still used as a place of religious pilgrimage; every year Buddhists who
come from all over Indonesia and abroad gather in Borobudur to commemorate the Trisuci
Waisak. In the world of tourism, Borobudur is the single most visited tourist attraction in
Indonesia.

Muara Takus Temple

Muara Takus Temple site is a Buddhist temple site located in Muara Takus village, District
XIII Koto, Kampar regency, Riau, Indonesia. This site is located approximately 135
kilometers from Pekanbaru City.
Muara Takus Temple site is surrounded by a 74 x 74 meter wall, made of white stone with a
wall height of ± 80 cm, outside the area there is also a wall of land measuring 1.5 x 1.5
kilometers, surround this complex to the edge of Kampar River Right. Inside this complex
there are several temple buildings called the Candi ukulung / tua, Candi Bungsu, Mahligai
Stupa and Palangka.
Archaeologists have not been able to determine exactly when the site of this temple was
founded. Some say the 4th century, some say the 7th century, the 9th century even in the 11th
century. But this temple is considered to have existed in the golden age of Sriwijaya, so some
historians consider this area is one of the central government of the kingdom of Srivijaya.
In 2009 Muara Takus temple was nominated to become one of the UNESCO World Heritage
Sites.

TEMPLE GEND

Mendut Temple is a Buddhist-patterned temple. The temple located at Jalan Mayor Kusen
Kota Mungkid, Magelang regency, Central Java, is located about 3 kilometers from
Borobudur temple.7 ° 36'17.17 "LU 110 ° 13'48.01" East
Production period

Mendut temple ruins before being restored, in 1880.


Mendut Temple was established during the reign of King Indra of the dynasty Syailendra. In
the inscription Karangtengah that bertarikh 824 AD, mentioned that the king Indra has built a
sacred building called wenuwana which means bamboo forest. By a Dutch archaeologist
named J.G. de Casparis, this word is connected with Mendut Temple.

Architectural temple
The building material of the temple is actually a brick that is covered with natural stone. The
building is located on a high basement, so it looks more graceful and sturdy. The stairs go up
and the entrance faces southwest. Above the basement there is a corridor that surrounds the
body of the temple. The roof is three stories high and decorated with small stupas. The
number of small stupas attached now is 48 pieces. The building height is 26.4 meters.

Decoration on Mendut temple


Three statues in Mendut temple, statue of Dhyani Buddha Wairocana flanked by
Boddhisatwa Awalokiteswara and Wajrapani.
The decoration of Mendut temple is in the form of alternating ornaments. Decorated with
carvings of celestial beings in the form of the gods of algebra and apsara or apsara, two apes
and an eagle.
On either side of the ladder there are reliefs of Pancatantra and Jataka stories.
Hariti.
The walls of the temple are decorated with Boddhisatwa reliefs among them Awalokiteśwara,
Maitreya, Wajrapāṇi and Manjuśri. On the walls of the temple's body there are reliefs of
kalpataru, two angels, Harītī (a repentant yaksi and then following the Buddha) and Āţawaka.
Buddha in the dharmacakramudra position.
Inside the temple there is a large Buddha statue of three: Dhyani Buddha Wairocana with the
attitude of the hand (mudra) dharmacakramudra. In front of the Buddha statue is a wheel-
shaped relief and flanked by a pair of deer, the emblem of the Buddha. To the left there are
the statues of Awalokiteśwara (Padmapāņi) and to the right of the Wajrapāņi statue.

SEWU TEMPLE

Sewu Temple is located in Hamlet Bener, Bugisan Village, Prambanan Sub-district, Klaten
District, Central Java Province. From the city of Yogyakarta is about 17 km to Solo. Sewu
Temple is a cluster of temples adjacent to the Prambanan Temple, which is approximately
800 meters south of Rara Jongrang statue.
This temple is estimated to be built in the 8th century, on the orders of the rulers of the
Mataram kingdom at that time, namely Rakai Panangkaran (746-784 M) and Hindu Rakai
Pikatan. Although the king is Hindu, the Mataram kingdom in the period of strong influence
from the Buddhist Syailendra Sangya. Experts suspect that Sewu Temple is a center of
religious activities of Buddhist communities. The allegations are based on the contents of the
andesite stone inscription found in one of the ancillary temples. Inscription written in Old
Malay language and berangka year 792 Saka is known by the name Manjusrigrta Inscription.
In the inscription is told about prasada perfection activities called Wajrasana Manjusrigrha in
714 Saka (792 AD). The name Manjusri is also mentioned in the 782 Masah Prasasti found
near Lumbung Temple.

Sewu Temple is located side by side with Prambanan Temple, so now Sewu Temple is
included in Prambanan Temple tourist area. In the area of the tourist area there are also
Lumbung Temple and Bubrah Temple. Not far from the area there are also some other
temples, namely: Gana Temple, about 300 m to the east, Temple Kulon about 300 m to the
west, and Lor Temple about 200 m to the north. The location of Sewu temple, the largest
Buddhist temple after the Borobudur temple, with the Prambanan temple, which is a Hindu
temple, shows that at that time Hindu and Buddhist communities lived side by side in
harmony.