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2000

STANDARD for SOUND RATING


AND SOUND
TRANSMISSION
LOSS OF
PACKAGED
TERMINAL
EQUIPMENT

Standard 300

4301 NORTH FAIRFAX DRIVE • ARLINGTON, VIRGINIA 22203


IMPORTANT

SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS

It is strongly recommended that the product be designed, constructed, assembled and installed in accordance with
nationally recognized safety requirements appropriate for products covered by this standard.

ARI, as a manufacturers’ trade association, uses its best efforts to develop standards employing state-of-the-art and
accepted industry practices. However, ARI does not certify or guarantee safety of any products, components or
systems designed, tested, rated, installed or operated in accordance with these standards or that any tests conducted
under its standards will be non-hazardous or free from risk.

Note:

This standard supersedes ARI Standard 300-88.

Note:

This version of the standard differs from the 1988 version of the standard in the following:

a. The single number Sound Rating (SRARI) in bels has been replaced by a Sound Rating comprised of
a set of Sound Power Levels expressed in decibels (dB). The set of Sound Power Levels include
Octave Band Sound Power Levels (LW(n)), an A-Weighted Sound Power Level (LWA), and a Tone
Adjusted A-Weighted Sound Power Level (LWAT). The Sound Power Levels used for the Sound
Rating are all determined from the same One-Third Octave Band sound pressure measurements
that are required in the 1988 version of the standard.

b. The Reference Sound Source used in the sound test is calibrated in accordance with ARI Standard
250.

c. ARI Standard 280 has been incorporated for obtaining optional sound data below 100 Hz.

d. This standard includes the addition of an Outdoor-Indoor Transmission Class (OITC). The OITC
is provided in both overall A-Weighted and One-Third Octave Band forms. Future editions of this
standard will eliminate the use of Sound Transmission Class (STC) in lieu of the more appropriate
OITC.

Price $10.00 (M) $20.00 (NM) ©Copyright 2000, by Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute
Printed in U.S.A. Registered United States Patent and Trademark Office
TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION PAGE

Section 1. Purpose........................................................................................................................... 1

Section 2. Scope.............................................................................................................................. 1

Section 3. Definitions ..................................................................................................................... 1

Section 4. Test Requirements ......................................................................................................... 2

Section 5. Rating Requirements...................................................................................................... 2

Section 6. Minimum Data Requirements for Published Ratings .................................................... 3

Section 7. Conformance Conditions ............................................................................................... 3

APPENDICES

Appendix A. References - Normative ................................................................................................. 4

Appendix B. References – Informative ............................................................................................... 5


ARI STANDARD 300-2000

SOUND RATING AND SOUND TRANSMISSION LOSS


OF PACKAGED TERMINAL EQUIPMENT
Section 1. Purpose 3.3 One-Third Octave Band. A band of sound covering a
range of frequencies such that the highest frequency is the
1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this standard is to establish a cube root of two times the lowest. The One-Third Octave
method to determine the Sound Rating of both the indoor and Bands used in this standard are those as defined in ANSI
outdoor portions of Packaged Terminal Equipment. The Standard S1.11.
Sound Rating is comprised of a set of Sound Power Levels
that include Octave Band Sound Power Levels; an A- 3.4 Outdoor-Indoor Transmission Class (OITC). The
Weighted Sound Power Level; and a Tone-Adjusted A- A-Weighted sound reduction calculated using its sound
Weighted Sound Power Level. transmission loss in the range of 80 to 4000 Hz, as measured
in accordance with ASTM Test Method E90 and ASTM
Additionally, this standard establishes a method to determine Guide E966.
sound transmission loss for Packaged Terminal Equipment.
3.5 Packaged Terminal Air Conditioner. A wall sleeve
Established are definitions; test requirements; rating and a separate unencased combination of heating and cooling
requirements; minimum data requirements for Published assemblies specified by the builder and intended for mounting
Ratings; and conformance conditions. through the wall. It includes a prime source of refrigeration,
separable outdoor louvers, forced ventilation and heating
1.1.1 Intent. This standard is intended for the availability by purchaser’s choice of at least hot water, steam
guidance of the industry, including manufacturers, or electric resistance heat.
engineers, installers, contractors and users.
3.6 Packaged Terminal Heat Pump. A separate unencased
1.1.2 Review and Amendment. This standard is refrigeration system installed in a cabinet of similar function
subject to review and amendment as technology and configuration to that of a packaged terminal air
advances. conditioner. It utilizes reverse cycle refrigeration as its prime
heat source and has other supplementary heat source
availability by purchaser’s with the choice of hot water, steam
Section 2. Scope or electric resistance heat.

2.1 Scope. This standard applies to Packaged Terminal 3.7 Published Ratings. A statement of the assigned values
Equipment as defined in ARI Standard 310/380. of those performance characteristics, under stated rating
conditions, by which a unit may be chosen to fit its
application. These values apply to all units of like nominal
Section 3. Definitions size and type (identification) produced by the same
manufacturer. As used herein, the term Published Rating
Definitions. All terms in this document shall follow the includes the rating of all performance characteristics shown
standard industry definitions in the current edition of on the unit or published in specifications, advertising or other
ASHRAE Terminology of Heating, Ventilation, Air literature controlled by the manufacturer, at stated rating
Conditioning and Refrigeration, unless otherwise defined in conditions.
this section.
3.7.1 Application Rating. A rating based on tests
3.1 A-Weighting. A frequency weighting applied to One- performed at Application Rating Conditions (other
Third Octave Band data in accordance with the provisions of than Standard Rating Conditions).
ANSI Standard S1.4A Amendment to ANSI S1.4.
3.7.2 Standard Rating. A rating based on tests
3.2 Octave Band. A band of sound covering a range of performed at Standard Rating Conditions.
frequencies such that the highest is twice the lowest. The
Octave Bands used in this standard are those defined in ANSI 3.8 Reference Sound Source (RSS). A portable,
Standard S1.11. aerodynamic sound source that produces a known stable
broad band sound power output. The device shall meet the
performance requirements as defined in ARI Standard 250.

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ARI STANDARD 300-2000

3.9 AShall@ or AShould.@ AShall@ or Ashould@ shall be 4.1.1 Sound Power Levels shall be determined in
interpreted as follows. decibels re 1 pW for the One-Third Octave Bands with
center frequencies from 100 to 10,000 Hz.
3.9.1 Shall. Where Ashall@ or Ashall not@ is used for Throughout this frequency range, the laboratory
a provision specified, that provision is mandatory if facility shall have been qualified for pure tone
compliance with the standard is claimed. response in accordance with ANSI Standard S12.32
using frequency rather than noise source position as
3.9.2 Should. AShould@ is used to indicate the independent variable.
provisions which are not mandatory but which are
desirable as good practice. 4.1.1.1 Sound Power Levels measured
and recorded in the optional 50, 63, and 80
3.10 Sound Power Level, LW. This is ten times the Hz One-Third Octave Bands are determined
logarithm to the base ten of the ratio of the sound power in accordance with ARI Standard 280.
radiated by the source to a reference power, expressed in
decibels (dB). The reference power used in this standard is 1 4.1.2 Sound tests for the determination of sound
picowatt (1 pW). transmission loss shall be conducted in accordance
with ASTM Standards E90 and E1332.
3.11 Sound Pressure Level, Lp. This is twenty times the
logarithm to the base ten of the ratio of a given pressure to a 4.1.3 Indoor/outdoor sound tests shall be
reference sound pressure of 20µPa, expressed in decibels conducted in accordance with ARI Standards 350 and
(dB). 270 respectively.

3.12 Sound Rating. A set of values that characterize the 4.2 Mounting of Equipment for Testing.
sound behavior of a unit. For this standard, the Sound Rating
is comprised of a set of Sound Power Levels that are derived 4.2.1 Indoor Sound Rating. The unit shall be
from measured One-Third Octave Band Sound Pressure mounted in accordance with the provisions of ARI
Levels. Sound Power Levels include Octave Band Sound Standard 350.
Power Levels; an A-Weighted Sound Power Level; and a
Tone Adjusted A-Weighted Sound Power Level. 4.2.2 Outdoor Sound Rating. The unit shall be
mounted to have the minimum protrusion outdoors as
3.12.1 Application Sound Rating. A set of Sound recommended by the manufacturer. In no case shall
Power Levels that characterize the sound behavior at the unit be recessed.
conditions other than Standard Rating Conditions.
4.2.3 Sound Transmission Loss. The unit shall be
3.12.2 Standard Sound Rating. A set of Sound mounted in accordance with the provisions of ASTM
Power Levels that characterize the sound behavior at Standard E90 with the unit not running and with the
Standard Rating Conditions. damper closed. This rating shall be calculated using
the area of the outside dimensions of that portion of
3.13 Sound Transmission Class (STC). A single-number the wall sleeve that penetrates the outer face of the
descriptor derived from sound transmission loss values in wall.
accordance with the method described in ASTM Standard
E413.
Section 5. Rating Requirements
3.14 Tone Adjustment. An adjustment made to the One-
Third Octave Band data to account for the subjective 5.1 Sound Rating. The Sound Rating is a set of Sound
response to discrete frequencies (pure tones). Power Levels derived from the One-Third Octave Sound
Power Levels determined in Section 4. Sound Power Levels
include Octave Band Sound Power Levels; an A-Weighted
Section 4. Test Requirements Sound Power Level; and a Tone Adjusted A-Weighted Sound
Power Level.
4.1 Test Requirements. All sound tests used to determine
or verify indoor and outdoor Sound Ratings shall be 5.2 Sound Transmission Loss. This standard employs
conducted in accordance with ANSI Standard S12.32, using three distinct characterizations for sound transmission loss:
the comparison method and a Reference Sound Source a. One-Third Octave Band
calibrated in accordance with ARI Standard 250. b. Sound Transmission Class (STC)
c. Outdoor-Indoor Transmission Class (OITC)

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ARI STANDARD 300-2000

5.3 Rating Requirements. Indoor Sound Ratings shall be 6.2 Published Sound Ratings. Published Sound Rating
determined in accordance with the provisions of ARI shall be comprised of a set of Sound Power Levels that
Standard 350. Outdoor Sound Ratings shall be determined in include Octave Band Sound Power Levels; an A-Weighted
accordance with the provisions of ARI Standard 270. Sound Sound Power Level; and a Tone-Adjusted A-Weighted Sound
Transmission Class (STC) shall be determined in accordance Power Level.
with ASTM Standard E413. Outdoor-Indoor Transmission
Class (OITC) shall be determined in accordance with ASTM Published Sound Ratings shall be reported for the frequency
Standard E1332. range from 100 to 10,000 Hz. If optional low frequency data
is included, it shall be clearly designated. Published Sound
5.4 Application Ratings. Application Sound Ratings for Ratings shall be expressed in decibels rounded to the nearest
conditions other than standard shall be based upon tests 1.0 dB. Whenever ratings are published or printed, they shall
conducted at those conditions. include or be accompanied by the Standard Sound Rating,
clearly designated as such. Published Application Ratings
5.5 Rating Tolerances. Any equipment selected at random shall include a statement of the conditions at which the ratings
and tested in a suitably qualified laboratory in accordance apply. The determination of Published Sound Ratings solely
with this standard, shall not have a Sound Rating higher than the responsibility of the manufacturer.
its published Sound Rating and shall not have STC and OITC
values less than its published Standard STC and OITC values
Section 7. Conformance Conditions

Section 6. Minimum Data Requirements for 7.1 Conformance. While conformance with this standard
Published Ratings is voluntary, conformance shall not be claimed or implied for
products or equipment within its Purpose (Section 1) and
6.1 Published Ratings. Published Ratings shall include all Scope (Section 2) unless such claims meet all of the
Standard Ratings. All claims to ratings within the scope of requirements of the standard.
this standard shall include the verbiage “Rated in accordance
with ARI Standard 300”. All claims to ratings outside the
scope of this standard shall include the verbiage “Outside the
scope of ARI Standard 300”. Wherever Application Ratings
are published or printed, they shall include a statement of the
conditions at which the ratings apply.

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ARI STANDARD 300-2000

APPENDIX A. REFERENCES - NORMATIVE


A1 Listed here are all standards, handbooks and other A1.8 ARI Standard 310/380-93, Packaged
publications essential to the formation and implementation Terminal Air-Conditioners and Heat Pumps, 1993,
of the standards. All references in this appendix are Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute, 4301
considered as part of the standard. North Fairfax Drive, Suite 425, Arlington, VA
22203, U.S.A. (CSA-C744-93) (ANSI/ARI 310/380-
A1.1 ANSI Standard S1.4A-1985 (R1990), 93).
Amendment to ANSI Standard S1.4-1983 (R1994)
Sound Level Meters, 1990, American National A1.9 ARI Standard 350-2000, Sound Rating of
Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Street, New York, Non-Ducted Indoor Air-Conditioning Equipment,
NY 19936, U.S.A. 2000, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute,
4301 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 425, Arlington, VA
A1.2 ANSI Standard S1.11-1986 (R1993), 22203, U.S.A.
Specifications for Octave-Band and Fractional
Octave-Band Analog and Digital Filters, 1993, A1.10 ASHRAE Terminology of Heating,
American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration,
Street, New York, NY 10036, U.S.A. Second Edition, 1991, American Society of Heating,
Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.,
A1.3 ANSI Standard S12.32-1990 (R1996), 1791 Tullie Circle N.E., Atlanta, GA 30329, U.S.A.
Precision Methods for the Determination of Discrete-
Frequency and Narrow-Band Noise Sources in A1.11 ASTM Standard E90-90, Standard Test
Reverberation Rooms, 1996, American National Method for Laboratory Measurement of Airborne
Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Street, New York, Sound Transmission Loss of Building Partitions,
NY 10036, U.S.A. 1990, American Society for Testing and Materials,
100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA
A1.4 ARI Standard 110-97, Air-Conditioning and 19428-2959, U.S.A.
Refrigerating Equipment Nameplate Voltage, Air-
Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute, 1997, 4301 A1.12 ASTM Standard E413-87 (R1994),
North Fairfax Drive, Suite 425, Arlington, VA Classification for Rating Sound Insulation, 1994,
22203, U.S.A. American Society for Testing and Materials, 100
Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-
A1.5 ARI Standard 250-2001, Performance and 2959, U.S.A.
Calibration of Reference Sound Sources, 2001, Air-
Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute, 4301 North A1.13 ASTM Standard E966-92, Standard Guide
Fairfax Drive, Suite 425, Arlington, VA 22203, for Field Measurement of Airborne Sound Insulation
U.S.A. of Building Facades and Facade Elements, 1992,
American Society for Testing and Materials, 100
A1.6 ARI Standard 270-95, Sound Rating of Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-
Outdoor Unitary Equipment, 1995, Air-Conditioning 2959, U.S.A.
and Refrigeration Institute, 4301 North Fairfax Drive,
Suite 425, Arlington, VA 22203, U.S.A. A1.14 ASTM Standard E1332-90 (R1994),
Determination of Outdoor-Indoor Transmission
A1.7 ARI Standard 280-95, Requirements for the Class, 1994, American Society for Testing and
Qualification of Reverberant Rooms in the 63 Hz Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West
Octave Band, 1995, Air-Conditioning and Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, U.S.A.
Refrigeration Institute, 4301 North Fairfax Drive,
Suite 425, Arlington, VA 22203, U.S.A. A1.15 IEC Standard Publication 38, IEC Standard
Voltages, International Electrotechnical Commission,
1983, 3, rue de Varembe, P.O. 131, 1211 Geneva 20,
Switzerland.

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ARI STANDARD 300-2000

APPENDIX B. REFERENCES – INFORMATIVE

None