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1. Tank A containing water. If you open the valve C what will be the tank A level?

(1) Level will go up (2) Will go down (3) Will not change

2. Bellow the figure what is the reading of PSI and what do you mean by PSIG?

3. Which of the following three required making a fire triangle?


(1) Heat (2) Fuel (3) Temperature (4) Oxygen
4. Which two are flammable?
(1) Methane (2) Hydrogen (3) Nitrogen (4) Oxygen
5. When vaporization will start?
At (1) Dew point (2) Flash point (3) Bubble point (4) Melting point
6. Maximum temperature is at
(1) Dew point (2) Flash point (3) Bubble point (4) Fire point
7. If we want to empty a tank by 7000 gpm capacity pump, what time is required to empty the
60000 barrel capacity tank?
(1) 36 hrs (2) 12hrs (3) 6hrs (4) 1 hrs
8. If one motor can run with 66000 rotation/h, what will be the Motor name plate RPM?
(1) 6000rpm (2) 1100rpm (3) 33000rpm (4) 66000rpm
9. What is the indication of the Valve? Open or close

10. Current 250A and 480 Volt and power factor 0.9; what will be the power?
P=VoltXCurrentXPowerFactor= VI Cosθ= 250AX480VX0.9=…… Watt.
11. If a 20 m tank contain 12m liquid what will be the % of liquid?
(1) 80% (2) 70% (3) 60% (4) 50%

MD. ZAHANGIR ALAM  July 9, 2012  1
 
12. Fill up the names of the following safety equipment.

See more at
http://www.google.com/search?num=10&hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&q=safety+
signs&oq=Safety&gs_l=img.3.1.0l10.218.1062.0.3841.6.5.0.1.1.0.187.297.0j2.2.0...0.0.Wni-
2yIUVwk&biw=1152&bih=692&sei=gBP7T_n2LMPLrQeI7NzFBg

http://www.google.com/search?num=10&hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&q=safety+
signs&oq=Safety&gs_l=img.3.1.0l10.218.1062.0.3841.6.5.0.1.1.0.187.297.0j2.2.0...0.0.Wni-
2yIUVwk&biw=1152&bih=692&sei=gBP7T_n2LMPLrQeI7NzFBg#hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=i
sch&sa=1&q=safety+symbols&oq=safety+simbols&gs_l=img.3.0.0i10i24.10354.11416.0.12447
.5.5.0.0.0.0.141.501.0j4.4.0...0.0.y6ZRBHjYck0&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.,cf.osb&fp=d130e
41595275f9a&biw=1152&bih=692

13. What will be the standard safety shoe for the feet?
(1) Rubber shoes (2) Lather shoes (3) Steel shoes (4) Shoes with steel toes
14. You are going to empty the tank, when you open the valve its start to oil drop. What you will
do?
(1) Take your time (2) Start shouting (3) Close the valve (4) Call the friends

15. To check the thickness of pipeline, what will be the measuring tool?
(1) Micrometer (2) Manometer (3) Barometer (4) Tachometer
16. Which one is member of LNG?
(1) Propane (2) Methane (3) Butene (4) Ethylene
17. Vassal A containing 240 psi pressure, what will be the pressure at vassal B & C

18. What is the difference between Pump and Compressor?


19. What is the main component of the centrifugal pump?
(a) Drive shaft (b) Impeller (c) Casing (d) Suction & Discharge port

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(i) a & b (ii) b & c (iii) b & d (iv) all of them (v) None of them
20. When the energy produce from Heat energy, then it will be?
(1) Machine (2) Engine
21. Which does convert rotational energy into mechanical energy? __motor___________
22. What is the meaning of DCS?
(1) Distributed control system (2) Difference control system (3) Data control system
23. What is the meaning of the following words?
PPM, API, IEEE, ASTM, MMSCF
24. PV= nRT this formula is the ……………… Gas.
25. If a liquid contain pH value of 9.3, this liquid will be acid.-True/ False
26. To measure a liquid flow, which one is not required to count?
(1) Temperature (2) Velocity (3) Volume (4) pH value

27. What kind of parameters is related to Gas plant?


(1) Temperature, Pressure, Flow, Level
(2) Weight, speed, Acceleration
(3) Power load, voltage, current
28. If the absolute pressure 1035 Kpa, what will be the gauge pressure in atm?
29. - 40°C equal to ……-40. °F?
30. 1Mscf=10,000 /500/400/None Cubic feet.
31. Which method is used to define flammability of gas mixed with air?.----LEL/HEL/NEL
32. Which is not hydrocarbon in natural gas----CO2/C6H6/CnH5.
33. Which one has the component “Carborator”?
(1) Petrol engine (2) Diesel engine
34. Write down the relationship between Specific gravity and API gravity? A liquid has the value
of 42ºAPI. What is its Sp. Gravity?
35. One liquid petroleum sample is measured by API gravity meter and has the value of 40ºAPI.
API gravity meter is one kind of …..(1) Hydrometer (2) Gravity meter (3) Lactometer
36. Which valve is able to control fluid flow precisely?
(1) Globe valve (2) Butterfly valve (3) Ball valve (4) Needle valve
37. The unit of Kinematic viscosity is cp; what is the unit of Absolute viscosity?
38. Which one is true?
(1) Propane is lighter than Methane
(2) Methane is as light as air
(3) Ethane is heavier than Butene
(4) Propane is heavier than air
39. Which pump will produce higher pressure at discharge point?
(1) Centrifugal pump (2) Rotary pump (3) Diaphragm pump
40. Write down the three hand tools commonly used in Gas Plant.
41. If voltage increases, resistance will increase/decrease?
42. Which diameter Tubes can sustain much high pressure :
(1) 2” ID tube (2) 1”ID tube (3) ½”ID (4) ¾”ID
43. Which one is a flow meter?
(1) Manometer (2) Thermometer (3) Viscometer (4) Turbine meter
44. One level was showing 45%. This is ……. value?
(1) Analog (2) Digital (3) Discrete (4) None of them

MD. ZAHANGIR ALAM  July 9, 2012  3
 
45. Match up the following:
1) Outlook a) Document
2) MS Excel b) E-mail
3) MS word c) Spreadsheet
4) Power point d) Data
5) MS Access e) Slide show
API  American Petroleum Institute

PPE  Personal Protective Equipment

COSHH  Control Of Substances Hazardous to Health  

MSDS  Material Safety Data Sheet (US OSHA)

ISO  International Organization for Standardization

OSAH  Occupational Safety & Health Administration

LEL  Lower Explosive Limit

MMSCF  Million Standard Cubic Feet 

MEG  Mono Ethylene Glycol

TEG  Tetraethylene Glycol

MEA  Monoethanolamine

COD  Chemical Oxygen Demand

BOD  Biological Oxygen Demand

OIW  Oil In Water 

TDS  Total Dissolved Solids

BTU  British Thermal Unit

DCS  Distributed Control System

PLC  Programmable Logic Control(ler)

SCADA  Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition

ASTM  American Society for Testing and Materials

ANSI  American National Standards Institute

MD. ZAHANGIR ALAM  July 9, 2012  4
 
AGA  American Gas Association 

ASME  American Society of Mechanical Engineers

API gravity formulas

The formula used to obtain the API gravity of petroleum liquids is thus:

 
Conversely, the specific gravity of petroleum liquids can be derived from the API gravity
value as

 
Thus, a heavy oil with a specific gravity of 1.0 (i.e., with the same density as pure
water at 60°F) would have an API gravity of:

The flash point of a flammable liquid is the lowest temperature at which it can form an ignitable mixture 
in air. 

The pour point of a liquid is the lowest temperature at which it will pour or flow under
prescribed conditions. It is a rough indication of the lowest temperature at which oil is readily
pump able.

Also, the pour point can be defined as the minimum temperature of a liquid, particularly
a lubricant, after which, on decreasing the temperature, the liquid ceases to flow.

EEE Electronic And Electrical Engineering

AGA American Gas Association

ASME American Society For Mechanical Engineering

ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials

API American Petroleum Institute

RVP Reid Vapor Pressure

MD. ZAHANGIR ALAM  July 9, 2012  5
 
AAPG American Association of Petroleum Geologists

POOH Pull Out Of Hole

IEEE Institute Of Electrical And Electronics Engineers

MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet

COSHH Control Of Substances Hazardous to Health

COD Chemical Oxygen Demand

BOD Biological Oxygen Demand

LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas

CNG Compressed Natural Gas

STP Standard Temperature And Pressure

NDT Non Destructive Testing

OIW Oil-in-Water

RTD Resistance Temperature Detector

TIC Temperature Indicating Controller

MMSCF Mately Million Standard Cubic Feet

1 horsepower = 745.699872 watts


1 us liquid barrel = 119.240472 liters
1 us gallon = 3.7854118 liters

QUESTIONS 

MD. ZAHANGIR ALAM  July 9, 2012  6
 
1) State the following abbreviations: 

i. PSIA 
ii. PSIG 
iii. GPM 
iv. BTU 
v. ANSI 
vi. PPM 
 

2) The device which takes heat energy as input and gives mechanical energy as output is called‐ 

i. Machine.     ii. Engine.     
 

3) Heavier hydrocarbon of paraffin group has higher heating value.   

i. True      ii. False 
 

4) In Process Industries, general process variables are: 

i. Ampere, Voltage, Resistance, Power. 
ii. Corrosion, Erosion, Wear, Fatigue. 
iii. Temperature, Pressure, Level, Flow. 
iv. All of the above. 
 

5) A cylindrical shape liquid hydrocarbon storage has a dimension of 18' ID x 20' H . If the liquid height is 
12', what percentage of the storage is occupied? 

MD. ZAHANGIR ALAM  July 9, 2012  7
 
i. 65 
ii. 60 
iii. 30 
20'
iv. 75 
  12'

   18' 

6) In the following figure vessel A and  vessel B are isolated by valve G. Vessel A have pressure 1000 psi, 
volume 1500 ft3   & Temperature 120° F. After opening the valve G  the common pressure of the system 
is 600 psi & Temperature is 80° F.    

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July 9, 2012  8
 

Vessel B
 

Vessel A
 

What is the volume of Vessel B? 

7) In air Oxygen : Nitrogen is‐ 

i.  1: 3.76 
ii.  3: 2 
iii.  1: 3.1 
iv.  1: 4  
 

8) What is the main difference between Pump and Compressor‐ 

i. Pump is used for handling the gases whereas Compressor is for liquids. 
ii. Pump is used for handling the water whereas Compressor is for other liquids. 
iii. Pump is used for handling the liquids whereas Compressor is for gases. 
iv. Pump is used for handling any liquids whereas Compressor is for only hydrocarbon liquids. 
 

ANSWERS 

1)   The followings abbreviations are : 

i. PSIA‐ Pounds per Square Inch Absolute. 

MD. ZAHANGIR ALAM  July 9, 2012  9
 
ii. PSIG‐ Pounds per Square Inch Gauge. 
iii. GPM‐ Gallons per Minute. 
iv. BTU‐ British thermal Unit 
v. ANSI‐ American National Standards Institute. 
vi. PPM‐ Particles per Million. 
 

2)      The answer is (ii) 

3)     True. 

4)     The answer is (iii) 

5)     The answer is (ii) 

6)        

7)    The answer is (i ) 

8)    The answer is ( iii) 

• What is process unit & unit operation?


• What is by product & waste product?
• Different types of diagrams
1. Block
2. PFD (Process Flow Diagram)
3. P&ID (Piping & Instrumentation Diagram)
• Different types of symbols
Jacketed pipe, reducer, pipeline crossing, insulated pipe, flanged & bolted connection,
isolation valve, check valve, Safety valve, Rupture disc, Heat exchanger, Turbine,
Compressor, Pump, Signal line, Flow meter, Orifice plate, Pneumatic control valve,
• Functions of chiller & heat exchanger in refrigeration cycle.
• Industrial Safety Chapter of TICI book.
Basic hazards:
1. Fire

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2. Explosion
3. Toxic
4. Acoustic
• Safety signs & colors
• Fire triangle
• Coversion of celcius & farenhite
• Ignition temperature
• Flash point, boiling point, bubble point, dew point.
• Highly flammable, flammable, not readily flammable liquids
• Physical & chemical explosion
• LEL(Lower Explosion Limit), UEL/HEL(Upper/Higher Explosion Limit) of Methane gas
• Types of fire (Class A-E)
• Extinguishing agent & different purposes of use
• DCP(Dry Chemical Powder)
• dB(deciBel) & SPL (Sound Pressure Level)
• Uses & purposes of PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) with picture.
http://www.abcsafetymart.com/
Basic PPE: Coverall, Hard Hat, Safety Glass, Safety Shoe.
• Basic types of pumps
1. Dynamic
Centrifugal (Radial, Axial, Mixed flow)
2. Displacement
a) Reciprocating
b) Rotary
• Classification of Compressors
• DCS (Distributed Control System), PLC (Programmable Logic Controller)
• EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read only Memory), EEPROM (Electrically Erasable
Programmable ROM)
• MMSCFD (Million Standard Cubic Feet per Day)
• MMSCF/h
• Bbl (Barrel), gallon, liter unit conversion
• Psig, psia unit conversion

Some flammable gases:

• Acetylene
• Ammonia
• Arsine
• Butane
• Carbon Monoxide
• Cyclopropane
• Ethane
• Ethylene
• Ethyl Chloride
• Hydrogen

MD. ZAHANGIR ALAM  July 9, 2012  11
 
• Isobutan
• Methane
• Methyl Chloride
• Propane
• Propylene
• Silane

Some inert gases:

• Argon
• Carbon Dioxide
• Helium
• Neon
• Nitrogen
• Xenon

Some common oxidizers:

• Air
• Chlorine
• Fluorine
• Nitric Oxide
• Nitrogen Dioxide
• Oxygen

Abbreviations:

ANSI, API, NFPA…..

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