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IEC 61850 substation in COM600

Mikael Nyman

Master's degree in engineering

Degree Program in Electrical Engineering

Vasa 2017
MASTER THESIS

Author Mikael Nyman

Education and City: Electrical Engineering, Vaasa

Orientation Options: Automation technology

Supervisor: Matts Nickull

Title: IEC 61850 substation in COM600

_________________________________________________________________________

Date: 04/07/2017 Number of pages: 42 Attachments: 1

_________________________________________________________________________

Abstract

This thesis deals with the configuration and monitoring of a simulated substation. In DEMVE lab at
Technobothnia Vaasa examined and tested IEC 61850 communication from protection relays of different
manufacturers. A substation consisting of various protection relays to communicate over Ethernet to a monitoring
unit through a common protocol.

Work purpose was to introduce a new substation consisting of six relays, and create a working process picture in the
monitoring unit COM600. The goal was to configure relays and COM600 so they communicated over IEC 61850, and then
create a process image of the substation in real time. Then, a manual in elstationens IEC 61850 configuration written.

The work was performed in its entirety and the result was a fully functioning process image and a manual
documenting IEC 61850 configuration. Novia will use the results of the training and to create a MicroSCADA
system.

_________________________________________________________________________

Language Swedish Keywords: IEC 61850, COM600, substation automation


_________________________________________________________________________
BACHELOR'S THESIS

About the author: Mikael Nyman

Degree Program: Electrical Engineering

Specialization: Automation

Supervisor (s): Matts Nickull

Title: IEC 61850 Substation in COM600


_________________________________________________________________________

Date: April 7, 2017 Number of Pages: 42 Appendices: 1


_________________________________________________________________________

Abstract

This thesis is about configuration and supervision of a simulated substation. IEC 61850 communication between different
relay manufacturers is researched and tested in the laboratory at DEMVE Technobothnia in Vaasa. A substation
Consisting of various protection relays Should be able to communicate over Ethernet to a supervision device using a
common protocol.

The purpose of this work was to launch a new substation Consisting of six relays and to create a working HMI
(Human-Machine Interface) for the supervision device COM600. The goal was to configure the relays and COM600 to
handle communication over IEC 61850, and then create a real time HMI for the substation. A manual on how to configure
the substation IEC 61850 was to be written afterwards.

The Retrieved Entirely completed and the result was a fully Functioning HMI and a manual documenting the steps in the
IEC 61850 configuration. The Novia University of Applied Sciences will use the results for education, and to create a
MicroSCADA system.

_________________________________________________________________________

Language: Swedish Key words: IEC 61850, COM600, the substation automation
_________________________________________________________________________
Table of Contents

1 Introduction ................................................. .................................................. 1 ............................

1.1 eDEMVE project ............................................... .................................................. ............. 2

1.2 DEMVE space ............................................... .................................................. ............. 3

1.3 Purpose ................................................. .................................................. ................................. 4

2 Distribution ................................................ .................................................. 5 ............................

2.1 The electricity network in Finland ............................................... .................................................. ................. 5

2.2 Automation and operation monitoring ............................................... ................................. 6

2.3 Remote ................................................. .................................................. .................... 7

3 Hardware ................................................ .................................................. ................................... 9

3.1 Simulation of substation ............................................... .................................................. ...... 9

3.2 Protection Relays ................................................. .................................................. .................. 11

3.3 Monitoring ................................................ .................................................. ................... 12

4 Communication ................................................ .................................................. ...................... 14

4.1 Job Overview ................................................. .................................................. ............. 14

4.2 The OSI model .............................................. .................................................. .................... 14

4.3 Ethernet ................................................. .................................................. ......................... 16

4.4 TCP / IP ............................................... .................................................. 17 ..............................

4.5 IEC 61850 ................................................ .................................................. ........................ 17

5 Software ................................................ .................................................. ................................ 20

5.1 Relay Configuration software ................................................. ............................................. 20

5.1.1 AQtivate 200 ................................................ .................................................. ........... 21

5.1.2 PCM600 ................................................. .................................................. ................. 22

5.1.3 DIGSI 5 ................................................ .................................................. .................... 23

5.1.4 VAMPSET ................................................. .................................................. ................ 24

5.2 Monitoring ................................................ .................................................. .... 24

5.2.1 SAB600 ................................................. .................................................. .................. 25

Embodiment 6 ................................................ .................................................. ............................... 26

6.1 Relay Configuration of communication ............................................... 26 ..............................

6.1.1 IP Addresses ............................................... .................................................. ............... 26

6.1.2 Datasets and RCBS ............................................... .................................................. ... 27

6.2 Installing COM600 ............................................... .................................................. ... 28

6.3 SAB600 projects ............................................... .................................................. ............... 29

6.3.1 Communications structure ................................................. ........................................ 29

6.3.2 Mittelstation Structure ................................................. .................................................. .. 30

6.3.3 Upload ................................................. .................................................. .......... 31


7 Results ................................................ .................................................. .................................. 32

8 Discussion ................................................ .................................................. ............................... 34

9 References ................................................ .................................................. ....................... 37


List of Figures
Figure 1. Hyllie in Malmö, a project within the smart grid. .................................................. ................... 1
Figure 2. DEMVE lab in Technobothnia. .................................................. ......................................... 3
Figure 3. Substation AA6. .................................................. .................................................. ................. 4
Figure 4. COM600 .............................................. .................................................. ................................. 4
Figure 5. Transformation Station. .................................................. .................................................. .... 5
Figure 6. Switchgear. .................................................. .................................................. ...... 5
Figure 7. Isolator. .................................................. .................................................. ....................... 6
Figure 8. Switch. .................................................. .................................................. .............................. 6
Figure 9. smart grid concept. .................................................. .................................................. ........... 7
Figure 10. SCADA control. .................................................. .................................................. ........ 7
Figure 11. Substation AA1's enlinjesschema. .................................................. .................................... 9
Figure 12. Substations AA3-AA5 ........................................... .................................................. ............ 10
Figure 13. AQ F215. .................................................. .................................................. ........................ 11
Figure 14. REF615. .................................................. .................................................. .......................... 11
Figure 15. 7SJ85. .................................................. .................................................. ............................. 12
Figure 16. Vamp 57. ............................................ .................................................. ............................. 12
Figure 17. ABB COM600. .................................................. .................................................. ................ 13
Figure 18. OSI model. .................................................. .................................................. ................ 15
Figure 19. Ethernet packets. .................................................. .................................................. ............. 16
Figure 20. IEC 61850 Logical Node Classes .................................................. ...................................... 17 Figure 21. IEC 61850 Class
Model. .................................................. .................................................. . 18 Figure 22. AQtivate. ..................................................
.................................................. ....................... 21
Figure 23. PCM600. .................................................. .................................................. ........................ 22
Figure 24. DIGSI 5. ............................................ .................................................. ................................ 23
Figure 25. VAMPSET. .................................................. .................................................. ....................... 24
Figure 26. SAB600. .................................................. .................................................. ......................... 25
Figure 27. Exported IEC 61850 configurations. .................................................. ........................ 28
Figure 28. COM600 remoting Settings. .................................................. ........................................... 29
Figure 29. SAB600 communication structure. .................................................. .................................. 30
Figure 30. SAB600-electric station structure. .................................................. ............................................. 30
Figure 31. SAB600 preview. .................................................. ................................................ 31
Figure 32. COM600 process image. .................................................. .................................................. .... 32
Glossary

Bay Compartment.

Bus bar Busbar.

CID Configured IED Description.

Circuit Breaker Breakers.

datasets The data set, a grouping of data objects.

Disconnector Disconnectors.

DEMVE "Development of Education Services of IEC 61850 in Multi

Vendor Environment ". Development of IEC 61850-

educational services in a multi-vendor environment.

Gateway Network node that connects networks that use different

protocol.

HMI Human Machine Interfaces, Human Machine Communication

(MMF), a graphical interface.

ICD IED Capability Description.

IEC International Electrotechnical Commission.

IED Intelligent Electrical Device. Intelligent unit, e.g. relay.

Interlocking Interlocking.

MMS Manufacturing Message Specification. A standard for

data transfer process.

Node An endpoint or the branch of computer networks.

OPC Open Platform Communications. A standard for data transmission

for automation.

OSI Open Systems Interconnection. A hierarchical model with seven

layer communication protocol.

PLC Programmable logic controllers, programmable control system.

RCB Report Control Block.

SCADA Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition.

SCD Substation Configuration Description.

SCL Substation Configuration Language.

Smart grid Smart grids, which uses information and control technology.

SLD Single-Line Diagram, enlinjesschema.

TCP / IP Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol.

XML Extensible Markup Language


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1 Introduction

The development of smart electricity distribution systems is ongoing. To streamline

distribution develop better monitoring and reporting, and remote communication

between devices in the electrical system. Protection Relays are an important part of the distribution that monitors and

controls the automatic protection features that prevent catastrophic damage to the electricity network. These

protection relays communicate with monitoring devices in the control room, which has a process image

the power grid. Using a process image in real time occurs fault localization and remote control

quickly from the control room.

Figure 1. Hyllie in Malmö, a project within the smart grid. [1]

The communication of the protection relays comply with IEC 61850 standard. Different manufacturers have followed

standards in varying ways. One smart Grid system requires that the communication between

protection relays from different manufacturers to work within the same communications network, and may

work together to create a large electricity network. This communication is tested at DEMVE-

laboratory at Technobothnia Vaasa.

The theoretical part of the work provides a broad overview and built step by step on the

previous chapter. The first chapter describes the work and its purpose. The second chapter

tells of electricity distribution as simulations illustrate. The third chapter addresses

hardware that creates the possibility for simulation. The fourth chapter tells how

communication performs what is required. The fifth chapter mentions the programs needed

to complete the work. The sixth chapter explains how the work was done, and the seventh
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chapter describes the results. The eighth chapter contains comments and opinions about

thesis performance and results.

1.1 eDEMVE project

At the Education and Research Center Technobothnia in Vaasa, a project called

eDEMVE. The project is a collaboration with schools in the area and is a continuation of

DEMVE lab. DEMVE is a laboratory with simulated substations containing

protection relays manufactured by several companies, all of which communicate over Ethernet according

IEC 61850 standard.

eDEMVE is a further development of DEMVE and the goal of this part is to enable

training and research outside Technobothnia. In addition, a new substation in service

IEC 61850 Edition 2, and integrated into the SCADA system.

By using several different suppliers protection technology has more knowledge arose about

how they interact with each other. Training held have allowed industry companies

learn from each other. Engineering student has got an overview of the industry's protection relays

and programs. DEMVE project has proven to arouse international interest, with visits from

North America, Europe and Asia. [2] [3]


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1.2 DEMVE space

DEMVE laboratory has four substations in the form of cabinets, so-called racks, consisting of six

protection relays. The cabinet consists of a time synchronization unit, a PLC and a touch screen. The

last cabinet, various monitoring devices.

Figure 2. DEMVE lab in Technobothnia.

Above the cabinets are two TV screens that are used for teaching, and the space is

equipped with laptop computers, installed with reläkonfigurerings- and monitoring.


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1.3 purpose

The objective of this thesis is to create a functioning vertical communication from a

simulated substation to a monitoring unit that displays an image of the simulation remotely.

The simulated power station comprises six protective relays, manufactured by four companies, which will

communicate to a COM600 device by IEC 61850 standard.

To achieve this goal, the relays and

COM600 configured to be part of

communication network, and get ready for

IEC 61850-reporting. Thereafter, a

SAB600 projects created for monitoring

electric station. Finally, a manual written

how the IEC 61850 configuration on each

relay, and how SAB600 project is created.

Figure 4. COM600.

Figure 3. Substation AA6.


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2 Electricity Distribution

Electricity distribution is the process where the energy is transported in the form of electricity to such

consumers. The electricity is transmitted via several different networks at different voltage levels, and

monitored protective relays that are located at key points in the chain. By

remote control, a process image is created as the network allows rapid fault detection.

2.1 The electricity network in Finland

The electricity network in Finland is part of a joint Nordic system along with Sweden and Norway.

Power plants supplying electricity to a central backbone to which it spreads to smaller networks, more

suitable for e.g. factories or homes. The grid is 110-400 kV and covers 116

substations. It spread to the regional networks with a voltage level of 110 kV, which may spread

Furthermore, the distribution network has a voltage level between 0.4 - 110 kV. In Finland, Fingrid

responsible for the core network monitoring and maintenance. [4] [5] [6]

Figure 5. Transformation Station. [7] Figure 6. Switchgear. [8]

At substations treated electricity, and can be further allocated by

switchgear. Switchgear can consist of a main rail, circuit breakers, disconnectors and power and

voltage transformers.

A circuit breaker is to be able to break the current at high voltage, and extinguish arcs

Which occurs. A type of switch is a SF 6- switch, wherein the quenching occurs with

sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) a gas, which isolates the switch. To open and close the switch

used mechanical springs which can be motorized.


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A disconnector is a mechanical device that illuminates the power is disconnected.

The separating device keeps feeding off switch and facilitates the maintenance of switchgear.

A worker should be able to see the disconnect switch has disconnected the power. Only at low

streams may disconnector actuated, which means that the movable knife that create

the way of power shifted. They can be controlled manually or with a motor.

Figure 7. Isolator. [9] Figure 8. Switch. [10]

As important parts of the switchgear can be controlled with engines under the right circumstances,

the automated and remotely controlled devices for monitoring and control. [11] [12]

2.2 Automation and operation monitoring

In addition to the electricity grid is a communications network that sends data from devices to

the electricity distributor. The protection relays in the switchgear sends information over the network. There is

also reserve network broadcast in other ways, e.g. telecommunications, in case the main network

not working. Alarms must reach the control room at all times.

Through intelligent monitoring of energy use and a data communication network created

additional opportunities to improve distribution. With smart energy becomes electrical system

more flexible and energy efficient. Data communication network help

electricity generators to control the distribution is working properly, and it also gives a

overview of improvement.
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Figure 9. smart grid concept. [13]

With the help of automation in protection relays and energy meters are severed errors that occurred before

they can spread and destroy the distribution, and the errors are located very simple in

monitoring the control of the power generators. [14]

2.3 remote control

The continuation of the monitoring system is remote from the control room. a central

monitoring station can control and break connections at very long distances, and

ensure disconnection for repairs. The outages are generally fewer and

shorter when all the values ​in protection relays can be read from a distance.

Protection Relays get control order from the control room and perform them if governance is

allowed. Before control can be controlled interlock (eng. Interlocking) in

protection relay. Configuration of the interlocking and protective functions of protective relays is a very

important part of the industry.

Figure 10. SCADA control. [15]


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A full system should be able to collect and transmit data such as measured values,

positions and alarms, to and from the stations. A database system should be built up and

provide accurate and updated data. Finally, although all data is presented in a central, so

that operators can easily understand and operate devices. These systems are called SCADA

(Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition). Examples of systems capable of this is

ABB's MicroSCADA, and Schneider Electric Pacis, both of which can be configured in

DEMVE lab. [16]


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3 Hardware

DEMVE lab comprises four protection relay box representing simulated substations.

Substations are connected to a subnetwork the persistence of switches in a ring topology.

Monitoring devices, laptops and other devices are also part of the same network.

The lab is equipped with Ethernet, USB and RS-232 cables to connect with relays

through the front ports.

3.1 Simulation of substation

The simplest substation simulation lab Substation AA1 is composed of an input

to a compartment consisting of a switch and a

disconnectors. This tray leads to one

busbar giving out same

voltage level coming in. During

busbar are five compartments to which

comprises a switch and a disconnector.

These trade leads to different outputs.

The unions use different protection relays

by different manufacturers. The unions also have a

turning knob for adjusting the current level, and two Figure 11. Substation AA1's enlinjesschema.

digital inputs are configured as

alarm.

Variations on this simulation are in the other racks. Substation AA2 consists of two

busbars and disconnectors two per compartment. Substation AA3 - AA5 consists of several

voltage levels and entries, and those with a varying number of switches and disconnectors.

Substation AA 6 can be considered as an update of AA1, with a rotary knob to adjust the

simulated voltage level.


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Figure 12. Substations AA3-AA5.

All substations are named according to IEC 81346th A technical key consists of the name of

substation, voltage level, the name of the union, and the name of the device. The names will

a code consisting of letters tells the object, followed by a number that says what

number of component it is. The position of codes in the technical key indicates the

which group code falls.

Substations and their units in DEMVE lab is named as an interpretation of the IEC

standard:

• The sixth electric station named AA 6.

• The first and only simulated voltage level is 20 - 30 kV, called J01.

• The six unions are named Q01 - Q06.

• For units in the trays is eg breaker QA1, QB1 off switch, and

protective relay A1.

The naming of the units are not fully in accordance with the standard, which recently brought into operation

a system with two letters. The standard must be purchased to ensure codes

units.
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For the first relay in the third compartment of the first voltage level in the sixth substation

is the technical key AA6J01Q03A1.

3.2 Protection Relays

Substation AA6 contains two Arcteq AQ F215, two ABB REF615, a Siemens 7SJ85 and

a Schneider Electric VAMP 57. All relays are feeder protection relays and they are made to

control breakers and disconnectors, and to measure voltage and current. They have Ethernet adapters

IEC 61850 communication at the back. The relays have different degrees of functionality,

and configured to varying degrees.

Arcteq AQ F215 is the feeder protection relays in Arcteqs AQ 200 series. Key features

presented the verification of the double busbar, direction and voltage protection,

Harmonic protection and reclosers which allow five attempts. AQ-F215 configured with

program AQtivate. [17]

ABB REF615 is a feeder protection relay of ABB Relion series. It is used mainly as

overvoltage and fault protection for overhead lines and cable feeders, and there are twelve

Standard configurations for different distribution types. Key features

presented is a plug-in design for easy installation, a wide variety of protection and a

customizable GUI. The relay is also very well adapted for

monitoring COM600. REF615 configured with the program PCM600. [18]

Figure 13. AQ F215. [17] Figure 14. REF615. [18]


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Siemens 7SJ85 is the feeder protection relays in Siemens SIPROTEC 5 series. They are commonly

to detect short circuits in the equipment of different types of grids, and ground fault in the system

various topologies. In case of failure it can switch to backup equipment to achieve near-constant operation.

Multiple configuration templates for different systems are ready for the 7SJ85 relay. 7SJ85

configured in DIGSI 5. [19]

Schneider Electric VAMP 57 is a feeder protection relays in Schneider Electric Vamp 50 series.

The relay has a user-friendly structure that allows programming of the LEDs and

configuring the digital inputs and outputs. It has four current and voltage inputs

allowing use of different protection. VAMP 57 configured in VAMPSET. [20]

Figure 16. 7SJ85. [19] Figure 15. Vamp 57. [20]

3.3 Monitoring

The monitoring system used is ABB COM600. It serves as a

user interface, a communication " gateway "And used for automating

units. It handles data in a user friendly way and therefore have limited functionality

for calculations and data logging. With its web HMI, a process image of a substation is shown

in real time. Communication takes place over Ethernet with IEC 61850 COM600 configured in

SAB600. [21]
13

Figure 17. ABB COM600. [21]

It is possible to build on the system MicroSCADA, supporting more extensive

data management and database structure. MicroSCADA can use several COM600 as

gateways that communicate with relays of IEC 61850, and take information from them

by IEC 60870-5-104. Some relays supports this standard and is able to communicate

directly with MicroSCADA. Advanced calculations, data logging and large process images

several substations handled in MicroSCADA, but it is also less

user friendly.

Another option is the Schneider Electric Pacis. However, it is not used actively in DEMVE-

lab due to long setup times.


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4 Communication

Communication between the units should be as fast and robust as possible to a reliable

image processing can be achieved. The communication media must be room for all relays, laptops

and a dozen other units for future development.

4.1 Job Overview

In DEMVE lab is an underlying Ethernet network to all devices are a part of.

Each box has a switch with six Ethernet ports are connected with each other through

optical fiber in a ring topology. In addition, there are two switches in the floor that have ports in

tables in the lab. All laptops connect to DEMVE network through these ports.

The work requires substation, COM600 and a computer with configuration programs all

located on the same network. The existing Ethernet network will be used. All

devices have different IP addresses to avoid collision in package management. The relays will

communicate with COM600 over Ethernet by the IEC 61850 standard.

4.2 OSI model

Open Systems Interconnect model is a hierarchical description of how data is transmitted.

OSI model is made up of seven layers, starting with the physical layer and ends with

application layer. The model is used to describe how and at what level of communication

happens.
15

Figure 18. OSI model. [22]

The first layer - Physical layer - processes the raw data stream transmitted over different

media. There may be an electrical or mechanical signal which carries all the signals for the higher

layers.

The second layer - the data link layer - deals with the management of what is in the physical

signal. This may involve limiting signal when enough information has been sent,

and to ensure that the entire signal is flawless. A stream of data categorized into clear sections so that

machines can distinguish packets.

The third layer - Network layer - treat all traffic over the network. It's about knowing

each packet to be sent, and what path it should take. The monitoring of data usage and

speeds belongs to this layer.

The fourth layer - transport layer - treat messages to be sent. This stock looks

that larger messages divided into several frames and all reach the same destination and

recovered. All of the above stock based on that.

The fifth layer - Session layer - treat processes the ability to communicate between

Machines. Sessions are established and maintained between different processes where the sending data

between each other.


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The sixth layer - presentation layer - process data conversion. Code can be translated into

another format, is compressed and is encrypted. It is often used to convert a

message into a standard format for transmission and then converted back to what a

process needs.

The seventh layer - the application layer - treat the applications making the network. The

may file management across the network, e-mail and printers. [23] [24]

4.3 Ethernet

Ethernet is a way to send data between devices over a data link and protocol,

actually a grouping of protocols that processes data transport of different data rates

over different physical media. The protocols work similarly and are commonly known as

Ethernet. The data rates specified in bits per second (e.g., 100 Mbps) and physical media is

coaxial cables, copper cables and fiber optic cables. It is part of the OSI model's second

stock.

Information on an Ethernet network is sent in packets. Packages are data that is encapsulated in a frame

with transfer data as to where the packet is going, and a control code indicating whether the packet

is unchanged. Inside, an Ethernet frame may protocols that operate at higher layers of the OSI model

added. In this work it is primarily TCP / IP and IEC 61850 [25]

Figure 19. Ethernet packets. [26]


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4.4 TCP / IP

TCP / IP is based on Ethernet and is a grouping of protocols that mainly creates a

the identity of devices, allowing data to reach the right device and application. it is

to describe the core protocols takes place on the third and fourth layer of the OSI model.

In practice, given all the devices unique IP addresses that represent them in Ethernet

communication. [27]

4.5 IEC 61850

IEC 61850 is a standard developed for automation in the energy industry. it has

created for communication between devices to be sent over the same physical medium, and

using the same protocol. Before standardization in communication, created new

protocol to communicate between devices of different manufacturers. These protocols

updated for each new product version or device. The IEC 61850 communication all

units of the same language on the same channel.

According to the standard communication relays over an Ethernet network, and the data packets to be

theoretically never collide, even the relays from different manufacturers. The cables are the same

for all relays, making connections easier. The time to install and configure all relays

decreases with standard naming of functions. IEC 61850 describes how data is

structured, and uses MMS to pack encrypt data and send through TCP / IP over

Ethernet.

Figure 20. IEC 61850 Logical Node Classes [28]


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The naming of signals begins with the device name, and then categorized signals

into the nodes describing what function they belong to, and their job. During these nodes

all data objects. The data objects are still categorized by type, depending on

their task, and the names are standardized. Manufacturers determine the device name,

and categories all nodes belong to.

Figure 21. IEC 61850 Class Model. [29]

File types that are used to save a relay configuration belongs to SCL (Substation

Configuration Language), an XML-based format. In SCL are several types of

formats, depending on which components are saved. An un-configured file is ICD (IED Configuration

Description) file, and a file is configured CID (Configured IED Description). A more complete

Format is an SCD-file (Substation Configuration Description) file that contains more information

if a substation than only relays, such as sub-networks and tree structure.

There are two IEC 61850 editions: Edition 1 and 2. Edition 2 includes the same functionality

as the first, but has a little different structure and details. Edition 2 is thus

backward compatible, unlike Edition 1. Substation AA 6 that the thesis treats

uses Edition 2. [30] [31]

What keeps the session between the relay and the monitoring station is OPC. OPC consists

of several different standards, but the relevant OPC DA (Data Access), OPC A & E (Alarm

and Events). OPC uses a server / client structure, clients request

information from the server, which is in contact with the units. Information sent is
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Packaged in Report Control Blocks is given only to the right client. It is important to

Client configuration is correct. [32] [33]


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5 Software

All relays have software of the same manufacturers that complement the product.

Relay Configuration software handles all relays and their Settings.

Monitoring is the monitoring unit and creates the structure for communication

and the visual representation of the substation.

5.1 Relay Configuration Software

Relay Configuration software is used to make contact with the relays and to configure

them. With a program, relays configured remotely without an active connection. A screen

a relay is often inadequate or non-user to configure many

variables, which is a major reason for the program on the computer used.

Some programs use projects in the grand scheme of relays, sub-networks and clients

can be created. Other uses directly with relays and individual

Configuration files for them.

Relay Configuration software allows users to configure the communication and

protection features, create and modify variables and logic, and design an SLD on the screen.

It is with these programs, an IEC 61850-reporting between relays and

monitoring units are created. The exported configurations imported into

monitoring programs.
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5.1.1 AQtivate 200

AQtivate 200 is a configuration utility Arcteqs AQ-200 series. With this program,

can configurations to the unit read and written. The program can communicate with a

relay at a time by IP. When connecting to the relay configuration can be downloaded to your computer. All

variables in the relay presented in the same menus on the screen of the relay, but

the benefits of the program is that the navigation is much faster with a computer.

Figure 22. AQtivate.

Report Control Blocks made in the program IEC 61850-tool. The data items to be sent

added to the datasets finished affiliated with RCBS. The data objects are ticked from the list.

Project files saved in .aqs format. Relay configurations exported .CID format.

The program can be downloaded from Arcteqs website. [34]


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5.1.2 PCM600

PCM600 is a configuration tool for ABB Relion series. This program uses

of project structure which allows the configuration of multiple relays simultaneously. relays

configurations are downloaded to your computer through the program "Configuration Wizard", which

reads the relay "Order Code" to create a similar device in the project.

Figure 23. PCM600.

The logic of the relay, variables and analog signals can be read and configured in software.

The relays have completed data sets and RCBS covering the signals used in DEMVE-

lab. It is only required to tick clients for any RCB to enable reporting.

Project files saved in .pcmi format. Relay configurations can be saved in a plurality .SCL-

formats, depending on the level of the project tree exported. The program can be downloaded

ABB's website. [35]


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5.1.3 DIGSI 5

DIGSI 5 is a configuration utility Siemens SIPROTEC 5 series. This program

Users of the project structure, which allows the configuration of multiple relays simultaneously. IN

the project created devices that can be configured, which then anknyts to the actual unit.

The actual entity contacted through USB or Ethernet.

Figure 24. DIGSI fifth

IEC 61850 configuration is made in the IEC 61850 System Configurator. A report is created

drag data items to a data set, which anknyts to the RCB. The station created

then imported to the unit and will take effect after the configuration uploaded to the relay.

Relay configuration is exported as a .SCL file from IEC 61850 System Configurator.

The project is saved in a folder that DIGSI 5 structure on its own way. The program can be purchased

Siemens part. [36]


24

5.1.4 VAMPSET

VAMPSET is a configuration tool for Schneider Electric VAMP series. The program

connects to a relay at a time. Everything on the relay presented in a list of categories

side of the user interface, and the settings are in the categories.

Figure 25. VAMPSET.

All data objects of IEC 61850 are listed in the index, and there are three data sets to activate.

Datasets anknyts later to RCBS in a different category. The clients are automatically activated during

contact with the relay.

The program reläkonfigureringar saved in .vf2 format. Relay configurations are saved in .CID-

format. The program can be downloaded from the Schneider Electric website. [37]

5.2 Monitoring

Monitoring programs used in control of substations for monitoring and

remote control. The program creates a communication structure that is the basis for

system. Over there is a process image with symbols related to data objects. The process image

consist of units, measurement and control indications that are updated in real time.
25

5.2.1 SAB600

SAB600 is a configuration tool for ABB COM600. It is designed for ABB

Relion series but also works with other manufacturers. With other manufacturers should be noted

how the underlying client management in SAB600 works, because it consists of a hidden

functionality to reduce the number RCBS who shows up for ABB relays.

Figure 26. SAB600.

The projects are divided into two distinct parts, one part of the communication structure and one for

substation structure. In the communication structure creates a contact between relays and COM600,

and other equipment. OPC clients, IP addresses, and alarm configuration is important

Settings for communication. The substation structure creates a single-line diagram

(SLD) which is the process image for monitoring. The program comes with the purchase of a

COM600 device.
26

6 Performance

The performance deals with reläkonfigureringar, installation of the COM600 and finally creation

of a process in the image SAB600.

First, configure IP addresses and IEC 61850 RCBS for all relays, then configure

COM600's communication, and finally created a SAB600 projects representing the entire

electric station. All steps after the IP addresses are configured, are detailed in Appendix 1,

is a guide on configuring Substation AA 6 and COM600.

6.1 Relay Configuration of communication

Since all relays was unconfigured, it meant that their IP addresses were mismatched for

DEMVE lab and needed fixed. Each relay connected to the switch in the rack with

Ethernet cable. Ethernet adapters on the back of the relays used because they support the IEC 61850-

communication. Contact with the relays established through their setup program

USB or Ethernet ports on the front. IP addresses are configured in the Table

1st

6.1.1 IP addresses

AQtivate used to make contact with AQ-F215. The Ethernet port on the front of the relay has a

static IP address (192.168.66.9) that the program knows about. After connection to the relay

you can download the configuration file located in the relay. During " Communication "

the IP address of the Ethernet adapter on the back of the relay set. After the changes sent

to relay the Ethernet communication in use.

PCM600 is used to contact the REF615. After a project tree created can contact

established with REF615 by PCM600's " Configuration Wizard ". The selected it to take

contact with the port on the front of the relay. After a device created shall be read to get the

current configuration. Then found the settings for Ethernet over " IED

Configuration "" Configuration "" Ethernet " and finally " Communication ". IP address

Ethernet adapter on the back of the relay is set. After the changes are sent to the relay

Ethernet communication in use.


27

DIGSI 5 is used to contact the 7SJ85. To configure the relay must

Project entity created as anknyts to the actual relay. The actual entity contacted

through USB port on the front of the relay. During " Hardware and protocols "You can select multiple

Ethernet adapters on the back of the relay. The IP address is set to Ethernet adapter "ETH-BA-2EL".

ETH-BA-2EL used as it supports most protocols. After the changes are sent to

relay is Ethernet communication in use.

VAMPSET is used to connect with VAMP 57. Contact with the relay established through

The USB port on the front of the relay. The configuration can be downloaded directly, and then you can change the IP

the address in " Protocol Configuration ". After the changes sent to the relay, the

Ethernet communication in use.

Table 1. IP addresses of relays and COM600.

Unit IP address
Compartment

AQ F215 Q01 192.168.1.61

AQ F215 Q02 192.168.1.62

REF615 Q03 192.168.1.63

REF615 Q04 192.168.1.64

7SJ85 Q05 192.168.1.65

Vamp 57 Q06 192.168.1.66

COM600 - 192.168.1.122

6.1.2 Datasets and RCBS

The data items to appear in COM600 must be included in Report Control Blocks ( RCB) in

relays. An RCB send a dataset to a client. Each relay has its own name and position on

their data objects.

For a comprehensive representation of the substation is needed:

• Position modes for circuit breakers and disconnectors, and interlocking- signals.

• Position modes for digital inputs corresponding alarm indications.

• Measurement values ​of current and voltage in all phases.

• Control modes of the relays.


28

Buffered RCBS used to reduce the traffic on the network.

In AQtivate configured datasets in "IEC 61850 Tool". There are chosen " Edit datasets "And then the

dataset that is affiliated BRCB. The data objects corresponding to the necessary signals

is added. Finally exported a .CID file and sends the changes to the relay.

In PCM600 is finished datasets and RCBS covering all the signals needed. the RCBS

needed anknyts to clients. A .SCD file exported to include both relays

project to a file.

In DIGSI 5 creates an IEC station and "IEC System Configurator" used to create

datasets. The data objects are attracted to a dataset, and then created a RCB configured to

BRCB. A .SCD file exported and imported changes to the project and to the relay.

In VAMPSET selected data items to be included in a dataset based on an indexed list, and

then activated datasettet. The changes are sent to the relay and a .CID file is exported.

Figure 27. Exported IEC 61850 configurations.

6.2 Installing COM600

COM600 was completely installed with all the programs required, as two Ethernet adapters

COM600 configured and connected to the network. Also coupled a monitor, mouse and

a keyboard to the unit.


29

Login goes with the username and password COM600 Training600. During " Control

Panel "" Network and Sharing Center "Selected" Change adapter settings ". The adapters

not used deactivated and the IP address in the Local set (of Table 1), after the

selected during " Remoting Port "In" SetRemotingParameters ". Remote is used

MicroSCADA communication, which is not part of this work.

Figure 28. COM600 remoting Settings.

To display the existing SLD on COM600, COM600 open Browser to log in

in with the username "COM600" and the password "Training600".

6.3 SAB600 projects

SAB600 project is divided into two parts: the communication structure and the substation structure.

Communication structure describes how the relays and COM600 communicate, and

Clients and alarm. Mittelstation structure deals with what is shown on the COM600, and

data connection to the symbols.

6.3.1 communication structure

First, a project tree consisting of a Gateway 4.1.x, with a IEC 61850 OPC Server

which has a subnet that contains six IEDs. Gateway 4.1.x contains the IP address

to COM600s Local Ethernet adapter. IEC 61850 OPC Server contains the name of the client.

Subnet says which ethernet adapter COM600 uses. By first contact

COM600 by " Management " the Gateway 4.1.x updated list of Ethernet

adapters on COM600. That is Local to use.

Then import the files exported from the relay configuration program. an ABB

Relay imported first to avoid a project destructive problem that requires a completely

new OPC server is created to import IEDs.


30

Figure 29. SAB600 communication structure.

Afterwards, configure the clients for AQ-F215 relays and all alarm data objects.

6.3.2 Mittelstation structure

A project tree created consisting of a gateway with a 4.1.x Substation, Voltage Level, one

Bus bar and six Bays. After the creation of an SLD for Bus bar. For Bays must first be an SLD

with symbols of units are created, then the data should be linked with them, and then adds

measurements and alarms.

Bays and Bus bar coupled during Voltage Level, and after the substation structure

clear.

Figure 30. SAB600-electric station structure.


31

6.3.3 Upload

Under Gateway 4.1.x selected " Management " and then " Update & reload configuration "for

To upload the configuration to COM600. After there is a process view of the power station at

COM600 that updates in real time.

Figure 31. SAB600 preview.


32

7 Results

The result was that the Substation AA 6 had a functioning vertical communication and became part

of DEMVE network. The new COM600 configured and became operational with a working

Process image of Substation AA 6.

Process picture shows all six compartments connected to a busbar. Each compartment is

positions available for circuit breakers and disconnectors, control mode for the relay, measurement values

current and voltage in three phase, and two alarm indications.

COM600 can request to control switches and circuit breakers. By clicking on the symbols of

it opens a menu where there are two choices: to open or close the unit.

These are only active when interlock allows it. To realize a control request

clicked " Operate ". It then passes control to the relay, and performed on the logic of the relay

allows the control of the operator.

Figure 32. COM600 process image.

In order to achieve the objectives given all the relays and COM600 unique IP addresses within the same network.

The units were connected to DEMVE-lab's Ethernet network. The relays are given IP addresses

through its relay configuration program. COM600 given IP address through the control panel

Windows operating 7th


33

All data objects in the relays required for the process image was entered in the data sets related to

" Report Control Blocks ". Data items required were positions available for switches and

disconnectors and their interlock signals, position modes for the digital inputs,

measurements of current and voltage in phase, and the control modes of the relays. the names of

data items followed the IEC 61850 standard, which made it easy to know which data items

belonged to which the signal. Tables for signals found in Appendix 1.

RCB configuration made in the relay software from the manufacturers. For Arcteq, Siemens and

Schneider Electric relays created RCBS in the same band with datasets. ABB was

datasets and RCBS ready, but they were linked to clients. After IEC 61850 configurations

exported SCL files from the programs used in SAB600.

COM600's Local Ethernet adapter was set to be the adapter that receives

Communication from SAB600 and relays. COM600's Remote Ethernet adapter is used

MicroSCADA.

A SAB600 projects created containing all the relays in an IEC 61850 OPC server.

Relays configurations imported into the IED devices in the communication structure.

During the relays configured clients and alarms.

Finally created a " Single-Line Diagram "During substationsstrukturen. symbols

circuit breakers, disconnectors, measurements, alarms and control mode was added to the chart, and then

linked data objects into symbols. The symbols for the alarms, measurements and control mode

configured more detail, for example, the data types and scale factors for measured values.

SLD: n trays and busbar connected and then the process image

substation complete.

The project was uploaded to COM600 by SAB600. IEC 61850 communication allowed

relays to send data items in RCBS to COM600, as updated process image with

the new values ​in real time. COM600 could send control requests to the relays by

symbols.

All steps of configuring the data sets of relays to upload a process image to COM600

documented in a manual in Swedish. Manual is Appendix 1.


34

8 Discussion

The thesis goal was met. There was a problem during the work, some

affordability and other unresolved.

A large part of the performance consisted of things that were familiar from Novia courseware, everything

from setting up the data sets in the relay configuration program to upload to COM600, but

work was more extensive and also demanded the structuring of communication for a new

Rack and COM600.

Relay Configuration of IEC 61850 went flawlessly, because I was familiar with it from having

configured all the other substations. Since all relays conform, everything was very

equally from their previous relays. Arcteq relays were new but they had a structure very similar

Vamp relays.

Voltage measurement was new in Substation AA 6, and it was unclear how it would work.

The relays were configured differently in the beginning. Some had the voltage level (about 20 - 30 kV)

between the phases, and the other had the phase to ground. I chose to put it between phases

on all relays. All relays except ABB is the correct voltage level in the process image.

To get ABB to display correctly, the relays are configured, but the process image refers to the right

data objects. Vamp 57 can not measure all three phase-to-phase values.

A unique problem that occurred was 57 Vamp's position modes for circuit breakers and

disconnectors. The positions are usually in a " Double Point Control "Object, where the value for

open is "01" and closed is "10". Vamp 57 sent but a value of "00", which appears

as a red cross in COM600. The problem was solved by turning Event Masking on

control objects in VAMPSET.

A constant problem in DEMVE lab was that other people always reconfigured

relays when they worked on horizontal communication. It caused all the datasets that

was in the relay disappeared and you had to upload a backup configuration very

Often. They learned very quickly to create backups of all relays in the lab. A hard drive

backups were purchased and stored at Sciences.

Another problem was that they did not know who was responsible for the power station. I took matters into

own hands and connected the relays to the switch, and the switch to the network ring. sometimes when

I came to the lab where Siemens relay is connected to a port that does not support the IEC 61850

or SNTP and the relay was improperly configured for vertical communication. the connection was
35

very loosely done, but the functionality required to create a process image of all

six relays. Previously, I used two of the switch six Ethernet ports for laptop

and COM600, and varied between which relays which was connected to it.

During the work, updated ABB relay software to support IEC 61850

Edition 2, which caused that I had to create new configurations.

The use of new software releases was no problem for PCM600 or VAMPSET.

Arcteq was a brand new program and worked without problems. DIGSI 5 was a great

upgrade from DIGSI 4, and was quite different in how to contact and set up

relay, but in the end the differences were only improvements.

The new version of SAB600 (v. 4.1.1) created a great many problems. this version

had a new system for OPC clients, designed specifically for ABB relays. With the help of a

third party had to understand how it works, and it required little manual

name change for Arcteqs relays to correct RCBS from imports.

SAB600 4.1.1 had so many technical problems that destroyed the project, which made

a new project was needed. If the first import was not an ABB relay, causing the OPC

server is destroyed when you finally imported an ABB relay. If you imported two

times to the same IED created a collision, and no data is imported, while

destroyed the OPC server. Client Settings in SAB600 was consistent not with COM600

on the imported project, which meant that the reporting could not be established. Solution

was to remove the clients of the affected relays in SAB600, and create new ones with the same

name. Project Conversion from working older projects to the new version worked

not. ABB was contacted about these problems, so hopefully they will be fixed in the future.

The problems were not in SAB600 4.0.1.

COM600 4.1 brought a little more user-friendly functionality, such as scrolling to

zoom and drag to move it to look at. In version 3.5, you had to click buttons

to move or zoom a step, which was very clumsy.

Very much time was spent on understanding the problems and to test them thoroughly, to send

a clear report to ABB and so no need to mess around with them in the future. The work itself

would have gone a lot smoother if you use SAB600 4.0, but it could not have taken into

use new features found in COM600 4.1. To contact the customer service at
36

relay manufacturers proved to be very profitable to save time when problems arose with

relays.

At the end of my work also began a continuation in the form of a MicroSCADA-

process image of the same substation. MicroSCADA uses the same data items

COM600, and reading of the values ​by IEC 104. The basis for MicroSCADA was the project

I created COM600's process image.

This thesis gave me good knowledge of the industry, various relays and programs, and

understanding of the power that I had not before, and any problem caused me

will remember it for a long time.


37

9 bIBLIOGRAPHY

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38

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39

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40

[33] Matrikon. What is an OPC Server and an OPC Client?

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(Taken 2017-04-03)
Appendix 1. 1/43

Manual configuration of Substation AA 6 and COM600.

1 Introduction

This manual covers Substation AA 6 DEMVE in-lab. With the help of this guide, you can configure Substation AA 6's relays
to communicate IEC 61850 to a COM600 device. The configuration of the vertical communication is not dealt with because
it is assumed to be unchanged. You should then be connected to the same network as the relays, which should have been
their correct IP addresses completely.

The manual is written so that you can follow step by step. There are images that accompany the text.

Manual consists of

• a workflow for relay configurations.


• step-by-step guide on how to configure all programs.
• a list of programs and their versions.
• configuration steps for the monitoring unit COM600.

2 List of programs

Relay Configuration software:

• AQtivate v 1.3.1-144-gf3d304a, made for Arcteq relays.

• PCM600 v. 2.8, made for ABB relays.

• DIGSI 5 v. 7.30, made for Siemens relays.

• VAMPSET v. 2.2.177, made Vamp relays.

Monitoring:

• SAB600 v. 4.1.1, made for ABB COM600.


Appendix 1. 2/43

3 workflow

Relay Configuration Software

Configure Export
Contact
Create project Learn relay Report Control . SCD / .CID / .ICD-
relay
Blocks file

Monitoring

Create project communication structure Mittelstation structure Upload to COM600

Create tree Create tree

Import Create Single-Line


. SCD / .CID / .ICD file Chart

Configure clients and


Merge data items
alarm
Appendix 1. 3/43

4 AQtivate

Start AQtivate with the icon on the desktop.

4.1 Creating projects

AQtivate not use projects.

4.2 connectivity

To contact Arcteq relays so, enter the IP address in the "Relay's IP" and click "Connect".

IP address of the Bay 1 (the left) is 192.168.1.61. IP address of the Bay 2 (the right) is
192.168.1.62.

4.3 Reading from relay

After you have connected to the relay, I download the configuration by clicking the "Command" and
select "Get AQS-file".

If an existing file exists, overwrite it by clicking "OK". After that, choose to open the file now.
Appendix 1. 4/43

4.4 Setting datasets

IEC 61850 tool is obtained by pressing F8, or you go to the Tools tab and choose Communications, and IEC
61850 standard.

Then click on the icon "Edit datasets". Click DatasetBRCB1 and select Edit.

Here you decide which Data Objects that come with the dataset. To the right of every data object, you can press the
red minus to remove them. Above you get like a green plus-minus icon to see which Data Objects there are to choose
from.
Appendix 1. 5/43

Note that it only shows the prefix list, so for example OBJ1CSWI and OBJ1CILO called both OBJ1, but are
different groups that hold different data object. Below is a table of the data object can be used.

Symbol Device Data Object Description

AQ F215 Circuit Breaker OBJ1 Pos Position, Control


AQ F215 Circuit Breaker OBJ1 EnaOpn, EnaCls Interlock
AQ F215 Disconnector Obj2 Pos Position, Control
AQ F215 Disconnector Obj2 EnaOpn, EnaCls Interlock
AQ F215 Measurements I3 A Current Measurement
AQ F215 Measurements U3pp PPV Voltage Measurement
AQ F215 SF6 Low Pressure DI5 Ind Alarm Indication
AQ F215 CB Spring Charged DI6 Ind Alarm Indication
AQ F215 Bay Switch Indicator LLN0 Loc Local / Remote indication

Once you've created their dataset, you can go back to the first page on the IEC 61850 tool.

4.5 exporting

Write configuration to the relay by clicking on the icon "Send to relay". Save a .CID file SAB600.
Appendix 1. 6/43

5 PCM600

Start PCM600 with the icon on the desktop.

5.1 Creating projects

In the File tab, select "New Project". Choose any name and press Create.

After that you should create a Plant Structure. Right-click the object with the project name and select "New" -> "General" ->
"Substation". Set the Technical Key to AA 6 for the substation.
Appendix 1. 7/43

Right-click Substation and select "New" -> "General" -> "Voltage Level". Set the Technical Key to J01 of the voltage level.

Right-click Voltage Level and select "New" -> "General" -> "Bay". Create two Bays, one for each relay. Set the Technical
Key to Q03 for the left relay, and Q04 for the right relay.

Then the project structure complete. The next step is to contact relays.
Appendix 1. 8/43

5.2 connectivity

Right-click the Bay and select "New" -> "feeder IEDs" -> "REF615".

A Configuration Wizard opens directly, and it will take care of the connection to the ABB relay.

Select "Online configuration" and click "Next". Select "IED protocol: IEC 61850" and click "Next". In PCM600
communication, select "Port: Rear port (X1 / LAN)", and enter the IP address. The left relay has POI: 192.168.1.63.
Right relay has POI: 192.168.1.64. Click "Next".
Appendix 1. 9/43

Then there will be the communications configuration is defined. Click "Next". PCM600 makes contact with the relay and
starts reading the Order Code.

Once that's done, you can click "Next". When asked about the configuration type, select "Default configuration" and
click "Next". On the issue of IEC 61850 version, select "Edition 2" and click "Next". The configuration is as brief
summary, and you click "Finish".

Repeat these steps for the other relay.


Appendix 1. 10/43

5.3 Reading from relay

After you have your REF615 unit in PCM600, you should read the current settings from the relay. This is done simply
by right-clicking the drive, and select "Read from IED ...". When the program asks if you are sure, click "Yes".

PCM600 then download everything on the relay. Repeat these steps for the other relay.
Appendix 1. 11/43

5.4 Setting datasets

Unlike all other relays in Substation AA 6, then REF615 ready configured with multiple data sets for five
different clients. You do not need to configure them.

If you want to see what datasetten contains or if you want to add to the data object, REF615 right click and select "IEC
61850 Configuration". Up in the toolbar to open a drop-down menu and select "Client-Server Communication". There
are then 10 data sets and 10 Report Control Blocks related to them, for five clients.
Appendix 1. 12/43

5.5 exporting

To most easily export both relays can right-click Substation and choose "Export ...". Then you get the opportunity to save
everything as a .SCD file. After selecting the destination for the file, choose which IEC 61850 Edition you want to use.
Select "IEC61850 Edition 2". Click "Export" to perform savings.
Appendix 1. 13/43

6 DIGSI 5

Starting DIGSI 5 with the icon on the desktop.

6.1 Creating projects

Click the "Project" and select "New ...". Enter a name for the project and click "Create".
Appendix 1. 14/43

6.2 connectivity

You should create an online device and an offline device, and then link them together. In the project tree you go
"Online access" and the Ethernet adapter, you can search for devices by clicking the "Update accessible
devices".

When the device is found, double-click "Refresh device data". After that you have to create an offline device with the product
code. The product code can be found by double clicking the "Device Information". Select and copy the product code.
Appendix 1. 15/43

During the project you created, double click "Add new device". In the first step you should paste the product
code and selecting "Verify". In the third group, select the first and then click "OK".

After that, pull the online unit to offline unit to link them with each other.
Appendix 1. 16/43

6.3 Reading from relay

When the project unit is connected to the real device, right-click the project unit and select "Properties ...".

Under Settings, set the IP address DIGSI 5 will use. Select "Enter IP address (User defined)" and enter
192.168.1.65. Uncheck "Use dynamic reporting". Click "OK."

Now you can read the relay. Right-click the project's device and select "Update configuration from the target device." Click
"Yes".
Appendix 1. 17/43

When you have read may DIGSI 5 says that something is missing. You can read the details of the problem in the
"Info" tab and "Inconsistencies". You have to resolve these errors in order to be able to write to the relay. If you find
very many errors, you may need to upload a backup configuration.

If you have error about "communication mapping" you can double-click the error message to open the "Hardware and
protocols". Double-click the Ethernet module is connected to the network.
Appendix 1. 18/43

Here you can set the protocol allowed for the Ethernet module. You can set the IP address again here if it has
changed. You can also configure the SNTP time synchronization.

In the "Channel 1 settings", some settings are missing due to IEC60870-5-104. It might be used in the future for
communications outside DEMVE-lab network, so choose a "Default communication mapping" to fix the error.
Appendix 1. 19/43

6.4 Setting datasets

Datasets are handled in DIGSI 4, then through an IEC station. In the "IEC 61850 station" can create an IEC
station by clicking the "Add New Station". Move the unit to the right column to include it in the station.

Then click the export icon ( ) to export changes to IEC 61850 Station Configurator.

If you do not have a SCD file will DIGSI 5 ask if you want to create. Click "OK." This file will be imported to
SAB600 later. You can also export the file at a later stage.

In the "Reports and logs" select data objects to be included in the dataset. Right-click the relay in the project tree and
select "insert data sets."
Appendix 1. 20/43

Datasets fill it by pulling the data objects from the "Source Catalog". Include the data objects listed in the table
below.

Symbol Device Data Object Description

7SJ85 Circuit Breaker CTRL.XCBR1 Pos Position


7SJ85 Circuit Breaker CTRL.CSWI2 Pos Position, Control
7SJ85 Circuit Breaker CTRL.CILO2 EnaOpn, EnaCls Interlock
7SJ85 Disconnector CTRL.XSWI1 Pos Position
7SJ85 Disconnector CTRL.CSWI1 Pos Position, Control
7SJ85 Disconnector CTRL.CILO1 EnaOpn, EnaCls Interlock
7SJ85 Measurements A MEAS.RPRE_MMXU1 Current Measurement
7SJ85 Measurements MEAS.RPRE_MMXU1 PPV Voltage Measurement
7SJ85 SF6 Low Pressure UD1.GGIO1 SPS Alarm Indication
7SJ85 CB Spring Charged UD1.GGIO2 SPS Alarm Indication
7SJ85 Bay Switch Indicator CTRL.CSWI1 Loc Local / Remote indication
Appendix 1. 21/43

Then link to the data set to an "Buffered Report Control Blocks" by right-clicking the dataset and choose
"Insert Report". Then "Buffer Indications" to "Yes".

6.5 exporting

When you have finished reporting should save and export. Click the "Station" and "Save". After the export by
clicking the "Station" and "Export" -> "IEC 61850 Station ...". Select SCD format and save in any location. This file
will later be imported into SAB600.
Appendix 1. 22/43

Close to IEC 61850 System Configurator.

Before sending the settings to the relay should update and compile the project unit.

Import IEC station back to the project by clicking the import icon ( ).

Check that everything works by compiling projects unit. This is done by clicking on

unit and then click on the icon for "Compile" ( ).


Appendix 1. 23/43

Send the settings to the relay by right-clicking the project unit and select "Load configuration to device". The
default password for sending configuration is "222222" (six deuces). Click "OK."

When it says which units will be restarted, click "Yes". When it finally says that the device will be
restarted, click "OK".

When the configuration is complete, check that the relay does not display error messages by looking at the screen of the relay. If no

errors appear, you are finished.


Appendix 1. 24/43

7 VAMPSET

Start VAMPSET with the icon on the desktop.

7.1 Creating projects

You do not need to create a project.

7.2 connectivity

First, you should set the way in which it makes contact with the relay.

Click ' Settings " and select " Communication Settings ... " . Choose to communicate via Network and the relay IP address
192.168.1.66. Click Apply.

Click "Communication" and select "Connect Device ...". Enter the password (which is "2") and click "OK".

7.3 Reading from relay

The reading from the relay occurs while connecting to the relay in VAMPSET.
Appendix 1. 25/43

7.4 Setting datasets

In VAMPSET there is a 12-page data map where you can merge data objects into three different data sets that can then activate. It
is available under "+ IEC 61850 ..." in the list on the left.

The table below lists the data objects with their index. The indices are in order, so use it to quickly find the right data
object. To add them to the Dataset one must set the data object to "Yes" under "Datasets 1" and "in use".

Symbol Device Index

Vamp 57 Bay Switch Indicator Relay.LLN0 - Local / Remote indication


Vamp 57 SF6 Low Pressure Relay.DI05GGIO49 63 Alarm Indication
Vamp 57 CB Spring Charged Relay.DI06GGIO50 64 Alarm Indication
Vamp 57 Measurements Relay.I3pMMXU1 104 Current Measurement
Vamp 57 Circuit Breaker Relay.Obj1CSWI1 143 Position, Control
Vamp 57 Disconnector Relay.Obj8CSWI8 151 Position, Control
Vamp 57 Measurements Relay.U3pMMXU4 196 Voltage Measurement
In IEC 61850 BRCB configurations can then create a Buffered Report Control Blocks (BRCB) connected to the data
set you created.
Appendix 1. 26/43

7.5 exporting

Start by uploading changes to the relay by clicking the icon ( ) With a wide yellow arrow

from a computer to an IED.

Then click "Communication" and "Get ICD File ...". When a new box comes up, be sure to check out "RCB names with
indexes". Click "OK". After that you get to choose where to save the file.
Appendix 1. 27/43

8 SAB600

Projects in SAB600 are divided into two main parts, communications and substation structure. This manual
uses SAB600 4.1, which is done for COM600 4.1. You can use older versions, but then missing the newest
features that you may want to use in the future.

SAB600 4.1 is stricter than previous versions, and made for ABB relays. There are many new error messages
across in DEMVE lab. Even if you're familiar with previous versions, it is recommended to read this part of the
manual to avoid project-destructive fault.

Start SAB600 with the icon on the desktop.

8.1 Creating projects

Create a new project by clicking "File" and "New Project ...". Choose any name and click "Create".
Appendix 1. 28/43

8.2 communication structure

This part deals with communication structure where one set of IP addresses, OPC server and its clients, IED data
objects and alarms. It can diagnose events and read values ​in the data objects.

8.2.1 Tree

You start by creating a tree of all devices. After importing to configurations and enables clients and alarms.

8.2.1.1 Gateway 4.1.x


In the Communication tab of the Project Explorer, right-click the project and select New -> Communications -> Gateway 4.1.x.
Click the Gateway 4.1.x and enter the IP address: 192.168.1.122. Right-click the Gateway 4.1.x and select Management to make
contact with the COM600. Make sure that contact is made, because it is required to obtain information on Ethernet adapters found
in COM600. Close Management tab afterwards.

8.2.1.2 OPC Server


Right-click the Gateway 4.1.x and select New -> IEC61850 -> IEC61850 OPC Server.

Here you can set other client name if necessary (eg if you're going to have two COM600 show the relays, so they
will have different client names and RCBS). This manual uses Client1 as the default option.
Appendix 1. 29/43

8.2.1.3 subnetwork
Right-click the OPC server (OPCS1) and select New -> IEC61850 -> IEC61850 Subnetwork. Click Subnet1 and set
Communication Port to Local. Since you have had contact with the COM600 you know SAB600 the Ethernet adapter
Local. If it is incorrect, you get an error message on the COM600 when uploading.

8.2.1.4 IEDs
Right-click Subnet1 and select New -> IEC61850 -> IEC61850 IEDs. Repeat this step to make more. It will make a
total of six for the entire substation.

8.2.2 Import of IEDs

NOTE! This part is very important that you first import an ABB relay! If you import something other than ABB will
first importing to crash once you import the ABB and the project becomes damaged. Then it's easiest to create a new
project and start again. Also avoid importing multiple times to the same IED, it can lead to collisions in the OPC server.
applies SAB600
4.1.1.

It is recommended to import all of the relays to work with before they start dealing substation structure. After you
have imported the course is no longer projects destructive problems.
Appendix 1. 30/43

Right-click an IED SCL and select Import.

Click Select File and select the file to be imported. Selected IED and Selected access point is selected automatically, but
if you are importing large .SCL files can have multiple IED's to choose from. There is usually only one access point. After
selecting the you want, click "Next".

In "Communication Options", you do not change anything, click "Next". In Substation Options, uncheck
"Import substation information" and click "Import".

Repeat these steps for each relay. When you're done, it has been an OPC server to a subnet that contains six
relays.
Appendix 1. 31/43

8.2.3 clients

Clients is different in SAB600 4.1 than in previous versions. They are managed in a way that is done for ABB relays, which
can affect the relays by other companies. Fortunately affect only Arcteq- and Vamp relays, and if you have checked out
the RCB indexing VAMPSET the export so there are no problems for Vamp relay.

To correct Arcteq should go to his BRCB and renaming. You'll find it under the IED -> Relay
- > LLN0 -> BRCB01. Rename it to BRCB.

The reason you have to do is to "Report Client" adds n = 01-99, where n is the position of the "Report Client". The
other relays uses this by making additional RCBS automatically relay (not visible when importing) with the name
"RCB <n>" up to a certain number of clients, while the export named "RCB". They do this because you will not see
an RCB for each client. Arcteq does not use it, so if you have <n> clients would need to do <n> RCBS.
Appendix 1. 32/43

8.2.4 Alarm

Each relay has two Digital Input switch to correspond alarms. The upper switch corresponds to a "SF6 Gas Low"
Alarm, and the lower switch corresponds to a "Circuit Breaker Spring Charge Ready" Alarm.

To COM600 to know what data object used as an alarm must define them as alarm State. This is done by
clicking on the data item and Indication Event select Alarm State.

Use the table below to find the data items to be configured:

Relay Device Node Data Object


Arcteq Relay DI5GGIO5, DI6GGIO6 Ind
ABB LD0 SSOPM1 SprChaAlm
SSIMG1 InsAlm
Siemens UD1 GGIO1, GGIO2 Ind
Vamp Relay DI05GGIO49, DI06GGIO50 Ind
Appendix 1. 33/43

8.3 Mittelstation structure

This part indicates substation structure, which creates a single-line diagram (SLD) which shows COM600. It has,
among measurements, positions on the switch and the switch, and the control mode of IEDs.

8.3.1 Tree

You start by creating a tree, and after you create parts of a single-line diagram and connect them together, and
linking data objects into symbols.

8.3.1.1 Gateway 4.1.x


During Substation Structure tab in the Project Explorer, right-click the project and select New -> Communications ->
Gateway 4.1.x.

8.3.1.2 Substation
Right-click the Gateway 4.1.x and select New -> Functional -> Substation.

8.3.1.3 Voltage Level


Right-click Substation and select New -> Functional -> Voltage Level.
Appendix 1. 34/43

8.3.1.4 Bus bar and Bay


Right-click Voltage Level and select New -> Functional -> Busbar and Bay. Create a bus bar and six Bays. Since
Bay 2-6 look the same, you can make a perfectly clear, then copy and paste it to the other to skip a few steps and
only need the data link them.

When you are finished with the tree, you can name each part:

• Substation is AA 6.

• Voltage Level is J01.

• Bus bar is W1.


• Bay's Q01 - Q06.
Appendix 1. 35/43

8.3.2 Single-Line Diagram

Finally design to the one shown on the COM600, and linking data objects with symbols. Placing symbols by
dragging them into the adjacent field. It is recommended that you press the "Apply" often to avoid problems,
such as after you placed symbols after they renamed the symbols, as well as after they paired the symbols.

8.3.2.1 Bus bar


Right-click the bus bar and select "SLD Editor".

Place Busbar boot (1), the Node Connectivity (2) and Busbar end (3) in order in a horizontal line. Click "Apply". When you
see how they combine to create a bus bar.
Appendix 1. 36/43

8.3.2.2 Bay (units)


Bay is in two parts. First you must add symbols for all devices so that you can connect all the data in one step. After that
you can add to the measurements of the other symbols to get a full representation.

Right-click and select Bay SLD Editor.

You should create an image that represents the Bay you are doing. Q01 contains a infeeder, Circuit Breaker and
Disconnector, while the Q02 - Q06 has a outfeeder instead infeeder. See the substation to see how it will look.

During Connections are Infeeder and Outfeeder. During Switchgear is the Circuit Breaker and Disconnector. The
pictures below show how to create an image Q01.

Pull up a Infeeder field. You can then configure when it is considered in the operation, which is a new feature in
SAB600 4.1. Clicking the Apply so it is always in operation (as in previous versions).
Appendix 1. 37/43

Rotate Infeedern twice by pressing one of the rotate icons ( ) . give also
symbol clearly name under Object Properties.

Continue to pull into a Circuit Breaker during Infeedern, and name QA1.

After canceling a Disconnector at the bottom, and name QB1.


Appendix 1. 38/43

Click Apply to ensure that no problems have arisen. After that you can connect the symbols

with Direct Link function ( ) . It connects them by clicking on the nodes, so click
the two nodes to be linked together.

Click Apply and close the SLD Editor.

8.3.2.3 Data Connection

You should connect the data object you have selected earlier in the relay configuration program. All signals for
devices connecting to the symbols for them, and all measurements put it at bay. Pictures of all relays at the end of
this part.

Right-click Bay and select Data Connection.

Select the correct corresponding IED in the list and start transferring data objects from right to left with the arrow. Data
objects for Circuit Breaker added QA1, QB1 to Disconnector, and measurements to Q01 (or equivalent Bay).
Appendix 1. 39/43

When you're done, press "OK".

Here's how data connections begin to look like:

Arcteq AQ F215 ABB REF615

Siemens 7SJ85 Schneider Electric VAMP 57


Appendix 1. 40/43

8.3.2.4 Bay (measurements)

Go back to the SLD Editor Bay. Add to Bay Switch Indicator, Measurement Text Box, and two alarm Indicators.

When you pull them into the field, you should select the correct data item. This depends on the relay you are doing, so choose the right

under the tables.

Bay Switch Indicator shows which control mode available on the relay (Local / Remote).

Relay Device Node Data Object


Arcteq Relay LLN0 Loc
ABB CTRL LLN0 Loc
Siemens CTRL CSWI1 Loc
Vamp Relay LLN0 Loc
Appendix 1. 41/43

Measurement Text Box uses it to show the power and excitement. It first selects the correct data item and then select
the correct device and the multiplier.

Relay Device Node Data Object Display / device


Multiplier
Arcteq Relay I3MMXU1 A.phsA -/k/
-
U3ppMMXU1 PPV.phsAB
ABB LD0 CMMXU1 A.phsA - /hrs

VMMXU1 PPV.phsAB -/-

Siemens MEAS RPRE_MMXU1 A.phsA -/k/


k
PPV.phsA
Vamp Relay I3pMMXU1 A.phsA -/k/
-
U3pMMXU4 PPV.phsAB
Appendix 1. 42/43

Alarms requires that you select the data items previously configured in the communication
structure.

Relay Device Node Data Object


Arcteq Relay DI5GGIO5, DI6GGIO6 Ind
ABB LD0 SSOPM1 SprChaAlm
SSIMG1 InsAlm
Siemens UD1 GGIO1, GGIO2 Ind
Vamp Relay DI05GGIO49, DI06GGIO50 Ind
After you are finished with the Bay. The image below is an example of how Q01 can look in the SLD Editor and Preview.

If you have several Bays look alike (Q02 - Q06), you can copy and paste them in the Voltage Level to save time. You
can then start from step data access for each bay. SAB600 4.1 also recognizes that the Q03 and Q04 (ABB REF615)
is the same type of relay, so it also copies the data connection!
Appendix 1. 43/43

8.3.2.5 Coupling of the Bay and the bus bar

To show where the power goes out in the monitoring program must still connect Bay to the bus bar.

Right-click Voltage Level and select SLD Editor. Place the Bay and the bus bar according to the electric station, and select
and right-click Bay and select Connect to a Busbar. Select Disconnector (QB1) which Conducting Equipment and W1
Busbar. Click Connect, and then Apply. Repeat for each Bay available. Click Preview to see that everything looks correct.

Then you are ready to upload the project to COM600.

8.4 Upload to COM600

In the Communication tab, right-click Gateway 4.1.x and select Management. Click "Update & reload configuration", and it will
load the configuration into the COM600.