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Learning Module

1.) Title: Linear Dynamic Analysis

2.) Overview/ Introduction: In linear dynamic analysis, the applied loads are time-dependent.

The loads can be deterministic (periodic, non-periodic), or non-deterministic which means that

they cannot be precisely predicted but they can be described statistically. The accelerations and

velocities of the excited system are significant, therefore, inertial and damping forces should be

considered in the formulation:

, where

[K]: stiffness matrix

[C]: damping matrix

[M]: mass matrix

{u(t)}: time varying displacement vector

{ϋ(t)}: time varying acceleration factor

{ů(t)}: time varying velocity factor

{f(t)}: time varying load factor

The response of the system is given in terms of time histories (amplitudes versus time), or in

terms of frequency spectra (peak values versus frequency).

For linear dynamic analysis, the mass, stiffness, and damping matrices do not vary with time.

3.) Learning Objectives: The objective of this module is to introduce the student to the process

of Linear Dynamic analysis using Finite Element Method (FEM). Upon completion of the

module, the student should have a good understanding of the necessary logical steps of an FEM

analysis, and be able to perform the following tasks:

 Creating the solid geometry

 Assigning material properties

 Imposing displacement boundary conditions

 Applying external forces

 Meshing

 Running the analysis

 Verifying model correctness

 Processing needed results

4.) Prerequisites: In order to complete the learning module successfully, the following

prerequisites are required:

by subject area:

 Dynamics,

 Mechanics & vibrations of Materials.

by topic: Knowledge of

 Displacement

 Velocity

 Acceleration

 Force balance

 Types of Vibrations

 Harmonic vibrations

 Modal analysis

 Damping

 Free vibrations

 Forced vibrations

 Degrees of Freedom

 Mode shapes

5.) Pre- test: The purpose of the pre-test is to assess the student’s prior to knowledge in

subject areas relevant to static structural analysis such as Mechanics of Materials.

Fundamentals concepts including stress, strain, displacement, kinematic relationship,

equilibrium, and material properties.


1.) What is free harmonic motion?

2.) Define:

- Critical damping

- Under damping

- Over damping

3.) Differentiate free vibration and forced vibration?

4.) What is steady state vibration?

5.) Define Natural Frequency and torsional vibration.

6.) Define transient state vibration?

7.) Define single Degree of Freedom?

8.) Define mode and its shape?

9.) Differentiate Linear and Nonlinear vibrations

6.) Questions for Analysis:

A.) Do you feel it was bad to not have a teacher there to answer any questions you might


- It didn’t matter

- It would have been nice

- I really wanted to ask a question

B.) How did the interactivity of the program affect your learning?

- Improved it a lot

- Improved it somehow

- No difference

- Hurt it some

- Hurt it a lot

C.) Rank how well this learning module covers each level. 5 meaning exceptionally well and

1 meaning very poor.

1.) Knowledge (remembering previously learned material).

- 5

- 4

- 3

- 2

- 1

2.) Comprehension (the ability to catch the meaning of the material and give examples).

- 5

- 4

- 3

- 2

- 1

3.) Application (the ability to use the material in new situations).

- 5
- 4

- 3

- 2

- 1

4.) Analysis (the ability to break down material into its component parts so that its

organizational structure may be understood).

- 5

- 4

- 3

- 2

- 1

5.) Synthesis (the ability to put parts together to form a new whole).

- 5

- 4

- 3

- 2

- 1

6.) Evaluation (the ability to judge the value of the material for a given purpose).

- 5

- 4

- 3

- 2
- 1

D.) Did you prefer this module over the traditional classroom learning experience? Why or

why not.

E.) How accurate would it be to call this module self-contained and stand-alone?

- Very accurate

- Accurate

- Indifferent

- Inaccurate

- Very inaccurate

F.) What specifically did you like and/or dislike about the module.

G.) Was there any part of the module that you felt was unnecessary or redundant? Was

there a need for any additional parts?

H.) Please list any suggestions for improving this module.

I.) Overall, how would you rate your experience taking this module?

- Excellent

- Fair

- Average

- Poor

- Very poor