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ESCHATOLOGY

Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Revelation 1:3
Blessed is he that readeth, and
they that hear the words of this prophecy, and
keep those things which are written therein:
for the time is at hand.
SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY
Organizing The Teachings, Principles, Themes
of the Scripture Into Categorical Systems
SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY
Organizing The Teachings, Principles, Themes
of the Scripture Into Categorical Systems
SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY
Organizing The Teachings, Principles, Themes
of the Scripture Into Categorical Systems
SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY
Organizing The Teachings, Principles, Themes
of the Scripture Into Categorical Systems
SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY
Organizing The Teachings, Principles, Themes
of the Scripture Into Categorical Systems
SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY
Organizing The Teachings, Principles, Themes
of the Scripture Into Categorical Systems
SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY
Organizing The Teachings, Principles, Themes
of the Scripture Into Categorical Systems
SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY
Organizing The Teachings, Principles, Themes
of the Scripture Into Categorical Systems
ESCHATOLOGY
Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”
WHY IMPORTANT?

1 2 3
Its impact on how we should Its benefit on the Its provision of a clear
live our lives and what we well-being of the understanding,
are to expect to occur in awareness and
God's plan;
Body of Christ, the
Church, on the discernment of things
how the knowledge of the perspective on life and circumstances
future should affect our happening in the
actions in the present
here and now
present
ESCHATOLOGY
Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”
WHY AVOIDED, IGNORED & DISREGARDED?

1 2 3 4
Contentment in Churches are not offering Disregarding the Forgetting that the
the present life prophetic teachings on reality that God is “last things” is not
situation that the perception that in control and sove- only the scheme of
the life people are not interested reign and that the future events but
hereafter has consummation of also about other rele-
Teachers are devoting less things is according vant matters such as
lost its
time to it and discussing it to His plan, in His resurrection, judg-
attraction
with less specificity time and in His way ments, heaven & hell
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The 5 BENEFITS of Knowing & Doing


BIBLE PROPHECY (State of Last Days)
1Reminds Us 4 Help Us
That GOD IS ESTABLISH PROPER
SOVEREIGN PRIORITIES

2Reminds Us
That GOD IS 3 Motivates Us 5 Gives Us
GOOD To HOLY LIVING HOPE
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DEATH
1 REALITY 4 CONSEQUENCE
Heb 9:27 OF SIN Rom 5:12;
6:23; 1 Cor 15:56

2 PHYSICAL 3 SEPARATION 5 NOT


DEATH OF BODY OF SOUL & BODY ANNIHILATION
Mk 10:28; Lk 12:4-5 James 2:26 Lk 16:19-31
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DEATH
2 Corinthians 5:6-8
Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home
in the body, we are absent from the Lord: (For we walk by faith, not by sight:)
We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body,
and to be present with the Lord.
Philippians 1:21-23
For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain. But if I live in the flesh,
this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not.
For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart,
and to be with Christ; which is far better:
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The IMPACT of DEATH:


CAUSE OF HOPE
Philippians 1:21

1. For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.


Romans 8:38-89
DEATH IS For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor
angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things

GAIN
present, nor things to come,
Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall
be able to separate us from the love of God, which is
in Christ Jesus our Lord.
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The IMPACT of DEATH:


CAUSE OF HOPE
2.
Hebrews 2:14
Forasmuch then as the children are
partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself
JESUS likewise took part of the same; that through
death he might destroy him that had the
ABOLISHED power of death, that is, the devil;
SATAN’S POWER And deliver them who through fear of death
were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
OF DEATH
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The IMPACT of DEATH:


CAUSE OF HOPE
John 11:25-26
2. Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and
the life: he that believeth in me, though he were

JESUS dead, yet shall he live:


And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall
ABOLISHED never die. Believest thou this?
Ecclesiastes 12:7
SATAN’S POWER Then shall the dust return to the earth as it
OF DEATH was: and the spirit shall return unto God
who gave it.
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The IMPACT of DEATH:


CAUSE OF HOPE
1 Corinthians 15:25-26, 53-54

3. For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under


his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is
death.
JESUS For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this
mortal must put on immortality.
CONQUERED So when this corruptible shall have put on
incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on
DEATH immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying
that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.
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The IMPACT of DEATH:


CAUSE OF HOPE
Isaiah 25:8

3. He will swallow up death in victory; and the


Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all

JESUS faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he


take away from off all the earth: for the

CONQUERED
LORD hath spoken it.

DEATH
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The IMPACT of DEATH:


CAUSE OF HOPE
1 Corinthians 15:55-58

3.
O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy
victory?
The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the
JESUS law.
But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory

CONQUERED through our Lord Jesus Christ.


Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast,

DEATH unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the


Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in
vain in the Lord.
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The IMPACT of DEATH:


CAUSE OF HOPE
2 Corinthians 5:1-2

4. For we know that if our earthly house of this


tabernacle were dissolved, we have a

A HOME building of God, an house not made with


hands, eternal in the heavens.

IN For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be


clothed upon with our house which is from

HEAVEN heaven:
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The IMPACT of DEATH:


CAUSE OF HOPE
Philippians 1:21-24
5. For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.
But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my
OUR labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not.
For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to

“ANCHOR” depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:


Nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful

IS LIFTED for you.


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The IMPACT of DEATH:


CAUSE OF HOPE
Acts 7:54-55
But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up
6. stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and
Jesus standing on the right hand of God,

CHRIST And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the
Son of man standing on the right hand of God.
Hebrews 1:3
WELCOMES Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express
image of his person, and upholding all things by the

US word of his power, when he had by himself purged our


sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on
high;
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The IMPACT of DEATH:


CAUSE OF HOPE
Luke 23: 42-43

7. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when


thou comest into thy kingdom.

BELIEVERS
And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day
shalt thou be with me in paradise.

WILL BE
Revelation 21:3
And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying,

WITH CHRIST
Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will
dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God
himself shall be with them, and be their God.
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HEAVEN
Hebrew Greek
“shamayim” “ouranos”
“HIGH & LOFTY” “TO COVER, ENCOMPASS”

1 The 2 The 3 The


ATMOSPHERIC CELESTIAL DWELLING
Heaven Heaven PLACE OF GOD
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HEAVEN
1 The 1.1 Dew *A Reminder of God’s
Deut 33:13
ATMOSPHERIC 1.2 Frost
Graciousness*
Heaven Job 38:29 Matt 5:45
1.3 Rain & Snow That ye may be the children
Isaiah 55:10 of your Father which is in
Where the CLOUDS
are & where the 1.4 Wind heaven: for he maketh his
Job 26:13 sun to rise on the evil and on
BIRDS fly the good, and sendeth rain
1.5 Thunder
Ps 147:8 / Gen 1:20 1 Sam 2:10 on the just and on the unjust.
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HEAVEN
The REALM of: Genesis 1:1
In the beginning God created the
2 The SUN Heaven and the earth.
Psalm 33:6
CELESTIAL MOON By the word of the Lord were the
heavens made; and all the host of
Heaven STARS them by the breath of his mouth.

PLANETS Genesis 1:14


God created the And God said, Let there be lights in
OTHER the firmament of the heaven to
UNIVERSE HEAVENLY divide the day from the night; and
let them be for signs, and for
BODIES seasons, and for days, and years:
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HEAVEN
3 The 3.1 GOD Dwells 3.4 GOD’S Blessings
Matthew 6:9 Come From Exo 6:14
DWELLING
3.2 GOD Sits 3.5 GOD Hears Our
PLACE Prayers Ps 20:6
Enthroned
of GOD Ps 2:4; Isa 66:1 3.6 GOD Looks &
3.3 GOD Renders Comes Down
A Specific Judgment
Deut 6:15; Psalm 144:5
3.7 GOD Sovereign Plan
Place Where Gen 19:24;
Jos 10:11 is Established Ps 119:89
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And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To
HEAVEN day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

2 Corinthians 5:8
We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be
3 The
1
absent from the body, and to be present with the
Lord.

DWELLING OLD TESTAMENT


Philippians 1:23-25
23 For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire

PLACE
to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far
SAINTS better:
24 Nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more
Matthew 17:1-8
of GOD needful for you.

2
25 And having this confidence, I know that I shall
abide and continue with you all for your

The Occupants
furtherance and joy of faith;
NEW TESTAMENT 1 Thessalonians 4:14
BELIEVERS
of Heaven Luke 23:43
For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again,
even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God
bring with him.
Study on Eschatology / Study on Eschatology /
DIVISIONS OF HEAVENS

3The 3 or, The


DWELLING PLACE HEAVENS BEYOND
OF GOD THE STARS

2The 2 or, The


CELESTIAL STARRY
Heaven Heavens

1
The
1 or, The
ATMOSPHERIC
AERIAL
Heaven
Study on Eschatology And out of the ground made the LORD God
to grow every tree that is pleasant to the
sight, and good for food; the tree of life also
HEAVEN in the midst of the garden, and the tree of
knowledge of good and evil.
2 Corinthians 12:4

4 1
I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years
A place of ago, … such an one caught up to the third
exceptional blessed- heaven.

PARADISE ness, happiness, and


delight
How that he was caught up into paradise,
and heard unspeakable words, which it is
not lawful for a man to utter.

1. DEPICTS the 2 A picturesque


Ezekiel 36:35
And they shall say, This land that was
language for desolate is become like the garden of Eden;
Garden of Eden unparalleled beauty and the waste and desolate and ruined cities
are become fenced, and are inhabited.
Isaiah 51:3
2. DESCRIPTIVE Genesis 2:8-9 For the Lord shall comfort Zion: he will
NAME for comfort all her waste places; and he will
And the LORD God planted a
make her wilderness like Eden, and her

Heaven
garden eastward in Eden; and
desert like the garden of the Lord ; joy and
there he put the man whom he
gladness shall be found therein, thanks-
had formed.
giving, and the voice of melody.
Study on Luke 16:19-31 … 22 And it came to pass, that the beggar died,
and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich
Eschatology
man also died, and was buried;
23 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth
4 Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf
PARADISE fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot;
neither can they pass to us, that would come from thence.

SHEOL (Hebrew),
HADES (Greek), SHEOL (Hebrew),

PARADISE, HADES (Greek),


PARADISE,
HELL, HELL,
ABRAHAM’S BOSOM ABRAHAM’S
BOSOM
Study on Luke 23:42-43 And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember
Eschatology me when thou comest into thy kingdom.
And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day
5 shalt thou be with me in paradise.
INTERMEDIATE Luke 16:22 And it came to pass, that the beggar died,
and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the
HEAVEN rich man also died, and was buried;

INTERMEDIATE
INTERMEDIATE
HEAVEN
HEAVEN
Study on
Eschatology
/ SPIRITS,
UNDER-
WORLD,
HELL,
LAKE OF
FIRE
ESCHATOLOGY
Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Assignment
RESEARCH & SUBMIT (IN A SHEET OF PAPER)
NEXT MEETING THE BIBLICAL DEFINITION
OF THE FOLLOWING:

1. NEW HEAVEN & NEW EARTH 5. GEHENNA


2. NEW JERUSALEM 6. TARTARUS
3. SHEOL 7. ABYSS
4. HADES 8. LAKE OF FIRE
Study on Eschatology
Isaiah 66:22

THE NEW HEAVEN AND For as the new heavens and the
new earth, which I will make, shall
remain before me, saith the Lord ,
THE NEW EARTH so shall your seed and your name
remain.
Revelation 21:1-2 2 Peter 3:12-13
1 The FINAL 3 The
And I saw a new heaven and a Looking for and hasting unto
new earth: for the first heaven the coming of the day of God, DESTINY of PERFECTED
and the first earth were passed wherein the heavens being on
Believers STATE of The
away; and there was no more
sea.
fire shall be dissolved, and Created
the elements shall melt with 2 The Universe and
And I John saw the holy city, fervent heat?
PLACE Where
new Jerusalem, coming down Nevertheless we, according FINAL
The Saints
from God out of heaven, to his promise, look for new
Will DWELL DWELLING
prepared as a bride adorned for heavens and a new earth,
her husband. wherein dwelleth With Glorified Place of The
righteousness. Physical Bodies Righteous
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Eschatology
/ AGE &
DISPEN-
SATIONS
Study on
Eschatology / PROPHETIC DAYS
Study on
Eschatology
/ HUMAN
HISTORY
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Eschatology
/ THE
CHURCH
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CHRONOLOGY OF END-TIMES EVENTS
RECORDED Biblical History

1 of Man Coming to End; All


Ages Have Come and Gone
Revelation Chapter 21
1 Thess 4:15-17
15For this we say unto you by the word of the
Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the

2 Christ Has GATHERED His coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which
are asleep.
Church in the Rapture 16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven
with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and
with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall
rise first:
17Then we which are alive and remain shall be
caught up together with them in the clouds, to
meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be
with the Lord.

3 TRIBULATION Has Passed Revelation Chapter 6-18;


Seals, Vials
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CHRONOLOGY OF END-TIMES EVENTS, Continued
19And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and
The Battle of
4
their armies, gathered together to make war against
ARMAGEDDON Has Been him that sat on the horse, and against his army.
20
Fought and Won by The Lord And the beast was taken, and with him the false
prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which
Revelation 19:17-21 he deceived them that had received the mark of the
17And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried beast, and them that worshipped his image. These
with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with
of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the brimstone.
supper of the great God; 21And the remnant were slain with the sword of him
18That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of
captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all Revelation 20:2-3
men, both free and bond, both small and great. 2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which
is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,
Satan Chained For
5
3And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up,
1,000-YEAR and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the
nations no more, till the thousand years should be
Reign of Christ On Earth fulfilled: …
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CHRONOLOGY OF END-TIMES EVENTS, Continued
A NEW, GLORIOUS,
6 TEMPLE Has Been
Established in Jerusalem
Ezekiel Chapter 40-48
Revelation 20:7-10
7And when the thousand years are expired, Satan
The FINAL REBELLION shall be loosed out of his prison,

7
8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in
Has Been Crushed and Satan the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to
Punished, Thrown in The gather them together to battle: the number of whom
is as the sand of the sea.
Lake of Fire for Eternity 9And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and
compassed the camp of the saints about, and the
beloved city: and fire came down from God out of
heaven, and devoured them.
10And the devil that deceived them was cast into the
lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the
false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and
night for ever and ever.
Study on Eschatology
CHRONOLOGY OF END-TIMES EVENTS, Continued
Revelation 20:11-15
The GREAT, WHITE
8
11And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat
THRONE JUDGMENT Has on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled
away; and there was found no place for them.
Taken Place, and Mankind
12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before
Has Been Judged God; and the books were opened: and another book
was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead
were judged out of those things which were written
in the books, according to their works.
13And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and
death and hell delivered up the dead which were in
them: and they were judged every man according
to their works.
14And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire.
This is the second death.
15
And whosoever was not found written in the book
of life was cast into the lake of fire.
Study on Eschatology

THE NEW JERUSALEM


1 The TABERNACLE 5 The CITY
of GOD FOURSQUARE
2 The HOLY 6 The HEAVENLY
CITY JERUSALEM
3 The CITY 7 The FINAL ETERNAL
of GOD ABODE of Believers
4 The 8 The HEAVEN of the
CELESTIAL CITY ETERNAL STATE
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THE NEW JERUSALEM


Its Beauty
1 Its BRILLIANCE
Revelation 21:9-11
9And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven
vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come
hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife.
10And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and
The SHINING
shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of
RADIANCE Which heaven from God,
Comes From the 11Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most
precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;
Presence & Glory of
God (“Shekinah”)
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THE NEW JERUSALEM


Its Beauty
2
Revelation 21:12-13
Its WALLS & 12And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the
GATES gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the
names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:
13On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south
The GREAT & HIGH three gates; and on the west three gates.
WALL Signifies
Security
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THE NEW JERUSALEM


Its Beauty
Revelation 21:14

3
Its
And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the
FOUNDATION names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
STONES

The Names of
The Apostles As
THE FOUNDATION
of The Church
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THE NEW JERUSALEM


Its Beauty
4
Revelation 21:15-18
Its 15And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and
MEASUREMENT the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.
16And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth:
and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The
The Measure of It Is: length and the breadth and the height of it are equal.
17And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four
1,500 MILES or
cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel.
(2,414 KM) Long, 18And the building of the wall of it was of jasper: and the city was pure
Wide and High gold, like unto clear glass.
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THE NEW JERUSALEM


Its Beauty
5
Revelation 21:19-21
Its 19And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all
ADORNMENT manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the
second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;
20The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the
Adorned With eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the
BRILLIANT, eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.
21And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gate was of
PRECIOUS STONES
one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were
Further Reflecting transparent glass.
The Glory of God
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THE NEW JERUSALEM


Its Beauty
5 Its
ADORNMENT

Adorned With
BRILLIANT,
PRECIOUS STONES
Further Reflecting
The Glory of God
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THE NEW JERUSALEM


Its Beauty
6
Revelation 21:22
Its And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the
AVAILABILITY Lamb are the temple of it.

The
TEMPLE OF GOD &
THE LAMB Signifies
Immediate
Direct Access
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THE NEW JERUSALEM


Its Beauty
7
Revelation 21:23

Its LIGHT And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in
it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light
thereof.

The
ILLUMINATION
From The
Shekina Glory
of GOD
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THE NEW JERUSALEM


Its Beauty
8
Revelation 21:24-26

Its PURPOSE
24And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light
of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour
into it.
25And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall
The BRINGING OF be no night there.
26 And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.
GLORY & HONOR
To The Lord For The
Believers’ Redemption
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THE NEW JERUSALEM


Its Beauty
1 Its BRILLIANCE
4 Its
MEASUREMENT 7 Its
LIGHT
2 Its WALLS &
GATES
5 Its
ADORNMENT 8 Its

3
Its
FOUNDATION
STONES 6 Its
AVAILABILITY
PURPOSE
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HELL
1 2
SHEOL HADES
3 4 5
GEHENNA TARTARUS ABYSS
Study on
Eschatology
/ SPIRITS,
UNDER-
WORLD,
HELL,
LAKE OF
FIRE
Study on Eschatology /
PARADISE / HELL

1 2
SHEOL HADES

3 5
ABRAHAM’S
TARTARUS
BOSOM

4 6
ABYSS GEHENNA
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HELL

1 UNQUENCH-
ABLE FIRE
Matt 3:12, Mk 9:42,48

2 FURNACE
OF FIRE
Matt 13:42,50

3 OUTER 4 ETERNAL 5 LAKE THAT 6 LAKE


DARKNESS FIRE BURNS WITH FIRE & OF FIRE
Rev 19:20;
Matt 8:12; 22:13; 25:30 Matt 25:41 BRIMSTONE Rev 21:8 20:10,14-15
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


1 2
UNIVERSALISM ANNIHILATIONISM

3 SALVATION
4 DEGREES OF
5 LITERAL
WITHOUT & ETERNAL
PUNISHMENT
KNOWING CHRIST PUNISHMENT
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


1 The BELIEF That Everyone Will
Be Saved, or
UNIVERSALISM
or Universal The BELIEF That Every Human
Reconciliation Soul Will Ultimately Be
or Universal Reconciled to God Because of
Salvation His Divine Love and Mercy
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


JUSTIFICATIONS:
1 1. The thought that men and women will live a life of

UNIVERSALISM
eternal torment in hell causes some to reject the
Scriptures’ teaching on the issue
or Universal Origen (Greek sch) take it as “threat,” “exhortation,”
“an intentional and gracious deceit on God’s part to
Reconciliation deter men from sinning;”

or Universal That, eventually, “there would be a universal


restoration of everyone including Satan, sodomites
Salvation and others.”
Study on Eschatology

VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


JUSTIFICATIONS:
1 2. The over-emphasis on the love and compassion of

UNIVERSALISM
God — and the neglect of the holiness, righteousness
and justice of God — that leads some to believe God
or Universal will have mercy on every living soul.

Reconciliation Some believe that people will not remain in hell


because it is against God’s nature: “In a universe of
or Universal love, there can be no heaven which tolerates a
chamber of horrors, no hell for any which does not
Salvation at the same time make a hell for God.”
Study on Eschatology

VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY:
1 1. The unredeemed will dwell forever in hell; the Lord’s
own words confirm the time spent in heaven for the
UNIVERSALISM redeemed will last as long as that of the unredeemed
in hell. The punishment of the unsaved is just as
or Universal eternal as the life of the righteous.

Reconciliation Matt 25:41, 46 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart
from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his

or Universal angels: … And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the
righteous into life eternal.

Salvation Mark 9:43-44 … into the fire that never shall be quenched: Where their
worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY:
1 2. God is certainly full of love and mercy; it was these qualities
that led Him to send His own Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, to
UNIVERSALISM earth to die on the cross for us. And only through the Lord
that one is able to spend eternity in heaven:
or Universal Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other

Reconciliation
name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
1 Tim 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men,

or Universal
the man Christ Jesus;
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no

Salvation
man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
John 3:16, 18, 36 “…. everlasting life … wrath of God abideth…”
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE LORD’S
1 SACRIFICE AND SUBSTITUTIONARY DEATH
ON THE CROSS?
UNIVERSALISM
or Universal LOVE
Reconciliation COMPASSION
or Universal HOLINESS
Salvation JUSTICE
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


2
The BELIEF that unbelievers will not experience
an eternity of suffering in hell, but will instead be
“extinguished” (annihilated) after death, or
ANNIHILATIONISM
or The BELIEF that after the final judgment some
human beings and all fallen angels (all of the
Extinctionism damned) will be totally destroyed so as to not
or exist, or that their consciousness will be
“extinguished” (annihilated), rather than suffer
Destructionism everlasting torment in hell.
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


JUSTIFICATIONS:
2 1. The “lake of fire” is such a place where the wicked would
be instantly consumed when cast into it
ANNIHILATIONISM WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY:
or The “lake of fire” is both a physical and spiritual realm. It is not simply a
human body being cast into the lake of fire; it is a man’s body and soul.
Extinctionism A spiritual nature cannot be consumed by physical fire; Scriptures
or declared that the unsaved (wicked) are resurrected with a body
prepared for eternity (eternal destiny) just as the saved are.

Destructionism READ: Revelation 20:13; Acts 24:15; John 5:29; 2 Thes 1:8-10
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


JUSTIFICATIONS:
2 2. The word “eternal” in Greek “aionion” does not, by
definition, mean eternal but refers to “age” or “eon”
ANNIHILATIONISM 3. The claim that God alone possesses immortality

or (1 Tim 6:16) and immortality is only to life, not to


death (as Christ in 2 Tim 1:10)

Extinctionism WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY:

or READ: Revelation 20:10, 14-15; Matt 25:46


Satan (the Devil), the Beast, and the False Prophet along with the
Destructionism wicked in eternal punishment; the premise that if the torment is
only for an “age,” it follows the same period of life for believers.
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


JUSTIFICATIONS:
2 4. It would be unjust for God to punish unbelievers in hell for
eternity for a finite amount of sin.
ANNIHILATIONISM WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY:
or READ: Psalm 51:4; Romans 3:23; 5:12; 6:23;

Extinctionism Our sin bears an eternal consequence because it is committed


against an eternal God. All sin is ultimately against God.
or God is an eternal and infinite Being. As a result, all sin against
Him is worthy of an eternal punishment. It is not a matter of
Destructionism length, degree, and nature of sin but the character of God
against whom we sin
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


JUSTIFICATIONS:
2 5. It would be impossible to have complete joy in heaven
knowing our loved ones were suffering an eternity of
ANNIHILATIONISM torment in hell

or WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY:


READ: Revelation 21:4-5
Extinctionism And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be

or no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any
more pain: for the former things are passed away.

Destructionism And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new.
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


WHAT IS THE CHALLENGE OF
2 THE ETERNALITY OF OUR DESTINY?

ANNIHILATIONISM Our focus/concern should not be on


HOW we can enjoy heaven
or
without all of our loved ones there,
Extinctionism
but on HOW we can point
or our loved ones to FAITH IN CHRIST
Destructionism so that they will be there.
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE LORD’S
2 SACRIFICE AND SUBSTITUTIONARY DEATH
ON THE CROSS?
ANNIHILATIONISM
It Is An INFINITE DEATH-PAYMENT
or
To Man’s INFINITE SIN-DEBT
Extinctionism
Any DECISION (Accepting or Rejecting)
or God’s Gift or Provision
Destructionism Has _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Consequences
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


The BELIEF That There Is Salvation
3 EVEN Without The Lord Jesus Christ

SALVATION Can people who have NEVER HEARD


Without of the Name of Christ BE SAVED?
Knowing CHRIST Will there be OPPORTUNITY AFTER
DEATH for people to BE SAVED?
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


1. JUSTIFICATION of “RESTING on GOD’S
CHARACTER of FAIRNESS and GOODNESS”:

3 Some believe that people who have never heard of Christ


need not be condemned to hell.

SALVATION “Of one thing we can be certain: God will not abandon in hell those
who have not known and therefore have not declined His offer of
Without grace.

Knowing CHRIST Though He has not told us the nature of His arrangements, we cannot
doubt the existence and goodness of them.”

WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY: (Assignment)


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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


2. JUSTIFICATION of “RESTING on GOD’S
ULTIMATELY GOOD PURPOSE”:

3 Some believe that people will have opportunity to be saved


after death, even translated from hell to heaven.

SALVATION “punishment in hell is both punitive and remedial…. We do not wish to build
fences around God’s grace, however, and we do not preclude the possibility

Without that some in hell might finally be translated into heaven.


The gates of the holy city are depicted as being open day and night

Knowing CHRIST (Isa. 60:11; Rev. 21:25), and this means that access to the throne of grace is
possible continuously. The gates of hell are locked but they are locked only
from within…. We can affirm salvation on the other side of the grave.”

WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY: (Assignment)


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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


3. JUSTIFICATION of “RESTING on GOD’S
INFINITE GRACE”:

3 Some believe that God’s saving grace will go further than or


past this earthly life.

SALVATION “It is hard to defend the proposition that saving grace in Christ extends to
all men without logically being led to extend the operation of grace beyond

Without the life of man in this world….


Those who in this world have lived according to the limited light which was

Knowing CHRIST granted to them will find, when they awake in the life to come, that they
belong to Christ, even though in this life they were not apparently
Christians.”

WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY: (Assignment)


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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


That There are INFERENCES from
the Scriptures on the Degrees of
4 Punishment in Hell
(That There Are)
That There are Bible Passages that
DEGREES of IMPLY that There are Certain Levels
PUNISHMENT or Extent of Punishment or Severity
of Judgment for Different People
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


1. COMPARATIVE Punishment for PEOPLE
Who Were Graciously Provided For With Certain
4 Knowledge and Those Who Received Less
Luke 12:47-48

(That There Are) And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself,
neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.

DEGREES of But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be
beaten with few stripes. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall
be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they
PUNISHMENT will ask the more.
James 3:1
My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the
greater condemnation.
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


2. COMPARATIVE Punishment for PLACES
Which Reject The Gospel
4 Luke 10:10-14
10 But into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not, go your ways

out into the streets of the same, and say,


(That There Are) 11 Even the very dust of your city, which cleaveth on us, we do wipe off

against you: notwithstanding be ye sure of this, that the kingdom of God

DEGREES of is come nigh unto you.


12 But I say unto you, that it shall be more tolerable in that day for Sodom,

than for that city.


PUNISHMENT 13 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty

works had been done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done in you,
they had a great while ago repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.
14 But it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment, than

for you.
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


3. IN GENERAL, the People’s Judgment and the
Corresponding Punishment is ACCORDING To
4 What They Had Done As Recorded
Rev 20:11-15

(That There Are)


11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, …
12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books

were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life:
DEGREES of and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the
books, according to their works.

PUNISHMENT
13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell

delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every
man according to their works. ….
15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the

lake of fire.
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


4. The Two Senses of What “ACCORDING To
Their Works” May Mean:
4 Rev 20:12-13
12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books
were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life:
(That There Are) and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the
books, according to their works.

DEGREES of 13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell

delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every

PUNISHMENT
man according to their works.

A. That the wicked is worthy of condemnation


B. That through their works they will suffer degrees
of punishment
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


That BELIEF That the Punishment for the
Wicked is Everlasting and That It is
5 Punitive, Not Redemptive.
LITERAL and Matt 25:46
ETERNAL And these shall go away into
PUNISHMENT everlasting punishment: but the
righteous into life eternal.
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY:
Matthew 25:46

5 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the


righteous into life eternal.

LITERAL and
(from Greek “aionion,” meaning, from the context, unending, forever,
continuous, permanent)

ETERNAL  1. The same adjective “eternal” defines and describes both punish-
ment and life. If life is eternal, unending, and ongoing, then it

PUNISHMENT follows that by nature of the statement punishment must also be.
 2. The everlastingness of the destiny of the wicked (‘the goats’) also
points to be equivalent to the everlastingness of the destiny of the
righteous (‘the sheep’)
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY:
Matthew 25:46

5 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the


righteous into life eternal.

LITERAL and
(from Greek “aionion,” meaning, from the context, unending, forever,
continuous, permanent)

ETERNAL  3. If we consider that the destiny of the righteous is measurable (by the
term eternal) and that of the wicked is not, is exegeting the text

PUNISHMENT inaccurately.
 4. “Aionios” is used 66 times in the New Testament:
51 times – happiness of the righteous; 2 times – duration of God
in His glory; 6 times – endless; and 7 times – wicked’s punishment
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


WHAT THE SCRIPTURES SAY:
Matthew 25:46

5 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the


righteous into life eternal.

LITERAL and
(from Greek “aionion,” meaning, from the context, unending, forever,
continuous, permanent)

ETERNAL
 5. The term the Lord Jesus Christ used in Matt 5:22, 30; 13:29-30 for
hell is LITERAL FIRE, and a PLACE OF TORMENT (Luke 16:23-28)

PUNISHMENT  6. Hell, further, is a PLACE OF DARKNESS (Matt 25:30);


– a place of punishment far removed from the Kingdom of God,
– and literally, as a place for future punishment
– opposite the brilliance of God’s glory in heaven (Rev 22:5)
– away from the Lord’s presence & glory of His power (2 Thess 1:9)
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


1 2
UNIVERSALISM ANNIHILATIONISM

3 SALVATION
4 DEGREES OF
5 LITERAL
WITHOUT & ETERNAL
PUNISHMENT
KNOWING CHRIST PUNISHMENT
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VIEWS of Eternal Punishment


WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE LORD’S
For he hath made him to be sin for SACRIFICE AND SUBSTITUTIONARY DEATH
us, who knew no sin; that we might ON THE CROSS?
be made the righteousness of God
in him. It Is An INFINITE DEATH-PAYMENT
To Man’s INFINITE SIN-DEBT
16For God so loved the world, that Any DECISION (Accepting or Rejecting)
he gave his only begotten Son, that
whosoever believeth in him should God’s Gift or Provision
not perish, but have everlasting life. Has ETERNAL Consequences
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The Return of the Lord Jesus Christ

The Resurrection of the Dead

The Judgments

The Eternal State


ESCHATOLOGY
Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Revelation 1:3
Blessed is he that readeth, and
they that hear the words of this prophecy, and
keep those things which are written therein:
for the time is at hand.
ESCHATOLOGY
Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Revelation 19:11-16
11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called
Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
12 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name

written, that no man knew, but he himself.


13 And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.
14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen,

white and clean.


15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he

shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath
of Almighty God.
16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF

LORDS.
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The Second Coming
First Coming
Isa 7:13
Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall
The conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
As A Baby Isa 9:6-7
Isaiah 7:14; 9:6-7 6For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government
shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful,
Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
The MOST HUMBLE
7Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end,
of CIRCUMSTANCES:
upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to
“in a manger;” “no room establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for
at the inn” Luke 2:7 ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
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THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Second Coming
The First Coming
Heb 5:8-9 Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things
which he suffered; And being made perfect, he became the author of
As A Suffering eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;

Servant Heb 9:26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of
Hebrews 5:8; 9:26; 1 Peter 3:18 the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put
away sin by the sacrifice of himself.
The MOST HUMBLE 1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the
of CIRCUMSTANCES: unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but
quickened by the Spirit:
“open shame;” “despising
the shame” Hebrews 6:6; 12:2
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THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Second Coming
The Second Coming 2 Thess 1:7-10
7 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be
As A Deliverer & revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,
8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that

Conquering King obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence
2 Thes 1:7-10; Romans 8:17
of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;
10 When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all
The MOST “GLORIOUS them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in
APPEARING”: “blessed that day.
hope;” “power and great Rom 8:17 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not
glory” Titus 2:13; Matt 24:30 worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
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THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Second Coming
The Second
Coming
Matthew Chapters 13, 24, 25; Mark Chapter 13; Luke Chapter 21;
1 and 2 Thessalonians and Revelations

A Prominent doctrine mentioned over 300 times (in the above)

TRUTHS Acts 1:11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into
heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so
come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.
AS THE SCRIPTURES
Matt 24:36, 42 But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the
DECLARE angels of heaven, but my Father only. … Watch therefore: for ye know
not what hour your Lord doth come.
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THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Second Coming
Second
Matt 24:48-51 But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord
delayeth his coming;
The
Coming And shall begin to smite his fellow servants, and to eat and drink with the

TRUTHS
drunken;
The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him,
and in an hour that he is not aware of,
And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the
A TIME FOR hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
JUDGMENT Matt 25:29-30 … but from him that hath not shall be taken away even
that which he hath. And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer
For The Wicked darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
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THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Second Coming
Second
John 14:1-3 Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also
in me. In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would
The have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a
Coming place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I

TRUTHS am, there ye may be also. (COMFORT)


Matt 24:45-47 Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath
made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season? Bles-
sed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.
A JOYOUS Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods.
ANTICIPATION Matt 25:14-30 For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall
have abundance: … (REWARDS)
For The Believers
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THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Second Coming
Second
Phil 3:20-21 For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look
for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:
The
Coming Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his

TRUTHS
glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to
subdue all things unto himself. (GLORIFICATION)
1 John 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet
appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we
A JOYOUS shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. (IMMORTALITY)

ANTICIPATION 1 Thes 4:13-18 (The Rapture of the Saints) (COMFORT)


Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of
For The Believers the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; (BLESSED HOPE)
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THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Second Coming
Second
Heb 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto
them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto
The salvation. (SALVATION, FREE FROM THE PRESENCE OF SIN)
Coming

TRUTHS Rev 22:20-21 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly.
Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be
with you all. Amen. (JOYOUS EXPECTATION)

A JOYOUS
ANTICIPATION
For The Believers
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The Second Coming
Second
1 John 3:2-3 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet
appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we
The shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
Coming

TRUTHS
And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is
pure. (BE ACCEPTABLE, HOLY, PURE)
2 Peter 3:10-11
10But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which
A VITAL the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall
melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall
CHALLENGE be burned up.
11Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of
To The Believers persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness,
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The Second Coming
Second
2 Peter 3:12-14
12Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein
The the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt
Coming with fervent heat?

TRUTHS 13Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a
new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.
14Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent
A VITAL that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.
(WORKING FAITH, THE FRUIT OF FAITH)
CHALLENGE
To The Believers
ESCHATOLOGY
The Second Revelation 19:11-16
Coming
Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called
Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
12 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name

written, that no man knew, but he himself.


13 And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.
14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen,

white and clean.


15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he

shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath
of Almighty God.
16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF

LORDS.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Rapture 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

13 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye
sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.
14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God
bring with him.
15 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the
coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.
16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel,
and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:
17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to
meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
18 Wherefore comfort one another with these words.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Rapture 1 Corinthians 15:50-54Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth
corruption inherit incorruption.
51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and
the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.
54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on
immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in
victory.
Study on
Eschatology
/ CHRIST’S
SECOND
COMING
Study on
Eschatology
/ THE
RESUR-
RECTIONS
AND
JUDGMENTS
Study on
Eschatology
/ AGE &
DISPEN-
SATIONS
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The Rapture & TheSecond Coming
The RAPTURE The SECOND COMING
The rapture of the Church is the The Lord Jesus Christ’s future return
event in which God “snatches away” to the earth at the end of the
or the “carrying off” of all believers present age; the Second Coming is
from the earth in order to make way when the Lord returns to defeat the
for His righteous judgment to be Antichrist, destroy evil, and
poured out on the earth during the establish His millennial kingdom.
tribulation period. 1 Thes 4:13-18; Revelation 19:11-16; 1 Thes 3:13;
1 Cor 15:50-54 Matthew 25:31
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The Rapture & TheSecond Coming
The RAPTURE The SECOND COMING
1. Believers meet the Lord in the 1. Believers return with the Lord to
air. 1 Thes 4:17 the earth. Rev 19:14; 1 Thes 3:13
2. Occurs before the Great Tribulation 2. Occurs after the great and terrible
Period. 1 Thes 5:9; Rev 3:10 Tribulation Period. Rev Chapt 6-19
3. The removal of believers from the earth 3. Includes the removal of unbelievers as
as an act of deliverance. 1 Thes 4:13-17 an act of judgment. Rev 20:11-15
4. Comes secretly and instantly. 4. Happens visibly to all. Rev 1:7;
1 Cor 15:50-54; 2 Peter 3:10 Matthew 24:29-30
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The Rapture & TheSecond Coming
The RAPTURE The SECOND COMING
5. Could happen any moment; its taking 5. Occurs only after certain end-times
place is imminent. Titus 2:13; events will have taken place.
1 Thes 4:13-18; 1 Cor 15:50-54 2 Thes 2:3-4; Matthew 24:15-30
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THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Rapture & TheSecond Coming
The RAPTURE & The SECOND COMING Are Separate Events
1. The Rapture and the Second Coming are not the same event; otherwise believers
will have to go through tribulation . 1 Thessalonians 5:9; Revelation 3:10
2. The Rapture and the Second Coming are not the same event; otherwise the return
of Christ is not imminent and will only happen after certain things shall have
occurred. Matthew 24:4-30
3. The Tribulation Period nowhere mentions the Church. The Great Tribulation is also
described as “Jacob’s Trouble” Jeremiah 30:7 and the period God will turn again to
Israel for their coming back to the Lord Romans 11:17-31
Study on Eschatology

The Resurrection of the Dead

The Judgments

The Eternal State

Millennial Reign, Views

Rapture, Views
ESCHATOLOGY
The Resurrection Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Revelation 20:4-6
of The Dead
4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the
souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which
had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their
foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.
5 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first
resurrection.
6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no
power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.
Study on Eschatology

1 The Resurrection of TheDead


THE RETURN OF CHRIST

The HOPE of Bodily Resurrection

For DAVID For KORAH For ASAPH For ISAIAH For DANIEL
It is the hope of It is the faith that It is the It is the
It is the God rescuing him God would guide declaration of certainty of two
awakening in from death & him thru life and the eternal
God’s received him to eventually receive resurrection destinies: life
presence. His presence him in heaven. hope. and judgment
Psalm 17:15 Psalm 49:15 Psalm 73:24-25 Isaiah 26:19 Daniel 12:1-2
Study on Eschatology

2 The Resurrection of TheDead THE RETURN OF CHRIST

As TAUGHT, DECLARED & By The POWER of The LORD


Mark 12:24-27 Luke 20:34-38
Matthew 22:29-32 24 And Jesus answering said unto them, Do 34 And Jesus answering said unto them, The
29 Jesus answered and said unto them, ye not therefore err, because ye know not children of this world marry, and are given in
Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, the scriptures, neither the power of God? marriage:
nor the power of God. 25 For when they shall rise from the dead, 35 But they which shall be accounted worthy to
30 For in the resurrection they neither
they neither marry, nor are given in obtain that world, and the resurrection from the
marry, nor are given in marriage, but dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage:
marriage; but are as the angels which are in
are as the angels of God in heaven. 36 Neither can they die any more: for they are
31 But as touching the resurrection of heaven.
26 And as touching the dead, that they rise: equal unto the angels; and are the children of
the dead, have ye not read that which God, being the children of the resurrection.
have ye not read in the book of Moses, how 37 Now that the dead are raised, even Moses
was spoken unto you by God, saying,
32 I am the God of Abraham, and the in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am shewed at the bush, when he calleth the Lord
God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and
God is not the God of the dead, but of and the God of Jacob? the God of Jacob.
27 He is not the God of the dead, but the 38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the
the living.
God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err. living: for all live unto him.
Study on Eschatology

3 The Resurrection of TheDead THE RETURN OF CHRIST

As GOD’S PURPOSE & JUDGMENT


John 6:39-40 John 6:44, 54 John 11:23-26 John 5:28-29
39 And this is the Father's will 44 23 28
No man can come to Jesus saith unto her, Thy Marvel not at this: for
which hath sent me, that of me, except the Father brother shall rise again. the hour is coming, in the
all which he hath given me I which hath sent me 24 Martha saith unto him, I know which all that are in the
should lose nothing, but draw him: and I will that he shall rise again in the graves shall hear his voice,
should raise it up again at raise him up at the last resurrection at the last day.
the last day. day. 25 Jesus said unto her, I am the 29 And shall come forth;
40 And this is the will of him
resurrection, and the life: he that they that have done good,
54 Whoso eateth my
that sent me, that every one believeth in me, though he were unto the resurrection of
which seeth the Son, and flesh, and drinketh my dead, yet shall he live: life; and they that have
believeth on him, may have blood, hath eternal life; 26 And whosoever liveth and done evil, unto the
everlasting life: and I will and I will raise him up believeth in me shall never die. resurrection of
raise him up at the last day. at the last day. Believest thou this? damnation.
Study on Eschatology

4 The Resurrection of TheDead THE RETURN OF CHRIST

As FOUNDATIONAL/DOCTRINE To The Christian Faith


1 Cor 15:12-19 1 Thess 4:15-18
12 Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say 15 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord,
some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? that we which are alive and remain unto the coming
13 But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen:
of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.
14 And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your 16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven

faith is also vain. with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and
15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have
with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall
testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, rise first:
if so be that the dead rise not. 17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be
16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:
caught up together with them in the clouds, to
17 And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.
meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be
18 Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.
with the Lord.
19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most 18 Wherefore comfort one another with these

miserable. words.
Study on Eschatology

4 The Resurrection of TheDeadTHE RETURN OF CHRIST

As FOUNDATIONAL/DOCTRINE To The Christian Faith


Acts 2:30-32 Acts 4:1-2, 33 Acts 17:18, 32
30 Therefore being a prophet, and 1 And as they spake unto the 18Then certain philosophers of the
knowing that God had sworn with people, the priests, and the Epicureans, and of the Stoicks,
an oath to him, that of the fruit of captain of the temple, and the encountered him. And some said,
his loins, according to the flesh, he Sadducees, came upon them, What will this babbler say? other
would raise up Christ to sit on his 2 Being grieved that they taught some, He seemeth to be a setter
throne; the people, and preached forth of strange gods: because he
31 He seeing this before spake of through Jesus the resurrection preached unto them Jesus, and
the resurrection of Christ, that from the dead. the resurrection.
his soul was not left in hell, neither 33 And with great power gave the 32 And when they heard of the
his flesh did see corruption. apostles witness of the resurrect- resurrection of the dead, some
32 This Jesus hath God raised up, tion of the Lord Jesus: and great mocked: and others said, We will
whereof we all are witnesses. grace was upon them all. hear thee again of this matter.
Study on Eschatology

4 The Resurrection of TheDeadTHE RETURN OF CHRIST

As FOUNDATIONAL/DOCTRINE To The Christian Faith


Acts 23:6, 8 Acts 24:14-15, 21 Acts 26:22-23
6 But when Paul perceived that 14 But this I confess unto thee, that 22Having therefore obtained help
the one part were Sadducees, and after the way which they call heresy, of God, I continue unto this day,
the other Pharisees, he cried out so worship I the God of my fathers, witnessing both to small and great,
in the council, Men and brethren, I believing all things which are written saying none other things than
am a Pharisee, the son of a in the law and in the prophets: those which the prophets and
Pharisee: of the hope and 15 And have hope toward God, which
Moses did say should come:
resurrection of the dead I am they themselves also allow, that there
23That Christ should suffer, and
called in question. shall be a resurrection of the dead,
8 For the Sadducees say that both of the just and unjust. that he should be the first that
there is no resurrection, neither 21 …I cried standing among them, should rise from the dead, and
angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees Touching the resurrection of the dead I should shew light unto the people,
confess both. am called in question by you this day. and to the Gentiles.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Judgments Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Romans 2:2; Revelation 20:10-15


2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such
things.
10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet
are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there
was found no place for them.
12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened,
which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to
their works.
13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they
were judged every man according to their works.
14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
Study on Eschatology

THE PAST & CURRENT Judgments


1 Lucifer & the 2 During the
Fallen Angels Flood in Noah’s
2 Peter 2:4; Jude 6 Days Genesis 6-7
3 At the Tower 4 Israel’s
of Babel Northern Kingdom
Genesis 11:1-9 2 Kings 17:1-6

5 The Southern 6 Ananias & 7 In The Present


Kingdom of Judah Sapphira Age Romans 1:17-28
2 Kings 25:1-12 Acts 5:1-11
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL Judgment

1 The Lord Jesus 2 All Will Die


Christ Rendering & Be Judged
Judgment Ultimately
John 5:27-29 Hebrews 9:27

3 Judgment According 4 Judgment 5 Judgment According


To Works/Deeds According Faithful To Knowledge/
(Decision/Choices/ Stewardship Revelation Received
Acceptance/Rejection) Matthew 25:14-30 (Talents); Matthew 11:20-24
Matthew 16:24-27 Luke 19:11-27 (Money)
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Wicked/Unbelievers/The Devil
2 Eternal
1 At The Great
Destiny:
White Throne
Revelation 20:11-15 The Lake of Fire
Revelation 20:15

3 Eternal Fire 4 The Lake of Fire


for Satan, His Demons/
for the Devil and
The Beast &
His Angels The False Prophet
Matthew 25:41 Revelation 20:10
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
1 At The 2 Believer’s
Judgment Seat Life/Motive Will
of Christ Be Reflected
Rom 14:10; 2 Cor 5:10 3 Believer’s 1 Cor 3:12-15; 4:5
Deeds Will Be
Rewarded
Accordingly
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15
Study on Eschatology

The Eternal State

Millennial Reign, Views

Rapture, Views

Great Tribulation, Views


Study on
Eschatology

VIEWS
ON:

The Second
Coming

The Rapture Acts 17:30-31


Acts 24:24-25
The Resurrection Rom 2:2
1 Cor 4:5
The Judgments Jude 1:14-17
Luke 12:1-2
The Great
Tribulation

The Millennium

Israel and The


Church

According to TIME;
LITERAL/SYMBOLIC
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
1 At The 2 Believer’s
Judgment Seat Life/Motive Will
of Christ Be Reflected
Rom 14:10; 2 Cor 5:10 3 Believer’s 1 Cor 3:12-15; 4:5
Deeds Will Be
Rewarded 1 John 2:2
Accordingly John 3:16
Romans 8:1
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15
ESCHATOLOGY
The Judgments Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

1 Corinthians 9:23-25; James 1:12


of The Believers
23 And this I do for the gospel's sake, that I might be partaker thereof with you.
24 Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye
may obtain.
25 And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain
a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.
12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of
life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
1 Cor 9:16-19 16 For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for

3Believer’s Deeds
necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel!
17 For if I do this thing willingly, I have a reward: but if against my will, a dispensation

Will Be Rewarded of the gospel is committed unto me.


18 What is my reward then? Verily that, when I preach the gospel, I may make the

Accordingly gospel of Christ without charge, that I abuse not my power in the gospel.
19 For though I be free from all men, yet have I made myself servant unto all, that I
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15
might gain the more.
1. HOW FAITHFUL YOU SERVE THE LORD JESUS CHRIST
2 Tim 2:2-5 2 And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses,
BASES the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also.
3 Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.
4 No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may

of Rewards please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.


5 And if a man also strive for masteries, yet is he not crowned, except he strive

lawfully.
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
1 Cor 4:1-2 1 Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards

3Believer’s Deeds
of the mysteries of God.
2 Moreover it is required in stewards, that a man be found faithful.

Will Be Rewarded 1. HOW FAITHFUL WE SERVE THE LORD JESUS CHRIST


Accordingly Matt 28:19-20 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15 name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I

am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

BASES Mark 16:15, 20 15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the
gospel to every creature.

of Rewards 20And they went forth, and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them,
and confirming the word with signs following. Amen.
2. HOW WELL WE OBEYED THE GREAT COMMISSION
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
Rom 6:1-4
3Believer’s Deeds
1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?
2 God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?

Will Be Rewarded 3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized

into his death?


Accordingly 4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was

1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15 raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in
newness of life.

3. HOW VICTORIOUS WE WERE OVER SIN (Not as Works


BASES But As A Responsibility, As A Demonstration of our Faith,
As Fruit of The Spirit)
of Rewards
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
James 3:1-12 1 My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive
3Believer’s Deeds the greater condemnation.
2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a

Will Be Rewarded perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. ….

Accordingly Matt 12:36-37 36 But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak,
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15 they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.
37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be

condemned.
4. HOW WELL WE CONTROLLED OUR TONGUE
BASES Col 4:6 6 Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may
know how ye ought to answer every man.

of Rewards Eph 4:29 29 Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that
which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers.
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
3Believer’s Deeds “CROWN”
Will Be Rewarded From Greek
Accordingly “Stephanos”
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15
1 Cor 9:23-25 23 And this I do for the gospel's

5 Meaning sake, that I might be partaker thereof with you.


24 Know ye not that they which run in a race run
The Heavenly A BADGE OF ROYALTY all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye
may obtain.
Crowns A PRIZE IN PUBLIC GAMES 25 And every man that striveth for the mastery

A SYMBOL OF HONOR is temperate in all things. Now they do it to


As Rewards obtain a corruptible crown; but we an
incorruptible.
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
Thess 2:19-20
3Believer’s Deeds
Will Be Rewarded
19 For what is our hope, or joy, or
crown of rejoicing? Are not even
Accordingly
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15 ye in the presence of our Lord
Jesus Christ at his coming?

The 5 Heavenly
Crowns
“SOULWINNER’S
Crown”
20 For ye are our glory and joy.

As Rewards
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
2 Tim 4:8
3Believer’s Deeds
Will Be Rewarded 8 Henceforth there is laid up for
Accordingly me a crown of righteousness,
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15 which the Lord, the righteous

5
judge, shall give me at that day:
and not to me only, but unto all
The Heavenly “_ _ _ _ _ _ _’S them also that love his
Crowns Crown” appearing.
As Rewards
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
1 Peter 5:2-4
3Believer’s Deeds 2 Feed the flock of God which is among
Will Be Rewarded you, taking the oversight thereof, not
Accordingly by constraint, but willingly; not for
filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15

5
3 Neither as being lords over God's
heritage, but being ensamples to the
The Heavenly “THE PASTOR’S/ flock.
Crowns ELDERS/UNDER-
4 And when the chief Shepherd shall
SHEPHERD’S
As Rewards Crown”
appear, ye shall receive a crown of
glory that fadeth not away.
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
1 Cor 9:24-25
3Believer’s Deeds
24Know ye not that they which
Will Be Rewarded run in a race run all, but one
Accordingly receiveth the prize? So run, that
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15 ye may obtain.

The 5 Heavenly
Crowns
“THE VICTOR’S
Crown”
25And every man that striveth for
the mastery is temperate in all
things. Now they do it to obtain a
corruptible crown; but we an
As Rewards incorruptible.
Study on Eschatology

THE FUTURE & FINAL JUDGMENT


For The Believers
1 Revelation 2:10
3Believer’s Deeds
Will Be Rewarded 10Fear none of those things
Accordingly which thou shalt suffer: behold,
1 Cor 3:12-13, 14-15 the devil shall cast some of you

5
into prison, that ye may be tried;
and ye shall have tribulation ten
The Heavenly “THE MARTYR’S days: be thou faithful unto
Crowns Crown” death, and I will give thee a
As Rewards crown of life.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Tribulation Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Revelation 6:16-17; 11:18; 14:19


Rev 6:16-17
16
Period
1 The OUTPOURING of GOD’S WRATH THROUGHOUT
THE 7 YEARS in the FUTURE

And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on
the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
17 For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

Rev 11:18
18And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be
judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and
them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.
Rev 14:19
19And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it
into the great winepress of the wrath of God.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Tribulation Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Revelation 15:1; 16:1,19


Rev 15:1
1
Period
1 The OUTPOURING of GOD’S WRATH THROUGHOUT
THE 7 YEARS in the FUTURE

And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last
plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.

Rev 16:1
1 And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out
the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth.

Rev 16:19
19And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great
Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of
his wrath.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Tribulation Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Revelation 14:7; 15:4; 16:5-7; 19:2


Rev 14:7
7 Saying with
Period
2 It is DESCRIBED as GOD’S JUDGMENT

a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him
that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
Rev 15:4
4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and
worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.
Rev 16:6-7
6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.
7 And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.

Rev 19:2
2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her

fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Tribulation Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Isaiah 24:21-22
Isa 24:21-22
21
Period
3 It is ALSO DESCRIBED as GOD’S PUNISHMENT

And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall punish the host of the high ones
that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.
22 And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be

shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Tribulation Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Isaiah 24:1, 3-6,21


Isa 24:1,3-6, 21
24
Period
1 The WHOLE EARTH WILL BE INVOLVED

Behold, the Lord maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth
abroad the inhabitants thereof.
3 The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the Lord hath spoken this word.
4 The earth mourneth and fadeth away, the world languisheth and fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth

do languish.
5 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the

ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.


6 Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the

inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left.


21 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and

the kings of the earth upon the earth.


ESCHATOLOGY
The Tribulation Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Isaiah 34:1-2; Jer 30:7; Dan 9:24


Isa 34:1-2
Period
1 The WHOLE EARTH WILL BE INVOLVED
1 Come near, ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people: let the earth hear, and all that is therein; the world, and all

things that come forth of it.


2 For the indignation of the Lord is upon all nations, and his fury upon all their armies: he hath utterly destroyed them,

he hath delivered them to the slaughter.

Jer 30:7 2 It ALSO INVOLVES GOD’S


CHASTISEMENT of ISRAEL
7 Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob's trouble; but he shall be saved out of it.

Dan 9:24
24Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make
an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the
vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Tribulation Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Revelation 6:10; 11:10

Rev 6:10
Period
1 TO JUDGE PEOPLE LIVING ON EARTH

10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not

judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?

Rev 11:10
10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall

send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the
earth.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Tribulation Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Revelation 13:8, 12, 14


Period
Rev 13:8, 12, 14
1 TO JUDGE PEOPLE LIVING ON EARTH

8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of

life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.


12 And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them

which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.
14 And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power

to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an
image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Tribulation Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Revelation 14:6; 17:8


Rev 14:6
Period
1 TO JUDGE PEOPLE LIVING ON EARTH

6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto

them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,

Rev 17:8
8 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go

into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in
the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is
not, and yet is.
ESCHATOLOGY
The Tribulation Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

Ezekiel 36:18-32; Malachi 4:5-6


Ezek 36:21-24
Period
2 TO PREPARE ISRAEL FOR HER KING
21 But I had pity for mine holy name, which the house of Israel had profaned among the heathen, whither they went.
22 Therefore say unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord God ; I do not this for your sakes, O house of Israel, but for

mine holy name's sake, which ye have profaned among the heathen, whither ye went.
23 And I will sanctify my great name, which was profaned among the heathen, which ye have profaned in the midst of

them; and the heathen shall know that I am the Lord , saith the Lord God , when I shall be sanctified in you before their
eyes.
24 For I will take you from among the heathen, and gather you out of all countries, and will bring you into your own land.

Mal 4:5-6
5 Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord :
6 And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and

smite the earth with a curse.


Study on Eschatology

THE TRIBULATION, Summary


1 Its NATURE
1 A Time of the
Outpouring of 2 A Time of
God’s Wrath Punishment
1 Thess. 1:10; Rev. 6:16, 17; 11:18; Isaiah 24:20–21
14:19; 15:1; 16:1, 19

4 A Time of
3 A Time of Great
5 A Time of 6 A Time of
Trouble Desolation Judgment
Jer. 30:7; Dan. 12:1
Destruction Zeph. 1:14, 15 Rev. 14:7; 16:5; 19:2
Joel 1:15; 1 Thess. 5:3
Study on Eschatology

THE TRIBULATION, Summary


1 Its NATURE
7 THE DAY OF 8 TROUBLE OR
THE LORD TRIBULATION
Isaiah 2:12; 13:6-9; Joel 1:15;
Deuteronomy 4:30; Zeph 1:1-7
2:1-31; 3:14; 1 Thes 5:2

9 THE GREAT 10 TIME OR DAY 6 THE TIME OF


TRIBULATION OF TROUBLE JACOB’S TROUBLE
Matthew 24:21 Daniel 12:1; Zeph. 1:15 Jeremiah 30:7
Study on Eschatology

THE TRIBULATION, Summary


2 Its SOURCE

A Time of
GOD’S WRATH Poured Out
In Judgment Upon
An Unbelieving World
1 Thessalonians 1:10; Isaiah 24:1; 26:21; Zephaniah 1:18;
Revelation 6:16–17; 11:18; 16:19; 19:1–2
Study on Eschatology

THE TRIBULATION, Summary


3 Its PURPOSES
1 To Bring About the 2 To judge unbelieving
Conversion of Israel people and nations
Through God’s Disciplinary
Dealing with His People
Jer. 30:7; Ezek. 20:37; Dan. 12:1; Isa. 26:21; Jer. 25:32–33;
Zech. 13:8–9 2 Thess. 2:12
ESCHATOLOGY
Study / Doctrine of The “Last Things”

1 Thessalonians 5:9-11; 1:10; 4:13-18


9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but 13 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren,
to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not,
10 even as others which have no hope.
Who died for us, that, whether we wake or 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so
sleep, we should live together with him. them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.
11 Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and 15 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we

edify one another, even as also ye do. which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord
shall not prevent them which are asleep.
16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a

10 shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the


And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:
he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which 17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up

delivered us from the wrath to come. together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in
the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
18 Wherefore comfort one another with these words.
Study on
Eschatology
/ CHRIST’S
SECOND
COMING
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Rapture & TheSecond Coming
The RAPTURE The SECOND COMING
The rapture of the Church is the The Lord Jesus Christ’s future return
event in which God “snatches away” to the earth at the end of the
or the “carrying off” of all believers present age; the Second Coming is
from the earth in order to make way when the Lord returns to defeat the
for His righteous judgment to be Antichrist, destroy evil, and
poured out on the earth during the establish His millennial kingdom.
tribulation period. 1 Thes 4:13-18; Revelation 19:11-16; 1 Thes 3:13;
1 Cor 15:50-54 Matthew 25:31
Study on
Eschatology
/ THE
RESUR-
RECTIONS
AND
JUDGMENTS

Matt 27:51-52
1 Thes 4:16
1 Cor 15:52
Rev 7:13-14

1 Cor 15:20-23; Ruth 2:3


Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Rapture & TheSecond Coming
The RAPTURE The SECOND COMING
1. Believers meet the Lord in the 1. Believers return with the Lord to
air. 1 Thes 4:17 the earth. Rev 19:14; 1 Thes 3:13
2. Occurs before the Great Tribulation 2. Occurs after the great and terrible
Period. 1 Thes 5:9; Rev 3:10 Tribulation Period. Rev Chapt 6-19
3. The removal of believers from the earth 3. Includes the removal of unbelievers as
as an act of deliverance. 1 Thes 4:13-17 an act of judgment. Rev 20:11-15
4. Comes secretly and instantly. 4. Happens visibly to all. Rev 1:7;
1 Cor 15:50-54; 2 Peter 3:10 Matthew 24:29-30
Study on
Eschatology
/ SPIRITS,
UNDER-
WORLD,
HELL,
LAKE OF
FIRE
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Rapture & TheSecond Coming
The RAPTURE & The SECOND COMING Are Separate Events
1. The Rapture and the Second Coming are not the same event; otherwise believers
will have to go through tribulation . 1 Thessalonians 5:9; Revelation 3:10
2. The Rapture and the Second Coming are not the same event; otherwise the return
of Christ is not imminent and will only happen after certain things shall have
occurred. Matthew 24:4-30
3. The Tribulation Period nowhere mentions the Church. The Great Tribulation is also
described as “Jacob’s Trouble” Jeremiah 30:7 and the period God will turn again to
Israel for their coming back to the Lord Romans 11:17-31
Study on Eschatology
CHRIST’S Second
Coming
CHRONOLOGY

1. Christ coming before


Tribulation to resurrect
dead Christians and to
rapture living believers

2. These saints will be


taken to heaven (the
Father’s house of John
14:1-3)

3. Where their works


will be judged (2 Cor
5:10) in the Judgment
Seat of Christ BEMA

4. The will be followed


by the Marriage Sup-
per of the Lamb (Rev.
19:7-10) The BRIDE of
Christ is the Church
Study on Eschatology
CHRIST’S Second
Coming
CHRONOLOGY

1.1 The horrors of the 7


year Tribulation is
unfolding on the earth
(Dan 9:24-27)
2.1 The Antichrist will be
revealed and will commit
the abomination of
desolation (Matt 24:15)
3.1 The last half of the
Tribulation will be
marked by succession of
judgments
4.1 Jesus will return
from heaven with the
saints and angels at his
side (Matt 24:30) and
5. He will defeat the
Antichrist and establish
His kingdom on the earth
(Rev 19-20)
6. His coming at the end
of Trbulation is also
called the “glorious
appearing” (Titus 2:13)
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Rapture & TheSecond Coming
The PRETRIB RAPTURE The GLORIOUS APPEARING
1. Christ COMES FOR His Saints 1. Christ COMES WITH His Saints
2. Takes PLACE IN THE AIR 2. Takes PLACE ON THE EARTH
3. Believers GO FROM EARTHHEAVEN 3. Believers GO FROM HEAVENEARTH
4. Jesus COMES to REWARD His PEOPLE 4. Jesus COMES to JUDGE THE EARTH
5. Jesus CLAIMS His BRIDE 5. Jesus COMES WITH His BRIDE
6. Takes PLACE BEFORE TRIBULATION 6. Takes PLACE AFTER TRIBULATION
7. Marks the BEGINNING of TRIBULATION 7. Marks the BEGINNING of MILLENNIAL KINGDOM
8. Believers SAVED FROM the WRATH of the 8. Christ Appears to BRING AN END to the
LAMB WRATH of the LAMB
9. IMMINENT, NO SIGNS 9. MANY SIGNS PRIOR to The LORD’S COMING
Study on
Eschatology / PROPHETIC DAYS
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


Apostasy & TheMystery of Iniquity…
The MYSTERY OF
1 APOSTASY or THE
“FALLING AWAY” 2 INIQUITY or
LAWLESSNESS
3 MAN OF SIN, or
THE
THE SON OF PERDITION, or
“What WITHHOLDETH,”
THE WICKED, THE ANTICHRIST
or THE “BEAST” 4 or “Who LETTETH,” or
THE HOLY SPIRIT
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


Apostasy & TheMystery of Iniquity…
APOSTASY or THE “FALLING AWAY” A defiance of an established authority;
Apostasy is generally defined as the rebellion; abandonment or breach of faith
determined, willful rejection of Christ and A departure (“falling away”) from key
His teachings. doctrines of the Scriptures into heretical
It is the mass departure of people from God teachings that proclaim to be the “real/
as the world prepares to receive the lawless correct” Christian doctrine; (different from
one who claims to be God (2 Thes 2:4). false belief, or error, which is the result of
ignorance)
It is an unprecedented, worldwide revolt
against all things godly, and even many who A complete renunciation of the Christian
claim to be Christians will be caught up in faith, which results in full abandonment of
it. Christ 2 Thessalonians 2:3; Matthew 24:12-13
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


Apostasy & TheMystery of Iniquity…
HOW TO RECOGNIZE APOSTASY
Jude 1:3-4  Apostasy can be SUBTLE (“crept”)
3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto COVERT, STEALTH, HARD TO DETECT
you of the common salvation, it was needful for UNNOTICEABLE
me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye
should earnestly contend for the faith which was 2 Corinthians 11:13-14
once delivered unto the saints. 13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers,
4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, transforming themselves into the apostles of
who were before of old ordained to this Christ.
condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace 14 And no marvel; for Satan himself is
of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the transformed into an angel of light.
only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


Apostasy & TheMystery of Iniquity…
HOW TO RECOGNIZE APOSTASY  Apostates are UNGODLY, LICENTIOUS
Jude 1:3-4
Jude 1:4-19
3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto
1. UNGODLY (v4)
you of the common salvation, it was needful for
2. MORALLY PERVERTED (v4)
me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye
3. DENIES CHRIST (v4)
should earnestly contend for the faith which was
4. DEFILES THE FLESH (V8)
once delivered unto the saints.
5. REBELLIOUS (v8)
4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, 6. IGNORANT ABOUT GOD (v10)
who were before of old ordained to this 7. PROCLAIM FALSE VISIONS (v10)
condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace 8. CORRUPT, SELF-DESTRUCTIVE (v10)
of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the 9. GRUMBLERS (v16)
only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. 10. FAULT-FINDERS (v16)
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


Apostasy & TheMystery of Iniquity…
HOW TO RECOGNIZE APOSTASY  Apostates are UNGODLY, LICENTIOUS
Jude 1:3-4
3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto Jude 1:4-19
you of the common salvation, it was needful for 11. SELF-SATISFYING (v16)
me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye 12. USES ARROGANT WORDS & FLATTERY
should earnestly contend for the faith which was (v16)
once delivered unto the saints. 13. MENPLEASERS (v16)
14. MOCKERS OF GOD (v18)
4 For there are certain men crept in unawares,
15. CAUSES DIVISIONS (v19)
who were before of old ordained to this
16. WORDLY-, FLESHLY-MINDED (v19)
condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace
17. WITHOUT THE SPIRIT OF GOD (UNSAVED)
of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the
(v19)
only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


Apostasy & TheMystery of Iniquity…
HOW TO RECOGNIZE APOSTASY  CHALLENGE
Jude 1:3-4
3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto
you of the common salvation, it was needful for 1. “CONTEND EARNESTLY for the faith”
me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye (Passion for, Zealousness in Truth)
should earnestly contend for the faith which was 2. “FIGHT THE GOOD FIGHT of faith”
once delivered unto the saints.
(Defend, Stand, Be Serious)
4 For there are certain men crept in unawares,
who were before of old ordained to this 3. STUDY & APPLY GOD’S WORD
condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace (Pray for Wisdom, Knowledge
of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the and Sharpen Discernment Skills)
only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
Study on Eschatology / PROPHETIC DAYS
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Millennial Kingdom
The MILLENNIAL KINGDOM The Lord Will ESTABLISH
is the 1000-Year Reign Himself as KING in Jerusalem
of Jesus Christ on the Earth Sitting on the Throne of David
Luke 1:32-33
He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and
the Lord God shall give unto Him the throne of His father David:
And He shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of
His kingdom there shall be no end.
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST The Millennial Kingdom


The MILLENNIAL KINGDOM is in RELATION Also
With the FULFILMENT of
the UNCONDITIONAL PROMISES/COVENANTS
by GOD With Israel

1 The ABRAHAMIC
Covenant
A Promise of a Land,
2 The PALESTINIAN
Covenant
A Promise of the
3 The DAVIDIC
Covenant
A Promise of A Ruler for
A Posterity, A Ruler & Restoration and
the Throne of David
A Spiritual Blessing for Occupation of the Land
(2 Sam 7:16)
Israel (Gen 12:1-3) of Israel (Deut 30:1-10)
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST The Millennial Kingdom


1
The MILLENNIAL KINGDOM is A Literal Kingdom
and A Literal Reign of Christ on Earth, AS TO TIME
Revelation 20:2-7
2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,
3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no
more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.
4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were
beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his
image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a
thousand years.
5 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.
6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be
priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.
7 And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST The Millennial Kingdom


2
The MILLENNIAL KINGDOM is A Literal Kingdom
and A Literal Reign of Christ on Earth , AS TO PLACE
AS REIGNING OVER
THE ENTIRE EARTH AS ESTABLISHING HIS KINGDOM AND
Revelation 19:16 REIGNING OVER THE ENTIRE WORLD
And he hath on his vesture
AS REIGNING OVER
THE GENTILE WORLD LITERALLY
and on his thigh a name
written, KING OF KINGS, Psalm 72:8 Isa 2:1-4 Isa 24:23 Isa 52:7-15
AND LORD OF LORDS. He shall have dominion Isa 9:6-7 Isa 2:1 Isa 55:4
also from sea to sea, and Isa 11:1-10 Isa 40:1-11 Dan 2:44
from the river unto the
Isa 16:5 Isa 42:3-4 Dan 7:27
ends of the earth.
Micah 4:1-8 Zech 14:16-17 Zech 9:9
Micah 5:2-5
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST The Millennial Kingdom


3
The MILLENNIAL KINGDOM is A Literal Kingdom and
A Literal Reign of Christ on Earth ,
AS TO ITS GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
1. Believers/Saints shall reign with Lord  Rom 8:17; 2 Tim 2:12; Rev 1:5-6; Rev 5:9-10; 20:4
2. An absolute rule of Christ involves  Ps 2:9; 72:9-11; Isa 11:4
judgment on any who oppose Him
3. Righteousness and justice in contrast with  Ps 2:10-12 (His wrath); Isa 11:3-5 (Assurance that
corruption of present world poor and meek will be dealt with righteously)
4. Only believers, resurrected saints, born-again  Jer 31:33; Isa 35:8; 65:16; 11:9; Hab 2:14
shall enter (a righteous manner of life, obe-
dience, holiness, truth, knowledge of God
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST The Millennial Kingdom


4
The MILLENNIAL KINGDOM is A Literal Kingdom and
A Literal Reign of Christ on Earth ,
AS TO ITS SOCIAL & ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS
5. Christ will rule as King; nobles & governors  Isa 9:3-7; 11:1-10; 32:1; Matt 19:28
will rule with Him
6. Jerusalem will be the political center of the  Zech 8:3
world
7. High level of social & economic life; a time of  Isa 32:14-15; 35:1-2; Jer 31:12; Eze 34:25-29;
great prosperity; no poor, no people suffering Joel 2:21-27; Amos 9:13-14
from lack of economic needs; the curse on the
ground will be lifted; even deserts will produce
abundant crops
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST The Millennial Kingdom


4
The MILLENNIAL KINGDOM is A Literal Kingdom and
A Literal Reign of Christ on Earth ,
AS TO ITS SOCIAL & ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS
8. There will be no wars; as a consequence,  Isa 2:4; Micah 4:3
there will be improved social and economic
life from military expenditure savings
9. Universal justice will contribute to peaceful  Isa 11:4; Jer 31:12; Eze 34:25-29; Joel 2:21-27;
life; prosperity in general under the ideal Amos 9:13-14;
government of Christ
10.Sickness less prevalent, physical difficulties,  Isa 29:18; 33:24; 35:5-6; 65:20; Jer 30:19-20
lame healed, dumb speak, longevity, strength,
increase in births
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST The Millennial Kingdom


5
The MILLENNIAL KINGDOM is A Literal Kingdom and
A Literal Reign of Christ on Earth,
AS TO ITS SPIRITUAL ASPECT
11. A high level of spiritual life and experience;  Matt 24:30; Ps 72:19
not only is Christ reigning in the hearts of men
but also universally, politically, visibly; the
whole world will behold His glory
12. There will be full knowledge of God and His  Ps 72:7; Isa 2:4
ways; the Lord and His truth will be in the
heart of man; righteousness and peace abound
13. There will be universal joy; the Holy Spirit still  Isa 12:3-4; 32:15; 44:3; Ezek. 39:29; Joel 2:28-29
indwelling in the saints
Study on Eschatology

THE RETURN OF CHRIST


The Millennial Kingdom
The MILLENNIAL KINGDOM is the The Lord Will ESTABLISH Himself as KING
1000-Year Reign of Jesus Christ on the Earth in Jerusalem Sitting on the Throne of David

PERFECT ENVIRONMENT, PHYSICALLY & SPIRITUALLY

A TIME OF A TIME OF
1
A TIME OF
PEACE
Micah 4:2-4
2 JOY
Isaiah 61:7, 10
3 COMFORT
Isaiah 40:1-2
Isaiah 32:17-18
Study on
Eschatology
/ HUMAN
HISTORY
Study on
Eschatology
/ THE
CHURCH
Study on
Eschatology
/ THE
RESUR-
RECTIONS
AND
JUDGMENTS
Study on
Eschatology
/ CHRIST’S
SECOND
COMING