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PREGUNTA No 2.

CALCULAR LOS ESFUERZOS VERTICALES TOTALES DEBAJO DE LOS PUNTOS A Y B, EN EL MEDIO DEL ESTRATO DE ARCILLA
CL. Del edificio, que se muestra en la figura. El nivel de saturacion por capilaridad llega hasta -2.00

0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OH gm= 1.65

-2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OL gm= 1.91
N.F. gsat= 1.99
-4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gsat= 2.99

-12 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gsat= 2.07
-17
-18
-19
DIBUJO EN PLANTA
A
15 PISOS gagua=
16 11 PISOS 1.7 TON/M2/PISO
1.4 TON/M2/PIS B
16

10.4 10.4
SOLUCION
A. ESFUERZOS EFECTIVOS. PARA EL PUNTO A
stotal= 36.375 μ= 10.5 sefectivo= 25.875
PARA EL PUNTO B
stotal= 37.41 μ= 11 sefectivo= 26.41
B. ESFUERZOS SIGMA ZETA PARA EL PUNTO A
W1= 8.12 EDIFICIO UNO Wo(EDIF. 1)= 0.203
W2= 18.22 EDIFICIO DOS Wo(EDIF. 2)= 0.036
z B1 L1 m n A B C
10.5 10.4 32 0.99 3.05 0.07957747 20.2664595 20.3809353
10.5 32 20.8 3.05 1.98 0.07957747 45.5192048 50.6597957
10.5 10.4 32 0.99 3.05 0.07957747 20.2664595 20.3809353

σz(EDIF 1)= 1.64603912


σz(EDIF 2)= 0.66112769 σn(A)= 28.18 Ton/m2

B. ESFUERZOS SIGMA ZETA PARA EL PUNTO B


W1= 8.12 EDIFICIO UNO Wo(EDIF. 1)= 0.189
W2= 18.22 EDIFICIO DOS Wo(EDIF. 2)= 0.189
z B1 L1 m n A B C
11 10.4 16 0.95 1.45 0.07957747 5.5074144 5.90078
11 10.4 16 0.95 1.45 0.07957747 5.5074144 5.90078
11 32 0.00 2.91 0.07957747 0 9.46280992
σz(EDIF 1)= 3.06246735
σz(EDIF 2)= 6.87169398 σn(A)= 36.34 Ton/m2
DEL ESTRATO DE ARCILLA

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tn/m3

----------------------------------------------------------
tn/m3
tn/m3
----------------------------------------------------------
tn/m3

--------------------------------------------------------
tn/m3

1 tn/m3

D E F FACT INFLUENC
1.08873882 9.39517062 1.4647579 0.203
1.07036231 -2.0471422 -1.1164024 0.239
1.08873882 9.39517062 1.4647579 0.203

D E F FACT INFLUENC
1.24940226 2.59980701 1.20359762 0.189
1.24940226 2.59980701 1.20359762 0.189
1.10567686 0 0 0.000
PREGUNTA No. 1 DETERMINAR Y GRAFICAR LOS DIAGRAMAS DE ESFUERZOS TOTALES, NEUTRALES Y EFECTIVOS DEL PERFIL

0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ARENA MAL GRADUADA
e= 0.65
N.F -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
N= 0.115 cm2
D10= 0.00093 cm
-2.7 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
arcilla inorganica Gs= 2.45 Cc= 0.25 OCR a 3.10= 1.33
de media plasticidad n= 0.45 Cs= 0.05 e= 0.82
-5.7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
arcilla inorganica e= 0.44 Cc= 0.42
de alta plasticidad OCR a 6.25= 2.7 Gs= 2.66 Cs= 0.06
-8.6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
GRAVA
LIMOSA
-11 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

hc= 1.90 m gagua= 1

Z ESF TOTALES PRES. DE PORoESF. EFECTIVOS Z


0 0 0 0.0 0
CAPILARIDAD -0.80 1.48 -1.90 3.38 3.4 (a) 0.80
NIVEL FREATICO -2.7 5.57 0 5.57 5.6 (b) 2.7
-5.7 10.96 3 7.96 8.0 (c) 5.7
-8.6 17.20 5.9 11.30 11.3 (d) 8.6
-11 0.00 0 0.0 11

Sub Estrato Hi σe σc Zi m n
1 3.20 5.96 7.91 1.5 1.17 1.83
2 4.20 6.76 8.70 2.5 0.7 1.1
3 5.20 7.56 9.50 3.5 0.5 0.79

5.5
2.75 2.75
σe1= 5.96
σe2= 6.76 1.75
σe3= 7.56
dato del ocr a = 3.10 σe= ? 1.75
2.70 σe0= 5.57
0.40 σe(3.10)= 5.88

a 2.7 IPC= 1.94 n1= 1.83 n2= 1.1


σe= 7.83 m1= 1.17 m2= 0.7

W W0 # DE ESTRATOS sobrecarga
σZ1= 22.5 0.209 4 18.81
σZ2= 22.5 0.152 4 13.68
σZ3= 22.5 0.109 4 9.81

1 Δσ+σ·0= 24.77
2 Δσ+σ·0= 20.44
3 Δσ+σ·0= 17.37
Y EFECTIVOS DEL PERFIL DEL SUELO QUE SE INDICA

-------------------------

gsat= 2.150 tn/m3 w= 2.25 kg/cm2


gm= 1.85 tn/m3 22.5 tn/m2

-------------------------

gsat1= 1.80 tn/m3


------------------------

gsat2= 2.15 tn/m3


------------------------

------------------------

A si =

calculo a 1 m para hallar σe


0.5 0.5 B si <
1 1.5
1 2.5
C si >

tabla
W0 sobrecarga(σz) σe+σz ><= σc' formula S(mm)
0.209 18.81 24.77 > 7.91 C 71.57
0.152 13.68 20.44 > 8.70 C 54.00
0.109 9.81 17.37 > 9.50 C 38.76

TOTAL 164.33 mm

3.5
3.5

n3= 0.79
m3= 0.5
datos
calculo
PREGUNTA No. 1 DETERMINAR Y GRAFICAR LOS DIAGRAMAS DE ESFUERZOS TOTALES, NEUTRALES Y EFECTIVOS DEL PERFIL

0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ARENA MAL GRADUADA
e= 0.65
N.F -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
N= 0.115
D10= 0.00093
-2.7 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
arcilla inorganica Gs= 2.45 Cc= 0.25 OCR a 3.10= 1.33
de media plasticidad n= 0.45 Cs= 0.05 e= 0.82
-5.7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
arcilla inorganica e= 0.44 Cc= 0.42
de alta plasticidad OCR a 6.25= 2.7 Gs= 2.66 Cs= 0.06
-8.6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
GRAVA
LIMOSA
-11 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

hc= 1.90 m gagua= 1

Z ESF TOTALES PRES. DE PORoESF. EFECTIVOS


0 0 0 0.0
CAPILARIDAD -0.80 1.48 -1.90 3.38 3.4 (a)
NIVEL FREATICO -2.7 5.57 0 5.57 5.6 (b)
-5.7 10.96 3 7.96 8.0 (c)
-8.6 17.20 5.9 11.30 11.3 (d)
-11 0.00 0 0.0

Sub Estrato Hi σe σc Zi m
4 6.20 8.53 23.14 4.5 0.39
5 7.20 9.69 24.29 5.5 0.32
6 8.10 10.78 25.39 6.45 0.27

5.5
2.75 2.75
σe1= 8.53
σe2= 9.69
σe3= 10.78
dato del ocr a = 6.25 σe= ?
5.70 σe0= 7.96
0.55 σe(6.25)= 8.59

a 2.7 IPC= 14.61 n1= 0.61 n2=


σe0= 23.20 m1= 0.39 m2=

W W0 # DE ESTRATOS sobrecarga
σZ1= 22.5 0.078 4 7.02
σZ2= 22.5 0.059 4 5.31
σZ3= 22.5 0.048 4 4.32

1 Δσ+σ·0= 15.55
2 Δσ+σ·0= 15.00
3 Δσ+σ·0= 15.10
EUTRALES Y EFECTIVOS DEL PERFIL DEL SUELO QUE SE INDICA

---------------------------------------

gsat= 2.150 tn/m3 w= 2.25 kg/cm2


------------------------------ gm= 1.85 tn/m3 22.5 tn/m2
cm2
cm
---------------------------------------

gsat1= 1.80 tn/m3


--------------------------------------

gsat2= 2.15 tn/m3


--------------------------------------

--------------------------------------

Z A si =
0
0.80 calculo a 1 m para hallar σe
2.7 0.5 0.5 B si <
5.7 1 1.5
8.6 0.9 2.45
11 C si >

tabla
n W0 sobrecarga(σz) σe+σz ><= σc' formula S(mm)
0.61 0.078 7.02 15.55 < 23.14 B 10.86
0.5 0.059 5.31 15.00 < 24.29 B 7.91
0.43 0.048 4.32 15.10 < 25.39 B 6.10

TOTAL 24.87

1.75

3.5
3.5
1.75

0.5 n3= 0.43


0.32 m3= 0.27
datos
calculo

mm