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Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

PH-105 END SEMESTER 19.11.2010

Marks = 50 Time: 9:30 AM – 12:30 AM

Note: a) Write your Name, Roll Number and Tutorial Batch on the answer book.
b) Exchange of calculators is not allowed. Mobile phones are strictly prohibited.
c) Take
k = 1.381 × 10 −23 J /K, h = 4.136 × 10 −15 eVs, hc = 1240MeVfm or 1240eVnm
m He = 6.68 × 10 −27 Kg, ρ He = 145Kg /m 3 , N A = 6 × 10 23 mole −1
m H = 1GeV /c 2 , m p = 1GeV /c 2 , me = 0.5MeV /c 2 ,1 J = 6.242 × 1018 eV
∞ ∞
€ 2 2 ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞

∫ x 2n +1e −x dx = 0, ∫ x 2ne −x dx = Γ⎜⎝ n + 2 ⎟⎠, Γ(n) = (n −1)Γ(n −1), Γ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟⎠ = π
−∞ −∞


Q1. A frame Sʹ′ moves with velocity υ1 along the x-axis with respect to another frame S. A third
frame Sʹ′ʹ′ moves with velocity υ2 along the x-axis relative to the frame Sʹ′. Find the Lorentz

transformation connecting the frames Sʹ′ʹ′ and S.
[4 Marks]
Q2. A particle of mass m moves in one-dimension under the influence of a potential V(x). Suppose

it is in an energy eigenstate with energy .

a) Find the expectation value of the momentum.


b) Find out the V(x). [4 Marks]

Q3. Two bosons of equal mass m are in an infinite square well potential of width L. The energy of

the system is . Write down the wavefunction of the system of two bosons. [4 Marks]

Q4. Consider the modified Compton scattering (shown in Figure1) on a stationary target of rest
mass m. The final state has n photons of equal energy, all moving in the same direction. The target
moves, finally, at an angle ϕ with respect to the incident photon. The final photons move at an
angle θ with respect to the initial photon. Given the initial wavelength λ, the number of final
photons n and the angle θ, find the wavelength λʹ′ of any of the final photons, and the angle ϕ.
[6 Marks]
n
θ

ϕ
Figure 1.

P.T.O.
Q5. An observer O sees another observer A pass by him with a velocity v1. At this instant, the
watches of O and A read zero. After time t1, O sees another observer B passing by him with
velocity v2. Sometimes later, B catches A. At this instant watch of O reads 245 µs and watch of A
reads 173 µs. According to B, the time difference between passing O and catching A is 100 µs.
Assume that the observers O, A and B are at the origins of their respective frames, calculate v1, v2
and t1. Also calculate the relative velocity of B and A and the time in A’s frame when B passes O.
[6 Marks]
Q6. A beam of monoenergetic particles coming from left with energy V0 < E < 2V0 and hitting the
potential barrier as shown in the Figure 2. Find out the transmission coefficient. [8 Marks]

E
2Vo

Figure 2. Vo

0 a 2a

Q7. The distribution of electron energy levels in a body is given by , where V is


volume of the body.
a) For the body at temperature 0 K, obtain an expression for the average energy of an electron
assuming the Fermi energy is EF.

b) Assume there are Ne electrons, find the Fermi energy.

c) For liquid Helium at its boiling point (4.2K), what distribution (classical/quantum) should be
applied, explain it through your estimations. [6 Marks]
Q8. The ground state and first excited state energy of hydrogen atom is -13.6 eV and -3.4 eV
respectively. A bottle is filled up with a gas of atomic hydrogen that is maintained at temperature
27 oC. Find out the relative population of the 1st excited state with respect to the ground state
considering the gas obeys the Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics. [3 Marks]
Q9. a) Compare the uncertainties in the velocities of an electron and a proton confined in a 1-
dimension box of 1nm width. [2 Marks]

b) Find out the total number of configurations to distribute 3 bosons in a microstate having 3-fold
degeneracy. Explain with diagrams. [2 Marks]
2
d
c) Which of the following are eigenfunctions of the operator ? Calculate the eigenvalue for
dx 2
each eigenfunction.

(i) cos(4 x + 5) (ii) Asin(kx) − Bcos(kx) [2 Marks]



d) J1 and J2 are the probability current densities corresponding to the wavefunction ψ I = Ae ikx and
−ikx
ψ€II = B e where A and B are real constants. If J is the probability current density corresponding

to the wave function Ψ = ψ I + ψ II , then express J in terms of J1 and J2. [3 Marks]

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