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THE SEARCH FOR cost-effective

pumps is a top research priority

worldwide. Studies to develop models
which can be powered by renewable
energy sources, which can
pump water to a higher head than
the pump structure itself, and which
can be built out of available materials
by local craftsmen have produced
two types of stream-driven
pumps: the coil and the spiral pump.
The coil pump and the spiral
pump work on the same principle,
but the designs differ significantly.
In the coil pump, flexible tubing is
wound concentrically around a
drum or floating framework.I

2 The
major drawback of the coil pump is
that the size of the drum limits the
pump's use in narrow irrigation
canals. A simpler inclined coil pump
with an internal coil for low head
applications also exists.3