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Science 10 – Biology Review Name:

Instead of a midterm exam, please complete the following questions. If you


complete the booklet before Friday, then you won’t have any science
homework over the Winter Break!

1. Identify the biome described in each statement below:

a) Permafrost, short growing season, no trees.


b) Dry climate, daily and seasonal temperatures vary greatly.
c) Generally found in the interior of continents.
d) Dominant vegetation includes lichens, mosses, small shrubs.
e) Has the lease seasonal variation in climate.
f) Main vegetation is coniferous tress.

2. For an animal of plant in the tundra, give an example of the following:

a) Structural adaptation-

b) Behavioural adaptation-

c) Physiological adaptation-

3. Match the following terms to the descriptions.


Community ____ a. Division of biosphere in which abiotic components interact
with biotic components
Species ____ b. Groups on individuals that belong to the same species living in
the same area
Organism ____ c. A single living thing

Ecosystem ____ d. Different populations that interact within an ecosystem

Population ____ e. Organisms that can mate and produce offspring that can
reproduce.

4. Arrange the terms listed in question #3 in order from the smallest component to the
largest component.

5. What does abiotic mean?

What does biotic mean?


6. Identify each of the following biotic interactions. (choose from mutualism,
commensalism, parasitism, competition, predation)

a) Ants feed on chemicals produced by a caterpillar. The ants protect the caterpillars and
carry them to their nests at night.

b) A rodents feeds on nuts from a tree. The rodents buries some nuts away from the tree
which germinate and form the next generation of trees.

c) A remora fish attaches to larger fish for transport. The larger fish is not harmed by the
remora.

d) A whip worm lives in a dog’s intestine and causes the dog to lose nutrients.

e) A salamander uses its sticky tongue to capture an insect.

f) Big horn sheep butt heads to establish dominance and attract females.

7. How are omnivores, carnivores, and detrivores different?

8. Where is the majority of carbon stored?

9. List three methods of nitrogen fixation:

10. What do nitrifying bacteria produce? Why is it important to plants?

11. What is denitrification?

12. Explain how biomagnification resulted in the death of many orca whales from PCB
poisoning.
13. How does primary succession differ from secondary succession?

14. What are pioneer species? Provide an example.

15. How do invasive species affect native species? Give 4 examples.

16. Using the example of a squirrel, explain the difference between a habitat and a niche.

17. Why are there fewer top predators compared to producers? Explain your answer in
terms of energy transfer between trophic levels.

18. In an aquatic ecosystem, give an example of the following:


a) primary producer
b) primary consumer
c) secondary consumer
d) tertiary consumer

19. In the example above, which would be most affected by DDT pesticide? Explain.

20. How do each of the following processes cycle carbon through an ecosystem.
a) Photosynthesis

b) Respiration

c) Decomposition

d) Ocean mixing
21. Why do farmer plant legume crops such as soybeans?

22. How might increased river temperatures affect hawk populations?

23. Why would it be easier to walk through a mature old-growth forest than a young
forest undergoing succession?

24. How can pesticides affect algae growth in the ocean? Use the terms leaching and
eutrophication.

25. What happens to the energy in top predators when they die?

26. Consider the following diagram.

a) Explain why a decline in the


population of baleen whales (circled)
might lead to an increase in the population
of seals, penguins, and krill-eating fish.

b) What might happen to the other species if the population of baleen whales increased?

27. How do human activities affect the carbon cycle?

Have a great Winter Break!