Anda di halaman 1dari 18

# Lifting accessories

## Lifting a vertical vessel

Weight of vessel : WL = 33,905 daN
Weight considered WLC = 1.5 WL = 50,857.5 daN
= 90 °
P P
T P
P 

Lifting Trunnions
1 cos ( L1  L2 )  sin L4
Load applied to each trunnion P  WLC
n sin  cos L1  sin L4
P Quantity : n = 2
L1 = 15,525 mm L2 = 7,683.3 mm L4 = 1,086 mm
T Longitudinal load : FXY = P sin 
L2 Length of trunnions L = 110 mm
 Bending moment MX = P cos  sin  L
WL
L1 Bending moment MY = P sin  sin  L
Allowable stress f = 223.2 MPa
L4 Total allowable stress = 342 MPa
Allowable membrane stress = 171 MPa
Trunnion verification
P FZ FXY MX MY tot totW b
 b
(daN) (daN) (daN) (daN∙m) (daN∙m) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa)
0 12,844.1 0 12,844.1 1,412.9 0 95.64 47.57 27.9 0.234
10 12,997.5 0 12,997.5 1,408 248.3 96.78 48.14 28.23 0.237
20 13,156.6 0 13,156.6 1,359.9 495 97.96 48.73 28.58 0.24
30 13,332.7 0 13,332.7 1,270.1 733.3 99.27 49.38 28.96 0.243
40 13,541.9 0 13,541.9 1,141.1 957.5 100.83 50.15 29.41 0.247
50 13,812.5 0 13,812.5 976.6 1,163.9 102.85 51.16 30 0.252
60 14,204.1 0 14,204.1 781.2 1,353.1 105.76 52.61 30.85 0.259
70 14,872.9 0 14,872.9 559.6 1,537.4 110.74 55.08 32.3 0.271
80 16,418.6 0 16,418.6 313.6 1,778.6 122.25 60.81 35.66 0.299
90 25,428.8 0 25,428.8 0 2,797.2 189.34 94.18 55.23 0.464
Local stresses in the shell WRC B 537
 Total (MPa) Membrane (MPa) Total (MPa) Membrane (MPa)
0 91.91 21.64 156.18 23.67
10 91.69 21.62 155.71 23.88
20 88.86 21.06 150.61 23.97
30 83.54 20 141.05 23.96
40 75.92 18.5 127.36 27.35
50 67.83 17.85 110.02 30.68
60 77.27 20.74 89.69 33.83
70 86.71 23.55 97.24 37.17
80 99.64 27.24 109.74 42.19
(*) 90 156.36 (45.72%) 42.84 (25.05%) 169.27 (49.49%) 65.95 (38.57%)
(*) Most restrictive case, set out below.

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 682 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Trunnion verification
EN 13445-3 16.5 - trunnion in cylindrical shell
Allowable stress fb = 216.9 MPa
W2
eb Yield Strength a = 241 MPa
FXY Modulus of elasticity E = 200,350 MPa
W1 eb = 9.27 mm
LW FZ e2 = 14 mm
L DT = 273.01 mm
DT lW L = 110 mm
FZ
MX average diameter d = DT – eb = 263.74 mm
MY LW = 440 mm
lW = /
ea
e2 Reduction Factor  = min [0.8 (1+1/a), 1] = 0.923
Analysis thickness a = 0.7 min (eb ; e2 ) = 6.49 mm
Stresses in trunnion in accordance with EN 13445-3 16.5
FZ = 0 daN FXY = 25,428.8 daN MX = -0.1 daN∙mm MY = 2,797,163 daN∙mm
Fmax = debc,all = 91,516 daN Mmax = d² ebc,all = 6,034,105 daN∙mm c,all = 119.15 MPa
4 M X2  M Y2 max FZ ,0  M X2  M Y2 min FZ ;0
b= 2
 shall be  fb b=  shall be  1.0
πd e b πdeb M max Fmax
Tensile stress : b = 55.23 MPa Stability : b = 0.464
Weld stress
A = (/4) [(D + a)² – D² ] ; D = DT ou LW Shear stress :  = FXY / A
Bending stress : f = v M  M 2
X
2
Y I Compressive stress : c = FZ / A

 tot   f  C 
2
 1.8 2 

Weld
Area A Inertia I v f c  tot
(mm2) (mm4) (mm) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa)
tot = 189.34 ≤ ασe =
W1 2,815.8 26,865,620 136.51 145.5 0 90.31
222.51 MPa
totW = 94.18 ≤ ασe =
W2 4,518 110,958,800 220 56.28 0 56.28
222.51 MPa

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 683 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
WRC Bulletin 537 Design pressure code : ASME VIII DIV.1 2015

Design Pressure /
+ Existing circular stress /
Existing longitudinal stress /
+ Allowable Stress f = 114 MPa
Tensile Strength @Temp. Su = 400 MPa
+
Yield Strength 248 MPa
modulus of elasticity 200,350 MPa
Du Weld joint efficiency 1
Membrane stress factor 1.5
Au DL Design stress factor 3
Bu Shell dimensions
Outside radius R = 1,852 mm
Thickness Ts = 16 mm
BL
Corrosion allowance c = 0.3 mm
Thickness (Tr) 14 mm
Cu
CL

Geometric parameters
mean radius Rm = (R + Tr) - [(Tr + Ts -c)/2] =1,851.15 mm
Total thickness T = Tr + Ts - c = 29.7 mm
Rm / T = 62.328
0.875 ro / Rm = 0.0601
Stress concentration factors
membrane Kn = 1
bending Kb = 1

Radial Load P = -1.111526×10-3 daN Bending moment Mc = -122.2678×10-6 daN∙m
Shear Load Vc = -1.111526×10-3 daN Bending moment ML = 2,797.163 daN∙m
Shear Load VL = 25,428.76 daN Torsional moment Mt = 0 daN∙m

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 684 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Stresses Shell
Points
(MPa) Au AL Bu BL Cu CL Du DL
Longitudinal stresses
(1) Kn (Nx / P / Rm) . P/ (RmT) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(2) Kn (Nx / Mc / Rm2  ) . Mc / (Rm2  T) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(3) Kn (Nx / ML / Rm2 ) . ML / (Rm2  T) -6.51 -6.51 6.51 6.51 0 0 0 0
(4) = (1) + (2) + (3) -6.51 -6.51 6.51 6.51 0 0 0 0
(5) Pressure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(6) x,m = (4) + (5) -6.51 -6.51 6.51 6.51 0 0 0 0
(7) Kb (Mx / P) . 6 P/ T2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(8) Kb (Mx / Mc / Rm ) . 6 Mc / (Rm  T2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(9) Kb (Mx / ML / Rm  ) . 6 ML / (Rm  T2) -149.85 149.85 149.85 -149.85 0 0 0 0
(10) = (7) + (8) + (9) -149.85 149.85 149.85 -149.85 0 0 0 0
Circumferential stresses
(11) Kn (N / P / Rm) . P/ Rm / T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(12) Kn (N / Mc / Rm2  ) . Mc / (Rm2   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(13) Kn (N / ML / Rm2 ) . ML / (Rm2  -24.27 -24.27 24.27 24.27 0 0 0 0
(14) = (11) + (12) + (13) -24.27 -24.27 24.27 24.27 0 0 0 0
(15) Pressure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(16) ,m = (14) + (15) -24.27 -24.27 24.27 24.27 0 0 0 0
(17) Kb (M / P) . 6 P/ T2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(18) Kb (M / Mc / Rm ) . 6 Mc / (Rm   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(19) Kb (M / ML / Rm  ) . 6 ML / (Rm   -90.06 90.06 90.06 -90.06 0 0 0 0
(20) = (17) + (18) + (19) -90.06 90.06 90.06 -90.06 0 0 0 0
Shear stresses
Circular Rectangular
(21) Vc /  ro T Vc / 4 c1 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(22) VL /  ro T VL / 4 c2 T 0 0 0 0 21.42 21.42 -21.42 -21.42
(23) Mt / 2  ro2 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
x = (4) + (5) + (10) -156.36 143.33 156.36 -143.33 0 0 0 0
 = (14) + (15) + (20) -114.34 65.79 114.34 -65.79 0 0 0 0
 = (21) + (22) + (23) 0 0 0 0 21.42 21.42 -21.42 -21.42

(24) 0.5     x  (    x ) 2  4 2  -114.34 143.33 156.36 -65.79 21.42 21.42 21.42 21.42

(25) 0.5    x  (    x ) 2  4 2  -156.36 65.79 114.34 -143.33 -21.42 -21.42 -21.42 -21.42

(26) = (24) – (25) = (    x ) 2  4 2 42.03 77.55 42.03 77.55 42.84 42.84 42.84 42.84

(27) 0.5  φ, m   x, m  ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2  -6.51 -6.51 24.27 24.27 21.42 21.42 21.42 21.42

(28) 0.5 φ,m   x,m  ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2  -24.27 -24.27 6.51 6.51 -21.42 -21.42 -21.42 -21.42

(29) = (27) – (28) = ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2 17.76 17.76 17.76 17.76 42.84 42.84 42.84 42.84

actual Allowable
Total stress Max [ |(24)| , |(25)| , |(26)| ] = 156.36 MPa min{(3 f) , Su} = 342 MPa
Membrane Stress Max [ |(27)| , |(28)| , |(29)| ] = 42.84 MPa (1.5 f) = 171 MPa

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 685 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
 = 0.06 Calculated values Values used
Figure 3C (γ = 100) 16.6579 (Pts A,B) Nx/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 3C (γ = 50) 8.9229 (Pts A,B) Nx/(P/Rm) = 10.8301
Figure 4C (γ = 75) 13.4993 (Pts C,D) Nx/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 4C (γ = 50) 9.4573 (Pts C,D) Nx/(P/Rm) = 11.4506
Figure 4C (γ = 75) 13.4993 (Pts A,B) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 4C (γ = 50) 9.4573 (Pts A,B) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 11.4506
Figure 3C (γ = 100) 16.6579 (Pts C,D) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 3C (γ = 50) 8.9229 (Pts C,D) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 10.8301
Figure 2C-1 (γ = 75) 0.1079 (Pts A,B) MΦ/P = 0
Figure 2C-1 (γ = 50) 0.1229 (Pts A,B) MΦ/P = 0.1155
Figure 1C (γ = 75) 0.1482 (Pts C,D) MΦ/P = 0
Figure 1C (γ = 50) 0.162 (Pts C,D) MΦ/P = 0.1552
Figure 1C-1 (γ = 75) 0.1477 (Pts A,B) Mx/P = 0
Figure 1C-1 (γ = 50) 0.1628 (Pts A,B) Mx/P = 0.1554
Figure 2C (γ = 75) 0.1073 (Pts C,D) Mx/P = 0
Figure 2C (γ = 50) 0.1224 (Pts C,D) Mx/P = 0.1149
Figure 3A (γ = 75) 1.823 NΦ/(Mc/Rm2 β) = 0
Figure 3A (γ = 50) 0.9922 NΦ/(Mc/Rm2 β) = 1.4019
Figure 4A (γ = 75) 2.5411 Nx/(Mc/Rm2 β) = 0
Figure 4A (γ = 50) 1.3733 Nx/(Mc/Rm2 β) = 1.9492
Figure 1A (γ = 100) 0.0962 eΦ/(Mc/Rm β) = 0
Figure 1A (γ = 50) 0.1049 MΦ/(Mc/Rm β) = 0.1027
Figure 2A (γ = 75) 0.0562 Mx/(Mc/Rm β) = 0
Figure 2A (γ = 50) 0.0595 Mx/(Mc/Rm β) = 0.0579
Figure 3B (γ = 75) 6.7749 NΦ/(ML/Rm2 β) = 0
Figure 3B (γ = 50) 3.8886 NΦ/(ML/Rm2 β) = 5.3119
Figure 4B (γ = 75) 1.8563 Nx/(ML/Rm2 β) = 0
Figure 4B (γ = 50) 1.0064 Nx/(ML/Rm2 β) = 1.4256
Figure 1B (γ = 75) 0.0505 MΦ/(ML/Rm β) = 0
Figure 1B (γ = 50) 0.0548 MΦ/(ML/Rm β) = 0.0527
Figure 2B (γ = 75) 0.083 Mx/(ML/Rm β) = 0
Figure 2B (γ = 50) 0.0923 Mx/(ML/Rm β) = 0.0877
Italic values are calculated and beyond the plotted curves from the WRC 107

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 686 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Local loads on cylindrical shell (1) (trunnion), At the edge of reinforcing pad (Lifting)
WRC Bulletin 537 Design pressure code : ASME VIII DIV.1 2015

Design Pressure /
+ Existing circular stress /
Existing longitudinal stress /
+ Allowable Stress f = 114 MPa
Tensile Strength @Temp. Su = 400 MPa
+
Yield Strength 248 MPa
modulus of elasticity 200,350 MPa
Du Weld joint efficiency 1
Membrane stress factor 1.5
Au DL Design stress factor 3
Bu Shell dimensions
Outside radius R = 1,852 mm
Thickness Ts = 16 mm
BL
Corrosion allowance c = 0.3 mm

CL

Geometric parameters
mean radius Rm = R - [(Ts -c)/2] =1,844.15 mm
Total thickness T = Ts - c = 15.7 mm
Rm / T = 117.462
0.875 ro / Rm = 0.1044
Stress concentration factors
membrane Kn = 1
bending Kb = 1

Radial Load P = -1.111526×10-3 daN Bending moment Mc = -122.2678×10-6 daN∙m
Shear Load Vc = -1.111526×10-3 daN Bending moment ML = 2,797.163 daN∙m
Shear Load VL = 25,428.76 daN Torsional moment Mt = 0 daN∙m

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 687 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Stresses Shell At the edge of reinforcing pad
Points
(MPa) Au AL Bu BL Cu CL Du DL
Longitudinal stresses
(1) Kn (Nx / P / Rm) . P/ (RmT) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(2) Kn (Nx / Mc / Rm2  ) . Mc / (Rm2  T) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(3) Kn (Nx / ML / Rm2 ) . ML / (Rm2  T) -23.99 -23.99 23.99 23.99 0 0 0 0
(4) = (1) + (2) + (3) -23.99 -23.99 23.99 23.99 0 0 0 0
(5) Pressure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(6) x,m = (4) + (5) -23.99 -23.99 23.99 23.99 0 0 0 0
(7) Kb (Mx / P) . 6 P/ T2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(8) Kb (Mx / Mc / Rm ) . 6 Mc / (Rm  T2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(9) Kb (Mx / ML / Rm  ) . 6 ML / (Rm  T2) -145.28 145.28 145.28 -145.28 0 0 0 0
(10) = (7) + (8) + (9) -145.28 145.28 145.28 -145.28 0 0 0 0
Circumferential stresses
(11) Kn (N / P / Rm) . P/ Rm / T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(12) Kn (N / Mc / Rm2  ) . Mc / (Rm2   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(13) Kn (N / ML / Rm2 ) . ML / (Rm2  -65.95 -65.95 65.95 65.95 0 0 0 0
(14) = (11) + (12) + (13) -65.95 -65.95 65.95 65.95 0 0 0 0
(15) Pressure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(16) ,m = (14) + (15) -65.95 -65.95 65.95 65.95 0 0 0 0
(17) Kb (M / P) . 6 P/ T2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(18) Kb (M / Mc / Rm ) . 6 Mc / (Rm   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(19) Kb (M / ML / Rm  ) . 6 ML / (Rm   -101.48 101.48 101.48 -101.48 0 0 0 0
(20) = (17) + (18) + (19) -101.48 101.48 101.48 -101.48 0 0 0 0
Shear stresses
Circular Rectangular
(21) Vc /  ro T Vc / 4 c1 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(22) VL /  ro T VL / 4 c2 T 0 0 0 0 23.43 23.43 -23.43 -23.43
(23) Mt / 2  ro2 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
x = (4) + (5) + (10) -169.27 121.28 169.27 -121.28 0 0 0 0
 = (14) + (15) + (20) -167.43 35.52 167.43 -35.52 0 0 0 0
 = (21) + (22) + (23) 0 0 0 0 23.43 23.43 -23.43 -23.43

(24) 0.5     x  (    x ) 2  4 2  -167.43 121.28 169.27 -35.52 23.43 23.43 23.43 23.43

(25) 0.5    x  (    x ) 2  4 2  -169.27 35.52 167.43 -121.28 -23.43 -23.43 -23.43 -23.43

(26) = (24) – (25) = (    x ) 2  4 2 1.84 85.76 1.84 85.76 46.87 46.87 46.87 46.87

(27) 0.5  φ, m   x, m  ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2  -23.99 -23.99 65.95 65.95 23.43 23.43 23.43 23.43

(28) 0.5 φ,m   x,m  ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2  -65.95 -65.95 23.99 23.99 -23.43 -23.43 -23.43 -23.43

(29) = (27) – (28) = ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2 41.96 41.96 41.96 41.96 46.87 46.87 46.87 46.87

actual Allowable
Total stress Max [ |(24)| , |(25)| , |(26)| ] = 169.27 MPa min{(3 f) , Su} = 342 MPa
Membrane Stress Max [ |(27)| , |(28)| , |(29)| ] = 65.95 MPa (1.5 f) = 171 MPa

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 688 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
 = 0.104 Calculated values Values used
Figure 3C (γ = 300) 19.3698 (Pts A,B) Nx/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 3C (γ = 100) 11.5195 (Pts A,B) Nx/(P/Rm) = 12.2049
Figure 4C (γ = 150) 21.0202 (Pts C,D) Nx/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 4C (γ = 100) 15.4241 (Pts C,D) Nx/(P/Rm) = 17.3784
Figure 4C (γ = 150) 21.0202 (Pts A,B) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 4C (γ = 100) 15.4241 (Pts A,B) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 17.3784
Figure 3C (γ = 300) 19.3698 (Pts C,D) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 3C (γ = 100) 11.5195 (Pts C,D) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 12.2049
Figure 2C-1 (γ = 150) 0.0392 (Pts A,B) MΦ/P = 0
Figure 2C-1 (γ = 100) 0.0507 (Pts A,B) MΦ/P = 0.0467
Figure 1C (γ = 150) 0.0687 (Pts C,D) MΦ/P = 0
Figure 1C (γ = 100) 0.0833 (Pts C,D) MΦ/P = 0.0782
Figure 1C-1 (γ = 150) 0.0701 (Pts A,B) Mx/P = 0
Figure 1C-1 (γ = 100) 0.0848 (Pts A,B) Mx/P = 0.0796
Figure 2C (γ = 150) 0.0389 (Pts C,D) Mx/P = 0
Figure 2C (γ = 100) 0.0505 (Pts C,D) Mx/P = 0.0464
Figure 3A (γ = 150) 6.2406 NΦ/(Mc/Rm2 β) = 0
Figure 3A (γ = 100) 3.9861 NΦ/(Mc/Rm2 β) = 4.7735
Figure 4A (γ = 150) 11.4455 Nx/(Mc/Rm2 β) = 0
Figure 4A (γ = 100) 6.8554 Nx/(Mc/Rm2 β) = 8.4584
Figure 1A (γ = 300) 0.0623 MΦ/(Mc/Rm β) = 0
Figure 1A (γ = 100) 0.0824 MΦ/(Mc/Rm β) = 0.0806
Figure 2A (γ = 150) 0.0355 Mx/(Mc/Rm β) = 0
Figure 2A (γ = 100) 0.042 Mx/(Mc/Rm β) = 0.0397
Figure 3B (γ = 150) 16.1049 NΦ/(ML/Rm2 β) = 0
Figure 3B (γ = 100) 11.5515 NΦ/(ML/Rm2 β) = 13.1417
Figure 4B (γ = 150) 6.2919 Nx/(ML/Rm2 β) = 0
Figure 4B (γ = 100) 3.9697 Nx/(ML/Rm2 β) = 4.7807
Figure 1B (γ = 150) 0.024 MΦ/(ML/Rm β) = 0
Figure 1B (γ = 100) 0.0312 MΦ/(ML/Rm β) = 0.0287
Figure 2B (γ = 150) 0.0342 Mx/(ML/Rm β) = 0
Figure 2B (γ = 100) 0.0447 Mx/(ML/Rm β) = 0.0411
Italic values are calculated and beyond the plotted curves from the WRC 107

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 689 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Tailing lug
1 cos L2
Load applied to each lug T  WLC
n cos L1  sin L4
P Quantity of lugs : n = 1
L1 = L2 = L4 = 1,086 mm
15,525 mm 7,683.3 mm
T
Hole Location d1 = 76 mm
L2
Bending moment ML = T sin  d1
 WL Allowable stress f = 186.3 MPa
L1
Total allowable stress = 414 MPa
Allowable membrane stress = 207 MPa
L4

## Local stresses in the shell

WRC B 537 Weld check
 T TR ML Total Membrane Total Membrane tot totW
 (daN) (daN) (daN∙m) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa)
0 25,169.2 25,169.2 0 916.42 91.95 1,510.83 375.98 52.5 25.7
(*) (221.36%) (44.42%) (364.94%) (181.63%)
10 24,862.6 24,484.9 328.1 1,009.22 102.32 1,469.84 366.04 66.94 30.01
20 24,544.3 23,064.1 638 1,119.43 111.54 1,384.81 366.92 80.34 34.14
30 24,192.2 20,951.1 919.3 1,191.21 117 1,258.4 357.54 91.58 37.63
40 23,773.8 18,211.8 1,161.4 1,221.36 118.43 1,141.52 336.64 99.89 40.14
50 23,232.5 14,933.5 1,352.6 1,206.88 124.9 1,005.57 304.6 104.65 41.41
60 22,449.3 11,224.6 1,477.6 1,143.64 136.44 835.9 261.83 105.11 41.15
70 21,111.8 7,220.6 1,507.7 1,021.61 139.22 634.53 208.19 99.81 38.8
80 18,020.3 3,129.2 1,348.7 799.52 124.54 415.63 139.83 83.6 32.37
(*) Most restrictive case, set out below.
Tailing lugs verification
Allowable stress a = 216.9 MPa
Yield Strength e = 241 MPa
Lug L = 210 mm l = 15 mm
 Z
l b = 80 mm h = 80 mm
d2
D = 50 mm
h
D Hole Location d1 = 90 mm d2 = 105 mm
Pad (Rectangular) LW = 320 mm lW = 160 mm
tW d1 X Y tW = 14 mm
b
Analysis thickness a = 0.7 min(l , tW ) = 9.8 mm
L Reduction Factor  = min [0.8 (1+1/a), 1] = 0.882
lW
LW Orientation =0 ° 
Sling load FC = 25,169.2 daN
Components Fx = FC sin() = 0 daN
Fy = 0
Fz = FC cos() = 25,169.2 daN
Shear stress Ssh = l min[b , h] = 1,200 mm2 cis =(4/3) FC / Ssh = 279.66 MPa > a
Weld stress
Area A = (L + 2a) (l + 2a) – Ll = 4,794.2 mm2
Inertia Iy = 23,322,540 mm4 vmax = L / 2 = 105 mm
Bending stress : flex = v Fx (d1 – tW) / I y = 0 MPa shear :  = Fx / A = 0 MPa
Normal stress : 1 = Fz / A = 52.5 MPa
Total stress :  tot  (1   flex ) 2  1.8 2  52.5 MPa ≤ ασe = 212.47 MPa

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 690 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Area : AW = 9,792.2 mm2 Inertia IW = 149,269,500 mm4
vW = (LW +2a) / 2 = 169.8 mm Normal stress : 1W = Fz / AW = 25.7 MPa
Bending stress : flexW = vW Fx d1 / IW= 0 MPa Shear : W = Fx / AW = 0 MPa
Total stress :  totW  (1W   flexW ) 2  1.8 W 2  25.7 MPa ≤ ασe = 212.47 MPa

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 691 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
WRC Bulletin 537 Design pressure code : ASME VIII DIV.1 2015

Design Pressure /
+
Existing circular stress /
Existing longitudinal stress /
+ Allowable Stress f = 138 MPa
+ Tensile Strength @Temp. Su = 517 MPa
Yield Strength 207 MPa
modulus of elasticity 195,300 MPa
Weld joint efficiency 1
Du Membrane stress factor 1.5
Design stress factor 3
Au DL Shell dimensions
Bu Outside radius R = 996 mm
Thickness Ts = 10 mm
Corrosion allowance c = 0.25 mm
Thickness (Tr) 14 mm
AL BL
1/2 Longitudinal length c2 = 105 mm
1/2 Circumferential length c1 = 7.5 mm
Geometric parameters
mean radius Rm = (R + Tr) - [(Tr + Ts -c)/2] =
998.125 mm Rm / T = 42.026
Total thickness T = Tr + Ts - c = 23.75 mm
1 = c1 / Rm = 0.0075 0.25  1  2  4  1 = 0.0075
2 = c2 / Rm = 0.1052  2 = 0.0301
Factor :
 1  1    4 1  
  1   11  K1  1  2 (If 1 / 2 > 1)   1  1  1  K 2  1  2 (If 1 / 2 < 1)
 3   2    3  2  
Moment Mc :   K c 3  2 12  Moment ML :   K L 3 1  22 

K1 K2  Cc Kc  CL KL 
N 0.91 1.48 0.022 0.233 1.00 0.012 0.626 1.00 0.019
Nx 1.68 1.2 0.018 0.467 1.00 0.012 1.146 1.00 0.019
M 1.76 0.88 0.013 / 1.256 0.015 / 0.871 0.016
Mx 1.2 1.25 0.019 / 1.67 0.02 / 1.202 0.023

## Stress concentration factors

membrane Kn = 1
bending Kb = 1

Radial Load P = 25,169.24 daN Bending moment Mc = 0 daN∙m
Shear Load Vc = 0 daN Bending moment ML = 0 daN∙m
Shear Load VL = 0 daN Torsional moment Mt = 0 daN∙m

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 692 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Stresses Shell
Points
(MPa) Au AL Bu BL Cu CL Du DL
Longitudinal stresses
(1) Kn (Nx / P / Rm) . P/ (RmT) 91.95 91.95 91.95 91.95 88.17 88.17 88.17 88.17
(2) Kn (Nx / Mc / Rm2  ) . Mc / (Rm2  T) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(3) Kn (Nx / ML / Rm2 ) . ML / (Rm2  T) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(4) = (1) + (2) + (3) 91.95 91.95 91.95 91.95 88.17 88.17 88.17 88.17
(5) Pressure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(6) x,m = (4) + (5) 91.95 91.95 91.95 91.95 88.17 88.17 88.17 88.17
(7) Kb (Mx / P) . 6 P/ T2 772.41 -772.41 772.41 -772.41 622.93 -622.93 622.93 -622.93
(8) Kb (Mx / Mc / Rm ) . 6 Mc / (Rm  T2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(9) Kb (Mx / ML / Rm  ) . 6 ML / (Rm  T2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(10) = (7) + (8) + (9) 772.41 -772.41 772.41 -772.41 622.93 -622.93 622.93 -622.93
Circumferential stresses
(11) Kn (N / P / Rm) . P/ Rm / T 87.94 87.94 87.94 87.94 90.93 90.93 90.93 90.93
(12) Kn (N / Mc / Rm2  ) . Mc / (Rm2   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(13) Kn (N / ML / Rm2 ) . ML / (Rm2  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(14) = (11) + (12) + (13) 87.94 87.94 87.94 87.94 90.93 90.93 90.93 90.93
(15) Pressure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(16) ,m = (14) + (15) 87.94 87.94 87.94 87.94 90.93 90.93 90.93 90.93
(17) Kb (M / P) . 6 P/ T2 738.34 -738.34 738.34 -738.34 825.49 -825.49 825.49 -825.49
(18) Kb (M / Mc / Rm ) . 6 Mc / (Rm   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(19) Kb (M / ML / Rm  ) . 6 ML / (Rm   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(20) = (17) + (18) + (19) 738.34 -738.34 738.34 -738.34 825.49 -825.49 825.49 -825.49
Shear stresses
Circular Rectangular
(21) Vc /  ro T Vc / 4 c1 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(22) VL /  ro T VL / 4 c2 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(23) Mt / 2  ro2 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
x = (4) + (5) + (10) 864.36 -680.45 864.36 -680.45 711.1 -534.76 711.1 -534.76
 = (14) + (15) + (20) 826.28 -650.39 826.28 -650.39 916.42 -734.55 916.42 -734.55
 = (21) + (22) + (23) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

(24) 0.5     x  (    x ) 2  4 2  864.36 -650.39 864.36 -650.39 916.42 -534.76 916.42 -534.76

(25) 0.5    x  (    x ) 2  4 2  826.28 -680.45 826.28 -680.45 711.1 -734.55 711.1 -734.55

(26) = (24) – (25) = (    x ) 2  4 2 38.08 30.06 38.08 30.06 205.32 199.79 205.32 199.79

(27) 0.5  φ, m   x, m  ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2  91.95 91.95 91.95 91.95 90.93 90.93 90.93 90.93

(28) 0.5 φ,m   x,m  ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2  87.94 87.94 87.94 87.94 88.17 88.17 88.17 88.17

(29) = (27) – (28) = ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2 4.01 4.01 4.01 4.01 2.76 2.76 2.76 2.76

actual Allowable
Total stress Max [ |(24)| , |(25)| , |(26)| ] = 916.42 MPa min{(3 f) , Su} = 414 MPa
Membrane Stress Max [ |(27)| , |(28)| , |(29)| ] = 91.95 MPa (1.5 f) = 207 MPa
total stress(es) not maintained

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 693 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Calculated values Values used
Figure 3C (γ = 50) ( β = 0.018 ) 10.27 (Pts A,B) Nx/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 3C (γ = 15) ( β = 0.018 ) 3.2062 (Pts A,B) Nx/(P/Rm) = 8.6607
Figure 4C (γ = 50) ( β = 0.018 ) 10.0091 (Pts C,D) Nx/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 4C (γ = 35) ( β = 0.018 ) 6.8018 (Pts C,D) Nx/(P/Rm) = 8.3042
Figure 4C (γ = 50) ( β = 0.022 ) 9.9595 (Pts A,B) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 4C (γ = 35) ( β = 0.022 ) 6.8054 (Pts A,B) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 8.2828
Figure 3C (γ = 50) ( β = 0.022 ) 10.15 (Pts C,D) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 3C (γ = 15) ( β = 0.022 ) 3.1906 (Pts C,D) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 8.5645
Figure 2C-1 (γ = 50) ( β = 0.013 ) 0.2669 (Pts A,B) MΦ/P = 0
Figure 2C-1 (γ = 35) ( β = 0.013 ) 0.2836 (Pts A,B) MΦ/P = 0.2758
Figure 1C (γ = 50) ( β = 0.013 ) 0.3036 (Pts C,D) MΦ/P = 0
Figure 1C (γ = 35) ( β = 0.013 ) 0.3125 (Pts C,D) MΦ/P = 0.3083
Figure 1C-1 (γ = 50) ( β = 0.019 ) 0.277 (Pts A,B) Mx/P = 0
Figure 1C-1 (γ = 35) ( β = 0.019 ) 0.2987 (Pts A,B) Mx/P = 0.2885
Figure 2C (γ = 50) ( β = 0.019 ) 0.2201 (Pts C,D) Mx/P = 0
Figure 2C (γ = 35) ( β = 0.019 ) 0.2437 (Pts C,D) Mx/P = 0.2327
Italic values are calculated and beyond the plotted curves from the WRC 107

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 694 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Local loads on cylindrical shell (1) (Tailing lug), At the edge of reinforcing pad (Lifting)
WRC Bulletin 537 Design pressure code : ASME VIII DIV.1 2015

Design Pressure /
+
Existing circular stress /
Existing longitudinal stress /
+ Allowable Stress f = 138 MPa
+ Tensile Strength @Temp. Su = 517 MPa
Yield Strength 207 MPa
modulus of elasticity 195,300 MPa
Weld joint efficiency 1
Du Membrane stress factor 1.5
Design stress factor 3
Au DL Shell dimensions
Bu Outside radius R = 996 mm
Thickness Ts = 10 mm
Corrosion allowance c = 0.25 mm

## AL 1/2 Longitudinal length 160 mm

BL 1/2 Circumferential length 80 mm
1/2 Longitudinal length c2 = 160 mm
1/2 Circumferential length c1 = 80 mm
Geometric parameters
mean radius Rm = R - [(Ts -c)/2] =
991.125 mm Rm / T = 101.654
Total thickness T = Ts - c = 9.75 mm
1 = c1 / Rm = 0.0807 0.25  1  2  4  1 = 0.0807
2 = c2 / Rm = 0.1614  2 = 0.1614
Factor :
 1  1    4 1  
  1   11  K1  1  2 (If 1 / 2 > 1)   1  1  1  K 2  1  2 (If 1 / 2 < 1)
 3   2    3  2  
Moment Mc :   K c 3  2 12  Moment ML :   K L 3 1  22 

K1 K2  Cc Kc  CL KL 
N 0.91 1.48 0.151 0.509 1.00 0.102 0.81 1.00 0.128
Nx 1.68 1.2 0.129 0.76 1.00 0.102 1.153 1.00 0.128
M 1.76 0.88 0.105 / 1.04 0.106 / 0.889 0.114
Mx 1.2 1.25 0.133 / 1.259 0.128 / 1.069 0.137

## Stress concentration factors

membrane Kn = 1
bending Kb = 1

Radial Load P = 25,169.24 daN Bending moment Mc = 0 daN∙m
Shear Load Vc = 0 daN Bending moment ML = 0 daN∙m
Shear Load VL = 0 daN Torsional moment Mt = 0 daN∙m

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 695 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Stresses Shell At the edge of reinforcing pad
Points
(MPa) Au AL Bu BL Cu CL Du DL
Longitudinal stresses
(1) Kn (Nx / P / Rm) . P/ (RmT) 242.79 242.79 242.79 242.79 375.98 375.98 375.98 375.98
(2) Kn (Nx / Mc / Rm2  ) . Mc / (Rm2  T) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(3) Kn (Nx / ML / Rm2 ) . ML / (Rm2  T) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(4) = (1) + (2) + (3) 242.79 242.79 242.79 242.79 375.98 375.98 375.98 375.98
(5) Pressure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(6) x,m = (4) + (5) 242.79 242.79 242.79 242.79 375.98 375.98 375.98 375.98
- -
1,055.9 1,055.9
(7) Kb (Mx / P) . 6 P/ T2 1,055.9 1,055.9 554 -554 554 -554
7 7
7 7
(8) Kb (Mx / Mc / Rm ) . 6 Mc / (Rm  T2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(9) Kb (Mx / ML / Rm  ) . 6 ML / (Rm  T2) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
- -
1,055.9 1,055.9
(10) = (7) + (8) + (9) 1,055.9 1,055.9 554 -554 554 -554
7 7
7 7
Circumferential stresses
(11) Kn (N / P / Rm) . P/ Rm / T 350.74 350.74 350.74 350.74 202.56 202.56 202.56 202.56
(12) Kn (N / Mc / Rm2  ) . Mc / (Rm2   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(13) Kn (N / ML / Rm2 ) . ML / (Rm2  0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(14) = (11) + (12) + (13) 350.74 350.74 350.74 350.74 202.56 202.56 202.56 202.56
(15) Pressure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(16) ,m = (14) + (15) 350.74 350.74 350.74 350.74 202.56 202.56 202.56 202.56
- -
1,308.2 1,308.2
(17) Kb (M / P) . 6 P/ T2 793.21 -793.21 793.21 -793.21 1,308.2 1,308.2
8 8
8 8
(18) Kb (M / Mc / Rm ) . 6 Mc / (Rm   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(19) Kb (M / ML / Rm  ) . 6 ML / (Rm   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
- -
1,308.2 1,308.2
(20) = (17) + (18) + (19) 793.21 -793.21 793.21 -793.21 1,308.2 1,308.2
8 8
8 8
Shear stresses
Circular Rectangular
(21) Vc /  ro T Vc / 4 c1 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(22) VL /  ro T VL / 4 c2 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(23) Mt / 2  ro2 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1,298.7 1,298.7
x = (4) + (5) + (10) -813.18 -813.18 929.98 -178.02 929.98 -178.02
6 6
- -
1,143.9 1,143.9 1,510.8 1,510.8
 = (14) + (15) + (20) -442.48 -442.48 1,105.7 1,105.7
5 5 3 3
2 2
 = (21) + (22) + (23) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

(24) 0.5     x  (    x ) 2  4 2  1,298.7
6
-442.48
1,298.7
6
-442.48
1,510.8
3
-178.02
1,510.8
3
-178.02

0.5 
- -
1,143.9 1,143.9
(25)    x  (    x ) 2  4 2 -813.18 -813.18 929.98 1,105.7 929.98 1,105.7
5 5
2 2
(26) = (24) – (25) = (    x ) 2  4 2 154.81 370.71 154.81 370.71 580.85 927.7 580.85 927.7

(27) 0.5  φ, m   x, m  ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2  350.74 350.74 350.74 350.74 375.98 375.98 375.98 375.98

(28) 0.5 φ,m   x,m  ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2  242.79 242.79 242.79 242.79 202.56 202.56 202.56 202.56

(29) = (27) – (28) = ( φ,m   x,m ) 2  4 2 107.95 107.95 107.95 107.95 173.43 173.43 173.43 173.43

actual Allowable
Total stress Max [ |(24)| , |(25)| , |(26)| ] = 1,510.83 MPa min{(3 f) , Su} = 414 MPa

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 696 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Membrane Stress Max [ |(27)| , |(28)| , |(29)| ] = 375.98 MPa (1.5 f) = 207 MPa
total stress(es) not maintained
membrane stress(es) not maintained

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 697 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Calculated values Values used
Figure 3C (γ = 300) ( β = 0.129 ) 14.1413 (Pts A,B) Nx/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 3C (γ = 100) ( β = 0.129 ) 9.2815 (Pts A,B) Nx/(P/Rm) = 9.3217
Figure 4C (γ = 150) ( β = 0.129 ) 19.1756 (Pts C,D) Nx/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 4C (γ = 100) ( β = 0.129 ) 14.2733 (Pts C,D) Nx/(P/Rm) = 14.4354
Figure 4C (γ = 150) ( β = 0.151 ) 17.7018 (Pts A,B) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 4C (γ = 100) ( β = 0.151 ) 13.3213 (Pts A,B) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 13.4662
Figure 3C (γ = 300) ( β = 0.151 ) 10.8742 (Pts C,D) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 0
Figure 3C (γ = 100) ( β = 0.151 ) 7.7511 (Pts C,D) NΦ/(P/Rm) = 7.7769
Figure 2C-1 (γ = 150) ( β = 0.105 ) 0.0389 (Pts A,B) MΦ/P = 0
Figure 2C-1 (γ = 100) ( β = 0.105 ) 0.0503 (Pts A,B) MΦ/P = 0.0499
Figure 1C (γ = 150) ( β = 0.105 ) 0.0683 (Pts C,D) MΦ/P = 0
Figure 1C (γ = 100) ( β = 0.105 ) 0.0828 (Pts C,D) MΦ/P = 0.0824
Figure 1C-1 (γ = 150) ( β = 0.133 ) 0.0539 (Pts A,B) Mx/P = 0
Figure 1C-1 (γ = 100) ( β = 0.133 ) 0.0669 (Pts A,B) Mx/P = 0.0665
Figure 2C (γ = 150) ( β = 0.133 ) 0.0275 (Pts C,D) Mx/P = 0
Figure 2C (γ = 100) ( β = 0.133 ) 0.0351 (Pts C,D) Mx/P = 0.0349
Italic values are calculated and beyond the plotted curves from the WRC 107

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 698 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.
Stresses in the vessel during lifting
Bending Stresses Tensile / compressive stresses

## Tcos Pcos Psin

L5
L4 Psin

Tsin

MT MP
Tsin

 = Vessel incline Weight of vessel : WL = 33,905 daN
Weight considered : WLC = 1.5 WL = 50,857.5 daN
MT = T sin  L4 MP = P sin  L5 L4 = 1,086 mm L5 = 0 mm
Tensile stress Compressive stress
Max.
Component maximum Allowable Location maximum Allowable Location deflecti
(°) (°)
(MPa) (MPa) (mm) (MPa) (MPa) (mm) on
(mm)
2 [01] 20.10 0.24 186.3 70 80 0.03 68.16 70 0 0.21
6 [01] 20.06 7.43 186.3 225 70 17.08 68.16 490 60 -0.26
10 [01] 31.05 24.21 186.3 3,388 0 29.37 62.21 3,388 30 -2.68
11 [01] 31.05 36.27 186.3 6,372 10 37.44 62.21 6,372 10 -4.13
12 [01] 31.05 38.4 186.3 7,799 10 38.63 62.21 7,250 10 -4.27
13 [01] 31.05 37.91 186.3 8,711 10 37.23 62.21 8,711 0 -4.14
17 [01] 25.06 19.7 223.2 10,451 20 18.85 99.49 10,451 0 -3.47
18 [08] 25.12 17.3 223.2 11,357 10 17.03 99.05 11,357 0 -2.94
19 [01] 31.06 7.64 223.2 14,850 90 3.8 86.87 11,945 0 -2.56
20 [01] 31.06 7.96 223.2 15,750 90 0.81 86.87 14,995 0 -0.51

## Graph of bending moments and shear forces. (θ = 0°)

Bending
Vertical
moments Shear forces

10,000 daN
20,000 daN∙m

1 2 1 2

Bentley AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol) procal V40.03.00.008 699 prodia2 V40.03.00.008 Bentley Systems, Inc.