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How to get high quality ring type joint flanges?


2018-01-24

 Industry News
 News

What is a ring type joint flange?

Ring Type Joint Flange is a method of ensuring leak proof flange connection at high
pressures. A metal ring is compressed into a hexagonal groove on the face of the flange
to make the seal. This jointing method can be employed on Weld Neck, Slip-on and Blind
Flange. The flanges seal when the bolts are tightened and the gasket is compressed into
the groove making a metal to metal seal. An RTJ flange usually has a raised face with the
groove machined into the face of the flange. The raised face doesn’t serve as a way to
contain the pressure.

RTJ Flanges are used for high pressure applications


up to pressures as high as 15,000 psi (103 MPa). It is only furnished only on steel or alloy
valve bodies and usually need to specified when ordering. The flanges usually come in
blind, slip-on, threaded and weld neck.

The benefits of using an RTJ flange and ring is that the gasket is confined to a groove and
has two sealing surfaces. The groove assures that the ring centers itself when the bolts
are tightened. It also is self actuating meaning that the sealing pressure increases when
the process pressure increases.

The disadvantages of using RTJ Flanges is that ring type joint grooves can accumulate
dirt or moisture when the flange is open. Since the seal is a metal on metal connection, a
small amount of damage on the narrow sealing surface(s) may lead to a leak. Additionally,
the grooves and gasket must align properly in order to assemble the flange and obtain a
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seal. They must stay aligned throughout the operating cycle. This is important if you are
flanging up to dissimilar metals like stainless steel to carbon steel flanges.

The Ring Type Joint flanges are typically used in high pressure (Class 600 and higher
rating) and/or high temperature services above 800°F (427°C). They have grooves cut
into their faces which steel ring gaskets. The flanges seal when tightened bolts compress
the gasket between the flanges into the grooves, deforming (or Coining) the gasket to
make intimate contact inside the grooves, creating a metal to metal seal.

An RTJ flange may have a raised face with a ring groove machined into it. This raised face
does not serve as any part of the sealing means. For RTJ flanges that seal with ring
gaskets, the raised faces of the connected and tightened flanges may contact each other.
In this case the compressed gasket will not bear additional load beyond the bolt tension,
vibration and movement cannot further crush the gasket and lessen the connecting
tension.

Design Considerations

When removing the RTJ connection, the flanges must be forcibly separated to release the
ring from the groove. Because of this, there needs to be sufficient access for removal of
the flanges and removal of the ring.

With the wide acceptance of and significant usage of the spiral wound gasket in high
pressure service, RTJ type flangesaren’t as common as raised face flanges.
Consideration should be made during the design to ensure that additional rings are
available when connections need to be broken.

RING TYPE JOINT FLANGES (RTJ) OR RING JOINT FACING FLANGES (R-JF):

RTJ flanges have grooves cut into their faces which accept steel Ring Gaskets. RTJ
flanges seal when tightened bolts compress the gasket between the flanges into the
grooves, deforming (or “Coining”) the gasket to make Intimate Contact inside the grooves,
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creating a metal to metal seal.


An RTJ flange may have a raised face with a ring groove machined into it.

This raised face does not serve as any part of the sealing means. For RTJ flanges that
seal with BX ring gaskets, the raised faces of the connected and tightened flanges may
contact each other. In this case the compressed gasket will not bear additional load
beyond the bolt tension, vibration and movement cannot further crush the gasket and
lessen the connecting tension.

An RTJ flange may have a raised face with a ring groove machined into it. This raised face
does not serve as any part of the sealing means.

STANDARDS, DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

RTJ flanges have grooves cut into their faces which accept steel Ring Gaskets.

 Dimensions of Ring Joint Facings

Dimensions Ring-Joint Facings -ASME B16.5- Pressure Class 150

Class Pitch Depth Radius


Groove Width
150 Dia E at bottom
No. F
NPS P Note (1) R
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… R11 34.14 5.54 7.14 0.8

… R12 39.67 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R13 42.88 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R14 44.45 6.35 8.74 0.8

1 R15 47.63 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R16 50.8 6.35 8.74 0.8

1¼ R17 57.15 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R18 60.33 6.35 8.74 0.8

1½ R19 65.07 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R20 68.27 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R21 72.23 7.92 11.91 0.8

2 R22 82.55 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R23 82.55 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R24 95.25 7.92 11.91 0.8

2½ R25 101.6 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R26 101.6 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R27 107.95 7.92 11.91 0.8

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… R28 111.13 9.53 13.49 1.5

3 R29 114.3 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R30 117.48 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R31 123.83 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R32 127 9.53 13.49 1.5

3½ R33 131.78 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R34 131.78 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R35 136.53 7.92 11.91 0.8

4 R36 149.23 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R37 149.23 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R38 157.18 11.13 16.66 1.5

… R39 161.93 7.92 11.91 0.8

5 R40 171.45 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R41 180.98 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R42 190.5 12.7 19.84 1.5

6 R43 193.68 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R44 193.68 7.92 11.91 0.8

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Class Pitch Depth Radius


Groove Width
150 Dia E at bottom
No. F
NPS P Note (1) R

… R45 211.12 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R46 211.14 9.53 13.49 1.5

… R47 228.6 12.7 19.84 1.5

8 R48 247.65 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R49 269.88 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R50 269.88 11.13 16.66 1.5

… R51 279.4 14.27 23.01 1.5

10 R52 304.8 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R53 323.85 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R54 323.85 11.13 16.66 1.5

… R55 342.9 17.48 30.18 2.4

12 R56 381 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R57 381 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R58 381 14.27 23.01 1.5

14 R59 396.88 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R60 406.4 17.48 33.32 2.4


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… R61 419.1 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R62 419.1 11.13 16.66 1.5

… R63 419.1 15.88 26.97 2.4

16 R64 454.03 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R65 469.9 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R66 469.9 11.13 16.66 1.5

… R67 469.9 17.48 30.18 2.4

18 R68 517.53 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R69 533.4 7.92 11.91 0.8

… R70 533.4 12.7 19.84 1.5

… R71 533.4 17.48 30.18 2.4

20 R72 558.8 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R73 584.2 9.53 13.49 1.5

… R74 584.2 12.7 19.84 1.5

… R75 584.2 17.48 33.32 2.4

24 R76 673.1 6.35 8.74 0.8

… R77 692.15 11.13 16.66 1.5

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… R78 692.15 15.88 26.97 2.4

… R79 692.15 20.62 36.53 2.4

Class Pitch Depth Radius


Groove Width
150 Dia E at bottom
No. F
NPS P Note (1) R
NOTES:
(1) The height of the raised portion is equal to the depth of the groove dimension, E, but is
not subjected to the tolerances for E. Former full-face contour may be used.
(2) For ring joints with lapped flanges in Classes 300 and 600, ring and groove number
R30 is used instead of R31.

Diameter of Raised Portion, K

Class Class Class Class Class Class Class


150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS

51 51
… … … … …
1/2 1/2

60.5
… … … … … …
1/2

63.5 63.5 65
… … … …
3/4 3/4 1/2

66.5
… … … … … …
3/4

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63.5
… … … … … …
1

70 70 71.5 73
… … …
1 1 1 3/4

73
… … … … … …

79.5 79.5 81 82.5


… … …
1¼ 1¼ 1¼ 1

82.5
… … … … … …

90.5 90.5 92
… … … …
1½ 1½ 1½

102
… … … … … …

102
… … … … … …
2

108 108 114


… … … …
2 2 1½

124
… … … … … …
2

121
… … … … … …

127 127 133


… … … …
2½ 2½ 2

… … … … … 137 …
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Class Class Class Class Class Class Class


150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS

149
… … … … … …

133
… … … … … …
3

… … … … … … …

146 146 156


… … … …
3 3 3

168
… … … … … …
3

154
… … … … … …

159 159
… … … … …
3½ 3½

168
… … … … … …
3

171
… … … … … …
4

175 175 175 181


… … …
4 4 4 4

203
… … … … … …
4

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194
… … … … … …
4

194
… … … … … …
5

210 210 210 216


… … …
5 5 5 5

241
… … … … … …
5

219
… … … … … …
6

229
… … … … … …
5

241 241 241 241


… … …
6 6 6 6

Class Class Class Class Class Class Class


150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS

248
… … … … … …
6

279
… … … … … …
6

273
… … … … … …
8

302 302 302 308


… … …
8 8 8 8

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318
… … … … … …
8

340
… … … … … …
8

330
… … … … … …
10

356 356 356 362


… … …
10 10 10 10

371
… … … … … …
10

425
… … … … … …
10

406
… … … … … …
12

413 413 413 419


… … …
12 12 12 12

438
… … … … … …
12

425
… … … … … …
14

495
… … … … … …
12

457 457 457


… … … …
14 14 14

… … … … 467 … …
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14

Class Class Class Class Class Class Class


150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS

489
… … … … … …
14

483
… … … … … …
16

508 508 508


… … … …
16 16 16

524
… … … … … …
16

546
… … … … … …
16

546
… … … … … …
18

575 575 575


… … … …
18 18 18

594
… … … … … …
18

613
… … … … … …
18

597
… … … … … …
20

635 635 635


… … … …
20 20 20

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648
… … … … … …
20

673
… … … … … …
20

711
… … … … … …
24

749 749 749


… … … …
24 24 24

772
… … … … … …
24

794
… … … … … …
24

Class Class Class Class Class Class Class


150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS

Diameter of Raised Portion, K

Approximate Distance Between Flanges, X

Class Class Class Class Class Class Class


150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS

3 3
… … … … …
1/2 1/2
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4
… … … … … …
1/2

4 4 4
… … … …
3/4 3/4 1/2

4
… … … … … …
3/4

4
… … … … … …
1

4 4 4 4
… … …
1 1 1 3/4

4
… … … … … …

4 4 4 4
… … …
1¼ 1¼ 1¼ 1

4
… … … … … …

4 4 4
… … … …
1½ 1½ 1½

3
… … … … … …

4
… … … … … …
2

6 5 3
… … … …
2 2 1½

… … … … … 3 …
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4
… … … … … …

6 5 3
… … … …
2½ 2½ 2

3
… … … … … …

Class Class Class Class Class Class Class


150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS

3
… … … … … …

4
… … … … … …
3

… … … … … … …

6 5 4
… … … …
3 3 3

3
… … … … … …
3

4
… … … … … …

6 5
… … … … …
3½ 3½

3
… … … … … …
3

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4
… … … … … …
4

6 6 5 4
… … …
4 4 4 4

4
… … … … … …
4

3
… … … … … …
4

4
… … … … … …
5

6 6 5 4
… … …
5 5 5 5

4
… … … … … …
5

4
… … … … … …
6

3
… … … … … …
5

6 6 5 4
… … …
6 6 6 6

Class Class Class Class Class Class Class


150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS

3
… … … … … …
6

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4
… … … … … …
6

4
… … … … … …
8

6 6 5 4
… … …
8 8 8 8

4
… … … … … …
8

5
… … … … … …
8

4
… … … … … …
10

6 6 5 4
… … …
10 10 10 10

4
… … … … … …
10

6
… … … … … …
10

4
… … … … … …
12

6 6 5 4
… … …
12 12 12 12

5
… … … … … …
12

3 … … … … … …
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14

8
… … … … … …
12

6 6 5
… … … …
14 14 14

4
… … … … … …
14

Class Class Class Class Class Class Class


150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS

6
… … … … … …
14

3
… … … … … …
16

6 6 5
… … … …
16 16 16

4
… … … … … …
16

8
… … … … … …
16

3
… … … … … …
18

6 6 5
… … … …
18 18 18

5
… … … … … …
18

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8
… … … … … …
18

3
… … … … … …
20

6 6 5
… … … …
20 20 20

5
… … … … … …
20

10
… … … … … …
20

3
… … … … … …
24

6 6 6
… … … …
24 24 24

6
… … … … … …
24

11
… … … … … …
24

Class Class Class Class Class Class Class


150 300 400 600 900 1500 2500
NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS NPS

Approximate Distance Between Flanges, X


GENERAL NOTES:
(a) Dimensions are in millimeters unless otherwise indicated.
(b) Use Class 600 sizes NPS 1/2 to NPS 3½ for Class 400.
(c) Use Class 1500 in sizes NPS 1/2 to NPS 2½ for Class 900.
(d) Ring joint gasket materials shall conform to ASME B16.20.
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(e) The edge (periphery) of each ring joint flange shall be marked with the letter R and the
corresponding ring groove number.

NOTES:
(1) The height of the raised portion is equal to the depth of the groove dimension, E, but is
not subjected to the tolerances for E. Former full-face contour may be used.
(2) For ring joints with lapped flanges in Classes 300 and 600, ring and groove number
R30 is used instead of R31.

TOLERANCES:
E (depth) +0.4 -0.0, F (width) ±0.2, P (pitch diameter) ±0.13, R (radius at bottom)≤ 2 + 0.8
-0.0, > 2 ± 0.8,
23°(angle) ± 1/2°

 Ring Joint Facings ASME/ANSI B16.5 & B16.47-1

 Ring Joint Facings ASME/ANSI B16.5 & B16.47-2

 Ring Joint Facings ASME/ANSI B16.5 & B16.47-3

 Ring Joint Facings ASME/ANSI B16.5 & B16.47-4

RTJ flanges seal when tightened bolts compress the gasket between the flanges into the
grooves, deforming (or “Coining”) the gasket to make Intimate Contact inside the grooves,
creating a metal to metal seal.

RING TYPE JOINT GASKETS

Ring Type Joint gaskets are metallic sealing rings, suitable for high-pressure and
high-temperature applications. They are always applied to special, accompanying flanges
which ensure good, reliable sealing with the correct choice of profiles and material.

SPECIFICATIONS OF RING TYPE JOINT FLANGE:

An RTJ flange may have a raised face with a ring groove machined into it. This raised face
does not serve as any part of the sealing means. For RTJ flanges that seal with BX ring
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gaskets, the raised faces of the connected and tightened flanges may contact each

other.

In this case the already coined gasket will not bear additional load beyond the bolt tension,
vibration and movement cannot further crush the gasket and lessen the connecting
tension.
Size: 1/2” to 60”, DN 12mm to DN 1500mm
Pressure class: Class 150 to Class 2,500, PN 2.5 to PN 250

Standards: ANSI, MSS, API, AWWA, DIN, JIS, BS and GB.


Facing: RF / RTJ>

MATERIAL:

Cabon steel: A105, A350 LF2


Stainless steel: A182 F304/F304L/F316/F316L/F321
Alloy steel: F11, F12
Packing: plywood case and plywood pallet

Source: China Ring Type Joint Flanges Manufacturer – Yaang pipe fitting Industry Co.,
Limited (www.steeljrv.com)

(Yaang Pipe Industry is a leading manufacturer and supplier of nickel alloy and stainless
steel products, including Super Duplex Stainless Steel Flanges, Stainless Steel Flanges,
Stainless Steel Pipe Fittings, Stainless Steel Pipe. Yaang products are widely used in
Shipbuilding, Nuclear power, Marine engineering, Petroleum, Chemical, Mining, Sewage
treatment, Natural gas and Pressure vessels and other industries.)

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If you want to have more information about the article or you want to share your opinion
with us, contact us at sales@steeljrv.com

Please notice that you might be interested in the other technical articles we’ve published:

• What are reducing flanges

• When to use slip on flanges

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY BLIND FLANGES

• What are Spectacle Flanges

• How to test pipe fitting

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY STAINLESS STEEL PIPES

• Development trend of high pressure pipe fittings

• How to get high quality flanges

• How to get high quality pipe fittings

• What are Specialty Flanges

• How to get high quality alloy steel pipes

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY STEEL PIPES

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY PIPE ELBOW

• What are Lap Joint Flanges

• What are Blind Flanges

• WHEN TO USE A SPECTACLE BLIND FLANGE

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY BOILER TUBES

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY PIPE CAP

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY PIPE BEND


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• The difference between pipe nipple and pipe coupling

• What is a Reducing Flange

• What is a pipe reducer

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY PIPE OLETS

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY ORIFICE FLANGES

References:

 https://www.woodcousa.com/q_a-r_29.htm
 http://www.piping-designer.com/index.php/disciplines/mechanical/83-stationary-e
quipment/pipe-flanges/2012-ring-type-joint-flange
 http://www.wermac.org/flanges/flanges_raised-face_flat-face_ring-type-joint.html
 http://www.wermac.org/flanges/dimensions_ring-joint-facings_flanges_asme-b16.
5.html
 https://www.yaang.com

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