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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman

LEMBAR PERSETUJUAN ................................................................. i

DAFTAR ISI .......................................................................................... ii

DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................. v

DAFTAR TABEL .................................................................................. vi

LAMPIRAN ............................................................................................ vii

BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN .....................................................................1

1.1 Latar Belakang ..................................................................................1


1.2 Rumusan Masalah ..............................................................................3
1.3 Hipotesis ............................................................................................3
1.4 Tujuan Penelitian ..............................................................................4
1.4.1 Tujuan Umum ...........................................................................4
1.4.2 Tujuan Khusus ..........................................................................4
1.5 Manfaat Penelitian .............................................................................4
1.5.1 Manfaat Bagi Peneliti ..............................................................4
1.5.2 Manfaat Bagi Masyarakat .........................................................4
1.5.3 Manfaat Bagi Pendidikan .........................................................4

BAB 2 TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ..........................................................5

2.1 Infeksi Soil Transmitted Helminth .....................................................5


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2.1.1 Ascaris lumbricoides ...............................................................5


2.1.1.1 Epidemiologi ...........................................................5
2.1.1.2 Morfologi dan Siklus Hidup .....................................6
2.1.1.3 Patologi dan Gejala Klinis ........................................9
2.1.1.4 Diagnosis ..................................................................10
2.1.1.5 Tatalaksana ...............................................................10
2.1.2 Trichuris trichiura .................................................................11
2.1.2.1 Epidemiologi ............................................................11
2.1.2.2 Morfologi dan Siklus Hidup .....................................11
2.1.2.3 Patologi dan Gejala Klinis ........................................14
2.1.2.4 Diagnosis ..................................................................15
2.1.2.5 Tatalaksana ...............................................................15
2.1.3 Hookworm (Necator americanus &Ancylostoma duodenale) .15
2.1.3.1 Epidemiologi ............................................................15
2.1.3.2 Morfologi dan Siklus Hidup .....................................16
2.1.3.3 Patologi dan Gejala Klinis ........................................20
2.1.3.4 Diagnosis ..................................................................21
2.1.3.5 Tatalaksana ...............................................................21
2.2 Kebersihan Pribadi ................................................................................22
2.2.1 Tujuan Kebersihan Pribadi .......................................................22
2.2.2 Macam-macam Kebersihan Pribadi .........................................22
2.2.3 Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kebersihan Pribadi ..........24
2.3 Kerangka Konsep Penelitian ............................................................. 25

BAB 3 METODOLOGI PENELITIAN ............................................ 26

3.1 Desain Penelitian ............................................................................... 26


3.2 Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian............................................................ 26
3.2.1 Tempat Penelitian.....................................................................26
3.2.2 Waktu Penelitian ......................................................................26
3.3 Populasi dan Sampel Penelitian ......................................................... 26
3.3.1 Populasi Target......................................................................... 26
3.3.2 Populasi Terjangkau .................................................................26
3.3.3 Sampel Penelitian .....................................................................26
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3.3.4 Kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi..................................................... 27


3.4 Perhitungan Jumlah Sampel ............................................................... 27
3.5 Teknik Pengambilan Sampel ............................................................. 28
3.6 Variabel Penelitian ............................................................................. 28
3.6.1 Variabel Independen .............................................................. 28
3.6.2 Variabel dependen .................................................................28
3.7 Defenisi Operasional Penelitian ......................................................... 29
3.8 Cara Kerja .......................................................................................... 30
3.8.1 Alokasi subyek .......................................................................30
3.8.2 Alat dan Bahan .......................................................................30
3.8.3 Cara Pengambilan Data.......................................................... 30
3.8.3.1 Cara Pengambilan Kuesioner .....................................30
3.8.3.2 Cara Pengambilan Feses ............................................ 31
3.8.3.3 Cara Identifikasi Telur Cacing ...................................31
3.9 Kerangka Alur Penelitian ..................................................................32
3.10 Pengumpulan Data dan Manajemen Penelitian .................................33
3.11 Pengolahan data ................................................................................. 33
3.12 Analisis Data ...................................................................................... 34
3.12.1 Analisis Univariat ..................................................................34
3.12.2 Analisis bivariate ...................................................................34

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ............................................................................ 35


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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Cacing dewasa Ascaris lumbricoides ................................ 6


Gambar 2.2 Mulut Ascaris lumbricoides ............................................... 6
Gambar 2.3 Telur Ascaris lumbricoides sudah dibuahi ......................... 7
Gambar 2.4 Telur Ascaris lumbricoides belum dibuahi ........................ 8
Gambar 2.5 Siklus hidup Ascaris lumbricoides .....................................9
Gambar 2.6 Morphologi Trichuris trichiura .......................................... 12
Gambar 2.7 Cacing dewasa Trichuris trichiura .....................................12
Gambar 2.8 Telur Trichuris trichiura .................................................... 13
Gambar 2.9 Siklus hidup Trichuris trichiura ......................................... 14
Gambar 2.10 Cacing dewasa Ancylostoma duodenale........................... 16
Gambar 2.11 Cacing dewasa Necator americanus ................................ 16
Gambar 2.12 Gigi Necator americanus ................................................. 17
Gambar 2.13 Bursa kopulasi Necator americanus.................................17
Gambar 2.14 Gigi Ancylostoma duodenale............................................ 18
Gambar 2.15 Bursa kopulasi Ancylostoma duodenale ........................... 18
Gambar 2.16 Telur Hookworm............................................................... 19
Gambar 2.17 Siklus hidup Hookworm ................................................... 20
Gambar 2.18 Kerangka konsep penelitian ............................................. 25
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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 3.1 Defenisi Operasional Penelitian ............................................ 29


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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1. Surat balasan survey awal ................................................... 38


Lampiran 2. Lembar penjelasan kepada responden ................................ 39
Lampiran 3. Lembar persetujuan penelitian ............................................. 41
Lampiran 4. Questionnaire .......................................................................43