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ROBOTICS & EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

PART I.

LESSON 1: EMBEDDED SYSTEM

Robotics class requirements:

-ATTENDANCE

-HANDS ON (EXERCISES)

-ROBOTICS NOTEBOOK

PURPOSE OF ROBOTICS:

1. PURPOSE OF REPLACEMENT
2. PURPOSE TO DO TASK
(wide specific task)

WHAT IS A ROBOT?

-In 1979, the Robot Institute of America defined “robot” as a reprogrammable, multifunctional, manipulator designed
to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through variable programmed motions for the performance of
variety of tasks.

Isaac Asimov's "Three Laws of Robotics"

• A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.

• A robot must obey orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First
Law.

• A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second
Law.

3 CLASSIFICATIONS OF A ROBOT:

1. TOY
2. ON-DUTY (SURVEILLANCE)
3. INDUSTRIAL
HISTORY OF ROBOTS:
What is EMBEDDED SYSTEMS?

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS are essentially computing devices or computers. Computers take in information (input), process
the information based on instruction (program code), and send out this processed information (output)

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS are computers placed into things that do not like typical computers and are programmed to
perform specific tasks which may be wide and varied.

3 process of Embedded systems:

INPUT
PROCESS/PROGRAM CODE
OUTPUT
Some examples of EMBEDDED SYSTEMS:

 Credit Card
 (RFID)
Radio Frequency ID
 Cell phone (messaging)

MICROPROCESSOR

A microprocessor is a computer processor which incorporates the functions of a computer's central processing unit
(CPU) on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.

MICROCONTROLLERS

A microcontroller is a small computer on a single integrated circuit.

Keep in mind!

The number base used to store data in digital computer is “2”. The base of “2” in the computation came from the fact
that the smallest unit of information on a computer has only 2 possible states:

On (which corresponds to a 1) or Off (which corresponds to 0).

INTRODUCTION TO KIT PARTS:

Arduino board
(Microcontroller)

Cable Pins (Jumper Wires)


Bread board

Cable (Printer to USB Port)

Motors:

-DC motor

-Stepper motor (0, 90,180 degrees)

L.E.D lights
(Light Emitting Diode)
Resistors

Button switch

Potentiometer

Assignment: (to be submitted next meeting)


On a short bond paper, answer the following questions:

1. What is the first EMBEDDED SYSTEM?

2. Give the parts of a microcontroller ARDUINO Uno