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# GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 1

GATE—2017
Mech. Engineering Questions and Details Solution
Session-1

ER
1. A particle of unit mass is moving on a plane.
15.02  14.98
Its trajectory in polar coordinates is given by =
6  0.004
r(t)  t2 , (t)  t where t is time. The kinetic = 1.667
of the particle at time t = 2 is

ST
3. Which one of the following is NOT a rotating
(a) 4 (b) 12 machine?
(c) 16 (d) 24 (a) Centrifugal pump (b) Gear pump
(c) Jet pump (d) Vane pump
Sol. (c)
dr Sol. (c)
= V = 2t = 2 × 2 for t = 2
A
dt Centrifugal pump: It has rotating part eg.,
=4
impeller, Vane.
r(t) = t2
Gear Pump: In this pump there is gear
r(2) = (2) × 2 = 4
M
mechanism which is rotating part.
d dt Jet Pump: Here pump utilizing ejecter
=  1
dt dt principle which have nozzle and difusses not
1 1 rotating parts.
So, K.E = mv 2  I
2 2 Vane Pump: It consist of rotating disc which
2
I = mr = 1 × 4 at t  2 called as rotor in which number of radial slots
=4 are there where sliding vanes is inserted
S

## 1 1 4. A six-face fair dice is rolled a large number

So, k.E =  1 (4)2  1  (4)2  1
2 2 of times. The mean valueof the outcomes is
= 16
IE

## ____.4. A six-face fair dice is rolled a large

number of times. The mean valueof the out-
2. Cylindrical pins of diameter 150.020 mm are comes is ____.
being produced on a machine. Statistical
quality control tests show a mean of 14.995 Sol. (3.5)
mm and standard deviation of 0.04 mm. The
6
process capability index Cp is
Mean outcome =  n i pi
(a) 0.833 (b) 1.667 i 1

## (c) 3.333 (d) 3.750

1234 56  1
=  pi  
6  6
Sol. (b)
= 3.5
USL  LSL
CP =
6
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2 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

## 5. In an arc welding process, welding speed is Ti = 100 – 20 = 80°C

doubled. Assuming all other process param-
eters to be constant, the cross sectional area Te = 100 – 50 = 50°C
(a) increase by 25% 80  50
 Tm  =
 80 
(b) increase by 50% ln  
 50 
(c) reduce by 25%

ER
(d) reduce by 50%  Tm  = 63.82°C

## 7. The damping ratio for a viscously damped

Sol. (d)
spring mass system, governed by the rela-
Since, all process parameter are constant
Material deposition rate = constant d 2x dx
tionship m c  kx  F(t) , is given by
= Area of weld (Aw) dt 2
dt

Vw = 2Vw
ST
× welding speed (Vw)

Vw A w
A w = A w  V   2
w
(a)

(c)
c
mk

c
km
(b)

(d)
c
2 km

c
2mk
A  A w
A
% change = w  100  50%
Aw
Sol. (b)

  kx = F(t)
M

## outside of a tube. Cold fluid enters the tube dt 2 dt

at 20°C and exits at 50°C. The value of the
  cx  kx = 0
or, mx
Log Mean Temperature Difference (LMTD)
is _____°C. (By considering sum of the
inertia force and external
Sol. (63.82°C) forces on a body in a
direction in to be zero)
100°C Steam 100°C
S

## 2 = 100 – 50 or, k = Aet  Bet

1 = 100 – 20 = 50 c k
i.e.,  2   2  = 0
m m
IE

= 80 50°C
2
Cold C  C  k
20°C 1, 2 =      
2m  2m   m 
2
LMTD is given by  C  s
The ratio of 
2m  to m gives the degree of
 
1  2 dumpness and square root of those termed as
 Tm  =
   damping ratio.
ln 1 
 2  2
 C 
For parallel as well as counter flow heat  2m 
 =    C
exchanger. K 2 km
Considering it as parallel flour heat exchanger. m

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 3

## Solution of this equation is

T T
= max (a) u(x, y) = f(x + cy)
J ra
(b) u(x, y) = f(x – cy)
8. A motor driving a solid circular steel shaft (c) u(x, y) = f(cx + y)
transmits 40 kW of power at 500 rpm. If the
(d) u(x, y) = f(cx – y)
diameter of the shaft is 40mm, the maxi-
mum shear stress in the shaft is ___MPa.

ER
Sol. (b)
Sol. (60.792 MPa) Let u  f  ax  by 

u
  ax  by  =  ax  by 
40 mm  f

u u

ST
Given Now, C 0
y x
Power transmitted P, 40 KW
Speed of shaft, N = 500 rpm u   ax  by du   ax  by
 C 
Diameter, a = 40 mm   ax  by  y   ax  by  x
We know
=0

P=
2NT
A
[Where T-Torque]  b  ca = 0
60
 b = –ac
60P If a = 1
So, T=
M
2N b = –c

## 60  40  103  u = f 1.x  C.y 

T= N-m
2    500
= f  x  cy 
T = 763.44 N-m
Maximum shear stress after applying Torque, 10. Consider the two-dimensional velocity
T will be at a distance d/2 from neutral axis 
S

## field given by V   5  a1x  b1 y 

and will be given by
T max iˆ   4  a2x  b2 y  ˆj. where a1,b1a2 and b2 are
= r
IE

## J max constants. Which one of the following

[Where Tmin = Shear Stress conditins needs to be satisfied for the flow to
J = Polar moment of inerita be incompressible?
rmax = d/2 (a) a1 + b1 = 0 (b) a1 + b2 = 0
T  d  32 (c) a2 + b2 = 0 (d) a2 + b2 = 0
max =
d 4  2
10.
min = 60.792 MPa

## 9. Consider the following partial differential Sol. (b)

equation u(x, y) with the constant c > 1: 
V   5  a1x  b1 y  iˆ   4  a 2x  b2 y  ˆj
u u
c = 0 = uiˆ  Vjˆ
y x
For, incompressible flow,
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4 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

## As the distance from leading edge increases,

u v
 =0 retradation goes on increasing and hence
x y average velocity goes on decreasing.
a1 + b2 = 0
13. The Poisson’s rati for a perfectly incompress-
11. The product of eignvalues of the matrix P is ible linear elastic material is
(a) 1 (b) 0.5
2 0 1
P  4 3 3 (c) 0 (d) infinity

ER
0 2 1

Sol. (b)
(a) –6 (b) 2 Volumetric strain for linear elastic material,
(c) 6 (d) –2
V 1  2 
v =
V

E
  x   y  z 
Sol. (b)
For incompressible flow
Product of eigen value = P

2
4 3
0
0

2
ST
1
3
1
14.

V = 0
1  2 = 0
 = 0.5

## In the engineering stress-strain curve for

= 2 (3 – 6) + 1 (8 – 0) mild steel, the Ultimate Tensile Strength
A
=2 (UTS) refers to
(a) Yield stress
12. For steady flow of a viscous incompressible
(b) Proportional limit
M

## fluid through a circular pipe of constant

diameter, the average velocity in the fully (c) Maximum stress
developed region is constant. Which one of
(d) Fracture stress
the folloiwng statements about the average
velocityin the developing region is TRUE?
Sol. (c)
(a) It increases until the flow is fully devel-
For mild, steel stress-strain curve is :
oped.
S

(b) It is constant and is equal to the aver-
age velocity in the fully developed re- UTS
gion.
IE

## (c) It decreases until the flow is fully devel-

oped
(d) It is constant but is always lower than
the average velocity in the fully devel- E
oped region.
15. The molar specific heat at constant volume
of an ideal gas is equal to 2.5 times the
Sol. (c)
universal gas constant (8.314 J/mol.K). When
the temperature increases by 100K, the
change in molar specific enthalpy is _____J/
mol.

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 5

## Sol. (2909.9 J/mol) V

C
h = specific enthalpy = CP T 4

=  C V  R   3

=  2.5R  R  T 2 D

## = 3.5  8.314  100 J mol A B

1

ER
= 2909.9
I H G F E
0
16. A heat pump absorbs 10 kW of heat from 1 2 3 4 5 6
outside environment at 250 K while absorb- Time(s)
ing 15 kW of work. It delivers the heat to a Distance covered
room that must be kept warm at 300 K. The = Area under the curve from t = 0 to t = 5 sec.
Coefficient of Performance (COP) of the heat

ST
pump is _____.   AOI  ABHI  Trapezoidal BCGH 
= Ar   Trapezoidal CDFG 

Sol. (1.67)
1 1
Head delivered to room =  1  1  1   2  1   1  4    3  2 
C.O.P. = 2 2
work input
1
25 Kw
A    4  2   5  3 
2
=  1.67
15 Kw = 10
Here,
M
Heat delivered = Heat taken + work input d2 y
18. The differential equation  16 y  0 for
dx 2
17. The following figure shows the velocity-time
plot for a particle travelling along a straight y(x) with the two boundary conditions
line. The distance covered by the particle from dy dy
t = 0 to 5 = 5 s is ___m.  1 and  1 has
dx x 0 dx x  
2
S

(a) no solution
Velocity (m/s)

IE

## 3 (c) exactly one solution

2 (d) infinitely many solutions
1
Sol. (a)
1 2 3 4 5 6 d2y
Time (s)  16y = 0
dx 2

Sol. (10)  D2  16  y = 0
Let D2 = m2
D
Since, V
t m2  16 = 0 (this is a complex equation)
m = 4i  0  4i

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6 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

(c) 1 (d) –1
y =  C1 cos 4x  C2 sin 4x  eox

##  y = 4C1 sin 4x  4C2 cos4x x 3  sin x 3x 2  cos

Lim  lim
x0 x x 0 1
y  0  = 4C2  1
[Using L Hospital Rule]
1 = –1
C2

ER
=
4 21. Consider the schematic of a riveted lap joint
subjected to tensile load F, as shown below.
 Let d be the diameter of the rivets, and Sf be
y   = 1  4C1 sin 2  4C2 cos2
 2 the maximum permissible tensile stress in
–1 = 4C 2 the paltes. What should be the minimum
value for the thickness of the plates to guard

19.
C2 = –
1
4

ST
In a metal forming operation when the ma-
terial has just started yielding,
the principal stresses are
1  180 MPa, 2  100 MPa, 3  0. Fol-
against tensile failure of the plates? Assume
the plates to be identical.

W
W/4 d
W/2
d
F

F L
A
lowing von Mises’ criterion the yield stress is
____MPa. F F
(a) Sf  W  2d 
(b) S W
f
M

Sol. (245.76)
According to Von-misces, yield stress (  yt ) is F 2F
(c) Sf  W  d 
(d) S W
given by f

2
 yt 
 1  2 2   2  3 2   3  1 2  2   Sol. (a)
 N 
S

w/4
Given, 1 = +180 MPa w/2
 2 = –100 MPa
IE

3 = 0
F
N=1
 Area of shear 
 yt =
 1  2    22  12 = Max. permissible tensile stress (Sf)
2
F
= 245.76 MPa   = Sf
w  2d   t

x 3  sin  x  F
20. The value of lim is  t= S 
x 0 x f w  2d 

(a) 0 (b) 3

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 7

22. Water (density = 1000 kg/m3) at ambient (c) P–3, Q–2, R–4, S–1
temperature flows through a horizontal pipe (d) P–2, Q–4, R–3, S–1
of uniform corss section at the rate of 1 kg/
s. If the pressure drop across the pipe is 100 Sol. (a)
kPa, the minimum power required to pump P EdM  Mac hining of elec tron ics
the water across the pipe, in watts, is___. conductive material
Q USM  Machining of glass
Sol. (100 Watt)

ER
R Chemical Machining 
3 2
P = 100 kPa = 100 × 10 N/m No reduced stress
Q = 1 kg/sec S Ion beam machining  Nano-machining
or, AV = 1 kg/sec 25. Consider a beam with circular cross-section
1 1 of diameter d. The ratio of the second mo-
or A=  ment of area about the neutral axis to the
V 

ST
section modulus of the area is
P  A
Power =
t d d
3 (a) (b)
100  10  1 2 2
=  100 watt
1000
(c) 3 (d) d
23. Metric thread of 0.8 mm pitch is to be cut on
a lathe. Pitch of the lead screw is 1.5 mm.
A
Sol. (a)
If the spindle rotates at 1500 rpm, the speed
Ion circular cross-section, Second moment of
of rotation of the lead screw (rpm) will be
area of beam
____.
M
d 4
Sol. (800) =
64
Pt = 0.8 mm [Petch of thread]
d3
N t = 1500 rpm [RPM of spindle] Section Modulus =
32
Ps = 1.5 mm
d
N S  PS  ZS = N t  Pt  Z t Zs  Zt  1  Ratio =
S

2
 N S  1.5  1 = 1500  0.8  1
26. For a steady flow, the velocity field is
 NS = 800 rpm 
V   x 2  3y  iˆ   2xy  ˆj. The magnitude of
IE

24. Match the processes with their characteris- the acceleration of a particle at (1, –1) is
tics.
(a) 2 (b) 1
Process Characteristics
P : Electrical Discharge (c) 2 5 (d) 0
1. No residual stress
Machining
2. Machining of
electrically Sol. (c)
Q : Ultrasonic machining
conductive Given flow filed
materials 
R : Chemical machining 3. Machining of glass V =  x 2  3y  ˆi   2xy  ˆj
S : Ion Beam Machining 4. Nano  machining 
V = uiˆ  vjˆ
(a) P–2, Q–3, R–1, S–4
So, v = 2xy
(b) P–3, Q–2, R–1, S–4
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8 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

u = – x2 + 3y Z(0, 0) = 0
For steady flow acceleration is given by Z(0, 40) = 3200
Z(15, 25) = 3500  Maximum
u u
ax = u v Z(30, 0) = 3000
x y
So desired quantity of P is 15 and Q is 25.
v v Note: the desired point P can be directly
ay = u v calculated by solving equation (i) and (ii)
x y

ER
28. A 10 mm deep cylindrical cup with diameter
ax =  x 2  3y   2x    2xy   3 
of 15mm is drawn from a circular blank.
ax = 2x3 – 6xy + 6xy Neglecting the variation in the sheet thick-
ness, the diameter (upto 2 decimal points
a 1, 1x = +2
accuracy) of the blank is ___mm.
Similarly,
a(1 –1)y = 4 Sol. (28.72 mm)

anet =

anet =

anet =
4  16
ST
a 2x  a 2y

20  2 5 m s
Cup dia, d = 15 mm
D

d
h
A
27. Two models, P and Q, of a product earn profits Cup height, h = 10 mm
of Rs. 100 and Rs. 80 per piece, respectively. We know blank diameter D
Production times for P and Q are 5 hours
and 3 hours, respectively, while the total D= d 2  4dh mm
M

## production time available is 150 hours. For

a total batch size of 40, to maximize profit, D = 152  4 15  10  mm
the number of units of P to be produced is D = 28.72 mm
___.
29. The velocity profile inside the boundary layer
Sol. (15) for flow over a flat plate is given as
S

## Given question can be modelised as

u  y
Profit, Z = 100P + 80Q  sin   , where U  is the free
U 2 
5P  3Q  150 [Time constraint] ...(i)
IE

## stream velocity and  is the local boundary

P + Q = 40 ... (ii)
Putting these equation on graph layer thickness. If * is the local displace-
Q
*
ment thickness, the value of is

50
(1) 2 2
40A
(a) (b) 1 
 
B(15,25)
2
(c) 1 (d) 0
(2) 
P
O 30 40

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 9

Sol. (b) Y

U  y
Given, sin 
U = 
2  1

## Boudnary layer thickness = 

–1 X
Local displacement thickness 1

–1

ER

 U 
=     1  dy
0
U  
Given 0  u  1

  y   So, 0  x  1 , 0  y  1
* =  1  sin    dy
0   2  

i.e., 0   

ST
 2
 2  y  
* = y  x cos    So, we will get as quarter circle in x-y plane
   2   0
and by revolving it by 360°, we will get a
 2 
* =    0  0    Area of hemisphere = 2 1 2
= 2
A
 2
* =  1  
  31. A horizontal bar, fixed at one end (x = 0),
has alength of 1m, and cross-sectional area
* 2 of 100m2. Its elastic modulus varies along its
M
So, = 1
  length as given by E(x) = 100 e–x GPa, where
x is the length coordinate (in m) along the
30. A parametric curve defined by
axis of the bar. An axial tensile load of 10
 u   u  kN is applied at the free end (x = 1). The
x  cos   ,y  sin   in the range axial displacement of the free end is___mm.
 2   2 
S

## 0  u  1 is rotated about the X-axis by 360 Sol. (1.718)

degrees. Area of the surface generated is d

IE

(a) (b)  10 KN
2
R=10 KN
1m
(c) 2 (d) 4
x=0
Given length, L = 1m
Sol. (c) A = 100 mm2
 u  E(x) = 100e x GPa
x = cos  
 2  P = 10 KN
Reaction, R = 10 KN
 u 
y = sin   So elongation is given by
 2 
x
x 2  y 2 = 1; P x 
d =  A  x  E  x  dx
It represents a circle in x-y plane. 0

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10 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

## here P(x) = constant = 10 KN

P 2E.d 4  4
A(x) = constant = 100 mm2 Buckoing stress,  = A  L2  64  d 2
eff
E(x) = 100e x GPa
Equating thermal stress and buckling stress
x 2Ed 2
P 1
ET = 16L2
d  = A  100 e x dx eff
0
So, T is directly proportional to d 2

ER
10  103  e1  e0 
d = 33. Two cutting tools with tool life equations
100  10 6  100  109
given below are being compared:
d  = 1.718  10 3 m Tool 1 : VT0.1 = 150

## Axial displacement = d  1.718 mm Tool 2 : VT0.3 = 300

32. An initially stress-free massless elastic beam where V is cutting speed in m/minute and T

ST
of length L and circular cross-section with
diameter d (d<<L) is held fixed between two
walls as shown. The beam material has
Young’s modulus E and coefficient of ther-
mal expansion .
d
is tool life in minutes. The breakdown cut-
ting speed beyond which Tool 2 will have a
higher tool life is ___ m/minute.

Sol. (106.07)
Given tool life equations
Tool 1, VT0.1 = 150 ..(1)
A
L
Tool 2, VT0.3 = 300 ..(2)
If the beam is slowly and uniformly heated, For break even velocity from (1)
M

## the temperature rise required to cause the 10

beam to buckle is proportional to  150 
T= 
(a) d (b) d2
 V 
putting the above value in equation (2) we
(c) d3 (d) d4
3
 150 
have V     300
Sol. (b)  v 
S

d V = 106.07 m/s

## 34. Two disks A and B with identical mass (m)

L and radius (R) are initially at rest. They roll
IE

## down from the top of identical inclined planes

On increasing temperature thermal stress
without slipping. Disk A has all of its mass
 = ET concentrated at the rim, while Disk B has
Using bucklig condition buckling load its mass uniformly distributed. At the bot-
tom of the plane, the ratio of velocity of the
 2EIim center of disk A to the velocity of the center
P=
L2eff of disk B is
Here Imin for a circular cross-section
3 3
(a) (b)
d 4 4 2
=
64
(c) 1 (d) 2

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 11

Sol. (a) 
.    V  = 0
A B
Alternatively :
Divergence of a curl is always zero.

## h h 36. A rectangular region in a solid is in a state

of plane strain. The (x, y) coordinates of the
corners of the underformed rectangle are

ER
Given mass of both disks = m given by P(0, 0), Q(4, 0), R(4, 3) S(0.3). The
Radius of both disks = R rectangle is subjected to uniform strains,
Initially both have same potential energy finally
xx  0.001, yy  0.002,  xy  0.003. The
they will also have same energy.
deformed length of the elongated diagonal,
1 1 upto three decimal places. is ___ units.
So, I A w 2A = IB w 2B ...(1)
2 2

ST
Wher e I A and IB are moment of inertia about Sol. (5.014 mm)
point of contact.
So, IA = 2mR 2
5(0, 3) R(4, 3)
3
IB = mR 2
2 5
A
So from (1) 1

wA IB P(0, 0) Q(4, 0)

wB = IA 4
M
cos 1 =
5
wA VA 3
 =  3
wB VB 4 sin 1 =
5
  xx = 0.001
35. ˆ the
For the vector V  2yz iˆ  3xzjˆ  4xy k,
S

  yy = 0.002
value of      V  is ___.
 xy = 0.003
Sol. (0)
IE

Given, PR
 = 1  along PR 
V  2yziˆ  3xzjˆ  4xykˆ PR

## i j k =  xx cos2  1   yy sin 2 1   xy sin 1 cos 1

   
= PR 7
 V x y z  = mm
PR 2500
2yz 3xz 4xy
 PR = 0.014 mm
= xiˆ  2yjˆ  zkˆ
Length of elongated diagonal = PR  PR
 x   = 5.014 mm
.    V  =   2y    z 
x y z
= 1  2 1

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12 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

37. P(0, 3), Q(0.5. 4), and R(1,5) are three points Sol. (73.821)
on the curve defined by f(x). Numerical inte-
CH4  1.5  2  O2  3.76N 2   CO2  2H2O
gration is carried out using both Trapezoidal
rule and Simpson’s rule within limits x = 0 O2  3  3.76N 2
and x = 1 for the curve. The difference be-
 % of N2 is product
tween the two results will be
(a) 0 (b) 0.25 3  3.76
=  100
(c) 0.5 (d) 1 3  3.76  1  2  1

ER
= 73.821%
Sol. (a)
39. Moist air is treated as an ideal gas mixture
of water vapor and dry air (molecular weight
5 B of air = 28.84 and molecular weight of water
(1, 5)
F(x) = 18). At a location, the total pressure is 100
4
A (5,4) kPa, the temperature is 30°C and the rela-
(0, 3)3
2
1
0

## From  trapezoidal rule,

0.5
ST 2
tive humidity is 55%. Given that the satura-
tion pressure of water at 30°C is 4246 Pa,
the mass of water vapor per kg of dry air is
___ grams.

Sol. (14.872)
P = total pressure = 100 kPa
A
h T = 30°C
h
 f  x  dx  2  y0  yn   2  y1  y 2  ... Relative humidity  = 55%
a
M

PVS = 4246 Pa
1 1 We know
   3  4   0.5    4  5   0.5
2 2
PV
= 4 Relative humidity,  = P
VS
From simpson 1/3rd router
where PV = Vapour pressure
b
h PVS = Vapour pressure at saturated
S

## f  x dx  3  y0  yn   4 y1  y3  ...  2 y2  ya  ..

a PV
So, 0.55 =
4246
0.5
IE

=  3  5  4  4 PV = 2335.3 Pa
3
So, mass of water vapour per kg of dry air is
= 4 called specific humidity and given by
Difference between result = 4 – 4 = 0
0.622Pv
38. Air contains 79% to N2 and 21% O2 on a w=
P  Pv
molar basis. Methane (CH4) is burned with
50% excess air than required stoichiometri- 0.622 PV  2335.3
cally. Assuming complete combustion of meth-  =
ane, the molar percentage of N2 in the prod-
100  103   2335.3
ucts is ____.  = 14.872 gm per kg of dry air

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 13

## 40. A thin uniform rigid bnar of length L and

2Ml 2
mass M is hinged at point O, located at a =
9
distance of from one of its ends. The bar
3
is further supported using springs, each of 2L  2L  L L 
I  K     K    
stiffness k, located at the two ends. A par- 3  3  3 3 

ER
M 2Ml 2 d 2 5K
ticle of mass m = is fixed at one end of    2n 
4 9 dt 2M
the bar, as shown in the figure. For small
rotations of the bar about O, the natural 5K
 n =
frequencyof the system is 2M

## L 41. For an inline slider-crank mechanism, the

ST
L/3 lengths of the crank and connecting rod are
O m
3m and 4m, respectively. At the instant when
the connecting rod is perpendicular to the
k k
crank, if the velocity of the slider is 1 m/s,
the magnitude of angular velocity (upto 3
decimal points accuracy) of the crank is ___
A
5K 5K
(a) (b) Sol. (0.266)
M 2M
Connecting rod
M
Crank 3m
3K 3K 4m
(c) (d)
2M M
3°
1 m/s
=37°
Sol. (b)
L
4
Vconnecting rod = 1cos   ms
S

L/3 5
m = M/4
O Vconnecting rod = crank  r
IE

4
 = crank  3
5

4
 crank =  0.266 rad s
15
Mass moment of inertia about 0,
Alternate :
2 2
Ml 2 l l 2l I24
I  M     m    I14
12  2 3  3 I2 A
3m
Ml 2 Ml 2 4ml 2 (2) (4)
=   (3)
12 36 9 O

Ml 2 4Ml 2 I12 (1)  I34
= 
9 49
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14 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

## Applying Kennedy’s theorem at I24,

n
2   I24 I12  = VA  VB  1  Vd1 
K 
5 
d    
=  2 
 2   I24 I12  = 1  d1   Vd 2 
n
K 
  
1 1
 2 = I I  OB tan 
24 12
[ f  KR e n ]

ER
1 4
 d 52 d1n
= 5 3 15 =0.266 rad/s = d5  d n
1 2
4
5 n
42. Consider steady flow of an incompressible fluid  d2 
= 
through two long and straight pipes of diam-  d1 
eters d1 and d2 arranged in series. Both pipes

ST
are of equal length and the flow is turbulent 43. One kg of an ideal gas (gas constant, R =
in both pipes. The friction factor for turbu- 400 J/kg.K: specific heat at constant volume,
lent flow though pipes is of the form, cv = 1000 J/kg.K) at 1 bar, and 300 K is
n contained in a sealed rigid cylinder. During
f  K  Re  , where K and  are known
an adiabatic process, 100 kJ of work is done
positive constants and Re is the Reynolds on the system by a stirrer. The increase in
A
number. Neglecting minor losses, the ratio entropy of the system is ____J/K.
of the frictional pressure drop in pipe 1 to
Sol. (287.68)
 P1 
that in pipe 2  P  , is given by Given
M
 2 m = 1 Kg
 5n  5 R = 400 J Kg K
 d2   d2 
(a) d  (b)   CV = 1000 J KgK
 1  d1 
T1 = 300 K
 3n   5n  W = 100 KJ
S

 d2   d2 
(c) d  (d)   Rigid cylinder, adiabatic process
 1  d1 
Applying first law of thermodynamics
dQ = dU  dW
IE

Sol. (a)
[ dQ = 0 adiabatic and
P1 gh f1 h f1
=  dU = MCVdT for constant volume]
P2 gh f 2 h f 2
mC V dT = dW
f1lV12
2gd1 100  103
= dT =
f 2lV22 1  1000
2gd 2
dT = 100
f1Q2
T2 = T1  dT  400 K
d15
= For ideal gas
f 2 Q2
d 52

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 15

Sol. (12)
T2 V2
S2  S1 = mC V l n T  R ln V Approach = over travel
1 1
= d D  d 
[ V2 = V1 rigid cylinder]

 400  = 2   34  2 
S2  S1 = m  1000  ln  0
 300  = 8 mm

ER
 S system = S2  S1  287.68 J K Estimated machine time per pass

## Block length+ Approach + Over travel

44. A sprue in a sand mould has a top diameter =
table feed
of 20 mm and height of 200 mm. The veloc-
ity of the molten metal at entry of the sprue 200  8  8
is 0.5 m/s. Assume acceleration due to grav- = minute
18
ity as 9.8 m/s2 and neglect all losses. If the

ST
mould is well ventilated the velocity (upto 3 = 12 minute
decimal points accuracy) of the molten metal 46. A point mass of 100 kg is dropped onto a
at the bottom of the sprue is ____m/s. massless elastic bar (cross-sectional area =
100 mm2, length = 1m, Young’s modulus =
Sol. (2.042) 100 GPa) from a height H of 10 mm as shown
20 mm (figure is not to scale). If g = 10 m/s2, the
(1)
A
maximum compression of the elastic bar is
___mm.
Sprue 200 mm
m=100 kg
M

H=10mm
Datum (2)
Applying bernaulli’s equation between (1) and
g
(2).
V1 = 0.5 m/s
h1 = 200 mm L=1 m
S

h2 = 0
P1= P2 = Patm.

P1 V12 P V2
IE

  h1 = 2  2  h 2
g 2g g 2g
V2 = 2.042 m/s Sol. (1.517 mm)

## 45. A block of length 200 mm is machined by a m = 100 kg

slab milling cutter 34 mm in diameter. The
H=10mm
depth of cut and table feed are set at 2mm
and 18mm/minute, respectively. Considering
the approach and the over travel of the cut- g
ter to be same, the minimum estimated
machining time per pass in___minutes. L=1m

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16 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

## 48. Two black surfaces, AB and BC, of lengths

1
mg  h  x  = K bar x 2 5m and 6m, respectively, are oriented as
2
shown. Both surfaces extend infinitely into
[By energy conserved] the third dimension. Given that view factor
EA F12 = 0.5, T1 = 800K. T2 = 600K, Tsurrounding
Kbar = = 300K and Stefan Boltzmann constant,
L
  5.64  10 8 W/  m 2K 4  , the heat transfer
100  109  100  10 6 rate from Surface 2 to the surrounding envi-
N m

ER
=
1 ronment is ___kW.
= 107 N m

x = 1.317 mm
Surface 2
47. Following data refers to the jobs (P, Q, R, S)

Job
P
ST
which have arrived at a machine for sched-
uling. The shortest possible average flow time
is ___ days.
Processing Time
(days)
15
B
Surface 1
Surrounding
A
Q 9 Sol. (14.696)
R 22
A
S 12
M

Surf. 2
Sol. (31) Surrounding (3)
5 m, 600 K
According to shortest possible time sequencing
the job sequence will be
800 K, 6 m
B C
QSPR
Surf. 1

## Job Pr ocessin g Job flow time AB = 5 m

S

BC = 6 m
Q 9 9
F12 = 0.5
S 12 21
A1F12 = A 2F21 [Reciprocity relation]
IE

P 15 36
R 22 58   2  6   0.5 =  L  5   F21
 F21 = 0.6
Total job flow time = 124
F21  F22  F23 = 1
Total job flow time
Average job flow time =  0.6  0  F23 = 1
no of jobs
 F23 = 0.4
124 Heat tr ansfer rate fr om su rface to
=
4 surrounding
= 31 days
q 12 = F23A 2  T24  Tsurr
4

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 17

## Let the number of teeth on the sun, planet

= 0.4   5.67  10 8    5  1    6004  300 4  W
and outer gears to be 50, 25, and 100,
=13.778 KW respectively. The ratio of magnitudes of
angular velocity of the planet gear to the
49. Heat is generated uniformly in a long solid
angular velocity of the carrier arm is ___.
cylindrical rod (diameter = 10mm) at the rate
of 4 × 107 W/m3. the thermal conductivity of Outer ring gear
the rod material is 25 W/mK. Under steady Planet gear

ER
state conditions, the temperature difference Sun gear
between the centre and the surface of the rod
is ___°C.

Sol. (10)
Given Carrier arm
Cylindrical rod dia = 10 mm

ST
Rate of heat generation q g = 4  107 W m 3

## Thermal conductivity, K = 25 W mK Sol. (3)

Temperature distribution in a cylindrical rod Planet gear (25T)
with uniform heat generation under steady
state is given by Outer ring
A
gear (100T)
q g R 2   r 2 
T0  T = 1   100 rpm
4K   R   Sun gear (50T) Carrier arm
 
M

## [T0  Centre temperature] Sun  S  Planet  P  Outer ring

T Wihtout  orpm  50 50 25 x
x x   2x x   
arm 25 25 100 2
R x
T0 With arm  y rpm  x  y  100 2x  y  y 0
2

x + y = 100 ...(1)
S

Hence,
x
for T  T0  Tcentre means r  0  y =0 ...(2)
2
IE

## q g R2 Eqn. (1) and (2), we get

So, T0 – T = 3x
4k = 100
2
200
 x=
4  107   0.005 2 3
T0  Twall = 100
4  25 y=
3
Tcentre  Twall = 10
p , (Angular vel. of plant gear) = –2x + y

## 50. In an epicyclic gear train, shown in the 400 100

=  = –100
figure, the outer ring gear is fixed, while the 3 3
sun gear rotates counterclockwise at 100 rpm.

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18 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

p 1200  T2
0.9 =
= 100  3 1200  621.54
arm 100
3 T2 = 679.38 K

## 51. The pressure ratio across a gas turbine (for

air, specific heat of constant pressure, cp = 1 0 1 
 2 2
1040 J/kg.K and ratio of specific heats, 52. Consider the matrix P   0 1 0

ER
  1.4 is 10. If the inelt temperature to the  1 0 1 
 2 2
turbine is 1200 K and the isentropic effi-
ciency is 09, the gas temperature at turbine Which one of the following statements about
exit is ___K. P is INCORRECT?
(a) Determinant of P is equal to 1.
Sol. (679.38)
(b) P is orthogonal
T
P1

P2
ST 2

Sol. (d)
(c)
(d)
Inverse of P is equal to its transpose.
All eigenvalues of P are real numbers

 1 1 
0
A
 
S  2 2
 0 1 0 
P=  
Given,
 1 0 1 
M

P1  2 2 
P2 = 10 (i) P =1
CP = 1040 J/kg
 1 1 
Y = 1.4  0 
 2 2
T1 = 1200 K
(ii) PT =  0 1 0 
 
S

isentropic = 0.9
 1 1 
0
for process 1 - 2  2 2 
 1
IE

T2 P   1 1  1 1 
 0 0
=  2   
T1  P1   2 2 2 2
P.PT =  0 1 0   0 1 0 
  
1 
0.4/1.4  1 0 1   1 0 1 
 T2 = 1200    2 2   2 2 
 10 
T2 = 621.54 K 1 0 0 
Now, we know  
0 1 0  I
=
0 0 1 
T1  T2  
isentropic =
T1  T2 Hence P is orthogonal as P.PT = I

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 19

## Equating slope of ine-segment A-B-C

 1 1 
 0  log  0.8u   log S log  0.8 u   log   en 
 2 2 
34 36
(iii) P–1 =  0 1 0   PT

 1
0
1  log  0.8 u   log  n 
  log S  log  0.8 u  
2 2  3

ER
 S = 386.34
Hence (iv) is wrong.
54. Assume that the surface roughness profile is
53. A machine element has an ultimate strength
triangular as shown schematically in the
 u  of 600 N/mm2, and endurnace limit figure. If the peak to valley height is 20 m,
 en  of 250 N/mm2. The fatigue curve for the central line average surface roughness
Ra (in m) is

ST
the element on a log-log plot is shown below.
If the element is to be designed for a finite
life of 10000 cycles, the maximum amplitude
of a completely reversed operating stress is
___ N/mm2.
(a) 5 (b) 6.67
0.8 u
A (c) 10 (d) 20
A
Failure stress

B
Sol. (a)
en
Average surface roughness, Ra = Z1 + Z2 ___
M
Zn
+
n

10
3
10
6 h
=
No. of cycles 4

S

=
4
A
0.8 u = 5 mm
S B
IE

## 55. Circular arc on a part profile is being ma-

chined on a vertical CNC milling machine,
en C
CNC part program using metric units with
absolute dimensins is listed below:

## N60 G01 X 30 Y 55 Z-5 F50

3 4 6
10 10 10 N70 G02 X 50 Y 35 R 20
Coordinates of points are : N80 G01 Z 5
A  A   log  0.8u  ,3  The coordinates of the centre of the circular
arc are:
B   log S,4 
(a) (30, 55) (b) (50, 55)
C   log en , 6  (c) (50, 35) (d) (30, 35)

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20 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

Sol. (d) While rotating Q the whole cone will also rotate
in a circle of radius which will be equal to its
and slant height.
55 So rotating Q it will cover 2R distance in
horizontal circle.

2R
(30, 35) 2l

ER
5
=  2
13
30 50
Two possible centre are (30, 35)  For R  +ve 10
Q=
 (50, 55)  for R  –ve. 13
GENERAL APTITUDE
2. As the two speakers became increasingly
1.

ST
A right-angled cone (with base radius 5 cm
and height 12 cm), as shown in the figure
below, is rolled on the ground keeping the
point P fixed until the point Q (at the base
of the cone, as shown) touches the ground
again
Sol. (d)
agitated, the debate became_____.
(a) lukewarm
(c) forgiving
(b) poetic
(d) heated

## Lukewarm  milld; other poetic and for giving

A
is not suitable here.
360 deg.
? 3. In a company with 100 employees, 45 earn
5cm

M

r=

## earn Rs. 150,000. The median of the salaries

h =1
2cm is
Q P Ground (a) Rs. 20,000 (b) Rs. 30,000
(c) Rs. 32,300 (d) Rs. 40,000
S

## cone travel? Sol. (b)

5 5 Medium is the middle term of the data
(a) (b) arranged in increasing under if no of terms
12 24
IE

## 24 10 are odd, if is even then median will be the

(c) (d) average of two middle terms.
5 13
So for above question, arranging data
Sol. (d)
30000  30000
360 deg Median =  30000
2

## r 4. He was one of my best___and I felt his loss

_____.
h=
11 2 (a) friend, keenly (b) friends, keen
cm
(c) friend, keener (d) friends, keenly

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION  | 21

Sol. (d) If it is 8
5. P, Q, and R talk about S’ 5 car collection P  Sum of digits = 8 + 0 + 0 + 0 +0 = 8
states that S has at least 3 cars. Q believes If it is 9
that S has been than 3 cars R indicates that  Sum of digits = 9 + 0 + 1 + 0 + 0 = 10
to his knowledge, S has at least one car.
Only one of P, Q and R is right. The number 7. “Here, throughout the early 1820s, Stuart
of cars owned by S is contained to fight his losing battle to allow

ER
his sepoys to wear their caste-marks and their
(a) 0
own choice of facial hair on parade, being
(b) 1 again repromanded by the commander-in-
(c) 3 chied. His retort that ‘A stronger instance
than this of European prejudice with relation
(d) Cannot be determined
to this country has never come under my
observations’ had no effect on his superiors.”
Sol. (a)

ST
S According to this paragraph, which of the
statements below is most accurte?
Q P (a) Stuart’s commander-in-chief was moved
by this demonstration of his prejudice
(b) The Europeans were accommodaing of
0 1 2 3 the sepoys’ desire to wear their caste-
A
As per given condition no of car according to marks.
P3 (c) Stuart’s losing battle refers to his in-
Q<3 ability to succeed in enabling sepoys to
M
R1 wear cast-marks.
and only one is correct. (d) The commander-in-chief was exempt
So only Q cars is satisfying the given condition. from the European prejudice that
dicatated how the sepoys were to dress
6. What is the sum of the missing digits in the
subtraction problem below?
Sol. (c)
S

5
8. Let S1 be the plane figure consisting of the
 48 _ 89 points (x, y) given by the inequalities |x –
1 111 1|  2 and |y + 2|  3 . Let S2 be the plane
IE

## (a) 8 figure given by the inequalities

(b) 10 x  y  2, y  1, and x  3. Let S be the
(c) 11 union of S1 and S2. The area of S is
(d) Cannot be determined (a) 26 (b) 28
(c) 32 (d) 34
Sol. (d)

5_ _ _ _ _
 48 _ 89
01111

## By hit and trial we find that the missing digit

in lower number an be either 8 or 9.
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22 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

## Sol. (c) (a) Mark was known to play better than

James
x –y = –2
6 (b) Steve was known to play better than
5 (3,5) Mark
4 (c) James and Steve were good friends
3 (d) James played better than Steve
S2
2 Sol. (b)
1 y=1
The statement by James, “May be not, but at

ER
–4 –3 –2 1 2 3 4 5 6 least I am the best player in my own family”
–1 suggests that mark is not best play in is family
–2 so stene is known to play better than mark.
x=3
x = –1
–3 10. The growth of bacteria (lactobacillus) in milk
–4 leads to curd formation A minimum bacte-
y=–5
–5 rial population density of 0.8 (in suitable units)

x 1
x  1  2
–6

ST
x 1  2
x 1
x 1  2
is needed to form curd. In the graph below,
the population density of lactobacillus in 1
litre of milk is plotted as a function of time
at two different temperatures, 25°C and 37°C
Population density

1.0
0.9
0.8
37°C
25°C
x  1 x 3
A
0.7
0.6
y2 3 0.5
y  2 y  2 0.4
0.3
M

y2 3 y  2  3 0.2
0.1
y 1 y  5 0.0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120140160 180 200
Intersection point of x –y = –2 and x = 3 Time (min)

## 3  y = –2 Consider the following statements based on

the data shown above
y=3 + 2 = 5
S

## i. The growth in bacterial population stops

Point is (3, 5)
earlier at 37°C as compared to 25°C
Area of S= Area of S1  Area of S2 ii. The time taken for curd formation at
IE

## 1 25°C is twice the time taken at 37°C

= 6  4  
44 Which one of the following options is correct?
2
= 24 + 8 = 32 (a) Only i (b) Only ii
9. Two very famous sportsmen Mark and Steve (c) Both i and ii (d) Neither i nor ii
happened to be brothers, and played for coun- Sol. (a)
try K. Mark teased James, an opponent from (i) the growth in bacterial population stops
country E, “There is no way you are good almost 140s in 37°C as compared to 180s
enought to play for your country.” James in 25°C.
replied, “Maybe not, but at least I am the (ii) time taken for curd formation at 25°C is
best player in my own family.” approximately 90s while it is 130s in 37°C
Which one of the following can be inferred which is not double.
from this conversation?

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