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Diunggah oleh Vijaykumar Surla

gate 2017 set1

- lab report hhh.docx
- Mathhma9 Tensile Testing of Polymers
- Lec 11 Low Cycle Fatigue Analysis II - MASING BEHAVIOUR
- Chapter 1 - STRESS AND STRAIN.pdf
- Wheel Analysis
- Elasticity
- Stress Analysis (1)
- Chapter 1
- Stress and Strain
- Необходимость Учета Плато Людерса в Расчетах Трубопровода На Тектонических Разломах
- Bilinear
- Ductility of Prestressed and Partially Prestressed Concrete Beam Sections_thompson & Park
- Molecular Dynamics Simulation of a LixMn2O4 Spinel Cathode Material in Li-ion Batteries
- Stress n Strain n Kriteria LULUH
- David Dye Metaluurgy Notes
- Balcony Glass Partition Calculation_JBRS
- Copy of Lec6
- Calculations
- PMTandFND
- 1_Tensile_Test.doc

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GATE—2017

Mech. Engineering Questions and Details Solution

Session-1

ER

1. A particle of unit mass is moving on a plane.

15.02 14.98

Its trajectory in polar coordinates is given by =

6 0.004

r(t) t2 , (t) t where t is time. The kinetic = 1.667

of the particle at time t = 2 is

ST

3. Which one of the following is NOT a rotating

(a) 4 (b) 12 machine?

(c) 16 (d) 24 (a) Centrifugal pump (b) Gear pump

(c) Jet pump (d) Vane pump

Sol. (c)

dr Sol. (c)

= V = 2t = 2 × 2 for t = 2

A

dt Centrifugal pump: It has rotating part eg.,

=4

impeller, Vane.

r(t) = t2

Gear Pump: In this pump there is gear

r(2) = (2) × 2 = 4

M

mechanism which is rotating part.

d dt Jet Pump: Here pump utilizing ejecter

= 1

dt dt principle which have nozzle and difusses not

1 1 rotating parts.

So, K.E = mv 2 I

2 2 Vane Pump: It consist of rotating disc which

2

I = mr = 1 × 4 at t 2 called as rotor in which number of radial slots

=4 are there where sliding vanes is inserted

S

So, k.E = 1 (4)2 1 (4)2 1

2 2 of times. The mean valueof the outcomes is

= 16

IE

number of times. The mean valueof the out-

2. Cylindrical pins of diameter 150.020 mm are comes is ____.

being produced on a machine. Statistical

quality control tests show a mean of 14.995 Sol. (3.5)

mm and standard deviation of 0.04 mm. The

6

process capability index Cp is

Mean outcome = n i pi

(a) 0.833 (b) 1.667 i 1

1234 56 1

= pi

6 6

Sol. (b)

= 3.5

USL LSL

CP =

6

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2 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

doubled. Assuming all other process param-

eters to be constant, the cross sectional area Te = 100 – 50 = 50°C

of the weld bead will

(a) increase by 25% 80 50

Tm =

80

(b) increase by 50% ln

50

(c) reduce by 25%

ER

(d) reduce by 50% Tm = 63.82°C

Sol. (d)

spring mass system, governed by the rela-

Since, all process parameter are constant

Material deposition rate = constant d 2x dx

tionship m c kx F(t) , is given by

= Area of weld (Aw) dt 2

dt

Vw = 2Vw

ST

× welding speed (Vw)

Vw A w

A w = A w V 2

w

(a)

(c)

c

mk

c

km

(b)

(d)

c

2 km

c

2mk

A A w

A

% change = w 100 50%

Aw

Sol. (b)

kx = F(t)

M

at 20°C and exits at 50°C. The value of the

cx kx = 0

or, mx

Log Mean Temperature Difference (LMTD)

is _____°C. (By considering sum of the

inertia force and external

Sol. (63.82°C) forces on a body in a

direction in to be zero)

100°C Steam 100°C

S

1 = 100 – 20 = 50 c k

i.e., 2 2 = 0

m m

IE

= 80 50°C

2

Cold C C k

20°C 1, 2 =

2m 2m m

2

LMTD is given by C s

The ratio of

2m to m gives the degree of

1 2 dumpness and square root of those termed as

Tm =

damping ratio.

ln 1

2 2

C

For parallel as well as counter flow heat 2m

= C

exchanger. K 2 km

Considering it as parallel flour heat exchanger. m

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION | 3

T T

= max (a) u(x, y) = f(x + cy)

J ra

(b) u(x, y) = f(x – cy)

8. A motor driving a solid circular steel shaft (c) u(x, y) = f(cx + y)

transmits 40 kW of power at 500 rpm. If the

(d) u(x, y) = f(cx – y)

diameter of the shaft is 40mm, the maxi-

mum shear stress in the shaft is ___MPa.

ER

Sol. (b)

Sol. (60.792 MPa) Let u f ax by

u

ax by = ax by

40 mm f

u u

ST

Given Now, C 0

y x

Power transmitted P, 40 KW

Speed of shaft, N = 500 rpm u ax by du ax by

C

Diameter, a = 40 mm ax by y ax by x

We know

=0

P=

2NT

A

[Where T-Torque] b ca = 0

60

b = –ac

60P If a = 1

So, T=

M

2N b = –c

T= N-m

2 500

= f x cy

T = 763.44 N-m

Maximum shear stress after applying Torque, 10. Consider the two-dimensional velocity

T will be at a distance d/2 from neutral axis

S

and will be given by

T max iˆ 4 a2x b2 y ˆj. where a1,b1a2 and b2 are

= r

IE

[Where Tmin = Shear Stress conditins needs to be satisfied for the flow to

J = Polar moment of inerita be incompressible?

rmax = d/2 (a) a1 + b1 = 0 (b) a1 + b2 = 0

T d 32 (c) a2 + b2 = 0 (d) a2 + b2 = 0

max =

d 4 2

10.

min = 60.792 MPa

equation u(x, y) with the constant c > 1:

V 5 a1x b1 y iˆ 4 a 2x b2 y ˆj

u u

c = 0 = uiˆ Vjˆ

y x

For, incompressible flow,

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4 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

u v

=0 retradation goes on increasing and hence

x y average velocity goes on decreasing.

a1 + b2 = 0

13. The Poisson’s rati for a perfectly incompress-

11. The product of eignvalues of the matrix P is ible linear elastic material is

(a) 1 (b) 0.5

2 0 1

P 4 3 3 (c) 0 (d) infinity

ER

0 2 1

Sol. (b)

(a) –6 (b) 2 Volumetric strain for linear elastic material,

(c) 6 (d) –2

V 1 2

v =

V

E

x y z

Sol. (b)

For incompressible flow

Product of eigen value = P

2

4 3

0

0

2

ST

1

3

1

14.

V = 0

1 2 = 0

= 0.5

= 2 (3 – 6) + 1 (8 – 0) mild steel, the Ultimate Tensile Strength

A

=2 (UTS) refers to

(a) Yield stress

12. For steady flow of a viscous incompressible

(b) Proportional limit

M

diameter, the average velocity in the fully (c) Maximum stress

developed region is constant. Which one of

(d) Fracture stress

the folloiwng statements about the average

velocityin the developing region is TRUE?

Sol. (c)

(a) It increases until the flow is fully devel-

For mild, steel stress-strain curve is :

oped.

S

(b) It is constant and is equal to the aver-

age velocity in the fully developed re- UTS

gion.

IE

oped

(d) It is constant but is always lower than

the average velocity in the fully devel- E

oped region.

15. The molar specific heat at constant volume

of an ideal gas is equal to 2.5 times the

Sol. (c)

universal gas constant (8.314 J/mol.K). When

the temperature increases by 100K, the

change in molar specific enthalpy is _____J/

mol.

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION | 5

C

h = specific enthalpy = CP T 4

= C V R 3

= 2.5R R T 2 D

1

ER

= 2909.9

I H G F E

0

16. A heat pump absorbs 10 kW of heat from 1 2 3 4 5 6

outside environment at 250 K while absorb- Time(s)

ing 15 kW of work. It delivers the heat to a Distance covered

room that must be kept warm at 300 K. The = Area under the curve from t = 0 to t = 5 sec.

Coefficient of Performance (COP) of the heat

ST

pump is _____. AOI ABHI Trapezoidal BCGH

= Ar Trapezoidal CDFG

Sol. (1.67)

1 1

Head delivered to room = 1 1 1 2 1 1 4 3 2

C.O.P. = 2 2

work input

1

25 Kw

A 4 2 5 3

2

= 1.67

15 Kw = 10

Here,

M

Heat delivered = Heat taken + work input d2 y

18. The differential equation 16 y 0 for

dx 2

17. The following figure shows the velocity-time

plot for a particle travelling along a straight y(x) with the two boundary conditions

line. The distance covered by the particle from dy dy

t = 0 to 5 = 5 s is ___m. 1 and 1 has

dx x 0 dx x

2

S

(a) no solution

Velocity (m/s)

IE

2 (d) infinitely many solutions

1

Sol. (a)

1 2 3 4 5 6 d2y

Time (s) 16y = 0

dx 2

Sol. (10) D2 16 y = 0

Let D2 = m2

D

Since, V

t m2 16 = 0 (this is a complex equation)

m = 4i 0 4i

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6 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

(c) 1 (d) –1

y = C1 cos 4x C2 sin 4x eox

Lim lim

x0 x x 0 1

y 0 = 4C2 1

[Using L Hospital Rule]

1 = –1

C2

ER

=

4 21. Consider the schematic of a riveted lap joint

subjected to tensile load F, as shown below.

Let d be the diameter of the rivets, and Sf be

y = 1 4C1 sin 2 4C2 cos2

2 the maximum permissible tensile stress in

–1 = 4C 2 the paltes. What should be the minimum

value for the thickness of the plates to guard

19.

C2 = –

1

4

ST

In a metal forming operation when the ma-

terial has just started yielding,

the principal stresses are

1 180 MPa, 2 100 MPa, 3 0. Fol-

against tensile failure of the plates? Assume

the plates to be identical.

W

W/4 d

W/2

d

F

F L

A

lowing von Mises’ criterion the yield stress is

____MPa. F F

(a) Sf W 2d

(b) S W

f

M

Sol. (245.76)

According to Von-misces, yield stress ( yt ) is F 2F

(c) Sf W d

(d) S W

given by f

2

yt

1 2 2 2 3 2 3 1 2 2 Sol. (a)

N

S

w/4

Given, 1 = +180 MPa w/2

2 = –100 MPa

IE

3 = 0

F

N=1

Area of shear

yt =

1 2 22 12 = Max. permissible tensile stress (Sf)

2

F

= 245.76 MPa = Sf

w 2d t

x 3 sin x F

20. The value of lim is t= S

x 0 x f w 2d

(a) 0 (b) 3

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION | 7

22. Water (density = 1000 kg/m3) at ambient (c) P–3, Q–2, R–4, S–1

temperature flows through a horizontal pipe (d) P–2, Q–4, R–3, S–1

of uniform corss section at the rate of 1 kg/

s. If the pressure drop across the pipe is 100 Sol. (a)

kPa, the minimum power required to pump P EdM Mac hining of elec tron ics

the water across the pipe, in watts, is___. conductive material

Q USM Machining of glass

Sol. (100 Watt)

ER

R Chemical Machining

3 2

P = 100 kPa = 100 × 10 N/m No reduced stress

Q = 1 kg/sec S Ion beam machining Nano-machining

or, AV = 1 kg/sec 25. Consider a beam with circular cross-section

1 1 of diameter d. The ratio of the second mo-

or A= ment of area about the neutral axis to the

V

ST

section modulus of the area is

P A

Power =

t d d

3 (a) (b)

100 10 1 2 2

= 100 watt

1000

(c) 3 (d) d

23. Metric thread of 0.8 mm pitch is to be cut on

a lathe. Pitch of the lead screw is 1.5 mm.

A

Sol. (a)

If the spindle rotates at 1500 rpm, the speed

Ion circular cross-section, Second moment of

of rotation of the lead screw (rpm) will be

area of beam

____.

M

d 4

Sol. (800) =

64

Pt = 0.8 mm [Petch of thread]

d3

N t = 1500 rpm [RPM of spindle] Section Modulus =

32

Ps = 1.5 mm

d

N S PS ZS = N t Pt Z t Zs Zt 1 Ratio =

S

2

N S 1.5 1 = 1500 0.8 1

26. For a steady flow, the velocity field is

NS = 800 rpm

V x 2 3y iˆ 2xy ˆj. The magnitude of

IE

24. Match the processes with their characteris- the acceleration of a particle at (1, –1) is

tics.

(a) 2 (b) 1

Process Characteristics

P : Electrical Discharge (c) 2 5 (d) 0

1. No residual stress

Machining

2. Machining of

electrically Sol. (c)

Q : Ultrasonic machining

conductive Given flow filed

materials

R : Chemical machining 3. Machining of glass V = x 2 3y ˆi 2xy ˆj

S : Ion Beam Machining 4. Nano machining

V = uiˆ vjˆ

(a) P–2, Q–3, R–1, S–4

So, v = 2xy

(b) P–3, Q–2, R–1, S–4

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8 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

u = – x2 + 3y Z(0, 0) = 0

For steady flow acceleration is given by Z(0, 40) = 3200

Z(15, 25) = 3500 Maximum

u u

ax = u v Z(30, 0) = 3000

x y

So desired quantity of P is 15 and Q is 25.

v v Note: the desired point P can be directly

ay = u v calculated by solving equation (i) and (ii)

x y

ER

28. A 10 mm deep cylindrical cup with diameter

ax = x 2 3y 2x 2xy 3

of 15mm is drawn from a circular blank.

ax = 2x3 – 6xy + 6xy Neglecting the variation in the sheet thick-

ness, the diameter (upto 2 decimal points

a 1, 1x = +2

accuracy) of the blank is ___mm.

Similarly,

a(1 –1)y = 4 Sol. (28.72 mm)

anet =

anet =

anet =

4 16

ST

a 2x a 2y

20 2 5 m s

Cup dia, d = 15 mm

D

d

h

A

27. Two models, P and Q, of a product earn profits Cup height, h = 10 mm

of Rs. 100 and Rs. 80 per piece, respectively. We know blank diameter D

Production times for P and Q are 5 hours

and 3 hours, respectively, while the total D= d 2 4dh mm

M

a total batch size of 40, to maximize profit, D = 152 4 15 10 mm

the number of units of P to be produced is D = 28.72 mm

___.

29. The velocity profile inside the boundary layer

Sol. (15) for flow over a flat plate is given as

S

u y

Profit, Z = 100P + 80Q sin , where U is the free

U 2

5P 3Q 150 [Time constraint] ...(i)

IE

P + Q = 40 ... (ii)

Putting these equation on graph layer thickness. If * is the local displace-

Q

*

ment thickness, the value of is

50

(1) 2 2

40A

(a) (b) 1

B(15,25)

2

(c) 1 (d) 0

(2)

P

O 30 40

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION | 9

Sol. (b) Y

U y

Given, sin

U =

2 1

–1 X

Local displacement thickness 1

–1

ER

U

= 1 dy

0

U

Given 0 u 1

y So, 0 x 1 , 0 y 1

* = 1 sin dy

0 2

i.e., 0

ST

2

2 y

* = y x cos So, we will get as quarter circle in x-y plane

2 0

and by revolving it by 360°, we will get a

hemisphere of radius unit.

2

* = 0 0 Area of hemisphere = 2 1 2

= 2

A

2

* = 1

31. A horizontal bar, fixed at one end (x = 0),

has alength of 1m, and cross-sectional area

* 2 of 100m2. Its elastic modulus varies along its

M

So, = 1

length as given by E(x) = 100 e–x GPa, where

x is the length coordinate (in m) along the

30. A parametric curve defined by

axis of the bar. An axial tensile load of 10

u u kN is applied at the free end (x = 1). The

x cos ,y sin in the range axial displacement of the free end is___mm.

2 2

S

degrees. Area of the surface generated is d

IE

(a) (b) 10 KN

2

R=10 KN

1m

(c) 2 (d) 4

x=0

Given length, L = 1m

Sol. (c) A = 100 mm2

u E(x) = 100e x GPa

x = cos

2 P = 10 KN

Reaction, R = 10 KN

u

y = sin So elongation is given by

2

x

x 2 y 2 = 1; P x

d = A x E x dx

It represents a circle in x-y plane. 0

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10 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

P 2E.d 4 4

A(x) = constant = 100 mm2 Buckoing stress, = A L2 64 d 2

eff

E(x) = 100e x GPa

Equating thermal stress and buckling stress

x 2Ed 2

P 1

ET = 16L2

d = A 100 e x dx eff

0

So, T is directly proportional to d 2

ER

10 103 e1 e0

d = 33. Two cutting tools with tool life equations

100 10 6 100 109

given below are being compared:

d = 1.718 10 3 m Tool 1 : VT0.1 = 150

32. An initially stress-free massless elastic beam where V is cutting speed in m/minute and T

ST

of length L and circular cross-section with

diameter d (d<<L) is held fixed between two

walls as shown. The beam material has

Young’s modulus E and coefficient of ther-

mal expansion .

d

is tool life in minutes. The breakdown cut-

ting speed beyond which Tool 2 will have a

higher tool life is ___ m/minute.

Sol. (106.07)

Given tool life equations

Tool 1, VT0.1 = 150 ..(1)

A

L

Tool 2, VT0.3 = 300 ..(2)

If the beam is slowly and uniformly heated, For break even velocity from (1)

M

beam to buckle is proportional to 150

T=

(a) d (b) d2

V

putting the above value in equation (2) we

(c) d3 (d) d4

3

150

have V 300

Sol. (b) v

S

d V = 106.07 m/s

L and radius (R) are initially at rest. They roll

IE

On increasing temperature thermal stress

without slipping. Disk A has all of its mass

= ET concentrated at the rim, while Disk B has

Using bucklig condition buckling load its mass uniformly distributed. At the bot-

tom of the plane, the ratio of velocity of the

2EIim center of disk A to the velocity of the center

P=

L2eff of disk B is

Here Imin for a circular cross-section

3 3

(a) (b)

d 4 4 2

=

64

(c) 1 (d) 2

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION | 11

Sol. (a)

. V = 0

A B

Alternatively :

Divergence of a curl is always zero.

of plane strain. The (x, y) coordinates of the

corners of the underformed rectangle are

ER

Given mass of both disks = m given by P(0, 0), Q(4, 0), R(4, 3) S(0.3). The

Radius of both disks = R rectangle is subjected to uniform strains,

Initially both have same potential energy finally

xx 0.001, yy 0.002, xy 0.003. The

they will also have same energy.

deformed length of the elongated diagonal,

1 1 upto three decimal places. is ___ units.

So, I A w 2A = IB w 2B ...(1)

2 2

ST

Wher e I A and IB are moment of inertia about Sol. (5.014 mm)

point of contact.

So, IA = 2mR 2

5(0, 3) R(4, 3)

3

IB = mR 2

2 5

A

So from (1) 1

wA IB P(0, 0) Q(4, 0)

wB = IA 4

M

cos 1 =

5

wA VA 3

= 3

wB VB 4 sin 1 =

5

xx = 0.001

35. ˆ the

For the vector V 2yz iˆ 3xzjˆ 4xy k,

S

yy = 0.002

value of V is ___.

xy = 0.003

Sol. (0)

IE

Given, PR

= 1 along PR

V 2yziˆ 3xzjˆ 4xykˆ PR

= PR 7

V x y z = mm

PR 2500

2yz 3xz 4xy

PR = 0.014 mm

= xiˆ 2yjˆ zkˆ

Length of elongated diagonal = PR PR

x = 5.014 mm

. V = 2y z

x y z

= 1 2 1

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12 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

37. P(0, 3), Q(0.5. 4), and R(1,5) are three points Sol. (73.821)

on the curve defined by f(x). Numerical inte-

CH4 1.5 2 O2 3.76N 2 CO2 2H2O

gration is carried out using both Trapezoidal

rule and Simpson’s rule within limits x = 0 O2 3 3.76N 2

and x = 1 for the curve. The difference be-

% of N2 is product

tween the two results will be

(a) 0 (b) 0.25 3 3.76

= 100

(c) 0.5 (d) 1 3 3.76 1 2 1

ER

= 73.821%

Sol. (a)

39. Moist air is treated as an ideal gas mixture

of water vapor and dry air (molecular weight

5 B of air = 28.84 and molecular weight of water

(1, 5)

F(x) = 18). At a location, the total pressure is 100

4

A (5,4) kPa, the temperature is 30°C and the rela-

(0, 3)3

2

1

0

0.5

ST 2

tive humidity is 55%. Given that the satura-

tion pressure of water at 30°C is 4246 Pa,

the mass of water vapor per kg of dry air is

___ grams.

Sol. (14.872)

P = total pressure = 100 kPa

A

h T = 30°C

h

f x dx 2 y0 yn 2 y1 y 2 ... Relative humidity = 55%

a

M

PVS = 4246 Pa

1 1 We know

3 4 0.5 4 5 0.5

2 2

PV

= 4 Relative humidity, = P

VS

From simpson 1/3rd router

where PV = Vapour pressure

b

h PVS = Vapour pressure at saturated

S

a PV

So, 0.55 =

4246

0.5

IE

= 3 5 4 4 PV = 2335.3 Pa

3

So, mass of water vapour per kg of dry air is

= 4 called specific humidity and given by

Difference between result = 4 – 4 = 0

0.622Pv

38. Air contains 79% to N2 and 21% O2 on a w=

P Pv

molar basis. Methane (CH4) is burned with

50% excess air than required stoichiometri- 0.622 PV 2335.3

cally. Assuming complete combustion of meth- =

ane, the molar percentage of N2 in the prod-

100 103 2335.3

ucts is ____. = 14.872 gm per kg of dry air

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION | 13

2Ml 2

mass M is hinged at point O, located at a =

9

L Balancing torque about 0,

distance of from one of its ends. The bar

3

is further supported using springs, each of 2L 2L L L

I K K

stiffness k, located at the two ends. A par- 3 3 3 3

ER

M 2Ml 2 d 2 5K

ticle of mass m = is fixed at one end of 2n

4 9 dt 2M

the bar, as shown in the figure. For small

rotations of the bar about O, the natural 5K

n =

frequencyof the system is 2M

ST

L/3 lengths of the crank and connecting rod are

O m

3m and 4m, respectively. At the instant when

the connecting rod is perpendicular to the

k k

crank, if the velocity of the slider is 1 m/s,

the magnitude of angular velocity (upto 3

decimal points accuracy) of the crank is ___

radian/s.

A

5K 5K

(a) (b) Sol. (0.266)

M 2M

Connecting rod

M

Crank 3m

3K 3K 4m

(c) (d)

2M M

3°

1 m/s

=37°

Sol. (b)

L

4

Vconnecting rod = 1cos ms

S

L/3 5

m = M/4

O Vconnecting rod = crank r

IE

4

= crank 3

5

4

crank = 0.266 rad s

15

Mass moment of inertia about 0,

Alternate :

2 2

Ml 2 l l 2l I24

I M m I14

12 2 3 3 I2 A

3m

Ml 2 Ml 2 4ml 2 (2) (4)

= (3)

12 36 9 O

Ml 2 4Ml 2 I12 (1) I34

=

9 49

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14 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

n

2 I24 I12 = VA VB 1 Vd1

K

5

d

= 2

2 I24 I12 = 1 d1 Vd 2

n

K

1 1

2 = I I OB tan

24 12

[ f KR e n ]

ER

1 4

d 52 d1n

= 5 3 15 =0.266 rad/s = d5 d n

1 2

4

5 n

42. Consider steady flow of an incompressible fluid d2

=

through two long and straight pipes of diam- d1

eters d1 and d2 arranged in series. Both pipes

ST

are of equal length and the flow is turbulent 43. One kg of an ideal gas (gas constant, R =

in both pipes. The friction factor for turbu- 400 J/kg.K: specific heat at constant volume,

lent flow though pipes is of the form, cv = 1000 J/kg.K) at 1 bar, and 300 K is

n contained in a sealed rigid cylinder. During

f K Re , where K and are known

an adiabatic process, 100 kJ of work is done

positive constants and Re is the Reynolds on the system by a stirrer. The increase in

A

number. Neglecting minor losses, the ratio entropy of the system is ____J/K.

of the frictional pressure drop in pipe 1 to

Sol. (287.68)

P1

that in pipe 2 P , is given by Given

M

2 m = 1 Kg

5n 5 R = 400 J Kg K

d2 d2

(a) d (b) CV = 1000 J KgK

1 d1

T1 = 300 K

3n 5n W = 100 KJ

S

d2 d2

(c) d (d) Rigid cylinder, adiabatic process

1 d1

Applying first law of thermodynamics

dQ = dU dW

IE

Sol. (a)

[ dQ = 0 adiabatic and

P1 gh f1 h f1

= dU = MCVdT for constant volume]

P2 gh f 2 h f 2

mC V dT = dW

f1lV12

2gd1 100 103

= dT =

f 2lV22 1 1000

2gd 2

dT = 100

f1Q2

T2 = T1 dT 400 K

d15

= For ideal gas

f 2 Q2

d 52

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION | 15

Sol. (12)

T2 V2

S2 S1 = mC V l n T R ln V Approach = over travel

1 1

= d D d

[ V2 = V1 rigid cylinder]

400 = 2 34 2

S2 S1 = m 1000 ln 0

300 = 8 mm

ER

S system = S2 S1 287.68 J K Estimated machine time per pass

44. A sprue in a sand mould has a top diameter =

table feed

of 20 mm and height of 200 mm. The veloc-

ity of the molten metal at entry of the sprue 200 8 8

is 0.5 m/s. Assume acceleration due to grav- = minute

18

ity as 9.8 m/s2 and neglect all losses. If the

ST

mould is well ventilated the velocity (upto 3 = 12 minute

decimal points accuracy) of the molten metal 46. A point mass of 100 kg is dropped onto a

at the bottom of the sprue is ____m/s. massless elastic bar (cross-sectional area =

100 mm2, length = 1m, Young’s modulus =

Sol. (2.042) 100 GPa) from a height H of 10 mm as shown

20 mm (figure is not to scale). If g = 10 m/s2, the

(1)

A

maximum compression of the elastic bar is

___mm.

Sprue 200 mm

m=100 kg

M

H=10mm

Datum (2)

Applying bernaulli’s equation between (1) and

g

(2).

V1 = 0.5 m/s

h1 = 200 mm L=1 m

S

h2 = 0

P1= P2 = Patm.

P1 V12 P V2

IE

h1 = 2 2 h 2

g 2g g 2g

V2 = 2.042 m/s Sol. (1.517 mm)

slab milling cutter 34 mm in diameter. The

H=10mm

depth of cut and table feed are set at 2mm

and 18mm/minute, respectively. Considering

the approach and the over travel of the cut- g

ter to be same, the minimum estimated

machining time per pass in___minutes. L=1m

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16 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

1

mg h x = K bar x 2 5m and 6m, respectively, are oriented as

2

shown. Both surfaces extend infinitely into

[By energy conserved] the third dimension. Given that view factor

EA F12 = 0.5, T1 = 800K. T2 = 600K, Tsurrounding

Kbar = = 300K and Stefan Boltzmann constant,

L

5.64 10 8 W/ m 2K 4 , the heat transfer

100 109 100 10 6 rate from Surface 2 to the surrounding envi-

N m

ER

=

1 ronment is ___kW.

= 107 N m

Solving quadratic, A

x = 1.317 mm

Surface 2

47. Following data refers to the jobs (P, Q, R, S)

Job

P

ST

which have arrived at a machine for sched-

uling. The shortest possible average flow time

is ___ days.

Processing Time

(days)

15

B

Surface 1

Surrounding

A

Q 9 Sol. (14.696)

R 22

A

S 12

M

Surf. 2

Sol. (31) Surrounding (3)

5 m, 600 K

According to shortest possible time sequencing

the job sequence will be

800 K, 6 m

B C

QSPR

Surf. 1

S

BC = 6 m

Q 9 9

F12 = 0.5

S 12 21

A1F12 = A 2F21 [Reciprocity relation]

IE

P 15 36

R 22 58 2 6 0.5 = L 5 F21

F21 = 0.6

Total job flow time = 124

F21 F22 F23 = 1

Total job flow time

Average job flow time = 0.6 0 F23 = 1

no of jobs

F23 = 0.4

124 Heat tr ansfer rate fr om su rface to

=

4 surrounding

= 31 days

q 12 = F23A 2 T24 Tsurr

4

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION | 17

= 0.4 5.67 10 8 5 1 6004 300 4 W

and outer gears to be 50, 25, and 100,

=13.778 KW respectively. The ratio of magnitudes of

angular velocity of the planet gear to the

49. Heat is generated uniformly in a long solid

angular velocity of the carrier arm is ___.

cylindrical rod (diameter = 10mm) at the rate

of 4 × 107 W/m3. the thermal conductivity of Outer ring gear

the rod material is 25 W/mK. Under steady Planet gear

ER

state conditions, the temperature difference Sun gear

between the centre and the surface of the rod

is ___°C.

Sol. (10)

Given Carrier arm

Cylindrical rod dia = 10 mm

ST

Rate of heat generation q g = 4 107 W m 3

Temperature distribution in a cylindrical rod Planet gear (25T)

with uniform heat generation under steady

state is given by Outer ring

A

gear (100T)

q g R 2 r 2

T0 T = 1 100 rpm

4K R Sun gear (50T) Carrier arm

M

T Wihtout orpm 50 50 25 x

x x 2x x

arm 25 25 100 2

R x

T0 With arm y rpm x y 100 2x y y 0

2

x + y = 100 ...(1)

S

Hence,

x

for T T0 Tcentre means r 0 y =0 ...(2)

2

IE

So, T0 – T = 3x

4k = 100

2

200

x=

4 107 0.005 2 3

T0 Twall = 100

4 25 y=

3

Tcentre Twall = 10

p , (Angular vel. of plant gear) = –2x + y

= = –100

figure, the outer ring gear is fixed, while the 3 3

sun gear rotates counterclockwise at 100 rpm.

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18 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

p 1200 T2

0.9 =

= 100 3 1200 621.54

arm 100

3 T2 = 679.38 K

air, specific heat of constant pressure, cp = 1 0 1

2 2

1040 J/kg.K and ratio of specific heats, 52. Consider the matrix P 0 1 0

ER

1.4 is 10. If the inelt temperature to the 1 0 1

2 2

turbine is 1200 K and the isentropic effi-

ciency is 09, the gas temperature at turbine Which one of the following statements about

exit is ___K. P is INCORRECT?

(a) Determinant of P is equal to 1.

Sol. (679.38)

(b) P is orthogonal

T

P1

P2

ST 2

2´

Sol. (d)

(c)

(d)

Inverse of P is equal to its transpose.

All eigenvalues of P are real numbers

1 1

0

A

S 2 2

0 1 0

P=

Given,

1 0 1

M

P1 2 2

P2 = 10 (i) P =1

CP = 1040 J/kg

1 1

Y = 1.4 0

2 2

T1 = 1200 K

(ii) PT = 0 1 0

S

isentropic = 0.9

1 1

0

for process 1 - 2 2 2

1

IE

T2 P 1 1 1 1

0 0

= 2

T1 P1 2 2 2 2

P.PT = 0 1 0 0 1 0

1

0.4/1.4 1 0 1 1 0 1

T2 = 1200 2 2 2 2

10

T2 = 621.54 K 1 0 0

Now, we know

0 1 0 I

=

0 0 1

T1 T2

isentropic =

T1 T2 Hence P is orthogonal as P.PT = I

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION | 19

1 1

0 log 0.8u log S log 0.8 u log en

2 2

34 36

(iii) P–1 = 0 1 0 PT

1

0

1 log 0.8 u log n

log S log 0.8 u

2 2 3

ER

S = 386.34

Hence (iv) is wrong.

54. Assume that the surface roughness profile is

53. A machine element has an ultimate strength

triangular as shown schematically in the

u of 600 N/mm2, and endurnace limit figure. If the peak to valley height is 20 m,

en of 250 N/mm2. The fatigue curve for the central line average surface roughness

Ra (in m) is

ST

the element on a log-log plot is shown below.

If the element is to be designed for a finite

life of 10000 cycles, the maximum amplitude

of a completely reversed operating stress is

___ N/mm2.

(a) 5 (b) 6.67

0.8 u

A (c) 10 (d) 20

A

Failure stress

B

Sol. (a)

en

Average surface roughness, Ra = Z1 + Z2 ___

M

Zn

+

n

10

3

10

6 h

=

No. of cycles 4

S

=

4

A

0.8 u = 5 mm

S B

IE

chined on a vertical CNC milling machine,

en C

CNC part program using metric units with

absolute dimensins is listed below:

3 4 6

10 10 10 N70 G02 X 50 Y 35 R 20

Coordinates of points are : N80 G01 Z 5

A A log 0.8u ,3 The coordinates of the centre of the circular

arc are:

B log S,4

(a) (30, 55) (b) (50, 55)

C log en , 6 (c) (50, 35) (d) (30, 35)

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20 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

Sol. (d) While rotating Q the whole cone will also rotate

in a circle of radius which will be equal to its

and slant height.

55 So rotating Q it will cover 2R distance in

horizontal circle.

2R

35 So angle made will be 2 radians

(30, 35) 2l

ER

5

= 2

13

30 50

Two possible centre are (30, 35) For R +ve 10

Q=

(50, 55) for R –ve. 13

GENERAL APTITUDE

2. As the two speakers became increasingly

1.

ST

A right-angled cone (with base radius 5 cm

and height 12 cm), as shown in the figure

below, is rolled on the ground keeping the

point P fixed until the point Q (at the base

of the cone, as shown) touches the ground

again

Sol. (d)

agitated, the debate became_____.

(a) lukewarm

(c) forgiving

(b) poetic

(d) heated

A

is not suitable here.

360 deg.

? 3. In a company with 100 employees, 45 earn

5cm

M

r=

h =1

2cm is

Q P Ground (a) Rs. 20,000 (b) Rs. 30,000

(c) Rs. 32,300 (d) Rs. 40,000

By what angle (in radians) about P does the

S

5 5 Medium is the middle term of the data

(a) (b) arranged in increasing under if no of terms

12 24

IE

(c) (d) average of two middle terms.

5 13

So for above question, arranging data

Sol. (d)

30000 30000

360 deg Median = 30000

2

_____.

h=

11 2 (a) friend, keenly (b) friends, keen

cm

(c) friend, keener (d) friends, keenly

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GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION | 21

Sol. (d) If it is 8

5. P, Q, and R talk about S’ 5 car collection P Sum of digits = 8 + 0 + 0 + 0 +0 = 8

states that S has at least 3 cars. Q believes If it is 9

that S has been than 3 cars R indicates that Sum of digits = 9 + 0 + 1 + 0 + 0 = 10

to his knowledge, S has at least one car.

Only one of P, Q and R is right. The number 7. “Here, throughout the early 1820s, Stuart

of cars owned by S is contained to fight his losing battle to allow

ER

his sepoys to wear their caste-marks and their

(a) 0

own choice of facial hair on parade, being

(b) 1 again repromanded by the commander-in-

(c) 3 chied. His retort that ‘A stronger instance

than this of European prejudice with relation

(d) Cannot be determined

to this country has never come under my

observations’ had no effect on his superiors.”

Sol. (a)

ST

S According to this paragraph, which of the

statements below is most accurte?

Q P (a) Stuart’s commander-in-chief was moved

by this demonstration of his prejudice

(b) The Europeans were accommodaing of

0 1 2 3 the sepoys’ desire to wear their caste-

A

As per given condition no of car according to marks.

P3 (c) Stuart’s losing battle refers to his in-

Q<3 ability to succeed in enabling sepoys to

M

R1 wear cast-marks.

and only one is correct. (d) The commander-in-chief was exempt

So only Q cars is satisfying the given condition. from the European prejudice that

dicatated how the sepoys were to dress

6. What is the sum of the missing digits in the

subtraction problem below?

Sol. (c)

S

5

8. Let S1 be the plane figure consisting of the

48 _ 89 points (x, y) given by the inequalities |x –

1 111 1| 2 and |y + 2| 3 . Let S2 be the plane

IE

(b) 10 x y 2, y 1, and x 3. Let S be the

(c) 11 union of S1 and S2. The area of S is

(d) Cannot be determined (a) 26 (b) 28

(c) 32 (d) 34

Sol. (d)

5_ _ _ _ _

48 _ 89

01111

in lower number an be either 8 or 9.

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22 | GATE—2017 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SESSION–1 QUESTION AND DETAILS SOLUTION

James

x –y = –2

6 (b) Steve was known to play better than

5 (3,5) Mark

4 (c) James and Steve were good friends

3 (d) James played better than Steve

S2

2 Sol. (b)

1 y=1

The statement by James, “May be not, but at

ER

–4 –3 –2 1 2 3 4 5 6 least I am the best player in my own family”

–1 suggests that mark is not best play in is family

–2 so stene is known to play better than mark.

x=3

x = –1

–3 10. The growth of bacteria (lactobacillus) in milk

–4 leads to curd formation A minimum bacte-

y=–5

–5 rial population density of 0.8 (in suitable units)

x 1

x 1 2

–6

ST

x 1 2

x 1

x 1 2

is needed to form curd. In the graph below,

the population density of lactobacillus in 1

litre of milk is plotted as a function of time

at two different temperatures, 25°C and 37°C

Population density

1.0

0.9

0.8

37°C

25°C

x 1 x 3

A

0.7

0.6

y2 3 0.5

y 2 y 2 0.4

0.3

M

y2 3 y 2 3 0.2

0.1

y 1 y 5 0.0

0 20 40 60 80 100 120140160 180 200

Intersection point of x –y = –2 and x = 3 Time (min)

the data shown above

y=3 + 2 = 5

S

Point is (3, 5)

earlier at 37°C as compared to 25°C

Area of S= Area of S1 Area of S2 ii. The time taken for curd formation at

IE

= 6 4

44 Which one of the following options is correct?

2

= 24 + 8 = 32 (a) Only i (b) Only ii

9. Two very famous sportsmen Mark and Steve (c) Both i and ii (d) Neither i nor ii

happened to be brothers, and played for coun- Sol. (a)

try K. Mark teased James, an opponent from (i) the growth in bacterial population stops

country E, “There is no way you are good almost 140s in 37°C as compared to 180s

enought to play for your country.” James in 25°C.

replied, “Maybe not, but at least I am the (ii) time taken for curd formation at 25°C is

best player in my own family.” approximately 90s while it is 130s in 37°C

Which one of the following can be inferred which is not double.

from this conversation?

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