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Penghubung dan Conjunction Sebab Akibat Bahasa Inggris

Conjunction Sebab Akibat dalam bahasa Inggris adalah sah satu pelajaran yang sangat perlu
untuk dikuasai. Kata penghubung dalam pembelajaran grammar and structure, bisa diwakili
oleh conjunction,transition, ataupun preposition. Tentu ke 3 model parts of speech tersebut
memiiki aturan dan tata cara penggunaan yang berbeda meski memunyai makna yang sama.
3 model kata pengubung 2 kalimat atua phrase yang menghasilakan hubungan sebab-akibat
itu disebut Linkin Words, ingat ya bukan Linking Verb. Berikut adalah penjelasa 3 macam
linkn word sy ang menghasilakn kalimat gabung sebab-akibat “cause and Effect”

1. Conjunction for Cause and Effect

Bahasan pertama yang sering diguanaka ketika ingin menulis kalimat sebab akita “cause -
effect sentence” adalah Conjunction. Ada yang belom tahu apa pengertian “Conjunction”
dalam bahasa Inggris itu?
Conjunction adalah kata yang yang digunakan untuk menghubungkan 2 kata, frase atau
kalimat menjadi 1 gabungan kalimat dengan pemaknahan tertentu. Ada banyak jenis
conjunction yang perlu diketahui ketika belajar grammar dan structure. Namun kali ini kita
hanya melihat connjuction yang dipakai untuk menghubungkan 2 kalimat yang menghasilakn
arti sebab akibat (cause and effect relationship)
Conjunction for cause and effect yang paling sering dipakai adalah: because, so, as,dan since
Because artinya sebab sedangkan so mempunayi padanan arti dengan maka. Contoh
penggunaanya dalam kalimat adalahs ebagai berikut:
 I don’t go to school because I am sick
 I am sleepy, so I don’t go to school
 He can not drive as he does not have license
 Since he was sick, the teacher allowed her to stay at home

Secara umum ke 4 conjunction for cause and effect diatas mempunyai arti yang sama. Meski
begitu dalam pembelajaran grammar tingakt lanjut, ada sedikit perbedaan dalam

Because digunakan karena merujuk pada alasan yang sangat penting dan belom diketahui ole
yang lain
As digunakan jika alasan yang disampaikan sudah diketahui
Since digunakan sama seperti AS namun lebih formal

2. Transition for Cause and Effect Relationship

Transition adalah kata penghubung antara induk aklimat dan anak kalimat. Transition
mempunyai letak yang lebih fleksibel dari pada conjunction
Transition for cause and effect realtionship yang sering digunakan
adalah; therefore, consequently, and as a result. Ketiga transition itu mempunayi arti yang
hampir sama yaitu ” akibatanya” makanya letak dari kata transitio tersebut ada apada awal
kalimat yang menjadi akibat. Contoh penggunaanya adalah sebagai berikut:
 It was raining; therefore, I bring an unbrella
 It was raining. Consequently, I come late
 Sarah was very busy; as a result, she left before the time
3. Preposition for Cause and Effect Relationship
Preposition biasanya kita artikan sebagai kata depan menyambungkan kalimat dan frase
sehingga mendapatakan arti sebab dan akibat antara kalimat dan frase tersebut. Preposition
yang mempunyai arti sebab dan akibat adalah due to dan because of. Contoh penggunaanya
adalah sebagai berikut:
 He was absence due to his illness
 The man was arrested by police because of his bad behaviour

Begitulah penjelasan dan contoh penggunaan kata penghubung antara 2 gagasan yang
mempunyai makna sebab dan akibat.

Expressing Cause and Effect, Contrast, and Condition with Connectives (Part One)

In previous lessons we’ve shown how to use adverb clauses and modifying adverbial phrases
to express cause and effect, contrast, and condition. The words that introduce adverb clauses
belong to a category of English words known as connectives that join one part of a sentence
to another. Other types of connectives can also be used to express some of the same ideas that
adverb clauses can. These other connectives are: prepositions, transitions, and conjunctions.
In this lesson, we’re going to discuss how these additional connectives can be used to
express cause and effect and purpose. In the next lesson, we’ll wrap up connectives by
looking at how they are used in expressions of contrast and condition.
Cause and Effect: “Because Of” and “Due To”
Adverb clauses introduced by because express cause and effect relationships:
Because it was raining, I wore a hooded sweatshirt.
Because of and due to are phrasal prepositions. They express the same cause-effect
as because. However, a preposition is followed by a noun object, not by a subject and a verb:
Because of the rain, I wore a hooded sweatshirt.
Due to the rain, I wore a hooded sweatshirt.
Occasionally, you will see due to followed by a noun clause introduced by the fact that. This
occurs primarily in older and very formal writing. Native English speakers rarely use it in
conversations or informal writing:
Due to the fact that it was raining, I wore hooded sweatshirt.
Like adverb clauses, phrasal prepositions can also follow the main clause. Note the lack of a
comma in these instances:
I wore a hooded sweatshirt because of the rain.
I wore a hooded sweatshirt due to the rain.
I wore hooded sweatshirt due to the fact that it was raining.
Cause and Effect: “Therefore, Consequently, and So”
Transitions connect ideas between two sentences. They are used commonly in formal writing
but rarely in spoken English. The transitions therefore and consequently mean “as a result.”
They occur in the second of two related sentences and can have a variety of positions within
the second sentence. Compare the following examples, which all have the same meaning:
Sam was late for work because she overslept.
Sam overslept. Therefore, she was late for work.
Sam overslept. She, therefore, was late for work.
Sam overslept. She was late for work, therefore.
So is a conjunction that has the same meaning as therefore. Because it is a
conjunction, so uses a comma, not a period, to connect two related independent clauses:
Sam overslept, so she was late for work.
Expressing Cause and Effect with “Such…That” and “So…That”
Such…that and so…that express cause and effect by enclosing other parts of
speech. Such…that encloses a modified noun (such + adjective + noun + that):
It was such a nice day that I ate my lunch outside.
It was such a good movie that I saw it a second time.
So…that encloses an adjective or adverb (so + adjective/adverb + that):
The drink was so cold that it made my teeth hurt.
James speaks so slowly that I lose interest in what he is saying.
You can use so…that with many, few, much, and more to help express quantity:
Sarah’s section of the report contained so many grammar errors that I had to completely
rewrite it.
Mike has so few days off that I rarely get to see him.
Julie makes so much money that she can go out for dinner whenever she wants.
Robert had so little trouble with the assignment that he finished it the day it was assigned.
Native English speakers often omit the that when speaking or writing informally:
I was so hungry (that) I ate an entire pizza for dinner.
Using “So That” to Express Purpose
So that (with no words in between) expresses purpose. It has the same meaning as “in order
I cleaned up the living room in order to enable my roommate to vacuum the floor.
I cleaned up the living room so (that) my roommate could vacuum the floor.
I cleaned up the living room for a purpose. The purpose was to make it possible for my
roommate to vacuum the floor without having to move things out of the way.
So that is often used instead of in order to when ability is being expressed. Pairing so
that with can/could is the same as saying “in order to be able to”:
I’m going to cash my paycheck so that I can buy groceries.
I cashed my paycheck so that I could buy groceries.
Combining so that with will, would, or a simple present tense verb is the same as saying “in
order to make sure that.” Will is used in expressing present tense. Would expresses past tense.
Using a simply present verb in place of will/would expresses future tense:
I’ll wear a hooded sweatshirt so that I won’t get my hair wet.
I wore a hooded sweatshirt so that I wouldn’t get my hair wet.
I’ll wear a hooded sweatshirt so that I don’t get my hair wet.

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