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SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

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SPECIAL MOMENT RESISTING FRAME

Structural Steel Special Moment Frame (SMF) are typically comprised of wide-flange beams, columns, and beam-column connections. Connections are proportioned and detailed to resist internal forces (flexural, axial, and shear) that result from imposed displacement as a result of wind or earthquake ground shaking. Inelasticity and energy dissipation are achieved through localized yielding of the beam element outside of the beam-column connection. Special proportioning and detailing of this connection is essential to achieving the desired inelastic behavior.

The anticipated seismic behavior of the SMF system is long-period, high-displacement motion, with well distributed inelastic demand shared by all participating beam-column connections. System yielding mechanism are generally limited to frame beams with the intent to invoke yielding at the base of frame columns. In many cases, engineers may model a SMF system with pin-based columns as significant stiffness is required to yield the base of large wide-flange members. If yielding at the base of the frame is desired to occur within the column section, the column might be extended below grade and tied into a basement wall or a ground-level beam, which is added to create a beam-column connection. Economic of construction usually limit the size of beam and column elements based on imposed displacement/drift limits.

Special Moment Frame resist seismic forces by means of the large inelastic deformations that occur in the ductile frame. Inelastic rotations may occur at plastic hinges in the beam-column joints and shear deformations may occur in the joint panel zone.

Special Moment Frames, as specified in SNI Section E3, may be utilized in all seismic design categories using a value of 3 for the overstrength factor and a value of 5,5 for the deflection amplification factor. As Specified in SNI 1726:2012 Table , no limitation is imposed on the building height in any seismic design category.

Special Moment Frame may be utilized in dual systems with braced frames or shear walls. The system limitations for the different types are specified in SNI 1726 Table.

The four_story steel office structures depicted in the figure has a lateral-force-resisting system comprising structural steel special moment frame. The typical floor framing plans is shown in Figure 1-1. A typical frame elevation is depicted in Figure 1-2. This design example utilizes simplifying assumptions for ease of calculation or computational efficiency.

This example explores the design of frame. Assumptions related to base-of-column rotational restraint (assumed fixed), applied forces (taken from the base example assumptions), and applied wind forces (not considered) are all incorporated into the example in "silent" consideration. Beam and column element sizes were determined using a linear elastic computer model of the building. These element sizes were determined through iteration such that code-required drift limit, element characteristics, and strength requirements were met.

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

1. Building Geometry and Loads

1.1. Given Information

Building Data:

* UNITS : kN, m and mm

* Office occupancy on all floors, SDL= 1.5 kN/m 2 , LL=2.5 kN/m 2 , LLr=1 kN/m 2 * Located in PADANG * Site Class E * 24 m x 24 m in plan with typical floor framing in Figure 1-1 * Four-Stories as shown in Figure 1-2

1. Building Geometry and Loads 1.1. Given Information Building Data: * UNITS : kN, m and

Figure 1-1. Typical floor framing plan

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

Figure 1-2 a. Frame elevation - line 1, typical perimeter SM Framing Figure 1-2 b. Frame

Figure 1-2 a. Frame elevation - line 1, typical perimeter SM Framing

Figure 1-2 a. Frame elevation - line 1, typical perimeter SM Framing Figure 1-2 b. Frame

Figure 1-2 b. Frame elevation - line 2, typical interior frame

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

Structural Material

Structural Material
Structural Material

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

1.2. Floor Weights, Story Mass

1.2. Floor Weights, Story Mass
1.2. Floor Weights, Story Mass

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

2. Calculation of the Design Base Shear and Seismic Load

2.1. Classify The Structural System and Determine Spectral Accelerations

(

R

,

I

e

)

 

n story

=

4

=

=

n

4

i

n

3.8

=

z 2

7.4

=

z 3

11

=

z 4

=

z total

 

g =

10

m/s2

E c

=

4700

f c
f c

=

MPa

2.35

10

4

γ c

 

=

24

kN/m3

 

Floor 2

 
 

kN.s2/m

 

m 2 = 291.3812

 

kN.s2/m

 
 

Floor 4

 

kN.s2/m

 

m 4 = 261.5727

 

kN.s2/m

 

W t

=

kN

= 11357.163

n story

m

g

)

(

i

 

m t

 

=

= 1135.7163

i

n story

m

 

=

i

1

i

=

1

 

I e

=

1.

S

= 1.345

s

 

= 0.599

S 1

F a

=

0.9

 

F v =

2.4

S

MS

=

F

a

S

= 1.21

S

s

M1

=

F

v

S

1

= 1.438

 
 

2

2

 

S

DS

=

S

3

= 0.807

MS

D1

S

=

3

S

M1

= 0.958

 
 

S D1

 

T s

=

DS

S

T s = 1.188

T 0

=

0.2

T s

 

S 1

=

max 0.044 S

DS

,0.01 0.5

R

e

I

,

if

S

1

0.6

 
 

I e

 
 

max 0.044 S

DS

(

,0.01 ) otherwise

e

I

z total

=

14.6

z 1

f c

=

25

MPa

m 1 = 291.3812

Floor 3

 

m 3 = 291.3812

Floor 1

  • 2.2. Design Spectral Accelarations

Padang, Site Class E:

Office

Check SNI 1726

  • 2.3. Design Response Spectrum

a. 1st MODE, Y Direction

Static Base Shear

C smin

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

C i n story .. m i ( z ) i k C = = 1
C i
n story
..
m
i
(
z
)
i
k
C
=
=
1
n
m
story
i
( ) k
z
i
FL i
i
T 2.5
s
W
t
V s = 1145.65382
kN
Static Lateral Forces
Vertical Distribution
k
=
1
T 0.5
if
2
V s
if
0.5 T +
0.75
otherwise
k = 1.183
FL i
=
C
i
V s
i
=
m
454.215
226.491
roof
kN
n story
=
1
i
361.984
i
( ) k
z
i
102.964
FL i =
361.984
454.215
226.491
FL =
i
i
=
1
102.964
0
1st Floor
FL i
=
m
C
( ) k
z
i
V
(
s
)
=
e
I
T
I e
Period of Structure
SNI 1726 Tabel 15
= 0.0724
C t
x =
0.8
C u
1.4
T a
=
C
t
z
total
x
T a = 0.618
second
T
1
= 1.3185
Y direction
max
S DS
S D1
C s
T,R
(
e
I
,
)
=
T
C smin
R
(
,
I
e
)
, min
R
,
R
I e = 1
)
if
T
1
u T a
C
T = 0.8657 second
Steel Moment Resisting Frame:
R
=
8
Tabel 9 SNI 1726
a
C s
=
C
s
T,R
(
e
I
)
,
= 0.1009
V s
=
T
=
return
if
T
a
T
1
T
a
return
if
T
1
a
<
T
1
<
u T a
C
return
(
T
C
u

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

b. 2nd MODE 2, X direction Static Base Shear S 1 ( R , I )
b. 2nd MODE 2, X direction
Static Base Shear
S 1
(
R
,
I
)
=
max 0.044 S
I
,0.01 0.5
,
if
S
0.6
C smin
e
DS
e
1
R
I e
max 0.044 S
(
I
,0.01 ) otherwise
DS
e
S
S DS
D1
(
)
C
T,R
,
I
=
max
(
R
,
I
)
, min
,
s
e
C smin
e
R
R
T
I
I
e
e
Period of Structure
SNI 1726:12 Tabel 15
x
= 0.0724
x =
0.8
=
1.4
=
C
z
T a = 0.618
second
C t
C u
T a
t
total
T
= 1.3075
arah X
T
=
return
T
if
T
T
1
a
1
a
return
T
if
T
<
T
<
C
1
a
1
u T a
return
(
C
T
)
if
T
C
u
a
1
u T a
T = 0.8657 second
Steel Moment Resisting Frame:
R
=
8
Tabel 9 SNI 1726
I e = 1
=
C
(
T,R
,
I
)
= 0.1009
C s
s
e
V
=
C
W
V s = 1145.65382
kN
s
s
t
Lateral Static Load
Vertical Distribution
k
=
1
if
T 0.5
2
if
T 2.5
0.5 T + 0.75
otherwise
k = 1.183
FL i
=
C
i
V s
i
=
1
..
n story
k
m
(
z
)
i
i
=
FL i
=
C
C i
i
V s
n
story
m
( ) k
z
i
i
i
=
1

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

0 m ( ) k z 1st Floor i i FL i = 102.964 FL i
0
m
( ) k
z
1st Floor
i
i
FL i =
102.964
FL i
=
(
V
)
s
kN
n story
FL =
226.491
102.964
m
( ) k
z
i
i
361.984
226.491
roof
i
=
1
361.984
454.215
454.215
NOTES FOR LATERAL FORCE PROCEDURE
1.
Simplified Alternative Structural Design Criteria, NOT PERMITTED, because of
Building over 3 stories.
2.
Equivalent Lateral Force Analysis, PERMITTED
3.
Modal Response Spectrum Analysis, PERMITTED.
4.
Seismic Response History Procedures, PERMITTED
USE EQUIVALENT LATERAL FORCE ANALYSIS
2.4. Loading Combinations
ρ
=
1
Load Combinations of consequence for the design of the SMF are
(1.2+0.2 S DS ).DL+0.5 LL+1 Q E
(0.9-0.2 S DS ) DL + 1 Q E
S DS = 0.807

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

prepared by DJONI SIMANTA

3. SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

3.1. Deflection Limits

STORY DRIFTS

STORY

DIRECTION

LOAD

MAX DRIFT

STORY4

X

EX

1/201

STORY3

X

EX

1/185

STORY2

X

EX

1/185

STORY1

X

EX

1/328

STORY4

Y

EY

1/202

STORY3

Y

EY

1/185

STORY2

Y

EY

1/183

STORY1

Y

EY

1/319

The limit on interstory drift

Δ/(C D. ρh s) = 0.025/5.5=1/220

STORY MAXIMUM AND AVERAGE LATERAL DISPLACEMENTS

STORY

LOAD

DIR

MAXIMUM

AVERAGE

RATIO

STORY4

EX

X

68.4457

68.4431

1.000

STORY3

EX

X

50.4990

50.4972

1.000

STORY2

EX

X

31.0376

31.0366

1.000

STORY1

EX

X

11.5899

11.5895

1.000

STORY4

EY

Y

68.8329

68.8329

1.000

STORY3

EY

Y

51.0110

51.0110

1.000

STORY2

EY

Y

31.5480

31.5480

1.000

STORY1

EY

Y

11.8939

11.8939

1.000

NO TORSIONAL IRREGULARITY; RATIO < 1.2

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

Prepared by Djoni Simanta

3.2. Design Typical Beam

E w t 3 M p := x F y kN := 1000 N b f
E
w
t
3
M p
:=
x F y
kN := 1000 N
b f
= 6.25
harus <
0.30
= 8.485
F y
ϕ b := 0.9
ϕ v := 1
2
t f
h
= 42.8
harus <
2.45
= 69.296
Compact Section
t w
E
F y
t
f
3
+
(
d
t
f
)
t w
3
L
Z
:=
y
4
f
t
f
+
4
V
Shear Forces
C
v := 1
V n :=
0.6 F
y
C
t w
d
v
ϕ v
= 750 kN
n
V u := 171.445 kN
V
u
ratio_g :=
(
V
ϕ
n
v
)
= 0.229
n
p
:=
1.76
E
F
y
r y
= 2.126m
>
L b := 2 m
Bending Moment
M
f
:=
M p
ϕ b
M
n
= 471.681 kN m
M u :=
385.428 kN m
M u
ratio :=
= 0.817
ϕ b M n
r := 20 mm
t w := 10 mm
I x :=
47800 cm
4
I y
:=
2140 cm
A
:=
114.2 cm
2
t f := 16 mm
S x :=
1910 cm
3
S y
:=
214 cm
3
h
:=
d
2 t
4
E
:=
2 10
5
MPa
G :=
E
G
=
7.692
MPa
10
2.6
F y := 250 MPa
F r :=
0.3 F
y
L := 6 m
L b := 2 m
Section WF 500x200
d
:= 500 mm
b f
:= 200 mm
2
) 2
C w
:=
y
I
(
d
4
t
f
)
f
r y := 42.7 mm
Z
2
b
2
1
(
d
2 t
f
)
2
J :=
2 b
t
− 2 r
f
Z
:=
x
b
f
f
t
d
(
Material:
f
)
+
4
1
t
w
d
(
2 t

Check Local Buckling

4

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

Prepared by Djoni Simanta

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME Prepared by Djoni Simanta

SPECIAL MOMENT FRAME

Prepared by Djoni Simanta

3.3. Design Typical Column

2 = 41 h = 0.103 r P := C a t f harus < ϕ
2
= 41
h
= 0.103
r
P
:=
C a
t f
harus <
ϕ c := 0.9
ϕ v := 1
ϕ b := 0.9
0.30
E
F y
= 8.485
harus <
L
:=
a
E
F y
t w
ϕ c P y
= 7.5
)
0.93 C
1
(
2.45
+
t
w
f
4
3
f
t
f
4
y
y
b f
kN
3
10
4.813
=
p
A F
:=
P y
x F y
:=
M p
v := 1
v
d
C
y
0.6 F
V n :=
t w
C
Shear Forces
ϕ b M n
ϕP c
2
(
= 0.219
)
v
n
u
V
V
ϕ
ϕP c
ratio_g :=
n
= 1058.4 kN
V
ϕ v
= 3.41 m
M
Axial and Bending ratio
F
y Z x
M n :=
L b := 3.6 m − d = 3.012m
>
n
F
y
E
r y
1.76
P r
ratio = 0.53
+
ratio :=
< 0.2
= 0.117
ϕP c := 3815.642 kN
M u
P r
:=
= 969.505 kN m
n
M
ϕ b
M p
:=
:=
3
4020 cm
S x :=
r := 28 mm
2
192.5 cm
S y
A
9020 cm
:=
I y
4
b
x
:=
Z
− 2 r
f
2 t
118000 cm
d
:=
h
3
601 cm
:=
MPa
MPa
7.692
=
G
E
G :=
5
10
2 10
:=
E
Material:
V u := 232.015 kN
M u := 457.056 kN m
L := 3.6 m
I x :=
t w := 12 mm
t f := 20 mm
:= 300 mm
b f
:= 588 mm
d
Section WF 600x300
f
y
0.3 F
F r :=
F y := 250 MPa
2.6
4
2
2 b
J :=
2
)
2 t
(
d
1
f
b
2
Z
r y := 68.5 mm
2
)
f
Z
3
t w
)
t
f
d
t
(
+
3
f
t
t
t
w
1
4
+
)
f
d
(
t
f
C w
4
d
(
I
y
:=
P r := 448.02 kN
f
) 2
2 t
d
(

Check Local Buckling

4

= 62.63 Compact Sect