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‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﺓ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﺔ ‪APA‬‬

‫)ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ(‬

‫ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ‪1.0‬‬

‫ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺵ‪:‬‬
‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬
‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ ژﻭﺭﻧﺎﻝ ﺍﻃﻼﻓﺮﻳﻨﻲ ‪Infopreneurship Journal‬‬
‫‪http://infopreneurship.net/khosrowjerdi‬‬
‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬

‫ﭘﺴﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻲ‪mkhosro@gmail.com :‬‬


‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬

‫‪1392‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ "ﻛﺮﻳﺘﻴﻮ ﻛﺎﻣﺎﻧﺰ" ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩء ﻏﻴﺮﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﻴﻮﻩ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺛﺮ‪:‬‬
‫ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ‪ .(1392) .‬ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪) APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ(‪ .‬ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻲ ﺩﺭ‬
‫‪) http://journal.bpj.ir/ViewContent.aspx?PageID=18‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫�‬
‫‪F0‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ "‪"APA‬‬

‫ﺷﻴﻮﻫﻨﺎﻣﻪ "ﺍ‪‬ﻱ ﭘﻲ ﺍ‪‬ﻱ "� ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1929‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻨﺪ ﻫﻔﺖ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬
‫‪F1‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻲ ﻣﻠﻲ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺷﻨﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ‬

‫‪ 55‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺮ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1952‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺰﻭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺘﻤﻢ )ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ(‬

‫ﺭﻭﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺧﺘﻲ�ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎﻱ ‪ 1957‬ﻭ ‪ 1967‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﺑﺎﺯﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺛﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﮔﻴﻬﺎﻱ‬‫‪F2‬‬

‫ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺵ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺸﻬﺎﻱ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎﻱ ‪ ،1994 ،1983 ،1974‬ﻭ ‪ 2001‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ "ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ "� ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﻻﻱ ‪ 2009‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ‪،‬‬
‫‪F3‬‬

‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ‪ 4‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎپ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﻜﺎﻻﺗﻲ )ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺧﻄﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﻳﭙﻲ ﻭ ﺳﺠﺎﻭﻧﺪﻱ(‬

‫‪ 1000‬ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎپ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 36‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺍﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺁﻣﺎﺯﻭﻥ )ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺏ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬

‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ( ﺍﺫﻋﺎﻥ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 80‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬

‫ﺭﻭﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ )ﻧﺎﺷﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ( ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎﻥ ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺎپ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ‬

‫ﺷﺸﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ‪ ،‬ﭼﺎپ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﺎپ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﺤﺎ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﭼﺎپ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻫﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩﺩﻫﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ "ﺍ‪‬ﻱ ﭘﻲ ﺍ‪‬ﻱ " ﺩﺳﺘﻨﺎﻣﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻫﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺓ ﻭﺳﻴﻌﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻼﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﻥ ﺩﺭﺳﻲ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬

‫� ﺑﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APA_style‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫)‪American Psychological Association (APA‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫‪Psychological Bulletin‬‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫)‪Publication Manual of American Psychological Association (APA‬‬
‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ "ﺍ‪‬ﻱ ﭘﻲ ﺍ‪‬ﻱ" ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬

‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﻭ‬

‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺍﻛﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﻭ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﮕﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬

‫"ﺍ‪‬ﻱ ﭘﻲ ﺍ‪‬ﻱ " ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﻣﻮﺟﺰ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬

‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﻣﺪﺧﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﮕﻮ‪ ،‬ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻛﻠﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺧﻞ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺧﻞ ﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻱ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ "ﺍ‪‬ﻱ ﭘﻲ ﺍ‪‬ﻱ" ]ﭼﺎپ‬

‫ﺩﻭﻡ[ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻧﺪﻛﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﻮﻫﻨﺎﻣﻪ "ﺍ‪‬ﻱ ﭘﻲ ﺍ‪‬ﻱ " ﻋﺪﻭﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺟﺎﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺘﻦ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬

‫ﻟﻄﻤﻪ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﻋﻼﻣﺖ ﺳﺠﺎﻭﻧﺪﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺣﺸﻮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻱ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬

‫ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ﺻﺎﺩﻕ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬

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‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺸﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻲ ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﻧﺐ‬

‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬

‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬
‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ‪Infopreneurship Journal‬‬
‫‪http://infopreneurship.net/‬‬
‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬

‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬


‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬
‫ﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‬

‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ "ﺍ‪‬ﻱ ﭘﻲ ﺍ‪‬ﻱ"‪ .........................................................................................................................................................‬ﺏ‬

‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ‪ .............................................................................................................................................................................‬ﺝ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ‪1 ...............................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ‪2 ...................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺪﻩ‪3 .........................................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺎپ ﻣﺠﺪﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪4 .................................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ )ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‪/‬ﻓﺼﻠﻬﺎﻱ( ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺪﻩ )ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ( ‪5 ................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﻳﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ‪6 .............................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ )ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ( ‪7 ...............................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ‪8 ..............................................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰﻭﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻭﺷﻮﺭ ‪10 ...............................................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪11 ..........................................................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ‪12 ................................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ )ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ( ‪13 ........................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﭼﺎپ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ‪14 ................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭼﺎپ ‪15 .................................................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﻪ )ﻣﺎﻫﻨﺎﻫﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ( ‪16 .......................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪17 ....................................................................................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ )ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﻠﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ( ‪18 ..........................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ )ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﻠﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ( ‪19 ................................................................................................‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺑﻼﮔﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺏ ﺳﺎﻳﺘﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻲ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ )ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ( ‪20 .....................................................‬‬
‫‪1‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﺩﻻﻭﺭ‪ (25 ،1392 ،‬ﻳﺎ )ﺩﻻﻭﺭ‪ (30-28 ،1392 ،‬ﻳﺎ )ﺩﻻﻭﺭ‪(75 ،25 ،1392 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺩﻻﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻲ‪ .(1392) .‬ﻣﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻱ‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪(Chessick, 2007‬‬ ‫)‪(Weiner, 2010‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪Chessick, R. D. (2007). The future of psychoanalysis. New York, NY:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪State University of New York Press.‬‬

‫‪Weiner, M. F. (2010). Power, protest, and the public school:‬‬


‫‪Jewishand African American struggles in New York City. New‬‬
‫‪Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.‬‬
‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 2‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ ﻭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻓﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ )ﻭ‬
‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ( ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ‪ 1000‬ﺗﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺗﻚ ﺗﻚ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ‪ 6‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻠﻤﻪ "ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ " ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﻭﻝ‪) :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺰﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻛﺎﻧﻲ‪(1380 ،‬؛‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻓﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ‪) :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪(1380 ،‬‬

‫ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻲ؛ ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺣﺴﻦ؛ ﺍﻳﺰﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻏﻼﻡ؛ ﻣﻨﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﻨﺎﻧﻪ؛ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻛﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺟﻌﻔﺮ‪ .(1380 ) .‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻬﺸﻨﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﻧﺸﺮ‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﻗﻮ‪.‬‬
‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺪﻩ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ )ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻧﻪ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﻭﻝ(‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ؟(‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬

‫)ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‪(1391 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬


‫ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ‪ .(1391) .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻭﻡ(‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﭼﺎﭘﺎﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ‪ :1‬ﻛﻠﻤﻪ "ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ" ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺍﻧﺘﺰ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﻓﻌﺔ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ‪ :2‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ‪ :3‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﻚ )ﻣﻮﺭﺏ( ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪(Moritsugu, Wong, & Duffy, 2010‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪Moritsugu, J., Wong, F. Y., & Duffy, K. G. (2010). Community‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪psychology (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn.‬‬
‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺎپ ﻣﺠﺪﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﭼﺎپ ﻣﺠﺪﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻗﺒﻠﻲ‪ /‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺎپ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺎپ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‪) .‬ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫‪ ...‬ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﻛﻮﻫﻜﻦ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ‪(1390/1388 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻛﻮﻫﻜﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩ؛ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻴﺪ‪ .(1390) .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﺑﺪﻧﻲ‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﻗﻮ‪) .‬ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1388‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ(‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬
‫)‪(Kimmel, 1966/2007‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫)‪(Momaday, 1992/2009‬‬
‫‪Kimmel, A. J. (2007). Ethical issues in behavioral research: Basic and‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪applied perspectives. Malden, MA: Blackwell. (Original work‬‬
‫)‪published 1966‬‬

‫‪Momaday, N. S. (2009). In the presence of the sun: Stories and poems,‬‬


‫‪1961–1991. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico. (Original‬‬
‫)‪work published 1992‬‬
‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ )ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‪/‬ﻓﺼﻠﻬﺎﻱ( ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺪﻩ )ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ(‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‪/‬ﻓﺼﻠﻬﺎﻱ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ)ﺍﻥ( ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻴﻜﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻠﻤﻪ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ )ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ( ﻭ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺍﻥ )ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ( ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺝ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻭﻝ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ؛ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ( ‪).‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ؟(‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬

‫)ﺩﻻﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻳﻔﻲ‪(1388 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬


‫ﺩﻻﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻲ؛ ﺷﺮﻳﻔﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ(‪ .(1388) .‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻬﺎﻱ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ‪ : 1‬ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ ﻓﺎﺻﻞ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻭﻳﺮﮔﻮﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﻳﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ‬

‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﻓﻲ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺍﻧﺘﺰ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ‬
‫)ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ(‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ(‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ )ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺟﻠﺪ(‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪(1390 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ‪ .(1390 ) .‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺻﺎﺩﻕ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺟﻠﺪ ‪ ،4‬ﺻﺺ‪ .(48-25 .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺟﻴﺤﻮﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪(Barber, 2009‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬


‫‪Barber, C. (2009). Gender identity. In E. M. Anderman & L. H.‬‬
‫‪Anderman (Eds.), Psychology of classroom learning: An encyclopedia‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪(Vols. 1–2, pp. 428–430). Detroit, MI: Gale–Cengage.‬‬
‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ )ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ(‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻭﻝ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻭﻝ؛ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺛﺮﻱ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﭼﺎپ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ )ﺻﺺ‪ .‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ – ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ(‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪(1390 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ‪) .‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ‪ .(1390‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺻﺎﺩﻕ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ .‬ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻻﺭ ﻗﺪﺱ )ﺻﺺ‪ .(28-25 .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺟﻴﺤﻮﻥ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬
‫)‪(Rowling, 1993‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫‪Rowling, L. (1993, September). Schools and grief: How does Australia‬‬
‫‪compare to the United States. In Wandarna coowar: Hidden grief. Paper‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫‪presented at the Proceedings of the 8th National Conference of the‬‬
‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪National Association for Loss and Grief (Australia), Yeppoon, Queensland‬‬
‫‪(pp. 196-201). Turramurra, NSW: National Association for Loss and Grief.‬‬
‫‪8‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬

‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻬﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺁﺛﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻً ﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻴﺂﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ( ﻳﺎ )ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭼﺎپ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ؟( ‪ .‬ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ‪...‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ‪ ...‬ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫ﻧﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬

‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪) :‬ﻛﻮﻫﻦ‪(1990 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪) :‬ﻏﻼﻣﻲ‪(1374 ،‬‬

‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ )ﻛﻮﻫﻦ‪ ،1990 ،‬ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﻏﻼﻣﻲ‪.(1374 ،‬‬

‫‪ (1‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻒ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬
‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻛﻮﻫﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﺲ‪ .(1990) .‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻋﻠﻢ) ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻏﻼﻣﻲ(‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺪﺍﻳﺶ‪.‬‬

‫ﺏ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬

‫ﻏﻼﻣﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ )ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ(‪ .(1374) .‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻋﻠﻢ )ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﺲ ﻛﻮﻫﻦ(‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺪﺍﻳﺶ‪.‬‬

‫ﺝ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬

‫ﮔﻴﺞ‪ ،‬ﻥ‪ .‬ﻝ‪ .‬ﻭ ﺑﺮﻻﻳﻨﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩ‪ .‬ﺱ‪ .(1998 ) .‬ﺭﻭﺍﻥﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻲ ) ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﺧﻮﻱ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ(‪ .(1374) .‬ﻣﺸﻬﺪ‪:‬‬

‫ﻣﺆﺳﺴﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺣﻜﻴﻢ ﻓﺮﺩﻭﺳﻲ‪.‬‬

‫‪ (2‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪:‬‬

‫ﻛﻮﻫﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﺲ‪ .(1990) .‬ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﺯ )ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪﻱ(‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ )ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ(‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ‬

‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ )ﺻﺺ‪ .(180-150 .‬ﻗﻢ‪ :‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‪.‬‬
‫‪9‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪(de Beauvoir, 2003‬‬ ‫)‪(Pham, 2007‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪de Beauvoir, S. (2003). The married woman (H. M. Parshly, Trans.). In S.‬‬
‫‪Hirschberg & T. Hirschberg (Eds.), Past to present: Ideas that‬‬
‫‪changed our world (pp. 188–194). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪Hall.‬‬
‫‪Tram, D. T. (2007). Last night I dreamed of peace: The diary of Dang‬‬
‫‪Thuy Tram (A. X. Pham, Trans.). New York, NY: Harmony Books.‬‬

‫ﻧﻨﻮﻳﺴﻴﺪ )ﺑﻮﺭﺩﻳﻮ‪،(1374 ،‬‬


‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬ ‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺍ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﺍﻱ‪ ،‬ﻟﻄﻔﺎ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻧﻜﻨﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜ ً‬
‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻲ ﻣﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻮﺭﺩﻳﻮ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ‪ :2‬ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﻱ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﺎ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪10‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰﻭﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻭﺷﻮﺭ‬

‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰﻭﻩ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻭﺷﻮﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺑﺮﻭﺷﻮﺭ ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺱ ﻳﺎ ﺟﺰﻭﻩ ‪] .‬ﺟﺰﻭﻩ ﺩﺭﺳﻲ [‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﺸﺮ)ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﻭﺷﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ(‪ :‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ )ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ‪(1385 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ‪ .(1385) .‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ]ﺟﺰﻭﻩ ﺩﺭﺳﻲ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ[‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬
‫)‪(Gable, 1999/2008‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎ‬ ‫)‪(Loving Your Family, 2007‬‬
‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪Gable, S. (2008). Nurturing children’s talents [Pamphlet]. Columbia, MO:‬‬


‫)‪University of Missouri. (Original work published 1999‬‬
‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﻗﺒﻠﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪:‬‬
‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪Loving your family, feeding their future: Nutrition education through the‬‬
‫‪food stamp program [Pamphlet]. (2007). Washington, DC: Food and‬‬
‫‪Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.‬‬
‫‪11‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ‪/‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮ ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ‪/‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ .‬ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬
‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‪(1387 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ‪ .(1387) .‬ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺟﻮﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ .‬ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪(Hall, 2007‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪Hall, E. M. (2007). Posttraumatic stress symptoms in parents of children‬‬


‫‪with injuries. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Boston University,‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪Boston, MA.‬‬
‫‪12‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﻒ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺏ(‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺝ(‬
‫ﻭ ‪...‬‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪ 1388 ،‬ﺍﻟﻒ( )ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪1388 ،‬ﺏ( )ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻇﻤﻲ‪(1388 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ‪ .(1388) .‬ﺩﺭﺍﻣﺪﻱ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻳﺎﺑﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﻗﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ‪ .(1388) .‬ﺩﺭﺍﻣﺪﻱ ﺑﺮ ﻫﭙﺎﺗﻴﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ؛ ﻛﺎﻇﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﺯﻫﺮﺍ‪ .(1388) .‬ﺩﺭﺍﻣﺪﻱ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻧﻜﻠﻮﻟﻮژﻱ‪ .‬ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ‪ :‬ﻧﻴﻤﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ‪ :1‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺒﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺪﺧﻠﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﭙﺲ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻤﻌﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻱ‪ .‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ‪ (1388) ،‬ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ؛ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻇﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﺯﻫﺮﺍ ‪ (1388) .‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬
‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1990‬ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬
‫)‪(Sternberg, 1990‬‬
‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،2003‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪:‬‬
‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫)‪(Sternberg, 2003a‬‬
‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،2003‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪:‬‬
‫)‪(Sternberg, 2003b‬‬
‫‪Sternberg, R. J. (1990). Metaphors of the mind: Conceptions of the nature‬‬
‫‪of intelligence. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.‬‬
‫‪Sternberg, R. J. (Ed.). (2003). Psychologists defying the crowd: Stories of‬‬
‫‪those who battled the establishment and won. Washington, DC:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪American Psychological Association.‬‬
‫‪Sternberg, R. J. (2003). Why smart people can be so stupid. New Haven,‬‬
‫‪CT: Yale University Press.‬‬
‫‪13‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ )ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ(‬

‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪﻛﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻛﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻄﻠﺒﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻴﻜﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﺑﻮﺭﺩﻳﻮ )‪ (1992‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺯﻭﺍﻝ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺪ )ﻧﻘﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪.(1389 ،‬‬

‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ‪ :1‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻮﺭﺩﻳﻮ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﺎﻗﻞ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﺎﻗﻞ ﻣﻄﺐ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫ﺑﻮﺭﺩﻳﻮ )‪ (1960‬ﺍﺫﻋﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﻟﺞ ﺑﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ )ﻧﻘﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪(1389 ،‬‬
‫ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻲ )‪ .(1389‬ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺭﺩﻳﻮ‪ .‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﻗﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬
‫‪Tomasello (1992) asserted that children learn words within usage-based,‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫‪grammatical contexts (as cited in Nelson, 2007).‬‬
‫‪Nelson, K. (2007). Young minds in social worlds: Experience, meaning,‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪and memory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.‬‬
‫‪14‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﭼﺎپ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬

‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ )ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ(‪ ،‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫– ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ‪ :1‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭼﭗ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻨﻮﻳﺴﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﺧﻂ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﭼﭗ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻼﻣﺖ ﺧﻂ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ )‪ ،(-‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ‪) 8-2‬ﺩﺭﺳﺖ( ﻭ ﻧﻪ ‪) 2-8 :‬ﻏﻠﻂ(‬
‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪(1389 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻲ )‪ .(1389‬ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺭﺩﻳﻮ‪ .‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻲ‪.48-25 ،(7) 17 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪(Harrison & Westwood, 2009) (Nuttman-Shwartz, 2007‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪Harrison, R. L., & Westwood, M. J. (2009). Preventing vicarious‬‬


‫‪traumatization of mental health therapists: Identifying protective‬‬
‫‪practices. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 46,‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪203–219.‬‬
‫‪Nuttman-Shwartz, O. (2007). Is there life without work? The International‬‬
‫‪Journal of Aging and Human Development, 64, 129–147.‬‬
‫‪15‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭼﺎپ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭼﺎپ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﭼﺎپ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺯﻳﺮﭼﺎپ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ )ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ( )ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ(‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ ،....‬ﺍﺯ ‪….‬ﺁﺩﺭﺱ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‪.....‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮ ﭼﺎپ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻲ )ﺯﻳﺮ ﭼﺎپ(‪ .‬ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺭﺩﻳﻮ‪ .‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻲ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪25‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺁﺫﺭ ‪ ،1392‬ﺍﺯ‬
‫‪http://www.sid.ir/Fa/ViewPaper.asp?ID=11025388;9;34;223;244‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪Scruton (In Press‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪Scruton, R. (In Press). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(3).‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪16‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﻪ )ﻣﺎﻫﻨﺎﻫﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ(‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻫﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ )ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ( )ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ(‪ ،‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪-‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪(1389 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻲ‪ ،1389) .‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ(‪ .‬ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺭﺩﻳﻮ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﻫﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ‪.224 ،(7) 17 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪Mershon (1998, November/December‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪Mershon, D. H. (1998, November/December). Star trek on the brain: Alien‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪minds, human minds. American Scientist, 86(6), 585.‬‬
‫‪17‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯ‪ /‬ﻣﺎﻩ‪ /‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ‪) .‬ﺭﻭﺯ‪ /‬ﻣﺎﻩ‪ /‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ )ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ( )ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ(‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪-‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ )ﻳﺎ ﺟﺎﻱ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺩﺭ‬
‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﭼﭗ(‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﺳﻠﻮﻛﻲ‪ 25 ،‬ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪(1385‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺳﻠﻮﻛﻲ‪ ،‬ﺁﺫﺭ‪ . (1385) .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ)ﺹ( ﺍﺯ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ)ﻉ(‪ :‬ﺭﻩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﻌﺜﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﻏﻪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﺸﻬﺮﻱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪ 25‬ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺹ‪ ،15 .‬ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪Di Rado (1995, March 15‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪Di Rado, A. (1995, March 15). Trekking through college: Classes explore‬‬
‫‪modern society using the world of Star trek. Los Angeles Times, pp.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪A3, A20-A22.‬‬
‫‪18‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ )ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﻠﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ(‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ )ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ -‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ )ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ(‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﺩﺭﺱ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‪. ...‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‪(1391 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ‪ .(1391) .‬ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﺷﺘﮕﻲ ﺩﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻬﺎﻱ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺳﻨﺠﻲ‪ .‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺵ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪ ،28‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ ،2‬ﺻﺺ‪ .409-393 .‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪ 10‬ﺁﺫﺭ ‪ ،1392‬ﺍﺯ‬
‫‪http://pubj.ricest.ac.ir/ojs/index.php/code13pp/article/view/100/108‬‬
‫‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪(Capurro, 2013‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪Capurro, R. (2013). Go Glocal: Intercultural Comparison of Leadership‬‬


‫‪Ethics. Infopreneurship Journal, 1 (1), pp. 1-9. Retrieved 2013, Dec.‬‬
‫‪25, from http://infopreneurship.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Go-‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪Glocal-Intercultural-Comparison-of-Leadership-Ethics-InfoJour-11-‬‬
‫‪pp.1-91.pdf‬‬
‫‪19‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ )ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﻠﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ(‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ )ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺳﺎﻝ(‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﺩﺭﺱ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‪. ...‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﻋﻠﻴﺪﻭﺳﺘﻲ‪(1390 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﺪﻭﺳﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺮﻭﺱ )‪ .(1390‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪ 25‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ ،1392‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫‪http://biblio.ir/index.php?categoryID=100‬‬
‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬
‫)‪De Huff (2005‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎ‬ ‫)‪(Davis, n.d.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫‪De Huff, E. W. (2005). Taytay’s tales: Traditional Pueblo Indian tales.‬‬


‫‪Retrieved 2013, May 3, from‬‬
‫‪http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/dehuff/taytay/taytay.html‬‬
‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬


‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻲ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪:‬‬
‫‪Davis, J. (n.d.). Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest. Retrieved 2013, May‬‬
‫‪3, from http://www.powells.com/cgi-bin/biblio?inkey=1-‬‬
‫‪U‬‬

‫‪9780931686108-0‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬

‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ‪ :1‬ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ "ﺑﻲ‪.‬ﺗﺎ‪ ".‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ ﻭ ‪ n.d.‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻴﻜﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪20‬‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺟﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ‪ APA‬ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺸﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺑﻼﮔﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺏ ﺳﺎﻳﺘﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻲ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ )ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ(‬

‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻌﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺏ ﺳﺎﻳﺘﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺑﻼﮔﻬﺎ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻴﻜﻨﻴﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﻠﻲ‬
‫)ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻩ )ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ((‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪) .‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺮ(‪ .‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ]ﻧﻮﻉ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ[‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ )ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ(‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﺩﺭﺱ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ‪. ...‬‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ‬
‫)ﻭﺏ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﻃﺒﺎﻃﺒﺎﺋﻲ‪ 25 ،‬ﺁﺫﺭ ‪ ( 1392‬ﻳﺎ )ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻲ‪ 13 ،‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪(1392‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬
‫ﻭﺏ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﻃﺒﺎﻃﺒﺎﺋﻲ‪ .(1392) ،‬ﺛﺒﺖ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺿﻴﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ]ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ[‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪ 25‬ﺁﺫﺭ ‪ ،1392‬ﺍﺯ‬
‫‪http://atu.ac.ir/fa/news/1/bodyView/837‬‬
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‫ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻲ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ‪ .(1392) .‬ﺳﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ] ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻭﺑﻼگ[‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪ 13‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪،1392‬‬
‫ﺍﺯ ‪http://iraninfolit.persianblog.ir/post/8/‬‬
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‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬

‫)‪Dean (2008, May 7‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻦ‬

‫?‪Dean, J. (2008, May 7). When the self emerges: Is that me in the mirror‬‬
‫‪[Web log comment]. Retrieved 2013, Dec. 15, from‬‬
‫‪http://www.spring.org.uk/the1sttransport‬‬
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‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬


‫‪Psychology Video Blog #3 [Video file]. Retrieved 2013, Dec. 15 from‬‬
‫‪http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lqM90eQi5-M‬‬
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‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ‪ :1‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻦ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﻭﺷﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻄﻠﺒﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻫﺎﻳﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻨﻮﻳﺴﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬
‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪] ،‬ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ[‪] ،‬ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻭﺑﻼگ [‪] ،‬ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭﺑﻼگ [‪] ،‬ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻓﻴﺴﺒﻮﻙ [‪] ،‬ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻓﻴﺴﺒﻮﻙ [‪] ،‬ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻭﺏ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ [ ﻭ‬
‫ﻏﻴﺮﻩ‪.‬‬