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Algebra 1 SOL A.2 Add/Subtract/Multiply Polynomials WS Mrs.

Grieser

Name: ________________________________________ Date: __________________ Block: _______

Add / Subtract Polynomials:


• Combine like terms
• Be careful when subtracting – distribute the negative sign, then add
• Examples:
o Add: (4x3 + 2x2 – x +9) + (12x3 – 6x2 + 3x – 4)
= 16x3 – 4x2 +2x + 5
o Subtract: (6x4 + 2x3 – 5x2 – 4x + 7) – (3x4 – 4x3 + 7x2 – 5x – 10)
= 6x4 + 2x3 – 5x2 – 4x + 7 - 3x4 + 4x3 - 7x2 + 5x + 10
= 3x4 + 6x3 – 12x2 + x + 17
Multiply Polynomials:
• Use distributive property
• FOIL can be used if multiplying two binomials (Firsts Outsides Insides Lasts)
• Examples:
o Multiply: 5x(7x3 – 4x2 + 5x – 3) = 35x4 – 20x3 + 25x2 – 15
o Multiply: (2x + 1)(3x – 4) = 6x2 – 8x + 3x – 4 = 6x2 – 5x – 4
o Multiply: (x + 2)(x2 – 3x + 4)
= x3 – 3x2 + 4x + 2x2 – 6x + 8 = x3 – x2 – 2x + 8

Exercises: Add or subtract the polynomial expressions.


1) (3x3 + 4x2 + 1) + (2x2 + 10) 2) (-4x2 + 3x – 1) – (4x + 2)

3) (-8x3 + 4x – 1) – (4x2 – x) 4) (7x3 + 6x2 + x – 1) + (9x3 + 4x2 – x + 10)

5) (9x5 – 7x3 + x) + (6x4 + 9x3) 6) (5x2 – 7x + 10) – (6x2 + 8x – 5)

7) (10x2 – 8x + 10) – (6x2 + 7x + 10) 8) (4x4 + 3x3 + 2x2 + x) + (3x4 – 4x3 + 2x2 – x)

9) (8x3 + 5x + 1) + (10x3 + 4x2) 10) (17x5 + 5x3 + x) - (6x5 + 4x3 + x)


Algebra 1 SOL A.2 Add/Subtract/Multiply Polynomials WS Mrs. Grieser Page 2

Multiply the polynomial expressions.


11) 2x(4x2 + 5x + 10) 12) 3x2(2x2 + 2x + 1)

13) (x + 1)(x + 10) 14) (x + 2)(x – 2)

15) (x2 + 1)(x2 - 5) 16) (x + 9)(x2 + 7x)

17) (x + 1)(x2 + 5x + 10) 18) (x2 + 5)(x3 + 2x + 1)

19) The dimensions of a rectangle are x + 4 and x + 5. Write a polynomial expression that
represents the area of the rectangle.

20) You are making a walkway around part of a swimming pool.


The dimensions of the pool and walkway are shown in the
diagram.
a) Write a polynomial expression that represents the area of
the swimming pool.

b) What is the area of the swimming pool if the walkway is 2 feet wide?