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Note: To get results change values in BLUE only

TANDEM PILL CALCULATION:

Mud Weight 1 10.2 ppg


Volume 1 52 bbl
Mud Weight 2 6.8 ppg
Volume 2 98 bbl
Mud Weight 3 10.8 ppg
Volume 3 200 bbl
Total Volume 350 bbl
New Mud Wt 9.6 ppg

Dilution Rates: Quartz Cup


Excess Lime Calculation:
Water fill in sec
Excess Lime Required ppb 10 Litres per Min
Excess Lime Present ppb 6.78 Litres per Hr
Mud Volume bbls 2000 BBLS per Hr addition
Amount Lime to be added kgs 2927
No. of Sacks to add 25kg/sx 117

Chlorides Calculation:

Chlorides Required mg/l 37000 Input Temperature


Chlorides Present mg/l 34000 85
Mud Volume bbls 1600 32
Amount of CaCl2 to be added kgs 1194
No. of Sacks to add 50kg/sx 24
No. of Sacks to add 25kg/sx 48

Pressure Drop Across MWD Tool Calculation:

Mud Weight ppg 10


Pump Rate gpm 791
Pressure Drop psi 397
LATION: Water Activity Calculation:

Enter % wt CaCl2 33.96


Water Activity 0.54

Dilution Rates: Quartz Cup

Water fill in sec 6


Litres per Min 10.00
Litres per Hr 600.00
BBLS per Hr addition 3.77

Input Temperature
Degree C 185.0 Degree F
Degree F 0.0 Degree C
MUD LOST WITH CUTTINGS WORKSHEET

INPUT
12.25 Hole Diameter (inches)
60 Interval Length (meters drilled)
10.1 Mud Weight (ppg)
0.61 Retort fraction of oil in whole mud (decimal)
10.00% ROC%
6.8 Base Oil Density (ppg)
21.7 Cuttings Density (ppg)

OUTPUT
0.69 Mud on Cuttings Factor
19.84 Mud Lost with Cuttings (bbls)
Dilution due to Evaporation.

Evaporation bbl/Hour : 2.02

Retort water % 11 61.11 0.37

Flow line Temp.F 160 5.5

Fill only green column


Volume to be mixed 2210.56 Final Volume 2211

EDC 95/11 0 361 Brine Requirements


Brine Aw .8(10ppg CaCl2) 0 0.27 151
CaCL2 (for H2O only) 110 0 0 Brine Weight 11.6
V-Pro 326 10 17 Weight Needed 10
VG 69 55 8 81
Lime 55 8 81 Brine 11.6 94
V-Trol 55 5 51 Water 8.3 68
EcoTrol 55 1.5 15
V-Mod 315 1 2 Final Brine Wgt 10.21
CaCO3 Sized 2200 25 6
Barite 7-10.5ppg 110 0 0
0 0 0
Volume Increase 0 0 0

PIT # 5

ORDER OF ADDITION: Base Oil


Versa Pro
VG 69
Lime
Brine 61 bbls
Drill Water 44 bbls
Versa Trol
Eco Trol
CaCO3 Sized
Barite Pit 2a & 2b
HOLE DATA PIPE DATA
Section Acc Description Length Pipe OD Pipe ID Disp.Pipe Cap. Pipe
Section ID Depth Capacity
Length Length Drill Pipe 3,012.00 5.000 4.276 64.45 175.47
Riser 19.75 229 229 229 284.60 HWP 111.00 5.000 3.000 5.66 3.18
20" Casing 0 229 0.00 DC 84.00 8.500 2.810 17.22 2.11
13.375" Casing 12.35 2,166 1937 2166 940.85 MWD 8.00 8.440 4.250 1.36 0.46
0 2166 0.00 PowerDrive 20.00 12.125 2.375 9.01 0.36
0 2166 0.00 0.00 0.00
0 2166 0.00 0.00 0.00
0 2166 0.00 0.00 0.00
0 2166 0.00 0.00 0.00
0 2166 0.00 0.00 0.00
Open Hole 12.25 2,395 229 2395 109.49 0.00 0.00
VOLUMES & TIMES 0.00 0.00
Bit Depth 3,235 meter 0.00 0.00
Total Depth 3,235 meter 0.00 0.00
Total Hole Volume (no pipe) 1,335 bbl 0.00 0.00
Total Hole Volume (with pipe) 1,237 bbl 0.00 0.00
Annulus Volume 1,056 bbl 0.00 0.00
Total Displacement of pipe 97.70 bbl 0.00 0.00
Total Capacity Of Pipe 181.59 bbl 0.00 0.00
Active Pit 350 bbl ANNULAR VELOCITY (Meters / Minute) MIXING MUDS
Circulating time 140.93 minutes Gallons / Minute 752 Mud Weight 1 10.60 ppg
In & Out 109.86 minutes Hole Diameter 12.250 Volume 1 40 bbl
Inside Pipe 16.12 minutes Pipe OD 5.000 Mud Weight 2 ppg
Bottoms Up 93.73 minutes Annular Velocity (MPM) 44.9 Volume 2 0 bbl
PUMP OUTPUT (GPM) STROKES - HOLE / ANNULUS / PIPE Mud Weight 3 6.80 ppg
Liner Size 6.00 inches Hole Volume 1,334.94 Volume 3 6 bbl
Stroke Length 12.00 inches Strokes 13,394 Mud Weight 4 0.00
Percentage 95.00 % Hole Volume With Pipe 1,237.24 Volume 4 0
Pump 1 Strokes 52 GPM 217.68 Strokes 12,414 Mud Weight 5 0.00
Pump 2 Strokes 61 GPM 255.35 Annulus Volume 1,055.66 Volume 5 0
Pump 3 Strokes (Booster) GPM 0.00 Strokes 10,592 Total Volume 46 bbl
Total Strokes 113 Strokes Pipe Volume 181.59 New Mud Wht 10.104 ppg
Barrels / Minute 11.2625 Barrels Strokes 1,822
Barrels / Stroke 0.0997 Barrels Barrels Strokes Minutes Hours
Gallons / Stroke 0.0024
Total GPM 473.0248 GPS 2500 25,083 222 3.70
WEIGHT INCREASE - BARITE WEIGHT REDUCTION BOTTOM HOLE PRESSURE vs MUD WEIGHT
Original Mud Weight 10.10 ppg Desired Weight 12.70 ppg Mud Weight = 1 or Pressure = 2 2
Desired Mud Weight 10.20 ppg Density of Oil/Water 6.60 ppg Choose Between Field = 1 or SI Units = 2 2
Pit Volume 40 bbl Original Mud Weight 13.00 ppg
Final Volume 40.158 bbl Original Volume 510.00 bbl True Vertical Depth 2254.00 m 7395.01 ft
Lb Barite 232.4 lbs Water/Oil To Add 25.08 bbl Mud Weight 1.60 SG 13.31 ppg
MT Barite 0.1 mt Total Mud 535.08 bbl Bttm Hole Pressure 352.54 bar 5111.88 psi
bbls Barite 0.2 bbl C° 83.00 F° -32.00
sx Barite (100 lb/sx) 2.3 sxs F° 28.33 C° 83.00 WEIGHT INCREASE - DIFFERENT WGT MATERIAL
WEIGHT INCREASE - CALCIUM CARB. WEIGHT INCREASE - FERROX SG of Weight Material 2.7 sg
Original Mud Weight 10.00 ppg Original Mud Weight 9.50 ppg Desired Weight 1.27 sg
Desired Mud Weight 10.30 ppg Desired Mud Weight 10.80 ppg Original Weight 1.16 sg
Pit Volume 170 bbl Pit Volume 500 bbl Original Volume 15.9 m³
Final Volume 174.018 bbl Final Volume 523.050 bbl Total M³ of weight material 1.22 M³
Lb CaCO3 3880.2 lbs Lb Ferrox 37916.7 lbs Kilos / M³ of weight material 207.69 kg
MT CaCO3 1.8 mt MT Ferrox 17.2 mt Total MT weight material to use 3.30 MT
bbl CaCO3 4.0 bbl bbls Ferrox 23.0 bbl
sx CaCO3 (55 lb/sx) 70.5 sxs sx Ferrox (100 lb/sx) 379.2 sxs Barite 4.20 sg
INCREASE OIL CONTENT DECREASE OIL CONTENT Calcium Carbonate 2.70 sg
Mud Volume 350 bbls Mud Volume 1800 bbls Calcium Chloride 2.15 sg
Oil % (retort) 61 % Oil % (retort) 62 % Ferrox 4.70 sg
Water % (retort) 24 % Water % (retort) 24 % Flowate 2.16 sg
Solids % (retort) 15 % Solids % (retort) 14 % Potassium Carbonate 2.40 sg
Weight (ppg) 10.2 ppg Weight 10 ppg Potassium Chloride 1.99 sg
SG of base fluid 0.8 SG SG of Brine / Water 1 SG Sodium Bromide 3.21 sg
Oil Ratio Reqd 76 % Oil Ratio Required 70 % Sodium Chloride 2.17 sg
Oil Required 53 bbls Brine/Water Required 46 bbls
New Volume 403 bbls New Volume 70 bbls DYNAMIC SAG TEST - VST CALCULATIONS
New Weight 9.74 ppg New Weight 262.7 ppg
Mud used to fill sample cup is taken from heating cup at 50°C while
Fann Model 35 is running at specified rpm
% CALCIUM CHLORIDE STROKES - KILL / CHOKE / BOOSTER Begin at 600 rpm, 50°C degrees temperature, 5 min
CaCl2 % W/W 22.0 Initial Choke Line - ID inches 3.000 Rotate 100 rpm, 30 min
CaCl2 % W/W 23.0 Reqd. Volume 6.67 Lower thermocup and start sampling
Purity 95.0 % Strokes 67 Weight of 10 cc syringe:
Mud Volume 1200 bbls Kill Line - ID inches 3.000 Weight of 10 cc syringe with mud, top of thermocup, in grams:
Water 25.0 % Volume 6.67 MW Top (sp.gr.)
CaCl2 Required 35 25 kg sxs Strokes 67 Weight of 10 cc syringe with mud, bottom of thermocup, in grams:
Total Weight 0.86 mt Booster Line - ID inches 3.326 MWBottom (sp.gr.)
Total Weight 862.65 kg Volume 8.20 Delta Mud Weight, (sp.gr.) = MWTop - MWBottom
Total Weight 391.29 lbs Strokes 82 Sag Index
TIME TO TD / ROP
Time Started 10/28/07 9:00 AM
Time Now 9/8/10 12:53 AM
25095.89
Depth Started 665 meters
Depth Now 3,235 meters
TD 3900 meters
Speed mt/hr 10.00 hour
Left to TD 665 meters
Time to TD 12.20 hour
0.51 days
Meters Drilled 2,570 meters
MUD ON THE FLY CALCULATIONS
Volume 1000 bbls Discharge rate Heavy Mud Water Total
Required Mud
Density 12 ppg GPM GPM GPM bbls/min
Heavy mud Water 550 261 289 13.1
Volume bbls 473.7 526.3 575 272 303 13.7
Density ppg 16 8.4 600 284 316 14.3
Discharge rate Heavy Mud Water Total 625 296 329 14.9
GPM GPM GPM bbls/min 650 308 342 15.5
25 12 13 0.6 675 320 355 16.1
50 24 26 1.2 700 332 368 16.7
75 36 39 1.8 725 343 382 17.3
100 47 53 2.4 750 355 395 17.9
125 59 66 3.0 775 367 408 18.5
150 71 79 3.6 800 379 421 19.0
175 83 92 4.2 825 391 434 19.6
200 95 105 4.8 850 403 447 20.2
225 107 118 5.4 875 414 461 20.8
250 118 132 6.0 900 426 474 21.4
275 130 145 6.5 925 438 487 22.0
300 142 158 7.1 950 450 500 22.6
325 154 171 7.7 975 462 513 23.2
350 166 184 8.3 1000 474 526 23.8
375 178 197 8.9 1025 486 539 24.4
400 189 211 9.5 1050 497 553 25.0
425 201 224 10.1 1075 509 566 25.6
450 213 237 10.7 1100 521 579 26.2
475 225 250 11.3 1125 533 592 26.8
500 237 263 11.9 1150 545 605 27.4
525 249 276 12.5 1175 557 618 28.0
CONVERTION FACTORS
To Convert To Multiply By To Convert To Multiply By WATER PHASE SALINITY
Atmospheres kg/cm2 1.03 kPa psi 0.15 Total Chlorides
Atmospheres psi 14.7 kPa / m psi / ft 0.04 ml AgNO3
bar psi 14.5 lb kg 0.45 % Water
bbl M³ 0.16 lb / 100ft² Pa 0.48 Cl- in water phase
bbl / ft m³ / m 0.52 lb / bbl g / l (kg / m³) 2.85
C° F° (C° x 1,8) + 32 lb / ft kg / m 1.49
cm in 0.39 lb / ft - sec cP 1.49
cP lb / ft - sec 0 lb / ft³ g / l (kg / m³) 16.02 Common Chemical Formulas
F° C° (F°-32)/1,8 lb / gal kg /m³ 119.83 Aluminium Oxide
ft m 0.3 lb / gal SG 0.12 Barite
ft² m² 0.09 lb / gal kg / l 0.12 Barium Carbonate
ft³ m³ 0.03 liter ft³ 0.04 Barium Hydroxide
ft³ liter (l) 28.32 liter gal 0.26 Calcium Carbonate
g/l lb / bbl 0.35 m ft³ 3.28 Calcium Chloride
g/l lb / ft³ 0.06 m² ft² 10.76 Calsium Oxide
gal m³ 0 m³ bbl 6.29 Caustic Soda
gal liter (l) 3.79 m³ ft³ 35.31 Gypsum or Anhydrite
in cm 2.54 m³ gal 264.2 Hydrochloric Acid
kg lb 2.21 m³ qt 3448 Hydrogen Sulfide
kg / cm² atmosphere 0.97 m³ / m bbl / ft 1.92 Lime
kg / cm² psi 14.29 miles km 1.61 Mag. Hydroxide
kg / l lb / gal 9.35 Pa lb / 100 ft² 2.09 Magnessium Oxide
kg / m lb / ft 0.67 psi atmosphere 0.07 Nitric Acid
kg / m³ lb / bbl 0.35 psi kg /cm² 0.07 Phosphate (STP)
kg / m³ lb / ft³ 0.06 psi kPa 6.9 Potassium Chloride
kg / m³ lb / gal 0.01 psi / ft kPa / m 22.61 SAPP Na2H2
km miles 0.62 SG lb / gal 8.33 Silicon Dioxide
CONTAMINATION TREATMENT OIL ON CUTTINGS
Contaminant Ion To Remove 1 mg/l kg/m³ lb/bbl Retort cell (empty) 827 grams
Gypsum Calsium Soda Ash - Hold pH 0 0 Retort cell (full) 887 grams
or (Ca) SAPP - Reduce pH 0 0 Measuring Cyl (empty) 58 grams
Anhydrite Bicarb - hold or reduce pH 0 0 Measuring Cyl (full) 71 grams
Lime or Calsium Bicarb 3,23816* 1,135* Retorted Water 9 mls
Cement (Ca) SAPP 4,2795* 1,5* Retorted Oil 4 grams
Hydrogen Sulfide Sulfide Keep pH above 10 and 0 0 Weight of dry cuttings 47 grams
(S2-) add sulfide scavenger Oil on Cuttings 8.51 %
Carbon Dioxide Carbonate Gypsum - hold or reduce pH 0 0
(CO32-) Lime - raise pH 0 0
Bicarbonate Lime - raise pH 0 0
(HCO3-)
Hard Water Mg2+ Caustic Soda 0 0
Ca2+ Caustic Soda 0 0
* Treatment to remove 1 lb/bbl excess Lime
SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF CHEMICALS
Agipac LV/R 1.60 Drilling Starch 0.50 HDF 200 0.812 Nut Plug 1.30 Sodium Bromide
Antisol FL 1.60 Drillout 1.26 HEC 10 1.40 PBS Accelerator 2.60 Sod. Bromide Brine
Anco Therm V 1.44 Drillthin 1.90 Hilube 0.880 PBS Plug 2.00 Sodium Carbonate
Amm. Bisulphite 1.34 Driscal D 1.44 Iron Oxide 4.50 PBS Retarder 1.57 Sod. Lignosulfonate
Aquaflo HV/LV 1.60 Drispac SL/REG 1.60 Ironite Sponge 4.50 Pearl Ash 2.40 Sodiumm Chloride
Aquapac 1.60 EDC 95/11 0.814 KOH 2.04 Pentandial 1.030 Specell FE
Barite 4.20 FD-2364 0,97-1,03 Koplus LL 1.220 Plugsal 2.16 Staflo REG/EXLO
Bentone 128 0.00 FE-P70 1.50 Kwik Seal 1.50 Polypac 1.60 Ultra Seal XP/C
Bentonite 2.50 Finagreen EBL 0.950 Lampac 0.65 Pot. Bicarbonate 2.17 Ven Fyber 201
Borresol FE-P70 1.50 FL7 Plus 1.40 Lime 2.24 Pot. Carbonate 2.40 Ven-Chem 222
Borrewell FE 1.50 Flo-Trol 1.40 Limestone 2.70 Pot. Chloride 1.99 Versapro P/S
Brinewate A 2.16 Flo-Wate 2.16 Liquid Casing 0.74 Pot. Hydroxide 2.04 Versatrol
Calcite 2.70 Flowzan 1.60 Lo-Tork G 0.880 Pottasche 2.40 Versavert F
Calcium Bromide 3.35 Form A Plug 2.00 Magnesium Chloride 1.88 Prempac EX/SL/R 1.60 Versavert M
Calcium Carbonate 2.70 Form A Plug Acc. 2.60 Mica 0.90 Renax 100 1.040 Versavert P
Calcium Chloride 2.15 Form A Plug Ret. 1.57 MIX II 1.55 Rhodopol 23 P 1.50 Versavert S
Calcium Hydroxide 2.24 Geltone II 1.70 Nocal II 1,2-1,5 Rock Salt 2.17 Versavert Vis
Caustic Potash 2.04 Gilsonite 1.05 Novamod LAO 0,75-0,95 Safe-Surf OE 1.000 VG-69
Caustic Soda 2.13 Glide HS 1.000 Novamul LAO 0,91-0,95 Sandseal Coarse 0.49 Walnut
Celpol 1.60 Glimmer 0.90 Novatec B 0.776 Sea Salt 2.17 Wyoming Bentonite
Celpac 1.60 Glute 10 1.030 Novatec F 1.012 Serla Sol Fe 1.50 Xanthan Gum
CF Lignosulfonate 1.50 Glycol DCP 208 1.010 Novatec PE 0.940 Serla Sol Fe 60 1.50 Xanvis
Citric Acid 1.54 Glydril MC 1.010 Novatec SE 0.950 Silicone Defoamer 0,97-1,03 XC Polymer
CMC LV/HV/EHV 1.55 Graphite 2.23 Novathin 0,79-,-0,85 Soda Ash 2.53 Zalo
Diaseal 2.20 G-Seal 2.23 Novawet 0,90-0,95 Sodium Bicarbonate 2.16 Zinc Carbonate
CALCIUM CHLORIDE SALT TABLE

Water Pounds 100 % CaCl2


mg/lt Specific % by Correction Activity of
Salinity + gallons of water for mg/l Cl--
CaCl2 Gravity weight Factor water
Phase g/l 1 barrel of brine

0 0 - 42.00 0 0 1.000 0.0 1.000 1.000


3 1.76 - 41.96 3212 5021 1.004 0.5 1.001 0.99975
6 3.53 - 41.96 6452 10084 1.008 1.0 1.002 0.99950
10 5.32 - 41.91 9718 15189 1.013 1.5 1.002 0.99925
13 7.12 - 41.86 13012 20337 1.017 2.0 1.003 0.99900
16 8.93 - 41.81 16333 25528 1.021 2.5 1.005 0.99875
20 10.76 - 41.76 19682 30763 1.025 3.0 1.006 0.99850
23 12.62 - 41.75 23059 36041 1.030 3.5 1.006 0.99825
27 14.48 - 41.69 26464 41363 1.034 4.0 1.007 0.998
30 16.36 - 41.67 29898 46730 1.039 4.5 1.008 0.993
34 18.25 - 41.62 33360 52142 1.043 5.0 1.009 0.988
37 20.15 - 41.56 36851 57599 1.047 5.5 1.011 0.983
41 22.09 - 41.53 40372 63101 1.052 6.0 1.011 0.979
44 24.02 - 41.47 43922 68650 1.056 6.5 1.013 0.974
48 25.99 - 41.44 47501 74245 1.061 7.0 1.013 0.970
52 27.96 - 41.38 51111 79886 1.065 7.5 1.015 0.966
56 29.96 - 41.34 54750 85574 1.070 8.0 1.016 0.961
59 31.95 - 41.27 58420 91310 1.074 8.5 1.018 0.957
63 33.99 - 41.24 62120 97094 1.079 9.0 1.018 0.953
67 36.04 - 41.20 65851 102925 1.084 9.5 1.019 0.949
70 38.08 - 41.13 68413 108805 1.088 10.0 1.021 0.945
75 40.17 - 41.09 73406 114734 1.093 10.5 1.022 0.941
79 42.27 - 41.04 77231 120712 1.098 11.0 1.023 0.936
83 44.36 - 40.96 81087 126739 1.102 11.5 1.025 0.923
87 46.49 - 40.91 84975 132816 1.107 12.0 1.027 0.928
91 48.65 - 40.87 88895 138943 1.112 12.5 1.028 0.923
96 50.82 - 40.82 92848 145121 1.117 13.0 1.029 0.919
100 52.97 - 40.73 96833 151350 1.121 13.5 1.031 0.914
104 55.17 - 40.67 100851 157630 1.126 14.0 1.033 0.909
108 57.40 - 40.61 104902 163962 1.131 14.5 1.034 0.904
113 59.64 - 40.56 108986 170346 1.136 15.0 1.036 0.899
117 61.90 - 40.49 113104 176782 1.141 15.5 1.037 0.893
122 64.18 - 40.43 117256 183270 1.146 16.0 1.039 0.888
126 66.47 - 40.37 121441 189812 1.151 16.5 1.040 0.882
131 68.78 - 40.30 125660 196407 1.156 17.0 1.042 0.876
136 71.11 - 40.23 129914 202506 1.161 17.5 1.044 0.870
140 73.46 - 40.16 134203 209759 1.166 18.0 1.046 0.864
145 75.82 - 40.08 138527 216517 1.171 18.5 1.048 0.857
150 78.20 - 40.01 142885 223329 1.176 19.0 1.050 0.850
155 80.60 - 39.93 147279 230197 1.181 19.5 1.052 0.843
160 83.02 - 39.85 151708 237120 1.186 20.0 1.054 0.836
165 85.45 - 39.77 156173 244099 1.191 20.5 1.056 0.829
170 87.91 - 39.68 160674 251134 1.196 21.0 1.058 0.821
175 90.38 - 39.60 165212 258226 1.201 21.5 1.061 0.813
180 92.94 - 39.54 169786 265375 1.207 22.0 1.062 0.805
186 95.45 - 39.45 174396 272581 1.212 22.5 1.065 0.796
191 97.97 - 39.36 179043 279845 1.217 23.0 1.067 0.787
197 100.51 - 39.26 183728 287167 1.222 23.5 1.070 0.778
202 103.15 - 39.20 188450 294547 1.228 24.0 1.071 0.769
208 105.73 - 39.10 193209 301986 1.233 24.5 1.074 0.760
213 108.33 - 39.00 198007 309484 1.238 25.0 1.077 0.750
219 111.03 - 38.92 202842 317042 1.244 25.5 1.079 0.740
225 113.66 - 38.82 207715 324659 1.249 26.0 1.082 0.730
230 116.40 - 38.74 212628 332337 1.255 26.5 1.084 0.720
237 119.07 - 38.63 217578 340075 1.260 27.0 1.087 0.709
243 121.85 - 38.55 222568 347674 1.266 27.5 1.090 0.698
249 124.56 - 38.44 227597 355734 1.271 28.0 1.093 0.698
255 127.38 - 38.35 232665 363656 1.277 28.5 1.095 0.676
261 130.12 - 38.23 237773 371640 1.282 29.0 1.099 0.664
267 132.99 - 38.14 242921 379686 1.288 29.5 1.101 0.653
274 135.77 - 38.01 248109 387795 1.293 30.0 1.105 0.641
281 138.67 - 37.92 253338 395967 1.299 30.5 1.108 0.629
287 141.48 - 37.79 258606 404202 1.304 31.0 1.111 0.617
294 144.43 - 37.69 263916 412501 1.310 31.5 1.114 0.605
301 147.39 - 37.58 269267 420864 1.316 32.0 1.117 0.592
310 150.38 - 37.48 276594 429291 1.322 32.5 1.121 0.580
315 153.27 - 37.34 280092 437784 1.327 33.0 1.125 0.567
322 156.29 - 37.23 285567 446341 1.333 33.5 1.128 0.555
330 159.34 - 37.12 291084 454964 1.339 34.0 1.132 0.542
337 162.41 - 37.00 296643 463653 1.345 34.5 1.135 0.529
345 165.38 - 36.86 302244 472408 1.350 35.0 1.140 0.517
352 168.48 - 36.73 307888 481229 1.356 35.5 1.143 0.504
360 171.61 - 36.61 313575 490118 1.362 36.0 1.147 0.491
368 174.76 - 36.48 319305 499074 1.368 36.5 1.151 0.478
375 177.93 - 36.36 325078 508098 1.374 37.0 1.155 0.466
384 181.13 - 36.23 330895 517189 1.380 37.5 1.159 0.453
392 184.34 - 36.09 336756 526349 1.386 38.0 1.164 0.441
400 187.57 - 35.96 342660 535578 1.392 38.5 1.168 0.428
409 190.83 - 35.82 348609 544875 1.398 39.0 1.173 0.416
417 194.10 - 35.68 354602 554243 1.404 39.5 1.177 0.404
426 197.40 - 35.53 360640 563680 1.410 40.0 1.182 0.392
CaCl2 mg/litre = mg/litre Cl x 1.56
Correction factor = CorF. x % by volume H20 = % by volume Brine
Percent CaCl2 by weight = 100 x ( PPB CaCl2 / ( PPB CaCl2 + PPB Water))
SODIUM CHLORIDE SALT TABLE
NaCl ~ H20 ~ NaCl ~ Chlorides Vol. inc Crystal.
% Weight SG. PPG Aw
PPB Gal/bbl mg/l mg/l factor point F
1.0 1.007 8.40 3.5 41.87 10070 6108 1.003 0.996 31.0
2.0 1.014 8.46 7.1 41.75 20286 12305 1.006 0.989 30.0
3.0 1.021 8.52 10.7 41.63 30630 18580 1.009 0.983 28.8
4.0 1.029 8.58 14.4 41.46 41144 24958 1.013 0.976 27.7
5.0 1.036 8.64 18.2 41.34 51800 31422 1.016 0.970 26.5
6.0 1.043 8.70 21.9 41.18 62586 37965 1.020 0.964 25.3
7.0 1.050 8.76 25.8 41.02 73500 44585 1.024 0.957 24.1
8.0 1.058 8.82 29.7 40.86 84624 51333 1.028 0.950 22.9
9.0 1.065 8.88 33.6 40.70 95850 58143 1.032 0.943 21.5
10.0 1.073 8.95 37.6 40.54 107260 65064 1.036 0.935 20.2
11.0 1.080 9.01 41.6 40.38 118800 72064 1.040 0.927 18.8
12.0 1.088 9.07 45.7 40.19 130512 79169 1.045 0.992 17.3
13.0 1.095 9.13 49.9 40.00 142350 86350 1.050 0.910 15.7
14.0 1.103 9.20 54.1 39.85 154392 93654 1.054 0.901 14.1
15.0 1.111 9.27 58.4 39.66 166650 101090 1.059 0.892 12.4
16.0 1.118 9.32 62.7 39.44 178912 108528 1.065 0.882 10.6
17.0 1.126 9.39 67.1 39.25 191420 116115 1.070 0.872 8.7
18.0 1.134 9.46 71.5 39.03 204102 123808 1.076 0.861 6.7
19.0 1.142 9.52 76 38.85 216980 131620 1.081 0.850 4.6
20.0 1.150 9.59 80.6 38.64 229960 139494 1.087 0.839 2.4
21.0 1.158 9.66 85.2 38.43 243180 147513 1.093 0.827 0.0
22.0 1.166 9.72 89.9 38.22 256520 155605 1.099 0.815 -2.5
23.0 1.174 9.79 94.6 37.97 270020 163794 1.106 0.802 -5.2
24.0 1.183 9.87 99.5 37.74 283800 172153 1.113 0.788 1.4
25.0 1.191 9.93 104.4 37.50 297750 180615 1.120 0.774 15.0
26.0 1.199 10.00 109.3 37.27 311818 189149 1.127 0.759 25.0
Formulas
Salt (lbs/bb water) = Volume increase factor x NaCl (ppb)
Specific Gravity = 1.0036(0.99707 + (0.006504 x %wt NaCl)+(0.00004395 x %wt NaCl squared)
Volume increase Factor = 1.00045+ (0.00272232 x %wt NaCl)+(0.0000815591 x %wtNaCl squared)
Aw = 0.99755 - (0.0043547 x %wt NaCl) - (0.00018205 x %wt NaCl squared)

Metric Conversions
NaCl (g/l) = NaCl (ppb) x 2.85714
H2O (ml/L) = H20 (gal/bbl) x 23.8086
NaCl (ppm) = % wt x 10000
mg/l = ppm x specific gravity
Cl (mg/L) = NaCl (mg/L) x 0.6066
NaCl (mg/L) = Cl x 1.65
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE SALT TABLE
H20 ~ Chlorides Vol. inc Crystal.
% Weight SG. PPG KCl ~ PPB KCl ~ mg/l
Gal/bbl mg/l factor point F
1.0 1.005 8.37 3.5 41.80 10000 4756 1.005 31.2
2.0 1.011 8.42 7.1 41.60 20200 9606 1.009 30.3
3.0 1.017 8.47 10.7 41.40 30500 14506 1.013 29.5
4.0 1.024 8.53 14.4 41.30 41000 19499 1.017 28.6
5.0 1.030 8.59 18.1 41.10 51500 24493 1.022 27.8
6.0 1.037 8.64 21.8 40.90 62200 29582 1.026 26.9
7.0 1.044 8.69 25.6 40.70 73000 34718 1.031 26.1
8.0 1.050 8.75 29.4 40.50 84000 39950 1.035 25.2
9.0 1.057 8.80 33.3 40.40 95100 45229 1.039 24.3
10.0 1.063 8.86 37.3 40.20 106300 50556 1.045 23.4
11.0 1.070 8.90 41.2 40.00 117700 55977 1.050 22.4
12.0 1.077 8.97 45.3 39.80 129200 61447 1.055 21.4
13.0 1.084 9.03 49.4 39.60 140900 67011 1.061 20.4
14.0 1.091 9.08 53.5 39.40 152700 72623 1.066 19.4
15.0 1.097 9.12 57.6 39.10 164600 78282 1.072 18.5
16.0 1.104 9.20 61.9 38.90 176700 84038 1.078 17.0
17.0 1.111 9.26 66.1 38.70 188900 89840 1.084 16.0
18.0 1.119 9.32 70.5 38.50 201300 95737 1.090 15.0
19.0 1.126 9.38 74.9 38.30 213900 101730 1.097 14.0
20.0 1.133 9.44 79.3 38.00 226600 107770 1.104 13.0
21.0 1.140 9.51 83.9 37.80 239500 114000 1.111 22.0
22.0 1.147 9.56 88.4 37.60 252400 120040 1.117 34.0
23.0 1.155 9.64 93.1 37.40 265700 126473 1.125 48.0
24.0 1.162 9.68 97.7 37.10 278900 132643 1.132 59.0
Formulas
Salt (lbs/bb water) = Volume increase factor x KCl (ppb)
Specific Gravity = 1.00056 + 1.22832 (10-6) Cl (mg/L)
Volume increase Factor = 1 + (2.775 x 10-7)(Cl)1.105

Metric Conversions
KCl (g/l) = KCl (ppb) x 2.85714
H2O (ml/L) = H20 (gal/bbl) x 23.8086
KCl (ppm) = % wt x 10000
mg/l = ppm x specific gravity
Cl (mg/L) = KCl (mg/L) x 0.476
KCl (mg/L) = Cl x 2.101
K+ (mg/L) = Cl (mg/L) x 1.103
Cl (mg/L) = K+ (mg/L) x 0.907
CULATIONS
p at 50°C while

6.2
21.7
1.55
21.9
1.57
0.02
0.503
ATER PHASE SALINITY
48000
4.8
25
186416

mmon Chemical Formulas


Al2O3
BaSO4
BaCO3
Ba(OH)2
CaCO4
CaCl
CaO
NaOH
CaSO4
HCl
H2S
Ca(OH)2
Mg(OH)2
MgO
HNO3
Na6P4O13
KCl
Na2H2P2O7
SiO2

3.21
1,2-1,5
2.53
1.50
2.17
1.50
1.60
0.61
1.60
1.70
0,91-0,95
1.05
1.012
0.900
1.000
1.000
1.70
1.80
1.30
2.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.040
3.90
Input data in cells with yellow background. Cells with red text are output only

Slip Velocity 2.35 ft/min 0.72

Diameter of the drillied cuttings in inches 0.35 in


Density of fluid 10 lb/gal
Density of particle 21.7 lb/gal
Annular Velocity 364 ft/min
YP 19 lb/100ft2
PV 30 cp
Hole Diameter 12.25 in
OD Pipe 5 in

Cuttings transport efficiency, % (Vertical Holes) 99.35 %

Shale SG 2.4
Sand SG 2.6

Velocity
m/sec 117.1
ft/sec 384.21
m/min