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Health Problem Objectives Content Method Resources

Urinary Tract At the end of the Health

Infection Teaching, the client will
be able to:

Understand what is A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection that affects any part of the Active Visual
Urinary Tract Infection urinary tract. The main etiologic agent is Escherichia coli. Although urine contains a Participation Aids
variety of fluids, salts, and waste products, it does not usually have bacteria in it.[1] (interview. Time and
When bacteria get into the bladder or kidney and multiply in the urine, they may Open Effort
cause a UTI.Although they cause discomfort, urinary tract infections can usually be discussion)
easily treated with a short course of antibiotics.[2] Symptoms include frequent feeling
and/or need to urinate, pain during urination, and cloudy urine.[3]

a. Escherichia coli - is a rod-shaped bacterium that is commonly found in the lower

intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

Determine the cause Discuss the causes and risk factors of UTI Discussion Visual
and risk factors of a. excessive intake of sodium (salt) with the Aids
Urinary Tract Infection b. poor hygiene particularly in the perineal area client Time and
c. insufficient fluid intake Effort
d. inability to empty the bladder completely
e. inflammation of the urethra
f. diabetes mellitus
g. use of harsh soap in the perineal area
Enumerate the possible Enumerate the complications Active Visual
complications of the a. painful urination Participation Aids
disease condition b. fever Time and
c. difficult urination Effort
d. diarrhea
e. loss of appetite
f. nausea
g. vomiting
h. abdominal pain, or incontinence

Discuss the ways to Discuss the preventive measures Active Visual

prevent the recurrence a. increase fluid intake Participation Aids
of UTI b. decrease sodium intake Time and
c. practice voiding every 2-4 hours Effort
d. observe proper perineal hygiene
e. use of cotton underwear
f. avoid using harsh soap
g. use of feminine wash
Method Resources
Health Problem Objectives Content

Goiter At the end of the Health A goitre or goiter (Latin gutteria, struma), also called a bronchocele, is a swelling in the Open Visual Aids
Teaching, the client will thyroid gland, which can lead to a swelling of the neck or larynx (voice box). Goitre Discussion Time and
be able to: usually occurs when the thyroid gland is not functioning properly. with the Effort
Understand what is
goiter Discuss the importance of iodized salt Open Visual Aids
a. rich in iodine- The higher recommended daily allowance levels of iodine seem Discussion Time and
necessary for optimal function of a number of body systems, including lactating Effort
breast, gastric mucosa, salivary glands, oral mucosa, thymus, epidermis, choroid
plexus, etc. The high iodide-concentration of thymus tissue in particular suggests
Use of iodized salt as an anatomical rationale for this role of iodine in the immune system. The trophic,
substitute for rock salt antioxidant and apoptosis-inductor actions and the presumed anti-tumour activity
of iodides has been suggested to also be important for prevention of oral and
salivary glands diseases.
b. Good for thyroid gland- Iodised salt (also spelled iodized salt) is table salt
mixed with a minute amount of various iodine-containing salts. The ingestion of
iodide prevents iodine deficiency. Worldwide, iodine deficiency affects about two
billion people and is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation.[1] It also
causes thyroid gland problems, including endemic goiter. odine is a micronutrient
that is naturally present in the food supply in many regions. However, where
natural levels of iodine in the soil are low and the iodine is not taken up by
vegetables, iodine added to salt provides the small but essential amount needed by
humans.Iodide-treated table salt slowly loses its iodine content by oxidation to
elemental iodine and evaporation, if exposed to excess air.

Prepare a high iodine Discuss the benefits in sea foods that could help prevent occurrence of goiter Open Visual Aids
content meal such as a. Iodine is an important trace mineral found most likely in sea foods, which is Discussion Time and
seafood. required in sufficient quantities for the proper mental and physical growth of the Effort
body. Iodine is required in small amounts for the synthesis of thyroid hormone,
like triodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). It is also required for strengthening
the immune system. Most of the iodine content in the body is situated in the
thyroid gland and the rest of it gets dispersed to other locations in the body, such
as, blood, salivary glands, mammary glands, etc.
Health Problem Objectives Content Method Resources

Presence of At the end of the Health

breeding place Teaching, the client will
for mosquitoes be able to:

Determine the possible Discuss the possible disease that would occur Open Visual Aids
disease that would occur a. Dengue Discussion Time and
and to understand the b. Malaria Effort
nature of these diseases c. West Nile Virus
d. Yellow fever

Recognize the causative Discuss the causative agents of the disease Open Visual Aids
agents of the disease Dengue( vector : aedes aegypti) Discussion Time and
a. Dengue Virus types 1,2,3,4 Effort
b. Chikungunya Virus
a. Plasmodium falcifarum
b. P. vivax
c. P. ovale
d. P. malariae
West Nile Virus
a. Flaviviridae
Yellow fever(vector : aedes aegypti)
a. Flaviviridae

Open Visual Aids

Determine the ways of Ways of prevention Discussion Time and
prevention a. cover stagnant water containers Effort
b. place rubber tires in upside down position
c. observe 4 o’clock habit
d. proper environmental sanitation
e. use of mosquito nets when you sleep
f. proper waste management
Open Visual Aids
Implement the discuss the proper environmental sanitation Discussion Time and
environmental sanitation a. avoid storing uncovered containers Effort
and observe the 4 b. proper environmental control
o’clock habit c. proper waste disposal
d. 4 o’clock habit