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Section 20. Duties of attorneys.

— It is the duty of an attorney: permits, to the end that no person may be deprived of life or
liberty, but by due process of law.
(a) To maintain allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines
and to support the Constitution and obey the laws of the Section 21. Authority of attorney to appear. — an attorney is
Philippines. presumed to be properly authorized to represent any cause in which he
appears, and no written power of attorney is required to authorize him
(b) To observe and maintain the respect due to the courts of to appear in court for his client, but the presiding judge may, on
justice and judicial officers; motion of either party and on reasonable grounds therefor being
shown, require any attorney who assumes the right to appear in a case
(c) To counsel or maintain such actions or proceedings only as to produce or prove the authority under which he appears, and to
appear to him to be just, and such defenses only as he believes disclose, whenever pertinent to any issue, the name of the person who
to be honestly debatable under the law. employed him, and may thereupon make such order as justice requires.
An attorneys wilfully appear in court for a person without being
(d) To employ, for the purpose of maintaining the causes employed, unless by leave of the court, may be punished for contempt
confided to him, such means only as are consistent with truth as an officer of the court who has misbehaved in his official
and honor, and never seek to mislead the judge or any judicial transactions.
officer by an artifice or false statement of fact or law;
Section 22. Attorney who appears in lower court presumed to
(e) To maintain inviolate the confidence, and at every peril to represent client on appeal. — An attorney who appears de parte in a
himself, to preserve the secrets of his client, and to accept no case before a lower court shall be presumed to continue representing
compensation in connection with his client's business except his client on appeal, unless he files a formal petition withdrawing his
from him or with his knowledge and approval; appearance in the appellate court.

(f) To abstain from all offensive personality and to advance no Section 23. Authority of attorneys to bind clients. — Attorneys have
fact prejudicial to the honor or reputation of a party or witness, authority to bind their clients in any case by any agreement in relation
unless required by the justice of the cause with which he is thereto made in writing, and in taking appeals, and in all matters of
charged; ordinary judicial procedure. But they cannot, without special authority,
compromise their client's litigation, or receive anything in discharge of
(g) Not to encourage either the commencement or the a client's claim but the full amount in cash.
continuance of an action or proceeding, or delay any man's
cause, from any corrupt motive or interest; Section 24. Compensation of attorneys; agreement as to fees. — An
attorney shall be entitled to have and recover from his client no more
(h) Never to reject, for any consideration personal to himself, than a reasonable compensation for his services, with a view to the
the cause of the defenseless or oppressed; importance of the subject matter of the controversy, the extent of the
services rendered, and the professional standing of the attorney. No
(i) In the defense of a person accused of crime, by all fair and court shall be bound by the opinion of attorneys as expert witnesses as
honorable means, regardless of his personal opinion as to the to the proper compensation, but may disregard such testimony and
guilt of the accused, to present every defense that the law base its conclusion on its own professional knowledge. A written
contract for services shall control the amount to be paid therefor unless Section 33. Standing in court of person authorized to appear for
found by the court to be unconscionable or unreasonable. Government. — Any official or other person appointed or designated
in accordance with law to appear for the Government of the
Section 25. Unlawful retention of client's funds; contempt. — When Philippines shall have all the rights of a duly authorized member of the
an attorney unjustly retains in his hands money of his client after it has bar to appear in any case in which said government has an interest
been demanded, he may be punished for contempt as an officer of the direct or indirect.
Court who has misbehaved in his official transactions; but proceedings
under this section shall not be a bar to a criminal prosecution. Section 34. By whom litigation conducted. — In the court of a justice
of the peace a party may conduct his litigation in person, with the aid
Section 26. Change of attorneys. — An attorney may retire at any time of an agent or friend appointed by him for the purpose, or with the aid
from any action or special proceeding, by the written consent of his an attorney. In any other court, a party may conduct his litigation
client filed in court. He may also retire at any time from an action or personally or by aid of an attorney, and his appearance must be either
special proceeding, without the consent of his client, should the court, personal or by a duly authorized member of the bar.
on notice to the client and attorney, and on hearing, determine that he
ought to be allowed to retire. In case of substitution, the name of the Section 35. Certain attorneys not to practice. — No judge or other
attorney newly employed shall be entered on the docket of the court in official or employee of the superior courts or of the Office of the
place of the former one, and written notice of the change shall be given Solicitor General, shall engage in private practice as a member of the
to the advance party. bar or give professional advice to clients.

Section 31. Attorneys for destitute litigants. — A court may assign an Section 36. Amicus Curiae. — Experienced and impartial attorneys
attorney to render professional aid free of charge to any party in a case, may be invited by the Court to appear as amici curiae to help in the
if upon investigation it appears that the party is destitute and unable to disposition of issues submitted to it.
employ an attorney, and that the services of counsel are necessary to
secure the ends of justice and to protect the rights of the party. It shall Section 37. Attorneys' liens. — An attorney shall have a lien upon the
be the duty of the attorney so assigned to render the required service, funds, documents and papers of his client which have lawfully come
unless he is excused therefrom by the court for sufficient cause shown. into his possession and may retain the same until his lawful fees and
disbursements have been paid, and may apply such funds to the
Section 32. Compensation for attorneys de oficio. — Subject to satisfaction thereof. He shall also have a lien to the same extent upon
availability of funds as may be provided by the law the court may, in all judgments for the payment of money, and executions issued in
its discretion, order an attorney employed as counsel de oficio to be pursuance of such judgments, which he has secured in a litigation of
compensates in such sum as the court may fix in accordance with his client, from and after the time when he shall have the caused a
section 24 of this rule. Whenever such compensation is allowed, it statement of his claim of such lien to be entered upon the records of
shall be not less than thirty pesos (P30) in any case, nor more than the the court rendering such judgment, or issuing such execution, and shall
following amounts: (1) Fifty pesos (P50) in light felonies; (2) One have the caused written notice thereof to be delivered to his client and
hundred pesos (P100) in less grave felonies; (3) Two hundred pesos to the adverse paty; and he shall have the same right and power over
(P200) in grave felonies other than capital offenses; (4) Five Hundred such judgments and executions as his client would have to enforce his
pesos (P500) in capital offenses. lien and secure the payment of his just fees and disbursements.