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# A.

## PERFECTLY INELASTIC COLLISIONS

1. A girl, mass 70.0 kg, is running 3.0 m/s east when she jumps onto a stationary
skateboard, mass 2.0 kg. What is the velocity of the girl and skateboard assuming they
move off together?

2. A wrestler is standing at rest. Another wrestler, running at 5.0 m/s, grabs him and holds
onto him, and the two move off together with a velocity of 2.7 m/s in the same direction
in which the second wrestler was running. If the mass of the second wrestler is 100 kg,
what is the mass of the first wrestler?

3. A 1 kg glider and a 3 kg glider both slide toward each other at 1 m/s on an air track.
They collide and stick. What will be the speed of the combined mass?

4. EXTRA CREDIT: A bullet of mass, "m," is being fired with a velocity, "v," into a
block of mass, "M." Find the loss in kinetic energy of the system in terms of variables
given above.

5. EXTRA CREDIT: A 6.00 g bullet is fired horizontally into a 1.50 kg wooden block
resting on a horizontal surface. The coefficient of kinetic friction between block and
surface is 0.30. The bullet remains embedded in the block, which is observed to slide 0.25
m along the surface before stopping. What was the initial speed of the bullet?

6. EXTRA CREDIT: A bullet with mass 8.00 g is fired into a block with mass 0.914 kg.
The block rests on a frictionless, horizontal surface and is attached to a coil spring. The
spring 15.0 cm after the impact. The spring was found to compress 0.230 cm when a
0.750 N force was applied.
(a) Find the magnitude of the block's velocity just after impact.
(b) What was the initial speed of the bullet?

7. EXTRA CREDIT:
a. Find the speed at which a super hero (mass=76.0 kg) must fly into a train (mass =
19537 kg) traveling at 65.0 km/hr to stop it.
b. Calculate the time the super hero must take to stop the train, if the passengers
experience an average horizontal force of 0.550 their own weight.

8. EXTRA CREDIT:
A boy weighing 140 pounds traveling at a speed of 15 mph collides head-on with a boy
weighing 130 pounds traveling at 12 mph. If the impact lasted 2 s, how much force is
exerted?
B. INELASTIC or ELASTIC COLLISIONS

1. A toy truck, with mass 20.0 g, travels along a level tabletop at 0.50 m/s. A miniature
car, with mass 5.00 g, speeds headlong toward the toy truck at 0.75 m/s. Immediately
after the collision, the toy truck continues in its original direction at 0.10 m/s. What is the
velocity of the miniature car?

2. A 1kg ball moving at a speed of 10 m/s in the positive x direction collides head on with
a 2 kg ball at rest. What are the velocities of the 1kg and 2 kg ball after the collision?

3. An 74.5 kg object moving to the right at 34.3 cm/sec overtakes and collides elastically
with a second 55.8 kg object moving in the same direction at 16.7 cm/s. Find the velocity
of the second object after the collision.

4. In an inelastic collision, is the final total momentum more, less, or the same as the
initial momentum?

5. A 1700 kg car is moving 21 m/s [west], and a 3400 kg truck is traveling 14 m/s [east].
Find the total momentum of the system.

6. A 0.4-kg mass traveling 3 m/s hits a 0.6-kg mass initially at rest. Find the speed of the
0.4-kg mass if the speed of the 0.6-kg mass after the collision is 2.4 m/s. Is this collision
an elastic collision or an inelastic collision?

7. EXTRA CREDIT: Consider elastic collisions between neutrons (1 amu) and deuterons
(2 amu).
(a) What is the speed of a neutron, expressed as a fraction of its original speed, after a
head-on collision with a deuteron which is initially at rest?
(b) What is its kinetic energy, expressed as a fraction of its original kinetic energy?
(c) How many such successive collisions will reduce the speed of a neutron to 1/27 of its
original value?

C. EXPLOSIONS

1. A boy, mass 70.0 kg, riding a skateboard, mass 2.0 kg, is traveling 3.0 m/s east when
he attempts to jump forward from his skateboard. If his velocity immediately after
leaving the skateboard is 3.1 m/s east, what is the velocity of the skateboard?

## 2. EXTRA CREDIT: A 232 Th (thorium) nucleus at rest decays to a 228 Ra (radon)

nucleus with the emission of an alpha particle. The total kinetic energy of the decay
fragments is 6.54 x 10-3 J. An alpha particle has 1.76% of the mass of a 228 Ra nucleus.
a) Calculate the kinetic energy of the recoiling 228 Ra nucleus.
b) Calculate the kinetic energy of the alpha particle.
3. A child in a boat throws a 6.4 kg package out horizontally with a speed of 10 m/s.
Calculate the velocity of the boat immediately after, assuming it was initially at rest. The
mass of the child is 26 kg and that of the boat is 45 kg.

## 4. A 30.5 kg girl is standing on a 90 kg crate. The crate is at rest on a frictionless

conveyer belt. When the girl walks on the crate at a constant 2.17 m/s to right relative to
crate, what is her velocity relative to the conveyer belt?

5. EXTRA CREDIT: A 13.8 kg block and a 25.3 kg block are resting on a horizontal
frictionless surface. Between the two is a spring (spring constant = 1620 N/m). The
spring is compressed by 0.143 m. With what speed does each block move when the
system is released?

6. A 11.9 kg gun at rest contains a 0.0018 kg bullet. When fired, the bullet leaves the gun
with a forward velocity of 290 m/s. What is the recoil velocity of the gun in m/s?

7. A 160 pound man jumps off an 800 pound raft, travels 15 ft horizontally, and lands in
the water. What maximum distance separates the man and the raft when he hits the water?

REVIEW

## a) What impulse did he deliver to the ball?

b) If the duration of impact is 0.01 seconds, what was the average force of
impact?

2. During an automobile crash test, a 1000 kg car is sent towards a cement wall at a speed
of 14 m/sec and is brought to a stop in 0.08 seconds. What was the average force of the
car on the wall?

3. Two children, totaling 200 kg, are traveling at 10 m/sec in a 100-kg bumper car during
an amusement park ride. They deliberately collide with an empty second car, mass 100
kg, which is at rest. Afterwards, the car with the two children moves off at a speed of 4.0
m/sec. What is the final velocity of the empty car?

4. James, a 65-kg skin diver, shoots a 2.0-kg spear with a speed of 15 m/sec at a fish
which is darting past him. How fast does James recoil when the spear is initially
released?

5. Running at 2 m/sec, Jack, the 45-kg quarterback, collides with Leon, the 90-kg tackle,
who is traveling towards him at 7.0 m/sec. Upon colliding, Leon continues to travel
forward towards Jack, at 1.0 m/sec. How fast is Jack knocked backwards?

6. A 620-kg moose stands in the middle of the railroad tracks in Sweden, frozen by the
lights of an oncoming 10,000-kg locomotive traveling at 10 m/sec. Even though the
engineer attempted in vain to slow the train down in time to avoid hitting the moose, the
moose rides down the remaining track sitting on the locomotive's cowcatcher. What is the
final velocity of the locomotive and moose after the collision?

7. On a hot summer day, Jack and Leon are fishing in their boat, when they decide to jump
into the water to cool off. Jack, 45-kg, jumps off the front of the boat with a speed of 2
m/sec. While at the exact same moment, Leon, 90-kg, jumps out of the back of the boat at
a speed of 4 m/sec. If the boat has a mass of 100 kg and was at rest prior to the two boys
jumping off, what will be its velocity just after both boys have abandoned
ship?

graph.

## 10. Determine the change in the object's momentum.

11. If the object's original velocity was -10 m/sec, calculate its final velocity.

12. What was the magnitude of the "average force" acting on the object during the time
graphed?

## Refer to the following information for the next three questions.

A 10-gram bullet moving at 250 m/sec bores through a piece of lucite 2.0 cm thick and
emerges out the other side at 200 m/sec.
13. How much did the bullet's momentum change as it moved through the
lucite?

14. If the bullet takes 0.00025 seconds to travel through the lucite, what is the average
force exerted on the bullet by the lucite?

15. What acceleration did the bullet experience while traveling through the
lucite?

## Refer to the following information for the next five questions.

During target practice, a man shoots a 7-gram bullet with a horizontal velocity of 150
m/sec directly at a 3-kg pumpkin sitting on a post.
16. If the bullet embeds in the pumpkin, how fast will the pumpkin be knocked off the
post?

## ***EXTRA CREDIT 17-20

17. If the post is 1 meter tall, how much time will it take the pumpkin to strike the
ground?

18. How far from the base of the post will the pumpkin strike the ground?

19. What will be the pumpkin's resultant impact velocity just as it strikes the
ground?

20. If the dirt where the pumpkin strikes the ground offers an average resisting force of
750 N, how deep of a "dent" will the pumpkin make upon impact as it is being brought
to a rest?