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RACH Overload Protection

Contents
1 Introduction
1.1 Basic Characteristics
1.2 Benefits

2 Feature Operational Description


2.1 Network Requirements

3 Parameters
3.1 Introduced Parameters
3.2 Affected Parameters

4 Network Impact
4.1 Subscriber Capacity
4.2 Network Performance
4.3 Hardware
4.4 Inter-Node Interface
4.5 Other Network Elements

5 Associated Features and Affected Functions


5.1 Prerequisite Features
5.2 Affected Features
5.3 Related Features
5.4 Affected System Functions

6 Performance
6.1 KPIs
6.2 Counters
6.3 Events

7 Operation and Maintenance


7.1 Activate the Feature
7.2 Deactivate the Feature
7.3 Engineering Guidelines

1 Introduction
This document describes the RACH Overload Protection feature and its main benefits and
impacts in the WCDMA RAN.

With this feature, when the User Equipment (UE) upswitches from UTRAN Registration
Area_Paging Channel (URA_PCH) because of Packet Switched (PS) data request, the
admission control mechanism is enhanced to improve the use efficiency of common
channels resources.
1.1 Basic Characteristics
This section describes the basic characteristics of the feature.

Feature FAJ 121 4244: RACH Overload Protection


identity:

Release: Introduced in W15.1

Dependencies

This feature requires the following RAN features to be active:

 FAJ 121 407: UTRAN Registration Area Handling

This feature affects the following RAN features:

 FAJ 121 1496: Faster Establishment, Direct Upswitch from URA

1.2 Benefits
This section describes the benefits of this feature.

The following benefits can be achieved:

 The accessibility of CS and PS in overloaded cells is increased.


 The risk of cell congestion is reduced.

2 Feature Operational Description


This section describes the RACH Overload Protection feature in more detail, including
network configuration requirements and operation flows.

The feature uses the Capacity Management functionality to perform admission


evaluation. The admission evaluation is performed in the following ways:

 If the admission limit is reached, the upswitch is rejected directly without


triggering soft congestion. The RNC replies the CELL UPDATE CONFIRM
message to the UE, with the "Wait time" Information Element (IE) set to 15
seconds and the "RRC State Indicator" IE set to URA_PCH state.
 If the admission is passed, the UE continues with the upswitch to CELL_FACH.

2.1 Network Requirements


Confirm that the following network requirements are fulfilled at feature activation:

 The license key of the FAJ 121 4244: RACH Overload Protection is installed.
 The FAJ 121 407: UTRAN Registration Area Handling feature is activated.
 The cell is HS capable.
The feature is only applicable to the UE that complies with 3GPP Rel-7 or later and
supports the optional IE "Wait time" in the CELL UPDATE CONFIRM message.

3 Parameters
This section describes parameters introduced by the RACH Overload Protection feature
and parameters affected by activating the feature.

3.1 Introduced Parameters


Table 1 describes the parameters introduced by the feature.

Table 1 Introduced Parameters


Parameter Description
UtranCell::rachOverloadProtect Enabling method of the RACH Overload Protection feature for the cell
Paging::noOfPagingRecordTransmUtran Number of the preconfigured subsequent transmissions of the same
UTRAN initiated paging record

3.2 Affected Parameters


Table 2 describes the parameters affected by the feature.

Table 2 Affected Parameters


Parameter Description
Paging::noOfPagingRecordTransm This parameter is modified to control the number of paging occasions
for CN initiated paging.

4 Network Impact
This section describes how the RACH Overload Protection feature impacts the network
functions and capabilities.

4.1 Subscriber Capacity


No feature-specific information is identified.

4.2 Network Performance


This section provides information on the impact of the feature on network performance.

With this feature, the following network performance can be observed:

 The user number in URA_PCH state can be increased, while the number in
CELL_FACH can be decreased.
 The system throughput of FACH and RACH can be decreased.
 The system throughput of EUL and HS can be increased.
 The success rate of upswitching from URA_PCH state can be decreased.

4.3 Hardware
No feature-specific information is identified.

4.4 Inter-Node Interface


No feature-specific information is identified.

4.5 Other Network Elements


This section provides information on the impact of the feature on other network
elements.

This feature only takes effect on Rel-7 or later UE that supports "Wait time" in the RRC
message CELL UPDATE CONFIRM.

5 Associated Features and Affected Functions


This section describes how the RACH Overload Protection feature affects other features
and functions.

5.1 Prerequisite Features


Table 3 lists prerequisite features to the RACH Overload Protection feature, that is, they
must be active prior to introducing the RACH Overload Protection feature.

Table 3 Prerequisite Features


Feature Description
UTRAN Registration Area Handling With this feature, the use of URA is introduced and having the UE
in URA_PCH state is supported. For more information about this
feature, refer to System Description.

5.2 Affected Features


Table 4 lists features that are affected by the RACH Overload Protection feature.

Table 4 Affected Features


Feature Description
Faster Establishment, Direct Upswitch With the RACH Overload Protection enabled, the same admission
from URA evaluation applies to the FAJ 121 1496: Faster Establishment, Direct
Upswitch from URA feature. Furthermore, the direct upswitch from
URA_PCH can be triggered more frequently.

5.3 Related Features


This feature is not related to any other feature.

5.4 Affected System Functions


Table 5 lists functions affected by the RACH Overload Protection feature.
Table 5 Affected System Functions
Function Description
Capacity Management This feature uses the Capacity Management functionality to perform admission
evaluation when the UE upswitches from URA_PCH because of PS data request.
Channel Switching With this feature, the admission evaluation mechanism is enhanced when the UE
upswitches from URA_PCH because of PS data request.
Idle Mode and Common With this feature, the number of times the WCDMA RAN transmits the paging
Channel Behavior information to the UE is determined by the configurable parameter
noOfPagingRecordTransm or noOfPagingRecordTransmUtran.
Licenses and Hardware A new license is added for this feature.
Activation Codes

6 Performance
This section describes performance indicators, counters, and events associated with the
RACH Overload Protection feature.

6.1 KPIs
This feature has no associated Key Performance Indicators (KPIs).

6.2 Counters
Table 6 lists the counters introduced by the RACH Overload Protection feature.

Table 6 Counters
Counter Description
UtranCell::pmChSwitchFailUraFachAdm Number of attempts failed because of admission control, when
performing channel upswitch from URA_PCH to CELL_FACH

The channel switch rejection rate because of admission can be


monitored by calculating the formula 100% ×
(pmChSwitchFailUraFachAdm/ pmChSwitchAttemptUraFach).

More information about counters can be found in Managed Object Model RNC and
Managed Object Model RBS.

6.3 Events
Table 7 lists the events associated with the RACH Overload Protection feature.

Table 7 Events
Event Event Parameter Description
INTERNAL_CHANNEL_SWITCHING EVENT_PARAM_EXCEPTION_CLASS With the feature
activated, the existing
EVENT_VALUE_RN_DL_RESOURCE_AVAILABILITY GPEH event with the
EVENT_PARAM_CAUSE_VALUE indicated parameters
and values can be
generated.
EVENT_VALUE_CELL_RESOURCES_NOT_AVAILABLE
EVENT_PARAM_EXTENDED_CAUSE_VALUE

EVENT_VALUE_EXTENDED_CAUSE_VALUE_NOT_APPLICABLE
More information about events can be found in General Performance Event Handling RBS
and General Performance Event Handling RNC.

7 Operation and Maintenance


This section provides Operation and Maintenance (O&M) information for the RACH
Overload Protection feature.

7.1 Activate the Feature

7.1.1 Preconditions

The FAJ 121 407: UTRAN Registration Area Handling feature must be activated before
the activation of the FAJ 121 4244: RACH Overload Protection feature.

7.1.2 Activate the Feature

To activate the feature, do the following:

 Order and install the license key CXC 403 0179 for the FAJ 121 4244: RACH
Overload Protection feature.
 To activate the feature on RNC level, set the featureState attribute to
ACTIVATED in the RncFeature=RachOverloadProtection Managed Object
(MO).
 To activate the feature on UtranCell level, set the
UtranCell::rachOverloadProtect attribute to UL_PROTECTION or
UL_DL_PROTECTION.

For more information about licenses, refer to Licenses and Hardware Activation Codes.

7.2 Deactivate the Feature

7.2.1 Preconditions

7.2.2 Deactivate the Feature

To deactivate the feature, do the following:

 To deactivate the feature on RNC level, set the featureState attribute to


DEACTIVATED in the RncFeature=RachOverloadProtection MO.
 To deactivate the feature on UtranCell level, set the
UtranCell::rachOverloadProtect attribute to DISABLED.

For more information about licenses, refer to Licenses and Hardware Activation Codes.

7.3 Engineering Guidelines


No feature-specific engineering guidelines have been identified