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APPENDIX X

LINE SIZING CALCULATION NOTE


APPENDIX CONTENTS
1. BASIS
The basis used to perform the line sizing calculations are:
 Design margin for piping is 0% (on pressure drop) ref [6]
 Pipe straigth length for all calculation is 100 ft (30 m)

1.1. SOFTWARE
The software used in the calculation are:
HYSYS Process Simulation – To estimate fluid properties as input for line sizing calculation.
In house line sizing spreadsheet – Based on API 14E and GPSA calculation methodology to estimate
the piping pressure drop, velocity and the erosional velocity

1.2. FLUID COMPOSITION


The fluid composition used for modeling the fluid stream in the HYSYS process simulation is
extracted from Heat and Material Balance ref [4] and ref [5].

1.3. FLUID PROPERTIES


The fluid properties used in the process line sizing calculations are extracted from process
simulation. The fluid properties and operating condition of the lines reviewed are summarized in the
Table 1.1
Table 1.1 Fluid Properties of Two Phase Lines
Flow
Viscosity Mass
Temperature Pressure
No. Line Number Drawing Number Line Description MW Density Case
(ºC) (barg) Total Gas Liquid
(Cp) (Kg/m3)
(Kg/h) (MMscfd) (BPD)

XX-P-0404-151430X-ET- Well Head (W-0110) to


1 BTJT-A- B-1004 75.00 29.59 31173 8.647 2000 29.25 - 77.65 Note-1
40 FCV-0410

XX-P-0409-151430X-ET- Well Head (W-0140) to


2 BTJT-A- B-1007 75.00 10.34 82360 15.82 6000 32.35 - 41.06 1
40 FCV-0440

XX-P-0405-151430X-ET- Well Head (W-0120) to


3 BTJT-A- B-1005 71.00 10.34 110200 29.96 7021 31.05 - 29.76 1
40 FCV-0420

XX-P-0408-151430X-ET- Well Head (W-0190) to


4 BTJT-A- B-1006 72.00 10.34 22230 4.02 1655 32.44 - 43.88 1
40 FCV-0490

XX-P-0412-151430X-ET- Well Head (W-0150) to


5 BTJT-A- B-1008 74.00 10.34 29190 5.34 2162 32.47 - 43.17 1
40 FCV-0450

XX-P-0402/0403- BTJT-A- B-1004 FCV-0410 to


6 67.64 9.3 31173 9.053 1839 29.25 - 25.46 Note-1
91430X-ET-40 BTJT-A- B-1009 Production/Test Manifold

XX-P-0415/0416-91430X BTJT-A-B-1007 FCV-0440 to


7 74.33 9.3 82360 15.89 6260 32.35 - 37.14 1
-ET-40 BTJT-A- B-1009 Production/Test Manifold

XX-P-0406/0407-91430X BTJT-A- B-1005 FCV-0420 to


8 70.22 9.3 110200 30.05 7294 31.05 - 26.94 1
-ET-40 BTJT-A- B-1009 Production/Test Manifold

XX-P-0410/0411-91430X BTJT-A- B-1006 FCV-0490 to


9 71.39 9.3 22230 4.04 1723 32.44 - 39.70 1
-ET-40 BTJT-A- B-1009 Production/Test Manifold

XX-PG-0423/0424- BTJT-A- B-1008 FCV-0450 to


10 73.36 9.3 29190 5.36 2254 32.47 - 39.04 1
91430X -ET-40 BTJT-A- B-1009 Production/Test Manifold

XX-P-0437-91430X-ET- BTJT-A- B-1009


11 Test Manifold Line 70.22 9.3 120100 24.70 8378 31.55 - 29.41 1
40 BTJT-A- B-1014

XX-P-0448-31430X-ET- XX-P-0437-91430X-ET-40 to
12 BTJT-A- B-1014 70.22 9.3 120100 24.70 8378 31.55 - 29.41 1
40 Test Separator (V-1010)
Flow
Viscosity Mass
Temperature Pressure
No. Line Number Drawing Number Line Description MW Density Case
(ºC) (barg) Total Gas Liquid
(Cp) (Kg/m3)
(Kg/h) (MMscfd) (BPD)

XX-P-0429-91430X-ET- BTJT-A- B-1009


13 Production Manifold 70.32 9.3 289500 78.12 19720 30.8 - 27.10 1
40 BTJT-A- B-1010

XX-P-0429-91430X-ET-40 to
XX-P-0449-31430X-ET-
14 BTJT-A- B-1010 Production Separator 70.32 9.3 289500 78.12 19720 30.8 - 27.10 1
40
(V-1020)

15
2. SIZING METHODOLOGY
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2.1. EROSIONAL VELOCITY


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The erosional velocity can be determined by the empirical equation below, ref [1]:
𝐶
𝑉𝑒 =
√𝜌𝑚
Where:
Ve is erosional velocity, ft/s
C is constant, empirical
ρm is gas/liquid mixture density at flowing pressure and temperature, lbs/ft3.

The empirical constants (C- values) are shown in the following table.
Table 2.1 Empirical Constant (C – values)
C Value Services

100 Solids free fluids continuous service


125 Solids free fluids intermittent service.

Solids free fluids where corrosion is controlled by inhibition or


150-200
by employing corrosion resistant alloys in continuous service

Solids free fluids where corrosion is controlled by inhibition or


Up to 250
by employing corrosion resistant alloys in intermittent service

2.2. MINIMUM VELOCITY


If possible, the minimum velocity in two-phase lines should be about 10 feet per second (3.048
meters per second) to minimize slugging of separation equipment. This is particularly important in
long lines with elevation changes.

2.3. PRESSURE DROP


The pressure drop is calculated using the following calculation step:
 Moody Friction Factor
 Pressure Drop

Equations used on the spreadsheet are presented below.


Friction Factor
The moody friction factor for two phase is assumed to be an average of 0,015. This assumption
based on pipe friction data for clean commercial steel pipe (Crane, “Flow of Fluids Through Valves,
Fittings, and Pipe, 1988, pp A-25).

Pressure Drop
Pressure drop shows the pressure loss due to system. The pressure drop calculation is based on
Darcy formula from the GPSA Engineering Data Book ref [8]
0.000336 𝑓 𝑊 2
∆𝑃 =
𝑑𝑖 5 𝜌𝑚
Where:
∆p is pressure drop, psi/100 feet equivalent pipe length
di is inner diameter, inches
f is moody friction factor, dimensionless
ρm is density, lbs/ft3
W is mass flow, lbs/hr
3. RESULT
3.1. LINE SIZING CALCULATION
The detail calculation for line sizing is presented in Attachment A. The results for line sizing are shown in Table 3.1
Table 3.1 Line Sizing Calculation Result
Line Description Pressure Fluid Minimum Erosional
Size Meet Selected
No. Line Number Drawing No. Phase Drop/30 m Velocity Velocity Velocity Case
(in) Criteria Size (in)
From To (barg) (m/s) (m/s) (m/s)

44 BTM T1 Choke Valve Multi-phase 4 3.048 25.67

Multi-phase 6 0.1893 22.3689 3.048 25.67

Multi-phase 8 0.0473 13.1049 3.048 25.67

52 Choke Valve Mixer Multi-phase 4 3.048 27.75

Multi-phase 6 0.2211 26.1391 3.048 27.75

Multi-phase 8 0.0552 15.3137 3.048 27.75

54 BTM T2 Choke Valve Multi-phase 6 0.2650 22.5581 3.048 21.85

Multi-phase 8 0.0661 13.2157 3.048 21.85

Multi-phase 10 0.0199 8.3126 3.048 21.85

53 Choke Valve Mixer Multi-phase 6 0.3281 27.9298 3.048 24.31

Multi-phase 8 0.0818 16.3627 3.048 24.31

Multi-phase 10 0.0246 10.2921 3.048 24.31

46 BTM T3 Choke Valve Multi-phase 4 3.048 25.56

Multi-phase 6 0.2258 24.3361 3.048 25.56

Multi-phase 8 0.0564 14.2574 3.048 25.56

54 Choke Valve Mixer Multi-phase 6 0.2597 27.9938 3.048 27.41

Multi-phase 8 0.0648 16.4002 3.048 27.41

Multi-phase 10 0.0195 10.3156 3.048 27.41

41 BTS T4 Choke Valve Multi-phase 1.5 1.5248 5.9599 3.048 5.74


Line Description Pressure Fluid Minimum Erosional
Size Meet Selected
No. Line Number Drawing No. Phase Drop/30 m Velocity Velocity Velocity Case
(in) Criteria Size (in)
From To (barg) (m/s) (m/s) (m/s)

Multi-phase 2 3.048 5.74

Multi-phase 3 0.0449 1.5496 3.048 5.74

49 Choke Valve Mixer Multi-phase 2 3.048 12.16

Multi-phase 3 0.2015 6.9642 3.048 12.16

Multi-phase 4 0.0374 3.6511 3.048 12.16

42 BTS T5 Choke Valve Multi-phase 2 3.9304 10.9929 3.048 5.70

Multi-phase 3 0.3890 4.5437 3.048 5.70

Multi-phase 4 0.0721 2.3821 3.048 5.70

50 Choke Valve Mixer Multi-phase 3 3.048 12.10

Multi-phase 4 0.3247 10.7415 3.048 12.10

Multi-phase 6 0.0370 4.6619 3.048 12.10

43 BTS T5 Choke Valve Multi-phase 2 1.6347 6.6248 3.048 5.33

Multi-phase 3 0.1619 2.7382 3.048 5.33

Multi-phase 4 0.0300 1.4356 3.048 5.33

51 Choke Valve Mixer Multi-phase 3 0.7528 12.7381 3.048 11.49

Multi-phase 4 0.1395 6.6781 3.048 11.49

Multi-phase 6 0.0159 2.8983 3.048 11.49

48 Mixer Pump Multi-phase 12 3.048

Multi-phase 14 3.048

Multi-phase 16 3.048

26 Pump Pipeline Multi-phase 10 3.048

Multi-phase 12 3.048

Multi-phase 14 3.048
Line Description Pressure Fluid Minimum Erosional
Size Meet Selected
No. Line Number Drawing No. Phase Drop/30 m Velocity Velocity Velocity Case
(in) Criteria Size (in)
From To (barg) (m/s) (m/s) (m/s)

3 Pipeline Separator Multi-phase 10 3.048

Multi-phase 12 3.048

Multi-phase 14 3.048
4. REFERENCES
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ATTACHMENT A: LINE SIZING CALCULATION SHEET