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# APPENDIX X

## LINE SIZING CALCULATION NOTE

APPENDIX CONTENTS
1. BASIS
The basis used to perform the line sizing calculations are:
 Design margin for piping is 0% (on pressure drop) ref [6]
 Pipe straigth length for all calculation is 100 ft (30 m)

1.1. SOFTWARE
The software used in the calculation are:
HYSYS Process Simulation – To estimate fluid properties as input for line sizing calculation.
In house line sizing spreadsheet – Based on API 14E and GPSA calculation methodology to estimate
the piping pressure drop, velocity and the erosional velocity

## 1.2. FLUID COMPOSITION

The fluid composition used for modeling the fluid stream in the HYSYS process simulation is
extracted from Heat and Material Balance ref [4] and ref [5].

## 1.3. FLUID PROPERTIES

The fluid properties used in the process line sizing calculations are extracted from process
simulation. The fluid properties and operating condition of the lines reviewed are summarized in the
Table 1.1
Table 1.1 Fluid Properties of Two Phase Lines
Flow
Viscosity Mass
Temperature Pressure
No. Line Number Drawing Number Line Description MW Density Case
(ºC) (barg) Total Gas Liquid
(Cp) (Kg/m3)
(Kg/h) (MMscfd) (BPD)

## XX-P-0404-151430X-ET- Well Head (W-0110) to

1 BTJT-A- B-1004 75.00 29.59 31173 8.647 2000 29.25 - 77.65 Note-1
40 FCV-0410

## XX-P-0409-151430X-ET- Well Head (W-0140) to

2 BTJT-A- B-1007 75.00 10.34 82360 15.82 6000 32.35 - 41.06 1
40 FCV-0440

## XX-P-0405-151430X-ET- Well Head (W-0120) to

3 BTJT-A- B-1005 71.00 10.34 110200 29.96 7021 31.05 - 29.76 1
40 FCV-0420

## XX-P-0408-151430X-ET- Well Head (W-0190) to

4 BTJT-A- B-1006 72.00 10.34 22230 4.02 1655 32.44 - 43.88 1
40 FCV-0490

## XX-P-0412-151430X-ET- Well Head (W-0150) to

5 BTJT-A- B-1008 74.00 10.34 29190 5.34 2162 32.47 - 43.17 1
40 FCV-0450

## XX-P-0402/0403- BTJT-A- B-1004 FCV-0410 to

6 67.64 9.3 31173 9.053 1839 29.25 - 25.46 Note-1
91430X-ET-40 BTJT-A- B-1009 Production/Test Manifold

## XX-P-0415/0416-91430X BTJT-A-B-1007 FCV-0440 to

7 74.33 9.3 82360 15.89 6260 32.35 - 37.14 1
-ET-40 BTJT-A- B-1009 Production/Test Manifold

## XX-P-0406/0407-91430X BTJT-A- B-1005 FCV-0420 to

8 70.22 9.3 110200 30.05 7294 31.05 - 26.94 1
-ET-40 BTJT-A- B-1009 Production/Test Manifold

## XX-P-0410/0411-91430X BTJT-A- B-1006 FCV-0490 to

9 71.39 9.3 22230 4.04 1723 32.44 - 39.70 1
-ET-40 BTJT-A- B-1009 Production/Test Manifold

## XX-PG-0423/0424- BTJT-A- B-1008 FCV-0450 to

10 73.36 9.3 29190 5.36 2254 32.47 - 39.04 1
91430X -ET-40 BTJT-A- B-1009 Production/Test Manifold

## XX-P-0437-91430X-ET- BTJT-A- B-1009

11 Test Manifold Line 70.22 9.3 120100 24.70 8378 31.55 - 29.41 1
40 BTJT-A- B-1014

XX-P-0448-31430X-ET- XX-P-0437-91430X-ET-40 to
12 BTJT-A- B-1014 70.22 9.3 120100 24.70 8378 31.55 - 29.41 1
40 Test Separator (V-1010)
Flow
Viscosity Mass
Temperature Pressure
No. Line Number Drawing Number Line Description MW Density Case
(ºC) (barg) Total Gas Liquid
(Cp) (Kg/m3)
(Kg/h) (MMscfd) (BPD)

## XX-P-0429-91430X-ET- BTJT-A- B-1009

13 Production Manifold 70.32 9.3 289500 78.12 19720 30.8 - 27.10 1
40 BTJT-A- B-1010

XX-P-0429-91430X-ET-40 to
XX-P-0449-31430X-ET-
14 BTJT-A- B-1010 Production Separator 70.32 9.3 289500 78.12 19720 30.8 - 27.10 1
40
(V-1020)

15
2. SIZING METHODOLOGY
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## 2.1. EROSIONAL VELOCITY

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The erosional velocity can be determined by the empirical equation below, ref [1]:
𝐶
𝑉𝑒 =
√𝜌𝑚
Where:
Ve is erosional velocity, ft/s
C is constant, empirical
ρm is gas/liquid mixture density at flowing pressure and temperature, lbs/ft3.

The empirical constants (C- values) are shown in the following table.
Table 2.1 Empirical Constant (C – values)
C Value Services

## 100 Solids free fluids continuous service

125 Solids free fluids intermittent service.

## Solids free fluids where corrosion is controlled by inhibition or

150-200
by employing corrosion resistant alloys in continuous service

## Solids free fluids where corrosion is controlled by inhibition or

Up to 250
by employing corrosion resistant alloys in intermittent service

## 2.2. MINIMUM VELOCITY

If possible, the minimum velocity in two-phase lines should be about 10 feet per second (3.048
meters per second) to minimize slugging of separation equipment. This is particularly important in
long lines with elevation changes.

## 2.3. PRESSURE DROP

The pressure drop is calculated using the following calculation step:
 Moody Friction Factor
 Pressure Drop

## Equations used on the spreadsheet are presented below.

Friction Factor
The moody friction factor for two phase is assumed to be an average of 0,015. This assumption
based on pipe friction data for clean commercial steel pipe (Crane, “Flow of Fluids Through Valves,
Fittings, and Pipe, 1988, pp A-25).

Pressure Drop
Pressure drop shows the pressure loss due to system. The pressure drop calculation is based on
Darcy formula from the GPSA Engineering Data Book ref [8]
0.000336 𝑓 𝑊 2
∆𝑃 =
𝑑𝑖 5 𝜌𝑚
Where:
∆p is pressure drop, psi/100 feet equivalent pipe length
di is inner diameter, inches
f is moody friction factor, dimensionless
ρm is density, lbs/ft3
W is mass flow, lbs/hr
3. RESULT
3.1. LINE SIZING CALCULATION
The detail calculation for line sizing is presented in Attachment A. The results for line sizing are shown in Table 3.1
Table 3.1 Line Sizing Calculation Result
Line Description Pressure Fluid Minimum Erosional
Size Meet Selected
No. Line Number Drawing No. Phase Drop/30 m Velocity Velocity Velocity Case
(in) Criteria Size (in)
From To (barg) (m/s) (m/s) (m/s)

## 41 BTS T4 Choke Valve Multi-phase 1.5 1.5248 5.9599 3.048 5.74

Line Description Pressure Fluid Minimum Erosional
Size Meet Selected
No. Line Number Drawing No. Phase Drop/30 m Velocity Velocity Velocity Case
(in) Criteria Size (in)
From To (barg) (m/s) (m/s) (m/s)

## 48 Mixer Pump Multi-phase 12 3.048

Multi-phase 14 3.048

Multi-phase 16 3.048

## 26 Pump Pipeline Multi-phase 10 3.048

Multi-phase 12 3.048

Multi-phase 14 3.048
Line Description Pressure Fluid Minimum Erosional
Size Meet Selected
No. Line Number Drawing No. Phase Drop/30 m Velocity Velocity Velocity Case
(in) Criteria Size (in)
From To (barg) (m/s) (m/s) (m/s)

## 3 Pipeline Separator Multi-phase 10 3.048

Multi-phase 12 3.048

Multi-phase 14 3.048
4. REFERENCES
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