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Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications • These applications are growing rapidly Copyright © 2003 by John

• These applications are growing rapidly

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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HVDC Transmission

HVDC Transmission • There are many such systems all over the world Copyright © 2003 by

• There are many such systems all over the world

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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HVDC Poles

HVDC Poles • Each pole consists of 12-pulse converters Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley &

• Each pole consists of 12-pulse converters

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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HVDC Transmission: 12-Pulse Waveforms

HVDC Transmission: 12-Pulse Waveforms • Idealized waveforms Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

• Idealized waveforms

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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HVDC Transmission: Converters

HVDC Transmission: Converters • Inverter mode of operation Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons,

• Inverter mode of operation

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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Control of HVDC Transmission System

Control of HVDC Transmission System • Inverter is operated at the minimum extinction angle and the

• Inverter is operated at the minimum extinction angle and the rectifier in the current-control mode

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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HVDC Transmission: DC-Side Filters

Tuned for the lowest (12 th harmonic) frequency

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

HVDC Transmission: DC-Side Filters Tuned for the lowest (12 harmonic) frequency Copyright © 2003 by John

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HVDC Transmission: AC-Side Filters

HVDC Transmission: AC-Side Filters Tuned for the lowest (11 and the 13 harmonic) frequencies Copyright ©

Tuned for the lowest (11 th and the 13 th harmonic) frequencies

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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Effect of Reactive Power on Voltage Magnitude

Effect of Reactive Power on Voltage Magnitude • Illustration of the basic principle Copyright © 2003

• Illustration of the basic principle

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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Thyristor-Controlled Inductor (TCI)

Thyristor-Controlled Inductor (TCI) • Increasing the delay angle reduces the reactive power drawn by the TCI

• Increasing the delay angle reduces the reactive power drawn by the TCI

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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Thyristor-Switched Capacitors (TSCs)

Thyristor-Switched Capacitors (TSCs) • Transient current at switching must be minimized Copyright © 2003 by John

• Transient current at switching must be minimized

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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Instantaneous VAR Controller (SATCOM)

Instantaneous VAR Controller (SATCOM) • Can be considered as a reactive current source Copyright © 2003

• Can be considered as a reactive current source

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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Characteristics of Solar Cells

Characteristics of Solar Cells • The maximum power point is at the knee of the characteristics

• The maximum power point is at the knee of the characteristics

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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Photovoltaic Interface

Photovoltaic Interface • This scheme uses a thyristor inverter Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley &

• This scheme uses a thyristor inverter

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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Harnessing of Wing Energy

Harnessing of Wing Energy • A switch-mode inverter may be needed on the wind generator side

• A switch-mode inverter may be needed on the wind generator side also

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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Interface with 3-Phase Utility Grid

Interface with 3-Phase Utility Grid • Uses a thyristor inverter Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley

• Uses a thyristor inverter

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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Interface of SMES

Interface of SMES • Can be used for utility load leveling Copyright © 2003 by John

• Can be used for utility load leveling

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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Active Filters for Harmonic Elimination

Active Filters for Harmonic Elimination • Active filters inject a nullifying current so that the current

• Active filters inject a nullifying current so that the current drawn from the utility is nearly sinusoidal

Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Chapter 17 Electric Utility Applications

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