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# 2/6/2018 Score A Notes

MATHEMATICS - FORM 1

WHOLE NUMBERS

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2/6/2018 Score A Notes

WHOLE NUMBERS
1. Whole numbers are 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,....

## 2. (Zero) is the first whole number.

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2/6/2018 Score A Notes

For example:-

and sixty-three'

## A) Place Value and Value of Each Digit in Whole Numbers.

1. Each digit in a whole number has its own place value.

Worked Example

## (a) 530 274

Solution

(a) five hundred and thirty thousand two hundred and seventy-four.

Worked Example

## Write the following in figures.

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2/6/2018 Score A Notes

Solution

(a) 5 624

Worked Example

Solution

Worked Example

Solution

## B) Rounding off Numbers

A number can be rounded off to a certain place value by following the

rules below. Look at the digit on the right next to the place value involved.

(a) If the digit is 5 more, add 1 to the digit at the place value involved and

## replace all the other digits on its right with zeros.

(b) If the digit is less than 5, retain the digit as it is at the place value

involved and replace the other digits on its right with zeros.

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c) Estimation
1.In our daily life, we use estimation when an accurate answer is unnecessary.

## 2. We often use rounding off to give an estimation to the actual value.

OF WHOLE NUMBERS.

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2/6/2018 Score A Notes

1. Addition is a process of finding the total of two or more numbers.

For example:-

For example:-

(a) 12 + 0 = 12

(b) 0 + 6 = 6

## B) Problem Solving involving Addition

Worked Example

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2/6/2018 Score A Notes

There are 25 apples, 3 760 durians and 948 oranges in Mr Tan's stall.

Solution

## 1. Understand the problem

Given information:-

Number of apples = 25

## Number of durian = 3 760

Number of oranges = 9 48

2. Devise a plan

## 3. Carry out the plan

4. Check

c) Subtraction
1. Subtraction is a process of finding the difference between two numbers.

For example:-

65 - 20 = 45 (Difference or remainder)

For example:-

19 - 19 = 0

For example:-

75 - 0 = 75

## 4. Follow the steps below when carrying out subtraction.

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2/6/2018 Score A Notes

For example:-

76 - 15 = 61

62 - 15 = 47

## D) Problem Solving Involving Subtraction.

Worked Example

There are 1 244 male students in a college.If the number female students

is 327 less than the number of male students, how many female students

are there?

Solution

## 1. Understand the problem

Given information:-

## than the number of male students.

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2. Devise a plan

Use subtraction.

4. Check

## MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION

OF WHOLE NUMBERS
A) Multiplication
1. Multiplication is a process of repeated addition.

## not affect the product.

For example:- 6 × 3 = 18
3 × 6 = 18

## 3. The product of any number and 0 is 0.

For example:- 10 × 0 = 0
0 × 10 = 0

## 4. A number multiplied by 1 is the number itself.

For example:- 36 × 1 = 36

Worked example

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Solution

Worked example

Solution

## 1.Understand the problem

Given information:-

= 45

## Find: Total number of handkerchiefs sewn

in a week.

2. Devise a plan

Use multiplication.

## 3.Carry out the plan

4. Check

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2/6/2018 Score A Notes

## Multiply again to see if you gate the same answer.

C) DIVISION
1. Division is equal gathering or equal sharing.

## 2. When a number is divided by 0, it cannot be defined.

For example:-

8 ÷ 0 cannot be defined.

number itself.

For example:-

5÷1=5

For example:-

0 ÷ 58 = 0

## 5. Changing the order of numbers in division will affect

For example:-

Worked Example

(a)Divide 1 694 by 14

## (b) Find the value 925 ÷ 4

Solution

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Worked Example

Solution

2. Devise a plan

Use division.

## Therefore, there are 16 table in a row.

4. Check

Check by multiplication.

10 x 16 = 160

COMBINED OPERATIONS OF
WHOLE NUMBERS
A) Combined Operations involving

For combined operations involving addition and subtraction,

## calculate from left to right.

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Worked Example

(a) 22 + 18 - 24

Solution

Worked Example

## A basket contains 32 fruits. 11 are taken out and then 21

are added in. How many fruits are there in the basket now?

Solution

## 1. Understand the problem

Given information:-

2. Devise a plan

32 - 11 + 21

= 21 + 21

= 42

## Therefore, 42 fruits are in the basket now.

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4. Check

## C) Combined Operations involving

Multiplication and Division

Worked Example

(a) 18 x 7 ÷ 3

(b) 600 ÷ 8 x 5

Solution

## D) Problem Solving involving

Multiplication and Division

Worked Example

Solution

## 1. Understand the problem

Given information:-

and Akma = 20

## Find: Amount paid by each of them

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2. Devise a plan

21 x RM16 ÷ 3

= RM 336 ÷ 3

= RM 112

RM 112.

4. Check

21 x RM16 = 336

3 x RM 112 = 336

## and divition before addition and subtraction.

Worked Example

Simplify

(a) 7 x 40 - 10 x 11

(b) 48 + 32 x 24 ÷ 6 -2

Solution

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Worked Example

## 1. Solve each of the following.

(a) 6 x ( 6 - 2 ) ÷ ( 9 - 6 )

(b) 20 x (2 + 28 ÷ 4 ) - 95

Solution

(a) 6 ( 6 - 2 ) ÷ ( 8 - 2 )

=6x4÷6

= 24 ÷ 6

=4

(b) 20 x ( 2 + 28 ÷ 4 ) - 95

= 20 x ( 2 + 7 ) - 95

= 20 x 9 - 95

= 180 - 95

= 85

## 2. Brackets are also operative symbol for multiplication.

For example:-

( 8 - 3 ) ( 9 - 5 ) -10
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= ( 5 ) ( 4 ) - 10

= 20 - 10

= 10

Worked Example

## If each bottle has 55 marble in it, Find the total

number of marbles.

Solution

## 1. Understand the problem

Given information:

2. Devise a plan

## Perform addition within the brackets and followed

by multiplication.

## 3. Carry out the plan

( 7 + 15 ) x 55 = 22 x 55

= 1 210

4. Check

22 - 15 = 7

1 210 ÷ 55 = 22

Worked Example

## were given to each of his sons?

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Solution

( 8 x 12 - 21) ÷ 3

= ( 96 - 21 ) ÷ 3

= 75 ÷ 3

= 25