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COMPOSITION
COMPOSITION
COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body
BLO0D
BLO0D
FUNCTIONS
FUNCTIONS
COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body
COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body
COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body
COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body

Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body weight. Blood volume of a normal adult is about 5



Distribution functions include delivering oxygen and nutrients to body tissues. Rmoving metabolic wastes, and transporting hormones. Regulation functions include maintaining body temperature, constant blood pH, and adequate fluid volume. Protective functions include hemostasis and

prevention of infection.

Hemostasis
Hemostasis

Formed elements

Accounting for 45% of whole blood, are erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets

Plasma

Is a straw-colored, viscous fluid and is 90% wáter.

Plasma proteins, most made by the liver, include albumin,

globulins, and fibrinogen

COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body

oxygen binds to iron atoms in hemoglobin molecules.

ERYTHROCYTES
ERYTHROCYTES
COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body
COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body

Function:

Oxygen transport

Granulocytes

  • Neutrophils

  • Eosinophils

  • Basophils

  • Neutrophils are active phagocytes.

COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body
COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body

Are small, biconcave cells containing large amounts of hemoglobin.

Iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid are essential for production of hemoglobin.

 
is prevention of blood loss. The three major steps of hemostasis are: 1. Vascular spasm 2.
 

is prevention of blood loss.

The three major steps of hemostasis are:

 
is prevention of blood loss. The three major steps of hemostasis are: 1. Vascular spasm 2.
  • 1. Vascular spasm

 
  • 2. Platelet plug formation

  • 3. Blood coagulation

is prevention of blood loss. The three major steps of hemostasis are: 1. Vascular spasm 2.

May be initiated by either the intrinsic or the extrinsic pathway

LEUKOCYTE
LEUKOCYTE
Agranulocytes Have crucial roles in immunity.  Lymphocytes
Agranulocytes
Have crucial roles in
immunity.
Lymphocytes

Are white blood cells (WBCs). All are nucleated, and all have crucial roles in defending against disease.

COMPOSITION BLO0D FUNCTIONS Blood is a viscous, slightly alkaline fluid representing about 8% of total body
PLATELETS
PLATELETS

Form a plug to help prevent blood loss

Are fragments of large megakaryocytes formed in red marrow.

  • and play a central role in the clotting cascade