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Ambient Conditions Average Mass Flow Rate of Air (lbs/hr)

Dry (F) 35 32 30 32.33333333 On Ambient


Wet (F) 28 24 20.5 24.16666667 14011.94329
%RH 67 78 76 73.66666667

Air from Cooling Tower


Dry (F) 58 56 53 55.66666667 Heat Rate based on Air Flow (Btu/h
Wet (F) 54 53 51 52.66666667 On Ambient
%RH 73 81 87 80.33333333 107895.0973

Air Velocity (m/s)


Position Meter 1 Meter 2 Average Mass Flow Rate of Water (lbs/hr)
A 3.8 4 3.9 -2881.77389
B 3.3 3.4 3.35
C 4.2 4.5 4.35
D 4.6 4.7 4.65
E 3.8 4 3.9
F 4.5 4.6 4.55
G 3.7 3.8 3.75
H 4.1 4.2 4.15
I 3.6 3.2 3.4
3.955555556 4.044444444 4

Cold Water Return (gal/sec)


Vol (gal) Time (sec) Rate (gal/sec)
7.48 1 7.48
7.4 1 7.4
7.38 1 7.38
7.42

Temperatures
CWS (C) CWR (C)
45 30
CWS (F) CWR (F)
113 86
ass Flow Rate of Air (lbs/hr)
On CT Flow Average
13745.59025 13878.77

eat Rate based on Air Flow (Btu/hr)


On CT Flow Dheat
186042.9599 78147.86

ass Flow Rate of Water (lbs/hr)


Second attempt at calculating the change in enthalpy of the cooling tower.

Velocity flow rate of air out of the cooling tower Change in enthalpy on the air side
3" rad dis 6" rad dis 9" rad dis Ambient air conditions
Section A 4.8 5 5.6 1
Section A 4.2 5.1 4.9 Dry Bulb (F) 54
Section A 4.5 4.8 5 Wet Bulb (F) 48
Section B 4.3 6 4.6 Rel Hum %
Section B 4.8 5.7 5.3
Section B 5.1 5.7 3.9 Air from Cooling Tower
Section C 3.3 4.9 4.9 1
Section C 4 4.8 4.8 Dry Bulb (F) 58
Section C 3.5 3.7 4.2 Wet Bulb (F) 55
Average 4.2777777778 5.0777777778 4.8 Rel Hum %
50524.833333333 59973.633333333 56692.8
0 3 6 9 12
0 151574.5 359841.8 510235.2 0
3 3 3 3
75787.25 255708.15 435038.5 255117.6 vol flow rate (ft^3/hr)
227361.75 767124.45 1305115.5 765352.8 133733.86862204

Ave Vel 4.5" Ave Vel 7.5" Ave Vel 12" Vol (ft^3/hr)
22321.187608966 11775.795367732 25046.11181058 59143.094787277
Cpair,in (J/kgK) Cpvap,in (J/kgK)
Densities of H2O and air (kg/m^3) 1006.7022222222 4194.2
H2O vap Dry air
10.85305 1.23139 Cpair,in (Btu/lbF) Cpvap,in (Btu/lbF)
Vap (lb/ft^3) Air (lb/ft^3) 0.2404608928 1.001826612
0.6775342054 0.0768732149 0.575421837
AveCpin(Btu/lbF) AveCpout(Btu/lbF)
0.4155750082 0.3696437377

Mass 4.5" Mass 7.5" Mass 12" Mass (lbs/hr)


12844.098778384 6776.0498028528 14412.079668212 34032.228249448 Calculation of change in enthalpy
22.357935442 21.8089805236

cu ft/lb dry air 13.25


mass flow of air 10093.122160154
h in 19.4
h out 23.7
lb H2O/lb air in 0.006
lb H2O/lb air out 0.009
lb H2O lost 30.2793664805
delta h 43400.425288663
2 3 4 5 Averages
54 54 55 52 53.8
47 48 50 49 48.4
77
600000
2 3 4 5 Averages
500000

Ave Vel
58 59 61 59 59
56 56 57 55 55.8
83
400000

300000

200000

100000

0
Cpair,out (J/kgK) Cpvap,out (J/kgK) 0 2 4 6
1006.76 4,188 Radial Distanc
Cpair,out (Btu/lbF)Cpvap,out (Btu/lbF)
0.2404746936 1.0002926

pout(Btu/lbF)
0.5489549184 18682.159082626
600000

500000

400000

300000 Row 17

200000

100000

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
Radial Distance (inches)
Position 0" Rad Dis 3" Rad Dis 6" Rad Dis 9" Rad Dis 11" Rad Dis
1 0 4.6 5 5.4 0
2 0 4.2 5.1 4.4 0
3 0 4.4 4.9 4.6 0
4 0 4.4 5.7 4.1 0
5 0 4.5 5.5 4.7 0
6 0 4.7 5.4 4.3 0
7 0 3.9 4.5 4.2 0
8 0 4.3 4.7 4.7 0
9 0 3.7 4 3.9 0
Average (m/s) 0 4.3 4.98 4.48 0
Standard Dev 0.32 0.53 0.44
0 50787.3 58792.5 52887.0 0
0 3 6 9 11
0 152361.9 352755.2 475983.3 0
Base 3 3 3 2
Height 76181.0 252558.6 414369.3 237991.7
228542.9 757675.7 1243107.8 475983.3

Unsteady state temperature changes for cold water supply and return (F)
Time (sec) Time (min) CWReturn CWSupply Dh(Btu/hr)
0 0 72 107.5 -109908
30 0.5 71.5 98.8 -84520.8
60 1 67.2 93.8 -82353.6
90 1.5 69.1 89.9 -64396.8
120 2 70.2 85.5 -47368.8
150 2.5 71.8 82 -31579.2
180 3 73.4 79.5 -18885.6
210 3.5 74.3 76.4 -6501.6
240 4 75.3 73.2 6501.6
270 4.5 76.4 71.8 14241.6
300 5 76.6 69.8 21052.8
330 5.5 77.6 68 29721.6
360 6 77.7 66.7 34056
390 6.5 78.1 65.6 38700
420 7 77.9 64.8 40557.6
450 7.5 78.2 63.7 44892
480 8 77.6 62.9 45511.2
510 8.5 77.7 62.3 47678.4
540 9 77.6 61.9 48607.2
570 9.5 77.1 61.3 48916.8
600 10 76.7 60.8 49226.4
630 10.5 76.1 60.4 48607.2
660 11 75.5 60.1 47678.4
690 11.5 74.7 59.7 46440
720 12 74.3 59.3 46440
750 12.5 74.1 59.1 46440
780 13 73.4 58.8 45201.6
810 13.5 72.9 58.6 44272.8
840 14 72.5 58.3 43963.2
870 14.5 72.1 57.9 43963.2
900 15 71.8 57.7 43653.6
930 15.5 71.6 57.5 43653.6
960 16 71.4 57.2 43963.2
990 16.5 70.5 57 41796
1020 17 70.5 57 41796
1050 17.5 70 56.7 41176.8
1080 18 69.6 56.5 40557.6
1110 18.5 68.9 56.2 39319.2
1140 19 68.7 56 39319.2
1170 19.5 68.3 56 38080.8
1200 20 67.8 55.7 37461.6
1230 20.5 67.1 55.4 36223.2
1260 21 66.6 55.4 34675.2
1290 21.5 66.5 55.4 34365.6
1320 22 66.2 55.7 32508
1350 22.5 66.2 55.4 33436.8
1380 23 66 55.2 33436.8
1410 23.5 66 55.1 33746.4
1440 24 65.3 55 31888.8
1470 24.5 65.2 55 31579.2
1500 25 64.7 54.8 30650.4
Ambient Air
Dry Bulb (F) 44 45 44 48
Wet Bulb (F) 38 40 39 42
Rel Humidity

CT Air
Dry Bulb (F) 52 48 48 48
Wet Bulb (F) 52 50 47 46
Rel Humidity

Information obtained from the psychrometric chart


Ambient Air CT Air
lbH2O/lbDryAir 0.004 lbH2O/lbDryAir 0.0072
Btu/lbDryAir 15.21 Btu/lbDryAir 19.64
ft^3/lbDryAir 12.97

118041.4 Mass Flow Rate (lb/hr)


9101.1

Loss of water at steady state (lbH2O/hr)


29.1

Heat transferred from the water to the air (Btu/hr)


40317.9

Mass Flow Rate of Water into the top of the Cooling Tower (lb/hr)
5 gallons of water = 43 lbs
Approximately 50 seconds to fill a 5 gallon bucket
Mass Flow Rate (lb/sec)
0.86
Mass Flow Rate (lb/hr)
3096
46 45.4
41 40 Velocity Profile

Velocity
62%
500000
400000
49
48.75 300000
98% 200000
100000
0
0 3 6
Radial Distance (in
Te m p e ra tu re (F )

Tower (lb/hr)

Cold Water Supply and Return Temps (F)

110
100
90
80
70
60
50
0 5 10 15 20 25
Time (min)
Dh (Btu/hr)

Dh(Btu/hr)

60000
30000
Dh (Btu/hr)
Dh(Btu/hr)

60000
30000
0
0 5 10 15 20 25
-30000
-60000
-90000
-120000 Time (min)
Velocity Profile
000
000
000
000
000
0
0 3 6 9 12
Radial Distance (inches)

Temps (F)

20 25
15 20 25

n)