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ISO 31000

ISO 31000
We live in an ever-changing world
where we are forced to deal with
uncertainty every day. But how an
organization tackles that uncertainty
can be a key predictor of its success. Who is ISO 31000 for ?
ISO 31000 is applicable to all organizations, regardless of type,
size, activities and location, and covers all types of risk. It was
developed by a range of stakeholders and is intended for use by
Risk is a necessary part of doing busi- anyone who manages risks, not just professional risk managers.
ness, and in a world where enormous
amounts of data are being processed
at increasingly rapid rates, identifying
What are the benefits for
and mitigating risks is a challenge for my business ?
any company. It is no wonder then that
many contracts and insurance agree- ISO 31000 helps organizations develop a risk management strat-
ments require solid evidence of good egy to effectively identify and mitigate risks, thereby enhancing
risk management practice. the likelihood of achieving their objectives and increasing the
ISO 31000 provides direction on how protection of their assets. Its overarching goal is to develop a risk
companies can integrate risk-based management culture where employees and stakeholders are
decision making into an organization’s aware of the importance of monitoring and managing risk.
governance, planning, management, Implementing ISO 31000 also helps organizations see both the
reporting, policies, values and culture. positive opportunities and negative consequences associated with
It is an open, principles-based system, risk, and allows for more informed, and thus more effective, deci-
meaning it enables organizations to sion making, namely in the allocation of resources. What’s more,
apply the principles in the standard to it can be an active component in improving an organization’s
the organizational context. governance and, ultimately, its performance.

ISO 31000, Risk management – 1

What are the main differences ?
ISO 31000:2018 provides more stra- the organization and consideration of
tegic guidance than ISO 31000:2009 human and cultural factors.
and places more emphasis on both The content has been streamlined to
the involvement of senior manage- reflect an open systems model that
ment and the integration of risk man- regularly exchanges feedback with
agement into the organization. This its external environment in order to
includes the requirement to develop fit a wider range of needs and con-
a statement or policy that confirms texts. The key objective is to make
a commitment to risk management, things clearer and easier, using plain

Why was it revised ?

assigning authority, responsibility language to define the fundamentals
and accountability at the appropri- of risk management in a way that the
ate levels within the organization and reader will find easier to comprehend.
All ISO standards are reviewed every five years and then ensuring that the necessary resources The terminology is now more con-
revised if needed. This helps ensure they remain relevant, are allocated to managing risk. cise, with certain terms being moved
useful tools for the marketplace. A revised version of The revised standard now also requires to ISO Guide 73, Risk management –
ISO 31000 was published in 2018 to take into account that risk management be part of the Vocabulary, which deals specifically
the evolution of the market and new challenges faced by organization’s structure, processes, with risk management terminology
business and organizations since the standard was first objectives, strategy and activities. It and is intended to be used alongside
released in 2009. One example of this is the increased places a greater focus on creating value ISO 31000. Work has commenced on a
complexity of economic systems and emerging risk fac- as the key driver of risk management and terminology standard and implemen-
tors such as digital currency, both of which can present features other related principles such as tation handbook to further enhance
new and different types of risks to an organization on an continual improvement, the inclusion the understanding and applicability
international scale. of stakeholders, being customized to of the standard.

2 – ISO 31000, Risk management ISO 31000, Risk management – 3

What about
certification ?
ISO 31000 provides guidelines,
not requirements, and is there-
fore not intended for certification

How do I get
started ?
• Be aware of your organiza-
tion’s key objectives – this
will help you clarify the
targets and requirements
Who was ISO 31000 developed by ? of your risk management
ISO 31000 was developed by system.
ISO’s technical committee on risk • Assess your current govern-
management, ISO/TC 262. Other ance structure – this will
standards in its portfolio, which supports ensure you allocate the right
ISO 31000, include technical report roles, responsibilities and
ISO/TR 31004, Risk management – reporting procedures when it More information
Guidance for the implementation of comes to risk.
ISO 31000, and International Standard • Define your level of commit- ISO Website :
ISO/IEC 31010, Risk management ment – what resources will ISOfocus magazine :
– Risk assessment techniques, you be able to allocate to ISO videos :
developed jointly with the International implementing or maintaining Follow us on Twitter :
Electrotechnical Commission. a risk management system. Join us on Facebook :
Join us on GooglePlus :
4 – ISO 31000, Risk management ISO 31000, Risk management – 3
About ISO
ISO (International Organization for
Standardization) is an independent,
non-governmental organization with a
membership of 162* national standards
bodies. Through its members, ISO brings
together experts to share knowledge and
develop voluntary, consensus-based,
market-relevant International Standards
that support innovation and provide
solutions to global challenges.
ISO has published more than 22 000*
International Standards and related
documents covering almost every
industry, from technology to food
safety, to agriculture and healthcare.
For more information, please visit :

* February 2018

International Organization
for Standardization
ISO Central Secretariat
Ch. de Blandonnet 8
Case Postale 401
CH – 1214 Vernier, Geneva
© ISO, 2018
All rights reserved
ISBN 978-92-67-10784-4