Anda di halaman 1dari 5

Problem (1):

for the following Laplace's equation find the heat at the y


middle of the shown metal plate (4 × 6) using:

a) Separation of variables using Superposition b=6
b) Finite difference method
𝛻 2 𝑢 (𝑥, 𝑦) = 0, 0 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 𝑎 0≤𝑦≤𝑏
T=30° 0°
𝑢(𝑎, 𝑦) = 𝑢(𝑥, 𝑏) = 0
𝑢(𝑥, 0) = 30𝑜 , 𝑢(0, 𝑦) = 60𝑜
x
T=30° a=4

Problem (2): f(t)

For the shown function f(t) find:


2
a) Fourier series expansion.
b) Fourier transform.
c) Fourier integral.
d) Laplace transform. t
-1 0 1 2 3
e) z-transform. Check the result using

Super position method


Solve the following integral equation using:
a. Convolution.
b. Laplace Transform of Integral Equations.
𝒕

𝒚(𝒕) = 𝒔𝒊𝒏(𝒕) + 𝟐 ∫ 𝒄𝒐𝒔(𝒕 − 𝒖) 𝒚(𝒖)𝒅𝒖


𝟎

Prove that 𝑢(𝑥, 𝑦) = 𝑒 𝑥 cos(𝑦) is a harmonic function, then find


𝑓(𝑧) = 𝑢(𝑥, 𝑦) + 𝑗𝑣(𝑥, 𝑦) analytic function.

If |𝑧| = 1, find:
6cos(2𝜃)
∫ . 𝑑𝜃
𝜋(5 − 4 cos(𝜃))
Solution:

𝑑𝑧
𝐿𝑒𝑡: 𝑧 = 𝑒 𝑖𝜃 → 𝑑𝑧 = 𝑖𝑒 𝑖𝜃 . 𝑑𝜃 → 𝑑𝜃 =
𝑖𝑧
1 𝑖2𝜃 −𝑖2𝜃
1 2 1 𝑧4 + 1
cos(2𝜃) = (𝑒 + 𝑒 ) = (𝑧 + 2 ) =
2 2 𝑧 2𝑧 2
1 𝑖𝜃 −𝑖𝜃
1 −2𝑧 2 + 5𝑧 − 2
5 − 4 cos(𝜃) = 5 − 4 (𝑒 + 𝑒 ) = 5 − 2 (𝑧 + ) =
2 𝑧 𝑧
6cos(2𝜃) 6(𝑧 4 + 1) 3(𝑧 4 + 1)
𝑓(𝑧) = =− =−
𝜋(5 − 4cos(𝜃)) 2𝑧𝜋(2𝑧 2 − 5𝑧 + 2) 𝑧𝜋(2𝑧 − 1)(𝑧 − 2)
cos(2𝜃) 3(𝑧 4 + 1) 𝑑𝑧 3𝑖 𝑧4 + 1
∴∫ . 𝑑𝜃 = ∫ − . = ∫ 2 . 𝑑𝑧
𝜋(5 − 4 cos(𝜃)) 𝑧𝜋(2𝑧 − 1)(𝑧 − 2) 𝑖𝑧 𝜋 𝑧 (2𝑧 − 1)(𝑧 − 2)

𝑑 2 4𝑧 3 (2𝑧 − 1)(𝑧 − 2) − (𝑧 4 + 1)(4𝑧 − 5) 5


𝑅𝑒𝑠(𝑓(𝑧), 0) = lim 𝑧 𝑓(𝑧) = lim =
𝑧→0 𝑑𝑧 𝑧→0 (2𝑧 − 1)2 (𝑧 − 2)2 4

1 𝑧4 + 1 −17
𝑅𝑒𝑠(𝑓(𝑧), ⁄2) = lim (2𝑧 − 1)𝑓(𝑧) = lim 2 =
𝑧→1⁄2 𝑧→1⁄2 𝑧 (𝑧 − 2) 12
Pole at z=2 is out of region |𝑧| = 1
3𝑖 𝑧4 + 1 3𝑖 5 17
∴ ∫ 2 . 𝑑𝑧 = (2𝜋𝑖) ( − )
𝜋 𝑧 (2𝑧 − 1)(𝑧 − 2) 𝜋 4 12

6cos(2𝜃)
∴∫ . 𝑑𝜃 = 1
5 − 4cos(𝜃)

Solve the following difference equation:


𝑓(𝑛 + 2) + 𝑓(𝑛 + 1) = 2𝑛 , 𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ 𝑓(0) = 0, 𝑓(1) = 1?

Solution:
Apply z-transform to both sides of this equation:
𝑍(𝑓(𝑛) = 𝐹(𝑧);
𝑍(𝑓(𝑛 + 1)) = 𝑧𝐹(𝑧) − 𝑧𝑓(0) = 𝑧𝐹(𝑧)

𝑍(𝑓(𝑛 + 2)) = 𝑧 2 𝐹(𝑧) − 𝑧 2 𝑓(0) − 𝑧𝑓(1) = 𝑧 2 𝐹(𝑧) − 𝑧;


𝑧 2 𝐹(𝑧) − 𝑧 + 𝑧𝐹(𝑧) = (2𝑛 )
The difference equation then becomes
𝑧
𝑧(𝑧 − 1)𝐹(𝑧) − 𝑧 = ;
(𝑧 − 2)
(𝑧 − 2) + 1
(𝑧 − 1)𝐹(𝑧) =
(𝑧 − 2)
1
𝐴𝑛𝑑 𝑠𝑜𝑙𝑣𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝐹(𝑧) 𝑤𝑒 𝑓𝑖𝑛𝑑 𝐹(𝑧) =
(𝑧 − 2)
Q3)
𝑙
𝐸𝐼
𝐺𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑒𝑛𝑒𝑟𝑔𝑦 𝑓𝑢𝑛𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝜋=∫ (𝑊,𝑥𝑥 )2 − (𝑞)(𝑤)𝑑𝑥
2
0

Using Calculus of Variation to determine the Euler equation (E,I and q are constant)

𝑧+2 3
𝐸𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒 Integral: ∮ 𝑑𝑧 𝑎𝑡 𝐶𝑖𝑟𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑒 |𝑧| = 𝑢𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔:
2𝑗𝜋𝑧 2 (𝑧 2 + 1) 4

a)- Cauchy integral. b)- Residue theorem.

Solution

A)- Put the integral in the form of

𝑧+2
∮ dz
2𝑗𝑧 2 (𝑧 + 𝑗)(𝑧 − 𝑗)

2𝑗𝑧 2 (𝑧 + 𝑗)(𝑧 − 𝑗) = 0 → 𝑧 = 0 ,𝑧 = 𝑗 , 𝑧 = −𝑗→

3
Z=j ,z=-j out of the circular |𝑧| =
4
𝑧+2 2𝜋𝑗
∮ 2 2
𝑑𝑧 = 𝑅𝑒𝑠(𝑧 = 0)
2 𝑗𝜋𝑧 (𝑧 + 1) 𝜋

1 𝑑
Res(z = 0) = lim [𝑧 − 𝑧0 ]2 𝑓(𝑧)
𝑧→0 1! 𝑑𝑧

𝑑 1 𝑧+2
= lim ( )
𝑧→0 𝑑𝑧 2𝑗 𝑧 2 + 1

1 −𝑧 2 − 4 𝑧 + 1 1 𝑧+ 2 1
= lim ( ) = → ∮ 𝑑𝑧 = 2𝜋𝑗 ( )= 𝜋
𝑧→0 2𝑗 (𝑧 2 + 1)2 2j 2𝑗𝑧 2 (𝑧 2 + 1) 2 𝑗

𝑧+ 2
∮ 𝑑𝑧 = 𝜋
2𝑗𝑧 2 (𝑧 2 + 1)

B)- Put the integral in the form of

1 𝑧+ 2
𝑧+2 2𝑗 (𝑧 2 + 1 )
∮ 𝑑𝑧 = ∮ 𝑑𝑧
2 𝑗𝑧 2 (𝑧 2 + 1) 𝑧2

3
𝐴𝑇 𝐶𝑖𝑟𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑒 |𝑧| =
4

1 𝑧+ 2
2𝑗 (𝑧 2 + 1 )
∮ 𝑑𝑧
𝑧2

1 𝑧+2
𝑓( 𝑧) =
2𝑗 (𝑧 2 + 1)

1 (𝑧 2 + 1) − (𝑧 + 2)(2𝑧)
̅
𝑓 (𝑧) =
2𝑗 (𝑧 2 + 1)2
→ 𝑓(̅ 0) = 1

𝑓(𝑧) 2𝜋𝑗
∴ ∮ = ̅
𝑓 (0)
(𝑧)2 1!

1
𝑓 (̅ 0) =
2𝑗

𝑧 +2 1
∮ 𝑑𝑧 = 2π𝑗 ( )= 𝜋
2𝑗𝑧 2 (𝑧 2 + 1) 2𝑗

𝑧 +2
∮ 𝑑𝑧 = 𝜋
2𝑗𝑧 2 (𝑧 2 + 1)